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Mr.

Fabians 7
th
Grade Title I Math Internet Research/Website Validity Page 1 of 7
Name: _________________________________ Date: ___________________ Period:_____

Proper Internet Research Techniques

The Internet is usually the first stop for students conducting research, but many do not
know how to search efficiently or effectively. In this lesson we will cover Internet search
strategies, features of several search engines, and citation of Internet sources.

DIRECTIONS: After you open this document, save it in your My Documents folder
(File/Save As). Type your answers directly on this document. Print when done and
submit for grade.

ASSIGNMENT 1: Comparing and Contrasting the Internet with Library resources

We will start by comparing and contrasting the Internet with more traditional
information sources. The following statements can apply to either the Internet or
books or both. Place the statement in the appropriate column. One answer has
been placed for you.

Much faster way of finding
information
Editors check and verify
information
Have to visit a library
Uses the Dewey Decimal
System
Uses Search Engines Is used by millions of people
each day
There are millions of places to
look
No one checks to see if the
information is true or false
Anyone can publish
information
A book has to be published by
a publishing company
Finding information can be
time consuming


Internet Books/Li brary Sources Both
A book has to be published by
a publishing company


















NOTES: When might using the Internet be better than using a traditional text?

1. Topics that are contemporary (modern topics) The Internet has more up-to-date
information on current events.

2. Topics that are controversial The Internet can give you a lot of different opinions
on one topic. It can help you research a topic from different perspectives.



Mr. Fabians 7
th
Grade Title I Math Internet Research/Website Validity Page 2 of 7
ASSIGNMENT 2: Exploring different types of Search Engines

NOTES:Regular Search Engines vs. Metasearch Engines

A regular search engine, like Google or Yahoo! searches the Internet based on a given
search term (what we call a keyword). For example, typing Web 2.0 into Google will
give you approximately 2,500,000 hits or sites to visit for information. Typing the same
term into Yahoo! will give you over 949,000 hits.

Go to Google (www.google.com) and type in Web 2.0 Look at the sites
that come up. Click on the first two or three sites. Do they look like they
have good information? Now do the same in Yahoo! (www.yahoo.com)
and ASK.COM (www.ask.com). Are the sites that come up the same?





Why do Google and Yahoo display different sites for the same word? They both
use different search methods. While many of the sites they find are the same, some are
different.

A Metasearch can streamline your search. A Metasearch has the ability to search
several search engines. Lets try using a metasearch engine to search information on
Web 2.0. CactiSearch (www.cactisearch.com) is a metasearch engine that will search
Google, Yahoo!, and Ask.com all at once!

Go to (www.cactisearch.com) and type in Web 2.0 The results are sorted
by search engine. You can look at all four search engines combined, or
narrow your search to Google, Yahoo!, etc. How might a metasearch
engine like CactiSearch be more helpful than a regular search engine?









Now go to (delicious.com) and set up an account on this BOOKMARKING site. Save
the cactisearch URL as your first bookmark.

There are other different types of search engines as well. Lets look at two more search
engines that can help you get better information about your topic.
Vivisimo (www.vivisimo.com) is a search engine that groups search results by category.



Place your answer here:
Place your answer here:



Mr. Fabians 7
th
Grade Title I Math Internet Research/Website Validity Page 3 of 7
Go to (www.vivisimo.com) and type in Web 2.0. Notice the categories
listed on the left-hand corner. You can use the categories to narrow your
information. List six categories you might use to write a report about Web
2.0. Save the URL in your DELICIOUS account.













Try this other search engine: (www.kartoo.com) and type in Web 2.0.
How might this site be more helpful than the other sites? What makes it
unique? Save the URL in your DELICIOUS account.













View the video Classroom Profile: Learning to Recognize Valid Research
Sources on The Internet. Why is using a site like (www.refdesk.com)
better for doing research on the Internet than using a keyword search in
Google? Save the URL in your DELICIOUS account.













Place your answer here:
Place your answer here:
Place your answer here:



Mr. Fabians 7
th
Grade Title I Math Internet Research/Website Validity Page 4 of 7
ASSIGNMENT 3: Smarter searching on the Internet (Using Boolean Operators)

Most Internet search engines also allow you to use a set of words or symbols to narrow
your search. These conventions are called BOOLEAN OPERATORS.

AND use this word when you want to find two words together. For example Web
2.0 AND voyage

OR use this when you can accept a couple of words. For example, Web 2.0 OR
European explorers

- (minus sign) or NOT use this symbol or the word NOT when you want to exclude
a word. For example, Web 2.0 -hotel or Web 2.0 NOT hotel

quotations use quotation marks when you are searching for an exact phrase.
For example, if you were searching for a book title, you could type The Voyage of
Web 2.0 in quotations and the search engine will look for that exact phrase.


Click icon to view video ! (http://www.commoncraft.com/search)



Go to (www.cactisearch.com). What would I type into the search box if I
wanted to find out about the Vasco da Gama Church?







What would I type into the search box if I wanted to find out about Vasco
da Gama or any other Portuguese explorers?






Heres a little exercise on the importance of using Boolean Operators. Go
to (www.google.com). Type the words bats in your belfy into the search
box.






Place your answer here:
Place your answer here:
How many results did you find?

Now go back and add quotation marks around the phrase. How many results did you
obtain this time?



Mr. Fabians 7
th
Grade Title I Math Internet Research/Website Validity Page 5 of 7
Now suppose you are looking for historical information about the medieval
Norsemen and their battles. Go to Alta Vista at (www.altavista.com). You
are looking for a place called the Kirk of Skulls. Type the words Kirk of
Skulls in the search field.









How can you tell if an Internet site is reliable?
**REMEMBER: Anyone can post information on the Internet!**

Make sure the information you are using comes from a person or organization that can
be trusted.

One simple way to tell if a site is reliable is to look at who runs the site. Usually,
looking at the first section of a web address will tell you where it came from. If it came
from a museum, university, or some other place youve heard of, chances are that it
can be trusted.

The following table provides questions that you can use to decide whether a website is
reliable. If the site contains several characteristics that are questionable, you probably
shouldnt use it!


Do large companies you know advertise on the site?
Are there any dead links, or links to moved pages?
Do the images support the stated facts?
Is the site hosted by a credible provider and reside in a trustworthy domain.
Are there links and references to other websites, resources and experts that corroborate this information?
Do the sites authors have other publications with credible sites and publishers?
Are the sites authors experts in the subject? (Do they have any credentials or experience around the topic?)
Is contact information provided and does the place/e-mail exist and work?
Is the site professional (grammar and typing errors are not present or very minimal)?
How many results did you find?

Now go back and add quotation marks around the phrase. How many results did you
obtain this time?



Mr. Fabians 7
th
Grade Title I Math Internet Research/Website Validity Page 6 of 7
ASSIGNMENT 4: Citing Your Sources

Citing your sources means telling people where you got your information. Just as you list
books and encyclopedias in your bibliography, you must also include the sources of
information you got from the Internet.

Citing your sources is important because it shows others how to find the same information
you found.

To cite a source on the Internet, you need to have a written record of the following
information for each website that you actually use in your report or essay:

o The name of the site and the author (Who made the website? A company?
An organization? An individual?)
o What day you found the information
o The web address or URL
o The copyright date for the website (usually found at the bottom of the
homepage)

Use the format below to add Internet resources to a bibliography:
Author. Title of Website. Web address or URL. Copyright date. Date you found
the information.
" For example, look at the following website on Web 2.0 and compare it to the
information below. (http://library.thinkquest.org/4034/dagama.html)
" Author: There is no specific author listed
" Title: ThinkQuest: Explorers of the Millennium
" Web address: http://library.thinkquest.org/4034/dagama.html
" Copyright date: 1998 (this is found by clicking on About this Site)
" Date Retrieved: April 30, 2006

A bibliographical citation for this website would look like this:

ThinkQuest: Explorers of the Millennium. http://library.thinkquest.org/4034/dagama.html. 1998.
Retrieved on April 30, 2006.

Go to (http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/gama_vasco_da.shtml)
Fill in the following information for this link.










How would you cite this source in a bibliography?



Place your answer here:
Author

Title

Web Address

Copyright date

Date Retrieved -

Place your answer here:




Mr. Fabians 7
th
Grade Title I Math Internet Research/Website Validity Page 7 of 7

Name: _________________________________ Date: ___________________ Period:_____

ASSIGNMENT 5: Quiz

Directions: Write True or False on the line for each question. Do Not just write the
letters T or F.

__________ 1. A meta-search tool lets you search only one search engine at a
time.

__________ 2. One advantage of a search engine is that your results have been
screened by real people.

__________ 3. The following information should be included when citing Internet
information in a bibliography: Author, Title, Web Address,
Copyright Date, and Date retrieved.

__________ 4. One of the ways to tell if the information on a website is reliable is
to check that the authors of the website are experts in their fields.

__________ 5. One simple way to tell if a site is reliable is to look at who runs the
site. Usually, looking at the first section of a web address will tell
you where it came from. If it came from a museum, university, or
some other place youve heard of, chances are that it can be
trusted.

__________ 6. The books that you find in your local library have more up-to-date
information than the Internet.