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PIPE SIZE SELECTION BASED ON

PRESSURE DROP IN GAS PIPELINE


Log Z = C - 1.96472 * Log Q Equation derived from Charts
P = M * T . where Z = Flow Coeff. Q = 250 Nm
3
/h
Z * P M = Mol Wt M = 28.016
T = Temp.,
O
K T = 30.00
O
C
P = Abs. Press., Bara P = 9.00 Barg
P =
Press. Drop, m Bar / m L = 500 m
Q = Flow, Nm
3
/h
L =
Length, m
TPD = Total Press. Drop, Bar
Pressure Drop Profile
Pipe Dia
(mm)
Flow Coeff
Z
Q
(Nm
3
/h)
M
Mol Wt
T
(
O
K)
P
(Bara)
P
(mBar/m)
L
(m)
TPD
(Bar)
Selection
15 10.690 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 79.344 500 39.67 Too small
20 31.505 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 26.922 500 13.46 Too small
25 126.440 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 6.708 500 3.35 Too small
32 494.294 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 1.716 500 0.86 OK to use
40 983.525 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.862 500 0.43 OK to use
50 3,043.586 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.279 500 0.14 Too big
65 9,912.553 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.086 500 0.04 Too big
80 22,614.424 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.038 500 0.02 Too big
100 96,224.472 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.009 500 0.00 Too big
125 288,659.289 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.003 500 0.00 Too big
150 640,745.460 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.001 500 0.00 Too big
200 3,274,881.1 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.000 500 0.00 Too big
250 7,915,630.9 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.000 500 0.00 Too big
300 17,798,587.5 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.000 500 0.00 Too big
350 39,250,531.1 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.000 500 0.00 Too big
400 77,693,652.3 250 28.016 303.15 10.013 0.000 500 0.00 Too big
This propriety information is for use within Air Liquide companies only.
PIPE SIZE SELECTION BASED ON
PRESSURE DROP IN GAS PIPELINE
P = 0.00818 * T * M * L * Q
2
where M = Mol Wt
P * d
5.31
T = Temp.,
O
K
P = Abs. Press., Atma
P = Press. Drop, Bar
Q = Flow, Nm
3
/h
L = Length, m
d = Pipe ID, mm
Pressure Drop Profile
Nominal
Dia (mm)
Sch 40 Pipe ID
(mm)
Q
(Nm
3
/h)
M
Mol Wt
L (m)
T
(
O
K)
P
(Bara)
P
(Bar)
TPD
(Bar)
Selection
15 15.80 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 94.85 94.85 Too small
20 20.93 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 21.30 21.30 Too small
25 26.64 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 5.91 5.91 Too small
32 35.05 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 1.38 1.38 OK to use
40 40.89 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.61 0.61 OK to use
50 52.50 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.16 0.16 Too big
65 62.71 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.06 0.06 Too big
80 77.93 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.02 0.02 Too big
100 102.26 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.00 0.00 Too big
125 128.19 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.00 0.00 Too big
150 154.05 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.00 0.00 Too big
200 202.72 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.00 0.00 Too big
250 254.51 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.00 0.00 Too big
300 303.23 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.00 0.00 Too big
350 333.35 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.00 0.00 Too big
400 381.00 250 28 500 303.15 10.013 0.00 0.00 Too big
This propriety information is for use within Air Liquide companies only.
TO DETERMINE GAS VELOCITY IN PIPELINE
V = 1.313 Q T Z
P d
2
where V = Vel., m/s V = 1.59 m / s
T = Temp.,
O
K T = 30
O
C
P = Abs. Press., Bara P = 20 Barg
Q = Flow, Nm
3
/h Q = 2000 Nm
3
/h
d = Pipe ID, mm d = 154 mm
Z = Compressibilty Z = 0.9964
TO DETERMINE VOLUME OF GAS IN PIPELINE
Volume = 214.618 d
2
L P
1
+ P
2
- 2 P
1
P
2
T P
1
+ P
2
P
1
= Pressure at beginning of Pipe; Bara
P
2
= Pressure at end of Pipe; Bara
L = Length; m
d = Pipe ID; m
T = Temp.,
O
K
Volume = 1,684 Nm
3
P
1
= 20 Barg
P
2
= 18 Barg
L = 5000 m
d = 154 mm
T = 30
O
C
This propriety information is for use within Air Liquide companies only.
PRESSURE DROP IN GAS PIPELINE
Equation is derived from Chart and is specific to Pipe Size
Log Z = C - 1.96472 * Log Q
P = M * T . where Z = Flow Coeff. Q = 6,600 Nm
3
/h
Z * P M = Mol Wt M = 28.016
T = Temp.,
O
K T = 30.00
O
C
P =
Abs. Press., Bara
P =
20.00 Barg
P =
Press. Drop, m Bar / m
L =
4,800 m
Q = Flow, Nm
3
/h D =
150 mm
L = Length, m
TP = Total Press. Drop, Bar Constant1= 10.6483
10.6483
4,800 m
A B C D E F
Pressure Profile
Pos Dia Z Q M T P P L TP
A 150 1393.05 6,600 28.016 303.15 21.013 0.29 960.00 0.28
B 150 1393.05 6,600 28.016 303.15 20.734 0.29 960.00 0.28
C 150 1393.05 6,600 28.016 303.15 20.452 0.30 960.00 0.29
D 150 1393.05 6,600 28.016 303.15 20.166 0.30 960.00 0.29
E 150 1393.05 6,600 28.016 303.15 19.876 0.31 960.00 0.29
F 150 1393.05 6,600 28.016 303.15 19.581 Total Pressure Drop = 1.43
Equation is not specific to Pipe Size.
P = 0.00617 * T * M * L * Q
2
where M = Mol Wt
P * d
5.31
T = Temp.,
O
K
P = Abs. Press., Atma
P = Press. Drop, Bar
Q = Flow, Sm
3
/h
L = Length, m
d = Pipe ID, mm
Pressure Profile
Pos Dia Q M L T P P TP
A 154.1 6,963 28.016 960.00 303.15 21.013 0.28 0.28
B 154.1 6,963 28.016 960.00 303.15 20.729 0.29 0.29
C 154.1 6,963 28.016 960.00 303.15 20.440 0.29 0.29
D 154.1 6,963 28.016 960.00 303.15 20.148 0.30 0.30
E 154.1 6,963 28.016 960.00 303.15 19.852 0.30 0.30
F 154.1 6,963 28.016 4800.00 303.15 19.551 Total dP = 1.46
This propriety information is for use within Air Liquide companies only.
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L L Mol Wt = 0 L
D D PLANT D
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This propriety information is for use within Air Liquide companies only.
Q
P #DIV/0!
E8
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SisRef
1500 Q Q Q
16.61 P #DIV/0! P #DIV/0! P
1500 Q L 1500 0 Q L 0 Q
16.73 P D 100.00 #DIV/0! P D #DIV/0! P
L 3200 L 4200
BigRef D 150 Goodwin D 150
Q 3000 Q 4500 Q 1500 Q 6000 Q
P 16.85 P 17.11 P 17.37 P 17.95 P
0 Q L 0 Q L 0 Q
#DIV/0! P D #DIV/0! P D #DIV/0! P
Q Q Q
#DIV/0! P #DIV/0! P #DIV/0! P
W1
W2 W3
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Future
Q 600 Q
#DIV/0! P 17.26 P
L 0 Q L 600 Q L 500
D #DIV/0! P D 17.27 P D 100.00
L 4800 Mol Wt = 28.016 51.88563 L 3500 L
WestWin D 150 PLANT D 150 Genusys D
600 Q 6600 Q 17000 Q 10400 Q 600 Q
18.52 P 19.27 P 20.00 P 18.68 P 17.27 P
L 0 Q L 1750 Q L 800
D #DIV/0! P D 17.00 P D 80.00
Flamman
Q 850 Q
#DIV/0! P 16.72 P
W1
E1
S1
N1
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FarCorner Asok
2000 Q 300 Q
15.65 P 16.71 P
3000 Q L 600 300 Q L 600
16.30 P D 80.00 16.71 P D 80.00
800 L 1400
150 Annihow D 150 Syntex
7450 Q 300 Q 4150 Q 350
17.10 P 16.92 P 16.82 P 16.72
0 Q L 0 Q L
#DIV/0! P D #DIV/0! P D
Q Q
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E2
E3
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