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7.0 CODES AND STANDARDS
7.1 GENERAL
It is not necessary for the Inspector to carry a wide range of codes and
standards in the performance of his/her duties. Normally the specification or more
precisely the contract specification is the only document required. However the
contract specification may reference supporting codes and standards and the
inspector should know where to access these normative documents.
The following is a list of definitions relating to codes and standards which the
Inspector may come across whilst carrying inspection duties
7.2 DEFINITIONS
Normative document a document that provides rules, guidelines or characteristics
for activities or their results.
The term normative document is a generic term, which covers documents such as
standards, technical specifications, codes of practice and regulations.*
Standard a document that is estalished y consensus and approved y a
recognised ody.
! standard provides, for common and repeated use, guidelines, rules, characteristics
for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order
in a given conte"t. *
!armoni"ed Standard" standards on the same su#ect approved y different
standardising odies, that estalish interchangeaility of products, processes and
services, or mutual understanding of test results or information provided according to
these standards*
Code o# $ractice a document that recommends practices or procedures for the
design, manufacture, installation, maintenance, utilisation of equipment, structures or
products.
! code of practice may e a standard, a part of a standard or independent of a
standard*
Re%u&ation a document providing inding legislative rules that is adopted y an
authority.*

Aut'orit( a ody $ responsile for standards and regulations legal or administrative
entity that has specific tasks and composition% that has legal powers and rights.*
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Re%u&ator( aut'orit( authority that is responsile for preparing or adopting
regulations*
En#orcement aut'orit( authority that is responsile for enforcing regulations*
S$eci#ication document stating requirements.
1eaning full data and its supporting medium stating needs or e"pectations that is
stated, generally implied or oligatory.**
)rocedure specified way to carry out an activity or a process*. 2sually it is a written
description of all essential parameters and precautions to e oserved when applying
a technique to a specific application following an estalished standard, code or
specification
In"truction a written description of the precise steps to e followed, ased on an
estalished procedure, standard, code or specification.
*ua&it( )&an a document specifying which procedures and associated resources
shall e applied y whom and when to a specific pro#ect, product, process or contract*
* I.3 I4- 5uide / 6 .tandardisation and related activities 6 5eneral vocaulary
** 4N I.3 7*** 6 /*** 6 8uality management systems 6 9undamentals and vocaulary

7.+ S,--AR.
!pplication standards and codes of practice ensure that a structure or
component will have an acceptale level of quality and e fit for the intended purpose.
!pplying the requirements of a standard, code of practice or specification can e a
prolem for the ine"perienced Inspector. -onfidence in applying the requirements of
one or all of these documents to a specific application only comes with use over a
period of time.
If in dout the Inspector must always refer to a higher authority in order to avoid
confusion and potential prolems.
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/S N,-/ER TITLE
/S 011 )art 1 G&o""ar( o# 2e&din% Term".
:. '*7 1ethods of destructive testing fusion welded #oints and weld metal in steel.
:. (((; .pecification for design and manufacture of water < tue steam
generating plant.
:. (=>; .pecification for filler materials for gas welding.
:. (?/( .pecification for class I o"y <acetylene welding of 9erritic steel pipe work for
carrying fluids.
:. /=7; 0ow alloy steel electrodes for 11! welding
:. /,;; .pecification for class I arc welding of 9erritic steel pipe work for carrying
fluids.
:. /,=* .pecification for class II o"y < acetylene welding of caron steel pipe work
9or carrying fluids.
:. /,>= .pecification for manufacture of vertical steel welded non < refrigerated
storage tanks with utt<welded shells for the petroleum industry.
:. /7*(@ Aart ; 9iller rods and wires for copper and copper alloys.
:. /7/, .pecification for chromium Bchromium < nickel steel electrodes for 11!
:. /7/, .pecification for chromium Bchromium < nickel steel electrodes for 11!
:. ;*(7 TI5 welding.
:. ;,*= .teel pipes and tues for pressure purposesC 9erritic alloy steel with
specified elevated temperature properties for pressure purposes.
:. ;,*> .pecification for seamless tues.
/S 0313 S$eci#ication #or 4e&din% o# "tee& $i$e&ine" on &and and o##"'ore.
:. =>'* .pecification for fusion welding of steel castings.
:. =,'' .pecification for arc welding of austenitic stainless steel pipe work for
carrying fluids.
:. =?'/ Aart (@ !pproval testing of welders when procedure approval is not required. 9usion
welding of steel.
:. =?'/ Aart /@ TI5 or 1I5 welding of aluminium and its alloys.
:. ,;/; .pecification for seamless and welded steel tues for automoile,
mechanical and general engineering purposes.
:. ,,7; 1ethod for determination of diffusile hydrogen in weld metal.
:. ,77* -ode of practice for welding on steel pipes containing process fluids or their
residues.
:. '(7( .pecification for weldale structural steels for fi"ed offshore structures.
:. '>'* -ode of practice for validation of arc welding equipment.
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/S EN N,-/ER TITLE
:. 4N /?' Aart (@ 8ualification test of welders < 9usion welding 5 .teels.
/S EN 000 2ire e&ectrode" and de$o"it" #or %a" "'ie&ded meta& arc o# non 5 a&&o(
and #ine %rain "tee&".
:. 4N =77 -overed electrodes for manual metal arc welding of non 6 alloy and fine
grain steels.
/S EN +6+05)art" 1
to 3
*ua&it( re7uirement" #or #u"ion 4e&din% o# meta&&ic materia&"
:. 4N '>, &ire electrodes and flu" wire cominations for sumerged arc welding of
non < alloy and fine grain steels.
:. 4N ',* 9lu"es for sumerged arc welding.
/S EN 170 Non 5 de"tructive e8amination o# #u"ion 4e&d" 5 vi"ua& e8amination.
:. 4N 7(* Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials < :end tests.
:. 4N (/*'/ 9iller rods and wires for stainless steels.
:. 4N I.3 (?/'= !luminium and aluminium alloys B magnesium alloys. Nickel B nickel alloys.
Note T'e In"$ector "'ou&d 'ave an a4arene"" o# "tandard" t'at are $rinted in 9o&d.
/S EN N,-/ER TITLE
/S EN 1011
)art 1
)art 2
Aart ;
Aart =.
2e&din% recommendation" #or 4e&din% o# meta&&ic materia&".
Genera& %uidance #or arc 4e&din%.
Arc 4e&din% o# Ferritic "tee&".
!rc welding of stainless steels
!rc welding of aluminium and aluminium alloys.
4N (;/* Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials.
4N (=;> Non<destructive e"amination of welds < )adiographic e"amination of welded
#oints.
:. 4N (***/ Tensile testing of metallic materials.
:. 4N (**/* Definition and classification of grades of steel.
:. 4N (**/' Designation systems for steels.
:. 4N (**=> -harpy impact tests on metallic materials.
:. 4N (*/*= 1etallic products < Types of inspection documents.
/S EN 2233+ 2e&ded: 9ra;ed and "o&dered <oint" 5 S(m9o&ic re$re"entation on
dra4in%".
/S EN 200=+ 2e&din%: 9ra;in%: "o&derin% and 9ra;e 4e&din% o# meta&. Nomenc&ature
o# $roce""e" and re#erence num9er" #or "(m9o&ic re$re"entation on
dra4in%".
/S EN 23617 Arc 4e&ded <oint" in "tee&. Guidance on 7ua&it( &eve&" #or
im$er#ection".
/S EN 2=320 C&a""i#ication o# im$er#ection" in meta&&ic #u"ion 4e&d": 4it'
e8$&anation".
:. 4N /,?=? .pecification for tungsten electrodes for inert gas shielded arc welding and
for plasma cutting and welding.
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ISO N,-/ER TITLE
I.3 ?>' < ( &elding and allied processes < Eocaulary < Aart ( < 1etal welding
processes.
ISO =107 2e&d" 5 2or>in% $o"ition" 5 De#inition" o# an%&e" o# "&o$e and rotation.
I.3 7,*, 6 / 8ualification test of welders 6 9usion welding.
Aart / !luminium B aluminium !lloys.
ISO 13=07 S$eci#ication and 7ua&i#ication o# 4e&din% $rocedure" #or meta&&ic materia&" 5
Genera& ru&e".
ISO 13=06 2e&din% 5 Guide&ine" #or a meta&&ic materia& %rou$in% "("tem.
ISO 13=01 5 1 S$eci#ication and 7ua&i#ication o# 4e&din% $rocedure" #or meta&&ic materia&" 5
2e&din% $rocedure "$eci#ication 5 )art 1 Arc 4e&din%.
I.3 (>,(* .pecification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials<
8ualification ased on tested welding consumales.
I.3 (>,(( .pecification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials<
8ualification ased on previous welding e"perience.
I.3 (>,(; .pecification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials <
8ualification ased on pre < production<welding test.
ISO 13=10 S$eci#ication and 7ua&i#ication o# 4e&din% $rocedure" #or meta&&ic materia&" 5
2e&din% $rocedure te"t.
Aart (@
Aart /
Aart ;
Aart =
Aart >
Aart ,
Aart '
Aart ?
Aart 7
Aart (*
Aart ((
Aart (/
Aart (;
!rc and gas welding of steels and arc welding of nickel and nickel alloys.
!rc welding of aluminium and its alloys*
&elding procedure tests for the arc welding of cast irons*
9inishing welding of aluminium castings*
!rc welding of titanium, Firconium and their alloys.
-opper and copper alloys*
Not used
&elding of tues to tue<plate #oints.
2nderwater Hyperaric wet welding*
Hyperaric dry welding*
4lectron and laser eam welding
.pot, seam and pro#ection welding*
)esistance utt and flash welding*
Note T'e In"$ector "'ou&d 'ave an a4arene"" o# "tandard" t'at are $rinted in 9o&d.
*Aroposed
.
&elding Inspector '.>
)ev * +un *,
-odes and .tandards
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