Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 12

# 1. An object moves initially with constant speed and then with constant acceleration.

## Which graph shows this motion?

2. Which statement about mass and weight is correct?
A Mass and weight are both forces.
B Neither mass nor weight is a force.
C Only mass is a force.
D Only weight is a force.

3. Objects with different masses are hung on a spring. The diagram shows how much the
spring stretches.

The extension of the spring is directly proportional to the mass hung on it.
What is the mass of object M?
A 110g B 150g C 200g D 300g

4. A child is standing on the platform of a station, watching the trains.

A train travelling at 30 m / s takes 3 s to pass the child.
What is the length of the train?
A 10m B 30m C 90m D 135m

5. The diagram shows a bird in flight.
In which direction does the weight of the bird act?

6. Which unit is used to measure work?
A joule B kilogram C newton D watt

7. A car travels at various speeds during a short journey.
The table shows the distances travelled and the time taken during each of four stages P, Q, R
and S.
Stage P Q R S
Distance travelled / km
Time taken / minutes
1.8
2
3.6
2
2.7
4
2.7
3

During which two stages is the car travelling at the same speed?
A P and Q B P and S C Q and R D R and S

8. A Brick with flat, rectangular sides rests on a table.

The brick is now turned so that it rests on the table on its smallest face.

How has this affected the force and the pressure exerted by the brick on the table?

Force Pressure
A increased increased
B increased Unchanged
C unchanged Increased
D unchanged Unchanged

9. Which is the best description of the speed of a water wave?
A the distance between one wave crest and the next
B the distance between the crest of a wave and a trough
C the distance that a particle of water moves up and down in one second
D the distance that a wavefront moves along the surface in one second

10. A vertical stick is dipped up and down in water at P.
In two seconds, three wave crests are produced on the surface of the water.

Which statement is correct?
A Distance X is the amplitude of the waves.
B Distance Y is the wavelength of the waves.
C Each circle represents a wavefront.
D The frequency of the waves is 3 Hz.

11. Water waves are reflected at a plane surface.
Which property of the waves is changed by the reflection?
A direction B frequency C speed D wavelength

12. The diagram, which is not to scale, shows the planets Mars and Earth.

Which statement is correct?
A Earth repels Mars but Mars attracts Earth. B Earth attracts Mars but Mars repels Earth.
C Earth and Mars attract each other. D Earth and Mars repel each other.
13. The speed-time graph shown is for a bus travelling between stops.

14. The circuit of a motor racing track is 3 km in length. In a race, a car goes 25 times round the
circuit in 30 minutes. What is the average speed of the car?
A 75km/hour B 90km/hour
C 150 km / hour D 750 km / hour

15. A rubber ball is dropped from a height of 2 metres onto a table.
Whilst in contact with the table, some of its energy is converted into heat energy.
What is the highest possible point the ball could reach after bouncing?

Part B Free Response
Questions 16 -

16. Fig.1.2 shows a speed-time graph for an aeroplane .

Fig 1.2
(a) Calculate the distance covered by the aeroplane in the first 200 seconds.

[2]
(b) The mass of aeroplane C is 120 000 kg. Calculate the kinetic energy of the aeroplane as it
travels at 100 m/s.
Show your working and state the formula that you use.
Formula used:
Working:

.. [2]
17. Fig. 2.1 shows a rock of mass 2 kg that is falling from the top of a cliff into the river below.

(a) Fig. 6.2 is the speed-time graph for the motion of the rock.

(i) State the maximum speed of the rock. . m/s [1]
(ii) Use your answer to (i) to calculate the kinetic energy of the rock as it hits the water.
State the formula that you use and show your working.
Formula used:
Working:

... J [2]

(b) An observer on the top of the cliff measured the time between when he saw the rock hit
the water and when he heard the sound of the splash. This time was 0.25 s. The speed of
sound in air is 330m/s.

Calculate the height of the cliff. State the formula that you use and show your working.
Formula used:

Working:

. [2]
18.

19. The strength of phone cases can be tested by dropping the phones onto different surfaces
from a height of 2 m.

A phone of mass 80 g is dropped onto a concrete path. The case breaks when it hits the
concrete. When an identical mobile phone is dropped onto a soft carpet from the same height,
the case does not break.
(i) State the momentum that each of these phones have AFTER it has landed on the surface.
[1]
(ii) As a phone was about to hit the concrete path, its momentum was 1.2 kg m/s. It took 0.03
seconds to stop.
The force it experienced as it hit is given by the formula:
force = change in momentum / time taken to stop

Calculate this force.

[2]
(iii) The phones that hit the concrete and the soft carpet had the same change in momentum.
Suggest why the phone dropped onto the soft carpet did not break.

...................................................................................... [2]

20. A student is doing an experiment with a spring to which a weight hanger is attached.
This is shown in Fig. 2.1.

A 200 g mass is attached to the weight hanger. When the mass is pulled down and then
released, it oscillates (bounces up and down). This is shown in Fig. 2.2.

. Using a stopclock, the student finds the time in seconds taken for 20 oscillations.
. He records the results in Fig. 2.3.
. He increases the mass to 300 g and finds the new time.
. The student repeats the experiment using 400 g and 500 g masses.