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Sanskrit Quotes : Category :: Accomplishment

English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:



Everyday the sun travels to the end of endless sky in a single wheeled chariot having seven
horses controlled by serpents on an unsupported road with a charioteer having disabled foot. The
actions of great people are accomplished by their inner strength, not by the means of doing it.

English Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 4:09 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote for Andrey Kuzeev - Lena Andrianova








English translation of Sanskrit Quote:
One should not regret the past.
One should not worry about the future.
Wise men act by the present time.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 10:44 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quotes : Category :: Company of Good Men






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English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

It removes the lethargy of the intellect, sprinkles (invests) truth in the speech, enhances the
greatness and casts off sin,it clarifies the mind and spreads the fame all around;tell me what the
company of the high-souled persons does not provide the man?

English Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

As far as I know, no other Literature in the world has accorded the wisdom the level of literature.
Most of the languages categorize the words of wisdom under morality. That way Sanskrit
literature is unique in the sense it has taken the Subhashithas to a new height and thereby grown
unbelievably. Some of the Subhashithas are pure gems of wisdom as well as pearls of poetry.


Here the poet Bharthrihari in his work "Neethishathaka" talks of the company of high-souled
persons. Indians have always provided a very high place to a good company - no denying the
hereditary its due place too. The verses on the vitues of good company have their fair share in the
Subhashitha literature.

The poet lauds its achievement as follows. Countless are the virtues of a good company. The
dullness of intellect one accrues due to bad company is undone in the first place and it is no
mean achievement by itself. A habitual liar finds himself speaking the truth much to his own
amazement. The total stature of a man reaches new heights as it adds greatness to it. It lessens
the negativity of the personality as the amount of sin is drastically reduced. This leads to the
clarity and happiness of the mind. The fame reaches far and wide. So there is an all-round
improvement of one's personality. The question at the end is in fact, a positive assertion that
every conceivable good thing can be achieved by a good company. It remembers me the saying
"Tell me who your friends are and I will tell you what kind of person you are."
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 8:09 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quotes : Category :: Features of Wise Man






English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

He comprehends quickly and hears patiently. He understands things at hand and acts accordingly
and not according to his sweet will; he does not meddle with others' business unless asked to.
This is the prime feature of a wise person.



English Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

This is a stanza taken from the Epic Mahabharatha. This forms an advice offered to he blind
King Dhritharashtra by his own brother Vidura. Dhritharashtra shared a strange relationship with
his brother Vidura. Most of the times Dhritharashtra bore it in mind that Vidura was not the royal
blood. It repelled him to think that Vidura was his brother. He hated this to the core. But
whenever he was in doubt or in trouble, he never flinched to ask Vidura's help and praise him for
his mature advises. It was a kind of love-hate relationship. Here Vidura enumerates the salient
features of a Wise man.

A wise man is one who understands things quickly. His comprehension is fast and he has an
unending patience to listen to others. This forms the basis of his wisdom. Most of us never
bother to listen. Listening is a great virtue, but it is lacking in most of us. Listening and
comprehension form a successful duo. Skills of comprehension are sharpened by patient
listening and it leads us to the right decision. A wise man also embarks on a work; he
understands it threadbare and then forms a strategy which guides him towards successful
completion. He does not depend on his compulsions. Another great virtue enumerated here is
remaining aloof from meddling into others affairs unless asked to help. We harm others
interests most of the times intending to help. A meddlesome person is the most unwelcome
among us. Combined, these features are said to be indicative of a wise man.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 9:07 AM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category :: Aims of life





English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Contentment is the highest gain,
Good Company the highest course,
Enquiry the highest wisdom,
and Peace the highest enjoyment.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 10:09 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category :: High-Souled



English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

High-souled persons have only two states like that of a bunch of flowers; either they have to be
on top of the whole world or they should wither away.

English Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

This couplet from the 'Neethishathakam' of Bharthrihari, extols the virtues of those who are self-
respecting. Self respecting persons have only two place to adorn; either top or attain a nameless
state. They simply don't fit in every places. They carve out a niche for themselves. Otherwise
they simply vanish from this world without making much ado. It is simply not in their blood to
make compromises.
The poet rightly likens them to a bunch of flowers. They should either remain on top of
someone's head, keeping themselves high, apart from adorning the head that bears it. They don't
settle for a lesser state. If they cannot attain this envious state, they prefer simply to wilt away in
a forest shrub, unnoticed by anyone.
This is said as and advice for those who, without aware of their high-status, make compromises
for all and sundry gains. It is really not worthy of their status. Look at the beauty of the simile the
poet has chosen; simple yet potent
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 8:51 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category :: Wandering mind



English Translation of the quote:

Why do you wander, 'O' mind, rest somewhere. The natural course of thing to happen cannot be
altered. It is bound to happen. Therefore enjoy the pleasures, whose arrival and departure cannot
be ascertained, without remembering the past and without expecting the future.


English commentary on Sanskrit quote:

I really don't know why i am so impressed by Bharthrihari's quotes!! -I wonder sometimes. But
answers are not far to seek. Perhaps i am impressed by two great minds thinking alike. I am
amazed by how close is Bharthrihari to the Buddha when he says this.
The greatest finding of the Buddha according to me is the explanation of the structure and
functioning of the mind beyond any shred of doubt. The negativity we acquire from our
childhood days without our knowledge lead us astray. The mind fools us by shuttling back and
forth in time. We either suffer in our mind regretting about what happened in the past or craving
for some pleasant thing to happen in future. This determines how we behave in the present
according to the predetermined mindset. This creates a vicious circle and we act blindly, but
unknowingly.
While the Buddha speaks in philosophical terms, Bharthrihari speaks common parlance. What
the Buddha realized through Insight-meditation, Bharthrihari seems to have realized through the
experience of suffering in life.
In the guise of addressing the mind, Bharthrihari seems to address himself. The mind is weary
wandering constantly with lightning speed. The body suffers untold miseries because of this. So
he suggests that the mind should stop wandering and rest somewhere. Since unknowing of the
mind's deeds we act with predetermined mindset. Everything seems predetermined because of
this. There is no use struggling to mend what is to come. So it is the safe bet to accept gracefully
what comes in our life without opposing. So Bharthrihari seems to suggest that we should neither
worry about our past nor crave for the future. For a lay person past has changed, and the future is
yet to come. So it is futile to resist the present. So why not welcome the present, in whatever way
it presents itself before us?
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 11:15 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category :: Association of learned men
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English translation of Sanskrit quote :

When I had little knowledge, I had become blind by pride like an elephant (during rut). Then my
mind was proud , thinking that I am an omniscient. As and when I realized bit by bit in the
association of wise men, my pride waned like a fever, as I came to know that I was a fool,
actually.

English commentary on Sanskrit quote:

This couplet by Bhirthrihari the celebrated author of 'Shatakatrayi', in fact summarizes what is
said in Sanskrit ": " [little knowledge, great pride.]

We all have it in us, in varying degrees: Vanity of knowledge. For those who have a little bit of
outspokenness in them, there is realization sooner or later. This is narration of realization on the
part of the author, which is not different from our own stories of realization.
Possession of a bit of knowledge makes a man proud of his knowledge, by nature. This short
term "elation" makes him blind to the reality about himself. He sees a large than life portrait of
himself. This is likened to the behavior of an elephant in rut, when it disobeys its own leader and
wanders off.

Of course, this is a short ride of the ego and lasts till his realization. The association of the
learned men which comes like a boon to everyone, is enough to pin his inflated balloon of ego. A
little bit of realization is enough for him to know what is amiss. Once there is realization, it does
not take long of us to know the fact about us. The more we gain knowledge wise, it should make
us realize our own shortcomings and make us humble and meek. Standing at the periphery of the
vast ocean of Knowledge man's vanity vanishes. That is what is said in another couplet "
"-Education is what should humble us. If it doesn't, it is not worth the exalted
name "Education"
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 8:38 AM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote for Pratik Adhikari

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English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

(The demon king) Bali was vanquished due to his excessive charitable nature.
King Duryodhana was humbled for his excessive pride.
(Demon Emperor) Ravana was destroyed due to excessive womanising.
Hence one should shun excessiveness in all things.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 12:17 PM 0 comments
Saskrit Quote : Category :: Speech


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English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Prosperity resides on the tip of the tongue, friends are found there on it. The tip of your tongue
has the capacity to arrest you and verily death resides on it for sure.

English Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

We use the facilities provided in our body so casually and in a matter of fact manner, that we are
sometimes rudely shocked to see the opposite of what we expect. Man has the ability to make or
mar his own future. He succeeds in making it when he uses it cleverly, knowing the limits. When
he uses it indiscriminately he reaps the negative results.

There is a Kannada saying " , " - which means
there is no quarrel on the part of a man who knows his speech and one who knows his limit in
meals has no diseases.

There are thousands of successful men who are making a fortune using their speech. We win
friends based on our speech. On the negative side of the picture- an acidic and venomous tongue
can cause sufficient damage to a person. Men who wag their tongue sometimes land in jail. We
have read in newspapers so frequently that a casual and unguarded speech has killed many.

The tongue is like a sword- a sword can kill a human as well as cut a fruit. It is in our hands to
use it wisely. A controlled and guarded speech is like Alladin's lamp - a wish-yielding thing
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 10:20 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote Translation for Sachin Advait - Prasaad



English Translation of Sanskrit Quote :

There is no letter which doesn't have charm (curative property).
There is no root which doesn't have medicinal property.
There is no man who is not able.
Rare is a person who knows its proper application.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 6:56 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category :: Self-Respect

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English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

'O' my friend, Chataka, listen to me for a while attentively. There are so many clouds in the sky,
but all are not alike. Some of them soak the earth with showers, but some others rumble in futile.
Don't say pathetic words whoever you meet.

English Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

I have spoken of a variety of Subhashitas called 'Anyokti' elsewhere. It is a verse which is
addressed to someone, while it is intended for someone else. This is so when the person
addressed to is very sensitive and might feel hurt easily. So it is a way of getting the message
across cleverly.

Chataka is an imaginary bird conceived by the Sanskrit poets. It is said that a Chataka is peculiar
in the sense that it drinks water directly from the clouds whenever it is thirsty. Once the rainy
season is over, it hopefully looks at the clouds with the intention of getting the much needed
water, as it does not drink from the reservoirs situated on the earth, however thirsty it might be.
Doing so it begs all the passing clouds whether black or white.

The person to whom this message is intended is a self-respecting and high-ranking scholar, who
is trying to get a patron for himself. He intends to read out his scholarly poetic composition to a
king, expecting in return that he might be richly rewarded in return. But the king is not at all
benevolent as the poet imagines. Just as not all the clouds yield showers, not all the kings are
benevolent. Now, the poet needs to be advised not to expect anything from this stingy king,
without hurting his tender self-respecting feelings. This is the background of this verse which
instructs us not to belittle ourselves.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 9:57 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category :: Love a many splendoured feeling



English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

The extremely fortunate men obtain the male (daring) attitude of the lotus eyed women, as
characterized by swaying breasts, disheveled hair and a perspiring face sporting a gentle smile.


English Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

Many a time i have encountered such arguments that Indians lack, when it comes to Sex- in spite
of such all-time favorites like Kamasutra and other works and those revealing temple
architectures. Sex has its due place in an Indian's life- neither too exalting, nor denigrating. The
line of demarcation between Love and Sex is so thin, it is hardly observed one transforming as
the other. Personally I feel that there is nothing like exclusive feelings pertaining to love and sex.
Sex is when it is raw and lacks finesse. Just as with body and mind- one transforming as the
other, so it is with love and sex. Love in its ecstasy needs contact- touch. Sex, when it matures,
can manifest in finest of the feelings. The all-time favorite play "Abhijnana Shakunthalam" of
Kalidasa is all about the raw bodily arousal maturing into sharing, caring, sacrificing feeling,
outdoing the craving for touch and contact.

In personal life, as in Poetic compositions Indian men have portrayed women as gentle, bashful
beings, never demanding, never showing their delight. I was just wondering as to how can one be
so insensitive when it comes to tender feelings of a partner in love. While it is always the man
who approaches or proposes, any such advances on the part of a woman was treated as brash,
uncultured, and edging on obscenity. I was happily surprised when I came across this verse,
which shows a different trend. Perhaps such mentality or feeling never got reflected in the
mainstream Sanskrit literature. Here the poets feels that only an extremely lucky man gets such a
bold and dashing woman as the one described here. It admits openly that women too can have
their feelings and they can flaunt them too. Swaying breasts, unkempt hair, perspiring face and a
smiling face isn't taboo anymore, but it is a welcome mark. It is a welcome attitudinal change
which started early.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 6:12 PM 1 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category :: Reasoning with a fool

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English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

One should crush the sands forcibly and extract oil;a thirsty person should drink water from a
mirage; wandering ceaselessly, obtain a hare's horn; but one should never try to reason with a
fool who is characterized by stubbornness."

English Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

One or the other time in our life, we seem to meet a person whom we call a fool. Dealing with a
fool can drive you to the height of exasperation. It seems to be next to impossible. Reasoning
could work wonders when done with a man of left with even a little discrimination. He who is
not left with an iota of reason, he who is unwilling to listen to the other person is better left for
himself. It would be a futile exercise to convince him.

Trying to reason with a fool seems to the poet to be as impossible as these tasks listed above. We
know that sands lack oil content in them and so no amount of effort can extract oil from them.
Mirage is an illusion. Likewise, horns of a hare is a non entity. All these tasks seem easy when it
comes to convincing a fool who is characterized by stubbornness.

I don't agree with some who interpret this verse as an advice of hard work. It is a tactic of the
poet to drive home the point that working with a fool is futile. I think it is another way of putting
the plain statement -

-meaning there is no medicine to cure foolish persons


since foolishness is characterised by an incurable stubbornness.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 6:49 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category :: Rigors of Studenthood



English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

A disciple attains prominence by carrying out the orders of his preceptors, given with the
intention of illuminating his intellect- however harsh they might be. Even though a a gem found
in a mine might be precious, it needs to undergo the rigors of a grindstone, before it adorns the
crown of monarchs.

English Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

Modern child-psychologists have proclaimed "Spare the rod and spoil the child", which is widely
being put in to practice. However Indian thinkers had a different interpretation. Personally I think
both represent two extreme views. No one would undermine the necessity of instilling discipline
in the minds of youngsters when they are still still students, learning. If the western thinkers are
for giving them unbridled freedom at such a young age, their Indian counterparts seem to think
differently. It is interesting to note that we are apeing the west without stopping to think if it fits
in our setup.

Here, the poet is aggrandizing the plus points of a bit of disciplining the students at young age.
He argues that it is for his benefit that he has to be chastised. That would, in future, brings him a
lot of glory. The simile is that of an uncut diamond which has to be polished before it adorns the
crown of monarchs. Diamond has an innate value even at a crude, uncut and unpolished stage. It
won't in any way make it inferior and useless. But the grind which the stone has to undergo
before it is considered, makes a stone a diamond.

We have seen that disciplined students have reached such heights of glory which is to be envied
by anyone, be it in any field. I am enamored of the beauty of this simile which brings out the
intention of the poet so clearly and effortlessly.

I wish parents abroad and home will not miss the purport of this stanza and its importance.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 6:38 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category :: Positive things in negativity



English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Elixir of life is to be accepted even if comes from poison, a piece of gold is to be accepted even
from impure. A good conduct is to be learnt even from an enemy and a good lady is to be
accepted even from a bad community.

Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

This couplet teaches us to accept good things in life, even from unexpected quarters. We, due to
our negativities picked up from our childhood, categorize things with clear demarcation as good
and bad, beautiful and ugly, useful and useless, wanted and unwanted and so forth. Whereas our
experience teaches us that we should not make such vertical splits, we are mostly guided by our
acquired negativity. Most of the times we never stop to think if we are making the right choices
in our life.

It is a known fact that a serpent-venom can kill humans and animals. We also know that anti-
venom serum is extracted from the snake venom. Gold is a precious metal, valued since
thousands of years throughout the world for its sheen and it ductility and malleability when a bit
of copper is mixed with it. Golden ornaments are an inseparable world of women. So when a
golden ornament falls in a toilet pit, it is not to be ignored. No one cares where it had fallen, once
it is taken from the unclean place. Likewise, we must appreciate a good quality or righteousness
found even among those who hate us. Whereas we can, and are, following the first two, are we
ready for this? We never accept this precept for its value.

The last one is the acceptance of a virtuous woman without caring for her birth and nobility or
otherwise. An indian plagued by the caste system never goes beyond the narrow consideration of
marriage alliance within his own caste. We have instances of parents disowning their children,
when they married outside the caste, much against the wishes of their parents. But this ancient
wisdom is much against such inhuman practice. It has humanised our society to the extent many
parents are seeing the futility of demanding that their children marry within their caste and
religion. Economic independence coupled with ancient wisdom has really set the stage for
reformation. Let us welcome it.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 1:24 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category :: Goodness in bad men
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English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Just as a few drops of water falling on a red hot iron ball disappear (not seen) in a matter of
seconds, so also the a few good qualities entering the heart of a villain's heart.

Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

As I said elsewhere, it is not that a good man is totally good and a bad man is entirely bad. Good
and bad things linger in everyone's heart. It is only a wise man who controls the bad in him and
exposes the good in him. This couplet taken from the Sharngadharapaddhati from Sharngadhara,
explains that in order to matter, good qualities are to be in a considerable measure. Otherwise the
goodness of a good guesture is lost. Goodness has to overpower the bad elements in us. Without
our knowledge, we pose such a nasty face to the society and still lament that no one recognizes
our good. Good people can see through the bad intentions of a man as if through a crystal ball.

Simile happens to be one of the most ancient of the figures of speech. Poets have churned out
hundreds of figures of speech in Sanskrit literature. Many of them seem contrived. But the power
of Simile seems undying. It is the simplicity that lends such a grace and power to it. That is why
the uncrowned monarch of Sanskrit literature, Kalidasa excels and revels in it.

Here, in this couplet, the author compares the hearts filled with bad things to a red hot iron ball.
The moment a few water drops fall on it, the water drops evaporate so quickly that one hardly
notices any traces of it.

The message is loud and clear. If you want to be a good man, bath yourself in goodness, so the
goodness far outweighs the badness in you. That is the only way to purge the unwanted elements
in our heart. Either the heat overpowers the coolness of a few drops of water, or the coolness and
plentifulness of water cools the iron.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 3:27 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category - Gluttony and Garrulousness

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English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Know your limitations "O, tongue, regarding speech and eating . Garrulousness and gluttony can
cause instantaneous death.

Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

This is a special kind of Subhashita. This is called an 'Anyokti' or a couplet containing a message
addressed to someone whom it is not intended. The sensitivity of the poets shown in addressing
the messages is really amazing. We have myriad kinds of people and none of them are the same
when it comes to categorising them according to their menatal makeup. When it comes to
instructing someone, each needs a different kind of approach. If someone needs to be addressed
to directly, someone else might just want a slight hint.

This is addressed to a 'Tongue' on the fore. But it is really intended to be conveyed to a person
who is both glutton and garrulous. But a sensitive person might feel hurt deeply when told so.
Our poets were in a sense, "Masters of Mind."
Most of us don't understand the value of talk, silence and less-speech. Most of the times what we
speak is sheer rubbish and useless. The core of our intention would be lost in the jungle of
expression. Most of us would be better-off silent.

Both garrulousness and gluttony can assume dangerous proportions so as to cause death. Limit in
eating is also a very good habit. Strangely tongue is involved in both. We would do well to keep
the limits in both respects. I am amazed at the likeness of the ideas expressed by poets belonging
to different times and locations. The same idea is expressed in a Kannada saying "
, ." meaning - One who knows the limit of eating never suffers
a disease and he who knows the limits of speech never picks up a quarrel.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 10:53 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category Love- Disappointment- Heartburn


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English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

"She - of whom i am constantly thinking, has no love towards me. She loves another person and
he is interested in another woman. Some other lady is longing for me. Fie her, him, the Cupid,
that lady and me too."

Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

This couplet is taken from the Shatakatraya of Bhirthrihari. Simplicity is the hallmark of
Bhirthrihari's verses. How straightforward is the purport!! This couplet is all about love and
mutuality. We have heard about many cornered love, but we have heard more of many cornered
disappointment.

Without any exception, all of us have heard the saying " Love is blind"- meaning Love is a
sublime feeling which has no parochial considerations. It transgresses all barriers like that of
geographical boundaries, languages, castes, creed, skin-color, economic disparity, culture and
religion. The young world loves to believe in it in a trice, but the big message to be read between
the lines,goes almost unnoticed. Love unnoticed ends in a life-time bond. This deserves serious
consideration and deliberation. But the "feel-good factor" clouds our faculty of thinking and we
hardly stop to think about it. Everything else just "happens" at first sight, paving the way for the
marriage to go to dogs.

When indulging in love we hardly care to think if the other person is also in love with us. We
take it for granted, as we are too selfish to think of that angle. Whether we think of it or not,
mutuality is the basis of love. Love endures when it is mutual and mature. Here in this couplet
we see a string of disappointed lovers. Each case of love is one-sided and lack mutuality. The
resultant heartburn is negative in nature and it makes a person a cynic.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 9:50 AM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category Self-Control







English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Irrigators direct the water,Fletchers fashion the shaft, Carpenters bend the wood,
The wise control themselves.

Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:-

This time I have sought to translate a pali couplet taken from "Dhammapada". Dhammapada is
said to be a compilation of the Buddha's words spoken on various occasions. I am always moved
by the simplicity of the language of the Buddha. He concerned himself with the wellbeing of the
masses. Always simple and direct in his teachings, he addresses, both your intellect and your
heart. The heart seems to converse with this sage who left us thousands of year ago. No one has
ever spoken so clearly, succinctly and directly as Him.

Just look at this simple but potent message for example. The mere juxtaposition of the last line
with the other three simple ones in the above couplet, makes it all the more significant and
forceful.

It is the profession of the irrigators to see that the water flows in the right direction for the
farmers to do cultivation. In the same way the duty of the fletchers is to shape arrows, so they
shoot easily and pierces the target successfully. The carpenters are the ones who can bend the
wood as they like to fashion furniture. Likewise, the Buddha says it is the work of a wise man to
control himself.

Humans behave as if they are programmed to perform. They are conditioned to act in a certain
way like the robots. Unless they observe themselves and know the truth about the world, they are
bound to suffer untold miseries infinitely. In his view, controlling oneself is the highest
achievement that can adorn a human being. An unawakened man is a bundle of negativities.
These negativities replicate themselves at the first opportunity that presents itself.

It is the Buddha's crowning glory that he not only awakened himself, but paved the way for the
liberation (Nibbana) of millions and millions of souls bound by the laws of karma. He perfected
the "Insight meditation" or "Vipassana" and through the lineage of ordained monks, made it
freely available for whosoever wishes to be liberated.

Through the couplet mentioned above, the Buddha means to say that for a wise man, controlling
himself must be a prime concern and not a hobby. Taking refuge in the triad of Jewels, the
Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha is the first step in the right direction.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 10:34 AM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category Fall in morality - Satire

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English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:-

"Tell me, O Brahmin, who is the lofty person in this city. "It's the clump of Palm trees." "Who is
the philanthropist?". It's the washer man who collects (soiled) clothes in the morning and delivers
them at night". " Is there a skilled man?" " Yes of course, everyone is skilled in the art of
snatching other man's wife and riches." And pray, how do you live?" " I live by the maxim of the
"Poisonous Bacteria".

Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:-
This is an ironical way of depicting the falling moral standards among all and specifically among
the city dwellers. A stranger comes to a city and approaches a Brahmin to gather vital
information about the city. He himself is a Brahmin and wants to know about the noble, the
philanthropist, and the expert persons of that city. See how cleverly the man answers that the
stranger should not entertain hopes of living in that city. Why???

The city-dweller suggests that there are no lofty or noble souls in that city to pin his hopes on.
The only lofty (physically) things are a cluster of Palm trees.

The next question is, Is there any philanthropist in the city? The Brahmin replies, "Unfortunately
no. The only donor we have is the washer man. He collects the soiled clothes of his customers in
the morning and promptly "Donates" (delivers) them during night.

Next the stranger asks him if there's anyone who is adept in (Brahminical) Practices. The
resident replies, "Yes, almost all the residents are skilled- but only in the art of snatching things
from others- their money and wives."

Lastly the stranger asks "Being a Brahmin, how does he make a living in a cursed city like that?"

The very prompt reply is that he is no different from others. He follows the dictum " Be a Roman
while in Rome." "

" is the maxim of the "Poisonous Bacteria" which states that the
Bacteria in the poison cannot be different from the poison and they are not affected by the
poison.

What a skillful way of conveying things!!!!! Hats off to the author, whoever he is.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 9:06 AM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category Money

:

English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:-

Friends, sons, wives and those who are favorable to us, forsake a poor man. They approach him
again with his economic glory regained. Verily, money is a man's well-wisher.

Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

Modernity is Money ruling the roost. International markets crashing to a dismal low, makes an
Indian read a subhashitha or two for an insight into the behavior of money. Controlled, money is
your humble slave, let loose, it is a bull in a china-shop.

This makes me think of the good old days when we had barter system. People's needs were
limited. It was a two-way check- lack of transacting capacity limited our needs to a healthy low
level. Our limited needs kept the money-monkey at bay. Now that we have let loose the
Frankenstein's monster called money, we are worried like hell about our financial future.

The poet here says, all relations are money based and not blood-based. It is the money that
makes or mars the relationships like friends, sons and wives. The capacity of a man to generate
money and spend it on his nearest and dearest ones decides how stronger the familial bonds
would be. With money coming in and going out, the relatives and friends come and go too.

It does not need an economist to proclaim the economic truth. Even an ascetic like
Shankaracharya who rarely indulged in such activity spoke truth with pristine clarity. He said in
his "Bhaja Govinda Stotra"

:



"Till the moment you are fit to earn money, your family is in love with you. Later when you are
feeble and weak, no one enquires even your wellbeing. What a revelation!!!!

What do our Old-age homes tell us? Just think it over.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 8:39 AM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Category Good Speech



English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:-

Spewing dirty, harsh speech, the wicked, torture much, like an arresting iron chain. The good, on
the other hand, captivate the mind at each step,by their nice (sweet) speech like bejeweled
anklets."

Commentaryon Sanskrit Quote:

This time, it is about good and bad speech from Banabhatta. This is taken from "Kadambari".
This seems so obvious and oft-written, but going by the way it is taken for granted, the purport is
usually missed. We hardly stop to think about our daily speech and its consequences, before it is
uttered. There is a proverb in kannada to this effect- " ,
." a speech is done when it is uttered and a pearl is spoiled when it is broken- they can
never be the same.
Restraint over thought and speech is something hard to come by. Everything happens in MIND
as the Buddha says, before it is translated into deeds. Tongues wag as if by force of habit. A little
restraint goes a long way in setting a salutary mood around. The quality of being taciturn or
silent is for the same reason extolled very much in every literature. They say "Silence is Gold".
Our speech reveals so much about us- our mood and mindset, our upbringing and our culture, our
education and tolerance-level. It is interesting to note the simile Banabhatta uses to denote harsh
and healing speech. The harsh and unwelcome speech is like an iron chain which can taint by
rust. It also gives out an unmusical clang when it is shaken. We speak such harsh words, most of
the times it makes a deep dent in the mind of the hearer. It also transfers the dirt of thought to
another person just as an iron chain showers rust.
A person with his sweet disposition and healing words is comparable to a bejeweled anklet with
its musical and timid -jingling sound. It pleases and attracts, creating an ambience of friendship
and love. You ask for more of it.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 6:57 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Help and Thankfulness
:







English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

The Coconut trees,remembering the little amount of water they were fed, when they were
saplings, carry loads of coconuts on their top and supply humans with very-tasty and sweet water
in abundance, for their life-span.
The Wise never forget a help received.

Commentary:

Our life itself is a blessing. Everyday we receive umpteen, unseen blessings in various forms. An
ordinary man feels good when the blessing he gets is good enough to be perceived by him. Most
of the blessings go un-thanked, for we do not know whom to thank, for what we received. Even
while thanking someone for something our selfish motive will be working behind to see that we
do not thank more than we think we got. Most of the favors we receive, we think, are too small
to be thanked. This is narrow-mindedness.

Indian minds- Sanskrit writers in particular, derived a lesson for life to be learnt from whatever
they saw. Nature was their biggest teacher. Trees, flowers, rivers, mountains, clouds, animals and
birds are but a few of the lengthy list from whom they saw goodness to learn from. Sometimes
the lesson was negative, but most of the times they were positive. It is a great virtue one could
learn from Sanskrit writers. Thankfulness is a great virtue. A heartfelt thanks for whatever favors
received drags us a bit away from the domain of meanness.
Here, in this couplet, the Coconut tree represents a Good man. Man waters fruit and flower-
bearing trees for his selfish needs. As they attain maturity, the trees never depend on him for
their needs. It is the time for repayment- and that too how??? Compared with what they give us
till we are alive and furthermore, the service rendered by man to them seems so trifle. That is
why the sanskrit writers call the Coconut trees a 'Kalpavriksha' or a 'Wish-yielding' tree. Imagine
in how many ways the Coconut trees serve us and you will never look at them with the same
narrow outlook.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 8:58 AM 4 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Balance of Mind



English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

" A wise-man accepts (both) the good and the bad. He appreciates the former by a nod of his
head and resticts the latter in his throat, just as Lord shiva adorned his head with the crescent
moon and restricted the poison in his throat."

Commentary:

As the puranic allusion goes, when the Gods and Demons churned the mythological Milky
Ocean, many good and bad things emerged from it. There was this moon who was very much in
demand because of his salutary rays. There also emerged fuming poison "" (Halahala),
whose vapours swooned those who were in the vicinity. Both the Gods and demons abandoned
the churning and ran for their lives. No one except Ishwara was left to claim it for himself. We
see the crescent moon on the crest of Lord Shiva. He allotted a lofty place for the moon. Though
he accepted even the poison "Halahala" he gave it a place it deserved. He restricted it in his
throat and never allowed it to pass down to his stomach.


We get a lot of good and bad things in our lives, depending upon the good and bad decisions we
make. The fruits of our actions are compulsory for us to accept. We have no choice, other than to
accept them. But the human tendency is to reject what we don't like and crave for what we like.
This makes our life miserable. There is a way, by which we can neutralize the bad we get, even
as we keep it. The technique is to allot it a place where it is least harmful.


We have a tendency to yell at others when they speak something unsavory. Bad speech is a
veritable poison which we should not allow to affect us. We are helpless to entertain bad
thoughts when we are in a lousy mood. At least we can check ourselves, so that words of abuse
are never uttered. The negativity in our thoughts is the source of all bad thoughts and deeds.


It is equally important, how we make use of a little amount of good in us. It should be given a
prominent position so it gets due consideration. This way, we can successfully avoid craving and
hatred for things as they happen in our life and have a balanced view which is so rare to find but
so precious for a healthy life.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 8:42 AM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Fate

:

English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

" Nothing fructifies beforehand-neither the form, nor the family background, not even one's
virtues, nor even the education, not also the painstaking service rendered to the community. It is
the fortune of a person accrued by the performance of penance that yields fruits in due course,
like the tree which yields fruits when it is time."

Commentary:

This couplet exemplifies the typical Indian mentality. The indian mentality is all-bearing. It takes
to suffering as a swan takes to waters. This is the underlying factor behind the typical Indian
patience which is so obviously absent among peoples of other cultures. We believe that nothing
good or bad ever happens however much one craves for it to happen. Everything has a time-
frame, after which no one can undo what fate has in store for us. It also says that in order for the
good fortune to fructify, one needs to have the background of good deeds which amounts to
doing penance.


People from the west wonder how an Indian patiently tolerates adverse things like Corruption,
Poverty, Nepotism, Bad Governance, Spate, Drought, Attacks from vandals, Epidemics and what
not?

This couplet answers such queries. In a sense, such thoughts have shaped our national psyche.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 12:19 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote : Good Poem







English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

" A good poetic composition is not taken in ( lit: does not enter the throat of) by a wicked man
just as the nectar did not get down the throat of ( Rahu) the enemy of the Sun". A literary-
connoisseur sports the same on his chest (keeps it close to his heart) just as Lord Vishnu keeps
sports the purest of the gems Kausthubha on his chest"

Commentary:

This sloka occurs in Banabhatta's 'Kadambari'. Banabhatta is a brightest star in the horizon of
Sanskrit literature. He is an uncrowned monarch in the field of Sanskrit prose-literature. His
celebrated work "" goes down in the history of Sanskrit literature as unsurpassed in
beauty and scholarship. Here, in one of his shlokas, which precede his Kadmabari, he dwells on
the idea of a poetic composition being either accepted or rejected, depending on the literary
background of a person.

A good literary composition, in order to be appreciated, presupposes a good number of
Connoisseurs of literary art. Otherwise, it is an act in futility. Those who are not acquainted with
the the basics of literary appreciation fail to grasp the core of the work. We find a puranic
allusion here, where it is described that the "wicked planet" Rahu had his throat cut off when he
tried to gobble up the nectar which emerged upon the churning of the "Milky Ocean". It simply
means that he wasn't yet ready for the appreciation of a new thing.

On the other hand,there are those, who are fully equipped and qualified for the occasion- those
who have read, appreciated and composed literary compositions of various types themselves.
Lord Vishnu sports the purest gem called Kausthubha on this chest, close to this heart. This is
indicative of the fact that good literary works are always treasured by cultured people.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 1:20 AM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote for Raj Kumar K



English translation of Sanskrit Quote:

A fool is worshipped at his home.
A chief is worshipped in his town.
A king is worshipped in his kigdom.
A knowledgable person is worshipped everywhere.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 9:38 PM 1 comments
Sanskrit Quote for Jenny Cao


posted by Kiran Paranjape at 9:53 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote for Dimple Shah

:

English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Not all that is old, is good;
Not all that is new, is bad;
After examining wise men know the difference;
Dull-witted are lead by somebody else's intelligence.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 4:10 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote for Someswara Rao Irrinki



English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Not the donation of land, Not the donation of gold,
Not the donation of cows, Not even the donation of food,
Donation of water is called greatest of all donations in this world.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 9:45 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote Category: Fame



English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Break the pots.
Tear the clothes.
Ride a donkey.
By whatever means possible, a man should become famous.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 11:39 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote Translation for Devangi Chopra



English translation of Sanskrit quote:

Where women are worshipped, goddesses dwell.
Where they are not worshipped, all actions are fruitless.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 12:15 AM 3 comments
Sanskrit Quote for Manoj Sharma



English translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Of a person who has no money & a little intellect,
all his actions get destroyed like a small river in summer.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 11:28 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote for Atmaram Hattiangadi



English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:
It cannot be stolen by a thief.
It cannot taken away by a King.
It cannot be divided among brothers.
It does not cause load. It always increses when spent.
The wealth of knowledge is the greatest of all wealths.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 2:34 PM 1 comments
Sanskrit Quote Category: Mind




English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Even when instigated by others,
the mind of a pious person never hesitates (to take the right decision).
It is not possible to heat the water of ocean by a torch of dried grass.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 2:57 PM 5 comments
Sanskrit Quote Category: Virtues

: :

:


English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

With virtuous persons, virtues remain virtues. On reaching a non-virtuous person, they become
faults. (Just like) a river flowing with sweet water, becomes salty on reaching ocean.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 4:41 PM 1 comments
Sanskrit Quote Category: Precaution





English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

The effect of disasters should be thought of beforehand (i.e. before they actually occur.) It is not
appropriate to start digging a well when the house is ablaze with fire.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 7:18 PM 1 comments
Sanskrit Quote requested by Mr. L.N. Gupta, New York




English Translation of Sanskrit Quote

Oh God, give me other hundreds of sorrows as you wish. I will bear them. But don't write my
destiny to recite a poem to an uninterested person. Never! Never!! Never!!!
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 3:14 PM 3 comments
Sanskrit Quote requested by Anita Becker, Canada





English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

A person who passes his day without donations and enjoyments is like a blacksmith's bellows, he
breathes but does not live.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 4:51 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote for Sanjay Datt Category: Efforts
Sanskrit Quote:

:

:

English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Work gets completed by efforts, not by thinking only.
Deer do not enter into the mouth of sleeping lion.
(He has to actively hunt them.)
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 10:37 PM 2 comments
Sanskrit Quote Category: Virtues



English Translation of Sanskrit Quote:

Of kind hearted people, (their) ear glows by (the knowledge) heard (by the ear) & not by the ear
ring (worn on ear), (their) hand glows by the donation (given) by the hand & not by bracelet
(worn on wrist), their body glows by the selfless deeds done (by them to others) & not by
(anointment with) sandalwood (oil).

Commentary on Sanskrit Quote:

This is a Sanskrit quote which emphasizes the real ornaments of the human body. The author
has described the various virtues verses physical embellishments. It gives us a message to
cultivate these virtues within ourselves. Generally, the physical ornaments that we wear to adorn
the body wear out with time. As opposed to this, with advancing age the mind matures. A
matured mind cultivates more virtues. Hence, with time these virtuous ornaments do not wear
out unlike the physical ornaments. To develop these virtues one has to develop his mind &
elevate ones conscious to a higher level. Only an elevated soul can realize the omnipresent
power of the god, the creative energy of this universe. With this comes the realization that all
living creatures are merely the reflections of a unique source of energy that we call god & hence
all are one & same. Hence when an elevated soul does service to somebody else he is taking
himself to the higher goal of self realization. Try & see through the meaning of this quote.
De-attach yourself from this mundane world of physical beings & elevate yourself to a world
of eternal bliss & happiness.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 10:23 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote Category: Humanity
:



English Translation of Sanskrit quote:

This is mine or (somebody) elses (is the way) narrow minded people count. But for broad
minded people, (whole) earth is (like their) family.

Commentary:

Having abroad outlook towards the problem at hand, allows one to perceive every perspective of
the problem in totality. Many a time a problem presents to us in one way but the actual root
cause of the problem is something else. If you treat the problem at its face value, you will get the
quick result, but often it is a short term gain. The actual problem may recur again at some time in
future. Treating the actual root cause of the problem may prove be a tedious process. It involves
a lot of investigational research which may consume both time & money. But it is preferable to
have a one time cost of solving the problem than to incur the small cost of solving the problem
every time it recurs. By cost I dont mean just money. Money, time, productivity & even
companys or somebody elses reputation may be at stake. But while finding the solution, it is
recommended that you do it once & for all. There is another perpective to this which in the
business world, management gurus have already realized. Think global, Act local is the
mantra of todays techno-savvy age. This is especially true in the field of business finance. Every
move of the financial strategy reflects on to the changing scenario of global financial market. If
you want to strengthen your financial position you should do so in accordance with the global
practices. You are looking towards a global market in coming future. Arent you?
So do I already see you making a new years resolution to imbibe this principle of Sanskrit quote
in your business expansion plan?
Bon Voyage! Wish you a very happy & prosperous new year of 2006!
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 8:23 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote Category: Good Sanskrit Quotes



Sanskrit Quote
Category: Good Sanskrit Quotes

English Translation of Sanskrit quote:

Looking at the flavor of subhashitas (good sanskrit quotes), grape turned pale, sugar turned into
crystals & the nectar (honey) ran away to heaven.

Commentary on Sanskrit quote:

This is how the writers of Sanskrit literature have described the sweetness of good Sanskrit
quotes. To emphasize on this, the author has given three striking (though imaginary) examples of
the sweetest things we come across. Grapes used to think they are the sweetest thing, but on
encountering sweeter flavor of Sanskrit quotes, they turned black with shame. The sugar was so
spell bound with the flavor of Sanskrit quotes that it stood stand still with astonishment & turned
cold into crystals. The nectar was so scared of the flavor of Sanskrit quotes that it ran away to
heaven. Such is the sweetness of Sanskrit quotes & such is the importance of wisdom contained
therein. They act as a path setting example of how a good quote can stimulate a depressed man
into activity, of how they lift the morale of an unhappy lost soul & convert him into a happier
person. They teach us to look at the world around us from a broader perspective & at a new
angle. Happy Living!
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 5:18 PM 3 comments
Sanskrit Quote Category: Caliber of a Man

:

:

:

:

:

English Translation of Sanskrit quote:

Those who do not start the work (at all) fearing the obstacles are (called) men of low caliber.
Those who start the work but stop on encountering obstacles are (called) men of medium caliber.
Those who even after being destroyed again & again by obstacles do not leave the work once
started are (called) men of high caliber.

Commentary on Sanskrit quote:

On this particular day a middle aged respectable looking gentleman came to my office. As an
orthopedic surgeon by profession, I was to teach him physiotherapeutic spinal exercises for his
low backache. He was symptomatically relieved of his backache but looked worried. I offered to
help him for his mental agitation. He was working as a senior project management professional
in human resource department of one of the corporate multinational company. He was given to
select the junior staff of three persons from a short listed ten candidates. He had interviewed all
the ten candidates & found them all equally able intellectually. I told him to run a search on their
past performance & voila. There came the solution. Out of ten, five had left previous
company because they thought they were given the job which was out of their capability. Three
had started the projects but were told to give charge to somebody else on being unable to
negotiate with their clients successfully. Only two of them were found to have completed all the
projects allotted to them in spite of ever changing work conditions. No prizes here for guessing
whom the manager selected to be his junior staff members. And me????? I got the manager of
that corporate multinational company as my client for ever. P. S. I hope you have somebody
from the human resource department who can benefit from this Sanskrit quote & the above
stated experience. You seeTop level business secrets are not given away like this everyday.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 10:36 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote Category: Wealth
:

: :

English Translation of Sanskrit quote:

One should not act suddenly (without judgment). Bad judgment is the seat of greatest disasters.
Liking the virtue (of good judgment) wealth, itself, takes (goes) to them who think & act.

Commentary on Sanskrit quote:

I certainly remember the big bullish share market a few years ago. Anybody who knew even a bit
about the share markets & stock prizes was commenting authoritatively about uptrend share
market had & how much money they should invest to benefit best from it. Those who were in a
hurry to cash in on their profits indiscriminately invested in the stocks, bonds & securities only
to know of their ill fates as the stock markets crashed a few days later. A few wise men had gone
to the stock market & financial investment analyst & were told that this is only a bloated market
& not a real uptrend. They restrained from investing in stock markets & probably invested in
some other type of financial investment & got assured returns on their investment. Those who
had acted hurriedly had nothing left with them. There goes the English saying Let the bubbles
settle before you take the cup of tea. So if one wants to prosper one should have a
discriminating mind which tells him what is good & what is bad for him & his business. Only
with the ability to take right decision at the right time can one get along the path of success. So
use your judgment properly & to the best of your ability.
posted by Kiran Paranjape at 4:15 PM 0 comments
Sanskrit Quote Category: Knowledge


English Translation of Sanskrit quotation:
Here (in this world), there is nothing as pure(sublime) as knowldge.

Commentary on Sanksrit quotation:
An old English saying has it "Fear arises from ignorance, Knowledge is power." The word
knowledge has deeper meaning here. It means the true knowledge of the world. Adwait
philosophy in the vedas says it is the Chaitanya ,the productive power of the universe, which is
ageless. Everything else is temporary & perishable. One has to understand that the physical body
is "born" & "dies" but not the soul. When a person reaches this level of consciousness through
rigorous meditation, his fears about the worldly matters disappear & he becomes fearless
knowing that his soul is imperishable & is one with god. This true knowledge serves as a guiding
star in the journey of life.







What is stated by cores of volumes, I shall present by half a stanza - 'doing good to others is for
merit and causing pain to others is for sin.'

-- --
:

:

udyamenaiva sidhyanti karyaaNi na manorathaiH
na hi suptasya simhasya pravisanti mukhe mRRigaaH

Only with industry and effort are works done. Animals never themselve enter lion's mouth.

-- --
:



ayam nijaH paro veti gaNanaa laghuchetasaam
udaaracharitaam tu vasudhaiva kutumbakam

He is mine and he is other, is the thought that narrow minded people have. For noble people,
entire world is family.

-- --





What harm can Kalipurusa do to him whose heart is full of kindness, whose speech is adorned
with truth and whose body is for the good of others.

-- --





No one knows what will happen tomorrow. So, wise people do today what should be done
tomorrow.

-- --




A student learns a quarter from teacher, a quarter from own intelligence, a quarter from fellow
students, and the rest in course of time.

-- --




If one does good to those who do good, what merit is one's goodness? It is only who does good
to even those who do harm to him, is called a saint.

-- --




Trees stand in sun and give shade to others. Their fruits are also for others. Similarly good
people go through all hardships for welfare of others.

-- --




The body is drooping, the head is grey-haired, the mouth has no teeth, growing old, the man
moves with a staff. Yet the knot of desire has not been loosened.

-- --




Those who are the slaves of 'desire' are slaves of the entire world. But world itself is the slave of
those to whom 'desire' is a slave.

-- --




With each drop of water the pitcher gradually gets filled. Similarly knowledge, merit and wealth
are acquired.

-- --




A good person never gives up his nature even when he is caught in calamity. Camphor caught
with fire emits more frgrance.

-- --




The ignorant start only petty works and become agitated. The wise start great deeds with
discretion and never get agitated.

-- --




While churning the ocen fornectar, Gods were not pleased with gems secured from ocean. Nor
did they entertain fear when they secured the terrible poison. They churned the ocean until they
got nectar. Thus persons with determination do not swerve from their goal.

-- --




'Courage in adversity, patience in prosperity, oratory in assembly, bravery in battle, full of
interest in fame, attachment to knowledge, all these are naturally found in the great persons.'

-- --




If the rich have a mind to give money, it is indeed a merit. If the generous persons have enough
money, it is also a merit. What to do? Wealth and generosity do not go together! It is an ironical
fact.

-- --




Squeezing with efforts one can get oil from sand. A thirsty person may drink water from the
mirage. Sometimes while wandering one may find the horns of hare. But it is impossible to
please the minds of determined fools.

-- --






The sun causes the lotus to bloom. The moon on his own makes the lily to bloom. The cloud too,
without being asked, gives water. Great souls are always taking the initiatives to do good to
others.

-- --





Knowing a little, I got blind with pride like an elephant. Then I got proud thinking myself
omniscient. When I learnt bit by bit from the learned and realised that I am ignorant, the pride
subsided like fever.

-- --






Wards off sin; prompts for good deed, conceals the secret; reveals the merits; does not leave (the
friend) in distress; renders help in crisis - these the wise say, are characteristics of a good friend.

-- --





Old age frightens man like a tiger. Deseases strike the body like enemies. Life-time is dripping
down as water from a broken pot. Yet people think of harming others. They do not realise that
they are transitory. This is indeed a matter of wonder.

-- --




It is not an assembly where there are no elders. They are not elders if they do not teach Dharma.
It is not Dharma if it does not contain truth. It is not truth at all if it is charged with decite.

-- --





Lions which feed on the flesh of wild animals do not eat grass when badly haungry. Similarly
persons of noble origin do not follow bad paths when they are overpowered by adversity.

-- --




Defects turn into virtues when they come from the good persons. Virtues turn into defects when
they come from wicked. This is not an occasion to be surprised. The great cloud drinks salty
water and makes rain water sweet. The serpent drinks milk, but emits intolerable poison.

-- --




Cruelity, unprovoked opposition, lust of other's wealth and wife, and envy of good men and
relations; these are natural with the wicked.

-- --




Though adorned with learning a wicked man should be avoided. Is not a serpent dangerous,
though it is bedecked with jewel?

-- --




Dullness is attributed to a modest man; hypocrisy to one who has a liking for religious
observances; roguery to one who leads a life of sanctity; cruelty to a warrior; want of
discrimination to one devoted to meditation; meanness to one who speaks agreeably; arrogance
to a spirited man; garrulity to an orator; and imbecility to a steady man. What virtue is there then
that is not stigmatised by the wicked?

-- --




If greed is part of a man's character, why should he need other bad qualities; if there is
wickedness, why want sins; if truthfulness why need religious austerities; if there is purity of
why should he go one a pilgrimage? If he has goodness of heart why should he want relatives? If
he has reputation, ornaments are superflous. If he possessess learning, what need he care for
wealth; if he has a bad name why should he need death?

-- --






The duty of service is most difficult to be understood; it is beyond the understanding of even
sages; (for a servant is called), is called dumb if he is silent! (if he is) ready with answer, he is
talkative or garrulous; if he stands near, he is impident; and if he keeps at a distance, he is timid;
if he bears patiently, he is a coward; if he can not brook (harash words, insults), he is generally
considered unmannerly.