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Constant Function:

Let 'A' and 'B' be any two nonempty sets, then a function ' ' from 'A' to 'B' is called
Constant Function if and only if range of ' ' is a singleton.
OR;
Let be a function then a function ' ' from 'A' to 'B' is called a constant function if
, whose is a constant.
e.g.



Algebraic Function:
The function defined by algebraic expression are called algebraic function.
e.g.
Polynomial Function:
A function of the form
Where 'n' is a positive integer and are real number is called a polynomial function of
degree 'n'.
Linear Function:
A polynomial function with degree ' ' is called a linear function. The most general form
of linear function is


Quadratic Function:
A polynomial function with degree '2' is called a Quadratic function.
The most general form of Quadratic equation is


Cubic Function:
A polynomial function with degree '3' is called cubic function.
The most general form of cubic function is


Identity Function:
Let be a function then ' ' is called on identity function. If .

Rational Function:
A function defined by , where both and are polynomial function is called,
rationalfunction.

Trigonometric Function:
A function , etc, then is called trigonometric function.

Exponential Function:
A function in which the variable appears as exponent (power) is called an exponential function
e.g. (i) (ii) .
Logarithmic Function:
A function in which the variable appears as an argument of logarithmic is called logarithmic function.
e.g. .
Hyperbolic Function:
The following are hyperbolic functions:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Inverse Hyperbolic Functions:
The following are inverse hyperbolic functions:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Explicit Function:
When the dependent function is expressed clearly in terms of the independent variables,
the function is said to be explicit function.
e.g. etc.
Implicit Function:
An implicit function is that which contains two or more variables that are not independent of each
other.
e.g.
etc.
Parametric Function:
A function in which 'x' and 'y' are expressed as functions of 3rd variables is called a
parametric function.
In term of same variables.
Example:
Show that the parametric equations and represent the equation .
Solution:
We have
(1)
(2)
Squaring and adding (1) and (2)
We have



But



Even Function:
A function is said to be an even function, if

e.g.
Replace 'x' by ' '



It is an even function.
Odd Function:
A function is said to be an odd function if

e.g.
Replace 'x' by ' '




To say that

means that (x) can be made as close as desired to L by making x close enough, but not equal,
to p.
The following definitions (known as (, )-definitions) are the generally accepted ones for the
limit of a function in various contexts.
The concept of the limit of a function at a point is formally introduced. Rules for
computing limits are also given, and some situations are described where the limit
does not exist.
By the end of your studying, you should know:
How to evaluate the limit of f(x) as x approaches a number a.
How to evaluate left-hand limits and right-hand limits.
The relationship between the limit of a function at a point, and left-hand and
right-hand limits of the function at the point.
How to evaluate limits of sums, differences, products, and quotients of
functions
How to evaluate limits involving absolute values.
On-screen applet instructions: Use the slider to let h -> 0 and investigate the limiting behavior of f(2 + h) as h ->
0. Compare approaching h = 0 from the right, and from the left. Why does, or doesn't, the limit exist at h = 0?

Examples
Let

and

What is

Evaluate the limit

Let


Find conditions on coefficients a and e so that