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An Overview

An

Overview of

of ADB

ADBss

Climate Change

Climate

Change Program

Program

Samuel Tumiwa Principal Planning and Coordination Specialist Regional and Sustainable Development Department

Presentation Outline

Presentation

Outline

Background/Key

Background/Key Messages

Messages

ADB

ADB’’ss Climate

Climate Change

Change Program

Program

Partnerships

Partnerships for

for Climate

Climate Change

Change

Action

Action

Pushing

Pushing the

the Frontier

Frontier

Key Messages

Key

Messages

Addressing

Addressing climate

climate change

change isis critical

critical toto

achieving

achieving poverty

poverty reduction,

reduction, MDGs

MDGs and

and

Strategy

Strategy 2020

2020 objectives

objectives

ADB

ADB and

and partners

partners are

are responding

responding toto immediate

immediate

climate change

climate

change demands

demands inin the

the Asia

Asia and

and

Pacific Region

Pacific

Region

Funds

Funds have

have been

been efficiently

efficiently and

and strategically

strategically

allocated

allocated toto meet

meet DMC

DMC needs

needs

Development

Development and

and climate

climate change

change plans

plans are

are

being aligned

being

aligned for

for continued

continued action

action

Economic

Economic Impacts

Impacts inin Asia

Asia

•Economic impacts in Asia will

be significant – in SE Asia the four major economies stand to lose 6.7% of GDP annually by 2100

Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Four Southeast Asian Countries

South, Southeast and East Asia could lose 15% of their land area

•Strong impact on Western Asia, yields of the predominant crops may fall by 15 – 35% once temperature rises by 3-4 o C

ADBss Climate

ADB

Climate Change

Change

Program

Program

National Strategies

National

Strategies toto Address

Address

Climate Change

Climate

Change

CWRD

CWRD

EARD

EARD

PARD

PARD

SARD

SARD

SERD

SERD

ARM**

ARM**

AZE**

AZE**

PAK (in(in

PAK

prep.) prep.)

KAZ**

KAZ**

KYG* (in(in

KYG*

prep.)

prep.)

TAJ

TAJ 2003

2003

PRC

PRC 2007

2007

MON

MON1999

1999

KIR*

KIR* 2007

2007

SAM*

SAM* 2005

2005

TUV*

TUV* 2007

2007

VAN*

VAN* 2007

2007

Pacific

Pacific

Regional

Regional

Framework

Framework

2005

2005

BAN

BAN 2008

2008

BHU*

BHU* 2006

2006

IND

IND 2008

2008

MAL*

MAL* 2008

2008

NEP*

NEP* 2009

2009

(in(in prep.)

prep.)

CAM*

CAM* 2007

2007

INO

INO 2007

2007

LALAOO 2009

2009

PHI

PHI 2008

2008

THA

THA 2007

2007

VIE

VIE 2008

2008

*NAPAs, National Adaptation Programmes of Action **GHG Abatement Strategy as part of Energy Sector Planning

Financing

Tools

Core Elements

Mitigation

Core Elements

Adaptation

ADB’S Climate Change Program

Mobilize

Mobilize

Concessional

Concessional

Resources

Resources

 

Catalyze

Catalyze

Private

Private

Capital

Capital

 

Maximize

Maximize

Market

Market

Mechanisms

Mechanisms

Advance Energy Efficiency and Low-Carbon

     

Energy Sources

   

Enable Sustainable Transport Policy and Efficient Systems

 

Application of

Promote Improved Urban

 

Sanitation and Reduction of Fugitive

   

Methane Emissions

Promote Sustainable Land Use and Forest Management

       
   

Incorporate Vulnerability Risks into National Development Strategies

   

Increase Climate Resilience of Vulnerable Sectors

       
   

“Climate Proof” Projects

   
   

Address Social Dimensions

   

Promoting

Promoting Low

Low--Carbon

Carbon Growth

Growth

Cl e an Ene rgy Inv e st m e nt 2003-08

1800 2007 2005 2004 2006 2008' '2003 Inv est ment in $ millions 1000 1200 1400
1800
2007
2005
2004
2006
2008'
'2003
Inv est ment in $ millions
1000
1200
1400
1600
1,699
2000
200
400
600
800
0
226
306
668
657
757

Yea r

Mainstreaming Adaptation

Mainstreaming

Adaptation

Development

Development Planning

Planning

Bangladesh

Bangladesh

Lao

Lao PDR

PDR

Nepal

Nepal

Palau

Palau

ADB Operations

ADB

Operations

Project

Project interventions

interventions

(Solomon

(Solomon Islands,

Islands, Timor

Timor--

Leste, Viet

Leste,

Viet Nam)

Nam)

Portfolio

Portfolio at

at Risk

Risk Assessment

Assessment

Climate

Climate Impact

Impact &&

Adaptation

Adaptation Screening

Screening Tool

Tool

Building resilient roads in Solomon Islands

Region--wide

Region

wide Responses

Responses

Assessing

Assessing ADB

ADB

strengths

strengths toto meet

meet

country priorities

country

priorities

Programming

Programming ADB

ADB

responses inin each

responses

each

region for

region

for 2009

2009––

2015

2015

Region - - wide Region wide Responses Responses Assessing Assessing ADB ADB strengths toto meet country

Focus of

Focus

of ADB

ADB Climate

Climate Investment

Investment

RDRD

Priorities

Priorities

Projects

Projects

CWRD

CWRD

Effiici

Eff

cieenntt WWaatteerr && Energy

Energy

Manageme

Management

nt

Central

Central As

Asiiaann Countri

Countrieess

Initi Initiaative tive for for Land Land

Agricultur Agriculturee Ad Adapt aptaati tionon

Manageme Management nt

EARD

EARD

Ren Reneewwaable ble Ener Energy gy

Dev Deveelopment lopment

Energy Eff

Energy

Effiici

cieenncy

cy (coal

(coal and

and

urban)

urban)

Ti Tianjin:

anjin: Integrat

Integrateded

GGaasi sification

fication Combined

Combined

Cycle* Cycle*

Zhangbei

Zhangbei Wi

Winndd PPoowweerr

Agricultur Agriculturee Ad Adapt aptaati tionon

UUllaanbaatar

aanbaatar BuBuililddiinngg

EEEE Retrofit*

Retrofit*

PARD

PARD

Ad

Adapt

aptaation

tion of

of infrast

infrastrructure

ucture

Coastaall Protection/Disaster

Coast

Protection/Disaster

Risk

Risk Man

Manaaggeemmeent

nt

Coral

Coral Triangle

Triangle InInititiat

iatiiveve

CCCC Ad

Adaapptation

tation

Program for

Program

for the

the Paci

Pacificfic

SARD

SARD

Clean

Clean Energy

Energy Development

Development

Adaptation

Adaptation inin Agricult

Agriculture

ure &&

Wa

Watteerr

Protectiionon of

Protect

of Coasts

Coasts

TATA WWiindnd PoPowe

TATA

wer*r*

Bangladesh Capacity

Bangladesh

Capacity

Building toto Addr

Building

Address

ess CCCC

Nepal

Nepal IImmpacts

pacts Adapt.

Adapt.

SERD

SERD

LaLanndd--use

use and

and Forest

Forest Mgmt.

Mgmt.

Coastaall Protection/Disaster

Coast

Protection/Disaster

Risk

Risk Man

Manaaggeemmeent

nt

Clean

Clean Energy

Energy Development

Development

Vi

Viet

et NNaamm Biogas*

Biogas*

GMS

GMS BBiiooddive

iverrssiityty

Corri

Corridors

dors Initi

Initiaati tiveve

* Project developed with support from carbon market

Partnerships for

Partnerships

for Climate

Climate

Change

Change Action

Action

Knowledge Partners

Knowledge Partners

Climate induced percentage change in production in 2050: Irrigated Rice

Change in Asian production = -27% NCAR A2, no CF
Change in Asian
production = -27%
NCAR A2, no CF

Potential for

Potential

for Policy

Policy Convergence

Convergence

Climate Change

Climate

Change

Respons

Responsee

????

Potential for Potential for Policy Policy Convergence Convergence Climate Change Climate Change Respons Respons e e

Energy Security

Energy

Security

Respons

Responsee

Strategic Adaptation Petroleum strategies Energy Reserves Renewable Sector Energy Reforms Enhancing Energy domestic Energy Efficiency fossil
Strategic
Adaptation
Petroleum
strategies
Energy
Reserves
Renewable
Sector
Energy
Reforms
Enhancing
Energy
domestic
Energy
Efficiency
fossil fuel
pricing
reserves
Equity
Investments
abroad
Mainland Mainland Asia Asia Hot Hot Spots Spots Russia Asta na Ka zak hstan Ula anb
Mainland
Mainland Asia
Asia Hot
Hot Spots
Spots
Russia
Asta na
Ka zak hstan
Ula anb aa tar
M
on golia
Bis h kek
Uz be kistan
Ky rgy zsta n
Ta s hke nt
Ho kkai do
Be ijin g
Tian jin
Nrt.
Taj ikistan
P' yo n gyan g
Kor.
Tu rk m en
ista
n
Du s ha n be
Seo ul
As hg aba
t
South
Ho nsh u
Jap a n
Korea
Afgh
Ka bu l
Islam ab ad
To k yo
an ista n
Shi ko ku
Ch ina
Ira n
Sha n gh
ai
Kyushu
New
Pak istan
Delh i
Ne pa l
Thim ph
u
Bhtn.
Ka th ma n du
Bngld.
Mu sca t
In dia
Dh
aka
She nzh en
Om.
Vie tn
am
Myan ma r
Lao s
Han o i
Ha ikou
Ho ng
Ko n g
Vientia n e
Phl.
Ran go o n
Th aila nd
Man ila
Saip an
Ba n gko k
Haga tn
a
Ca mb
od ia
Ph nom
Pe n h
Sri
Ba n da r
Ko ro r
Pa liki r
Co
lo mb o
L.
Seri
Be gaw a n
Mly.
Ad ditio nal Da ta Sou rce s:
Globa l Rural‐ Urb a n Map ping Proj ect, Ce nte r fo r
Inte r n at ion al Ear t h Sc ie n c e Info rm ation Net wo rk (CIESI N) ,
Co lu m bia Univ e rsit y ; Inte rn ation a l Foo d Pol ic y
Re sea rch Instit ut e (IP F R I) ; The Wo rld Bank ; Ce ntro
Inte r n ac io nal de Agr ic u lt u ra Tro p ic al (C IAT) 20 05 ;
USG S ER O S Data Ce ntre ; ArcWo rld , Arc Wor ld S upp le men t
Ma j o r C i tie s
Cou n tri es
Im p a c t are a s
Nor th‐Ea s te r n A sia
C oas ta l F l oodin g
C y c lo nes / Ty phoons
0
500 km
R ipa rian F lo oding
Wat er Stre ss
May 20 09

ADB Climate

ADB

Climate Change

Change Funds:

Funds:

Catalyzing

Catalyzing Action

Action

Clean

Clean Energy

Energy

Financing Partnership

Financing

Partnership

Facility (2008)

Facility

(2008)

Climate Change

Climate

Change

Fund (2009)

Fund

(2009)

$18.6

$18.6 million

million

$40

$40 million

million

1919 Clean

Clean Energy

Energy

Projects

Projects

4242 Projects

Projects

1818 Clean

Clean Energy

Energy

2020 Adaptation

Adaptation

44 Land

Land use/REDD

use/REDD

*Climate Change Funds enabled the number of clean

energy activities to double

Climate Change

Climate

Change Projects

Projects

REG: Clean

REG:

Clean Energy

Energy and

and Access

Access

Improvement

Improvement

PRC: Capacity

PRC:

Capacity Building

Building for

for

Implementation of

Implementation

of Efficiency

Efficiency

Power Plant

Power

Plant

VIE: Renewable

VIE:

Renewable Energy

Energy

Development and

Development

and Network

Network

Expansion and

Expansion

and Rehabilitation

BAN: Strengthening Resilience of Water Sector in Khulna

NEP: Community-based Vulnerability Assessment, Risk Mapping & Adaptation Planning

REG: Addressing Climate Change- Induced Migration in Asia & Pacific

PRC: Study on Public Expenditure in Agricultural Production

INO: Climate Change Adaptation in the 6 Ci’s River Basin Territory

PARD: Strengthening the Capacity of Pacific Developing Member Countries (PDMCs) to Respond to Climate Change

REG: Preparing the Central Asia South Asia Regional Electricity Market Project

Rehabilitation for

for

Remote Communes

Remote

Project

Project

ergy and

Communes Sector

Sector

SRI: Clean

SRI:

Clean EEnnergy

and Access

Access

Improvement Project

Improvement

Project

Utilization of

PRC:

PRC: Utilization

of Foreign

Foreign Capital

Capital toto

Promote

Promote EEnnergy

ergy Conservation

Conservation

and

and Energy

Energy Efficient

Efficient Power

Power

Generation

Generation Scheduling

Scheduling

Regional: Expanding

Regional:

Implementation

Expanding the

the

of the

Implementation of

Efficiency Initia

Efficiency

the Energy

Energy

Initiative

tive inin DMCs

DMCs

Leveraging Climate

Leveraging

Climate Funds

Funds

Clean Energy Finance Leveraged in 2008

Clean Energy CCF Allocations by Region
Clean Energy CCF Allocations by
Region

Clean Energy CCF Allocations by Sector

Leveraging Climate Leveraging Climate Funds Funds Clean Energy Finance Leveraged in 2008 Clean Energy CCF Allocations
Leveraging Climate Leveraging Climate Funds Funds Clean Energy Finance Leveraged in 2008 Clean Energy CCF Allocations

Pushing the

Pushing

the Frontier

Frontier

Transition toward

Transition

toward Low

Low--Carbon

Carbon

Growth:

Growth: Planned

Planned Actions

Actions

Energy

Energy sector:

sector:

$2$2 billion

billion target

target

Energy

Energy for

for All

All

Transition toward Transition toward Low Low - - Carbon Carbon Growth: Growth: Planned Planned Actions Actions

Technology

Technology Transfer

Transfer && Diffusion

Diffusion

Sustainable

Sustainable Transport

Transport Initiative

Initiative

Land

Land and

and Forest

Forest Management/REDD

Management/REDD

Building Climate

Building

Climate Resilient

Resilient

Economies

Economies

Integrating climate

Integrating

climate considerations

considerations

inin development

development planning

planning

Insurance and

Insurance

and Climate

Climate Risk

Risk

Water Security

Water

Security

Food

Food Security

Security

Disaster Risk

Disaster

Risk Management

Management

Emerging Environmental

Emerging

Environmental

and

and Social

Social Areas

Areas of

of Support

Support

Biodiversity

Biodiversity conservation

conservation –– climate

climate change

change greatest

greatest

threat; focus

threat;

focus of

of October

October 2010

2010 COP,

COP, Aichi

Aichi--Nagoya,

Nagoya, Japan

Japan

Land degradation

Land

degradation –– adaptation

adaptation now

now central

central toto

combating drought

combating

drought and

and desertification;

desertification; mitigation,

mitigation, soil

soil

carbon

carbon sequestration

sequestration

Deforestation

Deforestation –– carbon

carbon market

market financing

financing offers

offers last

last best

best

chance

chance toto save

save rainforests

rainforests

Urban

Urban coco--benefits

benefits –– linking

linking local

local air

air and

and water

water quality

quality

improvement toto reduced

improvement

reduced GHG

GHG emissions

emissions

Social

Social dimensions

dimensions -- anticipating

anticipating && responding

responding toto

emerging risks:

emerging

risks:

Migration

Migration

Gender

Gender

Governance

Governance

Health

Health

The obvious

The

obvious the

the not

not soso obvious

obvious

But can we help here? We finance here
But can we help here?
We finance here

Business UnUnusual

Business

usual

ADB

ADB has

has been

been and

and will

will continue

continue toto bebe aa

catalyst for

catalyst

for climate

climate--friendly

friendly development

development

Un Un usual Business ADB has been and will continue to to be be a

Demand

Demand from

from DMC

DMC partners

partners isis growing

growing toto

Un Un usual Business ADB has been and will continue to to be be a

support climate

support

climate change

change responses

responses

ADB

ADB isis experienced

experienced and

and well

well positioned

positioned

Un Un usual Business ADB has been and will continue to to be be a

toto handle

handle new

new climate

climate change

change funds

funds

Un Un usual Business ADB has been and will continue to to be be a