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CE 2402 ESTIMATION & QUANTITY SURVEYING B E Civil Engg 4

th
year 7
th
Semeter
Dec 2007 Anna University CE 1402 Q P No R 3178
2 MARK QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
00! "e# 2007 $hat are the %i&&erent ty'e (& Etimate) "e# 2007
1 Preliminary Estimate 6 Cue Rate Estimate !r Cui"al
C!ntent Estimate
11 Su##lementary Estimate
2 A##r!$imate Estimate % A##r!$imate Quantities Met&!'
Estimate
12 Su##lementary an' Re(ise'
Estimate
) Astra"t Estimate * +etaile' Estimate 1) Annual Re#air , Maintenan"e
Estimate
- R!u.& C!st Estimate / Item Rate Estimate 1- 0un"ti!nal Unit Estimate
1 Plint& Area Estimate 12 Re(ise' Estimate 11 Pr!3e"t Estimate
16 C!m#lete Estimate
002 *ive the Unit (& Mea+rement &(r the &(ll(,ing item (& ,(r-
.i/ Steel 0ein&(r#ement in 0CC $(r-
.ii/ !!12 #m thi#- 3artiti(n $all in Bri#- $(r-
"e# 2007
4 Item !5 W!r6 Measurement ase' !n Unit !5 Measurement
1
Steel Rein5!r"ement in RCC W!r6s7
Wei.&t 6. !r Metri" T!nnes
2 1181 "m t&i"6 Partiti!n Wall in 9ri"6 W!r6 Area S:8 m OR s:8 5t
) 2) "m t&i"6 Wall in 9ri"6 W!r6 ;!lume Cui" metre !r C0T
004 $hat i Centre 5ine Meth(%) "e# 2007
In Centre < =ine Met&!'7 t&e t!tal !5 t&e "entre < t! < "entre 'istan"e len.t&s !5 all t&e main >alls i8e 5ull
t&i"6ness ? 5!r e.8 2) "m >all @ is a''e' all ar!un' t&e #erimeter an' ta6en as t&e ase :uantity8
Similarly t&e t!tal !5 "entre line len.t&s !5 !t&er ty#es !5 >alls ? !t&er t&i"6nesses !r !t&er materials @ are
a''e' se#arately
T&is TOTA= !5 Centre line len.t&s is t&en "al"ulate' >it& t&e res#e"ti(e Wi't& an' Aei.&t , T&i"6ness !5
t&at element an' its;!lume arri(e'
t&e si.ni5i"an"e !5 t&is Centre =ime Met&!' is t&at7 t&e Quantities !5 many elements &a(in. a "!mm!n
"entre line !r "!mm!n Symmetri"al A$is "an e "al"ulate' :ui"6ly 3ust y (aryin. t&e >i't&s an'
t&!i"6nesses ut TOTA= Centre =ine len.t& remainin. same
004 $hat i meant 6y S(0) "e# 2007
S!R re5ers t! S"&e'ule !5 Rates
t&is is t&e s"&e'ule i8e list !5 rates 5!r (ari!us materials7 la!urers7 >!r6 items an' !t&er elements !5 estimati!n
#ulis&e' y B!(t A.en"ies an' als! y #ri(ate "!m#anies 5r!m time t! time say e(ery year8
T&e S!R ser(es as a en"&mar6 5!r "!ntra"t!rs an' su##liers t! #re#are t&eir estimates an' i's an' #arti"i#ate in t&e
ten'er8
T&e S!R rates in"lu'e s!me minimum #er"enta.e !5 #r!5it 5!r t&e "!ntra"t!r
0!r "!nsi'erin. t&e TRASNPORTATION e$#enses7 m!st !5 t&e .!(ernment 'e#artments "!nsi'er a 'istan"e !5 *
6m ? 1 miles @ 5!r all items 5!r usual l!"ati!ns in Plain =an's in n!rmal sites >it&in !r neary Cities an' T!>ns
002 $hat i meant 6y the term S'e#i&i#ati(n) "e# 2007
S#e"i5i"ati!n s#e"i5ies < 'es"ries "learly < t&e nature an' ty#e !5 >!r6 t! e "arrie'7 :uality !5 material t! e use'7
'e.ree !5 >!r6mans&i#7 an' all !t&er 'etails re:uire' 5!r t&e
C!ntra"t!r t! 'e"i'e t&e Minimum Rate t! assi.n 5!r t&at material !r >!r6
Pr!"urement Mana.er t! 'e"i'e t&e ty#e !5 material t! uy
Te"&ni"ian t! un'erstan' t&e :uality !5 >!r6mans&i# re:uire'
Su#er(is!r t! 'e"i'e >&et&er t! a""e#t !r re3e"t a material 'eli(ere' an' a >!r6 "!m#lete'
S'e#i&i#ati(n are (& t,( ty'e
1 BENERA= !r 9RIE0 S#e"i5i"ati!ns < t! .i(e an !(erall !utline
2 +ETAI=E+ S#e"i5i"ati!ns C t! 'es"rie "!m#letely
T&e S#e"i5i"ati!ns '!"ument7 al!n. >it& +ra>in.s .i(e a "!m#lete #i"ture a!ut t&e >!r6 t! e '!ne in its t!tality
007 $hat i meant 6y TEN"E0) "e# 2007
Ten'er is an O00ER in >ritin. .i(en t! a C!ntra"t!r , Su##lier t! e$e"ute a "ertain >!r6 !r su##ly t&e
re:uire' .!!'s at #rea.ree' rates an' as #er t&e s#e"i5i"ati!ns >it&in a 5i$e' time 5rame un'er "ertain
"!n'iti!ns !5 "!ntra"t8
T&e Client >&! is .!in. t! #ay ann!un"es t&r!u.& a'(ertisements &is intenti!n t! .et t&e >!r6 '!ne
t&r!u.& "!natr"t!r an' in(ites t&em t! uy t&e ten'er '!"uments ? 'ra>in.s7 s#e"i5i"ati!ns7 "!n'i"ti!ns7
9!Q7 et"8 T&e "!ntra"t!rs sumit t&eir 9I+s ? !55ers >it& t&eir #r!#!se' rates an' #ri"es @ in seale' ten'ers8
T&e "lient a>ar's t&e >!r6 t! t&e l!>est i''er usually su3e"t t! "ertain "!n'iti!ns
007 $hat i CA3ITA5ISE" 8A5UE) "e# 2007
T&e Ca#italiDe' ;alue !5 a #r!#erty is t&e am!unt !5 a m!ney >&!se annual interest at t&e &i.&est
#re(ailin. rate !5 interest >ill e e:ual t! t&e net in"!me 5r!m t&e #r!#erty8
E.8 E A #r!#erty "an 5et"& a net annual rent !5 Rs8 17222 an' &i.&est rate !5 interest #re(alent ein. 1F
Its Ca#italiDe' ;alue is
0!r Rs 1 as Interest t&e Ca#ital Am!unt G Rs8 122
Aen"e t! .et Rs 17222 as interest7 "a#ital G
122
H17 222 227 222
1
=
T&us Ca#italiDe' (alue !5 t&e #r!#erty is Rs7 227222,C
In "ase i5 t&e interest rate is * F7 t&en t&e C; G
122
H17 222 127 122 ,
*
=
Alternati(ely7 Ca#italiDe' ;alue G Net Annual In"!me H IearJs Pur"&ase
T&us7 &i.&er t&e rate !5 interest7 t&e C; >ill e l!>er an' &en"e t&e rent s&all &a(e t! e in"rease'
009 "e&ine S#ra' 8al+e "e# 2007
S"ra# ;alue is t&e am!unt !5 m!ney t&at "an e earne' y 'is#!sin. a #r!#erty a5ter t&e en' !5 its use5ul
li5e8in uil'in.s7 items su"& as timer 5r!m 3!ineries7 steel 5r!m .rills7 an' e(en 'eris 5r!m 'em!liti!n
may 5et"& s!me (alue in t&e mar6et8
SCRAP ;A=UE G M!ney Re"ei(e' 5r!m Sellin. t&e #r!#erty < M!ney S#ent !n 'em!liti!n !r
trans#!rtati!n !5 t&e s"ra#7 et"8
00: $hat i meant 6y "E30ECIATION) "e# 2007
+e#re"iati!n is t&e .ra'ual e$&austi!n ? l!ss !r re'u"ti!n in (alue @ !5 t&e use5ulness !5 a #r!#erty8 T&e l!ss
!r re'u"ti!n is 'ue t! >ear an' tear7 !s!les"en"e7 'e"ay !r sim#ly .ettin. !ut !5 5as&i!n !r e(en 'ue t!
n!nCa(ailaility !5 s#ares an' ser(i"e su##!rt8
T&r!u.& 'e#re"iati!n7 t&e (alue !5 t&e #r!#erty is re'u"e' year a5ter year8
0!r a""!unts #ur#!se7 'e#re"iati!n am!unt "an e s&!>n as an e$#en'iture an' "an e 'e'u"te' 5r!m t&e
in"!me e5!re ta$ati!n
0!0 $hat are the %i&&erent meth(% (& 8al+ati(n (& a 6+il%ing) "e# 2007
Meth(% (& 8A5UATION
1 Rental Met&!'
2 +ire"t C!m#aris!n >it& Ca#ital ;alue
) ;aluati!n ase' !n Pr!5it
- ;aluati!n ase' !n C!st
1 +e(el!#ment met&!' !5 ;aluati!n
6 +e#re"iati!n met&!' !5 ;aluati!n

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