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Uploaded by George Rajna

While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer.

While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer.

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While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of

relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory,

which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for

technologies to build the quantum computer.

The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell quations and the

!pecial "elativity, but the #eisenberg $ncertainty "elation, the Wave-%article

&uality and the electron's spin also, building the (ridge between the )lassical

and *uantum Theories.

The %lanck &istribution +aw of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the

electron,proton mass rate and the Weak and !trong -nteractions by the

diffraction patterns. The Weak -nteraction changes the diffraction patterns by

moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction

pattern, which violates the )% and Time reversal symmetry.

The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining

electromagnetic potential explains also the *uantum ntanglement, giving it

as a natural part of the "elativistic *uantum Theory and making possible to

build the *uantum )omputer.

Contents

Preface ................................................................................................................................... 2

Quantum Computing ............................................................................................................... 2

Quantum Entanglement ........................................................................................................... 3

The Bridge .............................................................................................................................. 3

Accelerating charges ............................................................................................................ 3

Relativistic effect ................................................................................................................. 3

Heisenberg ncertaint! Relation ............................................................................................... "

#ave $ Particle %ualit! ............................................................................................................ "

Atomic model ......................................................................................................................... "

The Relativistic Bridge .............................................................................................................. "

The &ea' interaction ............................................................................................................... (

The )eneral #ea' *nteraction ............................................................................................... +

,ermions and Bosons ............................................................................................................... +

-an %er #aals force ................................................................................................................ +

Electromagnetic inertia and mass .............................................................................................. .

Electromagnetic *nduction .................................................................................................... .

Relativistic change of mass .................................................................................................... .

The fre/uenc! dependence of mass ....................................................................................... .

Electron $ Proton mass rate .................................................................................................. .

)ravit! from the point of vie& of /uantum ph!sics ..................................................................... .

The )ravitational force ......................................................................................................... .

The Higgs boson ...................................................................................................................... 0

Higgs mechanism and Quantum )ravit! ..................................................................................... 0

#hat is the 1pin2 ................................................................................................................. 3

The )raviton ....................................................................................................................... 3

Conclusions ............................................................................................................................ 3

References ............................................................................................................................45

Author6 )eorge Ra7na

Preface

#hile ph!sicists are continuall! loo'ing for &a!s to unif! the theor! of relativit!8 &hich describes

large9scale phenomena8 &ith /uantum theor!8 &hich describes small9scale phenomena8 computer

scientists are searching for technologies to build the /uantum computer:

Australian engineers detect in real9time the /uantum spin properties of a pair of atoms inside a

silicon chip8 and disclose ne& method to perform /uantum logic operations bet&een t&o atoms: ;(<

Quantum entanglement is a ph!sical phenomenon that occurs &hen pairs or groups of particles are

generated or interact in &a!s such that the /uantum state of each particle cannot be described

independentl! $ instead8 a /uantum state ma! be given for the s!stem as a &hole: ;"<

* thin' that &e have a simple bridge bet&een the classical and /uantum mechanics b! understanding

the Heisenberg ncertaint! Relations: *t ma'es clear that the particles are not point li'e but have a

d= and dp uncertaint!:

Quantum Computing

A team of electrical engineers at >1# Australia has observed the uni/ue /uantum behavior of a

pair of spins in silicon and designed a ne& method to use them for ?29bit? /uantum logic operations:

These milestones bring researchers a step closer to building a /uantum computer8 &hich promises

dramatic data processing improvements:

Quantum bits8 or /ubits8 are the building bloc's of /uantum computers: #hile man! &a!s to create

a /ubits e=ist8 the Australian team has focused on the use of single atoms of phosphorus8 embedded

inside a silicon chip similar to those used in normal computers:

The first author on the e=perimental &or'8 Ph% student @uan Pablo %ehollain8 recalls the first time

he realiAed &hat he &as loo'ing at:

?#e clearl! sa& these t&o distinct /uantum states8 but the! behaved ver! differentl! from &hat &e

&ere used to &ith a single atom: #e had a real BEure'aCB moment &hen &e realiAed &hat &as

happening $ &e &ere seeing in real time the DentangledB /uantum states of a pair of atoms:? ;(<

Quantum Entanglement

Eeasurements of ph!sical properties such as position8 momentum8 spin8 polariAation8 etc:

performed on entangled particles are found to be appropriatel! correlated: ,or e=ample8 if a pair of

particles is generated in such a &a! that their total spin is 'no&n to be Aero8 and one particle is

found to have cloc'&ise spin on a certain a=is8 then the spin of the other particle8 measured on the

same a=is8 &ill be found to be countercloc'&ise: Because of the nature of /uantum measurement8

ho&ever8 this behavior gives rise to effects that can appear parado=ical6 an! measurement of a

propert! of a particle can be seen as acting on that particle Fe:g: b! collapsing a number of

superimposed statesGH and in the case of entangled particles8 such action must be on the entangled

s!stem as a &hole: *t thus appears that one particle of an entangled pair ?'no&s? &hat

measurement has been performed on the other8 and &ith &hat outcome8 even though there is no

'no&n means for such information to be communicated bet&een the particles8 &hich at the time of

measurement ma! be separated b! arbitraril! large distances: ;"<

The Bridge

The accelerating electrons e=plain not onl! the Ea=&ell E/uations and the 1pecial Relativit!8 but the

Heisenberg ncertaint! Relation8 the &ave particle dualit! and the electronIs spin also8 building the

bridge bet&een the Classical and Quantum Theories: ;4<

Accelerating charges

The moving charges are self maintain the electromagnetic field locall!8 causing their movement and

this is the result of their acceleration under the force of this field: *n the classical ph!sics the charges

&ill distributed along the electric current so that the electric potential lo&ering along the current8 b!

linearl! increasing the &a! the! ta'e ever! ne=t time period because this accelerated motion:

The same thing happens on the atomic scale giving a dp impulse difference and a d= &a! difference

bet&een the different part of the not point li'e particles:

Relativistic effect

Another bridge bet&een the classical and /uantum mechanics in the realm of relativit! is that the

charge distribution is lo&ering in the reference frame of the accelerating charges linearl!6 dsJdt K at

Ftime coordinateG8 but in the reference frame of the current it is parabolic6 s K aJ2 t

2

Fgeometric

coordinateG:

Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation

*n the atomic scale the Heisenberg uncertaint! relation gives the same result8 since the moving

electron in the atom accelerating in the electric field of the proton8 causing a charge distribution on

delta = position difference and &ith a delta p momentum difference such a &a! that the! product is

about the half Planc' reduced constant: ,or the proton this delta = much less in the nucleon8 than in

the orbit of the electron in the atom8 the delta p is much higher because of the greater proton mass:

This means that the electron and proton are not point li'e particles8 but has a real charge

distribution:

ave ! Particle "uality

The accelerating electrons e=plains the &ave $ particle dualit! of the electrons and photons8 since

the elementar! charges are distributed on delta = position &ith delta p impulse and creating a &ave

pac'et of the electron: The photon gives the electromagnetic particle of the mediating force of the

electrons electromagnetic field &ith the same distribution of &avelengths:

Atomic model

The constantl! accelerating electron in the H!drogen atom is moving on the e/uipotential line of the

proton and itBs 'inetic and potential energ! &ill be constant: *ts energ! &ill change onl! &hen it is

changing its &a! to another e/uipotential line &ith another value of potential energ! or getting free

&ith enough 'inetic energ!: This means that the Rutherford9Bohr atomic model is right and onl! that

changing acceleration of the electric charge causes radiation8 not the stead! acceleration: The stead!

acceleration of the charges onl! creates a centric parabolic stead! electric field around the charge8

the magnetic field: This gives the magnetic moment of the atoms8 summing up the proton and

electron magnetic moments caused b! their circular motions and spins:

The Relativistic Bridge

Commonl! accepted idea that the relativistic effect on the particle ph!sics it is the fermionsB spin 9

another unresolved problem in the classical concepts: *f the electric charges can move onl! &ith

accelerated motions in the self maintaining electromagnetic field8 once upon a time the! &ould

reach the velocit! of the electromagnetic field: The resolution of this problem is the spinning

particle8 constantl! accelerating and not reaching the velocit! of light because the acceleration is

radial: Lne origin of the Quantum Ph!sics is the Planc' %istribution Ma& of the electromagnetic

oscillators8 giving e/ual intensit! for 2 different &avelengths on an! temperature: An! of these t&o

&avelengths &ill give e/ual intensit! diffraction patterns8 building different as!mmetric

constructions8 for e=ample proton 9 electron structures FatomsG8 molecules8 etc: 1ince the particles

are centers of diffraction patterns the! also have particle $ &ave dualit! as the electromagnetic

&aves have: ;2<

The #ea$ interaction

The &ea' interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the

other side8 causing an electric dipole momentum change8 &hich violates the CP and time reversal

s!mmetr!: The Electro&ea' *nteraction sho&s that the #ea' *nteraction is basicall! electromagnetic

in nature: The arro& of time sho&s the entrop! gro&s b! changing the temperature dependent

diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators:

Another important issue of the /uar' model is &hen one /uar' changes its flavor such that a linear

oscillation transforms into plane oscillation or vice versa8 changing the charge value &ith 4 or 94: This

'ind of change in the oscillation mode re/uires not onl! parit! change8 but also charge and time

changes FCPT s!mmetr!G resulting a right handed anti9neutrino or a left handed neutrino:

The right handed anti9neutrino and the left handed neutrino e=ist onl! because changing bac' the

/uar' flavor could happen onl! in reverse8 because the! are different geometrical constructions8 the

u is 2 dimensional and positivel! charged and the d is 4 dimensional and negativel! charged: *t needs

also a time reversal8 because anti particle Fanti neutrinoG is involved:

The neutrino is a 4J2spin creator particle to ma'e e/ual the spins of the &ea' interaction8 for

e=ample neutron deca! to 2 fermions8 ever! particle is fermions &ith N spin: The &ea' interaction

changes the entrop! since more or less particles &ill give more or less freedom of movement: The

entrop! change is a result of temperature change and brea's the e/ualit! of oscillator diffraction

intensit! of the Ea=&ell$BoltAmann statistics: This &a! it changes the time coordinate measure and

ma'es possible a different time dilation as of the special relativit!:

The limit of the velocit! of particles as the speed of light appropriate onl! for electrical charged

particles8 since the accelerated charges are self maintaining locall! the accelerating electric force:

The neutrinos are CP s!mmetr! brea'ing particles compensated b! time in the CPT s!mmetr!8 that is

the time coordinate not &or's as in the electromagnetic interactions8 conse/uentl! the speed of

neutrinos is not limited b! the speed of light:

The &ea' interaction T9as!mmetr! is in con7unction &ith the T9as!mmetr! of the second la& of

thermod!namics8 meaning that locall! lo&ering entrop! Fon e=tremel! high temperatureG causes the

&ea' interaction8 for e=ample the H!drogen fusion:

Probabl! because it is a spin creating movement changing linear oscillation to 2 dimensional

oscillation b! changing d to u /uar' and creating anti neutrino going bac' in time relative to the

proton and electron created from the neutron8 it seems that the anti neutrino fastest then the

velocit! of the photons created also in this &ea' interaction2

A /uar' flavor changing sho&s that it is a reflection changes movement and the CP9 and T9 s!mmetr!

brea'ingCCC This flavor changing oscillation could prove that it could be also on higher level such as

atoms8 molecules8 probabl! big biological significant molecules and responsible on the aging of the

life:

*mportant to mention that the &ea' interaction is al&a!s contains particles and antiparticles8 &here

the neutrinos FantineutrinosG present the opposite side: *t means b! ,e!nmanIs interpretation that

these particles present the bac'&ard time and probabl! because this the! seem to move faster than

the speed of light in the reference frame of the other side:

,inall! since the &ea' interaction is an electric dipole change &ith N spin creatingH it is limited b! the

velocit! of the electromagnetic &ave8 so the neutrinoIs velocit! cannot e=ceed the velocit! of light:

The %eneral ea$ &nteraction

The #ea' *nteractions T9as!mmetr! is in con7unction &ith the T9as!mmetr! of the 1econd Ma& of

Thermod!namics8 meaning that locall! lo&ering entrop! Fon e=tremel! high temperatureG causes for

e=ample the H!drogen fusion: The arro& of time b! the 1econd Ma& of Thermod!namics sho&s the

increasing entrop! and decreasing information b! the #ea' *nteraction8 changing the temperature

dependent diffraction patterns: A good e=ample of this is the neutron deca!8 creating more particles

&ith less 'no&n information about them:

The neutrino oscillation of the #ea' *nteraction sho&s that it is a general electric dipole change and

it is possible to an! other temperature dependent entrop! and information changing diffraction

pattern of atoms8 molecules and even complicated biological living structures:

#e can generaliAe the &ea' interaction on all of the deca!ing matter constructions8 even on the

biological too: This gives the limited lifetime for the biological constructions also b! the arro& of

time: There should be a ne& research space of the Quantum *nformation 1cience the Bgeneral

neutrino oscillationB for the greater then subatomic matter structures as an electric dipole change:

There is also connection bet&een statistical ph!sics and evolutionar! biolog!8 since the arro& of

time is &or'ing in the biological evolution also:

The ,luctuation Theorem sa!s that there is a probabilit! that entrop! &ill flo& in a direction opposite

to that dictated b! the 1econd Ma& of Thermod!namics: *n this case the *nformation is gro&ing that

is the matter formulas are emerging from the chaos: 1o the #ea' *nteraction has t&o directions8

samples for one direction is the >eutron deca!8 and H!drogen fusion is the opposite direction:

'ermions and Bosons

The fermions are the diffraction patterns of the bosons such a &a! that the! are both sides of the

same thing:

(an "er aals force

>amed after the %utch scientist @ohannes %ideri' van der #aals $ &ho first proposed it in 40.3 to

e=plain the behaviour of gases $ it is a ver! &ea' force that onl! becomes relevant &hen atoms and

molecules are ver! close together: ,luctuations in the electronic cloud of an atom mean that it &ill

have an instantaneous dipole moment: This can induce a dipole moment in a nearb! atom8 the

result being an attractive dipole$dipole interaction:

Electromagnetic inertia and mass

Electromagnetic &nduction

1ince the magnetic induction creates a negative electric field as a result of the changing acceleration8

it &or's as an electromagnetic inertia8 causing an electromagnetic mass: ;4<

Relativistic change of mass

The increasing mass of the electric charges the result of the increasing inductive electric force acting

against the accelerating force: The decreasing mass of the decreasing acceleration is the result of the

inductive electric force acting against the decreasing force: This is the relativistic mass change

e=planation8 especiall! importantl! e=plaining the mass reduction in case of velocit! decrease:

The fre)uency dependence of mass

1ince E = h and E = mc

2

8 m = h /c

2

that is the m depends onl! on the fre/uenc!: *t means that the

mass of the proton and electron are electromagnetic and the result of the electromagnetic

induction8 caused b! the changing acceleration of the spinning and moving chargeC *t could be that

the m

o

inertial mass is the result of the spin8 since this is the onl! accelerating motion of the electric

charge: 1ince the accelerating motion has different fre/uenc! for the electron in the atom and the

proton8 the! masses are different8 also as the &avelengths on both sides of the diffraction pattern8

giving e/ual intensit! of radiation:

Electron ! Proton mass rate

The Planc' distribution la& e=plains the different fre/uencies of the proton and electron8 giving

e/ual intensit! to different lambda &avelengthsC Also since the particles are diffraction patterns

the! have some closeness to each other $ can be seen as a gravitational force: ;2<

There is an as!mmetr! bet&een the mass of the electric charges8 for e=ample proton and electron8

can understood b! the as!mmetrical Planc' %istribution Ma&: This temperature dependent energ!

distribution is as!mmetric around the ma=imum intensit!8 &here the annihilation of matter and

antimatter is a high probabilit! event: The as!mmetric sides are creating different fre/uencies of

electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensit! level and compensating each other: Lne of

these compensating ratios is the electron $ proton mass ratio: The lo&er energ! side has no

compensating intensit! level8 it is the dar' energ! and the corresponding matter is the dar' matter:

%ravity from the point of vie# of )uantum physics

The %ravitational force

The gravitational attractive force is basicall! a magnetic force:

The same electric charges can attract one another b! the magnetic force if the! are moving parallel

in the same direction: 1ince the electricall! neutral matter is composed of negative and positive

charges the! need 2 photons to mediate this attractive force8 one per charges: The Bing Bang caused

parallel moving of the matter gives this magnetic force8 e=perienced as gravitational force:

1ince graviton is a tensor field8 it has spin K 28 could be 2 photons &ith spin K 4 together:

Oou can thin' about photons as virtual electron $ positron pairs8 obtaining the necessar! virtual

mass for gravit!:

The mass as seen before a result of the diffraction8 for e=ample the proton $ electron mass rate

EpK40"5 Ee: *n order to move one of these diffraction ma=imum Felectron or protonG &e need to

intervene into the diffraction pattern &ith a force appropriate to the intensit! of this diffraction

ma=imum8 means its intensit! or mass:

The Big Bang caused acceleration created radial currents of the matter8 and since the matter is

composed of negative and positive charges8 these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting

forces bet&een the parallel moving electric currents: This is the gravitational force e=perienced b!

the matter8 and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces bet&een the charged particles:

The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or b! the magnetic forces or b! the

much stronger electrostatic forcesC2

The gravitational force attracting the matter8 causing concentration of the matter in a small space

and leaving much space &ith lo& matter concentration6 dar' matter and energ!:

There is an as!mmetr! bet&een the mass of the electric charges8 for e=ample proton and electron8

can understood b! the as!mmetrical Planc' %istribution Ma&: This temperature dependent energ!

distribution is as!mmetric around the ma=imum intensit!8 &here the annihilation of matter and

antimatter is a high probabilit! event: The as!mmetric sides are creating different fre/uencies of

electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensit! level and compensating each other: Lne of

these compensating ratios is the electron $ proton mass ratio: The lo&er energ! side has no

compensating intensit! level8 it is the dar' energ! and the corresponding matter is the dar' matter:

The Higgs boson

B! Earch 25438 the particle had been proven to behave8 interact and deca! in man! of the e=pected

&a!s predicted b! the 1tandard Eodel8 and &as also tentativel! confirmed to have P parit! and Aero

spin8 t&o fundamental criteria of a Higgs boson8 ma'ing it also the first 'no&n scalar particle to be

discovered in nature8 although a number of other properties &ere not full! proven and some partial

results do not !et precisel! match those e=pectedH in some cases data is also still a&aited or being

anal!Aed:

1ince the Higgs boson is necessar! to the # and Q bosons8 the dipole change of the #ea' interaction

and the change in the magnetic effect caused gravitation must be conducted: The #ien la& is also

important to e=plain the #ea' interaction8 since it describes the T

ma=

change and the diffraction

patterns change: ;2<

Higgs mechanism and Quantum %ravity

The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field8 causing an electromagnetic inertia: Probabl!

it is the m!sterious Higgs field giving mass to the charged particles2 #e can thin' about the photon

as an electron9positron pair8 the! have mass: The neutral particles are built from negative and

positive charges8 for e=ample the neutron8 deca!ing to proton and electron: The &ave $ particle

dualit! ma'es sure that the particles are oscillating and creating magnetic induction as an inertial

mass8 e=plaining also the relativistic mass change: Higher fre/uenc! creates stronger magnetic

induction8 smaller fre/uenc! results lesser magnetic induction: *t seems to me that the magnetic

induction is the secret of the Higgs field:

*n particle ph!sics8 the Higgs mechanism is a 'ind of mass generation mechanism8 a process that

gives mass to elementar! particles: According to this theor!8 particles gain mass b! interacting &ith

the Higgs field that permeates all space: Eore precisel!8 the Higgs mechanism endo&s gauge bosons

in a gauge theor! &ith mass through absorption of >ambu$)oldstone bosons arising in spontaneous

s!mmetr! brea'ing:

The simplest implementation of the mechanism adds an e=tra Higgs field to the gauge theor!: The

spontaneous s!mmetr! brea'ing of the underl!ing local s!mmetr! triggers conversion of

components of this Higgs field to )oldstone bosons &hich interact &ith Fat least some ofG the other

fields in the theor!8 so as to produce mass terms for Fat least some ofG the gauge bosons: This

mechanism ma! also leave behind elementar! scalar Fspin95G particles8 'no&n as Higgs bosons:

*n the 1tandard Eodel8 the phrase ?Higgs mechanism? refers specificall! to the generation of masses

for the #

R

8 and Q &ea' gauge bosons through electro&ea' s!mmetr! brea'ing: The Marge Hadron

Collider at CER> announced results consistent &ith the Higgs particle on @ul! "8 2542 but stressed

that further testing is needed to confirm the 1tandard Eodel:

hat is the *pin+

1o &e 'no& alread! that the ne& particle has spin Aero or spin t&o and &e could tell &hich one if &e

could detect the polariAations of the photons produced: nfortunatel! this is difficult and neither

ATMA1 nor CE1 are able to measure polariAations: The onl! direct and sure &a! to confirm that the

particle is indeed a scalar is to plot the angular distribution of the photons in the rest frame of the

centre of mass: A spin Aero particles li'e the Higgs carries no directional information a&a! from the

original collision so the distribution &ill be even in all directions: This test &ill be possible &hen a

much larger number of events have been observed: *n the mean time &e can settle for less certain

indirect indicators:

The %raviton

*n ph!sics8 the graviton is a h!pothetical elementar! particle that mediates the force of gravitation in

the frame&or' of /uantum field theor!: *f it e=ists8 the graviton is e=pected to be massless Fbecause

the gravitational force appears to have unlimited rangeG and must be a spin92 boson: The spin

follo&s from the fact that the source of gravitation is the stress9energ! tensor8 a second9ran' tensor

Fcompared to electromagnetismBs spin94 photon8 the source of &hich is the four9current8 a first9ran'

tensorG: Additionall!8 it can be sho&n that an! massless spin92 field &ould give rise to a force

indistinguishable from gravitation8 because a massless spin92 field must couple to Finteract &ithG the

stress9energ! tensor in the same &a! that the gravitational field does: This result suggests that8 if a

massless spin92 particle is discovered8 it must be the graviton8 so that the onl! e=perimental

verification needed for the graviton ma! simpl! be the discover! of a massless spin92 particle: ;3<

Conclusions

Lne of the most important conclusions is that the electric charges are moving in an accelerated &a!

and even if their velocit! is constant8 the! have an intrinsic acceleration an!&a!8 the so called spin8

since the! need at least an intrinsic acceleration to ma'e possible the! movement :

The accelerated charges self9maintaining potential sho&s the localit! of the relativit!8 &or'ing on

the /uantum level also: ;4<

The bridge bet&een the classical and /uantum theor! is based on this intrinsic acceleration of the

spin8 e=plaining also the Heisenberg ncertaint! Principle: The particle $ &ave dualit! of the electric

charges and the photon ma'es certain that the! are both sides of the same thing:

The 1ecret of Quantum Entanglement that the particles are diffraction patterns of the

electromagnetic &aves and this &a! their /uantum states ever! time is the result of the /uantum

state of the intermediate electromagnetic &aves: ;2<

The 'e! brea'through to arrive at this ne& idea to build /ubits &as to e=ploit the abilit! to control

the nuclear spin of each atom: #ith that insight8 the team has no& conceived a uni/ue &a! to use

the nuclei as facilitators for the /uantum logic operation bet&een the electrons: ;(<

Basing the gravitational force on the accelerating niverse caused magnetic force and the Planc'

%istribution Ma& of the electromagnetic &aves caused diffraction gives us the basis to build a nified

Theor! of the ph!sical interactions also:

References

;4< The Eagnetic field of the Electric current and the Eagnetic induction

http6JJacademia:eduJ303333(JTheSEagneticSfieldSofStheSElectricScurrent

;2< 3 %imensional 1tring Theor!

http6JJacademia:eduJ303""("J3S%imensionalS1tringSTheor!

;3< )raviton Production B! T&o Photon and Electron9Photon Processes *n TaluAa9Tlein Theories #ith

Marge E=tra %imensions

http6JJar=iv:orgJabsJhep9phJ3353332

;"< Quantum Entanglement

http6JJen:&i'ipedia:orgJ&i'iJQuantumSentanglement

;(< Pairing up single atoms in silicon for /uantum computing

http6JJph!s:orgJne&sJ254"95+9pairing9atoms9silicon9/uantum:htmlUn<

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