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Breathe 2-3 sec in --- 5 to 8 sec out, ..........

if 5
sec out 2-3 min twice a day until it becomes
easy,
When that becomes easy, do 6, 7, or 8 sec out
breathing, start with week add a min, till your
can do 10 min twice a day.
Diabetes and obesity
Breathing exercises with Frolo!s "eice im#roe intracellular $endogenous% breathing
and, there&ore, induce metabolism. 'his is why they #roduce a &aorable e&&ect in
#atients with obesity and diabetes. (n case o& obesity, considerable reduction o& a##etite
is #ossible. 'his is the time when the body uses its &at reseres. )ne should not stare
in this case, it is recommended to &ollow arious reducing diets that can be well
combined with the breathing exercises. 'he trainees do not gain weight back a&ter
returning to their usual nutrition. *lucose u#take im#roes and the dose o& insulin can be
reduced in #atients with diabetes. + considerable im#roement u# to com#lete recoery
is #ossible in #atients with diabetes o& ty#e 2.
,)W ',- F.)/)0 "-0(1- W).23
AND T! "!#$%T#
'he most im#ortant &unction o& the body, breathing is res#onsible &or
the maintenance o& o#timum oxidation #rocesses in the cells and &or
intracellular $endogenous% res#iration.
/ungs entilation and gas exchange between the body cells and the
atmos#here occur during the #rocess o& breathing4 the cells use
oxygen, which is inoled in the #rocess o& cellular metabolism.
1arbon dioxide &ormed during the oxidation is #artially used by the
cells and #artially remoed through the lungs.
3#eciali5ed organs $nose, lungs, dia#hragm, heart% and cells
$erythrocytes 6 red blood cor#uscles containing hemoglobin, s#ecial
#rotein &or oxygen trans&erring, nere cells that react to the content o&
carbon dioxide in blood-chemorece#tor o& blood essels, and brain
nere cells that &orm a res#iratory center% are inoled in the
breathing #rocess.
,)W ',- F.)/)0 "-0(1- W).23
.egular breathing 'he Frolo7s deice
(nhalation oxygen 218 198
carbon 0,038 38
-xhalation oxygen 1:8 138
carbon ;,<8 =,<8
Fre>uency o& breaths 1;?19 @minute ;?: @ minute
Breathing olume #er minute =?A l@min ;?;,< l@min
0entilation-#er&usion coe&&icient 0,9?1 1,<?2,<
Formally the #rocess o& breathing can be diided into three maBor
stagesC external res#iration, gas trans#ortation $oxygen and carbon
dioxide% by blood $between lungs and cells% and tissue res#iration
$oxidation o& arious substances in the cells%.
-xternal res#iration means gas exchange between the body and the
surrounding atmos#here.
'rans#ortation o& gases by bloodC the main carrier o& oxygen is
hemoglobin, a #rotein that is carried inside erythrocytes. With the aid
o& hemoglobin u# to 208 o& carbon dioxide is trans#orted &rom
tissues to lungs.
D'issues breathingE or Finternal res#irationG. 'his #rocess includes
two stagesC
gas exchange between the blood and tissues, oxygen consum#tion
by cells,
carbon dioxide emission $intracellular, endogenous res#iration%.
(n order to maintain good health, to kee# &it and to sustain body
health reseres it is necessary to kee# lungs entilation and gas
exchange in good condition. 'his can be achieed by means o&
breathing exercises that change the common breathing #atterns.
Hedical #ractice knows seeral a##roaches to breathing exercises 6
hy#oxic exercises, Buteyko method or hy#erca#nic exercises,
eastern restoratie breathing techni>ues based on the reduction o&
the rate o& breathing, breathing techni>ues &or reducing #er-minute
breathing olume, breathing exercises with breath resistance,
breathing exercises using additional breathing s#ace. 'he uni>ue
&eature o& Frolo!s .es#iration 'raining "eice is that it combines the
best o& all these techni>ues. 'he exercises with the "eice are ery
easy. 'he deice is &illed with the needed amount o& water and the
#atient starts breathing using the dia#hragm.
'he exercises with the "eice are ery easy. 'he deice is &illed with
the needed amount o& water and the #atient starts breathing using the
dia#hragm.
'he #atient can start with the nose breathing and later switch to the
mouth breathing. When breathing in through the mouth, the water in
the deice creates resistance. 'he exhale through the mouth should
be slow and relaxed 6 it is the so-called ex#iration against
resistance. (n the course o& regular exercising, the time o& exhalation
can be gradually increased u# to ;0-<0 seconds.
&'ountain Air( and y)o*ic !*ercises
-x#osure to the short-term hy#oxia $the state o& oxygen de&iciency% is
one o& the key elements in the breathing techni>ue with the "eice. +
longer exhale creates a short-term hy#oxia, which results in more
e&&icient oxygen use in the body. 'hat is why #eo#le liing in the
mountain areas lie much longer.
+hat are the benefits of the short-ter, hy)o*ia-
(t has been obsered that sessions o& hy#oxic breathing im#roe the
mood, mental and #hysical work ca#acity, o#en resere ca#illaries,
add additional erythrocytes into the blood, increase the amount o&
circulating blood and the amount o& blood circulation #er minute, and
im#roe blood su##ly to the tissues and cells.
'here&ore, &or human body hy#oxic exercises are a #ro#er way to
im#roe the &unctions o& all #rinci#al #hysiological systems and
organsC brain, heart, gastrointestinal tract, re#roductie organs. 'hey
also normali5e metabolism, strengthen the immunity and are a
curatie and #reentie means against many diseases.
"osed ex#osure to hy#oxia boosts resistance to harm&ul &actors o&
the enironment, normali5es metabolism o& carbohydrates, &ats,
#roteins and electrolytes. ,y#oxic ex#osure is irtually a uniersal
non-#harmacological tool &or increasing the ada#tie ca#abilities. (t
restores #sycho-#hysiological and emotional state in humans and
normali5es the &unctioning o& the egetatie nerous system
regulating the internal organs.
(n 1AA1, +cademician +. I. 2olchinskaya #ioneered in deelo#ing an
e&&ectie and economical method o& hy#oxic thera#yC the method o&
alternate hy#oxic exercise. "uring such exercises, the #atient
breathes through a mask with ambient air alternated with a hy#oxic
mixture containing a lowered amount o& oxygen $108 6 128%.
,y#oxic exercises result not only in the increase in the body!s
ada#tie ca#abilities, but also in the enhanced immunity. "i&&erent
diseases were #roed to hae &ewer exacerbations i& treated in
combination with breathing thera#y as com#ared with traditional anti-
in&lammatory thera#y without such exercises. Jsycho-emotional
state, hormonal background $the leels o& #rolactin, testosterone, and
cortisol% and women!s #eriods a##ear to im#roe a&ter the res#iratory
thera#y.
'he oerall e&&ect o& hy#oxic exercises on the body allows using such
exercises not only &or treatment o& res#iratory, blood and nerous
system diseases, but also &or #rotection against in&ections, radiation,
and harm&ul ecological and climatic &actors. 3uch breathing exercises
stimulate an enhancement o& the res#iratory system reseres and
im#roe the external breathing e&&iciency4 they decrease the amount
o& breaths #er minute while increasing the breathing olume,
maximi5ing lungs entilation, and slowing exhalations.
'hat is why hy#oxic exercises hae receied wide recognition in
s#ortC they increase the e&&ectieness o& training and, at the same
time, substitute the ex#ensie #rocess o& mountain-climatic training o&
s#ortsmen.
'here are s#ecial mixtures used &or hy#oxic thera#y sessions. 'hey
aim to control and manage the air content consumed by a #atient.
3imilar e&&ect can be achieed when breathing with Frolo!s
.es#iration 'raining "eice that uni&ies di&&erent breathing
a##roaches. /onger exhalation with the "eice leads to a short
hy#oxia ex#osure so that the body ex#eriences the e&&ect similar to
that occurring during the alternate hy#oxic exercises with ex#ensie
air mixtures &or hy#oxic thera#y.
,y#oxic exercises normally re>uire s#ecial techni>ues that can
control the #ro#erties o& the gas mixtures inhaled by the #atient. 'he
Frolo!s .es#iration 'raining "eice suits best &or this #ur#ose.
Butey.o 'ethod or y)erca)nic !*ercises
'he breathing techni>ue with the "eice is also based on the
hy#erca#nic exercises 6 inhaling the air with high carbon dioxide
concentration or increasing carbon dioxide concentration in the lungs.
'he rhythmical increase in 1)2 concentration in the lungs is the
result o& slow breathing and rebreathing through the tube o& the
"eice. Jart o& the 1)2 &rom the exhale mixes with the air that the
#atient inhales &rom the deice, &illing the lungs with 1)2-rich air.
,y#erca#nic exercises are breathing exercises during which the
content o& carbon dioxide in the inhaled air and in the lungs
increases. 3uch exercises #lay a ery im#ortant role in sustaining the
body wellness thanks to #hysiological and biochemical e&&ects o&
carbon dioxide on our res#iratory system. For a long time carbon
dioxide was considered to be a sort o& Dorganic wasteE, a by-#roduct
o& oxidation in cells to be actiely remoed &rom the body by means o&
igorous lungs entilation. ,oweer, scienti&ic research has shown
that carbon dioxide is a crucial &actor that in&luences most im#ortant
biological and #hysiological #rocesses. 1)2 $carbon dioxide% a&&ects
cell metabolism and smooth muscles o& the internal organs and
essels, #artici#ates in the regulation o& the nerous system, the acid-
alkali balance in the body, and the #rocess o& oxygen se#aration &rom
hemoglobin during the #assage o& blood through ca#illaries.
Horeoer, it turns out that the human body actiely reacts to
increases in carbon dioxide in blood, as s#ecial nere cells and
hy#erca#nic rece#tors become more actie. ,oweer, this reaction
does not ha##en during decreases in carbon dioxide in blood,
because humans hae no s#eci&ic rece#tors that react to decreases
in 1)2. 'here&ore, the body does not react to decreases in carbon
dioxide. 'hat is why s#ecial breathing exercises are needed to
su##ort the right amount o& carbon dioxide in blood and in tissues.
'his is what ha##ens, &or instance, during #rolonged holding o&
breathC accumulation o& carbon dioxide in blood takes #lace and
neurons o& the res#iratory center adBust to the concentration o&
carbon dioxide in blood. .ussian scientist 2onstantin Jaloich
Buteyko deelo#ed the method o& J/"B based on a s#ecial
techni>ue o& breathingC #ur#ose&ul denial o& dee# breathing.
+ccording to the theory behind this method, the de#th o& breathing
decreases during the exercises and so does the loss o& carbon
dioxide so that accumulation o& 1)2 in blood takes #lace. Hany
#eo#le con&use the method by 2. J. Buteyko with the techni>ues
based on breath holding, which is not the same.
"uring actie #hysical exercises or #hysical work, the &ormation o&
carbon dioxide in cells also increases because o& glucose oxidation,
and this way the #erson trains the res#iratory system. 0arious
indiidual #rotectie gear $gas masks, s#ace-suits, etc.% are e>ui##ed
with some deices and gadgets #roiding &or reerse breathing, i.e.
when the #erson exhales into a essel $e.g. a #lastic bag% and inhales
back a gas mixture with the increased carbon dioxide content.
0arious ersions o& hy#erca#nic exercises are also used both in
clinical #ractice to treat diseases $asthma, stenocardia, hy#ertension,
etc.% and in s#orts medicine to enhance #hysical endurance and
stamina and to recoer the body reseres a&ter training.
'he method o& breathing with Frolo!s .es#iration 'raining "eice
hel#s to #er&orm breathing exercises with an increased amount o&
carbon dioxide4 which are also known as Dhy#erca#nic exercisesE.
Jeriodic eleation o& the carbon dioxide leel in the lungs is achieed
by means o& slowing down one!s breathing and by means o& reerse
breathing through the "eice. 1oncurrently, some carbon dioxide that
goes into the "eice with the exhaled air is mixed with the inhaled air
and the enriched carbon dioxide mixture goes into the lungs.
-astern .estoratie Breathing 'echni>ues Based on the .eduction o&
the .ate o& Breathing
.es#iratory techni>ue with the "eice is based on a gradual increase
o& the exhalation time and the time o& the res#iratory cycle. (t
decreases the &re>uency o& breathing, making it slower and adBusts
the neurons o& the res#iratory center to a slower, less &re>uent
breathing. 3imilar techni>ues hae been long em#loyed by )riental
healthy breathing systems.
o/ does it benefit you-
(t is widely known that in a calm state a sitting adult makes 1: 6 20
breaths #er minute. Jeo#le who work out regularly make 9 6 12
breaths #er minute.
'he &re>uency o& breaths re&lects the state o& health and the leel o&
e&&ectieness o& the res#iratory system &unctioning and the reseres
o& the body, i.e. its ital #otential.
'here&ore, arious medical, restoratie and s#orts #rograms
recommend di&&erent breathing exercises aimed at the reduction o&
the breath rate.
3uch a##roaches are es#ecially #o#ular in arious -astern
restoratie techni>ues. 'hus, &or instance, #eo#le who hae #racticed
Kigong &or a long time hae a lower breath rateC ;-: breaths #er
minute or een 2 breaths #er minute in some cases.
Leuro#hysiologists noticed that breath rate &alls during Ien
meditation. Breath rate &alls already at the beginning o&
transcendental meditation, total entilation declines by 1 liter #er
minute on aerage4 the leel o& oxygen consum#tion also dro#s. +
regular #rayer was &ound to reduce the breath rate and normali5e
wae signals o& the brain, inducing the #rocess o& the body!s sel&-
healing.
0oluntary reduction o& the breath rate and #ositie e&&ect o& breathing
exercises on the #sychic state are success&ully a##lied in arious
#sychothera#eutic #rograms aimed at the correction o& #sycho-
emotional disorders, #osttraumatic shocks, getting rid o& arious kinds
o& addictions $smoking, alcohol, etc.%. 3low breathing is usually used
both &or achieement o& altered states o& consciousness at the
beginning o& thera#y and &or the achieement o& better results a&ter
integrating the negatie ex#erience with the #ositie understanding.
Laturally, res#iratory techni>ues hae been in high demand in s#orts
because the ability to oluntarily manage the rate o& breaths allows
one to &ul&ill #hysical exercises success&ully and to >uickly recoer
a&ter the training sessions.
'he method o& breathing with Frolo!s .es#iration 'raining "eice
means gradual #rolongation o& the time o& exhalation and the time o&
the breathing cycle itsel&. (n this way breath rate &alls, breathing slows
down, and the neurons o& the res#iratory center gradually adBust to a
lower, less intense breath rate.
Breathing 'echni>ues &or .educing Jer-minute Breathing 0olume
Breathing exercises with the deice slow down breathing and make
the exhale longer. (t reduces the olume o& breathed air #er minute
and eliminates hy#erentilation.
/owering o& the #er-minute number o& breaths ensures economical
external breathing and contributes to the elimination o& excessie
lungs entilation $hy#erentilation%. -xercises o& this kind result in the
reduction o& the #er-minute breath olume and breath rate, and at the
same time in an increase in the oerall breath olume, maximi5ing
lungs entilation while holding the breath at inhalation.
'his seeming #aradox is >uite ex#lainable &rom the iew#oint o&
#hysiology. "uring the reduction o& the #er-minute breath olume
excessie DidleE entilation $i.e. entilation o& the dead 5ones where
no gas exchange occurs% decreases. Mnder the Ddead 5onesE
scientists understand the air-conducting ways $trachea, bronchial
tubes%. +t the same time the researchers #oint out that aleolar
entilation and conditions o& gas metabolism between aleoli and
ca#illaries do im#roe.
'he reduction o& the #er-minute breath olume is achieed in the
#rocess o& breathing exercises aimed at the oluntary limitation o&
lungs entilation and at the reduction o& the breath rate. 'his can be
achieed in the #rocess o& s#ecial breathing exercises, &or exam#le,
during J/"B-techni>ue exercises $2.J. Buteyko% and 0).JHB0
techni>ue exercises $oluntary o#timum reduction o& the #er-minute
breath olume%. 0arious a##aratus-assisted ersions o& breath control
are also used &or this #ur#ose, &or exam#le, BF $biological &eedback%
com#lexes.
"uring breathing exercises with Frolo!s .es#iration 'raining "eice
the #er-minute breath olume decreases and hy#erentilation
disa##ears as the result o& slower breathing and #rolongation o&
exhalation.
Breathing exercises that hel# you oluntary restrict the lungs
entilation reduce the &re>uency o& breathing and the olume o&
breathed air #er minute. 'his result is achieed during #racticing
s#ecial breathing techni>ues, such as Buteyko shallow breathing
method or oluntary o#timal reduction o& the olume o& breathed air
#er minute. Besides, arious deices, such as bio&eedback deices,
are also used to regulate res#iration. Frolo!s com#act and well-
designed deice can be success&ully used &or such exercises.
Breathing !*ercises /ith Breath "esistance
'he &irst reaction o& the body to the resistance against the exhale
created by the water in the "eice is the o#timi5ation o& aleolar
entilation and entilation-#er&usion cou#ling. (m#roed entilation,
gas exchange and microcirculation the restore regulatory
mechanisms o& the body and metabolism in the com#ensated tissues
and organs.
Breath-resistance breathing exercises are im#ortant both in s#ort and
in clinical medicine. 3uch exercises hel# s#ortsmen to increase
strength and stamina o& res#iratory muscles and allow o& an e&&ectie
use o& the res#iratory system!s ca#abilities. (n medicine, such
exercises are use&ul &or the #atients who su&&er &rom short breath,
allowing them to reduce the negatie e&&ect o& the syndrome o&
res#iratory muscles &atigue. Breathing exercises with resistance are
also strongly recommended in the training o& #ro&essionals who use
#rotectie gear &or res#iratory organsC gas masks, diing suits, s#ace
suits, etc. 'hese training sessions im#roe strength and endurance o&
the res#iratory muscles, ensure adBustment o& the bronchial tree and
lungs tissue to aerodynamic resistie load, and massage smooth
muscles o& bronchial tubes and lungs tissue.
When exhaling, the breath resistance #roides &or the im#roement o&
bronchial conductiity, drainage o& the bronchial tree and the
reduction o& ex#iratory colla#se o& the bronchial tubes. 'hat is how
breathing exercises with resistance im#roe the #rocesses o& lungs
and bronchial tubes cleaning. 'he breathing exercises with resistance
result in slower breathing and #rolongation o& breath holding. 1ertain
changes take #lace in gas metabolism, an increase in 1)2 in
aleolar and in exhaled air occurs with a #ositie e&&ect on the
aleolar entilation and entilation-#er&usion ratio, i.e. gas metabolism
is enhanced at the aleolar leel.
Breath resistance at exhalation is usually de&ined as arti&icial breath
control with resistance at exhalation or additional res#iratory
resistance $acronyms +B1 and +.., res#ectiely%. (n terms o&
breathing resistance a breathing deice can be de&ined as dynamic
breath resistor $"B.%.
Laturally, &irst o& all exhalation resistance induces aleolar entilation
and o#timi5es entilation-#er&usion ratio. (m#roement o& entilation,
in turn, enhances gas metabolism, microcirculation, recoery o&
metabolism disorders in organs and tissues, com#ensation and
recoery o& su##ressed &unctions and regulatory mechanisms.
Breathing -xercises Msing +dditional Breathing 3#ace
"uring exercising, the Frolo!s res#iration 'raining "eice creates an
extra breathing ca#acity &or the #atient. (ts olume is suitable een &or
#re-school children and #atients that are sick with serious
broncho#ulmonary diseases.
+dditional breathing s#ace also re&erred to as +B3 when used during
the breathing gymnastics naturally stimulates the #rocesses o&
ada#tation to hy#erca#nia, hy#oxia and trains the res#iratory
muscles. 'he use o& +B3 results in better lungs entilation, strength
and stamina o& the res#iratory muscles, resistance to hy#oxia,
hy#erca#nia, changes in the inner enironment o& the body. .egular
breathing with additional breathing s#ace increases #hysical work
ca#acity, the resistance o& the body to oxygen and carbon dioxide
&luctuations.
"uring work with the "eice some additional breathing s#ace is
#roided with the olume #arameters corres#onding to those o& +B3
that are sa&e een &or #reschool children and &or #atients who hae
serious bronchial and #ulmonary diseases.
0onc1usion
'he design o& the "eice and the breathing techni>ue ensure the
success o& the breath thera#y, which has a #ositie e&&ect on your
res#iratory system and an oerall health. (t heals your body by
su##lying it with the energy and giing you oerall sense o& well-
being.
"esu1ts of c1inica1 e*a,inations
and long-run #ractical a##lication o& the "eice indicate that it is a
highly e&&icacious remedy against the diseases o& the res#iratory,
cardioascular and nerous systems.
.egular exercises normali5e metabolism, enhance resere
ca#abilities o& the body and hae an anti-aging e&&ect.
3tudies in children with bronchial asthma and egetatie-ascular
dystonia at .os5dra clinics hae shown that the "eice has a
#ositie e&&ect not only on entilation and gas metabolism, but also on
the immune system and the &unctioning o& the egetatie nerous
system.
+s a result o& regular res#iratory trainings with Frolo!s deice
&unctions o& di&&erent organs and systems are gradually im#roedC
Bronchial conductance, normal entilation and gas metabolism are
recoered.
3hort breath, coughing and as#hyxia disa##ear, medication intake
by #atients with chronic res#iratory disorders decreases by :08 6
908.
Blood su##ly to myocardium and brain and the condition o&
ca#illary blood circulation gets back to normal.
Blood, lym#h and s#inal &luid circulation im#roe signi&icantly.
(ndicators o& electrocardiogram, cardiointeralogra#hy,
renoasogra#hy, blood #ressure and #ulse im#roe.
'he condition o& the nerous system im#roes and its tonus
normali5es.
.egulatory ca#abilities o& the body nerous and humoral systems
recoer, the amount o& oxygen aailable in the blood rises, hy#oxia
disa##ears.
Jsycho-emotional state im#roes $mood and work ca#acity get
eleated, slee# gets back to normal and irritability lowers%.
1ell metabolism and general metabolism im#roe.
"ynamics o& humoral immunity becomes #ositie.
Hisbalance o& serum antibodies and indicators o& #eri#heral blood
decrease, local immunity gets back to normal.
+da#tie ca#abilities o& the body increase.
+ging #rocesses slow down.