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Adult Bible Study Guide

Apr May Jun 2014


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Adult Sabbath School Bible Study Guide
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Christ and His Law
Lesson 11, June 14
The Apostles and the
Law
The Apostles and the Law
Key Text
Romans 7:12 NKJV
THEREFORE THE law is holy, and
the commandment is holy and just
and good.
The Apostles and the Law
Initial Words
WITH SO much evidence for the
continued validity of Gods law, why
do so many Christians argue against
it?
This week well look at the attitude of
Christs apostles concerning the law,
because surely if it were to have been
nullified or modified after Christs
death, the apostles would have
known something about it.
The Apostles and the Law
Quick Look
1. Apostle Paul and the Law
(Romans 3:31; 6:15; 7:7)
2. Disciples Peter and John
and the Law
(2 Peter 3:1, 2)
3. Brothers James and Jude
and the Law
(James 2:7-9)
The Apostles and the Law
1. Apostle Paul and the Law
Romans 3:31; 6:15; 7:7 NKJV
DO WE then make void the law
through faith? Certainly not! On the
contrary, we establish the law.
What then? Shall we sin because we
are not under law but under grace?
Certainly not!
What shall we say then? Is the law
sin? Certainly not!
1. Apostle Paul and the Law
Contradicting Himself?
FOR THOSE who dont understand the
concept of justification by faith, Paul
may seem to be contradicting
himself.
In the same breath he claims that
the Christian is not under the law;
yet, the same Christian is obligated
to keep the law.
1. Apostle Paul and the Law
Contradicting Himself?
The problem is solved when we
remember that God demands
righteousness from those who claim
to be in relationship with Him.
The standard of righteousness is His
law. However, when people measure
up against His law, they fall short and
are therefore condemned by the law.
1. Apostle Paul and the Law
Contradicting Himself?
If the law were the means to
salvation, then none would have any
hope of eternal life.
The hope of the Christian is not
found in the law but in Jesus Christ,
who not only kept the law perfectly
but through Gods miraculous power
allows believers to share in His
righteousness (Rom. 8:3, 4).
1. Apostle Paul and the Law
Contradicting Himself?
The Christian can now serve the law
of God with a free conscience
because Christ has taken away the
laws condemnation (Rom. 7:25
8:2).
The grace that comes through Christ
does not release us from the law but
rather compels us to obey it.
The Apostles and the Law
2. Disciples Peter and James and the Law
2 Peter 3:1, 2 NKJV
BELOVED I now write to you this
second epistlethat you may be
mindful of the words which were
spoken before by the holy prophets,

and of the commandment of us the
apostles of the Lord and Savior.
2. Disciples Peter and James and the Law
Chief Spokesperson
PETER WAS one of Jesus closest
apostles. Peter received specific
instructions regarding the ministry
of Christ. When the first group of
believers gathered on the day of
Pentecost, Peter was the chief
spokesperson. Certainly, if the law
had been changed in any way, Peter
would have known.
2. Disciples Peter and James and the Law
Chief Spokesperson
Acts 10:914 tell us about Peters
adherence to the Jewish law after
Jesus ascension.
If Peter thought this way about laws
concerning food, what can we
imagine his view was on the
perpetuity of the Ten
Commandments?
2. Disciples Peter and James and the Law
Chief Spokesperson
Peter received his vision several years
after the ascension of Jesus. As a
result of the disciples preaching,
thousands of Jews had already
accepted Jesus as the Messiah.
There is nothing in the biblical record
to suggest that the content of the
Christian message included
instructions to reject the law.
Like Peter, John was among the first
disciples Jesus chose, and he also had
a special relationship with Jesus. He is
often referred to as John the
beloved. John knew a lot of personal
information about Jesus.
Surely one who was as close to Jesus
as John would have known if Jesus
had set aside Gods law.
2. Disciples Peter and James and the Law
The Beloved
When John reminds Christians of
their obligation to God, he uses the
same language of love and unity that
Jesus does. John understood that love
has always been the essence of the
law. A person cannot claim to be
keeping the law if he or she is not
involved in loving relationships with
God and other people.
2. Disciples Peter and James and the Law
The Beloved
The Apostles and the Law
3. Brothers James and Jude and the Law
James 2:8-10 NKJV
IF YOU really fulfill the royal law
according to the Scriptureyou do
well; but if you show partiality, you
commit sin, and are convicted by the
law as transgressors.
For whoever shall keep the whole
law, and yet stumble in one point, he
is guilty of all.
3. Brothers James and Jude and the Law
Paul VS James
SOME ARGUE that James and Paul are
opposed to each other regarding the
role of the law.
Paul declares that we are saved by
grace through faith apart from works
(Eph. 2:8, 9), while James
emphasizes that faith without
works is dead (James 2:26, NKJV).
3. Brothers James and Jude and the Law
Paul VS James
Like Paul in Romans 13:9, James fully
understands that the essence of
Gods law is love (James 2:8).
No one can truly claim to keep Gods
commandments if he or she does
not demonstrate practical acts of
love.
3. Brothers James and Jude and the Law
Jude 4
For certain menwho long ago
were marked out for this condem-
nation,who turn the grace of God
into lewdness and deny the only Lord
God and our Lord Jesus Christ.
The very mention of grace demands
the existence of law, because grace
would not be necessary if there were
no sin (Rom. 5:186:15).
3. Brothers James and Jude and the Law
Jude 4
Jude makes it very clear that people
can, indeed, fall away, and those
who do will face judgment.
All who claim to have faith must be
willing to express that faith through
an obedient life.
The Apostles and the Law
Final Words
OUR LORD declared that he would
love most to whom most was
forgiven; and he only will feel that he
needs forgiveness who sees himself
as he is, defiled by sin, a transgressor
of Gods holy law.
Signs of the Times, August 5, 1886.

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