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Cursive script 'd' and capital 'D'

D
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
D (named dee /di/
[1]
) is the fourth letter of the basic modern Latin
alphabet.
Contents
1 History
2 Usage
3 Related letters and other similar characters
4 Computing codes
5 Other representations
6 References
7 External links
History
Egyptian hieroglyph
door
Phoenician
daleth
Greek
Delta
Etruscan
D
Roman
D
The Semitic letter Dlet may have developed from the logogram for a fish or a door. There are various Egyptian
hieroglyphs that might have inspired this. In Semitic, Ancient Greek and Latin, the letter represented /d/; in the
Etruscan alphabet the letter was superfluous but still retained (see letter B). The equivalent Greek letter is Delta,
''.
The minuscule (lower-case) form of 'd' consists of a loop and a tall vertical stroke. It developed by gradual
variations on the majuscule (capital) form. In handwriting, it was common to start the arc to the left of the
vertical stroke, resulting in a serif at the top of the arc. This serif was extended while the rest of the letter was
reduced, resulting in an angled stroke and loop. The angled stroke slowly developed into a vertical stroke.
Usage
In nearly all languages that use the Latin alphabet and the International Phonetic Alphabet 'd' represents the
voiced alveolar or voiced dental plosive /d/, but in the Vietnamese alphabet, it represents the sound /z/ (or /j/ in
southern dialects). In Fijian it represents a prenasalized stop /nd/.
[2]
In some languages where voiceless
unaspirated stops contrast with voiceless aspirated stops, 'd' represents an unaspirated /t/, while 't' represents an
aspirated /t/. Examples of such languages include Icelandic, Scottish Gaelic, Navajo, Estonian and the Pinyin
transliteration of Mandarin.
The symbol "D" is used for 500 in Roman numerals.
The letter D, standing for
"Deutschland", i.e. Germany in
German, on a boundary stone at the
border between Austria and Germany.
Related letters and other similar characters
: Latin letter D with stroke
: Latin letter D with hook
: Latin letter Eth
: Greek letter Delta
: Cyrillic letter De
: Hebrew letter Dalet
: the partial derivative symbol,
Computing codes
Character
D d
Unicode name
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER
D
LATIN SMALL LETTER
D
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 68 U+0044 100 U+0064
UTF-8 68 44 100 64
Numeric character
reference
D D d d
EBCDIC family 196 C4 132 84
ASCII
1
68 44 100 64
1
Also for encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of
encodings.
Other representations
NATO phonetic Morse code
Delta
Signal flag
Flag semaphore
Braille
dots-145
In British Sign Language (BSL), the letter 'd' is indicated by signing with the right hand held with the index and
thumb extended and slightly curved, and the tip of the thumb and finger held against the extended index of the
left hand.
References
^ "D" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the
English Language, Unabridged (1993); "dee", op. cit.
1.
^ Lynch, John (1998). Pacific languages: an introduction (http://books.google.com/books?id=zYfV1jN3whUC&
pg=PA97&dq=d+fijian+prenasalized#v=onepage&q=d%20fijian%20prenasalized&f=false). University of Hawaii
Press. p. 97. ISBN 0-8248-1898-9.
2.
External links
Media related to D at Wikimedia Commons
The dictionary definition of D at Wiktionary
The dictionary definition of d at Wiktionary
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=D&oldid=610190655"
Categories: ISO basic Latin letters
This page was last modified on 26 May 2014 at 11:08.
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