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St Josephs North Mackay Australian Curriculum: Science

Whole School Scope and Sequence: Prep to Year 7 (ACARA Scope & Sequence, 2011)
Scope and Sequence: Prep to Year 7 - Science Understanding
Prep Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7
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Living things
have basic
needs, including
food and water
Living things
have a variety of
external
features
Living things live
in different
places where
their needs are
met
Living things
grow, change
and have
offspring similar
to themselves
Living things can
be grouped on the
basis of
observable
features and can
be distinguished
from non-living
things
Living things have
life cycles
Living things,
including plants
and animals,
depend on each
other and the
environment to
survive
Living things have
structural features
and adaptations
that help them to
survive in their
environment
The growth and
survival of living
things are affected
by the physical
conditions of their
environment
There are
differences within
and between
groups of
organisms;
classification helps
organise this
diversity
Interactions
between organisms
can be described in
terms of food
chains and food
webs; human
activity can affect
these interactions
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Objects are made
of materials that
have observable
properties
veryday
materials can be
physically
changed in a
variety of ways
!ifferent
materials can
be combined,
including by
mixing, for a
particular
purpose
" change of state
between solid and
li#uid can be
caused by adding
or removing heat
$atural and
processed
materials have a
range of physical
properties; These
properties can
influence their use
%olids, li#uids and
gases have
different
observable
properties and
behave in different
ways
&hanges to
materials can be
reversible, such as
melting, free'ing,
evaporating; or
irreversible, such
as burning and
rusting
(ixtures, including
solutions, contain a
combination of
pure substances
that can be
separated using a
range of
techni#ues
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!aily and
seasonal
changes in our
environment,
including the
weather, affect
everyday life
Observable
changes occur
in the s)y and
landscape
arth*s
resources,
including water,
are used in a
variety of ways
arth*s rotation on
its axis causes
regular changes,
including night
and day
arth*s surface
changes over time
as a result of
natural processes
and human activity
The arth is part of
a system of
planets orbiting
around a star +the
sun,
%udden geological
changes or
extreme weather
conditions can
affect arth*s
surface
-redictable
phenomena on
arth, including
seasons and
eclipses, are
caused by the
relative positions of
the sun, arth and
the moon
%ome of arth*s
resources are
renewable, but
others are non-
renewable
.ater is an
important resource
that cycles through
the environment
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The way objects
move depends on
a variety of
factors, including
their si'e and
shape
Light and sound
are produced by
a range of
sources and can
be sensed
" push or a pull
affects how an
object moves
or changes
shape
/eat can be
produced in many
ways and can
move from one
object to another
0orces can be
exerted by one
object on another
through direct
contact or from a
distance
Light from a source
forms shadows
and can be
absorbed, reflected
and refracted
lectrical circuits
provide a means of
transferring and
transforming
electricity
nergy from a
variety of sources
can be used to
generate electricity
&hange to an
object*s motion is
caused by
unbalanced forces
acting on the object
arth*s gravity pulls
objects towards the
centre of the arth
Scope and Sequence: Prep (Foundations) to Year 7 - Science as a Human Endeavour
Prep Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7
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%cience involves
exploring and
observing the
world using the
senses
%cience involves as)ing
#uestions about, and
describing changes in,
objects and events
%cience involves ma)ing
predictions and describing
patterns and relationships
%cience involves testing predictions
by gathering data and using
evidence to develop explanations of
events and phenomena
Important contributions to the
advancement of science have been
made by people from a range of
cultures
%cientific )nowledge changes as
new evidence becomes available,
and some scientific discoveries
have significantly changed people*s
understanding of the world
%cience )nowledge can develop
through collaboration and
connecting ideas across the
disciplines of science
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-eople use science in
their daily lives, including
when caring for their
environment and living
things
%cience )nowledge helps people
to understand the effect of their
actions
%cientific understandings,
discoveries and inventions are used
to solve problems that directly affect
peoples* lives
%cientific )nowledge is used to
inform personal and community
decisions
%cience and technology contribute
to finding solutions to a range of
contemporary issues; these
solutions may impact on other
areas of society and involve ethical
considerations
%cience understanding influences
the development of practices in
areas of human activity such as
industry, agriculture and marine
and terrestrial resource
management
-eople use understanding and
s)ills from across the disciplines of
science in their occupations
Scope and Sequence: Prep (Foundations) to Year 7 - Science Inquiry Si!!s
Prep Year " Year # Year $ Year % Year & Year ' Year 7
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1espond to
#uestions about
familiar objects and
events
1espond to and pose
#uestions, and ma)e
predictions about familiar
objects and events
.ith guidance, identify #uestions
in familiar contexts that can be
investigated scientifically and
predict what might happen based
on prior )nowledge
.ith guidance, pose #uestions to
clarify practical problems or inform a
scientific investigation, and predict
what the findings of an investigation
might be
Identify #uestions and problems
that can be investigated
scientifically and ma)e
predictions based on scientific
)nowledge
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xplore and ma)e
observations by
using the senses
-articipate in different
types of guided
investigations to explore
and answer #uestions,
such as manipulating
materials, testing ideas,
and accessing information
sources
2se informal
measurements in the
collection and recording of
observations, with the
assistance of digital
technologies as
appropriate
%uggest ways to plan and conduct
investigations to find answers to
#uestions
%afely use appropriate materials,
tools or e#uipment to ma)e and
record observations, using formal
measurements and digital
technologies as appropriate
.ith guidance, select appropriate
investigation methods to answer
#uestions or solve problems
!ecide which variable should be
changed and measured in fair tests
and accurately observe, measure
and record data, using digital
technologies as appropriate
2se e#uipment and materials safely,
identifying potential ris)s
&ollaboratively and individually
plan and conduct a range of
investigation types, including
fieldwor) and experiments,
ensuring safety and ethical
guidelines are followed
In fair tests, measure and control
variables, and select e#uipment
to collect data with accuracy
appropriate to the tas)
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ngage in
discussions about
observations and
use methods such
as drawing to
represent ideas
2se a range of methods
to sort information,
including drawings and
provided tables
Through discussion,
compare observations
with predictions
2se a range of methods including
tables and simple column graphs
to represent data and to identify
patterns and trends
&ompare results with predictions,
suggesting possible reasons for
findings
&onstruct and use a range of
representations, including tables and
graphs, to represent and describe
observations, patterns or
relationships in data using digital
technologies as appropriate
&ompare data with predictions and
use as evidence in developing
explanations
&onstruct and use a range of
representations, including
graphs, )eys and models to
represent and analyse patterns
or relationships, including using
digital technologies as
appropriate
%ummarise data, from students*
own investigations and
secondary sources, and use
scientific understanding to
identify relationships and draw
conclusions
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&ompare observations
with those of others
1eflect on the investigation,
including whether a test was fair or
not
%uggest improvements to the
methods used to investigate a
#uestion or solve a problem
1eflect on the method used to
investigate a #uestion or solve a
problem, including evaluating the
#uality of the data collected, and
identify improvements to the
method
2se scientific )nowledge and
findings from investigations to
evaluate claims
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%hare observations
and ideas
1epresent and
communicate
observations and ideas in
a variety of ways such as
oral and written language,
drawing and role play
1epresent and communicate ideas
and findings in a variety of ways
such as diagrams, physical
representations and simple reports
&ommunicate ideas, explanations
and processes in a variety of ways,
including multi-modal texts
&ommunicate ideas, findings and
solutions to problems using
scientific language and
representations using digital
technologies as appropriate