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Engineering Electronics

& Experiments
Term Project
Spring 2014
Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology
Term Project
Spring 2014
Design an active biquad filter
We will build an band-pass and notch(band-stop) filters for audio
applications
Band-pass/notch filters have 1kHz center frequency
Band-pass filter will increase the spectral purity of 1kHz sine wave
Notch filter can be used to overcome the dynamic range limitation of
commercial spectrum analyzers
One application of your filter looks below
Active Filter Design
Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology 2
Function
generator
Band-pass
filter
Notch filter Spectrum
analyzer
To system
Active biquad filter topology
It has one input and three outputs
Can implement various filter transfer functions
Three filter transfer functions are
Select the transfer functions for band-pass/notch filters
Determine the filter coefficients for 1kHz center frequency
in
out3
3
in
out2
2
in
out1
1
V
V
(s) H ,
V
V
(s) H ,
V
V
(s) H = = =
Active Filter Design
Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology 3
Band-pass filter specifications
Center frequency is 1kHz with <10% variation
Provide >20dB attenuation for all harmonics of 1kHz signal
More than 20dB attenuation for frequencies of 2kHz, 3kHz, etc.
Peak gain of the filter should be within 00.5dB
Notch Filter specifications
Center frequency is 1kHz with <10% variation
Provide >20dB attenuation for all harmonics of 1kHz signal
Noise analysis
Analyze and optimize the noise performance of the band-pass
filter for resistor noise (try to find the big one and reduce it)
Component values
Capacitance : 0.1uF ~ 0.2uF
Resistance : 1k ~ 50k
Active Filter Design
Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology 4
Band-pass filter specifications
Center frequency is 1kHz with <10% variation
Provide >20dB attenuation for all harmonics of 1kHz signal
More than 20dB attenuation for frequencies of 2kHz, 3kHz, etc.
Peak gain of the filter should be within 00.5dB
Notch Filter specifications
Center frequency is 1kHz with <10% variation
Provide >20dB attenuation for all harmonics of 1kHz signal
Noise analysis
Analyze and optimize the noise performance of the band-pass
filter for resistor noise (try to find the big one and reduce it)
Component values
Capacitance : 0.1uF ~ 0.2uF
Resistance : 1k ~ 50k
Filter transfer functions (H
1
(s), H
2
(s), H
3
(s))
Filter design procedures for band-pass and notch filters
Frequency response (magnitude ) plots (using MATLAB)
Filter pole-zero plots (using MATLAB)
Measurement Results at 0.1kHz, 1kHz, 10kHz
Add screen captures of the oscilloscope
Noise analysis procedures and results
Explanation on any discrepancies between theoretical and
measurement results
Project Deliverables
Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology 5
Filter transfer functions (H
1
(s), H
2
(s), H
3
(s))
Filter design procedures for band-pass and notch filters
Frequency response (magnitude ) plots (using MATLAB)
Filter pole-zero plots (using MATLAB)
Measurement Results at 0.1kHz, 1kHz, 10kHz
Add screen captures of the oscilloscope
Noise analysis procedures and results
Explanation on any discrepancies between theoretical and
measurement results
Supplement
Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology
[Sedra & Smith]
6
A. Agarwal and Jeffrey H. Lang , Foundations of Analog and Digital
Electronic Circuits, 2005, chapter 15
Sedra and Smith, Microelectronic Circuits , 4
th
edition, 1998,
chapter 11
References
Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology 23