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H.

Standards
List of Standards
This section briefly refers to the standards relevant when working with electrotechnical
documentation and planning of electrical devices.
The list includes fundamental international standards and more specific electrotechnical
standards.
The standards can be ordered from your local Standard Organisation.
Drawing Sheet format and layout
Table 1 in ISO 5457
Title Measurement
(mm)
A0 841 x 1.189
A1 594 x 841
A2 420 x 595
A3 297 x 420
A4 210 x 297
HINT 1:
The A3-format is the most commonly used format, when drawing circuit
diagrams. A3-format can scaled and printed as A4-format.
CADdy++ Electrical Engineering Standards H-1
Colour Codes
Extract of table 1 in IEC 60757: Code for designation of colours.
Letter code Colour
BK Black
BN Brown
RD Red
OG Orange
YE Yellow
GN Green
BU Blue (incl. light blue)
VT Violet (purple)
GY Grey (slate)
WH White
PK Pink
GD Gold
TQ Turquoise
SR Silver
GNYE Green-and-yellow

H-2 Standards CADdy++ Electrical Engineering

Conductor and Terminal Marking
IEC 60445
The following table only deals with certain predetermined conductors. The following table
includes for instance, 3 AC supply conductors, supply conductors in DC systems, Neutral and
diverse protective conductors.
For the definitions of protective conductors please refer IEC 60050-195.
Table 1 (English):
Designated conductor ID of
conductors


Equipment
terminal
marking
Graphical
symbol
IEC 60417
AC conductors
Line 1
Line 2
Line 3
Neutral conductor


L1
L2
L3
N

U
V
W
N
-
DC conductor
Positive

Negative

Mid-point conductor



L+

L-

M

C or +

D or -

+
-


Protective conductor


PE PE

PEN conductor PEN PEN

CADdy++ Electrical Engineering Standards H-3


PEM conductor


PEM PEM
PEL conductor


PEL PEL
Functional earthing conductor


FE FE

Functional-equipontential-bonding
Conductor


FB FB

H-4 Standards CADdy++ Electrical Engineering

Preparation of Documents
IEC 61082: Preparation of documents used in electrotechnology.
This standard contains the most ordinary directions for composing documents. This includes for
example, drawing methods, drawing sheets, layout, text fonts, line widths etc.
If you havent previously worked with electrotechnical drawings, it is recommended, that you
acquire these standards from your local supplier.
Standard number English title

IEC 61082-1 Preparation of documents used in
electrotechnology.

Part 1: General requirements.

IEC 61082-1/A1 Preparation of documents used in
electrotechnology.

Part 1: General requirements.

IEC 61082-1/A2 Preparation of documents used in
electrotechnology.

Part 1: General requirements.

IEC 61082-2 Preparation of documents used in
electrotechnology.

Part 2: Function-oriented diagrams.

IEC 61082-3 Preparation of documents used in
electrotechnology.

Part 3: Connection diagrams, tables
CADdy++ Electrical Engineering Standards H-5
and lists.

IEC 61082-4 Preparation of documents used in
electrotechnology.

Part 4: Location and installation
documents.

H-6 Standards CADdy++ Electrical Engineering

Reference Designation
IEC 61346:
INDUSTRIAL SYSTEM, INSTALLATIONS AND EQUIPMENT AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS.
IEC 61346: Structuring principles and reference designations.
IEC 61666: Identification of terminals within a system.
(IEC 61346 and IEC 61666 replace the former IEC 750)
This norm defines the organised methods used within electrotechnical systems, including a
review of various applications such as; function (=), location (+) and letter codes.
Hint 1:
According to IEC 60204-1 clause18, electrical equipment of machines must have a
reference designation system.
Hint 2:
CADdy
++
ET economy complies with IEC/IEC 61346.

Standard number English title

IEC 61346-1


Replaces former IEC 750

Industrial systems, installations and
equipment and industrial products.

Structuring principles and reference
designations.

Part 1: Basic rules

IEC 61346-2

Validated 2000-02-29



Industrial systems, installations and
equipment and industrial products.

Structuring principles and reference
designations.

Part 2: Classification of objects and
codes for classes.

CADdy++ Electrical Engineering Standards H-7

IEC 61666


Replaces former IEC 750
Industrial systems, installations and
equipment and industrial products.

Identification of terminals within a
system.


H-8 Standards CADdy++ Electrical Engineering

Graphical symbols for diagrams
IEC 60617: Graphical symbols for diagrams
As a consequence of dynamic development, IEC has decided to make the IEC 60617 standard
series a database located on http://dom2.iec.ch/iec60617. You need a password to access the
database or alternative contact your local Standardisation Organisation for further details or get
a snapshot of the database.
For information, the former paper-based IEC 60617 was composed of 13 parts and included a
graphical depiction of all symbols for electrotechnical circuit diagrams and installation diagrams.
Below we have included the former list for information, but we recommend that you check the
IEC homepage at www.iec.ch for further information.
HINT 1:
The symbols in CADdy
++
ET comply with this database.
LIST.
Standard number English title

IEC 60617-1 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 1: General information, general
index, cross-reference tables.

IEC 60617-2 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 2: Symbol elements, qualifying
symbols and other symbols having
general application.

IEC 60617-3 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


CADdy++ Electrical Engineering Standards H-9
Part 3: Conductors and connecting
devices.

IEC 60617-4 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 4: Basic passive components.

IEC 60617-5 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 5: Semiconductors and electron
tubes.

IEC 60617-6 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 6: Production and conversion of
electrical energy.

IEC 60617-7 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 7: Switchgear, controlgear and
protective devices.

IEC 60617-8 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 8: Measuring instruments, lamps
H-10 Standards CADdy++ Electrical Engineering

and signalling devices.

IEC 60617-9 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 9: Telecommunications: Switching
and peripheral equipment.

IEC 60617-10 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 10: Telecommunications:
Transmission.

IEC 60617-11 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 11: Architechtural and
topographical installation plans and
diagrams.

IEC 60617-12 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 12: Binary logic elements.

IEC 60617-13 Graphical symbols for diagrams.


Part 13: Analogue elements.
CADdy++ Electrical Engineering Standards H-11

Letter Codes
IEC 61346-2: Classification of objects and codes for classes.
The standard introduces a new way of reflecting objects. According to this new standard, objects
must be classified in accordance with their purpose or task:
The new idea behind this classification always is "what is the real purpose or task of the object",
and not "what is the method for implementing the task" or how its physically done". Below,
various examples are given.
Example 1:
A current transformer has the task to
pick-up a property from a system and to
provide a signal or information that can
be further processed. This task is
independent from any technical solution
of how to do this. The realisation may
be done by means of electrical
windings in a transformer, but could
also be done with an optical current
transformer.
Whether electrical windings or an
optical device are used are of no matter
to the classification. The main task is
still the same: Converting an input
variable into a signal for further
processing classified as B.
It is of no importance to the
classification, that the transformer in
practice is picking up the signal by
converting (class T) the energy.


NOTE:
Many objects have more than one task, and only one letter must be used as a
classification. Use of class A should be avoided, since its not very precise.
However, almost any object has a main task, and the most descriptive
classification must then be used.

H-12 Standards CADdy++ Electrical Engineering


Example 2:
For controlling the level in a well, two
level-switches are used for controlling
and one level switch (at top) is used as
alarm.


In the circuit diagrams, the controlling
switches are classified as B, because
they convert an input variable (the
level) to another signal (on/off) for
further processing:


If the same type of level switch is used
as alarm, the classification of the level
switch is still B, since the main task of
the object is converting a signal for
further processing and not making an
alarm.


Example 3:
Since the letter codes are
classifications, they are intended to
cover both electrical and mechanical
objects.


The purpose of a mechanical
manometer is e.g. to show pressure.
Therefore its classified as P
presenting information.


The purpose of an electrical signal lamp
is also to present information, and
therefore its classified as P too.


HINT 1:
The CADdy
++
ET symbol library EN61346-2 conforms with these classifications.

CADdy++ Electrical Engineering Standards H-13
Extract of IEC 61346-2 - Table 1
CODE Purpose or task of object
A Two or more purposes or tasks

NOTE: This class is only for objects for which no main purpose or task
can be identified.

B Converting an input variable (physical property, condition or event) into
a signal for further processing

C Storing material, energy or information

D
(Reserved for future standardisation)

E Providing radiant or thermal energy

F Direct protection (self-acting) of a flow of energy, signals, personnel or
equipment from dangerous or unwanted conditions

Including systems and equipment for protective purposes

G Initiating a flow of energy or material

Generating signals used as information carriers or reference source

Producing a new kind of material or product

H
(Reserved for future standardisation)

I Not to be applied

J
(Reserved for future standardisation)

K Processing (receiving, treating and providing) signals or information
(excluding objects for protective purposes, see class F)

L
(Reserved for future standardisation)

M Providing mechanical energy (rotational or linear mechanical motion)
for driving purposes

N
(Reserved for future standardisation)

O Not to be applied

P Presenting information

Q Controlled switching or varying a flow of energy, of signals or of
material
(For signals in control circuits, see classes K and S)

R Restricting or stabilising motion or a flow of energy, information or
material

H-14 Standards CADdy++ Electrical Engineering

S Converting a manual operation into a signal for further processing

T Conversion of energy maintaining the kind of energy

Conversion of an established signal maintaining the content of
information

Conversion of the form or shape of a material

U Keeping objects in a defined position

V Processing (treating) of material or products (including preparatory and
post-treatment)

W Guiding or transporting energy, signals, material or products from one
place to another

X Connecting objects

Y
(Reserved for future standardisation)

Z
(Reserved for future standardisation)


HINT 1:
If more than one reference name can be used, the most specific name should be
applied.

For example, use the letter code S on a pushbutton including a signal lamp (on the
pushbutton (class S) as well as the signal lamp (class P)), because this is the most
important letter (dependent of the function, however).
Read more about:
Former Letter Codes (IEC 750) on page H-16.

CADdy++ Electrical Engineering Standards H-15
Former Letter Codes (IEC 750)
IEC 750: Letter codes for designation of kind of item.
The following list is informative, because IEC 750 is no longer valid, but is replaced by IEC
61346-1 and IEC 61346-2.
The new letter codes classifying objects can be found in Letter Codes (IEC 61346-2, table 1) on
page H-12.

CODE Kind of item Examples

A Assemblies, subassemblies
Amplifier using discrete components, magnetic
amplifier, laser, maser, printed circuit board

B
Transducers, from
nonelectrical to electrical
quantity or vice versa
Thermoelectric sensor, thermo cell, photoelectric cell,
dynamometer, crystal transducer, microphone, pick-
up, loudspeaker, synchro, resolver

C Capacitors

D
Binary elements, delay
devices, storage devices
Digital integrated circuits and devices, delay line,
bistable element, monostable element, core storage,
register, magnetic tape recorder, disk recorder

E Miscellaneous
Lighting device, heating device, device not specified
elsewhere in this table

F Protective devices Fuse, over-voltage discharge device, arrester

G Generators, power supplies
Rotating generator, rotating frequency converter,
battery, oscillator, quartz-oscillator

H Signalling devices Optical indicator, acoustical indicator

H-16 Standards CADdy++ Electrical Engineering

J - -

K Relays, contactors

L Inductors, reactors Induction coil, line trap, reactors (shunt and series)

M Motors

N Analogue elements Operational amplifier, hybrid analogue/digital device

P
Measuring equipment,
testing equipment
Indicating, recording and integrating measuring
devices, signal generator, clock

Q
Switching devices for power
circuits
Circuit breaker, disconnector

R Resistors

S
Switching devices for
control circuits, selectors
Control switch, push-button, limit switch, selector
switch, dial contact
T Transformers

U Modulators, changers
Discriminator, demodulator, frequency changer, coder,
inverter, converter

V Tubes, Semi-conductors Diode, transistor, thyristor

W
Transmission paths,
waveguides, aerials
Conductor, cable, busbar, waveguide
CADdy++ Electrical Engineering Standards H-17

X Terminals, plugs, sockets
Connecting plug and socket clip, test jack, terminal
board, soldering terminal strip, link, cable sealing end
and joint

Y
Electrically operated
mechanical devices
Brake, clutch, pneumatic valve

Z
Terminations, hybrid
transformers, filters,
equalizers, limiters
Crystal filter, network


H-18 Standards CADdy++ Electrical Engineering