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FASTENER TECHNICAL INFO

TECHNICAL INFORMATION

Typically, the bolt specification dictates which nuts are compatible for use. However, when in doubt, the #1 Rule for Nut Selection: Always select a nut whose minimum proof strength is greater than or equal to the bolts minimum ultimate tensile capacity. The following charts are some examples of compatible nut and bolt combinations.

SAE J429 Bolt and Nut Compatibility

Bolt Grade

Recommended Nut Grade

(D)

Suitable Substitution

(E)

SAE J-429 Grade 5

SAE J995 Grade 5 Hex Nut

SAE J995 Grade 8 Hex Nut

SAE J-429 Grade 8

SAE J995 Grade 8 Hex Nut

 

ASTM Bolt and ASTM A563 Nut Compatibility (ASTM A194 Compatibility shown for A325, A490 & A193 Bolts)

Grade of Bolt ( A )

Surface Finish ( B )

Nominal

ASTM A563 Grade and ANSI Style Nut ( C

)

Size

Recommended ( D )

Suitable Substitution ( E ) Heavy Hex

 

(in.)

ASTM A307 Grade A

Plain &

1/4 to 1-1/2

Grade A Hex Nut

 

A,C,DH

Galvanized

over 1-1/2 to 2

Grade A Heavy Hex Nut

 

C,DH

Over 2 to 4

Grade A Heavy Hex Nut

 

C,DH

ASTM A307 Grade B

Plain &

1/4 to 4

Grade A Heavy Hex Nut

 

C,DH

Galvanized

 

ASTM A449 Type 1

Plain

1/4 to 1-1/2

Grade B Hex Nut

 

C,DH

Over 1-1/2 to 3

Grade A Heavy Hex Nut

 

C,DH

Galvanized

1/4 to 3

Grade DH Heavy Hex Nut

 

ASTM A325 Type 1

Plain

1/2 to 1-1/2

Grade C Heavy Hex Nut

DH, ASTM A194 2H

Galvanized

1/2 to 1-1/2

Grade DH Heavy Hex Nut

ASTM A194 2H

ASTM A354 Grade BC

Plain

1/4 to 1-1/2

Grade C Heavy Hex Nut

 

DH

Over 1-1/2 to 4

Grade C Heavy Hex Nut

 

DH

Galvanized

All

Grade DH Heavy Hex Nut

 

ASTM A354 Grade BD

Plain

1/4 to 3

Grade DH Heavy Hex Nut

 

ASTM A490

Plain

1/2 to 1-1/2

Grade DH Heavy Hex Nut

ASTM A194 2H

ASTM A193 Grade B7

   

ASTM A194 2H Heavy Hex Nut

ASTM A194 7

ASTM A193 Grade B8

   

ASTM A194 Grade 8

 

ASTM A193 Grade B8M

   

ASTM A194 Grade 8M

 

Note: the above chart should not be considered all inclusive for all fasteners listed. The nuts listed are those that may beeadilyr

available.

(A)

“Bolt” includes all externally threaded types of fasteners.

(B)

Galvanized coated nuts are nuts intended for use with externally threaded fasteners which are hot-dip zinc-coated, mechanicallyzinc-coated or have a plating or coating of

sufficient thickness to require overtapping the nut to provide assembly. Non-zinc plated nuts are nuts intended for use withxternallye finish or have a plating or coating of insufficient thickness to require overtapping the nut thread to provide assembly.

threaded fasteners which have a plain

(C)

The availability of DH nuts in nominal sizes ” and larger is limited. In most instances ASTM A194 Grade 2H nuts may be considered.

(D)

“Recommended” denotes a commercially available nut having the most suitable mechanical properties and dimensional configuration, or style, which will make it possible to obtain the desired bolt load.

(E)

“Suitable” denotes nuts having mechanical properties that will make it possible to obtain the desired bolt load, but requirensiderationco style, suitability and availability.

of dimensional configuration, or

Typical Material Yield Strength at Various Temperatures

     

Yield Strength (PSI) vs. Temperature

Diameter

 

Temperature ºF

 

Specification

Grade

(in)

70

200

400

600

800

 

5

1/4 - 1-in

92,000

84,000

76,000

   

SAE J429

over 1 - 1-1/2-in

81,000

77,000

67,000

   

8

1/4 - 1-1/2-in

130,000

121,000

109,000

   
 

B7

up to 2-1/2-in

105,000

 

92,000

85,000

74,000

ASTM A193

B8 Class 1

 

30,000

 

21,000

18,000

17,000

B16

up to 2-1/2-in

105,000

 

98,000

93,000

83,000

ASTM A307

B

 

36,000

 

31,000

   

ASTM A354

BC

up to 2-1/2-in

109,000

 

96,000

   

BD

up to 2-1/2-in

125,000

 

110,000

   

ASTM A574

   

153,000

141,000

128,000

   

The values listed should only be used as a general guideillustrating the reduction of yield strength of some of the common fastener grades as the temperature increases. This is not part of any of the fastener standards. For further details, contact theenalFast Engineering Department.

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3–397 FASTENERS
3–397
FASTENERS