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September 07, 2010

September 07, 2010

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION 1 0 - T M S S - 0 5 ,

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

10-TMSS-05, Rev. 01

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0

SCOPE

2.0

CROSS REFERENCES

3.0

APPLICABLE CODES AND STANDARDS

4.0

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS

4.1

General

4.2

Ratings

4.3

Materials

4.4

Fabrication

4.5

Diameter and Permissible Variations

4.6

Reel Design

4.7

Markings

5.0

TESTS

6.0

DATA SCHEDULE

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION 1 0 - T M S S - 0 5 ,

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

10-TMSS-05, Rev. 01

1.0

SCOPE

This Transmission Material Standard Specification (TMSS) specifies the minimum technical requirements for design, engineering, manufacture, inspection, testing and performance of Bare Copper-Clad Steel Grounding Conductor and Ground Rod intended to be used for the grounding of transmission line structures in the Transmission System of Saudi Electricity Company (SEC), Saudi Arabia.

2.0

CROSS REFERENCES

This Material Standard Specification shall be read in conjunction with the latest revision of SEC General Specification No. 01-TMSS-01, titled "General Requirements for All Equipment/Materials" which shall be considered as an integral part of this TMSS.

This TMSS shall also be read in conjunction with SEC Purchase Order or Contract Schedules for project, as applicable.

3.0

APPLICABLE CODES AND STANDARDS

The latest amendments/revision of the following Code and Standard shall be applicable for the equipment/material covered in this TMSS. In case of conflict, the vendor/manufacturer may propose equipment/material conforming to Industry Code and Standard other than that quoted hereunder without jeopardizing the requirements of this TMSS.

ASTM B910/B910M Standard Specification for Annealed Copper-Clad Steel Wire

4.0

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS

4.1

General

4.1.1 The copper-clad steel grounding conductor and copper-clad steel ground rods shall be of manufacturer's standard design and shall meet or exceed the requirements of this Specification in all respects.

4.1.2 The copper-clad steel grounding conductor shall be made from bare round annealed copper-clad steel wires conforming to ASTM B910/B910M.

4.1.3 The service conditions referenced in 01-TMSS-01 shall be regarded as the basis of design criteria.

4.1.4 Manufacturer's drawings, as required in 01-TMSS-01 shall show the outline of the copper-clad steel grounding conductor and copper-clad steel ground rod together with all pertinent dimensions. Any variations in these dimensions due to manufacturing tolerances shall be indicated.

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION 1 0 - T M S S - 0 5 ,

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

10-TMSS-05, Rev. 01

4.2 Ratings

4.2.1 The copper-clad steel grounding conductor shall conform to the requirements of Table 01 below:

Table 01: Ratings and characteristics of copper-clad steel grounding conductor

Conductor Size

Nominal Diameter

Nominal

Minimum

Rated

Max.

DC

Designation

Overall

Individual

Wire

Total

Cross-Section

Tensile

Strength

Resistance

at 20°C

AWG

(mm)

(mm)

(mm²)

(kN)

(Ohm/km)

7 No. 10

7.77

2.588

36.83

9.15

1.244

7

No. 9

8.71

2.906

46.44

11.5

0.9865

7

No. 8

9.78

3.264

58.57

14.54

0.7820

7

No. 7

11.00

3.665

73.87

18.34

0.6202

7

No. 6

12.34

4.115

93.10

23.13

0.4920

7

No. 5

13.87

4.620

117.42

29.14

0.3903

7

No. 4

15.57

5.189

148.04

36.77

0.3094

19

No. 8

16.31

3.264

158.97

39.45

0.2892

19

No. 7

18.31

3.665

200.45

49.79

0.2294

19

No. 6

20.57

4.115

252.71

62.77

0.1819

19

No. 5

23.11

4.620

318.71

79.10

0.1443

Notes:

i.

The maximum DC Resistance at 20 o C value is based on minimum individual wire diameter and minimum conductivity of 39.21 % corresponding to a resistivity of 0.0440 ohm mm 2 /m.

ii.

The tensile load is taken as ninety percent (90%) of the sum of the tensile loads of the individual wires and is based on minimum tensile strength of 276 N/mm 2 as referred in ASTM B910/B910M.

4.2.2

The required size and diameter of copper-clad steel grounding conductor shall be specified in the Data Schedule.

4.2.3

The copper-clad steel ground rods shall have a nominal diameter of 16mm (5/8 inches) and 19mm (3/4 inches) with a minimum length of 3 meter. The ground rods shall be of sectional type equipped with suitable couplings and driving studs. The required diameter of the ground rod shall be specified in the Data Schedule.

4.3 Materials

4.3.1 The copper-clad wire shall consist of a core of homogeneous open-hearth, electric-furnace, or basic-oxygen steel with a continuous outer cladding of copper thoroughly bonded to the core throughout. The copper-clad wire shall be free from copper discontinuities and all imperfections not consistent with good commercial practice.

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION 1 0 - T M S S - 0 5 ,

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

10-TMSS-05, Rev. 01

4.3.2 The nominal conductivity of copper-clad steel wire shall be 40% IACS (International Annealed Copper Standard).

4.3.3 The electrical resistivity of copper-clad steel wire at a temperature of 20ºC shall not exceed 0.0440 ohm mm2/m.

4.3.4 All wires in the grounding conductor shall be of the same grade and quality.

4.3.5 The ground rods shall be made from high-strength steel (high carbon steel). Pure electrolytic copper shall be uniformly molecularly bonded onto the core to ensure corrosion resistance and eliminate electrolytic action. The steel core shall have sufficient rigidity for easy driving with hammer or mechanical drivers.

4.4 Fabrication

4.4.1 The copper-clad steel grounding conductors shall be constructed in conventional concentric-lay-stranded type.

4.4.2 The copper-clad steel grounding conductors shall have left-hand lay and the preferred lay is 13.5 times the diameter of that layer, but the pitch of the strand shall be neither less than 10 nor more than 16 times this diameter.

4.4.3 All copper-clad steel wires in the conductor shall lie naturally in their true positions in the completed conductor. They shall remain in position when the conductor is cut at any point and shall permit re-stranding by hand after being forcibly unraveled at the end of the conductor.

4.4.4 Joints or splices may be made in the finished individual copper-clad steel wires composing concentric- lay-stranded conductor but these splices shall not decrease the strength of the finished conductor below the minimum breaking strength specified in Table 01.

4.4.5 These joints or splices shall not be closer than 15 meters to any other joint in the same layer in the conductor.

4.4.6 The type of joints or splices in individual copper-clad steel wires shall be of weld-annealed joints made by electric butt welding.

4.5 Diameter and Permissible Variations

4.5.1 The actual diameter of the copper-clad steel wires forming the conductor shall not vary from the specified diameter by more than ± 1.5% expressed to the nearest 0.003 mm.

4.5.2 The cross sectional area of the completed conductor shall not be less than 98% of the area specified. The cross sectional area of a conductor shall be considered to be the sum of the cross-sectional areas of its component wires at any section when measured perpendicularly to their individual axis.

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION 1 0 - T M S S - 0 5 ,

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

10-TMSS-05, Rev. 01

4.5.3 The minimum copper thickness due to eccentricity shall not be less than 5% of the individual wire diameter (10% of the wire radius) as shown in Table 02:

Table 02:

Minimum copper thickness

Nominal

Minimum

Individual Wire Diameter

Copper Thickness

(mm)

(mm)

2.588

0.1294

2.906

0.1453

3.264

0.1632

3.665

0.1832

4.115

0.2057

4.620

0.2310

5.189

0.2594

4.5.4 The minimum thickness of copper for copper-clad steel ground rod shall not be less than 0.25 mm at any point.

4.5.5 The actual diameter of the copper-clad steel ground rod shall not be less than 14.3mm and 17.1mm (unthreaded) for 16mm and 19mm nominal diameter ground rods respectively.

4.6 Reel Design

4.6.1 Reel shall be of non-returnable wood.

4.6.2 The length of copper-clad steel grounding conductor per reel shall be 2000 meters with a permissible variation of ±5%, unless otherwise different lengths are required as per actual site requirements or as agreed between SEC and the

manufacturer.

4.7 Markings

4.7.1 Each end of the copper-clad steel grounding conductor in the reel shall bear a non-corroding tag identifying the following:

a. Grade of grounding conductor

b. Diameter/Size of grounding conductor

c. Average Breaking Strength

d. Length of grounding conductor (on the one end only)

e. Stranding

4.7.2 Each reel shall be stenciled to show all information under paragraph 4.7.1 plus additional information as follows:

a. Manufacturer's Name and Country of Origin

b. Year of Manufacture

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION 1 0 - T M S S - 0 5 ,

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

10-TMSS-05, Rev. 01

c. Serial Number

d. Size of Reel

e. Gross Weight

f. SEC Purchase Order Number/Contract Number.

g. SEC Material Item Number

h. Consignee Address

i. Direction of Rolling

j. 10-TMSS-05, Rev.0

4.7.3 All markings shall appear on both sides of the reel.

5.0

TESTS

All test results shall be provided for review and acceptance by SEC.

5.1 Tests for electrical and physical properties of copper-clad steel wires composing concentric-lay-stranded conductors made from copper-clad steel wire shall be made before stranding.

5.2 The routine test shall not be required after stranding.

5.3 The copper-clad steel wire shall withstand without fracture not less than 20 torsions in a length equivalent to 100 times the nominal diameter of the specimen. The specimen shall be twisted by rotating on the wires at a rate of approximately 15 twists per minute in the same direction until fracture occurs.

5.4 The copper-clad steel wire after twisting to destruction shall not reveal any seams, pits, slivers or other imperfection of sufficient magnitude to indicate inherent defects or imperfections. Examination of the wire at the break with the unaided eye shall show no separation of the copper from the steel.

5.5 The electrical resistivity of the material shall be determined in accordance with ASTM B193 Test Method for Resistivity of Electrical Conductor Materials.

5.6 Elongation shall be measured by means of an extensometer suitable for measuring elongation in 250 mm in accordance with the testing requirements specified in ASTM B910/B910M. It shall be attached to the test specimen at a tension load of approximately ten percent (10%) of rated strength, and shall be recorded as zero length.

The elongation shall be observed while applying tension load to the specimen and the reading shall be taken when fracture occurs. The elongation of the specimen shall be not less than fifteen percent (15%).

The tests shall be disregarded, if the fracture occurs in or at the gripping jaws of the machine and the extensometer shows a reading less than fifteen percent

(15%).

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION 1 0 - T M S S - 0 5 ,

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

10-TMSS-05, Rev. 01

5.7 If upon testing a sample from any reel of wire, the results do not conform to the tensile requirements prescribed in Table 1 and the elongation of specimen in Clause 5.6, two additional samples shall be tested and the average of the two tests shall determine the acceptance or rejection of the reel of wire.

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION 1 0 - T M S S - 0 5 ,

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

10-TMSS-05, Rev. 01

6.0 DATA SCHEDULE

BARE COPPER-CLAD STEEL GROUNDING CONDUCTOR AND GROUND ROD

SEC Enquiry No.

Date:

SEC Purchase Order No. or Contract No.

Date:

SEC PTS No./Project Title with J.O. No.

REFERENCE

 

SECTION NO.

DESCRIPTION

'A'

'B'

'C'

3.0

APPLICABLE CODES AND STANDARDS

ASTM B910/B910M

*

4.0

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS

 

4.2.2

Copper-Clad Steel Grounding Conductor

AWG Size

Nominal Cross-Section (mm²)

Overall Diameter (mm)

Minimum Tensile Strength (kN)

*

D.C. Resistance at 20°C (/km)

*

'A'- SEC SPECIFIED DATA/PARAMETERS 'B'- BIDDER/SUPPLIER/VENDOR/CONTRACTOR PROPOSED DATA/PARAMETERS 'C'- REMARKS SUPPORTING THE PROPOSED DEVIATION IN COLUMN 'B' (*)- DATA/PARAMETERS TO BE PROVIDED/PROPOSED BY THE BIDDER/SUPPLIER/ VENDOR/CONTRACTOR IN COLUMN 'B'

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION 1 0 - T M S S - 0 5 ,

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

10-TMSS-05, Rev. 01

6.0 DATA SCHEDULE

BARE COPPER-CLAD STEEL GROUNDING CONDUCTOR AND GROUND ROD

REFERENCE

SECTION NO.

DESCRIPTION

'A'

'B'

'C'

4.2.3

Copper-Clad Steel Ground Rod

Nominal Diameter (mm)

Actual Diameter (mm)

Minimum Length (mm)

4.3

Conductivity of Annealed Copper-Clad Steel Wire (% IACS)

4.4

Direction of Lay

4.5

Minimum Copper Thickness for:

Copper-Clad Steel Wire (mm)

Ground Rod (mm)

4.6

Length of Grounding Conductor

Total Required Length (m)

16 or 19

14.3 or 17.1

3,000

40

left hand

*

0.25

*

Maximum Length per Reel (m)

2,000

Tolerance in Length per Reel

±5%

Type of Reel

wooden

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION 1 0 - T M S S - 0 5 ,

TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

10-TMSS-05, Rev. 01

6.0 DATA SCHEDULE

BARE COPPER-CLAD STEEL GROUNDING CONDUCTOR AND GROUND ROD

A.

ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION OR FEATURES TO BE FURNISHED BY SEC:

B.

ADDITIONAL

SUPPLEMENTARY

DATA

OR

FEATURES

PROPOSED

BY

BIDDER/VENDOR/SUPPLIER/CONTRACTOR:

 

B.

OTHER PARTICULARS TO BE FILLED UP BY BIDDER/VENDOR/SUPPLIER/ CONTRACTOR:

 

Name of the Company Location and address

Name and Signature of authorized representative and date

Official Seal/Stamp of the Company & Date

Actual Manufacturer of Equipment/Material

Vendor/Supplier/

Contractor