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CHAPTER INTRO

ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS, THEIR CAUSES, and SUSTAINABILITY

This powerpoint lecture is created by MUSFIL A.S.

LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a given time
The quantity increases by a fixed
percentage of the whole in a given
time
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
LIVING IN EXPONENTIAL AGE The quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a
SIX ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
SIX ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

1.

Population Growth

2.

Increasing Resource Use

3.

Global Climate Change

4.

Premature Extinction of Plants and Animals

5.

Pollution

6.

Poverty

3. Global Climate Change 4. Premature Extinction of Plants and Animals 5. Pollution 6. Poverty
3. Global Climate Change 4. Premature Extinction of Plants and Animals 5. Pollution 6. Poverty
3. Global Climate Change 4. Premature Extinction of Plants and Animals 5. Pollution 6. Poverty

Exponential Population Growth

Exponential Population Growth
Exponential Population Growth
Exponential Population Growth
THIS CHAPTER PRESENTS: An overview of: 1. Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy
THIS CHAPTER PRESENTS: An overview of: 1. Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy
THIS CHAPTER PRESENTS: An overview of: 1. Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy
THIS CHAPTER PRESENTS:
THIS CHAPTER PRESENTS:
An overview of: 1. Environmental Problems 2. Their causes
An overview of:
1.
Environmental Problems
2.
Their causes
3.
3.
4.
4.
of: 1. Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we

Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live more sustainably

Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live
Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live
Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live
Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live
Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live
Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live
Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live
Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live
Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live
Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live
Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live
Environmental Problems 2. Their causes 3. 4. Controversy over their seriousness, and Way we can live

With Sub Chapter:

1. Living more sustainably
2. Population Growth
3. Economic Growth, Development, and Globalization Resources Pollution Environmental Problems: Causes and Connections Is our present course sustainable?

4. 5. 6. 7.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Resources Pollution Environmental Problems: Causes and Connections Is our present course sustainable? 4. 5. 6. 7.
SUB CHAPTER INTRO.1 LIVING MORE SUSTAINABLE
SUB CHAPTER INTRO.1
LIVING MORE SUSTAINABLE

i.e. Living off natural income replenished by soils, plants, air, and water and not

depleting earth’s natural capital that supplies this income.

replenished by soils, plants, air, and water and not depleting earth’s natural capital that supplies this
replenished by soils, plants, air, and water and not depleting earth’s natural capital that supplies this
replenished by soils, plants, air, and water and not depleting earth’s natural capital that supplies this

Environment, Ecology, and Environmental Science

Environment: everything that affects a living organism (any unique form of life)

Ecology: a biological science that studies the relationships between living organisms and their

environment.

between living organisms and their environment. understand: 1. 3. Environmental Science: interdiciplinary
understand: 1.
understand:
1.

3.

Environmental Science: interdiciplinary science that uses concepts and information from natural sciences (ecology, biology, chemistry, and geology) and social sciences (economics, politics, and ethics) to help us

how the earth works

2. how we are affecting the earth’s life support-systems

how to deal with environmental problems we face.

Keeps us alive!

Our existence, lifestyles, and economies depend completely on the SUN and the EARTH

By analogy:

depend completely on the SUN and the EARTH • By analogy: 1. Energy from the Sun

1. Energy from the Sun as SOLAR CAPITAL 2. The planet’s air, water, soil, forests, fisheries, minerals, wildlife, range-lands, and natural purifi- cation, recycling, and pest control processes as NATURAL RESOURCES or NATURAL CAPITAL.

range-lands, and natural purifi- cation, recycling, and pest control processes as NATURAL RESOURCES or NATURAL CAPITAL

Earth’s Natural Capital

Consists of:

Resources (orange) and Ecological services (green) that support and sustain the earth’s life and economies.

of: Resources (orange) and Ecological services (green) that support and sustain the earth’s life and economies
of: Resources (orange) and Ecological services (green) that support and sustain the earth’s life and economies

SOLAR ENERGY

Direct sunlight and indirect forms of solar energy such as:

1.

wind power

and indirect forms of solar energy such as: 1. wind power 3. 2. hydropower (from flowing
3.
3.

2. hydropower (from flowing water), and

biomass (direct solar energy converted into chemical energy stored in biologi- cal sources of energy like wood, etc)

Environmental Sustainable Society
Environmental Sustainable Society
A society that has achievements: 1. It satisfies the basic needs of its people for
A society that has achievements:
1. It satisfies the basic needs of its people
for food, clean air, clean water, and shelter
into indefinite future.
2. it does this without depleting or
degrading the earth’s natural capital and
thereby preventing current and future
generations of humans and other species
from meeting their basic needs.
and thereby preventing current and future generations of humans and other species from meeting their basic
and thereby preventing current and future generations of humans and other species from meeting their basic
and thereby preventing current and future generations of humans and other species from meeting their basic
and thereby preventing current and future generations of humans and other species from meeting their basic
and thereby preventing current and future generations of humans and other species from meeting their basic
and thereby preventing current and future generations of humans and other species from meeting their basic
and thereby preventing current and future generations of humans and other species from meeting their basic

Sub Chapter INTRO.2 POPULATION GROWTH

POPULATION GROWTH Currently is growing exponen- tially at a rate 1.26% a day (slowed from
POPULATION GROWTH Currently is growing exponen- tially at a rate 1.26% a day (slowed from
POPULATION GROWTH Currently is growing exponen- tially at a rate 1.26% a day (slowed from
POPULATION GROWTH
POPULATION GROWTH
POPULATION GROWTH Currently is growing exponen- tially at a rate 1.26% a day (slowed from 2.1%

Currently is growing exponen- tially at a rate 1.26% a day (slowed from 2.1% in 1963) At the end of 2004 world population around 6.4 billion

exponen- tially at a rate 1.26% a day (slowed from 2.1% in 1963) At the end
exponen- tially at a rate 1.26% a day (slowed from 2.1% in 1963) At the end
exponen- tially at a rate 1.26% a day (slowed from 2.1% in 1963) At the end

Sub Chapter INTRO.3. ECONOMIC: Growth, Development, Poverty, and Globalization

What is Economic Growth?

What is Economic Growth? An increase in a country’s capacity to provide people with goods and
An increase in a country’s capacity to provide people with goods and services, through:
An increase in a country’s capacity to
provide people with goods and services,
through:

Population Growth

a country’s capacity to provide people with goods and services, through: Population Growth + Increase in
+
+

Increase in Consumption

a country’s capacity to provide people with goods and services, through: Population Growth + Increase in
GNI, GDP, Per capita GNP, and GWP
GNI, GDP, Per capita GNP, and GWP
1. Gross National Income (GNI): Market value in current US dollars for goods and services
1.
Gross National Income (GNI):
Market value in current US dollars for
goods and services produced within and
outside (e.g. US companies in Mexico) a
country by the country’s business
persons in that year. (formerly: GNP)
2. Per capita GNI GNI divided by total
population, or average GNI per person.
persons in that year. (formerly: GNP) 2. Per capita GNI GNI divided by total population, or
persons in that year. (formerly: GNP) 2. Per capita GNI GNI divided by total population, or
persons in that year. (formerly: GNP) 2. Per capita GNI GNI divided by total population, or
persons in that year. (formerly: GNP) 2. Per capita GNI GNI divided by total population, or
persons in that year. (formerly: GNP) 2. Per capita GNI GNI divided by total population, or
persons in that year. (formerly: GNP) 2. Per capita GNI GNI divided by total population, or
persons in that year. (formerly: GNP) 2. Per capita GNI GNI divided by total population, or
persons in that year. (formerly: GNP) 2. Per capita GNI GNI divided by total population, or
3. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Market value in current US dollars for goods and services
3. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Market value in current US dollars for
goods and services produced within a
country in that year.
4. Gross World Product (GWP)
Market value in current US dollars of
all goods and services produced in
the world in a year
Gross World Product (GWP) Market value in current US dollars of all goods and services produced
Gross World Product (GWP) Market value in current US dollars of all goods and services produced
Gross World Product (GWP) Market value in current US dollars of all goods and services produced
Gross World Product (GWP) Market value in current US dollars of all goods and services produced
Gross World Product (GWP) Market value in current US dollars of all goods and services produced
Gross World Product (GWP) Market value in current US dollars of all goods and services produced
Gross World Product (GWP) Market value in current US dollars of all goods and services produced
Gross World Product (GWP) Market value in current US dollars of all goods and services produced
Gross World Product (GWP) Market value in current US dollars of all goods and services produced

Economic Development The improvement of living standards by econo- mic growth

The improvement of living standards by econo- mic growth Developing Countries – Developed Countries – South
Developing Countries – Developed Countries – South (Low GNP) North (High GNP) mostly in Africa,
Developing Countries –
Developed Countries –
South (Low GNP)
North (High GNP)
mostly in Africa, Asia and
Mostly US, Canada,
Latin America
Low and middle income
81% world population
Europe, New Zealand,
Australia, and Japan
19% world population
New Zealand, Australia, and Japan 19% world population 15% world wealth and income Use 12% world

15% world wealth and income Use 12% world resources 95% population growth Impact of Poverty

85% world wealth and income Use 88% world’s natural resources, generate 75% pollution and waste

Poverty

is related to environmental quality and people’s quality of life
is related to environmental quality and people’s
quality of life
to environmental quality and people’s quality of life • • • • Many poor people: deplete

Many poor people: deplete and degrade local forest, soil, grasslands, wildlife, and water supply for
Many poor people:
deplete and degrade local forest, soil, grasslands,
wildlife, and water supply for short term survival
often life in areas with high level of air and water
pollution and have job in unhealty area and unsave
work
pollution and have job in unhealty area and unsave work often have many children as a

often have many children as a form of econo-mic security

and unsave work often have many children as a form of econo-mic security die prematurely from
and unsave work often have many children as a form of econo-mic security die prematurely from
die prematurely from preventable health problem
die prematurely from preventable health problem
and unsave work often have many children as a form of econo-mic security die prematurely from
and unsave work often have many children as a form of econo-mic security die prematurely from

Globalization

Definition: process of global social, economic and environmental change leading to an in-creasingly integrated world.
Definition: process of global social, economic and
environmental change leading to an in-creasingly
integrated world. (Economic, Information and
Communication, and Environmental Effects)
Consequences:
Consequences:

- Increase in global economy and international trade - Increase in transnational corporations (7,000

54,000 ) (1970-2001) - Increased transportation of exotic species and infectious diseases across borders - Transfer of pollutants like DDT and radioactive

particles

of exotic species and infectious diseases across borders - Transfer of pollutants like DDT and radioactive
What is a resource? Economic Resource Meets human needs and wants Ecological Resource Required by
What is a resource? Economic Resource Meets human needs and wants Ecological Resource Required by
What is a resource? Economic Resource Meets human needs and wants Ecological Resource Required by
What is a resource? Economic Resource Meets human needs and wants Ecological Resource Required by
What is a resource? Economic Resource Meets human needs and wants Ecological Resource Required by
What is a resource?
What is a resource?
What is a resource? Economic Resource Meets human needs and wants Ecological Resource Required by an
What is a resource? Economic Resource Meets human needs and wants Ecological Resource Required by an

Economic Resource

Meets human needs and wants

is a resource? Economic Resource Meets human needs and wants Ecological Resource Required by an organism
is a resource? Economic Resource Meets human needs and wants Ecological Resource Required by an organism

Ecological Resource

Required by an organism for growth, maintenance, reproduction.

Sub Chapter INTRO.4.

Resources

 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable
 Perpetual
 Non-renewable
 Renewable
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
Fig. 1-6 p. 9
Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
 Perpetual  Non-renewable  Renewable Fig. 1-6 p. 9
human viewpoint Resources 1. Perpetual: e.g. Sun 2. Renewable (fairly rapid replenishment): e.g. forest 
human viewpoint
human viewpoint

Resources

1. Perpetual: e.g. Sun 2. Renewable (fairly rapid replenishment): e.g. forest  sustainable yield (use
1. Perpetual: e.g. Sun
2. Renewable (fairly rapid
replenishment): e.g. forest
 sustainable yield (use =
replace)
 environmental degradation
3. Non-renewable: e.g. coal, metal.
e.g. forest  sustainable yield (use = replace)  environmental degradation 3. Non-renewable: e.g. coal, metal.

Renewable Resources

can be replenished fairly rapidly
can be replenished fairly rapidly
Sustainable Yield: the highest rate at which a renewable resource can be used indefinitely without
Sustainable Yield: the highest rate at
which a renewable resource can be used
indefinitely without reducing its available supply
be used indefinitely without reducing its available supply  Environmental Degradation: the process at which the

Environmental Degradation: the

process at which the available supply begins shrink

Tragedy of the Commons: degradation of

renewable free-access resources (overuse of common property)

“If I do not use this resource, someone else will”

Ecological Footprint Developed Countries Large “Ecological Footprint” or environmental impact. High economic and
Ecological Footprint Developed Countries Large “Ecological Footprint” or environmental impact. High economic and
Ecological Footprint Developed Countries Large “Ecological Footprint” or environmental impact. High economic and
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint

Developed

Countries

Large “Ecological

Footprint” or

environmental

impact.

High economic

and population

growth,

Globalization (increasingly integrated world).

Less Developed Countries

81% world

(increasingly integrated world). Less Developed Countries 81 % world population, 15 % Income 12% Resources
(increasingly integrated world). Less Developed Countries 81 % world population, 15 % Income 12% Resources

population,

15 % Income

12% Resources

(increasingly integrated world). Less Developed Countries 81 % world population, 15 % Income 12% Resources
(increasingly integrated world). Less Developed Countries 81 % world population, 15 % Income 12% Resources
(increasingly integrated world). Less Developed Countries 81 % world population, 15 % Income 12% Resources
Per Capita Ecological Footprint is amount of biogically productive area per person required to produce
Per Capita Ecological Footprint
is amount of biogically productive area
per person required to produce the
renewable resources (such as food and
wood), supply space for infrastructure,
and absorbs the greenhouse gas CO 2
emitted from burning fossil fuels
food and wood), supply space for infrastructure, and absorbs the greenhouse gas CO 2 emitted from
food and wood), supply space for infrastructure, and absorbs the greenhouse gas CO 2 emitted from
food and wood), supply space for infrastructure, and absorbs the greenhouse gas CO 2 emitted from
food and wood), supply space for infrastructure, and absorbs the greenhouse gas CO 2 emitted from
food and wood), supply space for infrastructure, and absorbs the greenhouse gas CO 2 emitted from
food and wood), supply space for infrastructure, and absorbs the greenhouse gas CO 2 emitted from
food and wood), supply space for infrastructure, and absorbs the greenhouse gas CO 2 emitted from
food and wood), supply space for infrastructure, and absorbs the greenhouse gas CO 2 emitted from
food and wood), supply space for infrastructure, and absorbs the greenhouse gas CO 2 emitted from
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint

Ecological Footprint

Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint

Non-Renewable Resources

exist in a fixed quantity or stock in the earth’s crust

 Energy Resources: coal, natural gas, oil  Metallic Resources: iron, copper, Al, etc
 Energy Resources: coal, natural gas, oil
 Metallic Resources: iron, copper, Al, etc
gas, oil  Metallic Resources: iron, copper, Al, etc  Non-Metallic Resources: salt, clay, etc 
 Non-Metallic Resources: salt, clay, etc  Reuse: glass bottle  Recycle: Al-can
 Non-Metallic
Resources:
salt, clay, etc
 Reuse: glass
bottle
 Recycle: Al-can

Economic Depletion

Sub Chapter INTRO.5

Pollutions

Pollutions What is pollution? : any addition to air, water, soil, or food that threatens
Pollutions What is pollution? : any addition to air, water, soil, or food that threatens
Pollutions What is pollution? : any addition to air, water, soil, or food that threatens
Pollutions
Pollutions
What is pollution? : any addition to air, water, soil, or food that threatens the
What is pollution? : any addition to air,
water, soil, or food that threatens the health, survival,
or activities of humans or other living organisms

Effects of Pollution:

1. disruption of life-support systems for humans and

other species 2. damage to human health, wildlife, and property

species 2. damage to human health, wildlife, and property 3. nuisances such as noise, unpleasants smells,

3. nuisances such as noise, unpleasants smells, tastes,

and sights

2. damage to human health, wildlife, and property 3. nuisances such as noise, unpleasants smells, tastes,
2. damage to human health, wildlife, and property 3. nuisances such as noise, unpleasants smells, tastes,
2. damage to human health, wildlife, and property 3. nuisances such as noise, unpleasants smells, tastes,
Dealing With Pollution  Prevention (Input Control) : reduces or elimi- nates the production of

Dealing With Pollution

Dealing With Pollution  Prevention (Input Control) : reduces or elimi- nates the production of pollutants.
Dealing With Pollution  Prevention (Input Control) : reduces or elimi- nates the production of pollutants.

Prevention (Input Control): reduces or elimi-

nates the production of pollutants.

Prevent or at least reduce the pollution by 5

Rs resources use:

- Refuse (do not use)

- Replace (find less harmful sustitute)

- Reduce (use less)

- Reuse (use over and over again)

- Recycle (reprocessing)

(find less harmful sustitute) - Reduce (use less) - Reuse (use over and over again) -
(find less harmful sustitute) - Reduce (use less) - Reuse (use over and over again) -
(find less harmful sustitute) - Reduce (use less) - Reuse (use over and over again) -
(find less harmful sustitute) - Reduce (use less) - Reuse (use over and over again) -
(find less harmful sustitute) - Reduce (use less) - Reuse (use over and over again) -
(find less harmful sustitute) - Reduce (use less) - Reuse (use over and over again) -
(find less harmful sustitute) - Reduce (use less) - Reuse (use over and over again) -

Dealing With Pollution

Dealing With Pollution Clean-up (End-of-Pipe solutions) Why is this problematic? P r o b l e

Clean-up (End-of-Pipe solutions) Why is this problematic?

Clean-up (End-of-Pipe solutions) Why is this problematic? P r o b l e m s 1.

Problems

1.

Temporary fix as population grows

 
 

2.

Moves problem elsewhere

3.

Dilution is not solution

Dealing With Pollution

Ø Cleanup (Output Control): cleaning up pollutants after produced. Three problems with relying primarily on
Ø Cleanup (Output Control): cleaning up pollutants
after produced.
Three problems with relying primarily on
cleanup:
-1. Temporary bandage as long as population and
consumption levels grow without corresponding
improvements in pollution control technology
-2. It often removes a pollutant from one part of the
environment only to cause pollution in another
(burned – dumped – buried)
-3. Once pollutants have entered and become
dispersed into the environment at harmful levels, it
usually cost too much to reduce them to acceptable
level.
Both Pollution Prevention and Pollu- tion Cleanup are needed! Emphasize to prevention because it works
Both Pollution Prevention and Pollu-
tion Cleanup are needed!
Emphasize to prevention because it
works better and cheaper than cleanup
“An ounce of prevention is worth a
pound of cure”
Government have encourege for both
and cheaper than cleanup “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” Government have
and cheaper than cleanup “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” Government have
and cheaper than cleanup “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” Government have
and cheaper than cleanup “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” Government have

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Key Players Ecologists : study ecology Conservation Biologist: study &

Key Players

Ecologists: study ecology

Conservation Biologist: study & protect

biodiversity

Environmentalists: study the relationship/ impact of man on environment. Multidisciplinary.

Preservationists: protect/support undisturbed nature areas

Conservationists: sustain natural areas for wildlife.

Restorationists: promote partial or complete restoration of degraded natural areas

Sub Chapter INTRO.6 Environmental and Resource

Problems: Causes and

Connections

Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems

 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Major Problems: interconnected environmental and resource problems
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
 Five Root Causes
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13

Environmental Impact

Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13

Fig. 1-11 p. 13

Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Impact Fig. 1-11 p. 13
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14

Environmental Interactions

Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14

Fig. 1-12 p. 14

Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14
Environmental Interactions Fig. 1-12 p. 14

Sub Chapter INTRO.7

Is Our Present Course Sustainable?

Are things getting better or worse?

Are things getting better or worse ?
Are things getting better or worse ?
Are things getting better or worse ?
Are things getting better or worse ?
Are things getting better or worse ?

Three Unifying Themes that we could work towards

Three Unifying Themes that we could work towards Sustainability : practical goal our interaction with the
Three Unifying Themes that we could work towards Sustainability : practical goal our interaction with the
Three Unifying Themes that we could work towards Sustainability : practical goal our interaction with the
Three Unifying Themes that we could work towards Sustainability : practical goal our interaction with the

Sustainability: practical goal our

interaction with the natural world should

aim towards

Stewardship: ethical and moral

framework that forms the basis of public and private actions

Sound Science: Basis for our

understanding how the world works

Environmental Worldviews  Planetary Management: We are in charge of nature There is always more

Environmental Worldviews Planetary Management:

Environmental Worldviews  Planetary Management: We are in charge of nature There is always more (has
We are in charge of nature There is always more (has unlimited supply) All economic
We are in charge of nature
There is always more (has unlimited
supply)
All economic growth is good and the
potential for it is essentially limitless
Our success depends on how well we
can understand, control, and manage
the earth’s life-support system for our
benefit
success depends on how well we can understand, control, and manage the earth’s life-support system for
success depends on how well we can understand, control, and manage the earth’s life-support system for
success depends on how well we can understand, control, and manage the earth’s life-support system for
Environmental Worldviews  Environmental Wisdom: Opposite of the Planetary Management Worldview:  Natural does not
Environmental Worldviews  Environmental Wisdom: Opposite of the Planetary Management Worldview:  Natural does not
Environmental Worldviews  Environmental Wisdom: Opposite of the Planetary Management Worldview:  Natural does not

Environmental Worldviews Environmental Wisdom:

Environmental Worldviews  Environmental Wisdom:
Environmental Worldviews  Environmental Wisdom:

Opposite of the Planetary Management Worldview:

Wisdom: Opposite of the Planetary Management Worldview:  Natural does not just for us and we

Natural does not just for us and we only think we in charge There is not always more Some economic growth are environmen- tally harmful Our success depends on: learning about sus-taining the earth, and integrating scientific lesson from nature into the way we think & act

on: learning about sus-taining the earth, and integrating scientific lesson from nature into the way we
on: learning about sus-taining the earth, and integrating scientific lesson from nature into the way we
on: learning about sus-taining the earth, and integrating scientific lesson from nature into the way we

Environmentally-Sustainable Economic Development

Social Economic Environmental Traditional decision making
Social
Economic
Environmental
Traditional
decision making
Social Economic Sustainable Solutions Environmental
Social
Economic
Sustainable
Solutions
Environmental
Decision making in a sustainable society
Decision making in a
sustainable society
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