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US 20090208210A1

( 19) United Sta tes


( 12) Pa tent Applica tion Publica tion ( 10) Pub. N o. : US 2009/0208210 A1
T r oj er et a l. ( 4 3 ) Pub. D a te: Aug. 20, 2009
( 5 4 ) PASSIVE OPT ICAL N ET WORK REMOT E ( 5 2) US. Cl. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 98/5 8
PROT OCOL T ERMIN AT ION
( 7 6 ) Inv entor s : Elma r T r oj er , Stock h olm ( SE) ; ( 5 7 ) ABST RACT
D a v id H ood, Pa lo Alto, CA ( US)
Cones Ondence Addr es s _ A s y s tem, meth od, a nd node f or ex tending th e r ea ch of a
ERICJSON IN C ' ? ber - ba s ed a cces s netw or k . A Remote Pr otocol T er mina tion
6 3 00 LEGACY D ' RIVE M/s EVR 1_ C_ 11 ( RPT ) is implemented r emotely f r om a centr a l o? ice Optica l
PLAN O T X 7 5 024 ( Us ; Line T er mina tion ( OLT ) . T h e RPT r eceiv es a da ta s igna l
tr a ns mitted by a us er s Optica l N etw or k Unit/T er mina tion
_ ( ON U/T ) ov er a Pa s s iv e Optica l N etWor k ( PON ) utiliz ing a
( 21) Appl' N O" 12/03 2 881 PON pr otocol or Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex ing
. _ ( WD M) _ ba s ed pr otocol, a nd conv er ts th e s igna l to a long
( 22) F lled' F eb 18 2008 r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol. T h e RPT th en tr a ns mits th e da ta
P bl_ _ Cl _ ? _ s igna l to th e centr a l of ? ce OLT utiliz ing th e long- r ea ch tr a ns
lca tlon a s s l ca non por t pr otocol. T h e RPT a ls o per f or ms th is pr otocol conv er
( 5 1) Int, Cl, s ion in th e oppos ite dir ection f or s igna ls tr a ns mitted f r om th e
H 04 B 10/20 ( 2006 . 01) centr a l of ? ce OLT to th e ON U/T .
21&\ 22 ON U/T I a \
25 \ GbE 106 E 23 \ \ h < t Z = < P N
\\ k / I"
24 22b 20 KM I _ \ ON U/T
Pa tent Applica tion Publica tion Aug. 20, 2009 Sh eet 1 0f 5 US 2009/0208210 A1
5 MAX LOGICAL REACH : 6 0 KM > 5
MAX PH YSICAL REACH : 20 KM
5 LOGICAL SPLIT RAT IO: 128 3 11
I 5 / SN I
l \
+ l- ON U I ; I W F H
13 7 4 : - RAN GIN G BASED '
: \ ON U I 0N SYN CH RON OUS
5 3 - F RAMIN G
: _ *5 , - 8KH Z CLOCK
; MAx IMuM D IF F EREN T IAL ; 3 T RAN SPORT
5 BET WEEN T H E F ART H EST 5 0R RECOVERY
I AN D T H E N EAREST - - SURVIVABILIT Y
I ON U F ROM T H E 0LT : 20 KM i USIN G PST BYT ES
E 5 - SECURIT Y BASED
E 1 D N EN CRYPT ION I
i: > 1: > IG. 984 . 8_ F 6 - :
D RD P SPAN @ T RUN K SPAN ;
F IG. 1
( Pr ior Ar t)
_ _ _ - _ . > ~_ ~
218\
22 ON U/T
a l
25 \ 23 \ \ I
C0 0LT GbE mGE ~RPT GPON
OT N , WD M I \ ' < / I:
24 22b 20 KM I I
D N D /I
""" 27 b
Pa tent Applica tion Publica tion Aug. 20, 2009 Sh eet 3 0f 5 US 2009/0208210 A1
( \I
r GPON PH Y IN T ERF ACE
Pa tent Applica tion Publica tion Aug. 20, 2009 Sh eet 5 0f 5 US 2009/0208210 A1
RPT RECEIVES GPON GEM SIGN AL F ROM D N U/T
RPT D ECAPSULAT ES GPON GEM SIGN AL
T O PROD UCE ET H ERN ET F RAMES
5 3 RPT USES LON G REACH ' BACKH AUL CON N ECT ION
T O SEN D SIGN AL T O CO D LT
F IG. 6
7 I\ RPT RECEIVES SIGN AL F ROM CO OLT OVER
LON G REACH BACKH AUL CON N ECT ION
7 2 RPT EN CAPSULAT ES ET H ERN ET F RAMES
T D PROD UCE GPON GEM SIGN AL
7 3 I RPT SEN D S GPON GEM SIGN AL T O ON U/T I
F IG. 7
US 2009/0208210 A1
PASSIVE OPT ICAL N ET WORK REMOT E
PROT OCOL T ERMIN AT ION
CROSS- REF EREN CE T O RELAT ED
APPLICAT ION S
[ 0001] N ot Applica ble
ST AT EMEN T REGARD IN G F ED ERALLY
SPON SORED RESEARCH OR D EVELOPMEN T
[ 0002] N ot Applica ble
REF EREN CE T O SEQUEN CE LIST IN G, A
T ABLE, OR A COMPUT ER PROGRAM LIST IN G
COMPACT D ISC APPEN D IX
[ 0003 ] N ot Applica ble
BACKGROUN D
[ 0004 ] T h e pr es ent inv ention r ela tes to ? ber - optics commu
nica tion netw or k s . Mor e pa r ticula r ly , a nd not by w a y of limi
ta tion, th e pr es ent inv ention is dir ected to a s y s tem, meth od,
a nd node f or ex tending th e r ea ch of a ? ber - ba s ed a cces s
netw or k .
[ 0005 ] T h e f ollow ing a bbr ev ia tions a r e utiliZ ed in th e ba ck
gr ound a nd des cr iption h er ein:
[ 0006 ] 3 R Res h a ping, Rea mplif y ing, Retiming
[ 0007 ] l0GE T en Giga bit Eth er net
[ 0008] APD Av a la nch e Ph oto D iode
[ 0009] BPON Br oa dba nd PON
[ 0010] CD R Clock a nd D a ta Recov er y
[ 0011] D BA D y na mic Ba ndw idth As s ignment
[ 0012] D WD M D ens e Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex
ing
[ 0013 ]
[ 0014 ]
[ 0015 ]
[ 0016 ]
[ 0017 ]
[ 0018]
[ 0019]
[ 0020]
[ 0021]
[ 0022]
[ 0023 ]
[ 0024 ]
[ 0025 ]
[ 0026 ]
[ 0027 ]
[ 0028]
[ 0029]
ED F A Er bium D oped F iber Ampli? er
EPON Eth er net PON
F T T x F iber T o T h e X
GbE Giga bit Eth er net
GEM GPON Enca ps ula tion Meth od
GPON Giga bit PON
GT C GPON T r a ns mis s ion Conv er gence
MAC Media Acces s Contr ol
N GA N ex t Gener a tion Acces s
OD N Optica l D is tr ibution N etw or k
OEO Optica l Electr ica l Optica l
OLT Optica l Line T er mina tion
OMCI ON T Ma na gement Contr ol Inter f a ce
ON T Optica l N etw or k T er mina tion
ON U Optica l N etw or k Unit
OPU Optica l Ch a nnel Pa y loa d Unit
OT N Optica l T r a ns por t N etw or k
[ 003 0] OT U Optica l Ch a nnel T r a ns por t Unit
[ 003 1] PIN PD PIN ph oto diode ( pos itiv e- intr ins ic
nega tiv e)
[ 003 2] PMD Ph y s ica l Media D ependent
[ 003 3 ] p2mp Point- to- Multipoint
[ 003 4 ] p2p Point- to- Point
[ 003 5 ] PON Pa s s iv e Optica l N etw or k
[ 003 6 ] QoS Qua lity of Ser v ice
[ 003 7 ] RN Remote N ode
[ 003 8] RPT Remote Pr otocol T er mina tion
[ 003 9] RST P Ra pid Spa nning T r ee Pr otocol
[ 004 0] SD H Sy nch r onous D igita l H ier a r ch y
[ 004 1] SERD ES Ser ia liZ e- D es er ia liZ e
Aug. 20, 2009
[ 004 2]
[ 004 3 ]
[ 004 4 ]
[ 004 5 ]
[ 004 6 ]
[ 004 7 ]
[ 004 8]
SOA Semiconductor Optica l Ampli? er s
SON ET Sy nch r onous Optica l N etw or k
T D M T ime D iv is ion Multiplex ing
T D MA T ime D iv is ion Multiple Acces s
WD M Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex ing
XAUI X Atta ch ment Unit Inter f a ce pr otocol
XF P Sma ll F or m F a ctor Plugga ble Module
[ 004 9] uT CA Micr o T elecom Computing Ar ch itectur e
[ 005 0] T h er e is a gr ow ing dema nd f or h igh er s peeds ( 100
Mbps per us er ) in a cces s netw or k s to ena ble netw or k oper a
tor s to pr ov ide mor e br oa dba nd s er v ices . T o meet th es e needs ,
th er e is incr ea s ed inter es t in ? ber - ba s ed a cces s tech nologies .
Optica l a cces s netw or k s ca n be s plit into tw o f a milies
depending on w h eth er th e Optica l D is tr ibution N etw or k
( OD N ) conta ins a ctiv e equipment or not. T h e OD N is th e
? ber netw or k betw een a n Optica l Line T er mina tion ( OLT ) a t
th e centr a l o? ice a nd th e Optica l N etw or k Unit or T er mina
tion ( ON U/T ) a t th e cus tomer s pr emis es . Wh en th e OD N is
tota lly pa s s iv e, th e s y s tem is ca lled a Pa s s iv e Optica l N etw or k
( PON ) , w h ich ma inly ex is ts in a Point- to- Multipoint ( p2mp)
a r ch itectur e. Point- to- Point ( p2p) s tr uctur es a r e a ls o a v a il
a ble, f or ex a mple in ? ber - ba s ed Eth er net a r ch itectur es .
[ 005 1] PON s h a v e ga ined gr ea t a ttention in th e la s t f ew
y ea r s due to th eir low cos t ( p2mp implies a ? ber - f r uga l tr ee
topology ) , low ma intena nce ( no r emote pow er ing in th e
F iber - to- th e- H ome ( F T T H ) con? gur a tion) , a nd h igh r elia bil
ity ( h igh mea n time betw een f a ilur es due in la r ge pa r t to
h a v ing no a ctiv e pa r ts ) . A PON es s entia lly pr ov ides a n optica l
tr ee OD N : a s ingle common tr unk ? ber f r om th e centr a l OLT
going to a pa s s iv e pow er s plitter w h er e optica l s igna ls a r e
f or k ed out onto a plur a lity of indiv idua l dr op ? ber s , ea ch of
w h ich goes to a n ON U/ T . T h e pa s s iv e pow er s plitter is us ua lly
pla ced a t a Remote N ode ( RN ) in th e ? eld.
[ 005 2] All ex is ting s y s tems us e a s ingle ? ber f or both th e
ups tr ea m a nd dow ns tr ea m dir ections , w ith ups tr ea m a nd
dow ns tr ea m s igna ls being tr a ns mitted on s epa r a te w a v e
length s . D ow ns tr ea m da ta is br oa dca s t f r om th e OLT to ea ch
ON U/T , a nd ea ch ON U/T pr oces s es th e da ta des tined to it by
ma tch ing th e a ddr es s a t th e pr otocol h ea der . Ups tr ea m tr a ? ic
f r om ea ch of th e ON U/T s to th e OLT mus t be coor dina ted to
a v oid collis ions due to th e s h a r ed media na tur e of th e OD N .
Ups tr ea m da ta is tr a ns mitted in bur s ts a ccor ding to a ba nd
w idth ma p s ent f r om th e OLT , us ing a T ime D iv is ion Multiple
Acces s ( T D MA) pr otocol in w h ich dedica ted tr a ns mis s ion
time s lots a r e gr a nted to ea ch indiv idua l ON U/T . T h e time
s lots a r e th en s y nch r oniZ ed s o th a t tr a ns mis s ion bur s ts f r om
dif f er ent ON U/ T s do not collide a t th e OLT r eceiv er .
[ 005 3 ] T h e OLT , being r es pons ible f or contr olling th e
ups tr ea m ba ndw idth a lloca tion, ca n a ls o utiliZ e D y na mic
Ba ndw idth As s ignment ( D BA) to dy na mica lly r ea lloca te
ba ndw idth a ccor ding to pr ov is ioned pa r a meter s of th e v a r i
ous s er v ices a nd a ccor ding to th e ups tr ea m tr a f ? c of f er ed a t
a ny giv en time a t th e v a r ious ON U/T s . T h e OLT s ends da ta
dow ns tr ea m to a ll ON U/ T s v ia th e OD N us ing T ime D iv is ion
Multiplex ing ( T D M) .
[ 005 4 ] T h er e a r e cur r ently th r ee a lter na tiv e PON imple
menta tion tech nologies : Eth er net PON ( EPON ) , Br oa dba nd
PON ( BPON ) , a nd Giga bit PON ( GPON ) w ith 10 Gbps
ex tens ions in s ta nda r diz a tion. Ch a r a cter is tics of th es e th r ee
PON tech nologies a r e s umma r iz ed in T a ble 1 below . All of
th es e tech nologies s h a r e a common netw or k topology , but
dif f er in th eir tr a ns mis s ion pr otocols a nd per f or ma nce.
US 2009/0208210 A1
T ABLE 1
Ch a r a cter is tics EPON BPON GPON
Sta nda r d IEEE 802. 3 a h IT U- T G. 983 IT U- T G. 984
Pr otocol Eth er net AT M Eth er net
Bit Ra tes ( Mbps ) 124 4 up/ 15 5 up/ 124 4 up/
124 4 dow n 6 22 dow n 24 88 dow n
Spa n ( k m) 10 20 20
N umber of Splits 16 3 2 6 4
[ 005 5 ] As ca nbe s een, GPON a s a s ucces s or of BPON is th e
mos t a dv a nced s y s tem in ter ms of bit r a tes ( 124 4 Mbps up a nd
24 88 Mbps dow n in pr a ctica l s y s tems ) , th e tota l s pa n ( tr unk
plus dr op s pa n) , a nd th e number of us er s ( s plits ) per OLT .
[ 005 6 ] F IG. 1 is a s impli? ed block dia gr a m of a ty pica l
ex is ting GPON s y s tem con? gur a tion 10. T h er e a r e, of cour s e,
optica l los s es in th is pa s s iv e netw or k , w h ich limit th e r ea ch of
th e GPON s y s tem. T h e r ea ch is a ctua lly limited in tw o w a y s .
F ir s t th e tota l r ea ch ( tr unk s pa n f r om th e OLT 11 to th e s plitter
12 plus dr op s pa n f r om th e s plitter 12 to th e f a r th es t ON U 13 )
mus t be les s th a n 6 0 k m in logica l r ea ch , a s deter mined by
r ound- tr ip pr opa ga tion dela y . Second, th e optica l budget lim
its th e ph y s ica l r ea ch to a bout 20 k m, depending on s plit r a tio,
optica l connector iz a tion, a nd th e lik e. T h e r a nging pr ocedur e
a ls o r equir es th e ma x imum dif f er entia l dis ta nce betw een th e
f a r th es t ON U 13 a nd th e nea r es t ON U 14 to be les s th a n 20
k m.
[ 005 7 ] T h er e a r e s ev er a l pr opos ed meth odologies f or
ex tending th e r ea ch a nd/or s plit r a tio of GPON s y s tems . One
s uch meth odology is a bidir ectiona l PON ex tender box pr o
v iding pur e optica l a mpli? ca tion in both th e up s tr ea m a nd th e
dow ns tr ea m dir ections . In a pur e optica l a mpli? er , dif f er
ences in th e s igna l s tr ength s of th e tr a ns mis s ions f r om th e
v a r ious ON Us a r e ca r r ied f or w a r d f r om th e a mpli? er on th e
? ber tr unk going to th e OLT r eceiv er . A s econd meth odology
is a bidir ectiona l PON ex tender box pr ov iding Optica l- to
Electr ica l- to- Optica l ( OEO) conv er s ion, w h er e th e electr ica l
pa r t of th e box r e- times a nd r e- s h a pes th e s igna l. In a n OEO
ex tender , th e optica l s igna l going to th e OLT is r egener a ted by
th e ex tender , a nd th er ef or e h a s a cons ta nt pow er lev el a nd
cons ta nt ph a s e r ega r dles s of th e ph a s e a nd r ela tiv e s igna l
s tr ength s of th e ON Us it is r epea ting. T h e OEO ex tender is
loca ted in th e ? eld ( mid- s pa n ex tender ) , in th e tr unk ? ber ,
ty pica lly a t or nea r th e pow er s plitter loca tion.
SUMMARY
[ 005 8] Oper a tor s need a tota l r ea ch a nd/or a s plit r a tio th a t
ex ceeds th e pr es ent ca pa bilities of PON s y s tems . All of th e
pr opos ed meth odologies f or incr ea s ing th e tota l r ea ch a nd/or
s plit r a tio, h ow ev er , r equir e a n optica l ex tender box in a
r emote node loca tion. T h e us e of a r emote optica l ex tender
box intr oduces a number of ch a llenges r ela ting to pow er ing,
ex tender box ma na gement a nd a la r ming, GPON f r a ming
ch a nges ( long up s tr ea m pr ea mble needed) , tr a ns pa r ency /s up
por t of optica l s uper v is ion, a nd f eeder pr otection s w itch ing.
T h es e is s ues ma y r equir e ch a nges of th e s ta nda r d GPON
s y s tem th a t a r e cos tly a nd ma y dela y deploy ment.
[ 005 9] It w ould be a dv a nta geous to h a v e a s y s tem a nd
meth od th a t ov er comes th e dis a dv a nta ges of th e pr ior a r t by
ex tending th e r ea ch a nd s plit r a tio of a PON w ith out th e us e of
a r emote optica l or OEO ( r egener a tor ) ex tender box . T h e
pr es ent inv ention pr ov ides s uch a s y s tem a nd meth od utiliz
ing a dev ice r ef er r ed to a s a PON Remote Pr otocol T er mina
Aug. 20, 2009
tion ( RPT ) . T h e RPT is loca ted r emotely f r om a cor e netw or k
a cces s node r ef er r ed to h er ein a s th e centr a l of ? ce OLT , but
unlik e optica l ex tender box es , th e RPT ter mina tes PON ( or
WD M) tr a ns mis s ions f r om th e ON U/T s a nd conv er ts th e
tr a ns mis s ions to a long- r ea ch ba ck h a ul tr a ns por t pr otocol f or
tr a ns mis s ion to th e centr a l of ? ce OLT . T h us , in th e contex t of
th e pr es ent inv ention, th e centr a l of ? ce OLT no longer ter mi
na tes th e PON or WD M pr otocol, but mer ely per f or ms a s a n
a cces s node.
[ 006 0] T h e RPT ma y ter mina te a ny ty pe of optica l tr a ns
por t pr otocol utiliz ed on th e dis tr ibution s ide of th e RPT . F or
ex a mple, v a r ious PON pr otocols s uch a s GPON G. 984 . 3 ,
EPON IEEE802. 3 a h ( 1/1G EPON ) , or IEEE802. 3 a v ( 10/1G
XEPON ) ma y be utiliz ed. Additiona lly , WD M- ba s ed pr oto
cols ( a ls o r ef er r ed to a s D ens e Wa v elength D iv is ion Multi
plex ing ( D WD M) ) ma y be utiliz ed. In th e embodiments
des cr ibed h er ein, GPON is utiliz ed a s a n ex a mple due to its
s uper ior ity ov er oth er PON pr otocols in ter ms of bit r a tes ,
tota l s pa n, a nd th e number of us er s ( s plits ) per OLT .
[ 006 1] T h e s ide of th e RPT tow a r d th e ON U/T s is a n
unch a nged GPON , w h ich communica tes w ith th e ON U/T s
us ing, f or ex a mple, s ta nda r d GPON da ta s igna ls s uch a s
IT U- T G. 984 GPON Enca ps ula tion Meth od ( GEM) da ta s ig
na ls . T h us , th e RPT bene? ts f r om ex is ting components , s y s
tems , a nd engineer ing pr a ctices . T h e s ide of th e RPT tow a r d
th e centr a l of ? ce OLT communica tes w ith a long- r ea ch ba ck
h a ul tr a ns por t pr otocol s uch a s GbE, 10GE, th e Sy nch r onous
D igita l H ier a r ch y / Sy nch r onous Optica l N etw or k ( SD H /SO
N ET ) pr otocol, or WD M- ba s ed tr a ns por t tech nologies . T h e
RPT includes a bi- dir ectiona l pr otocol conv er ter . T h is
ex tends th e ph y s ica l r ea ch of th e GPON up to th e limit of th e
ba ck h a ul tr a ns por t pr otocol ( ma ny tens of k m) , a nd a ls o pr o
v ides entr y into netw or k s s uch a s metr o Eth er net r ings , w h ich
pr ov ide impr ov ed r edunda ncy a nd s ur v iv a bility .
[ 006 2] T h us , in one embodiment, th e pr es ent inv ention is
dir ected to a pr otocol ter mina tion node f or ex tending th e
r ea ch of a ? ber - ba s ed a cces s netw or k , w h er ein th e a cces s
netw or k ex tends f r om a cor e netw or k a cces s node to a plu
r a lity of us er ter mina ls , a nd th e pr otocol ter mina tion node is
r emotely loca ted f r om th e a cces s node. T h e pr otocol ter mi
na tion node includes mea ns f or r eceiv ing a da ta s igna l tr a ns
mitted by a us er ter mina l ov er a dis tr ibution por tion of th e
a cces s netw or k utiliz ing a n optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol; mea ns
f or conv er ting th e s igna l f r om th e optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol to
a long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol; a nd mea ns f or tr a ns mitting
th e da ta s igna l to th e a cces s node utiliz ing th e long- r ea ch
tr a ns por t pr otocol. In one embodiment, th e a cces s node is a n
Optica l Line T er mina tion ( OLT ) a t a centr a l of ? ce, a nd th e
dis tr ibution por tion of th e a cces s netw or k is a Pa s s iv e Optica l
N etw or k ( PON ) , w h ich utiliz es a PON pr otocol. In th e oppo
s ite dir ection, th e pr otocol ter mina tion node r eceiv es a da ta
s igna l tr a ns mitted by th e a cces s node utiliz ing th e long- r ea ch
tr a ns por t pr otocol a nd conv er ts th e s igna l to th e optica l tr a ns
por t pr otocol utiliz ed in th e dis tr ibution por tion of th e net
w or k . T h e node th en tr a ns mits th e s igna l to th e us er ter mina l
utiliz ing th e optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol.
[ 006 3 ] In oth er embodiments , th e pr es ent inv ention is
dir ected to a s y s tem a nd meth od f or ex tending th e r ea ch of a
? ber - ba s ed a cces s netw or k . T h e s y s tem includes a cor e net
w or k a cces s node f or tr a ns mitting a nd r eceiv ing da ta s igna ls
utiliz ing a long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol, a nd a pr otocol ter
mina tion node in communica tion w ith th e a cces s node. T h e
pr otocol ter mina tion node is r emotely loca ted f r om th e a cces s
node a nd includes mea ns f or tr a ns mitting a nd r eceiv ing da ta
US 2009/0208210 A1
s igna ls to a nd f r om th e a cces s node utiliz ing th e long- r ea ch
tr a ns por t pr otocol; mea ns f or tr a ns mitting a nd r eceiv ing da ta
s igna ls to a nd f r om a us er ter mina l ov er a dis tr ibution por tion
of th e a cces s netWor k utiliZ ing a n optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol;
a nd mea ns f or conv er ting betWeen th e long- r ea ch tr a ns por t
pr otocol a nd th e optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol utiliZ ed in th e
dis tr ibution por tion of th e a cces s netw or k . T h e conv er ting
mea ns ma y include mea ns f or enca ps ula ting a nd deca ps ula t
ing Eth er net f r a mes .
BRIEF D ESCRIPT ION OF T H E SEVERAL
VIEWS OF T H E D RAWIN G
[ 006 4 ] In th e f olloWing s ection, th e inv ention Will be
des cr ibed With r ef er ence to ex empla r y embodiments illus
tr a ted in th e ? gur es , in Wh ich :
[ 006 5 ] F IG. 1 ( Pr ior Ar t) is a s impli? ed block dia gr a m of a n
ex is ting ? ber - ba s ed a cces s s y s tem;
[ 006 6 ] F IG. 2 is a s impli? ed f unctiona l block dia gr a m of a
? ber - ba s ed a cces s s y s tem a ccor ding to a n embodiment of th e
pr es ent inv ention;
[ 006 7 ] F IG. 3 is a s impli? ed f unctiona l block dia gr a m of a
Remote Pr otocol T er mina tion ( RPT ) unit a ccor ding to a n
embodiment of th e pr es ent inv ention;
[ 006 8] F IG. 4 is a s impli? ed f unctiona l block dia gr a m of
th e GPON T r a ns mis s ion Conv er gence ( GT C) por tion of a n
a cces s boa r d in th e RPT unit a ccor ding to a n embodiment of
th e pr es ent inv ention.
[ 006 9] F IG. 5 is a n illus tr a tiv e dr a Wing of a pr otocol s ta ck
illus tr a ting th e enca ps ula tion a nd deca ps ula tion of Eth er net
f r a mes in th e RPT unit;
[ 007 0] F IG. 6 is a H ow ch a r t illus tr a ting th e s teps of a n
ex empla r y embodiment of th e meth od of th e pr es ent inv en
tion Wh en h a ndling a n ups tr ea m da ta H ow f r om a n ON U/ T to
th e centr a l of ? ce OLT ; a nd
[ 007 1] F IG. 7 is a H ow ch a r t illus tr a ting th e s teps of a n
ex empla r y embodiment of th e meth od of th e pr es ent inv en
tion Wh en h a ndling a doWns tr ea m da ta H ow f r om th e centr a l
of ? ce OLT to a n ON U/T .
D ET AILED D ESCRIPT ION
[ 007 2] T h e PON Remote Pr otocol T er mina tion ( RPT ) of
th e pr es ent inv ention pr ov ides th e a dv a nta ges of a n OEO
ex tender , but does not s imply r epea t bit s tr ea ms th r ough a n
electr ica l r egener a tor cir cuit. Ins tea d, th e RPT ter mina tes th e
PON pr otocol on th e dis tr ibution s ide f a cing th e ON U/ T s , a nd
conv er ts th e PON pr otocol to a long- r ea ch ba ck h a ul tr a ns por t
pr otocol independent of th e PON pr otocol f or th e tr unk link to
th e centr a l of ? ce OLT . Alth ough a ny commer cia lly s ta nda r d
( or pr opr ieta r y ) pr otocol s uita ble f or th e pur pos e ma y be
utiliZ ed With in th e s cope of th e inv ention, th e ex empla r y
embodiment des cr ibed h er ein ma y utiliZ e 2. 5 G GPON , 10 G
GPON , or Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex ing ( WD M) - ba s ed
pr otocols on th e dis tr ibution s ide f a cing th e ON U/T s , a nd
ma y utiliZ e l0GE, GbE, SD H /SON ET , or a WD M- ba s ed
ba ck h a ul pr otocol, f or ex a mple, f or th e tr unk link .
[ 007 3 ] An a dv a nta ge of th e pr es ent inv ention is th a t th e
ON U/ T s a nd th e PON pr otocol doWns tr ea m f r om th e RPT a r e
completely s ta nda r d a nd r equir e no modi? ca tion. Rea ch is
decoupled f r om r ound- tr ip dela y time. Lik eWis e, th e uplink
ca n be s elected f r om a completely s ta nda r d f a mily . Pr otocols ,
tech nology , a nd pr oducts Widely a nd cos t- ef f ectiv ely a v a il
a ble toda y ca n be utiliZ ed Wh eth er th e uplink is l0GE, GbE,
OT N SD H /SON ET , or a WD M- ba s ed ba ck h a ul pr otocol. A
Aug. 20, 2009
number of f ea tur es s uch a s WD M, r ings , r epea ter s , dua l h om
ing pr otection, a nd th e lik e a r e s uppor ta ble on one or both of
th e SD H or GbE tech nologies , With out ch a nging th e f unda
menta l s peci? ca tion of th e GPON a cces s s y s tem.
[ 007 4 ] F IG. 2 is a s impli? ed f unctiona l block dia gr a m of a
? ber - ba s ed a cces s s y s tem 20 a ccor ding to a n embodiment of
th e pr es ent inv ention. In th e up s tr ea m dir ection. ON U/ T s 21a
a nd 21b tr a ns mit GPON GEM s igna ls 22a a nd 22b to th e RPT
23 . T h is a cces s dis ta nce is limited by th e PON pr otocol to a
ma x imum of a ppr ox ima tely 20 k m. T h e RPT deca ps ula tes
th e GPON GEM s igna ls to pr oduce Eth er net f r a mes f or h a n
dling by a n inter na l Eth er net s Witch a nd s ends a s igna l 24 to
a Centr a l O? ice ( CO) OLT 25 utiliZ ing l0GE, GbE, OT N
SD H /SON ET , or a WD M- ba s ed ba ck h a ul pr otocol f or tr a ns
mis s ion. T h is s igni? ca ntly ex tends th e r ea ch of th e s y s tem
bey ond th e ca pa bilities of ex is ting PON a r ch itectur es . As a n
ex a mple, With SF P/XF P- ba s ed long r ea ch options f or GbE
a nd l0GE ( up to 85 k m) , th e inv ention pr ov ides a n incr ea s e in
r ea ch f r om 20 k m ( s ta nda r d GPON r ea ch ) to 105 k m ( s ta n
da r d GPON including ba ck h a ul) . Since GPON s uppor ts 20
k m dif f er entia l r ea ch , in th is ex a mple th e RPT pr ov ides th e
cov er a ge options a s depicted in F IG. 2.
[ 007 5 ] F IG. 3 is a s impli? ed f unctiona l block dia gr a m of
th e RPT 23 a ccor ding to a n embodiment of th e pr es ent inv en
tion. A number of dis tr ibution- s ide por ts 3 1a - 3 1n communi
ca te With ON U/T s ( not s h oWn) . T h e por ts connect to a num
ber of a cces s units 3 2a - 3 2n. Ea ch a cces s unit ma y h a ndle a
dif f er ent a cces s tech nology s uch a s 2. 5 G GPON a cces s , 10 G
PON a cces s , WD M- ba s ed a cces s , a nd th e lik e, or th e a cces s
units ma y a ll h a ndle th e s a me a cces s tech nology . T h e a cces s
units conv er t in both dir ections betWeen Eth er net a nd th e
dis tr ibution pr otocol a s utiliZ ed in th e PON . In th is embodi
ment, th e a cces s units connect f or ex a mple to a n 802. 1Q
Eth er net ba ck pla ne/f a br ic 3 3 us ing th e X Atta ch ment Unit
Inter f a ce ( XAUI) pr otocol a s de? ned by th e IEEE 802. 3 10
GbE s peci? ca tion. T h is pr otocol is us ed both a s a ligh tWeigh t
point- to- point tr a ns mis s ion inter f a ce, a nd a s th e ph y s ica l
la y er f or 10 Giga bit Eth er net pa ck etiZ ed communica tion. T h e
ba ck pla ne/f a br ic per f or ms 802. 1Q s Witch ing, including
VLAN ta gging a nd s tr ipping, link a ggr ega tion, pr otection,
r a pid s pa nning tr ee pr otocol ( RST P) f unctions , a nd th e lik e.
Since tr a ? ic of s ev er a l PON s ca n be concentr a ted With dif
f er ent ov er book ing r a tions toWa r ds th e ba ck h a ul inter f a ces ,
Qua lity of Ser v ice ( QoS) f or th e tr a ? ic ca n be s uppor ted by
th e RT P a s Well.
[ 007 6 ] T h e Eth er net ba ck pla ne/ f a br ic 3 3 us es th e XAUI
pr otocol to connect to a number of netWor k units 3 4 11- 3 4 11.
T h e netWor k units conta in th e MAC a nd ph y s ica l la y er s to
ba ck h a ul th e tr a ? ic utiliZ ing netWor k pr otocols s uch a s l0GE,
OT N SD H /SON ET , WD M- ba s ed ba ck h a ul, pr opr ieta r y
ba ck h a ul, a nd th e lik e. RPT ma na gement h o s t a pplica tions 3 5
ma y be contr olled f r om th e centr a l o? ice OLT 25 .
[ 007 7 ] If l0GE is utiliZ ed, up to f our GPON por ts ca n be
ba ck h a uled With a s ingle l0GE uplink connection. With in th e
RT P, tr a ? ic f r om dif f er ent PON s ca n be concentr a ted to a
ba ck h a ul inter f a ce pr ov iding ty pica l Eth er net QoS f ea tur es .
T h e RPT ma y connect to th e OLT 25 utiliZ ing a 10 GE bla de
in th e OLT . T h e OLT bla de does not h a v e to k noW a ny th ing
a bout th e G984 GPON pr otocol s ince th e RPT h a s a lr ea dy
per f or med th e pr otocol conv er s ion.
[ 007 8] T h e RPT is ca pa ble of per f or ming bur s t r eception
a nd compens a ting f or r a nging a nd dela y s . T h e RPT ca n a ls o
pa ck a nd unpa ck GEM f r a mes , a nd per f or m D BA. N o s Witch
ing, ta gging, or s nooping a r e r equir ed. T h e dis tr ibution s ide of
US 2009/0208210 Al
th e RPT tow a r d th e ON U/T s ma y be a s ta nda r d GPON ( f or
ex a mple) With 28 dB of budget to a lloca te betw een r ea ch a nd
s plitter .
[ 007 9] At th e centr a l o? ice end of th e ba ck h a ul connection,
th e f eeder ter mina tes conceptua lly into th e ba ck pla ne of th e
OLT , Wh er e tr a ? ic ma na gement, element ma na gement, a nd
oth er f ea tur es r es ide. Vendor s Wh o enca ps ula te a ll GEM tr a f
? c in Eth er net f r a mes ca n s imply copy th es e Eth er net f r a mes
to GbE or l0GE uplink s . Vendor s us ing th e SD H GEM ma p
ping ca n pr ef er a bly utiliZ e SD H in th e uplink .
[ 0080] UtiliZ ing eith er GbE or SD H in th e uplink pr ov ides
s ev er a l implementa tion a dv a nta ges :
[ 0081] ( l) Long- r ea ch optics a r e r ea dily a v a ila ble;
[ 0082] ( 2) If s ev er a l uplink s a r e to be multiplex ed onto th e
s a me f eeder , WD M tech nology in tr a ns por t a pplica tions is
a ls o Well- de? ned a nd a v a ila ble;
[ 0083 ] ( 3 ) Pr otection is Well under s tood, pa r ticula r ly in
SD H , a nd is being dev eloped f or oth er Eth er net a pplica tions
v ia link a ggr ega tion or RST P; a nd
[ 0084 ] ( 4 ) Sy nch r oniz a tion is ea s ily a ccomplis h ed With a n
SD H uplink . On th e Eth er net s ide, s y nch r onous Eth er net ma y
be utiliZ ed.
[ 0085 ] If th e ON T Ma na gement Contr ol Inter f a ce ( OMCI)
is utiliZ ed, th e RPT 23 is tr a ns pa r ent, a nd th us to ma na ge th e
ON U/T s 21a , 21b, th e OLT ca n pa ck OMCI ta s k s into Eth
er net f r a mes a nd a ddr es s th em to th e RPT MAC a ddr es s f or
r ela y to th e ON U/T s .
[ 0086 ] F IG. 4 is a s impli? ed f unctiona l block dia gr a m of
th e GPON T r a ns mis s ion Conv er gence ( GT C) por tion of a n
a cces s unit 3 2 in th e RPT 23 a ccor ding to a n embodiment of
th e pr es ent inv ention. T h e a cces s unit ma y be implemented,
f or ex a mple, on a Micr o T elecom Computing Ar ch itectur e
( uT CA) boa r d. T h e f unctiona l block s include a PON inter f a ce
4 1 f or inter f a cing With th e GPON PH Y inter f a ce 4 2, a s y s tem
inter f a ce 4 3 f or inter f a cing With th e XAUI inter f a ce 4 4 lea d
ing to th e Eth er net ba ck pla ne/ f a br ic 3 3 , a nd a CPU inter f a ce
4 5 f or inter f a cing With a h os t pr oces s or 4 6 . In th e ups tr ea m
a nd doWns tr ea m pa th , th er e a r e a GT C f r a ming unit 4 7 a nd a
GPON Enca ps ula tion Meth od ( GEM) f r a ming unit 4 8.
T ogeth er With th e PON inter f a ce a nd th e s y s tem inter f a ce, th e
GT C a nd GEM f r a ming units ter mina te th e PON - s peci? c
G984 . 3 T D M/T D MA pr otocol a s utiliZ ed in th e GPON a nd
deca ps ula te th e s igna l to pr oduce Eth er net f r a mes f or us e in
th e 802. 1Q Eth er net ba ck pla ne/f a br ic 3 3 . Ex empla r y f unc
tions per f or med by ea ch inter f a ce a nd f r a ming unit a r e s h oWn
in mor e deta il in F IG. 4 .
[ 0087 ] F IG. 5 is a n illus tr a tiv e dr a Wing of a pr otocol s ta ck
illus tr a ting th e enca ps ula tion a nd deca ps ula tion of Eth er net
f r a mes in th e RPT unit 23 . As ca n be s een, a ll of th e immedia te
loW- la y er f unctions of th e dis tr ibution netWor k 5 1 ( f or
ex a mple, GPON ) a r e loca liZ ed to a nd betWeen th e RPT 23
a nd th e ON U/T 21. T h e centr a l of ? ce OLT 25 a nd th e con
nection 5 2 betWeen th e RPT a nd th e OLT ( f or ex a mple, a p2p
? ber media tr unk ) a r e independent of th es e f unctions . T h e
r ema ining h igh er lev el a nd ma na gement f unctions a r e mor e
ea s ily s uppor ted f r om a gr ea ter dis ta nce ov er a n a r bitr a r y
inter connection netWor k .
[ 0088] F IG. 6 is a H ow ch a r t illus tr a ting th e s teps of a n
ex empla r y embodiment of th e meth od of th e pr es ent inv en
tion Wh en h a ndling a n ups tr ea m da ta H ow f r om a n ON U/T 21
to th e centr a l of ? ce OLT 25 . At s tep 6 1, th e RPT r eceiv es a
s igna l s uch a s a GPON GEM s igna l f r om a n ON U/T . At s tep
6 2, th e RPT a cces s unit 3 2 deca ps ula tes th e GPON GEM
s igna l to pr oduce Eth er net f r a mes , a nd pr ov ides th e f r a mes to
Aug. 20, 2009
th e 802. 1Q ba ck pla ne/ f a br ic 3 3 . At s tep 6 3 , a netWor k unit 3 4
in th e RPT s ends th e s igna l to th e centr a l of ? ce OLT ov er a
long- r ea ch ba ck h a ul connection.
[ 0089] F IG. 7 is a H ow ch a r t illus tr a ting th e s teps of a n
ex empla r y embodiment of th e meth od of th e pr es ent inv en
tion Wh en h a ndling a doWns tr ea m da ta H ow f r om th e centr a l
o? ice OLT 25 to a n ON U/ T 21 . At s tep 7 1, th e netWor k unit 3 4
in th e RPT r eceiv es a s igna l f r om th e centr a l of ? ce OLT ov er
th e long r ea ch ba ck h a ul connection a nd pr ov ides it to th e
802. 1Q ba ck pla ne/f a br ic 3 3 . T h e ba ck pla ne/f a br ic pr ov ides
th e s igna l to th e a cces s unit 3 2, Wh ich enca ps ula tes th e Eth
er net s igna l into a s igna l s uch a s a GPON GEM s igna l a t s tep
7 2. At s tep 7 3 , th e RPT s ends th e GPON GEM s igna l to th e
ON U/T 21.
[ 0090] T h e pr es ent inv ention gr ea tly s impli? es th e pr oblem
of optica l ex tender box ma na gement a nd a la r ming, Wh ich is
complica ted in pr opos ed pr ior a r t s olutions . In th os e s olutions
With a n optica l ex tender box ins ide th e GPON , OMCI mus t
ma na ge th e box ( i. e. , a s ta nda r ds upda te is neces s a r y ) . In th e
pr es ent inv ention, th e RPT ma y be ma na ged f r om th e centr a l
o? ice OLT v ia th e ba ck h a ul Eth er net link by Wh a tev er ma n
a gement s y s tem pr otocol ( OSS) is utiliZ ed. Additiona lly ,
pr ior a r t s olutions s uf f er f r om pr oblems a s s ocia ted With opti
ca l s uper v is ion v ia optica lly a mpli? ed PON s or r epea ted
PON s due to pr oblems s uppor ting out- ba nd mea s ur ements on
non- GPON Wa v elength a nd th e mor e dif ? cult inter pr eta tion
of mea s ur ement r es ults . With th e RPT of th e pr es ent inv en
tion, th e GPON OD N is unch a nged a nd optica l s uper v is ion
on 28 dB is ea s ily a ch iev ed. T h e inv ention a ls o elimina tes th e
need f or GPON f r a ming ch a nges , a nd ena bles f eeder pr otec
tion s Witch ing to be per f or med.
[ 0091] Oth er Adv a nta ges of th e Inv ention Include:
[ 0092] UtiliZ es s ta nda r d components ;
[ 0093 ] Only minima l h a r dWa r e modi? ca tion to th e OLT
a nd ON U/T s y s tem is neces s a r y ;
[ 0094 ] Pr ov ides long r ea ch ( 100+ k m) ;
[ 0095 ] Pr ov ides dis tr ibution s ide multiplex ing on a s ingle
tr unk ? ber ;
[ 0096 ] D ecouples Rea ch /D ela y ;
[ 0097 ] Pr ov ides a cos t- ef ? cient s olution; a nd
[ 0098] Suppor ts tr unk pr otection.
[ 0099] As Will be r ecogniZ ed by th os e s k illed in th e a r t, th e
innov a tiv e concepts des cr ibed in th e pr es ent a pplica tion ca n
be modi? ed a nd v a r ied ov er a Wide r a nge of a pplica tions .
Accor dingly , th e s cope of pa tented s ubj ect ma tter s h ould not
be limited to a ny of th e s peci? c ex empla r y tea ch ings dis
cus s ed a bov e, but is ins tea d de? ned by th e f olloWing cla ims .
Wh a t is cla imed is :
1. A pr otocol ter mina tion node f or ex tending th e r ea ch of a
? ber - ba s ed a cces s netWor k , Wh er ein th e a cces s netWor k
ex tends f r om a cor e netWor k a cces s node to a plur a lity of us er
ter mina ls , Wh er ein th e pr otocol ter mina tion node is r emotely
loca ted f r om th e a cces s node a nd compr is es :
mea ns f or r eceiv ing a da ta s igna l tr a ns mitted by a us er
ter mina l ov er a dis tr ibution por tion of th e a cces s net
Wor k utiliZ ing a n optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol;
mea ns f or conv er ting th e s igna l f r om th e optica l tr a ns por t
pr otocol to a long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol; a nd
mea ns f or tr a ns mitting th e da ta s igna l to th e a cces s node
utiliZ ing th e long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol.
2. T h e pr otocol ter mina tion node a s r ecited in cla im 1,
Wh er ein th e pr otocol ter mina tion node is a bi- dir ectiona l pr o
tocol ter mina tion node, Wh er ein th e conv er ting mea ns a ls o
includes mea ns f or conv er ting th e long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr o
US 2009/0208210 A1
tocol to th e optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol f or da ta s igna ls tr a ns
mitted f r om th e cor e netw or k a cces s node to th e us er ter mina l.
3 . T h e pr otocol ter mina tion node a s r ecited in cla im 2,
w h er ein th e optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol is s elected f r om a
gr oup cons is ting of :
lT U- T G984 Giga bit PON ( GPON ) ;
l0 Giga bit GPON ;
Eth er net PON ( EPON ) ; a nd
a Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex ing ( WD M) - ba s ed pr oto
col.
4 . T h e pr otocol ter mina tion node a s r ecited in cla im 2,
w h er ein th e long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol is s elected f r om a
gr oup cons is ting of :
10 Giga bit Eth er net ( 10GE) ;
Giga bit Eth er net ( GbE) ;
Sy nch r onous D igita l H ier a r ch y / Sy nch r onous Optica l N et
w or k ( SD H /SON ET ) ; a nd
a Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex ing ( WD M) - ba s ed ba ck
h a ul pr otocol.
5 . T h e pr otocol ter mina tion node a s r ecited in cla im 2,
w h er ein th e da ta s igna l r eceiv ed f r om th e us er ter mina l is a
PON - s peci? c time div is ion multiplex ed ( T D M) s igna l, a nd
th e conv er ting mea ns includes mea ns f or deca ps ula ting Eth
er net f r a mes f r om th e PON - s peci? c T D M s igna l f or tr a ns
mis s ion to th e a cces s node.
6 . T h e pr otocol ter mina tion node a s r ecited in cla im 5 ,
w h er ein th e conv er ting mea ns a ls o includes mea ns f or enca p
s ula ting Eth er net f r a mes into a PON - s peci? c T D M s igna l f or
tr a ns mis s ion to th e us er ter mina l.
7 . T h e pr otocol ter mina tion node a s r ecited in cla im 6 ,
w h er ein th e PON - s peci? c T D M s igna l is a Giga bit Pa s s iv e
Optica l N etw or k Enca ps ula tion Meth od ( GPON GEM) s ig
na l.
8. A meth od of ex tending th e r ea ch of a ? ber - ba s ed a cces s
netw or k th a t ex tends f r om a cor e netw or k a cces s node to a
plur a lity of us er ter mina ls , s a id meth od compr is ing th e s teps
of :
implementing a pr otocol ter mina tion node r emotely f r om
th e cor e netw or k a cces s node;
r eceiv ing a t th e pr otocol ter mina tion node, a da ta s igna l
tr a ns mitted by a us er ter mina l ov er a dis tr ibution por tion
of th e a cces s netw or k utiliZ ing a n optica l tr a ns por t pr o
tocol:
conv er ting th e s igna l f r om th e optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol to
a long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol; a nd
tr a ns mitting th e da ta s igna l to th e a cces s node utiliZ ing th e
long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol.
9. T h e meth od a s r ecited in cla im 8, w h er ein th e optica l
tr a ns por t pr otocol is s elected f r om a gr oup cons is ting of :
lT U- T G984 Giga bit PON ( GPON ) ;
l0 Giga bit GPON ;
Eth er net PON ( EPON ) ; a nd
a Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex ing ( WD M) - ba s ed pr oto
col.
10. T h e meth od a s r ecited in cla im 8, w h er ein th e long
r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol is s elected f r om a gr oup cons is ting
of :
10 Giga bit Eth er net ( 10GE) ;
Giga bit Eth er net ( GbE) ;
Sy nch r onous D igita l H ier a r ch y / Sy nch r onous Optica l N et
w or k ( SD H /SON ET ) ; a nd
a Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex ing ( WD M) - ba s ed ba ck
h a ul pr otocol.
Aug. 20, 2009
11. T h e meth od a s r ecited in cla im 8, w h er ein th e da ta
s igna l r eceiv ed f r om th e us er ter mina l is a PON - s peci? c time
div is ion multiplex ed ( T D M) s igna l, a nd th e s tep of conv er ting
th e s igna l f r om th e optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol to th e long
r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol includes deca ps ula ting Eth er net
f r a mes f r om th e PON - s peci? c T D M s igna l f or tr a ns mis s ion
to th e a cces s node.
12. A meth od of ex tending th e r ea ch of a ? ber - ba s ed a cces s
netw or k th a t ex tends f r om a cor e netw or k a cces s node to a
plur a lity of us er ter mina ls , s a id meth od compr is ing th e s teps
of :
implementing a pr otocol ter mina tion node r emotely f r om
th e cor e netw or k a cces s node;
r eceiv ing a t th e pr otocol ter mina tion node, a da ta s igna l
tr a ns mitted by th e cor e netw or k a cces s node utiliZ ing a
long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol;
conv er ting th e s igna l f r om th e long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr oto
col to a n optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol utiliZ ed in a dis tr ibu
tion por tion of th e a cces s netw or k ; a nd
tr a ns mitting th e da ta s igna l to a n a ddr es s ed us er ter mina l
ov er th e dis tr ibution por tion of th e a cces s netw or k uti
liZ ing th e optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol.
13 . T h e meth od a s r ecited in cla im 12, w h er ein th e optica l
tr a ns por t pr otocol utiliZ ed in th e dis tr ibution por tion of th e
a cces s netw or k is s elected f r om a gr oup cons is ting of :
lT U- T G984 Giga bit PON ( GPON ) ;
l0 Giga bit GPON ;
Eth er net PON ( EPON ) ; a nd
a Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex ing ( WD M) - ba s ed pr oto
col.
14 . T h e meth od a s r ecited in cla im 12, w h er ein th e long
r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol is s elected f r om a gr oup cons is ting
of :
10 Giga bit Eth er net ( l0GE) ;
Giga bit Eth er net ( GbE) ;
Sy nch r onous D igita l H ier a r ch y / Sy nch r onous Optica l N et
w or k ( SD H /SON ET ) ; a nd
a Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex ing ( WD M) - ba s ed ba ck
h a ul pr otocol.
15 . T h e meth od a s r ecited in cla im 12, w h er ein th e con
v er ting s tep includes utiliZ ing th e Giga bit PON ( GPON )
Enca ps ula tion Meth od ( GEM) to enca ps ula te Eth er net
f r a mes into a PON - s peci? c time div is ion multiplex ed ( T D M)
pr otocol.
16 . A s y s tem f or ex tending th e r ea ch of a ? ber - ba s ed a cces s
netw or k , s a id s y s tem compr is ing:
a cor e netw or k a cces s node f or tr a ns mitting a nd r eceiv ing
da ta s igna ls utiliZ ing a long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol;
a nd
a pr otocol ter mina tion node in communica tion w ith th e
a cces s node, w h er ein th e pr otocol ter mina tion node is
r emotely loca ted f r om th e a cces s node a nd compr is es :
mea ns f or tr a ns mitting a nd r eceiv ing da ta s igna ls to a nd
f r om th e a cces s node utiliZ ing th e long- r ea ch tr a ns
por t pr otocol;
mea ns f or tr a ns mitting a nd r eceiv ing da ta s igna ls to a nd
f r om a us er ter mina l ov er a dis tr ibution por tion of th e
a cces s netw or k utiliZ ing a n optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol;
mea ns f or conv er ting da ta s igna ls r eceiv ed f r om th e
a cces s node f r om th e long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol to
US 2009/0208210 Al
th e optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol utiliz ed in th e dis tr ibu
tion por tion of th e a cces s netw or k f or tr a ns mis s ion to
th e us er ter mina l; a nd
mea ns f or conv er ting da ta s igna ls r eceiv ed f r om th e us er
ter mina l f r om th e optica l tr a ns por t pr otocol utiliZ ed in
th e dis tr ibution por tion of th e a cces s netWor k to th e
long- r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol f or tr a ns mis s ion to th e
a cces s node.
17 . T h e s y s tem a s r ecited in cla im 16 , Wh er ein th e optica l
tr a ns por t pr otocol utiliZ ed in th e dis tr ibution por tion of th e
a cces s netWor k is a Pa s s iv e Optica l N etw or k ( PON ) pr otocol
s elected f r om a gr oup cons is ting of :
lT U- T G. 984 Giga bit PON ( GPON ) ;
l0 Giga bit GPON ;
Eth er net PON ( EPON ) ; a nd
a Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex ing ( WD M) - ba s ed pr oto
col.
18. T h e s y s tem a s r ecited in cla im 16 , Wh er ein th e long
r ea ch tr a ns por t pr otocol is s elected f r om a gr oup cons is ting
of :
Aug. 20, 2009
10 Giga bit Eth er net ( IOGE) ;
Giga bit Eth er net ( GbE) ;
Sy nch r onous D igita l H ier a r ch y / Sy nch r onous Optica l N et
Wor k ( SD H /SON ET ) ; a nd
a Wa v elength D iv is ion Multiplex ing ( WD M) - ba s ed ba ck
h a ul pr otocol.
19. T h e s y s tem a s r ecited in cla im 16 , Wh er ein th e mea ns
f or conv er ting da ta s igna ls r eceiv ed f r om th e a cces s node
includes mea ns f or utiliZ ing th e Giga bit PON ( GPON )
Enca ps ula tion Meth od ( GEM) to enca ps ula te Eth er net
f r a mes into a PON - s peci? c time div is ion multiplex ed ( T D M)
pr otocol f or tr a ns mis s ion to th e us er ter mina l.
20. T h e s y s tem a s r ecited in cla im 16 , Wh er ein th e da ta
s igna ls r eceiv ed f r om th e us er ter mina l a r e PON - s peci? c time
div is ion multiplex ed ( T D M) s igna ls , a nd th e mea ns f or con
v er ting da ta s igna ls r eceiv ed f r om th e us er ter mina l includes
mea ns f or deca ps ula ting Eth er net f r a mes f r om th e PON - s pe
ci? c T D M s igna l f or tr a ns mis s ion to th e a cces s node.
* * * * *