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EE 2254 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND APPLICATIONS

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING


QUESTION BANK
YEAR / SEM: II / IV
UNIT - I
IC FABRICATION
PART-A ( 2 MARKS)
1. Define an Integrated circuit.
2. What are the basic processes involved in fabricating ICs using planar technology?
3. List out the steps used in the preparation of Si !afers.
". Write the basic che#ical reaction in the epita$ial gro!th process of pure silicon. %he basic
che#ical reaction in the epita$ial gro!th process of pure silicon is the hydrogen reduction of
silicon tetrachloride.
&. What are the t!o i#portant properties of Si'2?
(. )$plain the process of o$idation.
*. What is #eant by #olecular bea# epita$y +,-).?
/. What are the advantages of ,olecular -ea# )pita$y +,-).?
0. What is o$idation induced defects in se#i conductor?
11. What is bird2s bea3?
11. What are isotropic 4 anisotropic etching processes?
12. Define diffusion.
13. What is dielectric isolation?
1". What are the advantages of ion i#plantation techni5ue?
1&. What is #etalli6ation?
PART-B
1. With neat diagra# e$plain the steps involved in the fabrication of the circuit sho!n in figure using
IC technology. +1(.
2. )$plain in detail about #onolithic IC technology. +1(.
3. Write notes on +i. )pita$ial gro!th +ii. ,as3ing 4 )tching 7rocess +1(.
". )$plain ho! a #onolithic capacitor can be fabricated. +1(.
&. )$plain ho! a #onolithic diode can be fabricated +1(.
UNIT-II
EE 2254 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND APPLICATIONS
CHARACTERISTICS OF OP-AMP
PART-A (2 MARKS)
1. What are the advantages of ICs over discrete circuits?
2. What is '78,7?
3. Dra! the pin configuration of IC*"1.
". List out the ideal characteristics of '78,7?
&. What are the different 3inds of pac3ages of IC*"1?
(. What are the assu#ptions #ade fro# ideal op9a#p characteristics?
*. ,ention so#e of the linear applications of op a#ps.
/. ,ention so#e of the non linear applications of op9a#ps.
0. What are the areas of application of non9linear op9 a#p circuits?
11. What happens !hen the co##on ter#inal of :; and :9 sources is not grounded?
11. Define input offset voltage.
12. Define input offset current. State the reasons for the offset currents at the input of the
op9a#p.
13. Define C,<< of an op9a#p.
1". In practical op9a#ps= !hat is the effect of high fre5uency on its perfor#ance?
1&. What is the need for fre5uency co#pensation in practical op9a#ps?
1(. Define sle! rate.
1*. Why IC *"1 is not used for high fre5uency applications?
1/. What causes sle! rate?
10. Define ther#al drift.
21. Define supply voltage re>ection ratio +S:<<.
PART-B
1. )$plain in detail of a basic differential a#plifier. +1(.
2. Dra! the circuit diagra# of op9a#p differentiator= integrator and derive an e$pression for the
output in ter#s of the input. +1(.
3. )$plain in detail about voltage series feedbac3 a#plifier. +1(.
". Derive the gain of inverting and non9inverting. +1(.
&. )$plain and derive the condition for DC9characteristics of an operational a#plifier. +1(.
EE 2254 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND APPLICATIONS
UNIT III
APPLICATIONS OF OP-AMP
PART-A ( 2 MARKS)
1. What is the need for an instru#entation a#plifier?
2. List the features of instru#entation a#plifier?
3. What is a co#parator?
". What are the applications of co#parator?
&. What is a Sch#itt trigger?
(. What is a #ultivibrator?
*. What do you #ean by #onostable #ultivibrator?
/. What is an astable #ultivibrator?
0. What is a bistable #ultivibrator?
11. What are the re5uire#ents for producing sustained feedbac3 circuits?
11. What are the different types of filters?
12. List the broad classification of 8DCs.
13. List out the direct type 8DCs.
1". What is a sa#ple and hold circuit? Where it is used?
1&. Define sa#ple period and hold period.
PART-B
1. )$plain the !or3ing of an instru#entation a#plifier !ith a circuit. @ive its characteristics and
applications +1(.
2. )$plain the !or3ing of any one of sinusoidal oscillators. +1(.
3. )$plain the !or3ing of sch#itt trigger. +1(.
". )$plain the <92< ladder type D8C. +1(.
&. )$plain ho! a co#parator can be used as a 6ero crossing detector. +1(.
(. Dra! the circuit of a first order and second order butter !orth active lo! pass filter and derive
its transfer functions. +1(.
UNIT IV
EE 2254 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND APPLICATIONS
SPECIAL ICS
PART-A ( 2 MARKS)
1. What are the applications of &&& %i#er?
2. List the applications of &&& ti#er in #onostable #ode of operation.
3. List the applications of &&& ti#er in 8stable #ode of operation.
". Define &&& IC?
&. List the basic bloc3s of IC &&& ti#er?
(. List the features of &&& %i#er?
*. Define duty cycle?
/. Define :C'.
0. What do u #ean by 7LL?
11. Define loc3 range.
11. Define capture range.
12. Define pull9in ti#e.
13. List the applications of &(& 7LL.
1". What are the t!o types of analog #ultiplier IC2s?
1&. What is IC8D &33?
1(. List the features of IC8D&33.
PART-B
1. )$plain the functional bloc3 diagra# of &&&ti#er. +1(.
2. )$plain !or3ing of 7LL using appropriate bloc3 diagra# and e$plain any one application of the
sa#e. +1(.
3. Dra! the bloc3 diagra# of an 8stable #ultivibrator using &&&ti#er and derive an
e$pression for its fre5uency of oscillation. +1(.
". Dra! the bloc3 diagra# of #onostable #ultivibrator using &&&ti#er and derive an
e$pression for its fre5uency of oscillation. +1(.
&. !rite short notes on i. capture range ii. Loc3 in range iii. 7ull in ti#e +1(.
UNIT V
APPLICATION ICS
PART-A ( 2 MARKS)
EE 2254 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND APPLICATIONS
1. What is a voltage regulator?
2. @ive the classification of voltage regulators.
3. What is a linear voltage regulator?
". What is a s!itching regulator?
0. Define line regulation.
11. Define load regulation.
11. What is #eant by current li#iting?
12. @ive the dra!bac3s of linear regulators.
13. What is the advantage of s!itching regulators?
1". What is an opto9coupler IC?
1&. What are the types of optocouplers?
1(. @ive t!o e$a#ples of IC optocouplers?
1*. ,ention the advantages of opto9couplers.
10. ,ention the advantages of opto9couplers.
21. What is an isolation a#plifier?
21. What are the features of isolation a#plifier?
22. What is L,3/1?
23. What are the features of ,8*/s"1?
PART-B
1. )$plain i. 'scillation a#plifier. ii. :oltage regulator +1(.
2. Dra! and e$plain the functional bloc3 diagra# of a *23 regulator. +1(.
3. Dra! the bloc3 diagra# of the function generator in IC /13/ +or. any other e5uivalent and e$plain
its operation. +1(.
". Write an e$planatory note on opto9couplers. +1(.
&. )$plain in detail about the L,3/1 po!er a#plifier. +1(.
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