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ISO 9001: 2008
ISO 9001: 2008

Republic of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING BUAYAN RIVER BASIN WATERSHED A Term Paper Presented to
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING BUAYAN RIVER BASIN WATERSHED A Term Paper Presented to
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING BUAYAN RIVER BASIN WATERSHED A Term Paper Presented to

BUAYAN RIVER BASIN WATERSHED

A Term Paper

Presented to

Engr. Aries H. Hermoso

Instructor College of Engineering

Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges

In Partial Fulfilment

of the Requirements in Hydrology

TABAL, KEESH MARLON R.

BSCE-4A

March 2014

ISO 9001: 2008
ISO 9001: 2008

Republic of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING I. Introduction The Philippines is an archipelago whose
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING I. Introduction The Philippines is an archipelago whose
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING I. Introduction The Philippines is an archipelago whose

I.

Introduction

The Philippines is an archipelago whose islands are located on the

western margin of the Pacific Ocean “Ring of Fire” and is undergoing mountain

building through volcanic activities. The mountainous terrain includes mountain

ranges and active volcanoes. Its geographic location being just north of the

equator

gives

the

country

a

moderate

tropical

climate

suitable

for

crop

production. However, the country is continuously threatened by natural and man-

made hazards that resulted in loss of human lives and properties. Basically,

people live in a naturally formed hydrological unit called watershed. Of the total

Philippine land area, about 70% is considered a major watershed which is found

within

419

river

basins

all

over

the

Philippine

archipelago.

However,

its

watersheds are naturally prone to environmental disasters due to several active

faults, steep topography, poor vegetation cover and socio-economic pressures

that contributed to the environmental disasters. Recent events such as the

landslides

in

Ginsaugon,

Leyte

and

Real,

Quezon

have

highlighted

the

importance of identifying the vulnerability levels of our watersheds. If only

development plans have identified vulnerability areas and included measures to

reduce hazards, human sufferings and economic losses would have been

avoided or reduced.

Watershed

is

one

of

the

basic

life-supporting

ecosystems

that

is

threatened by the above mentioned environmental disasters (natural and man-

ISO 9001: 2008
ISO 9001: 2008

Republic of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING made) because of its biogeophysical attributes and its
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING made) because of its biogeophysical attributes and its
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING made) because of its biogeophysical attributes and its

made)

because

of

its

biogeophysical

attributes

and

its

socio-economic

significance. Thus, in order to minimize its further destruction and degradation,

assessing the vulnerability of a watershed to soil erosion, landslides, flooding,

forest/grass fire and biodiversity loss is of utmost importance. The assessment

can provide information in coming up with an integrated watershed management

plan.

The Buayan River Basin Watershed (BRBW) lies within the geographical

coordinates between 06° 05’ 26.3” to 06° 32’ 34.4” longitudes and 125° 04’ 21.1”

to 125° 34’ 06.6” latitudes. It is located within the northern portion of Sarangani

Province towards its boundary in South Cotabato, part of Davao del Sur in the

eastern and southwestern in General Santos City.Watershed conditions are in an

alarming state with, 56,031 hectares or 40% of the entire watershed considered

highly erodible. Forest lands have receded into grassland conditions, covering

77,000 hectares or 54% of the total area. 10,000 hectares or 7% closed canopy

forest mixed with forest plantation are sparsely scattered in the watershed vital in

the

soil,

water

and

biodiversity

conservation.

An

estimated

680

million

gallons/day of water is discharged to Sarangani Bay Protected Seascape (SBPS)

during peak flow which cause flash flooding downstream with an average of

2,694 tons of sediments per day (SMICZMP).

ISO 9001: 2008
ISO 9001: 2008

Republic of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Location Map Page
of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Location Map Page
of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Location Map Page

Location Map

of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Location Map Page
ISO 9001: 2008
ISO 9001: 2008

Republic of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING II. Current State of Watershed   The Mt. Matutum
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING II. Current State of Watershed   The Mt. Matutum
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING II. Current State of Watershed   The Mt. Matutum

II.

Current State of Watershed

 

The Mt. Matutum upper catchments serve as river tributaries that provide

water

to

13,000

hectares

Agro-industrial

farm

of

DOLE

Philippines

and

Primetown. It also supports the water requirements for recreational uses and

prawn farms and the domestic water supply for residential and commercial

establishments. The catchments also hosts a total of 23,000 hectares Alienable

and Disposable (A&D) lands potential for sustainable agriculture development. At

least 1,500 hectares part of Mt. Matutum Protected Landscape (MMPL) carries

the potential for ecotourism. It also hosts the 84,000 hectares CADC of the

B’laan and Tagakaolo tribes and habitat of Tarsier (Tarsius syrichta). The

Biangan Gabion Revetment and spur dike structures and Upper Buayan check

dam provide water regulation functions. Upland productivity measures were also

instituted with 750 hectares agroforesty and reforestation project established

under the Southern Mindanao Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project

(SMICZMP).

.

ISO 9001: 2008
ISO 9001: 2008

Republic of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING III. Underlying Issues The conflicting policy mandates
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING III. Underlying Issues The conflicting policy mandates
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING III. Underlying Issues The conflicting policy mandates

III. Underlying Issues

The conflicting policy mandates created by Forestry and ancestral land

uses has been linked with increasingly inappropriate land uses inside the

watershed. Land allocations regimes are have been challenged by the persistent

claim of IPs against the Industrial Forest Management Agreement (IFMA) of M&S

Company. Conflicting legal interpretation and land use policies has encouraged

land squatting between tenured migrants and IPs, including the encroachment of

DOLE Phil.

Deforestation is a recurring scene, with the cutting trees for fuelwood and

cultivation for subsistence farming. This has also resulted to serious disturbance

to the MMPL Malungon side faunal habitat.

IV. Governing Policies and Regulations

The 1,965 shectare watershed is covered by Presidential Proclamation

No. 552 dated March 20, 1995 which proclaimed the Mt. Matutum as protected

landscape.

Classified

as

timberland,

cover

35,987

hectares

while

78,586

hectares remain as unclassified public forest. Out of the total area, 22,996

hectares is classified as A&D lands. The IPRA law applies to certain areas with

84,128 hectares proclaimed as CADC areas under CADC No. 060 for B’laan and

CADC No. 059 for Tagakaolo /Kalagan tribe. Other tenure allocation include, 500

hectares under Forestland Grazing Management Agreement (FLGMA) No. 543

ISO 9001: 2008
ISO 9001: 2008

Republic of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING of Tomas Alcantara and 729.57 hectares under CBFMA awarded
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING of Tomas Alcantara and 729.57 hectares under CBFMA awarded
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING of Tomas Alcantara and 729.57 hectares under CBFMA awarded

of Tomas Alcantara and 729.57 hectares under CBFMA awarded to B’laan

Farmers Cooperative and Kibala Farmers Cooperative

4.1 Local Watershed Network Initiative

The watershed network succeeded in laying the groundwork for the

Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between the DENR-SMICZMP and the

Provincial LGUs of South Cotabato and Sarangani Province in integrating the

management of Mt. Matutum Watershed and Sarangani Bay to ensure the

sustainable development of the two ecosystems. It also framed the MOU with

DENR-SMICZMP

and

LGU

Alabel

in

the

protection,

conservation

and

management of the coastal and marine resources of Sarangani. (Resolution No.

200-124). The network is instrumental in failing the preparation of Cluster

Watershed Management Plans and the Buayan River Watershed plan

by

Southern Mindanao Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project (SMICZMP).

A key input in the planning initiative is the characterization of the Buayan River

Watershed which provided an understanding of the geophysical, biophysical

constraints and potential characteristics of the basin). The network also helped

facilitate the formulation of the Comprehensive Solid Waste Management of

Alabel (E.O No. 1998-12).

Through the capacity building support of the newrwork, LGU Alabel SB

Resolution No. 2006-076 adopting the Integrated Watershed Management Plan

of Buayan River Watershed. LGU Malungon Ordinance No. 36, Series of 1974

ISO 9001: 2008
ISO 9001: 2008

Republic of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING regulating and control of industrial and other waste in
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING regulating and control of industrial and other waste in
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING regulating and control of industrial and other waste in

regulating and control of industrial and other waste in the body of water. It also

brokered the agreement between Municipal/Provincial LGUs with the Upland

Development Program (UDP) and provided the staging ground for the IEC on the

Septage Treatment Facility (STF), Green and Blue component projects of

SMICZMP

4.2 Persistent Challenges and Opportunities

The most pressing challenge that the network has to address is the active

resolution

of

prevailing

land

conflicts/claims.

It

has

to

continue

providing

institutional oversight in helping clarify legal and technical issues. To strengthen

its

stakeholder

constituency

the

network

is

poised

to

push

for

the

institutionalization of management structures of BRBW. It aims to create the

needed organizational clout through a cascading network vertically integrated of

Provincial and Municipal Water Resource Management Councils that will oversee

on the ground activities of the proposed Multi-Sectoral Monitoring and Evaluation

Task Force.

ISO 9001: 2008
ISO 9001: 2008

Republic of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING V. Impact of Watershed A watershed can be defined
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING V. Impact of Watershed A watershed can be defined
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING V. Impact of Watershed A watershed can be defined

V. Impact of Watershed

A watershed can be defined as an area of land that drains down slope

until it reaches a common point. "Watershed" is synonymous with other terms

you may have heard such as "drainage basin" and "catchment area." Perhaps a

simpler way of defining a watershed is by saying that it is an area of land where

all of the water that falls in it ends up in the same place. All precipitation that falls

within a watershed, but is not used by existing vegetation, will ultimately seek the

lowest points. These low points are bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, and

finally the ocean. This means that every stream, brook, tributary, and river that

we see will eventually reach a larger body of water within its associated

watershed. Even groundwater that we cannot see moves towards a common low

point. One way to picture it is as a giant funnel that catches and directs all of the

water that falls into it towards the bottom. On a topographical map, a watershed

can be determined by connecting all of the points of highest elevation around a

lake.

Everyone lives in a watershed. No matter where we live we will always be

part of a watershed. Major watersheds span across county, state and national

boundaries. It doesn't matter if the lake is in your front yard or miles away.

Pollution

anywhere

within

the

watershed

has

the

waterbodies located downstream from it.

potential

to

affect

all

ISO 9001: 2008
ISO 9001: 2008

Republic of the Philippines CAMARINES SUR POLYTECHNIC COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Watersheds are extremely important. Watersheds provide many
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Watersheds are extremely important. Watersheds provide many
COLLEGES Nabua, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Watersheds are extremely important. Watersheds provide many

Watersheds are extremely important. Watersheds provide many of us with

our drinking water supply, plus recreational opportunities and aesthetic beauty.

Unfortunately, the replacement of vegetation by impervious surfaces like roads,

parking lots and rooftops has a negative impact on watersheds. This increases

the velocity and amount of runoff flowing into surface waters and causes erosion,

turbidity and degraded wildlife habitats. Not only that, but this runoff carries

pollutants such as oil, bacteria, nutrients, sediment and metals into surface

waters along with it. Forested areas play a very important role in the health of a

watershed. The plant cover and leaf litter absorb moisture and help maintain soil

structure, while root masses keep soil permeable and stable so moisture can

move into it for storage. This is more desirable, because it allows water to be

filtered and released slowly into the stream system rather than rapidly running

overland.

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