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WRITING BOOK 1

Middletown isn't as big as Cambridge.


Middletown is . Cambridge.
Middletown has got some good shops.
In Middletown good shops.
The town's mayor opened the new hospital last year.
The new hospital .the town's mayor last year.
Shall we visit Middletown Museum this weekend?
Why visit Middletown Museum this weekend?
'l haven't been to Middletown for three years.
I Middletown three years ago.
It was so hot that we didn't do much sightseeing.
It was too much sightseeing.
I borrowed some money from my brother to buy this souvenir.
My brother some money to buy this souvenir.
I'd never been to that area before.
It was I went to that area.
We couldn't afford to buy much at the shopping centre.
We didn't to buy much at the shopping centre.
My father thought we should go on a sailing trip.
My father wanted on a sailing trip.
I've never met such a pretty girl.
She isI've ever met.
Sally started working at the bank two years ago.
Sally at the bank for two years.
Sally's father wrote the novel Murder on the Mountain.
The novel Murder on the Mountain ............. Sally's father.
Sally will come out with us tomorrow unless she has to work late.
Sally will come out with us tomorrow, if she .to work late.
Are these shoes Sally's?
Do these shoes .Sally?
You mustn't smoke in the cinema.
Smoking ..in the cinema.
How much were the cinema tickets?
How much for the cinema tickets?
I'll go with you, unless you watch a horror film.
I'll go with you if you...a horror film.
'What did you think of the main actor, Jane?' asked Mike.
Mike asked Jane of the main actor.
The film was less exciting than I'd expected.
The film wasn't I'd expected.

WRITING BOOK 2
My parents prefer jazz to classical music.
My parents think jazz ....................................than classical music.
My parents can only go swimming at the weekend.
On weekdays, my parents aren't . go swimming.
If I finish my homework, I can go out at the weekend.
I can't go out at the weekend . finish my homework.
My sister watches more TV than me.
I don't watch TV my sister
does.
My parents suggested going out for a meal.
My parents said, 'Why we go out for a meal?'
When she has to walk to the supermarket she finds it tiring.
She gets ...................................................when she has to walk to the supermarket.
She is often driven to the supermarket by her neighbour.
Her neighbour often ................................................................. a lift to the supermarket.
There are many types of coffee there.
You can buy a ............................................... types of coffee there.
She asked an assistant how much the Colombian coffee cost.
She asked: 'How .................. the Colombian coffee cost?'
The Colombian coffee cost less than the Kenyan coffee.
The Colombian coffee wasn't .................................................... as the Kenyan coffee.
Nearly every seat was taken in the cinema.
There weren't .......... ............................... ....... ............. in the cinema.
Jane had a worse seat than Dave.
Dave had ................... than Jane.
Jane couldn't see the screen very well.
Jane found ............................................................. to see the screen.
Dave said that he had seen the film before.
Dave said: 'I ................................................................. this film before.'
They spent two hours watching the film.
The film.. for two hours.
My appointment with Dr Gibson is at ten o'clock.
At ten o'clock I am . an appointment with Or Gibson.
The office is Dr Gibson's.
This office to Or Gibson.
Dr Gibson told me to take off my shoes and socks.
Dr Gibson said: 'Please take .. and socks off.'
'It would be a good idea to take more exercise.'
'You really.to take more exercise.'
I was given some information about a local gym.
The hospital ..some information about a local gym.

WRITING BOOK 3
Theatre tickets are more expensive than last year.
Last year, theatre tickets ................................................... than they are now.
The booking office telephone is often engaged.
It is often ................................................................... phone the booking office.
Peter said, 'Why don't you go to the booking office yourself?'
Peter said, 'How ................................................... to the booking office yourself?'
Many theatres accept credit cards.
At many theatres you ....................................................................... credit card.
You can't smoke in the theatre.
Smoking ................................................................. in the theatre.
My sister has borrowed the novel from me.
I .................................................................................. my sister the novel.
She hasn't read a novel by Joan Brady before .
This is .................................................... novel by Joan Brady that she has read.
The novel is longer than Joan Brady's other books.
Joan Brady's other books are not as ................................................................ this one.
How much does the novel cost?
What is.............................The novel?
I hope my sister returns the novel to me soon.
I hope my sister .................................................... back the novel soon.
Last year wasn't as cold as this year.
This year is ................................................... last year was.
How much is it to go skiing?
What ..........................................to go skiing?
Do you know who these skis belong to?
Do you know ................................................................... these skis are?
James can ski well.
James is................................................................................... Skiing.
Driving in heavy snow isn't easy.
Heavy snow makes it .................................................................................... drive.
A family ticket costs :1O.
The cost of a family ticket ............................................................................ :1O.
Entrance at weekends is more expensive than on weekdays.
Entrance on weekdays is ................................................... than at weekends.
You don't have to pay to visit the zoo on Thursdays.
You can visit the zoo ................................................... paying on Thursdays.
There aren't any elephants at the zoo now.
The zoo doesnt................................................................................... any more.
The new zoo restaurant has been open for a week.
The new zoo restaurant ........................................................................... last week.

WRITING BOOK 4
My friend told me that I could stay in his flat.
My friend said: 'You ......................................................................... my flat.'
I started living here two months ago.
I have lived here .................................................... two months ago.
This is the first time I've lived in a city.
I've .................................................... in a city before.
The flat has two bedrooms.
There .................................................... in the flat.
My bedroom is too small for all my books.
My bedroom is not .................................................... for all my books.
Maria lives a long way from her office.
Maria's office isn't .. her home.
It is a forty-minute bus journey to her office.
The bus journey to her office .. forty minutes.
Driving a car in the town centre is not allowed.
You are not allowed cars in the town centre.
Maria sometimes takes a taxi although it is expensive.
Maria doesn't often take a taxi it is expensive.
Yesterday she got" up too late to catch the bus.
Yesterday she got up so late that she the bus.
Large cars use more petrol than small cars.
Small cars don't use as .. large cars.
Check your tyres before a long journey.
Before a long journey, remember .. your tyres.
When I was young, I drove a small car.
I used to ......................................................... a small car when I was young.
My car windscreen was broken by a stone.
A stone .................................................... my car windscreen.
Who does this van belong to?
Whose .............................................. this?
We had a map but it was difficult to find the zoo.
Although we had a map, we .................................................... find the zoo easily.
The car park was outside the main entrance.
There was somewhere .................................................... outside the main entrance.
We wore sun hats because it was very hot.
It was ......................................................... that we wore sun hats.
Maria suggested going to see the monkeys.
Maria said, 'Why don't we ....................................................... the monkeys?'
The elephants were my favourite animals.
I liked the elephants ................................................ any other animal.

WRITING BOOK 5
Sarah asked me if I was still a member of the sports centre.
Sarah asked me, ' ............................................................. still a member of the sports centre?'
Non-members cannot enter the sports centre without a ticket.
Non-members aren't ..................................................... to enter the sports centre without a ticket.
Trainers must be worn in the sports centre at all times.
You must ................................................................................... trainers in the sports centre at all times.
Football is the most popular sport at the centre.
Football is .............................................................................. than any other sport at the sports centre.
Sarah thinks the sports centre is too small for the town.
Sarah thinks the sports centre is not ......................................................................... for the town.
None of my friends enjoy reading as much as I do.
I enjoy reading ....................................................................... any of my friends.
I borrowed a very good book from my teacher.
My teacher ....................................................................... me a very good book.
It doesn't matter to me if a book is long or short.
I don't ....................................................................... if a book is long or short.
My mother finished War and Peace in only three weeks.
It only .............................................................. my mother three weeks to finish War and Peace.
I am often given books as presents.
People often ....................................................................... me books as presents.
The park entrance ticket was cheaper than I'd expected.
The park entrance ticket wasn't as .............................................................. I'd expected.
A lot of people were there in spite of the rain.
Even though it ....................................................................... , a lot of people were there.
I liked the water slide best, and my brother did too.
I liked the water slide best, and ....................................................................... did my brother.
'Who does this towel belong to?' my mother asked.
My mother asked,' ....................................................................... is this towel?'
We stayed until the activity park closed.
We ....................................................................... leave until the activity park closed.
The campsite was not far from the sea.
The campsite was quite ....................................................................... the sea.
Sebastian asked the manager where the showers were.
Sebastian asked the manager, 'Where .................................................................... showers?'
Sebastian succeeded in putting up the tent on his own.
Sebastian was able ....................................................................... up the tent on his own.
Sebastian and his friends went swimming every day.
Every day Sebastian went swimming and ........................................................... did his friends.
The sea was warmer than they had expected.
The sea was not as ....................................................................... they had expected.

WRITING BOOK 6
After seeing an advertisement for Italian lessons, Daniel decided to go.
Daniel ............................................................. an advertisement for Italian lessons and then decided to go.
There are fifteen other students in his Italian class.
His Italian class ............................................................. fifteen other students in it.
Daniel thinks that speaking Italian is easier than writing it.
Daniel doesn't think that speaking is ............................................................. as writing Italian.
Daniel's teacher is Italian and her name's Chiara Paolozzi.
Daniel's teacher is Italian and she's ............................................................. Chiara Paolozzi.
The students are given two hours of homework each week.
Each week Chiara ............................................................. the students two hours of homework.
it's six months since I last went swimming.
I ............................................................. been swimming for six months.
The new pool is near to my home.
its not ............................................................. the new pool to my home.
If you can't swim, you're not allowed in the deep end.
You're not allowed in the deep end ............................................................. you can swim.
My friend Sam wanted me to go swimming with him.
'Why ............................................................. come swimming with me?' suggested Sam.
I didn't go swimming with Sam because I was very busy.
I was ............................................................. busy to go swimming with Sam.
Probably, no other painting is as famous as La Giaconda.
La Giaconda is probably ....................................................................... painting in the world.
Nobody is sure of the identity of the woman in the painting.
Nobody is sure ....................................................................... the woman in the painting is.
People find the smile of the woman in the painting interesting.
People are ....................................................................... in the smile of the woman in the painting.
It took Leonardo a long time to paint this picture.
Leonardo spent a long time ....................................................................... this picture.
Does anyone know what this picture is worth today?
Does anyone know how ....................................................................... this picture is worth today?
The museum was near the school.
The museum was not ....................................................................... the school.
It cost 3 to visit the museum.
They had to ....................................................................... 3 to visit the museum.
The class was taken around the museum by a guide.
A museum guide ....................................................................... around the museum.
They did not leave until 4 o'clock.
It was 4 o'clock ....................................................................... they left the museum.
Everybody thought that the museum visit was boring.
Everybody was ....................................................................... by the museum visit.

PRACTICE TEST PLUS 2


It was smaller than all the other phones in the shop.
It was . ..................... phone in the shop.
Her friend has a similar one.
A friend of ............................................................................ has a similar one.
There's a silver cover on her phone.
Her phone a silver cover.
She had a really old phone before.
She to have a really old phone.
She was given that phone by her brother.
Her brother that phone.
Last month, Dina's friend suggested joining a dance class.
Last month, Dina's friend said, 'Why .............................................. join a dance class?'
It was the first dance class they had been to.
They ........................... to a dance class before.
They both like modern dance more than ballet.
They both prefer modern dance ..................................................................... ballet.
They know they won't get better if they don't practise.
They know they won't get better ...................................................... they practise.
It was such a good class they decided to go regularly.
The class was .....................................................good they decided to go regularly.
The Sahara is such a huge desert that it crosses twelve countries.
The Sahara is .. .........................................................huge that it crosses twelve countries.
It is possible to drive through some parts of the desert.
You .......... drive through some parts of the desert.
Over 8,000 years ago, food was grown there.
Over 8,000 years ago, people .......... ............ food there.
There is too little water now.
There isn't water now.
The Sahara still has 1 ,200 different kinds of plants, however.
There ..still 1 ,200 different kinds of plants in the Sahara, however.
Jake became a journalist because he liked writing.
Jake liked writing he became a journalist.
Jake is such a good writer that he won a prize .
Jake writes so that he won a prize.
Jake started working at the Daily News a year ago .
Jake for the Dally News for a year.
The newspaper is bought by half a million people every day .
Half a million people the newspaper every day.

On Sundays the Daily News costs more .


On Sundays the Daily News..more expensive.
Rick was taught to surf by his cousin.
Rick's cousin to surf.
Rick usually surfs at Woolacombe Bay, which is near his home.
Rick usually surfs at Woolacombe Bay, which is not .. his home.
It is often too cold to surf there without a wetsuit.
It often isn't to surf there without a wetsuit.
Rick last surfed at Woolacombe Bay two weeks ago.
Rick surfed at Woolacombe Bay for two weeks.
Rick told his friend he would invite him next time.
Rick said, 'I you next time'.
The Globe is more famous than most other theatres.
Most other theatres are not The Globe.
Many of Shakespeare's plays are shown at The Globe Theatre.
The Globe Theatre many of Shakespeare's plays.
The Globe Theatre opens in May and closes in September.
The Globe Theatre is open from MaySeptember.
The Globe Theatre does not have a roof .
There no roof on The Globe Theatre.
Visitors mustn't smoke in The Globe Theatre.
Smoking Is in The Globe Theatre.

OBJECTIVE PET
The cafe is called Amazing Taste.
The name .............. ........................ ................................................................isAmazing Taste.
I haven't been here before.
This is the first time I..... .....................................................................................here.
All the food is cooked by the cafe owner.
The cafe owner ................................................................ all the food.
My friend told me it was cheap enough for students.
My friend told me it wasn't ................................................................for students.
He recommended the soup of the day.
He said..........................................try the soup of the day.
The concert hall opened in June.
The concert hall ....... ......................................................................... open since June.
A very famous architect designed the building.
The architect .................... ............................................ designed the building is very famous.
The new hall is bigger than the old one.
The old hall wasn't ........ ........................................................ the new one.

Tickets can be bought at the box office.


You ................................................................. tickets at the box office.
The box office closes at 8:30pm every evening.
The box office is open ......... ....................................................... 8:30pm every evening.

PRELIMINARY ENGLISH TEST FOR SCHOOLS 1


You can't play Jotto unless there are at least two players.
You can only play Jotto ............................................................ there are at least two players.
You can play Jotto in a team or by yourself.
You can play Jotto in a team or on ................................................................................... own.
I enjoy the game, and my parents enjoy it too.
I enjoy the game and so ................................................................................. my parents.
My friend said that she had never played Jotto.
My friend said, 'I ................................................................................... played Jotto.'
What about playing the game now?
Shall .................................................................................... the game now?
Everyone in our family enjoys camping holidays.
In our family, all of us ............................................................. camping holidays.
Camping is cheaper than staying in a hotel.
Camping costs ............................................................. than staying in a hotel.
The campsite we're going to is near the beach.
The campsite we're going to is not too ............................................................. the beach.
The campsite has a swimming pool.
At the campsite ............................................................. a swimming pool.
I asked my friend if he wanted to come camping with us.
I asked my friend:............................................................. want to come camping with us?'
It costs nothing to attend a state school.
It doesn't cost ....................................................................... to attend a state school.
City schools are usually larger than schools in the country.
Schools in the country are not as ....................................................................... city schools.
Uniforms must be worn by children in some schools.
Children must ....................................................................... uniforms in some schools.
Each class has about thirty children.
In each class ....................................................................... are about thirty children.
Children can buy hot lunches at most schools.
At most schools ............................................................... possible for children to buy hot lunches.
The phone was Max's favourite present.
Max likes his phone more .............................................................. any of his other presents.
Max has never had his own phone before.
This is the ............................................................. that Max has had his own phone.
Max's phone is very similar to his sister's phone.
Max's phone is almost the same ............................................................. his sister's phone.

Max uses his phone for calling his friends and family.
Max uses his phone .............................................................. call his friends and family.
Max likes playing games on his phone, and all his friends do too.
Max likes playing games on his phone, and .................................................. do all his friends

PET WRITING
Do you play basketball well?
Are you a player?
Does art interest you?
Are you art?
What is your age?
How .. you?
Which is your favourite school subject?
Which school sub like best?
How is that spelt?
How do .. that?
Each lesson lasts forty minutes.
Each lesson .. long.
Whats the price of this book, please?
How this book, cost, please?
I think Spain is a wonderful country.
Spain is a wonderful country opinion.
I think you are right about the weather.
I agree . about the weather.
I think mobile phones are very useful.
Mobile phones are very useful .. opinion.
Well talk about the price first.
How about the price first?
Bill is too weak to carry the box.
Bill isnt . to carry the box.
In our school only a few students have blonde hair.
In our school, not .. curly hair.
My sister prefers milk chocolate to dark chocolate.
My sister likes milk chocolate dark chocolate.
In our house, dinner is usually prepared by my father.
In our house, my father . dinner.
My father said, Come home at 10.
My father told home at 10.
Susan asked for paella in the restaurant.
In the restaurant, Susan said, Can paella, please?
Mary suggested that we order a pizza.
Mary said, Lets a pizza.

Britain is a small island, so everywhere is near to the sea.


Britain is a small island, so nowhere is . the sea.
Never go for a long run without taking water with you.
Take water with you, if youre a long run.
Look at a map of Africa if you want to find Zimbabwe.
You wont find Zimbabwe unless a map of Africa.
I became a policeman five years ago.
I ... a policeman for five years.
I came to Spain in 2005.
I ... in Spain since 2005.
My mother asked me if I wanted an ice-cream.
My mother said, Would . an ice-cream?
Yesterday a photographer took my photo.
Yesterday my photo ..... a photographer.
My book is heavier than my brothers.
My brothers book isnt .. mine.
At first, youll have difficulty understanding the rules.
At first, understanding the rules will be . for you
I have to find accommodation before I look for a job.
I cant look for a job .. accommodation.
Ive promised to write home and so as my sister.
My sister and I . to write home.
Last night I took a tablet to stop my tooth aching.
Last night I took a tablet, because ... aching.
My sister does exercise because she must keep fit to play in the basketball team.
My sister does exercise to .. play in the basketball team.
If you dont stop drinking coffee in the evening, youll never sleep well.
Youll never sleep well unless . coffee in the evening.
People with influenza should stay in bed for a couple of days.
Stay in bed for a couple of days if you ... influenza.
Smoking isnt allowed in pubs in England.
You ... in pubs in England.
The earliest clocks used the suns shadow to tell the time.
With the earliest clocks, people . the time by using the suns shadow.
Modern clocks are more accurate than old fashioned ones were.
Old fashioned clocks werent as . modern ones are.
The most famous clocks in the world are made in Switzerland.
In Switzerland, they the most famous clocks in the world
An alarm clock helps you to wake up early.
An alarm clock is helpful .. you need to wake up early.
People without watches are often late for appointments.
People without watches are often not ... for appointments.

My uncle prefers travelling by car to travelling by plane.


My uncle thinks travelling by car is better .. plane
My dad is confused by internet.
Internet .. my dad.
Whose are these glasses?
Who do these glasses ... to?
When I read for too long, I find it tiring.
I get ... when I read for too long.
Why dont you phone Sam up?
If I were you, ... phone Sam
up.
My father said, Dont burn the toast!
My father told ... burn the toast.
Bread is more expensive than last year.
Last year, bread ... than it is now.
The school phone is often engaged.
It is often . phone the school.
Susan said, Why dont you go to the shop?
Susan said, How to the shop?
Many shops accept credit cards.
In many shops you credit card.
You cant smoke in pubs in England.
Smoking in pubs in England.
My brother has borrowed my bike.
I my brother my bike.
He hasnt seen a play by Shakespeare before.
This is play by Shakespeare he has seen.
This play is longer than Shakespeares other plays.
Shakespeares other plays are not this one.
How much does the meal cost?
What is . the meal?
I hope my brother returns the bike to me soon.
I hope my brother back my bike soon.
Last year wasnt as warm as this year.
This year is last year was.
How much is it to go scuba diving?
What to go scuba diving.
Do you know who this pen belongs to?
Do you know pen this is?
Sam can swim well.
Sam is swimming.
Running in boots isnt easy.
Heavy boots make it . run.

A ticket for the football match costs 30 euros.


The cost of a ticket for the match 30 euros.
Entrance for league matches is more expensive than for cup matches.
Entrance for cup matches. than for league matches.
You dont have to pay to watch the second team.
You can watch the second team paying.
There are no foreigners in the team now.
The team doesnt . any more.
The new bar has been open for a week.
The new bar last week.
The criminal escaped in a car.
The criminal made in a car.
The teacher said she wouldnt punish him this time.
The teacher said she would let this time.
I didnt know it was illegal to smoke in the restaurant..
I didnt know it was against to smoke in a restaurant.
Not many people in England speak Chinese.
Not a people in England speak Chinese.
The bomb exploded late last night.
The bomb went late last night.
There werent many people watching the film.
There were only people watching the film.
I didnt recognize him until he removed his sunglasses.
I didnt recognize him until he off his sunglasses.
Make sure you have everything before you leave the plane.
Make sure you have everything before you off the plane.
Why didnt you go to school today.
You should to school today.
Its possible that John remembered to turn off the lights.
John might to turn off the lights.
There was a chance wed win the competition, but we didnt.
We could the competition, but we didnt.
I didnt invite Sarah to the party, and now I regret it.
I Sarah to the party.
I cant wait for Christmas.
Im really Christmas.
I didnt see the film because my TV was broken.
I would the film if my TV hadnt been broken.
Weve got too few people to make a team.
We havent people to make a team.
Ill get fat if I carry on eating a lot.
Ill get fat stop eating a lot.

Well have a barbecue this weekend, unless the weathers bad.


If the weathers bad this weekend, we a barbecue.
Loud planes annoy many people.
Many people . loud planes.
They are going to build a new shopping centre here next year.
A new shopping centre is going ..here next year.
People send billions of emails every day.
Billions of emails every day.
Can you come tomorrow, Sandra?
Sandra was asked if she tomorrow.
Do you have any questions, Bill?
Bill was asked any questions.
Where are you living at the moment?
Can you tell me where at the moment.
Why have you quit your job?
Could you explain quit your job.
What did you say to the headmaster.
Id like to know to the headmaster.
Robert apologised for being late.
Robert was for being late.
I didnt like curry at all.
I never like curry.
Who broke the window?
Who was responsible the window?
If you ask me, footballers get too much money.
In footballers get too much money.
He program me wasnt interesting so I turned off the TV.
I wouldnt have turned off the TV if the program me interesting.
We went to class because it was an important lesson.
We wouldnt have gone to class if it . an important lesson.
You are too young to have a girlfriend.
You are not . to have a girlfriend.
That mans dog chased me yesterday.
Thats the man chased me yesterday.
Car fumes pollute our cities.
Our cities car fumes.
There was too much noise to hear the teacher.
There was noise that I couldnt hear the teacher.

1. PET Writing Transformations Exercises


COMPLETE THE SENCOND SENTENCE USING ONE, TWO OR THREE WORDS ONLY.
Passive to active and active to passive transformations (These constitute around 10% of transformations).
1

Their father was given his first pony by his grandmother.


Their father's grandmother ............................................................... his first pony.

At our school the students are lent the text books by the school.
Our school ............................................. the text books to the students.

A free documentary film is included in the exhibition.


The exhibition .................................................... a free documentary film.

Seat belts must be worn by all passengers.


All passengers ............................................... seat belts.

Sarah's friends gave her a smart phone for her leaving present.
Sarah ..................................... given a smart phone for her leaving present by her friends.

Comparatives, as... as, the same as & prefer transformations (These constitute nearly one per exam).
6

Sarah's smartphone is very similar to her father's smartphone.


Sarah's smart phone is nearly the same ................................ her father's smartphone.

A smartphone is Sarah's favourite possession.


Sarah likes her smartphone more ...........................................any of her other possessions.

Gmail accounts are generally better than other email services.


Other email services are generally not as ......................................... gmail accounts.

The Italian restaurant is cheaper than the Greek restaurant.


The Italian restaurant costs ............................................... than the Greek restaurant.

10

He prefers playing soccer to playing rugby.


He likes playing soccer ................................... playing rugby.

11

No other cathedral is as old as Chartre in France.


Chartre is ...................................................... any other cathedral in France.

12

I like working with other people more than on my own.


I ....................................................... working with other people to working on my own.

13

She found Arabic easier to learn than she had expected.


It wasn't ...................................................... to learn Arabic as she had expected.

14

Skiing is not as dangerous as kitesurfing.


Skiing is ...................................... dangerous than kitesurfing.

Past simple, present perfect, never and the first time... . (These constitute around 12% of Part 1 questions.)
15

Sarah has never had a smartphone before.


This is the .................................................... that Sarah has had a smartphone.

16

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, "I ................................................. been to Rome.

17

We haven't been to the theatre for a long time.


It's a long time since we ............................................ to the theatre.

18

Nick joined a golf club a year ago.


Nick .............................................. a member of a golf club for a year.

19

They had not been to South Korea before.


It ......................................... the first time they had been to South Korea.

20

This will be my first visit to Brazil.


I've ........................................................ to Brazil before.

Quantifiers: a few, not many, most, all etc (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).
21

Most Valencians love rice.


Nearly .............................. Valencians love rice.

22

There are only a few swimming pools in my town.


There aren't very .................................... swimming pools in my town.

23

It's too hot to play football.


It's not cool ............................................ to play football.

24

They said I was too old to start to learn the piano.


They said I wasn't ....................................... to start to learn to play the piano.

Have/has => there is/are (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).


25

Each section has three parts.


In each section ................................................. three parts.

26

The Greek restaurant has a lovely garden.


At the Greek restaurant ........................................................ a lovely garden.

27

Nick's golf club had an important competition last month.


There ........................................ an important competition at Nick's golf club last month.

28

There are three tennis courts at the sports centre.


The sports centre ....................................... three tennis courts.

So do I/So does she (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


29 Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and all her friends do too.
Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and ..................... do all her friends.
30

We love miso soup and our children love it too.


We love miso soup and so ............................... our children.

31

Both my friend and I enjoy going to the cinema.


I enjoy going to the cinema and ......................................... my friend.

Close to/far from/near (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


32

Covent Garden is close to Oxford Street.


Covent Garden is not ....................................... Oxford Street.

33

Nick's house is quite near the golf club.


Nick's house is not very ...................................... from the golf club.

34

The Greek restaurant is quite near our house.


The Greek restaurant is not too ............................................ from our house.

Reported speech to direct speech (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


35

I asked Sarah if she wanted to come to the Greek restaurant with me.
I asked Sarah, " .............................................. want to come to the Greek restaurant with me?"

36

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, " I ...................................................... to Rome."

37

Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.


Maria said, " If I were you, I ....................................... visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

Antonyms [opposites] and Synonyms (These constitute around 10% of Part 1 questions).
38

Soccer is a very easy game to learn.


It is not very ................................................. to learn how to play soccer.

39

School trips can teach you a lot.


You can ........................................... a lot on a school trip.

40

It costs 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.


You have to ............................................... 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.

41

My teacher has lent me a great book.


I have ........................................ a great book from my teacher.

42

You can do this with my help or by yourself.


You can do this with my help or on ................................................. own.

Infinitive of purpose (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


43

Sarah uses her smartphone for sending whatsapp messages.


Sarah uses her smartphone ............................................... send whatsapp messages.

44

Making your own muesli doesn't take you long.


It doesn't take you long ........................................ your own muesli.

Indefinite pronouns [nothing, anyone etc] (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).
45

It costs nothing to open a gmail account.


It doesn't cost ............................................ to open a gmail account.

46

Everyone in our class loves watching cartoons in English.


In our class, all of us ...................................................... watching cartoons in English.

Unless (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


47

If we don't practise every day, we won't improve.


You won't improve ..................................... you practise every day.

48

You can't come to the cinema with us unless you bring some money.
You can come to the cinema with us .......................................... you bring some money.

Second conditional (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


49

Why don't you join a photography club?


If I were you, I ........................................ join a photography club.

50

Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.


Maria said, "If I were you, I ........................................ visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

What about + -ING/Shall we... (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


51 What about eating out tonight?
Shall ....................................... eat out tonight?
Have versus have got (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).
52

She doesn't have that car anymore.


She ......................................................... got that car anymore.

During and While (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


53

Jane will probably visit us while she's in London.


Jane will probably visit us .............................................. her stay in London.

Negative infinitives (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


54

It is essential to be on time.
It's essential ........................................................... late.

Other types of transformation (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


55

I saw one of my friends walking down the high street yesterday.


I saw a friend of ................................................ walking down the high street yesterday.

56

Nick loves playing golf.


Nick is very keen ................................................ playing golf.

57

Nick walks to the golf club in 10 minutes.


It .................................................... Nick 10 minutes to walk to the golf club.

58

Members can play golf any day of the week.


...................................... possible for members to play tennis any day of the week.

2. PET Writing Transformations Exercises


COMPLETE THE SENCOND SENTENCE USING ONE, TWO OR THREE WORDS ONLY.
Passive to active and active to passive transformations (These constitute around 10% of transformations).
1

Their father was given his first pony by his grandmother.


Their father's grandmother ............................................................... his first pony.

At our school the students are lent the text books by the school.
Our school ............................................. the text books to the students.

A free documentary film is included in the exhibition.


The exhibition .................................................... a free documentary film.

Seat belts must be worn by all passengers.


All passengers ............................................... seat belts.

Sarah's friends gave her a smart phone for her leaving present.
Sarah ..................................... given a smart phone for her leaving present by her friends.

Comparatives, as... as, the same as & prefer transformations (These constitute nearly one per exam).
6

Sarah's smartphone is very similar to her father's smartphone.


Sarah's smart phone is nearly the same ................................ her father's smartphone.

A smartphone is Sarah's favourite possession.


Sarah likes her smartphone more ...........................................any of her other possessions.

Gmail accounts are generally better than other email services.


Other email services are generally not as ......................................... gmail accounts.

The Italian restaurant is cheaper than the Greek restaurant.


The Italian restaurant costs ............................................... than the Greek restaurant.

10

He prefers playing soccer to playing rugby.


He likes playing soccer ................................... playing rugby.

11

No other cathedral is as old as Chartre in France.


Chartre is ...................................................... any other cathedral in France.

12

I like working with other people more than on my own.


I ....................................................... working with other people to working on my own.

13

She found Arabic easier to learn than she had expected.


It wasn't ...................................................... to learn Arabic as she had expected.

14

Skiing is not as dangerous as kitesurfing.


Skiing is ...................................... dangerous than kitesurfing.

Past simple, present perfect, never and the first time... . (These constitute around 12% of Part 1 questions.)
15

Sarah has never had a smartphone before.


This is the .................................................... that Sarah has had a smartphone.

16

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, "I ................................................. been to Rome.

17

We haven't been to the theatre for a long time.


It's a long time since we ............................................ to the theatre.

18

Nick joined a golf club a year ago.


Nick .............................................. a member of a golf club for a year.

19

They had not been to South Korea before.


It ......................................... the first time they had been to South Korea.

20

This will be my first visit to Brazil.


I've ........................................................ to Brazil before.

Quantifiers: a few, not many, most, all etc (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).
21

Most Valencians love rice.


Nearly .............................. Valencians love rice.

22

There are only a few swimming pools in my town.


There aren't very .................................... swimming pools in my town.

23

It's too hot to play football.


It's not cool ............................................ to play football.

24

They said I was too old to start to learn the piano.


They said I wasn't ....................................... to start to learn to play the piano.

Have/has => there is/are (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).


25

Each section has three parts.


In each section ................................................. three parts.

26

The Greek restaurant has a lovely garden.


At the Greek restaurant ........................................................ a lovely garden.

27

Nick's golf club had an important competition last month.


There ........................................ an important competition at Nick's golf club last month.

28

There are three tennis courts at the sports centre.


The sports centre ....................................... three tennis courts.

So do I/So does she (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


29

Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and all her friends do too.
Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and ..................... do all her friends.

30

We love miso soup and our children love it too.


We love miso soup and so ............................... our children.

31

Both my friend and I enjoy going to the cinema.


I enjoy going to the cinema and ......................................... my friend.

Close to/far from/near (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


32

Covent Garden is close to Oxford Street.


Covent Garden is not ....................................... Oxford Street.

33

Nick's house is quite near the golf club.


Nick's house is not very ...................................... from the golf club.

34

The Greek restaurant is quite near our house.


The Greek restaurant is not too ............................................ from our house.

Reported speech to direct speech (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


35

I asked Sarah if she wanted to come to the Greek restaurant with me.
I asked Sarah, " .............................................. want to come to the Greek restaurant with me?"

36

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, " I ...................................................... to Rome."

37

Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.


Maria said, " If I were you, I ....................................... visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

Antonyms [opposites] and Synonyms (These constitute around 10% of Part 1 questions).
38

Soccer is a very easy game to learn.


It is not very ................................................. to learn how to play soccer.

39

School trips can teach you a lot.


You can ........................................... a lot on a school trip.

40

It costs 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.


You have to ............................................... 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.

41

My teacher has lent me a great book.


I have ........................................ a great book from my teacher.

42

You can do this with my help or by yourself.


You can do this with my help or on ................................................. own.

Infinitive of purpose (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


43

Sarah uses her smartphone for sending whatsapp messages.


Sarah uses her smartphone ............................................... send whatsapp messages.

44

Making your own muesli doesn't take you long.


It doesn't take you long ........................................ your own muesli.

Indefinite pronouns [nothing, anyone etc] (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).
45

It costs nothing to open a gmail account.


It doesn't cost ............................................ to open a gmail account.

46

Everyone in our class loves watching cartoons in English.


In our class, all of us ...................................................... watching cartoons in English.

Unless (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


47

If we don't practise every day, we won't improve.


You won't improve ..................................... you practise every day.

48

You can't come to the cinema with us unless you bring some money.
You can come to the cinema with us .......................................... you bring some money.

Second conditional (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


49

Why don't you join a photography club?


If I were you, I ........................................ join a photography club.

50

Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.


Maria said, "If I were you, I ........................................ visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

What about + -ING/Shall we... (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


51

What about eating out tonight?


Shall ....................................... eat out tonight?

Have versus have got (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


52

She doesn't have that car anymore.


She ......................................................... got that car anymore.
During and While (These constitute around 2% of Part 1
questions). 53 Jane will probably visit us while she's in London.
Jane will probably visit us .............................................. her stay in London.

Negative infinitives (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


54

It is essential to be on time.
It's essential ........................................................... late.

Other types of transformation (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


55

I saw one of my friends walking down the high street yesterday.


I saw a friend of ................................................ walking down the high street yesterday.

56

Nick loves playing golf.


Nick is very keen ................................................ playing golf.

57

Nick walks to the golf club in 10 minutes.


It .................................................... Nick 10 minutes to walk to the golf club.

58

Members can play golf any day of the week.


...................................... possible for members to play tennis any day of the week.

3.PET Writing Part 1 Transformations Exercises


COMPLETE THE SENCOND SENTENCE USING ONE, TWO OR THREE WORDS ONLY.
Passive to active and active to passive transformations (These constitute around 10% of transformations).
1

Their father was given his first pony by his grandmother.


Their father's grandmother ............................................................... his first pony.

At our school the students are lent the text books by the school.
Our school ............................................. the text books to the students.

A free documentary film is included in the exhibition.


The exhibition .................................................... a free documentary film.

Seat belts must be worn by all passengers.


All passengers ............................................... seat belts.

Sarah's friends gave her a smart phone for her leaving present.
Sarah ..................................... given a smart phone for her leaving present by her friends.

Comparatives, as... as, the same as & prefer transformations (These constitute nearly one per exam).
6

Sarah's smartphone is very similar to her father's smartphone.


Sarah's smart phone is nearly the same ................................ her father's smartphone.

A smartphone is Sarah's favourite possession.


Sarah likes her smartphone more ...........................................any of her other possessions.

Gmail accounts are generally better than other email services.


Other email services are generally not as ......................................... gmail accounts.

The Italian restaurant is cheaper than the Greek restaurant.


The Italian restaurant costs ............................................... than the Greek restaurant.

10

He prefers playing soccer to playing rugby.


He likes playing soccer ................................... playing rugby.

11

No other cathedral is as old as Chartre in France.


Chartre is ...................................................... any other cathedral in France.

12

I like working with other people more than on my own.


I ....................................................... working with other people to working on my own.

13

She found Arabic easier to learn than she had expected.


It wasn't ...................................................... to learn Arabic as she had expected.

14

Skiing is not as dangerous as kitesurfing.


Skiing is ...................................... dangerous than kitesurfing.

Past simple, present perfect, never and the first time... . (These constitute around 12% of Part 1 questions.)
15

Sarah has never had a smartphone before.


This is the .................................................... that Sarah has had a smartphone.

16

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, "I ................................................. been to Rome.

17

We haven't been to the theatre for a long time.


It's a long time since we ............................................ to the theatre.

18

Nick joined a golf club a year ago.


Nick .............................................. a member of a golf club for a year.

19

They had not been to South Korea before.


It ......................................... the first time they had been to South Korea.

20

This will be my first visit to Brazil.


I've ........................................................ to Brazil before.

Quantifiers: a few, not many, most, all etc (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).
21

Most Valencians love rice.


Nearly .............................. Valencians love rice.

22

There are only a few swimming pools in my town.


There aren't very .................................... swimming pools in my town.

23

It's too hot to play football.


It's not cool ............................................ to play football.

24

They said I was too old to start to learn the piano.


They said I wasn't ....................................... to start to learn to play the piano.

Have/has => there is/are (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).


25

Each section has three parts.


In each section ................................................. three parts.

26

The Greek restaurant has a lovely garden.


At the Greek restaurant ........................................................ a lovely garden.

27

Nick's golf club had an important competition last month.


There ........................................ an important competition at Nick's golf club last month.

28

There are three tennis courts at the sports centre.


The sports centre ....................................... three tennis courts.

So do I/So does she (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


29

Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and all her friends do too.
Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and ..................... do all her friends.

30

We love miso soup and our children love it too.


We love miso soup and so ............................... our children.

31

Both my friend and I enjoy going to the cinema.


I enjoy going to the cinema and ......................................... my friend.

Close to/far from/near (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


32

Covent Garden is close to Oxford Street.


Covent Garden is not ....................................... Oxford Street.

33

Nick's house is quite near the golf club.


Nick's house is not very ...................................... from the golf club.

34

The Greek restaurant is quite near our house.


The Greek restaurant is not too ............................................ from our house.

Reported speech to direct speech (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


35

I asked Sarah if she wanted to come to the Greek restaurant with me.
I asked Sarah, " .............................................. want to come to the Greek restaurant with me?"

36

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, " I ...................................................... to Rome."

37

Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.


Maria said, " If I were you, I ....................................... visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

Antonyms [opposites] and Synonyms (These constitute around 10% of Part 1 questions).
38

Soccer is a very easy game to learn.


It is not very ................................................. to learn how to play soccer.

39

School trips can teach you a lot.


You can ........................................... a lot on a school trip.

40

It costs 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.


You have to ............................................... 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.

41

My teacher has lent me a great book.


I have ........................................ a great book from my teacher.

42

You can do this with my help or by yourself.


You can do this with my help or on ................................................. own.

Infinitive of purpose (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


43

Sarah uses her smartphone for sending whatsapp messages.


Sarah uses her smartphone ............................................... send whatsapp messages.

44

Making your own muesli doesn't take you long.


It doesn't take you long ........................................ your own muesli.

Indefinite pronouns [nothing, anyone etc] (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).
45

It costs nothing to open a gmail account.


It doesn't cost ............................................ to open a gmail account.

46

Everyone in our class loves watching cartoons in English.


In our class, all of us ...................................................... watching cartoons in English.

Unless (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


47

If we don't practise every day, we won't improve.


You won't improve ..................................... you practise every day.

48

You can't come to the cinema with us unless you bring some money.
You can come to the cinema with us .......................................... you bring some money.

Second conditional (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


49

Why don't you join a photography club?


If I were you, I ........................................ join a photography club.

50

Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.


Maria said, "If I were you, I ........................................ visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

What about + -ING/Shall we... (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


51

What about eating out tonight?


Shall ....................................... eat out tonight?

Have versus have got (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


52

She doesn't have that car anymore.


She ......................................................... got that car anymore.

During and While (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


53

Jane will probably visit us while she's in London.


Jane will probably visit us .............................................. her stay in London.

Negative infinitives (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


54

It is essential to be on time.
It's essential ........................................................... late.

Other types of transformation (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


55

I saw one of my friends walking down the high street yesterday.


I saw a friend of ................................................ walking down the high street yesterday.

56

Nick loves playing golf.


Nick is very keen ................................................ playing golf.

57

Nick walks to the golf club in 10 minutes.


It .................................................... Nick 10 minutes to walk to the golf club.

58

Members can play golf any day of the week.


...................................... possible for members to play tennis any day of the week.

4. PET Writing Transformations Exercises


COMPLETE THE SENCOND SENTENCE USING ONE, TWO OR THREE WORDS ONLY.
Passive to active and active to passive transformations (These constitute around 10% of transformations).
1

Their father was given his first pony by his grandmother.


Their father's grandmother ............................................................... his first pony.

At our school the students are lent the text books by the school.
Our school ............................................. the text books to the students.

A free documentary film is included in the exhibition.


The exhibition .................................................... a free documentary film.

Seat belts must be worn by all passengers.


All passengers ............................................... seat belts.

Sarah's friends gave her a smart phone for her leaving present.
Sarah ..................................... given a smart phone for her leaving present by her friends.

Comparatives, as... as, the same as & prefer transformations (These constitute nearly one per exam).
6

Sarah's smartphone is very similar to her father's smartphone.


Sarah's smart phone is nearly the same ................................ her father's smartphone.

A smartphone is Sarah's favourite possession.


Sarah likes her smartphone more ...........................................any of her other possessions.

Gmail accounts are generally better than other email services.


Other email services are generally not as ......................................... gmail accounts.

The Italian restaurant is cheaper than the Greek restaurant.


The Italian restaurant costs ............................................... than the Greek restaurant.

10

He prefers playing soccer to playing rugby.


He likes playing soccer ................................... playing rugby.

11

No other cathedral is as old as Chartre in France.


Chartre is ...................................................... any other cathedral in France.

12

I like working with other people more than on my own.


I ....................................................... working with other people to working on my own.

13

She found Arabic easier to learn than she had expected.


It wasn't ...................................................... to learn Arabic as she had expected.

14

Skiing is not as dangerous as kitesurfing.


Skiing is ...................................... dangerous than kitesurfing.

Past simple, present perfect, never and the first time... . (These constitute around 12% of Part 1 questions.)
15

Sarah has never had a smartphone before.


This is the .................................................... that Sarah has had a smartphone.

16

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, "I ................................................. been to Rome.

17

We haven't been to the theatre for a long time.


It's a long time since we ............................................ to the theatre.

18

Nick joined a golf club a year ago.


Nick .............................................. a member of a golf club for a year.

19

They had not been to South Korea before.


It ......................................... the first time they had been to South Korea.

20

This will be my first visit to Brazil.


I've ........................................................ to Brazil before.

Quantifiers: a few, not many, most, all etc (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).
21

Most Valencians love rice.


Nearly .............................. Valencians love rice.

22

There are only a few swimming pools in my town.


There aren't very .................................... swimming pools in my town.

23

It's too hot to play football.


It's not cool ............................................ to play football.

24

They said I was too old to start to learn the piano.


They said I wasn't ....................................... to start to learn to play the piano.

Have/has => there is/are (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).


25

Each section has three parts.


In each section ................................................. three parts.

26

The Greek restaurant has a lovely garden.


At the Greek restaurant ........................................................ a lovely garden.

27

Nick's golf club had an important competition last month.


There ........................................ an important competition at Nick's golf club last month.

28

There are three tennis courts at the sports centre.


The sports centre ....................................... three tennis courts.

So do I/So does she (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


29

Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and all her friends do too.
Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and ..................... do all her friends.

30

We love miso soup and our children love it too.


We love miso soup and so ............................... our children.

31

Both my friend and I enjoy going to the cinema.


I enjoy going to the cinema and ......................................... my friend.

Close to/far from/near (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


32

Covent Garden is close to Oxford Street.


Covent Garden is not ....................................... Oxford Street.

33

Nick's house is quite near the golf club.


Nick's house is not very ...................................... from the golf club.

34

The Greek restaurant is quite near our house.


The Greek restaurant is not too ............................................ from our house.

Reported speech to direct speech (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


35

I asked Sarah if she wanted to come to the Greek restaurant with me.
I asked Sarah, " .............................................. want to come to the Greek restaurant with me?"

36

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, " I ...................................................... to Rome."
Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.
Maria said, " If I were you, I ....................................... visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

37

Antonyms [opposites] and Synonyms (These constitute around 10% of Part 1 questions).
38

Soccer is a very easy game to learn.


It is not very ................................................. to learn how to play soccer.

39

School trips can teach you a lot.


You can ........................................... a lot on a school trip.

40

It costs 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.


You have to ............................................... 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.

41

My teacher has lent me a great book.


I have ........................................ a great book from my teacher.

42

You can do this with my help or by yourself.


You can do this with my help or on ................................................. own.

Infinitive of purpose (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


43

Sarah uses her smartphone for sending whatsapp messages.


Sarah uses her smartphone ............................................... send whatsapp messages.

44

Making your own muesli doesn't take you long.


It doesn't take you long ........................................ your own muesli.

Indefinite pronouns [nothing, anyone etc] (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).
45

It costs nothing to open a gmail account.


It doesn't cost ............................................ to open a gmail account.

46

Everyone in our class loves watching cartoons in English.


In our class, all of us ...................................................... watching cartoons in English.

Unless (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


47

If we don't practise every day, we won't improve.


You won't improve ..................................... you practise every day.

48

You can't come to the cinema with us unless you bring some money.
You can come to the cinema with us .......................................... you bring some money.

Second conditional (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


49

Why don't you join a photography club?


If I were you, I ........................................ join a photography club.

50

Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.


Maria said, "If I were you, I ........................................ visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

What about + -ING/Shall we... (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


51

What about eating out tonight?


Shall ....................................... eat out tonight?

Have versus have got (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


52

She doesn't have that car anymore.


She ......................................................... got that car anymore.

During and While (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


53

Jane will probably visit us while she's in London.


Jane will probably visit us .............................................. her stay in London.

Negative infinitives (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


54

It is essential to be on time.
It's essential ........................................................... late.

Other types of transformation (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


55

I saw one of my friends walking down the high street yesterday.


I saw a friend of ................................................ walking down the high street yesterday.

56

Nick loves playing golf.


Nick is very keen ................................................ playing golf.

57

Nick walks to the golf club in 10 minutes.


It .................................................... Nick 10 minutes to walk to the golf club.

58

Members can play golf any day of the week.


...................................... possible for members to play tennis any day of the week.

5.PET Writing Transformations Exercises


COMPLETE THE SENCOND SENTENCE USING ONE, TWO OR THREE WORDS ONLY.
Passive to active and active to passive transformations (These constitute around 10% of transformations).
1

Their father was given his first pony by his grandmother.


Their father's grandmother ............................................................... his first pony.

At our school the students are lent the text books by the school.
Our school ............................................. the text books to the students.

A free documentary film is included in the exhibition.


The exhibition .................................................... a free documentary film.

Seat belts must be worn by all passengers.


All passengers ............................................... seat belts.

Sarah's friends gave her a smart phone for her leaving present.
Sarah ..................................... given a smart phone for her leaving present by her friends.

Comparatives, as... as, the same as & prefer transformations (These constitute nearly one per exam).
6

Sarah's smartphone is very similar to her father's smartphone.


Sarah's smart phone is nearly the same ................................ her father's smartphone.

A smartphone is Sarah's favourite possession.


Sarah likes her smartphone more ...........................................any of her other possessions.

Gmail accounts are generally better than other email services.


Other email services are generally not as ......................................... gmail accounts.

The Italian restaurant is cheaper than the Greek restaurant.


The Italian restaurant costs ............................................... than the Greek restaurant.

10

He prefers playing soccer to playing rugby.


He likes playing soccer ................................... playing rugby.

11

No other cathedral is as old as Chartre in France.


Chartre is ...................................................... any other cathedral in France.

12

I like working with other people more than on my own.


I ....................................................... working with other people to working on my own.

13

She found Arabic easier to learn than she had expected.


It wasn't ...................................................... to learn Arabic as she had expected.

14

Skiing is not as dangerous as kitesurfing.


Skiing is ...................................... dangerous than kitesurfing.

Past simple, present perfect, never and the first time... . (These constitute around 12% of Part 1 questions.)
15

Sarah has never had a smartphone before.


This is the .................................................... that Sarah has had a smartphone.

16

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, "I ................................................. been to Rome.

17

We haven't been to the theatre for a long time.


It's a long time since we ............................................ to the theatre.

18

Nick joined a golf club a year ago.


Nick .............................................. a member of a golf club for a year.

19

They had not been to South Korea before.


It ......................................... the first time they had been to South Korea.

20

This will be my first visit to Brazil.


I've ........................................................ to Brazil before.

Quantifiers: a few, not many, most, all etc (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).
21

Most Valencians love rice.


Nearly .............................. Valencians love rice.

22

There are only a few swimming pools in my town.


There aren't very .................................... swimming pools in my town.

23

It's too hot to play football.


It's not cool ............................................ to play football.

24

They said I was too old to start to learn the piano.


They said I wasn't ....................................... to start to learn to play the piano.

Have/has => there is/are (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).


25

Each section has three parts.


In each section ................................................. three parts.

26

The Greek restaurant has a lovely garden.


At the Greek restaurant ........................................................ a lovely garden.

27

Nick's golf club had an important competition last month.


There ........................................ an important competition at Nick's golf club last month.

28

There are three tennis courts at the sports centre.


The sports centre ....................................... three tennis courts.

So do I/So does she (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


29

Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and all her friends do too.
Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and ..................... do all her friends.

30

We love miso soup and our children love it too.


We love miso soup and so ............................... our children.

31

Both my friend and I enjoy going to the cinema.


I enjoy going to the cinema and ......................................... my friend.

Close to/far from/near (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


32

Covent Garden is close to Oxford Street.


Covent Garden is not ....................................... Oxford Street.

33

Nick's house is quite near the golf club.


Nick's house is not very ...................................... from the golf club.

34

The Greek restaurant is quite near our house.


The Greek restaurant is not too ............................................ from our house.

Reported speech to direct speech (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


35

I asked Sarah if she wanted to come to the Greek restaurant with me.
I asked Sarah, " .............................................. want to come to the Greek restaurant with me?"

36

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, " I ...................................................... to Rome."

37

Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.


Maria said, " If I were you, I ....................................... visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

Antonyms [opposites] and Synonyms (These constitute around 10% of Part 1 questions).
38

Soccer is a very easy game to learn.


It is not very ................................................. to learn how to play soccer.

39

School trips can teach you a lot.


You can ........................................... a lot on a school trip.

40

It costs 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.


You have to ............................................... 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.

41

My teacher has lent me a great book.


I have ........................................ a great book from my teacher.

42

You can do this with my help or by yourself.


You can do this with my help or on ................................................. own.

Infinitive of purpose (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


43

Sarah uses her smartphone for sending whatsapp messages.


Sarah uses her smartphone ............................................... send whatsapp messages.

44

Making your own muesli doesn't take you long.


It doesn't take you long ........................................ your own muesli.

Indefinite pronouns [nothing, anyone etc] (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).
45

It costs nothing to open a gmail account.


It doesn't cost ............................................ to open a gmail account.

46

Everyone in our class loves watching cartoons in English.


In our class, all of us ...................................................... watching cartoons in English.

Unless (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


47

If we don't practise every day, we won't improve.


You won't improve ..................................... you practise every day.

48

You can't come to the cinema with us unless you bring some money.
You can come to the cinema with us .......................................... you bring some money.

Second conditional (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


49

Why don't you join a photography club?


If I were you, I ........................................ join a photography club.

50

Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.


Maria said, "If I were you, I ........................................ visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

What about + -ING/Shall we... (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


51

What about eating out tonight?


Shall ....................................... eat out tonight?

Have versus have got (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


52

She doesn't have that car anymore.


She ......................................................... got that car anymore.

During and While (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


53

Jane will probably visit us while she's in London.


Jane will probably visit us .............................................. her stay in London.

Negative infinitives (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


54

It is essential to be on time.
It's essential ........................................................... late.

Other types of transformation (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


55

I saw one of my friends walking down the high street yesterday.


I saw a friend of ................................................ walking down the high street yesterday.

56

Nick loves playing golf.


Nick is very keen ................................................ playing golf.

57

Nick walks to the golf club in 10 minutes.


It .................................................... Nick 10 minutes to walk to the golf club.

58

Members can play golf any day of the week.


...................................... possible for members to play tennis any day of the week.

6. PET Writing Transformations Exercises


COMPLETE THE SENCOND SENTENCE USING ONE, TWO OR THREE WORDS ONLY.
Passive to active and active to passive transformations (These constitute around 10% of transformations).
1

Their father was given his first pony by his grandmother.


Their father's grandmother ............................................................... his first pony.

At our school the students are lent the text books by the school.
Our school ............................................. the text books to the students.

A free documentary film is included in the exhibition.


The exhibition .................................................... a free documentary film.

Seat belts must be worn by all passengers.


All passengers ............................................... seat belts.

Sarah's friends gave her a smart phone for her leaving present.
Sarah ..................................... given a smart phone for her leaving present by her friends.

Comparatives, as... as, the same as & prefer transformations (These constitute nearly one per exam).
6

Sarah's smartphone is very similar to her father's smartphone.


Sarah's smart phone is nearly the same ................................ her father's smartphone.

A smartphone is Sarah's favourite possession.


Sarah likes her smartphone more ...........................................any of her other possessions.

Gmail accounts are generally better than other email services.


Other email services are generally not as ......................................... gmail accounts.

The Italian restaurant is cheaper than the Greek restaurant.


The Italian restaurant costs ............................................... than the Greek restaurant.

10

He prefers playing soccer to playing rugby.


He likes playing soccer ................................... playing rugby.

11

No other cathedral is as old as Chartre in France.


Chartre is ...................................................... any other cathedral in France.

12

I like working with other people more than on my own.


I ....................................................... working with other people to working on my own.

13

She found Arabic easier to learn than she had expected.


It wasn't ...................................................... to learn Arabic as she had expected.

14

Skiing is not as dangerous as kitesurfing.


Skiing is ...................................... dangerous than kitesurfing.

Past simple, present perfect, never and the first time... . (These constitute around 12% of Part 1 questions.)
15

Sarah has never had a smartphone before.


This is the .................................................... that Sarah has had a smartphone.

16

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, "I ................................................. been to Rome.

17

We haven't been to the theatre for a long time.


It's a long time since we ............................................ to the theatre.

18

Nick joined a golf club a year ago.


Nick .............................................. a member of a golf club for a year.

19

They had not been to South Korea before.


It ......................................... the first time they had been to South Korea.

20

This will be my first visit to Brazil.


I've ........................................................ to Brazil before.

Quantifiers: a few, not many, most, all etc (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).
21

Most Valencians love rice.


Nearly .............................. Valencians love rice.

22

There are only a few swimming pools in my town.


There aren't very .................................... swimming pools in my town.

23

It's too hot to play football.


It's not cool ............................................ to play football.

24

They said I was too old to start to learn the piano.


They said I wasn't ....................................... to start to learn to play the piano.

Have/has => there is/are (These constitute around 8% of Part 1 questions).


25

Each section has three parts.


In each section ................................................. three parts.

26

The Greek restaurant has a lovely garden.


At the Greek restaurant ........................................................ a lovely garden.
Nick's golf club had an important competition last month.
There ........................................ an important competition at Nick's golf club last month.

27
28

There are three tennis courts at the sports centre.


The sports centre ....................................... three tennis courts.

So do I/So does she (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


29

Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and all her friends do too.
Sarah likes sending photos via whatsapp and ..................... do all her friends.

30

We love miso soup and our children love it too.


We love miso soup and so ............................... our children.

31

Both my friend and I enjoy going to the cinema.


I enjoy going to the cinema and ......................................... my friend.

Close to/far from/near (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


32

Covent Garden is close to Oxford Street.


Covent Garden is not ....................................... Oxford Street.

33

Nick's house is quite near the golf club.


Nick's house is not very ...................................... from the golf club.

34

The Greek restaurant is quite near our house.


The Greek restaurant is not too ............................................ from our house.

Reported speech to direct speech (These constitute around 6% of Part 1 questions).


35

I asked Sarah if she wanted to come to the Greek restaurant with me.
I asked Sarah, " .............................................. want to come to the Greek restaurant with me?"

36

Joe said that he had never been to Rome.


Joe said, " I ...................................................... to Rome."

37

Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.


Maria said, " If I were you, I ....................................... visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

Antonyms [opposites] and Synonyms (These constitute around 10% of Part 1 questions).
38

Soccer is a very easy game to learn.


It is not very ................................................. to learn how to play soccer.

39

School trips can teach you a lot.


You can ........................................... a lot on a school trip.

40

It costs 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.


You have to ............................................... 30 Euros to visit the aquarium in Valencia.

41

My teacher has lent me a great book.


I have ........................................ a great book from my teacher.

42

You can do this with my help or by yourself.


You can do this with my help or on ................................................. own.

Infinitive of purpose (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


43

Sarah uses her smartphone for sending whatsapp messages.


Sarah uses her smartphone ............................................... send whatsapp messages.

44

Making your own muesli doesn't take you long.


It doesn't take you long ........................................ your own muesli.

Indefinite pronouns [nothing, anyone etc] (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).
45

It costs nothing to open a gmail account.


It doesn't cost ............................................ to open a gmail account.

46

Everyone in our class loves watching cartoons in English.


In our class, all of us ...................................................... watching cartoons in English.

Unless (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


47

If we don't practise every day, we won't improve.


You won't improve ..................................... you practise every day.

48

You can't come to the cinema with us unless you bring some money.
You can come to the cinema with us .......................................... you bring some money.

Second conditional (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


49

Why don't you join a photography club?


If I were you, I ........................................ join a photography club.

50

Maria suggested visiting the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona.


Maria said, "If I were you, I ........................................ visit the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona."

What about + -ING/Shall we... (These constitute around 4% of Part 1 questions).


51

What about eating out tonight?


Shall ....................................... eat out tonight?

Have versus have got (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


52

She doesn't have that car anymore.


She ......................................................... got that car anymore.

During and While (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


53

Jane will probably visit us while she's in London.


Jane will probably visit us .............................................. her stay in London.

Negative infinitives (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


54

It is essential to be on time.
It's essential ........................................................... late.

Other types of transformation (These constitute around 2% of Part 1 questions).


55

I saw one of my friends walking down the high street yesterday.


I saw a friend of ................................................ walking down the high street yesterday.

56

Nick loves playing golf.


Nick is very keen ................................................ playing golf.

57

Nick walks to the golf club in 10 minutes.


It .................................................... Nick 10 minutes to walk to the golf club.

58

Members can play golf any day of the week.


...................................... possible for members to play tennis any day of the week.