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Architectural Design 1

Architectural Design 1
& 2
& 2
Introduction to Design
Creative Design
Fundamentals
Prepared and Compiled by:
Ar. Shalla Gayle B. Billano, uap

Acceptable
Architectural
Convention
1. Composition
- Center of Drawing Area
- Clear and clean
- Lettering
2. Titles/Laels of Drawings wit!
scale
". #eferences/$rientation
%. Language of Lines

Architectura
l
Conventions
&
Accessibility
- 'taircase
- (levator
- (scalator
- )oving *al+s/
Conve,ors
Mor
e

STAIRCASE
STAIRCASE

ELEAT!R
ELEAT!R
&
T,pes
-assenger
Freig!t
#esidential
Dumwaiter
- 2%. / 2%.
- "0. / "0.
- "1. / "1.
- "0. / %2.

"all#ay #i$th
&
3allwa, widt! depends on t!e dept! of
t!e cars and numer of cars on t!e
same place.
Face to face position4
% cars 5 1.6D
1 cars 5 1.76D
2 cars 5 2D
108 9single line:-128 9face to face:

ELEAT!R
ELEAT!R
&
Considering t!e p!,sicall,
c!allenged
%in& opening o' $oor 5 0.;16m.
%in& $epth 5 1."7m.
%in& $epth
alongsi$e the control panel 5
1."0m.
%in& #i$th 5 1.7"m.

ESCALAT!R
ESCALAT!R
&
(or vertical transport
ased on t!e following rands4
$tis< )ontgomer, = 'c!indler
reco%%en$e$ %a)& slope 5 "0 deg.
no%inal #i$th 5 "2.< %0.< %2.
#i$th o' steps 5 2%. 90.10m:
"2. 90.20m:
%0. 91.00m:
ht& o' han$rail 5 2.18 90.7;-0.20m.:

Moving *assenger
Moving *assenger
Conveyors
Conveyors
&
"ori+ontal transport
ased on t!e following rands4
$tis< )ontgomer, = 'c!indler
reco%%en$e$ %a)& slope 5 12 deg.
length o' travel 5 100 ft. and more
no%inal #i$th 5 "2.< "7.< %0.< %2.
#i$th o' narro# unit 91 adult: 5 21.
#i$th o' #al, 5 2%. 90.10m:
"2. 90.20m:
%0. 91.00m:
average ht& o' han$rail 5 "8 90.;0m.:

Architectura
l
Conventions
&
entilation
$penings s!all
not e less t!an
10> of t!e gross
floor area.
Mor
e

Architectura
l
Conventions
&
Circulation
3allwa,s s!ould e +ept at a
minimum.
T!e, s!ould not occup, more t!an
10> of t!e total floor area.
(fficient planning is dependent on
circulation.
Coverage of rooms4
70> and more 5 efficient
elow 70> 5 poor
Mor
e

Architectura
l
Conventions
&
Anthropo%etrics
Anthro ? man/!uman
%etrics ? measurement
@aries according to4
1. Aender
2. Age
". (t!nicit,
Mor
e

Architectura
l
Conventions
&
Ergono%ics
'cience of !uman engineering
to ma+e lives etter and
design a wor+-efficient
environment
Mor
e

Architectura
l
Conventions
&
Topographical
!rientation
T,pe of orientation designed
to ta+e full advantage of t!e
land contour.
Mor
e

Architectura
l
Conventions
&
ie#
!rientation
-rovision of windows
on cultural conte/t
Mor
e

ANCILLARY AREAS OF
ANCILLARY AREAS OF
BUILDINGS/ STRUCTURES
BUILDINGS/ STRUCTURES
ancillary - relating to something that is
added but is not essential
lanai - a veranda or roofed patio often
furnished and used as a living room
veranda/ verandah - a porch along the
outside of a building
(sometimes partly enclosed)

ANCILLARY AREAS OF
ANCILLARY AREAS OF
BUILDINGS/ STRUCTURES
BUILDINGS/ STRUCTURES
terrace - usually paved outdoor area adjoining
a residence
patio area - a part of a structure having some
specific characteristic or function; "the
spacious cooking area provided plenty of
room for servants"
porch - a structure attached to the exterior of a
building often forming a covered entrance

ANCILLARY AREAS OF
ANCILLARY AREAS OF
BUILDINGS/ STRUCTURES
BUILDINGS/ STRUCTURES
balcony - a platform projecting from the
wall of a building and surrounded by a
balustrade or railing or parapet.
gallery - narrow recessed
balcony area along an upper
floor on the interior of a
building; usually marked by a
colonnade

Design *rocess
Design *rocess
1. #(AD
2. )a+e a mar+et list.
-roBect #eCuirements
-late #eCuirements

Design *rocess
Design *rocess
". -reliminar, Drawings
a. Determine t!e lot area
. Determine t!e uildale area
9saleale< common/open areas:
c. Dnderstand t!e concept of t!e
(/aminer
d. If an arc!itectural st,le is reCuired<
t!en list t!e elements for t!e specific
st,le.
%. Final Drawings