Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2

5/14/13 11:05 AM

Moving the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse

By Crystal Morton

5/14/13 11:05 AM Moving the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse By Crystal Morton

1 The Cape Hatteras Lighthouse was built in 1870 to help guide mariners around the turbulent waters of Cape Hatteras, known as the Graveyard of the Atlantic. The lighthouse has become a symbol of North Carolina and is well-known throughout the United States. Over time, erosion (the wearing away of sand, rock, and soil by wind, water, or ice) has caused most of the seashore on which the lighthouse stood to be washed away.

2 Since the 1930s, efforts have been made to protect the lighthouse. In the 1960s and 1970s, beach nourishment, or replacing sand that has been washed away, was attempted. In addition, the Coast Guard built several groins (walls of stone built perpendicular to the shore) to help protect the landmark. In spite of human intervention, Mother Nature had her way, sending powerful hurricanes and pounding nor'easters (winter storms that batter the shore, much like a hurricane) again and again. By the 1980s, the lighthouse was only 120 feet from the Atlantic Ocean.

3 Finally, in 1989 the National Park Service, which operates the lighthouse, began to have discussions about moving the landmark. Many citizens of North Carolina were against the move. Some of the questions and comments were: "How can they possibly do that?" "What if they damage the lighthouse?" "The historical value will be compromised if they move it." Many other North Carolina citizens, however, supported the move. "We can't let it fall into the Atlantic Ocean!" was the answer to many of the questions asked by those against the move.

4 In 1997, Congress approved the money necessary for the move. It would still take some time before things got "rolling." On June 17, 1999, the lighthouse began its journey of 2,900 feet. The trip finally ended on July 19, 1999. Now the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse is a full 1,600 feet from the ocean. The 208-feet tall, 129-year old structure has been saved through the use of modern technology.

Copyright © 2013 edHelper

http://www.edhelperblog.com/cgi-bin/vspec.cgi?FORMMODE=RC49_99_1&QUICK=1

Page 1 of 3

Name

Name Date 5/14/13 11:05 AM Moving the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse 1. How old is the Cape

Date

5/14/13 11:05 AM

Moving the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse

1.

How old is the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse?

2.

Why did the lighthouse need to be moved? Mariners couldn't see it. The National Park Service wanted to become involved. It was too close to the ocean. It didn't need to be moved.

it. The National Park Service wanted to become involved. It was too close to the ocean.
it. The National Park Service wanted to become involved. It was too close to the ocean.
it. The National Park Service wanted to become involved. It was too close to the ocean.
it. The National Park Service wanted to become involved. It was too close to the ocean.

years oldyears old years old 203 129 120

years oldyears old years old 203 129 120

years oldyears old years old 203 129 120

203

129

120

years old208

208

3.

What is a nor'easter?

4.

What attempts at saving the lighthouse were made in the 1960s and 1970s? Beach nourishment to replenish the sand that had been washed away. The construction of groins to change the direction of the water. Moving the lighthouse away from the shore. Both A and B None of the above.

of groins to change the direction of the water. Moving the lighthouse away from the shore.
of groins to change the direction of the water. Moving the lighthouse away from the shore.
of groins to change the direction of the water. Moving the lighthouse away from the shore.
of groins to change the direction of the water. Moving the lighthouse away from the shore.
of groins to change the direction of the water. Moving the lighthouse away from the shore.
A winter storm that is similar to a

A

winter storm that is similar to a

hurricane in rainfall, wind speeds, and erosion.

hurricane in rainfall, wind speeds, and erosion. A winter storm that is similar to a

A

winter storm that is similar to a

tornado, except it causes beach erosion.

A winter storm that only affects

A

winter storm that only affects

North Carolina

A summer storm similar to a

A

summer storm similar to a

hurricane but not as strong.

5.

What were some of the concerns North Carolina citizens had about moving the lighthouse?

6.

How long did it take to move the lighthouse? Two months. Two weeks Three years. Thirty-three days.

6. How long did it take to move the lighthouse? Two months. Two weeks Three years.
6. How long did it take to move the lighthouse? Two months. Two weeks Three years.
6. How long did it take to move the lighthouse? Two months. Two weeks Three years.
6. How long did it take to move the lighthouse? Two months. Two weeks Three years.

"It can't be done."Two months. Two weeks Three years. Thirty-three days. "What if it gets damaged?" "Moving it will

"What if it gets damaged?"years. Thirty-three days. "It can't be done." "Moving it will change the history" All of the

"Moving it will change the history"years. Thirty-three days. "It can't be done." "What if it gets damaged?" All of the above.

All of the above. 

 

http://www.edhelperblog.com/cgi-bin/vspec.cgi?FORMMODE=RC49_99_1&QUICK=1

Page 2 of 3