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92 | Mechanics-1

F F µmg A m B F a µmg F 2m F For no slipping
F
F
µmg
A
m
B F
a
µmg
F
2m
F
For no slipping
a
∴ Time (t) to move s distance would be
given by
=
a
A
B
1
F
µ
mg
µ
g
2
s =
g
t
=
eff
2
m 2
3
2
s 2 s
i.e.,
F =
mg
i.e.,
t =
=
2 µ
(
a
cos θ
− g
sin θ)
g eff
F
µ = 2
3 mg
Substituting s = 1 m,
θ = 30°,
Slipping will obviously be m 2 there if µ is
greater than above mentioned value
a = 10
3 m/s 2 and
g = 10 m/s 2
2
×
1
F
t =
µ min = 2
3 
3 mg
1 
10
3 ×
_  10 ×
2 
2 
For no slipping.
Option (c) is correct.
ma cos θ
1
=
5 s
16. F net (downward) = mg sin θ + ma cos θ
Option (b) is correct.
w
w
a 18.
N
+
sin 30
° =
w +
2
2
ma
mg sin θ
w/2
ma
cos θ
N
w
sin 30° w/2
mg
sin θ
2
30°
w
cos 30°
= m(g sin θ + acos θ)
2
∴ g
g
sin θ +
a
cos θ
f
eff =
w
Time (T) required to cover 2L distance
along inclined would be
f = frictional force
w
2
L
N = 5
T =
4
g eff
w
f
N
= µ ⋅ 5
2L
max = µ
=
4
(g sin θ
+ acos θ)
The block will remain stationary if
w
5 w
Option (c) is correct.
cos
30
° ≤ µ
2
4
17. F net on block along incline in the upward
direction
5 w
or
≤ µ
2
2
4
= macos θ − mg sin θ
or
3 ≤ 5µ
= m(acos θ − g sin θ)
3
or
≤ µ
∴ g
a
cos θ −
g
sin θ
5
eff =
3
∴ Block will move if µ <
5
θ
θ

Option (d) is correct.

19.

F 1 = 2t

   

T

T

   
     
 

f 1

µ

1

= 0.6

f

2

µ

2

= 0.5

 

At t = 2 s F 1 = 4 N

 

4N

 

B

   

T

T

A

   

15N

       

F = 15N

f 1 and f 2 are the frictional forces

(

(

f

1

f

2

)

)

max

max

0.6 × 1 × 10 6 N 0.5 × 2 × 10

=

=

=

= 10 N

At t = 2 s

Net external force (F

net

) on system

= 15 N 4 N

= 11 N

) max , the system will

remain at rest and the values frictional

forces on the blocks will be given

T = 4 + f 1 and T = 15 f 2

…(i)

As F

net

> (

f

)

1 max

+ (

f

2

4

f

1

+ f

+

1

=

15

f

2

f

2

= 11 N

Let direction being + ive for Eq. (i)

Option (a) f 1 = − 4 N, f 2 = = 5 N

wrong

Option (b) f 1 = − 2 N, f 2 = + 5 N

wrong

Option (c) f 1 = 0 N,f 2 = + 10 N

wrong

Option (d) f 1 = + 1 N, f 2 = + 10 N

correct.

OR

As the likely movement would be towards right f 2 will be at its maximum.

f 2 = 10 N

f 1 = 1 N

Option (d) is correct.

f

f

f

f

1

+

f

2

= 1 N

1

+

f

2

= 3 N

1

+

f

2

= 10 N

1

+

f

2

= 11 N

20. 2 mg sin α − T = 2ma

Laws of Motion | 93

y 60° j x P i T T T 2m T m T T α
y
60°
j
x
P
i
T
T T
2m
T
m
T
T
α = 30°
and
T = ma
2mg sin α = 3ma
g sin
30°
g
a
= 2
=
3
3
mg
T
=
3
Force (R)
applied
by
clamp
on
pulley
would be
|T|
=
|T |
= T
1
2
mg
mg
^
^
=
(cos
30
°
)
i
+
(sin
30
°
)
j
T 1
3
3
mg
3
mg
^
^
=
i
+
j
6
6
= mg
^
|
|
j
T 2
3
Force by clamp on pulley P
y
T
2
T
1
60°
x
=
T
+
T
1
2
mg
3
mg
mg
^
^
^
=
i
+
j
+
j
6
6
3
mg
3
3
mg
mg
^
^
=
i
+
j =
(
3
i
+
3
j
)
6
6
6
Option (b) is correct.
21. f 1 (max) = 0.3 × 4 × 10 = 12 N
2 kg
4 kg
16N
f
µ
= 0.6
f
µ
= 0.3
2
1
1
2
f 1 and f 2 are frictional forces.
f 2 (max) = 0.6 × 2 × 10 = 12 N
As, f
(max) +
f
(max) < 16 N (F
)
1
2
ext

94 | Mechanics-1

2 kg

T

T

4 kg

16N

 

f 2

f 1

The system will remain at rest. For the equilibrium of 4 kg mass :

16 = T + f

1

…(i)

As f 1 will be at its maximum value

 

f 1 = 12 N

T = 16 12

= 4 N [from Eq. (i)]

Further, for the equilibrium of 2 kg mass.

T = f 1

f 1 = 4 N

Option (c) is correct.

22. For the rotational equilibrium of rod Taking moment about O.

l l R × cos θ = s sin θ 2 2 s (= ma)
l
l
R ×
cos θ
= s
sin θ
2
2
s (= ma)
A
O R (= mg)
ma
mg
θ
or
mg cos θ
= ma sin θ
a = g cotθ

Option (d) is correct.

23. v = 2 t 2

a =

dv

dt

=

d

dt

2

(2t ) = 4 t

2

At t = 1 s, a = 4 ms As

a

=

µ s

=

a

g

=

µ

s

g

4

10

= 0.4

Option (c) is correct.

a

24. Just at the position of tipping off, R 1 will be zero.

R 1

 

R 2

 

A

P

8 m

 
A P 8 m   B

B

1 m
1 m
   
 

10 g

   

x

1 m
1 m

Taking moment about point Q (10g)(4) = (80g)(x)

x =

1

2 m

Option (a) is correct.

25. N = ma sin θ + mg cos θ

N ma sin θ ma mg sin θ θ mg cos θ
N
ma sin θ
ma
mg sin θ
θ mg cos θ

a

…(i)

Now, as the block does not slide macos θ = mg sin θ

i.e.,

Substituting the found value of a in Eq. (i)

a = g tan θ

N = m ( g tan θ) sin θ + mg cos θ

= mg

sin

2 θ θ

cos

+ cos

θ

= mg

sec θ

When, the block stops a = 0, the value of normal force will be

N′ = mg cos θ

N mg sec θ

Option (c) is correct.

N = mg cos θ

26. For the rotational equilibrium of the block

N f O B φ x mg sin θ mg cos θ A mg θ
N
f
O
B
φ
x
mg sin θ
mg cos θ
A
mg
θ = 45°

Taking moment about O.

or

or

or

or

or

Nx

=

f a

(mg cos ) x

θ

=

2

(mg sin

θ

) a

 

2

a

tan θ

x

= 2

x 2 =

a /

tan

θ

tan φ = tan θ φ = θ

Thus, the normal force ( N) will pass through point A.

Option (a) is correct.

[Note : The cube will be just at the point of tilting (about point A). The cube will tilt if θ is made greater than 45°].

27. For the rotational equilibrium of the cube Moment of couple ( N, mg)

= Moment of couple (F, f )

N (= mg) ∴ mgx = Fa = mg mg F ( ) or mgx
N (= mg)
mgx = Fa
= mg
mg
F (
)
or mgx =
⋅ a
3
3
x
a
a
i.e., x
= 3
f = F
mg
Option (b) is correct.
28. Taking moment about point O.
N 1
N 2
l/4
l/6

29.

mg

N 1

l

2

l

4

 =

N 2

 

l

2

l

l

N 1

N

1

:

= N

4

N

2

3

2

= 4 :3

Option (c) is correct.

l

6

a T T ma mgmg (T / 2) ma = ma → Box mg T
a
T
T
ma
mgmg
(T /
2)
ma
= ma → Box
mg
T +
=
→ Pendulum with
2
2

respect to

box

=

mg T + = → Pendulum with 2 2 ∴ respect to box = 2 ma

2 ma +

ma

2
2

mg

2
2
Laws of Motion | 95 30. N sin θ = m a …(i) B B
Laws of Motion | 95
30. N
sin θ =
m
a
…(i)
B
B
–2
9 ms
N
A
N sin θ
B N
θ = 37°
a
= a
tan θ
…(ii)
A
B
a
A
N
sin θ =
m
B tan θ
m
a
A
N
= B
sin θ tan θ ∴ Force on rod by wedge → → a A |
sin θ tan θ
∴ Force on rod by wedge
a A |
=
a
A |
a A
a
=
a
B |
θ
B |
a B
m
cos θ
B a
A
N cos θ =
sin
θ
tan
θ
B a
A
= m
tan 2 θ
10
× 9
5
=
= 160 N
2
3
37°
 
4
 
4

Option (c) is correct.

3

31. Net downward force on ring = mg − µ ma = m(g − µa)
31. Net downward force on ring = mg − µ ma
= m(g − µa)
T
f = µN
–2
= µma
a = 4 ms
N = ma
L =
1m
mg
g
g
− µ
a
eff =
2
L
t =
g eff
2L
=
g
− µ a
2
× 1
=
10
(0.5
×
4)
1
=
= 0.5 s

2

96 | Mechanics-1

32. The direction of the normal reactions between any one hemisphere and the

sphere will be along the centres of the two. The three centres of the hemisphere and that of sphere will form a tetrehadron of edge equal to 2R.

and C 3 are the centres of

the hemispheres and C is the centre of the

sphere

In figure, C

1

,

C

2

C = C C = C C C 1 2 2 3 3 1 =
C
=
C C
=
C C
C 1
2
2
3
3
1
=
C C = C C = C C =
2 R
1
2
3
N
N
N
C
C 1
O
φ
θ
C 3

C 2

∠COC = 90 ° 2 2 R C O = 2 3 2 cos θ
∠COC =
90 °
2
2 R
C
O =
2
3
2
cos θ = C O
C C
2
2
R /
3
=

=

2 R

1

3
3

φ is the angle which any N makes with vertical

φ = 90° − θ

sin φ = cos θ =

cos φ =

2

3
3

1

3
3
√3 φ 2
√3
φ
2

1

For the vertical equilibrium of the sphere. 3N cos φ = mg

or

= mg =

or

= 2

Option (b) is correct.

2

N

3 N ×

mg

3
3

33. T Mg = Ma

T
T

( 500 + 80n )g

i.e.,

or

or

or

Option (b) is correct.

T = M ( g + a)

2

×

2

×

10 4

10 4

14.58 n

n = 14

M (g + a)

(500 + 80n)(10 + 2)

[Note : Tension in lift cable will increase when the lift is accelerated upwards].

34. Normal reaction between the surface and

the particle will be zero throughout the motion if the path of the particle is that of a projectile motion (particle is free from

surface).

v sin φ v u sin θ u φ v cos φ a = –
v sin φ
v
u sin θ
u
φ v cos φ
a = – g
+ h
φ
– + u cos θ
2
2
v
=
u
+ 2
as

(vsin φ)

2

= (usin )

θ

2

+

2

(g) h

2 vsin φ = u sin 2 θ − 2 gh 2 2 2 =
2
vsin φ =
u
sin
2 θ
2
gh
2
2
2
=
(20) (sin 60°)
− 2⋅10⋅5
3
=
   400
×
   − 100
4
= 10
2
v cos φ = ucos θ = 20cos 60° = 10 v sin φ =
v cos φ = ucos θ = 20cos 60° = 10
v sin
φ = 10
2
v cos φ
10

Laws of Motion | 97

tan φ =

2 1 2
2
1
2

Velocity along PQ = 20 m/s.

φ = tan

Velocity along PO = 20sin θ

Option (c) is correct.

g

throughout its motion while that of block

A will increase from 0 to g and as such

35. Acceleration

of

block

B

will

be

t

A

<

t

B

Option (b) is correct.

36. f 1 (max) = 0.5 × 10 × 10 = 50 N

µ

=

A

100

f

1

N

f

2

µ

=

0.5f 1

0.25f 2

B

C

Here, f

As,

move.

f 2 (max.) = 0.25(10 + 20)10 = 75N As, f 1 (max.), [driving force for block B] < f 2 (max.), the block will not slop over block C. As, there is no friction between block C and surface below it, both the blocks B and

A will

1

and

f

2

<

are friction forces.

F

ext .

(100

N

) , block

1 (max.)

f

block C

will

move together with

acceleration

a =

=

f 1 (max.)

(mass of

50

B

+

C

)

(20

+

30)

= 1ms 2

a A = 1ms 2

Option (c) is correct.

37.

cos θ =

R R − 4 5 = R 5 20 m/s N O θ Q P
R
R −
4
5
=
R 5
20 m/s
N
O
θ
Q
P R/5

Velocity

direction)

= 20 × 3 5 = 12 m/s

of

sphere

(along

=

12

=

cos θ

12

4

/

5

= 15 m/s

Option (c) is correct.

vertical

38. String is winding on the motor shaft the block B will move up. Further, as shaft is

also moving down, B will further. 2 m/s B 2 m/s
also moving down, B will further.
2
m/s
B 2
m/s

Thus, Velocity of block B = Velocity of lift + Velocity of winding of string on shaft + Velocity of moving down of shaft

m/s

= 6 m/s.

Option (d) is correct.

q= 2 m/s + 2 m/s + 2

39. ′ ′ = F cos θ

F

F

is resultant of two equal forces F and F

 2 φ  F = 2 F′ cos   2   F
2 φ
F =
2 F′ cos 
2
 
F
φ
F'
F''
F''
= 2F′cos φ
= 2F′cos (90° − θ)
= 2F′sin θ
5
F ′ ′ 
= 2
sin θ
 cos θ 
θ

4

98 | Mechanics-1

= 2F′ ′ tan θ

= 2(ma′ ′) tan θ

= 2 ×

2 3

5 4

×

×

03.

Option (b) is correct.

= 2 N

40. Velocity of block A = 2v cos 37°

2v 37° A v B = 2 × 10 × 4
2v
37°
A
v
B
= 2 × 10 × 4

5

= 16 m/s

Option (d) is correct.

41. As the mass is applying maximum possible force without moving, the blocks would at the point of slipping,

T f A A T f A T' T' T B T f C f
T
f A
A T
f A
T' T'
T
B T
f C
f B

T ′ =

f B (max) = 0.3 × (60 + 60) × 10 = 360 N

As,

zero.

Option (d) is correct. [Note : The value f B will be 300 N and the values of T and f A will be zero]

(max) the value of T will be

f C

T ′ <

(max) = 0.5 × 60 × 10 = 300 N

f

B

→ ^ ^ 42. a =| 5 i + 15 j | A ∴ θ
^
^
42.
a
=|
5
i
+
15
j
|
A
∴ θ = 45°
As,φ < θ
the block will leave contact with
B.
a A
y
15 j
θ
15 i
x
B
φ = 37°
3
tan φ = tan 37°=
4

For A to remain in contact with B, B must accelerate in the ive x-direction.

15 j → a A (new) φ b i 15 i ^ Let acceleration of
15 j
→ a A (new)
φ
b i
15 i
^
Let acceleration of B = − b i
Due to this pseudo force with act on A in

the + ive direction.

 

tan φ =

15

 

15

+ b

 

3

15

or

=

 

4

15 + b

or

45 + 3b = 60 3b = − 15 b = − 5

or

or

Acceleration of B = − 5 i

Option (d) is correct.

^

43. For block A not to slide on block B N B 2F A F
43. For block A not to slide on block B
N
B
2F
A
F
N sin θ
N sin θ
θ N

F net on block A = F net on block B

F N sin θ = N sin θ − 2F

2N sin θ = 3F

N =

3 F

2sin θ

= 3F Option (d) is correct.

44. Equation to circle is

(as θ = 30°)

Y (x, y) B φ x O θ A
Y
(x, y) B
φ
x
O
θ
A

x

2

+

y

2

=

2

r

(where r = OB)

…(i)

dx dy ∴ 2 + 2 = 0 dt dt dx dy ⇒ = −
dx
dy
∴ 2
+
2
=
0
dt dt
dx
dy
= −
dt
dt
= − (−u) = + u
= u
Speed of bead B
2
2
dx 
dy 
=
 
+ 
dt 
dt 
2
2
=
(u)
+ (− u)
= u
2

Option (a) is correct.

45. At maximum acceleration value of a, the block would be in a position to move upwards.

ma cos θ

N f max ma ma sin θ mg sin θ mg cos θ θ =
N
f max
ma
ma sin θ
mg sin θ
mg cos θ
θ = 45°

a

f = frictional force

or

or

N = masin θ + mg cos θ

macos

ma cos θ = µ N + mg sin θ

θ

θ =

f

max

+

mg sin

ma cos θ = µ

(ma sin θ + mg cos θ)

or

or

i.e.,

+ mg sin θ

( θ = 45° )

a = µ (a + g) + g

a (1 − µ) = (1 + µ) g

a =

1 + µ

1 − µ

g

Option (b) is correct.

46. For

the beam to have no tendency

rotate

to

Laws of Motion | 99

l 1 l 2

l

1

l 1 l 2
l 1 l 2
l 1 l 2

l

2

l 1 l 2
2T 2T M 1 T T T T M g 3 M g 2 M
2T
2T
M
1
T
T
T
T
M g
3
M g
2
M gl
=
2
Tl
1
1
2
 2 M M
1
3
or
M gl
= 2 
g
1
1
l 2
 M
+ M
2
3
 
M
2
M
2
3
or
M l
=
4 
 3 l
1 1
1
M
2
M
+
2
3 
M
1
= 3
M
2
47. f
= µ
2
max
k N
N√2
N N
Block
N = mg cos θ
Trongh
= µ
2 mg cos
θ
k
ma
= mg
sin θ −
2
µ
k mg
cos θ
i.e., a
= g
(sin θ −
k cos θ)

Option (c) is correct.

48. f 1 (max) = 0.5 × 3 × 10

= 15 N

f 2 (max) = 0.3 × (3 + 2) × 10 = 15 N

f 2

F

f

1

3kg

1

f

f

2kg

2

1 kg

B

f 3

f 3 (max) = 0.1 × (3 + 2 + 1) × 10

= 6 N

100 | Mechanics-1

Value of maximum frictional force is between block 1 kg and the ground. Increasing from zero when F attains 6 N, the block of mass 1 kg will be at the point of slipping over ground below it. Option (c) is correct.

49. f (max) = µ ( m + m ) g 2 1 2 m
49.
f
(max) = µ (
m
+
m
)
g
2
1
2
m
1
µ
1
A
f
f
1
1
m
B
2
f
µ
2
2
=
0.5(1 + 2)10
=
15 N

F (= 30N)

a S = Acceleration of both as one

a A = Acceleration of A

a

f

1

S

(max) = µ

=

F

f

2

a A =

1

m g

1

(max)

= 0.2 × 1 × 10 = 2 N

=

30

15

= 5 m/s 2

= 2 m/s 2

µ

+

m

m g

1

1

1

m

=

2

µ g

1

=

0.2

3

×

10

m

1

As,

both will move.

Further,

accelerate as one unit.

a

F > f 2 (max.)

as

(

m

1

a

S

+

>

m

2

a

)

A

g

1

both

− µ

m g

1

F

− µ

2

B =

m

2

will

Acceleration of A w.r.t. B

a

AB

=

µ g

1

=

a

A

f

_

A

µ

B

2

(

m

1

+

m

2

)

g

µ

1

m g

1

m

m

2

1

= µ

1

m g

2

F

+ µ

2

(

+

m

2

)

g

+ µ

1

m g

1

=

=

=

m 2

F

(µ

1

+

µ

2

) (

m

1

+ m

2

)

g

 

m

2

30

(0.2

+

0.5)(

)

1 + 2 10

 
 

2

9 2 m/s 2

not

Negative sign indicates that the direction of a AB will be opposite to that of a A .

50.

51.

52.

Required time t =

2 s 2.1 2 = = 9 / 2 3 a AB
2 s
2.1
2
=
=
9
/ 2
3
a AB

Option (a) is correct.

s

F = µ s mg cos θ − mg sin θ  4 3 1
F
= µ
s mg
cos θ −
mg
sin θ
4
3 1
=
mg
3
3
2 2
= mg
6
Option (b) is correct.
µ
s = 2
µ
k
F µ S N θ = 30° Force required to just slide downwards F µ
F
µ
S N
θ = 30°
Force
required
to
just
slide
downwards
F
µ
K N
θ = 30°
F
= µ
mg
sin θ
s N
= µ
s mg cos
θ −
mg sin
θ
F
= mg
sin θ − µ
k N
=
mg
sin θ
µ
mg
cos θ
k
Thus, µ
s mg cos
θ
− mg sin
θ
=
mg
sin θ
µ
mg
cos θ
k
a
+
µ
mg
cos θ
= 2mg
sin θ
s
k )
µ
mg sin θ
s
   = 2tan θ
s +
 µ
2
3
2
4
µ s =
⇒µ s =
2
3
3
3
a = 0
2 mg sin θ

Option (a) is correct.

a

=

F

+

mg

sin θ − µ

k

mg

cos θ

m

2

mg

+

mg

3
3

6

2

3

6 2 − 3 3 ⋅ mg 2

3

mg

2

 

m

 

=

= g

3

Option (d) is correct.

block

53. Minimum

force

motion upward

required

to

start

= mg sin θ + µ k mg cos θ  1 4 3 
= mg
sin θ
+
µ
k mg
cos θ
1
4 3
= mg
+
2
3 3
2
= 7 6 mg

the

54. Minimum force required to move the block up the incline with constant speed

= mg sin θ + µ k mg cos θ  1 2 3 
= mg
sin θ
+
µ
k mg
cos θ
1
2 3
= mg
+
2
3 3
2
5
= 6 mg
2
(5.22)
55. S 1
=
= 14.3 m
9.8
2 ⋅  
8
Option (c) is correct.
′ = 1200
g
− 1000
g
56.
a

a

g

1200

= 6 T' = 1000g Stops – a' Speed = v max 25 m T
=
6
T' = 1000g
Stops
– a'
Speed
= v max
25 m
T = 1350g
1200 g
1200 g
1350
g
− 1200
g
a
=
1200
g
=

8

For accelerated motion

v

2

max

s

1

= 0

=

+ 2

v 2

max

2

2 a

as

1

Laws of Motion | 101

For retarted motion

2 2 0 = v − 2 a′ s max 2 2 = v max
2
2
0
= v
2
a′ s
max
2
2
= v max
s 2
2 a ′
v 2
 1
1
max
s
+
s
=
+
1
2
2
  a
a 
v 2
 8
6 
max
25 =
+
2
g
g
 
50 ×
9.8 =
5.92ms
v max =
14

1

Option (c) is correct.

8 57. mg sin θ = 170 × 10 × 15 = 906.67 N µ
8
57. mg sin θ = 170 × 10 × 15 = 906.67 N
µ = 0.4
B
f 2
T
µ = 0.2
T
A
f 1
θ
15
(max)
= 0.2 ×
170 ×
10
×
= 300 N
f 1
17
15
(max)
= 0.4 ×
170 ×
10
×
f 2
17
mg sin θ
mg sin θ
= 600 N 17 θ
= 600 N
17
θ

15

8

The whole system will accelerate as mg sin θ is greater than both f 1 (max) and

f 2 (max).

Total force of friction

(max)

= f

1

+ f

2

(max)

= 900 N

Option (a) is correct.

58. mg sin θ − 300 T = ma

…(i)

and mg sin θ + T = ma

…(ii)

Substituting Eq. (i) by Eq. (ii), 2T + 300 = 0

T

= − 150 N

= 150 N, compressive.

Option (a) is correct.

102 | Mechanics-1

More than One Correct Options

1.

(a) Normal force between A and B = m g

2

T F A T 2 N 2 N B T T
T
F A T
2 N
2 N
B T
T

= 1 × 10 = 10 N Force of limiting friction by B on A (or by A on B)

= µ × 10 = 2 N

Total force opposing applied external force

F = 2N + T

= 2 N + 2 N

= 4 N

Thus, if F 4 N The block A will remain stationary and so block B also. The system will be in equilibrium. Option (a) is correct.

(b) If F > 4 N

F T 2 = 1 a and

…(i)

Adding above equation

…(ii)

F 4 = 2a

T 2 = 1a

i.e.,

F = 4

+ 2a

For F > 4 N

 

2a + 4 > 4

or

a > 0

T

2> 0

i.e.,

T > 2 N

Option (b) is incorrect.

(c) Block A will move over B only when

F > 4 N and then the frictional force between the blocks will be 2 N if a is just 0 [as explained in (b)].

Option (c) is correct.

(d)

If F = 6 N using Eq. (ii)

2a = 6 4

a = 1 m/s 2

Using Eq. (i),

T 2 = 1

i.e.,

Option (d) is correct.

T = 3 N

2. At point A T 1 α T 1 A β T 2 T 2
2. At point A
T 1
α
T 1
A
β
T 2
T 2
=mg
B F
mg
T
cos α =
T
cos β +
mg
…(i)
1
2
and T
sin α =
T sin β
…(ii)
1
2
At point B
T
2 cos β
=
mg
…(iii)
T 2 sin β =
F
mg
…(iv)

Using Eq. (iii) in Eq. (i),

T

1

cos α = 2

T

2

cos β

…(v)

Dividing Eq. (ii) by Eq. (v),

2 tan α = tan β

Option (a) is correct.

…(vi)

Squaring and adding Eqs. (iii) and (v), 2 2 2 2 T 2 = 4
Squaring and adding Eqs. (iii) and (v),
2
2
2
2
T
2 = 4
T
cos
β +
T
sin
β
…(vii)
1
2
2
Dividing Eq. (iii) by Eq. (iv)
√2
1
β

1

tan β = 1

1

cos β =

2
2

= sin β

Substituting the values of sin β and cos β in Eq. (vii)

2

T

1

2

  

1


2

   +

1

= T

4

T

2

2

2

2

= 5 T

2

2

2

⇒ 2 T = 5 T 1 2 Option (c) is correct. 3. Displacement of
2
T
=
5
T
1
2
Option (c) is correct.
3. Displacement of block in 4 s
–1 v (ms ) φ θ O 4 t (s)
–1
v (ms
)
φ
θ
O
4 t (s)

S

= Area under curve

= 16 m.

K =Workdone by frictional force

1

×

1

×

4

2

= µ ×

1

×

10

×

16

2

⇒ µ = 0.1

Option (a) is correct.

Option (b) is incorrect.

Acceleration,

a = tan φ

= tan (π − θ)

= − tan θ

= − 1 m/s 2

If half rough retardation = 0.5 m/s 2

16

=

4

t +

i.e.,

t

2 16

t

1

2

(0.5) t

2

+ 64 = 0

or

t = 8 s Option (d) is correct. Option (c) is incorrect.

4. Let acceleration of wedge ( A) = a

a ma sin θ N F = mg cos θ ma (Pseudo F N sin
a ma sin θ
N F = mg cos θ
ma (Pseudo
F
N sin θ
force)
θ mg
A
M
θ

Laws of Motion | 103

or a (M + m sin

2 θ

) = mg cos

θ

sin

θ

i.e.,

 

mg cos

θ

sin

θ

a =

=

=

M

+ m sin

2 θ

 
 

0.6 ×

g

×

cos

45

°

sin

45

°

1.7

+

(

0.6

×

sin

2

45

°

)

3 g

 

17

+ 3

 

= 3

g

 

20

Let a B = Acceleration of block B

Net force on B (along inclined plane)

ma

B =

a

B

=

ma

a

cos θ +

cos θ +

g

mg

sin θ

sin θ

Thus, (a ) = (a cos θ + g sin θ ) cos θ B
Thus, (a )
=
(a cos
θ +
g sin
θ
) cos
θ
B
V
= a cos
2 θ
+ g sin
θ
cos
θ
1
= (a + g)
2
3 g
1
=  
+ g 
20
2
23 g
=
40
(a
(a cos
θ +
g sin
θ
) sin
θ −
a
B )
H =
23 g
3 g
=
40 20
17 g
=
40
5.
f
(max.) = µ
m
1
1
A g
T(pull) = 125 N
f 1
A
f 1
B
f 2
= 0.3 × 60 × 10
=
F net on B = f 1 (max.)
180 N
+ T

= 180 + 125

= 305 N

N

+ masin θ = mg cos θ

A will remain stationary as

N

= mg cos θ − masin θ

T

< f 1 (max.)

Acceleration of

N sin θ

a

=

M

or Ma = (mg cos θ − ma sin θ ) sin θ

f 1 = 125 N

Force of friction acting between A and

B = 125 N

Options (c) and (d) are incorrect.

104 | Mechanics-1

f

2

(max) = µ

2

(

m

A

+

m

B

)

g

= 0.2(60 + 40)10

= 200 N

(a) F C T
(a)
F C
T

17.5 N

37.5 N

7.5 N B
7.5 N
B

T

 

f 1 +

T

= 125 + 125 = 250 N

 

17.5 N

(max. block B /along the A

as A is stationary) will move towards right

As, f

1

+

T

>

f

2

T

F

= 17.5 + 7.5 = 25 N

= T + 37.5 + 17.5 = 80 N

with acceleration.

 

(c)

T 7.5 17.5 = 4a

…(i)

Option (a) is correct.

 

F

T 37.5 17.5 = 8a

…(ii)

 

(

f

1

+

T

)

f

2

(max.)

F

= 200 N

…(iii)

 

a

B =

m

B

+

m

A

Solving these equations we get,

 

250

200

 

a = 10 m/s 2

=

=

40

+

60

0.5 m/s 2

Option (b) is correct.

6. (See solution to Question no. 4). m ma A a
6. (See solution to Question no. 4).
m
ma
A
a

N = mg cos θ − masin θ Option (c) is correct and option

incorrect. As angle between the directions of a and g sin θ will be less than 90°, acceleration of block A will be more than g sin θ.

(d)

is

A a θ > g sin θ a net
A
a
θ
> g sin θ
a net

Option (a) is correct and option incorrect.

(b)

is

7. Maximum value of friction. f 1 = between A and B

=