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5 Laws of Motion
5 Laws of Motion
5 Laws of Motion

5

5 Laws of Motion

Laws of Motion

1.

2.

Introductory Exercise 5.1

N = Normal force on cylinder by plank

R θ w f N
R
θ
w
f
N

Force acting on cylinder

R = Normal force on cylinder by ground, f = Force of friction by ground
R
= Normal force on cylinder by ground,
f
= Force of friction by ground by cylinder,
w
= Weight of cylinder.
N cos θ = f
w + N sin θ = R,
N(R) = Reaction to N,
N(R)
Q O
R'
(Force acting on
plank)
w
θ
f'
P
Ground

i.e.,normal force on plank by cylinder R′ = Normal force on plank by ground, w = Weight of plank, f ′ = frictional force on plank by ground.

Resultant of f and R, N(R) and w pass through point O.

N A R Force on sphere A θ w
N
A
R Force on sphere A
θ
w

N'

R

= Normal force on sphere A by left wall,

N

= Normal force on sphere A by ground,

N ′ = Normal force on sphere A by sphere B,

w A = Weight of sphere A. Ncos θ = R

R'

N ′sin θ + B θ O
N ′sin θ +
B
θ O

w B

w

A

=

N (R)

N

R Force of sphere B

R′ = Normal force on sphere B by right

wall,

N(R) = Reaction to N i.e. normal force on

sphere B by sphere A,

w B = Weight of sphere B,

R, N(R) and w B pass through point O, the centre sphere B.

3. N = Normal force on sphere by wall,

C

A

θ B N O w
θ
B
N
O
w

Laws of Motion 75

w

= Weight of sphere,

7.

T

= Tension in string.

Weight of sphere, 7. T = Tension in string. → R cos 30° + 3 =
R cos 30° + 3 = f cos 60° R f 30° 60° 3N 10
R cos 30° + 3 = f cos 60°
R
f
30°
60°
3N
10 N
60°
R
3
f
i.e.,
+
3 =
2 2
or
R
3
and
R sin 30° +
+ 6 = f
f sin 60° = 10
…(i)
1
i.e.,
R
+ f
= 10
2
2
or
R + f
= 20
…(ii)
Substituting the value of f from Eq. (i) in
Eq. (ii)

4. Component of F 1

along x-axis : 4 cos 30° = 2 3 N

along y-axis : 4 sin 30° = 2 N

Component of F 2

along x-axis : 4 cos 120° = − 2 N

of F 2 along x -axis : 4 cos 120 ° = − 2 N along

along y-axis : 4 sin 120° = 2 3 N

Component of F 3

along x-axis : 6 cos 270° = 0 N

along y-axis : 6 sin 270° = − 6 N

Component of F 4

along x-axis : 4 cos 0° = 4 N

along y-axis : 4 sin 0° = 0 N

5. Taking moment about point A

 

R + (R

3 + 6) 4R + 6 20 − 6 3
3 + 6)
4R + 6
20
6
3

3 = 20

3 = 20

 

R =

= 2.4 N

4

f = (2.4) = 10.16 N

4 f = (2.4) = 10.16 N 3 + 6

3 + 6

 

8. At

point

B

(instantaneous

vertical

acceleration only)

 

N

 
A T T 45° B mg
A
T
T 45°
B
mg
 

mg T sin 45° = ma

…(i)

At

point

A

(instantaneous

horizontal

acceleration only)

T cos

45° = ma

…(ii)

T T sin 30°

O 30° A B AB = l w
O
30°
A
B
AB = l
w

(T sin

AB = l

30 °

) l

=

w l

2

T = w

See figure (answer to question no. 3) OA

6.

sin θ =

=

OB

a

+

BC

1

a

+

a

=

2

T cos 30° = w 3 T = w
T cos 30° = w
3
T
= w

or

or

2

T =

2

3
3

w

Combining Eqs. (i) and (ii) mg ma = ma

a

g

= 2

76 | Mechanics-1

Introductory Exercise 5.2

1. Acceleration of system

120)

(

+

+

(

50)

a =

1

+

4

+

2

= 10 m/s 2

Let normal force between 1 kg block and 4 kg block = F 1

Net force on 1 kg block = 120 N = 120 F

a

1

1

or

i.e.,

10

=

120

F

1

F 1 = 110 N Net force on 2 kg block = 2 × a

= 2 × 10

T θ mg θ =30° v (constant)
T
θ
mg
θ =30°
v (constant)

Tension in spring = mg

= 1 × 10

= 10 N

= 20 N 5. Pseudo force ( = ma) on plumb-bob will be as shown
= 20 N
5. Pseudo force ( = ma) on plumb-bob will be
as shown in figure
2. As, 4 g sin 30° > 2g sin 30°
The normal force between the two blocks
will be zero.
3. mg
a
T φ
N R
(
) =
ma
4
mg
N
θ
=
30°
a
ma
T cos φ = mg + macos (90° − θ)
A
i.e.,
T cos φ = mg + ma sin θ
…(i)
mg
N (R) = N
and
T
sin φ = ma cos θ
Squaring and adding Eqs. (i) and (ii),
mg
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
N
=
T
=
m
g
+
m a
sin
+ m a
θ + 2
m ag
sin θ
4
2
2
2
cos
θ
…(iii)
As lift is moving downward with
acceleration a, the pseudo force on A will
be ma acting in the upward direction.
For the block to be at rest w.r.t. lift.
N + ma = mg
2
2
2
2
2
2
T
=
m
g
+
m a
+
m ag
( θ = 30°)
2
g
g
g
2
2
2
2
=
m
g
+ m
+
m
⋅ g
( a
)
4
2
= 2
2
2
7
m
g
=
4
mg +
or
ma
=
mg
mg
7
4
or
T =
3
2
a =
g
90° – θ
4
=
5
7 N

4. Angle made by the string with the normal to the ceiling = θ = 30° As the train is moving with constant velocity no pseudo force will act on the plumb-bob.

Dividing Eq. (i) by Eq. (ii), ma cos θ

tan φ =

mg

+

ma sin θ

i.e.,

=

a cos θ

g

+

a sin θ

cos θ

= 2 + sin θ cos 30 ° = 2 + sin 30 ° 3
=
2
+ sin
θ
cos 30 °
=
2
+
sin
30 °
3
=
5
3 
1
φ = tan
5
 
 

6.

Laws of Motion 77

2kg

A

B

1kg

 
   
 

8

= 2 m/s 2

 

a =

2

+

1

+

1

F = 8 N

2kg

T

1

T

1

 

B

1kg

A

 

T 2 T 2

Net force on 1 kg mass = 8 T

Net force on 1 kg block = T 1

2

8

T

= T 2 = 6 N

2

1

×

2

T

1 = 2

a

= 2 × 2 = 4 N

8 N

Introductory Exercise 5.3

1. F = 2g sin 30° = g

T 1 T 1 T 1 T 2 T 2 F mg T 2 T
T
1
T
1
T
1
T 2 T 2 F
mg
T 2
T 2
2 g

For the system to remain at rest

…(i)

…(ii)

=

=

…(iii)

Substituting the values of T 1 and T 2 from Eqs. (iii) and (i) in Eq. [ii(a)]

…[ii (a)]

or

T

2

T

2

2 = 2

g

+

+

F

g

T 1 =

T

1

T

1

mg

T

i.e.,

2g + g = mg

m = 3 kg

2. As net downward force on the system is zero, the system will be in equilibrium

T 1 T 1 T 1 T 1 4g T 2 T 2 1g
T
1
T
1
T
1
T
1
4g
T
2
T
2
1g

3g

 

T

1

and

T

2

T

1

T

2

3.

2g T = 2a

=

=

4

1 g

g

= 4

a

T T T T 1g 2g
T
T
T
T
1g
2g

a

78 | Mechanics-1

T 1g = 1a Adding above two equations 1g = 3a

a

=

g

 

3

Velocity of 1kg block 1 section after the system is set in motion v = 0 + at

=

=

g

3

g

3

1

(upward)

On stopping 2 kg, the block of 1kg will go upwards with retardation g. Time (t) taken by the 1 kg block to attain zero velocity will be given by the equation.

0 = 

g

1

3 s

3

t′ =

+

(

g) t

If the 2 kg block is stopped just for a moment (time being much-much less than s), it will also start falling down when

3

the stopping time ends.

1

In t′ 

=

1

3 s

1 kg block

   time upward displacement of

=

u

2

(

g

/

3

)

2

g

=

=

2

a

2

g

18

Downward displacement of 2 kg block

4.

=

1

2

at

2

=

1

2

g

⋅ 

g

3

2

=

g

18

As the two are just equal, the string will

1

again become taut after time 3 s.

F + 1g T = 1a

a

T T T T 1g F 2g
T
T
T
T
1g
F
2g

a

…(i)

and

T 2g = 2a

Adding Eqs. (i) and (ii), F 1g = 3a

a = 20 10 = 10

3

3

ms 2

…(ii)

Introductory Exercise 5.4

1. 2T = 2 × a

…(i)

Acceleration of 1 kg block

2 g 20 2 a = = ms −2 a 3 3 T T 2T
2 g
20
2 a
=
=
ms −2
a
3
3
T
T
2T
2T
Tension in the string
2 kg
T
T
g
10
T
T =
=
N
3
3
T
2. Mg − T = Ma
2a
T
T
1g
T
T
M
T
a
and
1g
− T = 2a
…(ii)
T
Solving Eqs. (i) and (ii),
g
a
=
mg
3

…(i)

a

T = Ma

Solving Eqs. (i) and (ii)

and

g

a

= 2 T = Mg

…(ii)

3. Block of mass M will be at rest if

or

Laws of Motion 79

T

=

4

g

+

= 24 g

5

g

5

Substituting value of above value of T in Eq. (i),

M = 24 5 = 4.8 kg T 4. = m 1 ⋅ 2 a
M = 24
5
= 4.8 kg
T
4.
= m
1 ⋅ 2
a
T
T
2
T
M
a
T
T/2
T/2
Mg
2a
T
T
F
T/2
T/2
T/2
T/2
T/2
i.e.,
T = 4m a
…(i)
1
T/2
F − T = m a
…(ii)
2
a
a
or
F − 4m a = m a
3g
1
2
F
or
a
=
2g
4
m
+
m
1
2
T = Mg
…(i)
0.40
=
For the motion of block of mass 3 kg
(4
×
0.3)
+
0.2
T
3
g
=
3 a
…(ii)
0.40
=
2
1.4
For the motion of block of mass 2 kg
T
=
2 ms −2
− 2
g
= 2
a
…(iii)
7
2
T = 4m a
1
Adding Eqs. (ii) and (iii),
=
4 ×
0.3
× 2
g = 5a
7
g
i.e.,
a
= 2.4
= 5

Substituting above value of a in Eq. (iii),

T

2

= 2(

g

+

a

)

=

7

12

35

N

80 | Mechanics-1

Introductory Exercise 5.5

1. Block on triangular block will not slip if

m a cos θ N 1 m a 1 m 1 g cos θ m
m a cos θ
N
1
m a
1
m 1 g cos θ
m g sin θ
1
N sin θ
m a sin θ
1
θ
T
N
T
M
a
Mg
m a
cos θ
a = g
=
m g
sin θ
1
1
i.e.,
tan θ
…(i)
N = m g
cos θ
+ m a sin θ
…(ii)
1
1

For the movement of triangular block

1

2. + ut +

0

2

(a) Using s = s

Displacement of block at time t relative to

car would be

at

2

of block at time t relative to car would be at 2 a = 5 i

a = 5i ms

–2

at time t relative to car would be at 2 a = 5 i ms –2

–2

a = – 5i ms u = 10i ms

O

 
  –1  

–1

 
 
  (at t = 0)   v = 0

(at t = 0)

 

v = 0

x 0

 
x 0   Car x

Car

x

 

x = x

0

+

10

t +

1

2 (

5)

t

2

x = x

0

+

10

t

2.5

t

2

or

Velocity of block at time t (relative to car) will be

v =

dx

= 10 5t

dt

(b)

Time (t) for the block to arrive at the

T − N sin θ = m a …(iii) 2 original position (i.e., x =
T − N sin θ = m a
…(iii)
2
original position (i.e., x = x 0 ) relative to
car
For the movement of the block of mass M
2
x
= x
+ 10
t
− 2.5
t
0
0
Mg − T = Ma
Adding Eqs. (iii) and (iv),
Mg − N sin θ = (m
…(iv)
t = 4 s
3. In car’s frame position of object at time
(a)
+ M) a
2
Substituting the value of N from Eq. (ii) in
the above equation
t would be given by
In car’s frame
Mg − (m g cos
θ +
m asin )sin
θ
θ
(at t = 0 s)
x 0
1
1
O
x
–2
z 0
a = 5i ms
= (m a + Ma)
2
v = 0
–2
i.e., M( g − a) = m g cos
θ
sin
θ
a = –5 ms
1
–1
u = 10k ms
+ (m
+ m
sin
2 θ
) a
2
1
Substituting value of a from Eq. (i) in the
above equation,
z
M(1
− tan
θ
)
=
m cos
θ
sin
θ
1
2
+ (m
+ m
sin
2 θ
) tan
θ
x = x
0 × t +
0 +
2
1
1
2 (
5)
t
m
1 cos
θ
sin
θ
+
(
m
+
m
sin
2 θ
) tan
θ
2
1
∴M =
2
i.e.,
x = x
2.5
t
…(i)
0
(
1 −
tan
θ
)
and
z = z + 10 t
…(ii)

Substituting θ = 30°

, m

1

= 1 kg and m 2 = 4 kg

M =

=

=

(cos

30

°

sin

30

°+

4

+

sin

2

30

°

) tan

30

°

 

(

1

tan

30

°

)

0.443 + 4.25 0.577

(

)(

)

6.82 kg

0.423

Velocity of the object at time t would be

and

v x =

dx

dt

= − 5 t

v

z =

dz

dt

= 10

…(iii)

…(iv)

(b) In ground frame the position of the object at time t would be given by

In ground frame

At t = 0 x 0 O z a = 5i ms 0 v =
At t = 0
x 0
O
z
a = 5i ms
0
v
= 0
–1
u = 10k ms
and
x = x 0
z = z
+
10 t
0

–2

Velocity of the object at time t would be dx v x = = 0
Velocity of the object at time t would be
dx
v x =
= 0
dt
dz
− 1
and
v z =
= 10 ms
dt
4.
m = 2 kg
–1
u = 10i ms
x 0
O
x
–2
a
= 5i ms
v
= 0

z

Laws of Motion 81

Net deceleration = (3 + 5) m/s 2

= 8 m/s 2

Displacement of object at any time t

(relative to car)

10

t +

10

t

1

2 (

t

4

2

8)

t

2

x

= x

0

+

x = x

0

+

or

Thus, velocity of object at any time t (relative to car)

v

x =

dx

dt

= 10 8 t

The object will stop moving relative to car when

10 8t = 0 i.e., t = 1.25 s

For block not to slide the frictional force ( f ) would be given by

v

x = 10 8

t

for

0 < t < 1.25 s

f –2 a = 3 ms ma mg sin θ θ
f
–2
a = 3 ms
ma
mg sin θ
θ

θ = 37°

f + macos θ = mg sin θ Normal force on object = mg Maximum
f + macos θ = mg sin θ
Normal force on object = mg
Maximum sliding friction = µ s mg
= 0.3 × 2 × 10 = 6 N
or
f = mg sin θ − ma cos θ
3
4
= m × 10 ×
− m ×
3
×
5
5
6
Deceleration due to friction =
= 3 m/s 2
18
9
2
=
m =
5 25 mg
Deceleration due to pseudo force = 5 m/s 2
AIEEE Corner
Subjective Questions (Level 1)
T T
1.
FBD is given in the answer.
1
At point P, F
= and
1 =
T
1
2
2
2
2.
FBD is given in the answer.
T
T
1
At point Q, F
= 1
and
W
=
3.
FBD is given in the answer.
2
2
2
4.
5.
T 2
N B
F 1
P 45°
30°
T 1
N A
T 1 45°
W
F 2
Q
N
sin 30° =
N
A
B
and N
A cos 30° =
W

W

82 | Mechanics-1 6. T 2 45° T 1 W T 2 = W and
82 | Mechanics-1
6.
T
2
45°
T
1
W
T
2
= W and
2
T
2
= T
1
2
7.
f
40 N
x
N
10 cm

8.

W = 20 N

and N = 40 f = 20 f × 10 = N × x N
and
N = 40
f = 20
f × 10 = N × x
N
T
30°
f
30°

W

T + f cos 30° = N sin 30° N cos 30°+ f sin 30° = W T × R = fR

9.

V

° N cos 30 °+ f sin 30 ° = W T × R = fR
° N cos 30 °+ f sin 30 ° = W T × R = fR
° N cos 30 °+ f sin 30 ° = W T × R = fR

3 T

2

O

cos 30 °+ f sin 30 ° = W T × R = fR 9. V
cos 30 °+ f sin 30 ° = W T × R = fR 9. V

H

30 °+ f sin 30 ° = W T × R = fR 9. V 3

T/2

W

V +

3 T = W …(i) 2 T H = …(ii) 2
3 T
= W
…(i)
2
T
H
=
…(ii)
2

Net moment about O = zero

 

.

 

10.

(a)

 

(b)

(c)

 

11.

a =

 

(a)

(b)

…(i)

…(ii)

…(iii)

 

12.

(a)

 

(b)

…(i)

…(ii)

…(iii)

W ×

l 3 T =
l
3
T
=

× l

2 2

…(iii)

a =

100

40

= 3 m/s

2

6

+

4

+

10

Net force = ma

F

6

= 18 N,

F

4

= 12 N and F 10 = 30 N

N 40 = F

10

= 30

 

N = 70

N.

F

=

60

= 1m/s 2

 

m

1

+

T 2

m

2

T

1

T

1

+

=

=

m

3

m a

1

m a

2

60

= 10 N

T 2 10 = 20

T 2 = 30 N

T 1 = 0. New acceleration

60 a′ = = 1.2m s 2 / 50 = m a ′ = 24
60
a′ =
= 1.2m s 2
/
50
=
m a
′ = 24 N
T 2
2
T
1
0.1 kg
a
1.9 kg
2 g
T
1 − 2
g
= 2
a

a

T 2

 
 

2.9

kg

 
0.2 kg

0.2 kg

1.9

kg

5 g g

 

T

2 5

g

= 5

a

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

(a) a =

200 16 g

16

(b) T

1 11

g

= 11

(c) T

2 9

g

= 9

a

a

If the monkey exerts a force F on the rope upwards, then same force F transfers to bananas also. If monkey releases her hold on rope both monkey and bananas fall freely under gravity.

Tension on B = T

Tension on A = 3T

Now in these situations a 1

T

x

Differentiating twice w.r.t. time we get the acceleration relation.

A

+

x

C

+ 2

x

B

= constant.

a B θ a A θ
a
B
θ
a
A
θ
 

a

A

a

B

a

A

=

a

B

x

+

y

= 6

…(i)

 

y

x = 4

 

…(ii)

Solving, we get

 
 

x = 1 m/s 2

 
 

a =

7

g

3

g

 

10

 
 

30

40

+ T

1

1

T

2

= sin θ

T

4

a

sin θ

x 1 x y 2 y 3
x
1
x
y
2
y
3

= 4 m/s 2

T =

a

a 3 10 = 1

= 3

20.

Laws of Motion 83 a T = T 2 1 1 T 1 a T
Laws of Motion 83
a
T
= T
2
1
1
T
1
a
T 1
2
2T 1
T
1
T
1
a
r
2
a r
3

21.

T 1 = 1 a − 20 = 2( a − a / 2) T
T
1 = 1
a
− 20 = 2(
a
a / 2)
T 1
r
30
− T
=
3
(
a
r + a
/
2 )
1
a
T
2T
M
2M
2 Mg
T − Mg sin 30° = Ma
a
2
Mg
2
T
=
2
M
2
Mg sin 30°
22. T = 1a 10 − T = 1a 23. 2T 2T B A 2a
22.
T = 1a
10 − T = 1a
23.
2T
2T
B
A
2a
a
50 40
50 − 2T = 5a
T − 40 = 4(2a)
24.
(a) N = 40 N, µ s
N = 24 N
F
< µ
s N

f = 20 N and a = 0

 

…(i)

…(ii)

…(iii)

a

2

 

…(i)

…(ii)

…(i)

…(ii)

…(i)

…(ii)

(b) N = 20 N, µ s N = 12 N

and µ k N = 8 N

84 | Mechanics-1

and

F

> µ

N

N

= 8 N

s

f

a =

= µ

k

20

8

=

6 m/s 2

2

(c) N = 60 20 = 40 N

µ s N = 8 N and

µ k N = 4 N

Since, F

and

cos 45°> µ

s

f

a = 20 4

= µ

k

N

= 4 N

N

=

6

8 m/s 2

3

25. a = µ g = 3 m/s 2

(a) v = at

6 = 3t or t = 2 s

(b) s =

1

at

2

2

s =

1

2

×

3

×

4

= 6 m.

26. f = 0.4 × 1 × 10 = 4 N

a 1 1 kg
a 1
1 kg

f

a 2 2 kg f a f = 4 m/s 2 = 1 1 f
a 2
2 kg
f
a f
= 4 m/s 2
=
1 1
f
a
= 2 m/s 2
=
2
2

(a) Relative motion will stop when

or

(b)

(c)

v 2 + 4t = 8 2t

=

1

v

2

t = 1 s

v 1 = 2 + 4 × 1 = 6 m/s

a t

s u

= v

=

2

t

+

1

2

1

2

1

2

a t

2

2

1 1

s

2

=

u t

2

27.

f = (0.6)(2)(10) = 12 N

a 2 2 kg –ve +ve f a 1 f 1 kg 12 = =
a 2
2 kg
–ve
+ve
f
a 1
f
1 kg
12
=
= 6 m/s 2
a 2
2
12
and a 1 =
= 12 m/s 2
1

(a) Relative motion will stop when

or

or

u

1

v

a t

v

=

1

2

+

3 6t = −18

+

1

=

u

2

t = 7

6 s

a t

2

+ 12t

(b) Common velocity at this instant is

28.

v 1 or v 2 .

(c) s

1

=

u t

1

+

1

2

a t

1

2

s 2

=

and

u 2

t

+

1

2

a t

2

2

N = 20 N µ s N = 16 N

and µ k N = 12 N

Since, W

=

20 N > µ s N, friction µ k N will

act.

29.

30.

a =

20

12

2

= 4 m/s 2

N = 20 N µN = 16 N Block will start moving when

or

or

After 8 s

a

2

t

16

=

2

=

F = µN

2t = 16 t = 8 s.

t

8

i.e., a-t graph is a straight line with

positive slope and negative intercept.

N = 60 N, µ s N = 36 N, µ k N = 24 N

Block will start moving when

F

= µ

s

N

 

or

4t = 36

 

t = 9 s

 

After 9 s

a =

4

t

24

=

2

t

4

 
 

6

3

31.

N = mg cos θ = 30 N

 

mg sin 30° = 30

3 N ≈

3 N

52 N.

 

µ s N = 18 N and

(a)

µ k

52 N

N = 12 N

F 18 N
F
18 N

F = 52 18 = 34 N.

Objective Questions (Level-1) Single Correct Option

1.

2.

3.

4.

a =

mg

F

m

=

g

F

m

g

m

a

A

A

>

>

m

B

a

B

or ball A reaches earlier.

a =

4

g

2

g

=

Now, 2

6

g

T =

=

3

2

g

T

4 g

3

= 13 N

3

T 2

T 1 30° 100 N 3 T 1
T 1
30°
100 N
3 T
1

= 100

2

T 1 = T

2

2

T

a
a

mg

…(i)

…(ii)

(b)

52 N

Laws of Motion 85

F v 12 N
F
v
12 N

F + 12 = 52

F = 40 N

(c) a F 52 N 12 N F − 52 − 12 = 6 ×
(c)
a F
52 N
12 N
F − 52 − 12 = 6 × 4

F = 88 N

5.

6.

mg T = ma

a

min

2

=

g

T

max

m

mg

3

=

g

g

10

g

m

5

3

g

=

=

g

a =

10

g

15

T

=

10

×

3

g

3

20 g

3

=

mg

= 0

balance.

mg

a =

T =

30 °−

2

sin

3 m

Reading of spring

T = mg

sin θ−µ

sin θ =

a

Now t =

7. a

1 =

2

=

g

g

g

g

cos θ=

sin 45°

t 1

t 2

g

sin 45°−µ

1

a a 2 = a 1
a
a
2
=
a
1

sin 45 ° t 1 t 2 g sin 45 °−µ 1 a a 2 =

or t

or

2 =

 

g sin 45 °

 
g sin 45 °− µ g cos 45 °

g

sin

45

°−

µ

g

cos

45

°

Solving, we get µ = 3

4

g

cos 45°

86 | Mechanics-1

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

F

1

F

2

=

=

mg

mg

sin θ

sin θ − µ

+ µ

mg

mg

F

Given that F

1

= 2

2

cos θ

cos

θ

For equilibrium of block, net force from plane should be equal and opposite of weight.

No solution is required.

− 1 Angle of repose θ = tan ( µ ) = 30 ° θ
− 1
Angle of repose θ =
tan
(
µ
)
=
30 °
θ
h
3 
∴ h = R − R
cos θ
=
1
R
2 
Net pulling force = 15g − 5g = 10g = F

Net retarding force = (0.2)(5g) = g = f

13.

F − f 9 ∴ a = = g 25 25 9 T − 5
F
f
9
∴ a =
=
g
25
25
9
T
5
g
=
5
a
=
g
1
5
34
T
=
g
1
5
27
15
g − T
=
15
a =
g
2
5
48
=
g
∴ T 2
5
T
17
1
=
T
24
2
a
v
θ
Relative to lift, a
r = (
g
+
a ) sin θ along the
plane.
2
s
Now, t =
a r
2L
=
(g
+
a) sin θ

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

f = mg sin θ (if block is at rest) 2T cos 30° = F
f = mg sin θ
(if block is at rest)
2T cos 30° = F
60°
T
30°
a
F
F
T
=
3
T cos 60°
a =

m

F

= 2 3 m F θ
=
2
3 m
F
θ

N = mg F sin θ

µN = (tan φ) N = (tan φ)(mg F sin θ)

F cos θ = µN

µmg = 0.2 × 4 × 10 = 8 N

At t = 2 s, F = 4 N Since F < µmg

Force of friction f = F = 4 N

a 1 sin θ = g a = g sin θ − µ g cos
a 1 sin θ
=
g
a
=
g
sin θ − µ
g
cos θ
2
1
t
=
25 or t ∝
a
a
t
a
1
2
=
t
a
2
1
g
sin
θ
µ
g
cos
θ
1 =
2
g sin θ
Net accelaration of man relative to ground
= a + a = 2a

T mg = m (2a)

T = m( g + 2a)

a = 0 3F = (50 + 25)g = 75g

F = 25 g = 250 N

21.

A A A A A A A A A N N N N N N
A
A
A
A
A
A
A A
A
N N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1
4
4
4 4
4
4
4
4
4
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
W
B
B
B
B
B
B
B B
B
3
3
3
3
3
3 m
3 3
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O O
µN 2
µN 2
µN 2
µN 2
µN 2
µN 2
µN 2
µN 2
µN 2
N
= µ
N
1
2
N 2 =
W
Net moment about B should be zero.
3 ∴ W × = N 1 × 4 2 22. N 1 N 2
3
∴ W ×
= N
1 × 4
2
22.
N 1
N 2
W
θ
N
f
N 2 =
W = 250
f
N
=
75 N
max = µ
2
1
Mg
Mg
g
2
23.
a =
=
M
2
a
F
f
1
M
M
Mg
T −
×
×
g
=
×
a
=
2
2
2
4
Mg
T
=

24.

2 F θ N = mg − F sin θ F cos θ = µ
2
F
θ
N = mg − F sin θ
F cos θ = µ N = µ(mg − F sin θ)
µ mg
F =
cos θ
+ µ sin θ

(always)

For F to be minimum, dF = 0 dθ

Laws of Motion 87 2 1 + µ µ θ 1 or tan θ =
Laws of Motion 87
2
1 + µ
µ
θ
1
or
tan θ = µ
µ
mg
F
min =
2
1
µ
+
2
2
1
+ µ
1 + µ
=
µ µ 2 mg
1
= 2 mg
25.
µmg = 32 N
Since
∴ f =
30 N

26.

27.

28.

29.

30N > µmg Normal reaction N = mg = 40 N

Net contact force =

(30)

2

+ (40)

2

= 50 N

 

2

kg

  2 kg 0.2

0.2

8

kg

   
8 kg    
 
 
 
 

f

kg 0.2 8 kg         f 0.5 25 N f m a x

0.5

25 N

f max = (0.5)(8 + 2)(10) = 50N > 25N

Blocks will not move and therefore force of friction between two blocks = 0.

mg sin θ = 10 × 10 ×