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BAHAN PROGRAM INTERVENSI

PPSMI 2007 UNTUK MURID


TINGKATAN LIMA
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
MINIMUM SYLLABUS REQUIREMENT
1.FUNCTIONS:
Express the relation between the following pairs of sets in the form of arrow diagram,
ordered pair and graph.
Arrow diagram Ordered pair Graph
a ) Set A =
{
Kelantan, Perak ,
Selangor
}
Set =
{
Shah Alam ,
Kota har! ,"poh
}
#elation$ % &it' of the
state in (ala'sia %
b )Set A =
{
triangle,re)tangle,
pentagon
}
Set =
{
*,+,,
}
#elation $ % -!mber of
Sides.
/etermine domain , )odomain , ob0e)t, image and range of relation.
1. /iagram 1 shows the relation between set P and set 2.

a. /omain =
{
333333333333333
}

b. &odomain =
{
333333333333333
}

). Ob0e)t =33333333
d. "mage =33333333
e. #ange =3333333...
f. Ordered Pairs = 333333333333
&lassif'ing the t'pes of relations
*
4
54
,
+
*
6
Set P
Set 2
/iagram 1
5* 1
1
State the t'pe of the following relations
a)
33333333333333333..
b )
3333333333333333.
))
33333333333333333..
d)
33333333333333333
2.QUADRATIC EQUATIONS:
A. TO EXPRESS A GIVEN QUADRATIC EQUATION IN GENERAL FORM
x
+
17
4
4
x
*7
+
7
*
4
+
6
+
6
Prime
5*
5*
x
*
4
+
54
6
5*
E8en
x 9
x
9
4
:'pe of n!mber
a
2
! " ! # $ 0
Ea%&'( 1
.x
4
= ,x ; 6
.x
4
; ,x < 6 = =
&ompare with the general form
ax
4
< bx ; ) = =
:h!s, a = 1, b = 5, and ) = 6
Ea%&'( 2
+x =
x
x x 4
4

+x>x) = x
4
; 4x
+x
4
5 x
4
; 4x = =
*x
4
; 4x = =
&ompare with the general form
:h!s, a = *, b = 5 4 and ) = =
E()#*+(+
Express the following e?!ation in general form and state the 8al!es of a, b and )
1. *x =
x 4
,

.4. >4x < ,) =
x
@

*. x> x < + ) = * .+. >x ; 1)>x < 4) = *

,.
x
+
=
x
x

+
,
* 7. x
4
< px = 4x 5 7
@. px >4 ; x) = x ; +m A. >4x ; 1)>x < +) = k>x ; 1) < *
6. >@ ; 4x < *x
4
) =
*
1 + x
1=. @x ; 1 =
x
x x 4
4

B. FORMING QUADRATIC EQUATIONS FROM GIVEN ROOTS


Example 1
* , 4

x = * , x = 4
x 5 * = = , x54 = =
>x5*)>x54)==
x
4
; ,x < 7 = =
Example 4
1, 5 *
x = 1 , x = 5*
x ; 1 = = , x < * = =
>x ; 1 ) > x < * ) = =
x
4
< 4x ; * = =
a) + , 5@
b)
4 ,
*
1
))

*
1
,
4
1
d)

,
1
,
*
4
e) + , =
,. QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS: INEQUALITIES
Ea%&'(
Bind the range of 8al!es of x for whi)h = 1, 4
4
> x x
Solution
= 1, 4
4
> x x
Cet ( ) 1, 4
4
= x x x f
=
( )( ) , * + x x
Dhen
( ) = = x f
( )( ) = , * = + x x
* = x or ,
Bor = 1, 4
4
> x x
, > x or * < x
* ( ) = < x f
,
-.SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS: EXPRESS ONE UNKNO.N IN TERM OF
THE OTHER UNKNO.N
G/*0a1#( Ea%&'(
1 Arrange the linear e?!ation s!)h that
one of the two !nknowns be)omes the
s!b0e)t of the e?!ation.
>a8oid fra)tion if possible)
x < 4' = 1
x =
4 S!bstit!te the new e?!ation from step 1
into the non5linear e?!ation . Simplif'
and express in the form
ax
4
< bx < ) = =.
> )
4
< +'
4
= 1*
= =
* Sol8e the ?!adrati) e?!ation b'
fa)torisation, )ompleting the s?!are or
b' !sing the form!la
>4' ; *)> ) = =,
' =
4
*
or
+ S!bstit!te the 8al!es of the !nknown
obtained in step * into the linear
e?!ation.
Dhen ' =
4
*
,
x = 1 ; 4> ) =
Dhen ' = ,
x =
2.INDICES AND LOGARITHM: INDICES
Examples Exer)ises
Sol8e ea)h of the following e?!ations
1. *
*x
= A1
*
*x
= *
+
*x = +
x =
*
+
1. 6
x
= 4@
15x
4. 4
x
. +
x<1
= 7+
4
x
. 4
4 >x<1)
= 4
7
x < 4x < 4 = 7
*x = +
x =
*
+
4. +
x
. A
x 51
= +
*. = 17 A
1
=
+ x x
( ) ( ) = 4 4
1
+ *
=
+ x x
( ) ( )
1
+ *
4 4
+
=
x x
+ + *
4 4
+
=
x x
*x = +x < +

x = 5 +
*. ,
x
5 4,
x<1
= =
3.COORDINATE GEOMETRY
Examples Sol!tion
1. /etermine whether the straight lines
4' ; x = , and x ; 4' = * are parallel.

4' ; x = ,,
' =
,
4
1
+ x
,
4
1
1
= m
x ; 4' = *
' =
*
4
1
x
,
4
1
4
= m
Sin)e
4 1
m m = , therefore the straight lines 4' ; x = ,
and x ; 4' = * are parallel.
4. Gi8en that the straight lines +x < p' = ,
and 4x ; ,' ; 7 = = are parallel, find the
8al!e of p.
Step1$ /etermine the gradients of both straight
lines.
+x < p' = ,
' =
p
x
p
, +
+
,
p
m
+
1
=
4x ; ,' ; 7 = =
' =
*
4
,
+ x
,
4
,
4
= m
Step 4$ &ompare the gradient of both straight lines.
Gi8en both straight lines are parallel, hen)e

4 1
m m =

,
4 +
=
p
p = 51=
*. Bind the e?!ation of the straight line
whi)h passes thro!gh the point P>5*, 7)
and is parallel to the straight line
+x ; 4' < 1 = =.
+x ; 4' < 1 = =, ' = 4x <
4
1
.
:h!s, the gradient of the line, m = 4.
:herefore, the e?!ation of the line passing thro!gh
P>5*, 7) and parallel to the line +x ; 4' < 1 = = is
' 5 7 = 4 >x 5 5*)
' = 4x < 14.
Examples Sol!tion
1. /etermine whether the straight lines
*' ; x ; 4 = = and ' < *x < + = = are
perpendi)!lar.
*' ; x ; 4 = =
' =
*
4
*
1
+ x
,
*
1
1
= m
' < *x < + = =
'= ; *x ; +, *
4
= m
) * >
*
1
4 1
= m m
= 51.
Een)e, both straight lines are perpendi)!lar.
Examples Sol!tion
4. Bind the e?!ation of the straight line
whi)h is perpendi)!lar to the straight
line x < 4' ; 7 = = and passes thro!gh
the point >*, 5+).
x < 4' ; 7 = =
' =
*
4
1
+ x
,
4
1
1
= m
Cet the gradient of the straight line whi)h is
perpendi)!lar =
4
m

4
4
1
m

= 51

4
m =
:he e?!ation of the straight line
=
' =
7.STATISTICS
:he n!mber of 8ehi)les that pass b' a toll plaFa from 1 p.m to 4 p.m. for 7=
)onse)!ti8e da's is shown in the table below.
Number of vehicles Number of
days
,6 ,=
+
76 7=
1=
@6 @=
4+
A6 A=
17
66 6=
7
&al)!late the %(0*a1 of the n!mber of )ars !sing form!la.
S4'/5*41 :
Number of
vehicles
Number of days
(f)
Cumulative
frequency
,6 ,=
+ +
76 7=
1= 61-7
@6 @=
62-7 *A
A6 A=
17 > )
66 6=
7 > )
Step 1 $ (edian )lass is gi8en b' =
*=
4
7=
4
T T T
n
= =
:herefore, the median )lass is
@6 @=
Step 2 $ (edian =
c
f
F
n
L
m

+
4
= >GGG)

+
4+
1+
4
7=
> GG )
= @7.1@

L = lower boundary of the median
class = 38.2
n =
F = cumulative frequency before the
median class = 1-
f
m
= frequency of the median class
=2-
c = size of the median class
= upper boundary lower
boundary
= !"#$ %"#$
= 1=
Median lies in this
interval
:o estimate the mode !sing a histogram
(odal )lass =
@6 @=

>))
Class boundary Number of days
(frequency)
+6., H ,6., +
1=
4+
17
7
>)) :he histogram is shown below


-8.2 28.2 38.2 78.2 98.2 88.2 N/%"() 4: ;(<*#'(+

M40( $ 73
F)(=/(1#>
2
10
12
20
22
9.CIRCULAR MEASURE
Convert Measurements in radians to degrees and vice versa.
Convert the following angles in radians to degrees and minutes.
a. 1., rad b. =.7* rad
).
rad
4

d.
rad
4
*
Convert the following angles to radians.
a. ,=
=
b. 14+.*
=
). @4
=
*,. d. 4A,
=
41.
Arc Length of a circle
Find the length of arc.
1.
=., rad
A )m
2
P
O
4.
1,4
7.+ )m
O

A
Complete the table below by finding the values of , r or s.
r s
1. 1., rad 6 )m
4. 1+ )m *= )m
*. 4.*** rad *, )m
Complete the table below, given the areas and the radii of the sectors and
angles subtended.

4
4
1
r A= , is in radians
Area of se)tor #adi!s Angle s!btended
1. *A.14 )m ,=
=
4. 6= )m
4
6.1, )m
*. @4 )m
4
=1.7+ rad
+. 1A

)m
4
7., )m
,. 4== )m
4
1.@@A rad
7. 1+, )m
4
A )m
8.DIFFERENTIATION:

1. ' = 1=

dx
dy
=

4. ' =
,
x

dx
dy
=
*. f >x) = 54
*
x
f (x)=
+. ' =
x
@


dx
dy
=
,.
*
*
1
) >
x
x f =
f (x)=
7. x x y + =
4
+

dx
dy
=
@.
=

+ x
x
x
dx
d
,
1
4
4
4

=
=
dx
dy
x x y ) 4 * >
6. Gi8en x x y + *
4
= , find the 8al!e of
dx
dy
when x =4.
1=. Gi8en ( )
4
1 ) > x x x f + = , find the 8al!e
of
). 1 > I and ) = > I f f
11.INDEX NUMBER
Always change
a fractional
function to the
negative index
efore finding
differentiation
A.
:he table shows the pri)e of * t'pes of goods$ A, and & in the 'ear 4==, and 4==7.
:'pes of good Pri)e Pri)e index in 4==7
>ase 'ear = 4==,)
4==, 4==7
A #( 1.4= #( 1.7= F
x #( 4.*= 11=
& #( =.7= ' 1=4
Bind the 8al!e of x, ' and F
&al)!late the )omposite index for ea)h of the following data
"ndex n!mber, " 14= 11= 1=,
Deightage, D * + *
1.PROGRESSIONS
1. Bind the 6
th
term of the arithmeti)
progression.
4. Bind the
11
th
term of the arithmeti)
progression.
4, , , A , 3..
Sol!tion$
a = 4
d = ,54=*

6
4 >6 1)* T = +
= GGGGGGG

,
*, , 4,........
4
*. Bor the arithmeti) progression
=.@, 4.1 , *.,, 3.. ,find the ,
th
term .

+. Bind the
th
n term of the arithmeti)
progression

1
+, 7 , 6,.....
4
,. Bind the @
th
term of the geometri)
progression.
5 A, + , 54 , 3..
S4'/5*41:
a = 5 A r =
A
+

=
4
1

:
@
= >5A)>
4
1

)
@51
=
A
1

7. Bind the A
th
term of the geometri)
progression.
17, 5A, +,3
@. Bor the geometri) progression

6
+
,
*
4
, 1 , 3.. ,find the 6
th
term .

A. Bind the *
th
term of the geometri)
progression
,=, +=, *433.
F*10 5<( +/% 54 *1:*1*5> 4: ?(4%(5)*# &)4?)(++*41+

1
a
!
r

s!m to infinit'
a = first term
r = )ommon ratio
!

=
Bind the s!m to infinit' of a gi8en
geomertri) progression below$
Ea%&'(:
4 4
7, 4, , ,.......
* 6

a = 7

4 1
7 *
r

= =
1
7
=
1
15 5
*
6
=
4
a
!
r




1. 4+, *.7, =.,+, 33.
4. A1, 54@,6, 33..
*.
1 1 1
, , ,.......
4 + A
..
J example on re)!rring de)imals
2.LINEAR LA.
STEPS TO PLOT A STRAIGHT LINE

Ksing a graph paper.
QUESTION
SOLUTION
x 4 * + , 7
' 4 6 4= *, ,+
:he abo8e table shows the experimental 8al!es of two 8ariables, x
and '. "t is know that x and ' are related b' the e?!ation
' = px
4
< ?x
a) /raw the line of best fit for
x
y
against x
a) Brom 'o!r graph, find,
i) p
ii) ?
:able
"dentif' L and 9 from part >a)
&onstr!)t a table
Bollow the s)ale gi8en.
Cabel both axes
Cine of best fit
/etermine $ gradient
; m
L5inter)ept )
-on5 linear


STEP 1
' = px
4
< ?x

x
y
=
x
px
4
<
x
"x


x
y
= px < ?

L = m9 < )
-ote $ Bor tea)her.s referen)e

STEP 2
x 4 * + , 7
' 4 6 4= *, ,+
x
y
1 * , @ 6
STEP ,
#ed!)e the non5linear
:o the linear form
:he e?!ation is di8ided thro!gho!t b' x
:o )reate a )onstant that is free from x
On the right5hand side i.e, ?
Cinear form
L = m9 < )
)onstr!)t table
Ksing graph paper,
- &hoose a s!itable s)ale so that the graph
drawn is as big as possible.
- Cabel both axis
- Plot the graph of L against 9 and draw
the line of best fit

x
y
14

1=
x
A

x
7

x
+

x
4
x

4 * + , 7
x
5 4
5 +
1

,.INTEGRATION
STEP -
Gradient , p =
4 7
1 6

= 4

'5 inter)ept = ?= 5*
Brom the graph,
find p and ?

&onstr!)t a right5angled triangle,
So that two 8erti)es are on the line
of best fit, )al)!late the gradient, p
/etermine the '5inter)ept, ?
from the straight line graph
1. Gi8en that
4
1
> ) * f x dx =

and
4
*
> ) @ f x dx =

. Bind
>a) [ ]
4
1
the 8al!e of k if > ) A #x f x dx =

>b) [ ]
*
1
, > ) 1 f x dx

Answer $ >a) k =
44
*
>b) +A
4. Gi8en that
+
=
> ) * f x dx =

and
+
=
> ) , g x dx =

. Bind
>a)
+ =
= +
> ) > ) f x dx g x dx

>b) [ ]
+
=
* > ) > ) f x g x dx

Answer$ >a) ; 1,
>b) +
-.VECTOR
VECTOR IN THE CARTESIAN COORDINATES
1. State the following 8e)tor in terms in
M
i
and
M
$
and also in &artesian )oordinates

Example Sol!tions
M
4
4
=
%A i


= =


M
=
*
*
%& $


= =


M
M
* +
*

+
%' p i $

= = +

=


Exer)ise Sol!tions
>a)
%'

= >b)
%(

=
>))
%)

=
>d)
%!

=
>e)
%T

=
>f)
%*

=
M
$
,
+
*
4
1
, + * 4
1
=
M
p
=

P
A
1
+
*
4
1
4
S
#
P
2
51
5*
54
51
:
D
* 1 +
M
i
M
$
54
O
4. Bind the magnit!de for ea)h of the 8e)tors

Example
*
M
M
4 i $
=
4 4
* 4
1* !nit
+
=
>a)
M
M
4 , i $ + =
>b)
M
M
, 14 i $ =
>))
M
i $
=
*. Bind the magnit!de and !nit 8e)tor for ea)h of the following
Example
M M
M
* + r i $ = +
Sol!tion $
4 4
M
M M
M
(agnit!de, * +
= ,
1
!nit 8e)tor, r, >+ * )
,
r
i $

= +
= +
>a)
M M
M
4 7 r i $ =
>b)
M
7
*
a

=


>))
M
1
4
h

=


SPM 200,@14. 12 @ &a&() 1.
1. /iagram 4 shows two 8e)tors, and 2O %'
uuuur uuur
.
Express
>a)
%'
uuur
in the form
x
y



,
>b) %(
uuur
in the form x* < yA. N 4 marksO
2.TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
PP>,, *)
'
P
2>5A, +)
x O
:o sket)h the graph of sine or )osine f!n)tion , st!dents are en)o!raged to follow the
steps below.
1. /etermine the angle to be labeled on x5axis.

eg $ B!n)tion angle
' = sin x x = 6=
o
' = )os 4x 4x = 6=
o
x = +,
o
' = sin
x
4
*
x
4
*
= 6=
o
x = 7=
o
4. &al)!late the 8al!es of ' for ea)h 8al!e of x b' !sing )al)!lator
eg $ ' = 1 ; 4 )os 4x
x = +, 6= 1*, 1A= 44, 4@= *1, *7=
' 51 1 * 1 51 1 * 1 51
*. Plot the )oordinates and sket)h the graph
3.PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS
+, 6= 1*, 1A= 44, 4@= *1, *7=
x
'
*
4
1

1. :he n!mber of wa's of arranging all the


alphabets in the gi8en word.
+xample !olution,
7Q = 7.,.+.*.4.1
= @4=
4. :he n!mber of wa's of arranging fo!r
of the alphabets in the gi8en word so that
last alphabet is S
+xample !olution,
:he wa' to arrange alphabet S = 1
:he wa' to arrange another * alphabets=
,
P
*
:he n!mber of arrangement = 1 x
,
P
*
= 7=
*. Eow man' wa's to )hoose , books
from 4= different books
+xample solution,
:he n!mber of wa's=
4=
&
,
= 1,,=+
+. "n how man' wa's )an )ommittee of *
men and * women be )hosen from a gro!p
of @ men and 7 women R
+xample !olution,
:he n!mbers of wa's =
@
&
*
x
7
&
*
= @==
7.PROBABILITY
Alternati8e method
la)k
Lellow
la)k
Lellow
la)k
Lellow
1=
7
1=
+
1=
+
1=
+
1=
7
1=
7
2!estion Answer
:he abo8e fig!re shows six
n!mbered )ards. A )ard is
)hosen at random. &al)!late
the probabilit' that the
n!mber on the )hosen )ard
>a) is a m!ltiple of * and
a fa)tor of 14
>b) is a m!ltiple of * or a
fa)tor of 14.
Cet
A represent the e8ent that the n!mber on the )hosen )ard
is a m!ltiple of *, and
represent the e8ent that the n!mber on the )hosen )ard
is a fa)tor of 14.
A = S*, 7, 6T, n>A)= *
= S4, *, +, 7T, n>) = +
A = S*, 7T
A = S4, *, +, 7, 6T
>a) P>A ) =
*
1
7
4
=
.
>b) P>A ) =
7
,

P>A ) = P>A) < P>) ; P>A )
=
7
4
7
+
7
*
+
=
7
,
.
Q/(+5*41 S4'/5*41
A box )ontains , red balls, * 'ellow balls
and + green balls. A ball is )hosen at
random from the box. &al)!late the
probabilit' that the balls drawn neither a
'ellow nor a green.
P >'ellow) =
*
14
.
P>green) =
+
14
P>'ellow or green) =
*
14
<
+
14
=
@
14
.
N4 Q/(+5*41+ S4'/5*41+
1.
ox & )ontains + bla)k marbles and 7

4 * + 7 A 6
1=
+
'ellow marbles. A marbles is )hosen
at random from box &, its )olo!r is
noted and the marbles is noted and the
marbles is ret!rned to the box. :hen a
se)ond marbles is )hosen. /etermine
the probabilit' that
>a) both the marbles are bla)k.
>b) the two balls are of different
)olo!rs.
>)) at least one of the balls )hosen is
'ellow.
>a) P>bla)k bla)k)=
1=
+
1=
+

=
4,
+
>b) P>same )olo!rs)
= P>bla)k bla)k) < P>'ellow 'ellow)
=

4,
+
<

1=
7
1=
7
=
4,
1*
.
>)) 1 ; P>both bla)ks) = 1 ;
4,
+
=
4,
41
9.PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
Example 1 :
Bind the 8al!e of ea)h of the following probabilities b' reading the standardised normal
distrib!tion table.
>a) P>U V =.6*+)
>b) P>U 1.4,)

Solution
>b) P>U 1.4,) = 1 ; P>U V 1.4,)
= 1 ; =.1=,@
= =.A6++

>)) P>U 5 =.4*)
1.25
1.25
Solution
>)) P>U 5 =.4*) = 1 ; P>U W 5 =.4*)
= 1 ; P>U V =.4*)
= 1 ; =.+=6=,
= =.,6=6,


>d) P>U V 5 1.,14)
Solution
>d) P>U W 5 1.,14) = P>U V 1.,14)
= =.=7,4@



>e) P>=.+ W U W 1.4)
Solution
>e) P>=.+ W U W 1.4) = P>U V =.+) ; P>U V 1.4)
= =.*++7 ; =.11,1
= =.446,

>f) P>5 =.A4A W U 5 =. ,,,)
Solution
-1.512 1.512
-0.23
0.23

0.4 1.2

0.4 1.2
>f) P>5 =.A4A W U 5 =. ,,,) = P>U V =.,,,) ; P>U V =.A4A)
= =.4A6+, ; =.4=*A+
= =.=A,71

>g) P>5 =.4,, U W =.1*)
Solution
>g) P>5 =.4,, U W =.1*) = 1 ; P>U W 5 =.4,,) ; P>U V =.1*)
= 1 ; P>U V =.4,,) ; P>U V =.1*)
= 1 ; =.*66*7 ; =.++A4A
= =.1,4*7


14.3 Score- z
Example 2 :
-0.828 -0.555
0.555 0.828
-0.255 0.13 0.13
-0.255
Bind the 8al!e of ea)h of the following $
>a) P>U F) = =.4,+7
>b) P>U W F) = =.=*46
>)) P>U W F) = =.774*
>d) P>F W U W F =.,+A) = =.+@4*
Solution
>a) P>U F) = =.4,+7
S)ore5F = =.77


>b) P>U W F) = =.=*46
S)ore5F = 51.A+



>)) P>U W F) = =.774*
1 5 P>U V F) = =.774*
P>U V F) = 1 ; =.774*
= =.**@@
S)ore5F = =.+16

>d) P>F W U W F =.,+A) = =.+@4*
1 ; P>U W F) ; P>U V =.,+A) = =.+@4*
1 ; P>U W F) ; =.4616 = =.+@4*
P>U W F) = 1 ; =.4616 ; =.+@4*
= =.4*,A
S)ore5F = 5=.@4

N4)%a' D*+5)*"/5*41
T>&( 1
P6 B C &4+*5*;( 147
P 6 B C 1.2 7 $ 0.1121
T>&( 3
P 6N(?a5*;( 14 D B D N(?a5*;( 14 7
T>&( 1
P 6 B C K 7 $ '(++ 5<a1 0.2
P 6 B C K 7 $ 0.27-,
z
=.4,+7
.....................................................
T>&( 2
P6B D 1(?a5*;( 147
P 6 B D E 0.9 7 $ P 6B C 0.97
$ 0.2118
.....................................................
T>&( ,
P 6 B D &4+*5*;( 147
P 6 B D 1., 7
$ 1 F P 6 BC1.,7
$ 1 F 0.0839
$ 0.80,2
.....................................................
.
T>&( -.
P6 B C 1(?a5*;( 147
P 6 B C E 1.- 7
$ 1 F P 6 B D E1.- 7
$ 1 F 0.0909
$ 0.8182
....................................................
T>&( 2
P6 &4+*5*;( 14 D B D &4+*5*;(
147
P 6 1 D B D 2 7
$ P 6 B C 1 7 F P 6 B C 2 7
$ 0.1297 F 0. 0229
$ 0.1,28
P 6 E1.2 D B D E 0.9 7
$ P 6 0.9 D B D 1.2 7
$ P 6 B C 0.9 7 F P 6 B C 1.2 7
$ 0.2118 F 0.0339 $ 0.1-21
.....................................................
.

T>&( 7
P 6 1(?a5*;( 14 D B D &4+5*;( 14 7
P 6 E1.2 D B D 0.9 7
$ 1 F P 6 B C 0.97 F P 6 G D E1.2 7
$ 1 F P 6 B C 0.9 7 F P 6 B C
1.2 7
$ 1 F 0.2118 F 0.1121
$0.37,
K $ 0.3
......................................................
T>&( 2
P 6 B D K 7 $ '(++ 5<a1 0.2
P6 B D K 7 $ 0.,--3
P 6 B C E K 7 $ 0.,--3
E K $ 0.-
K $ E 0.-
.......................................................
T>&( ,
P6 B D K 7 $ %4)( 5<a1 0.2
P 6 B D K 7 $ 0.99-8
P 6 B C K 7 $ 1 F 0.99-8
$ 0.1121
K $ 1.2
......................................................
T>&( -
P 6 B C K 7 $ %4)( 5<a1 0.2
P 6 B C K 7 $ 0.7290
P6 B D K 7 $ 1 F 0.7290 $ 0.2-20
P 6 B C EH 7 $ 0.2-20
E K$ 0.7
K $ E 0.7
10.LINEAR PROGRAMMING
P)4"'(% *15()&)(5a5*41 a10 5<( :4)%a5*41 4: 5<( )('(;a15 (=/a5*41+ 4) *1(=/a'*5*(+
:he table below shows the mathemati)al expressions for the different ine?!alities
!sed.
(athemati)al Expressions "ne?!alit'
a
y
greater than
x
x y >
b
y
less than
x
x y <
)
y
not more than
x
x y
d
y
not less than
x
x y
e :he s!m of
x
and
y
is not more than #
# y x +
f
y
is at least # times the 8al!e of
x #x y
g ' ex)eeds x at least k y x #
Example$
A )ompan' deli8ers 6== par)els !sing
x
lorries and
y
8ans. Ea)h lorr' )arries 1,=
par)els while ea)h 8an )arries 7= par)els. :he )ost of transporting the par)els !sing a
lorr' is #( 7= while that of a 8an is #( += . :he total )ost spent on transportation is not
more than #( +A=.
>a) Drite down two ine?!alities other than x X= and y X= , that satisf' all of the abo8e
)onditions.
!olution
>a)
*= 4 ,
6== 7= 1,=
+
+
y x
y x
333..


4+ 4 *
+A= += 7=
+
+
y x
y x
333.
:he two ine?!alities that satisf' the gi8en )onditions are $
*= 4 , + y x
and
4+ 4 * + y x

1
4