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SUMMER VACATION ASSIGNMENT

This assignment is due between the 30


th
July 2010 and 1
st
September 2010. This
means that it can be submitted the earliest July 30
th
or the latest September 1
st
2010. It
is to be done on paper, preferably typed and submitted in a folder. There will be
mars gi!en for presentation style and content. "aterial will be posted online to help
you with the content. #ou must eep the content at the $S%$ $&$ 'I()(*#
)%+%). T( ,( T-IS, use your te.t boos and the internet or any other resources to
assist you. Should you need any guidance or clarification, feel free to email your
teachers, post on the blog online, or email your classmates. #ou may wor
indi!idually or in groups of any si/e. In addition to your documented report, you will
also be re0uired to submit %IT-%1 a 2(ST%1 or a 2(3%12(I4T
21%S%4T5TI(4 S6""51ISI4* any aspect of the topic 7%g. +ectors, Insect )ife
-istory, ST,s, Types of ,iseases etc89. If you choose to create a powerpoint it
must be emailed to your teachers by September 1
st
2010. )ate submissions of any part
of this assignment will recei!e a 10: deduction from the o!erall mar.
DISEASES:
1. ,efine a disease and for each of the four main types of diseases listed below, gi!e
e.amples in both animals and plants, the causes, symptoms and methods of control
and treatment. #ou can put these in a table;
1. pathogenic
2. deficiency
3. hereditary
<. physiological
2. 'riefly summarise the difference between each of the four types of diseases listed
abo!e.
3. %.plain the role of diet and e.ercise in controlling hypertension and diabetes
7physiological diseases9.
<. ,efine what is a !ector and gi!e e.amples of !ectors.
=. %.plain how a !ector is capable of transmitting a disease.
>. 6sing a diagram, identify the stages in the life history?cycle of; 7i9 a mos0uito and
7ii9 a housefly.
@. Aor the insects abo!e, describe briefly what happens at each stage of its life
history?cycle. %g. )ar!a is found in water, swims and breathes through spiracles.
B. Suggest how you as a human being will control the spread of these insects at each
stage within their life cycle. %g. To ill lar!a, place oil into stagnant water or dispose
of garbage and containers etc8
C. ,iscuss the causati!e agent, method of transmission, symptoms, treatment and
method of control for the Se.ually Transmitted ,iseases; 5I,S, *onnorrhoea and
Syphilis.
10. ,efine immunity. There are two types of immunity; natural and artificial. %ach
type is further di!ided into acti!ely ac0uired and passi!ely ac0uired. Aor each type,
e.plain what it is, how it wors and gi!e e.amples.
11. %.plain the role of blood in protecting the body against diseases. 7Include in your
answer phagocytes and lymphocytes9.
There will be an attachment with information concerning ,16*S which is also a part
of ,IS%5S%S. This information is to be added to your notes and read for discussion
in class ne.t term.