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Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics-1

Unit -3 MCQ's
Q.1 Heat of reaction depends upon
A) Temperature
B) Pressure
C) Stoichiometry of reaction
D) Both a) and b)

Q.2 Heat of reaction at constant volume is
A) Change in internal energy
B) Change in enthalpy
C) Zero
D) None of these

Q.3 The change in enthalpy when there is formation of 1 mol of a substance
from the reactants in their standard state is known as
A) Heat of combustion
B) Heat of hydration
C) Heat of formation
D) Heat of solution

Q.4 The reaction
C
(s)
+1/2 O
2(g)
CO
2
, H= -26.4 Kcal
CO
(g)
+1/2 O
2
CO
2,
H= -67.4 Kcal
From the above reaction, heat of formation of CO
2
will be
A) 94 Kcal
B) -94 Kcal
C) -41.2 Kcal
D) 41.2 Kcal

Q.5 For heat of combustion
A)H=H
p
-H
R
B) H= H
R
-H
p

C) Both of these
D) None of these

Q.6 Which of the following values of heat of reaction indicated that the product
is more stable?
A) -64.8 Kcal
B) -94 Kcal
C) 64.8 Kcal
D) 94 Kcal

Q.7 Point out the wrong statement
A) Combustion reactions are always exothermic.
B) Heat of combustion is always positive.
C) The heat of combustion of substance at 25C and one atmosphere is called
standard heat of combustion.
D) Heat of combustion depends on the physical state of the system.

Q.8 Enthalpies of all elements in their standard states are assumed to be
A) Zero
B) More than zero
C) Less than zero
D) None of these

Q.9 2H
2(g)
+O
2(g)
2H
2
O
(l)
, H=-13.66 Kcal. In the reaction heat of reaction of 1
mole of H
2
O is
A) -13.66 Kcal
B) 13.66 Kcal
C) -6.83 Kcal
D) 6.83 Kcal

Q.10 In a reaction A+B C+D, H is negative. The nature of reverse reaction
is
A) No change in enthalpy
B) Exothermic reaction
C) Endothermic reaction
D) None of these

Q.11
Given the following data at 1 atm of pressure and 25.0
o
C...
DH
o
formation
= +64.4 kJ/mole for Cu
2+

DH
o
formation
= -152.4 kJ/mole for Zn
2+

DH
o
formation
= 0 for both Zn and Cu because these are in the most stable state.
Calculate the standard heat of reaction for...


A) -217 kJ/mole

B) +217 kJ/mole

C) -88.0 kJ/mole

D) +88.0 kJ/mole

Q. 12 Considering the following reaction, what is the heat of combustion of
sulphur?
A) -395 KJ/mol
B) 790 KJ/mol
C) -790 KJ/mol
D) +395 KJ/mol

Q.13
The combustion equations of carbon and carbon monoxide are as follows:
C + O
2
= CO
2
, H = - 394 kJ/kg . mole
CO + 1/2 O
2
= CO
2
, H = - 284.5 kJ/kg. mole.
The heat of formation of CO is __________ kJ/kg. mole.

A) -109.5 KJ/kg mol
B) 109.5 KJ/kg mol

C) -180 KJ/kg mol
D) 180 KJ/kg mol

Q.14 Enthalpy of formation of NH
3
is - 46 kJ/kg mole. The enthalpy
change for the gaseous reaction, 2NH
3
N
2
+ 3H
2
, is equal to
__________ kJ/kg. mole.
A) 46
B) 92
C) -92
D) 23

Q.15
Hess's law of constant heat summation is based on conservation of mass.
It deals with
A
.
A) equilibrium constant.
B
.
B) reaction rate.
C
.
C) changes in heat of
reaction.

D
.
D)none of these.

Q. 16 Heat of reaction is
A) Change in entropy
B) Change in pressure
C) Change in enthalpy
D) None of these

Q.17 Endothermic reaction has
A) Positive value of H
B) Negative value of H
C) Zero value of H
D) None of these

Q.18 Exothermic reaction has
A) Positive value of H
B) Negative value of H
C) Zero value of H
D) None of these

Q.19 The standard state pressure for a reaction is
A) 1bar
B) 1atm
C) 1kPa
D) 1 Pa

Q.20 Heating value of a fuel are
A) Positive and negative
B) Negative and positive
C) Both of them
D) None of them

Q.21 Enthalpy can be stated as a function of
A) Temperature and pressure
B) Temperature and volume
C) Pressure and volume
D) None of these

Q.22 In sensible heat effects there is
A) No pressure change
B) Temperature change
C) No phase change
D) Both B and C

Q.23 Latent heat effect is related with
A) No Phase change
B) Temperature change
C) No pressure change
D) Both B and C

Q.24 Calculate the standard enthalpy of combustion of phenol, C
6
H
5
OH,
at 298.15 K given that, at this temperature, the standard enthalpy of
formation of phenol is -165.0 kJ mol
-1
, of liquid water, H
2
O is -285.8 kJ
mol
-1
and gaseous carbon dioxide, CO
2
, is -393.51 kJ mol
-1
.
A) -2202.9 KJ/mol
B) -514.3 KJ/mol
C) -844.3 KJ/mol
D) -1872.9 KJ/mol

Q.25

Calculate the DH (in kJ) for the reaction
NO (g) + 1/2O
2
(g) NO
2
(g)
given the following information:
1. N
2
(g) + O
2
(g) 2NO (g) DH = +180 kJ
2. 1/2 N
2
(g) + O
2
(g) NO
2
(g) DH = +34 kJ
A) -56 KJ
B) 56 KJ
C) -124 KJ
D)124 KJ

Q.26

Calculate the enthalpy change for the reaction
C
3
H
8
(g) + 5O
2
(g) 3CO
2
(g) + 4H
2
O (l)
given the following heats of formation:

Substance CO
2
(g) H
2
O (l) C
3
H
8
(g)
DH
0
f
(kJ/mol) -393.5 -285.8 -103.8
A) 222 KJ
B) 265 KJ
C) -783 KJ
D) -2219.9 KJ

Q.27 Calculate the enthalpy change, in kJ, of the reaction:
N
2
H
4
(l) + 2H
2
O
2
(l) N
2
(g) + 4H
2
O(l)
using the following data:
1. N
2
H
4
(l) + O
2
(g) N
2
(g) + 2H
2
O(l) DH = -622
kJ
2. H
2
(g) + O
2
(g) H
2
O
2
(l) DH = -188 kJ
3. H
2
(g) + 1/2O
2
(g) H
2
O(l) DH = -286 kJ
A) -720 KJ
B) -1096 KJ
C) -818 KJ
D) -622 KJ

Q.28 Calculate the enthalpy change, in kJ, of the reaction
C
2
H
4
(g) + H
2
(g) C
2
H
6
(g)
using the following combustion data:
1. C
2
H
4
(g) + 3O
2
(g) 2CO
2
(g) + 2H
2
O (l ) DH = -1401 kJ
2. C
2
H
6
(g) + O
2
(g) 2CO
2
(g) + 3H
2
O (l) DH = -1550 kJ
3. 2H
2
(g) + O
2
(g) 2H
2
O (l) DH = -572 kJ
A) -137 KJ
B) -423 KJ
C) -1401 KJ
D) 572 KJ

Q.29 The standard enthalpy of formation of methane would be equal to the
standard enthalpy change for which of the following?
A) CH
4
(g) + 2O
2
(g) CO
2
(g) + 2H
2
O(g)
B) C(s) + 2H
2
(g) CH
4
(g)
C) CH
4
(g) C(g) + 4H(g)
D) CH
4
(s) CH
4
(g)

Q.30 Calculate H in kJ for the reaction:
2 SO
2
(g) + O
2
(g) 2 SO
3
(g)
given:
1. S (s) + O
2
(g) SO
2
(g) H = -297 kJ
2. S (s) + 3/2O
2
(g) SO
3
(g) H = -396 kJ
A) 99 KJ
B) -99 KJ
C) -198 KJ
D) 198 KJ
Q. 14