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Read the article below

SEA AND LAND BREEZES


Read the article below
Sea and land breezes occur in areas where land meets the sea. During the day, the sun
heats the surface of the land and the sea. Water absorbs a lot of the heat, so the air
over the sea is cooler than the air over the land. Warmer air over the land is light,
therefore it rises. This causes the air pressure over the land to be lower than that over
the sea.
Air always moves from an area high pressure to an area of low pressure. Therefore,
during the day the wind blows from the sea towards the land. This wind is called sea
breeze.
Sea breeze can cause the temperature on the shore to drop by ten degrees Celsius in
thirty minutes. Sea breeze in tropical areas are strong. ou can still feel it even if you
are si!ty "ilometres away from the beach. Sea breeze in temperate regions can reach
only about ten "ilometres inland.
At night, land cools faster than water. The air pressure is now higher over the land than
over the sea. So, the wind change direction. This is land breeze. #t is gentler and slower
than sea breeze.
$any people li"e to visit coastal areas to en%oy the freshness of sea breeze which
blows constantly there. &uropeans living in Africa feel unhealthy in the hot tropical
climate. They escape to the coast to get some relief from the heat. They have a
nic"name for sea breeze. They call it ' the doctor '.
SEA AND LAND BREEZES
Numbered the following sentences in the correct sequence in the
space provided.
Sea and land breezes occur in areas where land meets the sea. During the day, the sun
heats the surface of the land and the sea. Water absorbs a lot of the heat, so the air
over the sea is cooler than the air over the land. Warmer air over the land is light,
therefore it rises. This causes the air pressure over the land to be lower than that over
the sea.
Air always moves from an area high pressure to an area of low pressure. Therefore,
during the day the wind blows from the sea towards the land. This wind is called sea
breeze.
Sea breeze can cause the temperature on the shore to drop by ten degrees Celsius in
thirty minutes. Sea breeze in tropical areas are strong. ou can still feel it even if you
are si!ty "ilometres away from the beach. Sea breeze in temperate regions can reach
only about ten "ilometres inland.
At night, land cools faster than water. The air pressure is now higher over the land than
over the sea. So, the wind change direction. This is land breeze. #t is gentler and slower
than sea breeze.
$any people li"e to visit coastal areas to en%oy the freshness of sea breeze which
blows constantly there. &uropeans living in Africa feel unhealthy in the hot tropical
climate. They escape to the coast to get some relief from the heat. They have a
nic"name for sea breeze. They call it ' the doctor '.
a. Air over the land rises.
( )
b .The sun heats the land and sea.
( )
c .Air over the sea moves to the land.
( )
d .Air over the land becomes lighter
( )
e .Air pressure over the land becomes lower than that over the sea
( )
Answer the following questions based on the article
1. The article is mainly about?
2. The main idea in the last paragraph is:
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. !ea bree"e is wea#er in temperate regions because
$. %ou can &eel sea bree"es in tropical areas even si'ty #ilometres inland
because
(. )s land bree"e common in all parts o& the world?
*. +o you thin# ,the doctor ,is a suitable nic#name &or sea bree"e? -ive a
reason &or your answer.
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Write TRUE OR A!"E for the statements below based on the article.
a. .inds are caused by di&&erences in air pressure. ________
b. .ater absorbs more heat than land does. ________
c. .inds move &rom the land to the sea during the day. ________
d. !ea bree"e can lower the temperature by ten degrees /elcius.
________
e. !ea bree"e can reach only ten #ilometres inland
________
ill in the table with word from the article with the following
meanings.
Meaning Word from Article
1.0ot heavy
2. reduction or &all
.land ne't to the sea
Each word in bold refers to another word or phrase in the article. Tic#
$%& the right answers.
1. This causes the air pressure over the land to be lower than that over the
sea. (para.1
2. It is gentler and slower than sea bree"e. (para.$)
3. The escape to coast to get some relie& &rom the heat. (para. ( )
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