Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4
site VIMERCATE TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS Originator(s) ISA Ethernet M. RICCI Technical description Domain : Division
site
VIMERCATE
TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS
Originator(s)
ISA Ethernet
M. RICCI
Technical description
Domain
:
Division
:
Rubric
:
ALCATEL OPTICS
Transmission Network Division
OMSN Product Management
Type
:
Distribution code
Internal
External
X
ABSTRACT
This document technically describes the architecture and the basic provisioning of the ISA Ethernet plug-in
module for Metro OMSN product family
HISTORY
ED 01 IT 01
2002/03/19
Draft Technical description of Rel.1.
ED
01
-
CONFIDENTIAL
It.01
TND
ISA_Eth_tech_ED_10.doc
1/4
All rights use without
reserved.
Passing
on and of copying
of
this
document,
and communication
its from
content
is not
permitted
written
authorization
Alcatel

is not

Alcatel

this

of

content

its from

on and of copying

authorization

and communication

Passing

written

reserved.

All rights use without

permitted

document,

l l r i g h t s use without permitted document, 1. INDEX 1. INDEX

1.

INDEX

1. INDEX

2

2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

2

3. ARCHITECTURE

3

4. PROVISIONING

4

2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

ISA Ethernet provides 10/100baseT interfaces in Metro OMSN family allowing the interconnection of two LANs in a point to point configuration as in Figure 1. The card acts as a gateway towards the SDH network.

Site to Site Traffic is mapped on dedicated SDH VC Ethernet frame mapped in SDH
Site to Site Traffic is
mapped on dedicated
SDH VC
Ethernet frame
mapped in SDH VC
SDH
Ethernet frame de-
mapped from SDH
VC12, VC3, VC4
Ring/Network
OMSN with
Optical Ethernet ISA
Customer Box:
either LAN Switch or Router
SDH level
The Optical Ethernet ISA
Boards are present only at
each terminating node
Protection
Figure 1 – ISA Ethernet: Network view

The traffic received by the 10baseT or 100baseTX Ethernet interfaces on the ISA Eth card is mapped into VC12, VC3, or VC4 SDH transport structures, more precisely the Ethernet traffic passing through 1 x Ethernet physical interface is mapped into one specific VC-n (n=12, 3, 4). Each Ethernet frame is mapped without modifications into a Generic Framing Procedure frame (GFP – ITU-T G.7041). Such GFP frame is afterwards mapped inside the specific VC-n according to SDH standard protocol stack as represented in Figure 2.

EtEthheerrnnetet GFGFPP SDSDHH
EtEthheerrnnetet
GFGFPP
SDSDHH

Figure 2 - ISA Ethernet: Protocol Stack and Buffering

In fact the Ethernet traffic is transported transparently by the SDH Network and the ISA Eth card inside an OMSN extracts and receives the Ethernet traffic coming from LAN switches or routers without “terminating” the Ethernet frames.

The nominal peak-rate of Ethernet is 10 Mb/s and Fast Ethernet is 100 Mb/s hence mapping of a full-rate Fast Ethernet in VC-4 and full-rate Ethernet in VC-3 does not require any buffering stage.

In order to better take advantage of the available resources and allowing the deployment of standard 10/100baseT interfaces even if no full-rate is required by the end user, the mapping represented in Figure 2, is provided. This mapping introduces the rate-adaptation feature in the traffic flow, while taking into account the bursty profile of the Ethernet traffic.

ED

01

-

CONFIDENTIAL

It.01

TND

ISA_Eth_tech_ED_10.doc

2/4

is not

Alcatel

this

of

content

its from

on and of copying

authorization

and communication

Passing

written

reserved.

All rights use without

permitted

document,

l l r i g h t s use without permitted document, The rate adaptation relies

The rate adaptation relies on the introduction of a buffer (see Figure 3) that acts as a bucket which smoothes the bursty Ethernet traffic. The peak rate that the card is able to adsorb without discarding any Ethernet packet/frame is directly proportional to the bucket “depth”. In practice no discarding can be achieved because the ISA Eth card features the mechanism of traffic flow control specified in IEEE 802.3x. Thanks to this control, when the buffer reaches a fixed threshold a particular frame is generated communicating to the Source (i.e. LAN switch or router) to stop its transmission for a certain time period (specified in this frame). In this way frame discarding is avoided.

Ethernet I/F GFP Ethernet SDH Mapping Elastic Encapsulation Sink Buffer EtEthhee rr nnee tt EtEthhee
Ethernet
I/F
GFP
Ethernet
SDH Mapping
Elastic
Encapsulation
Sink
Buffer
EtEthhee rr nnee tt
EtEthhee rr nnee tt
EtEthhee rr nnee tt

Figure 3 – ISA Ethernet: Rate Adaptation and buffering

3.

ARCHITECTURE

The architecture of the ISA Eth card is represented in Figure 4. ISA Ethernet is made of two cards:

1. Port-card: main card providing 11 Ethernet 10/100BaseTX auto-sensing interfaces

2. Access-card: expands the number of auto-sensing 10/100BaseTX ports of the main card with

14 additional 10/100BaseTX auto-sensing interfaces The Ethernet traffic, specifically mapped in the SDH transport structures, is transmitted from the ISA Ethernet plug-in module toward the SDH matrix through the back-plane (which has 4 STM-1 equivalent throughput), then the SDH matrixes connects each VC-n with the appropriate STM-n port card to the WAN transmission side. The bandwidth associated to each 10/100baseT interface is such that the 25 interfaces within a single slot ISA Ethernet plug-in module, considered all together, cannot transport more than 4 x VC-4 payload equivalent bandwidth.

ED

01

-

CONFIDENTIAL

It.01

TND

ISA_Eth_tech_ED_10.doc

3/4

is not

Alcatel

this

of

content

its from

on and of copying

authorization

and communication

Passing

written

reserved.

All rights use without

permitted

document,

l l r i g h t s use without permitted document, 4. SDSDHH POPORRTT SDSDHH

4.

SDSDHH POPORRTT SDSDHH POPORRTT RX TX STSTMM--NN TX RX SD H VC SDH Xconnection ISA
SDSDHH POPORRTT
SDSDHH POPORRTT
RX
TX
STSTMM--NN
TX
RX
SD
H
VC
SDH
Xconnection
ISA Eth
ISA Eth
ISA Eth
ISA Eth
Access
Access
Access
Access
Module
Module
Module
Module
Backplane
14
14
x I/F
x I/F
bus
SDH MATRIX
SDH MATRIX
14
14
x I/F
x I/F
connections
ISA Eth
ISA Eth
ISA Eth
ISA Eth
Port Module
Port Module
Port Module
Port Module
11
11
x I/F
x I/F
11
11
x I/F
x I/F
STMSTM--NN

Figure 4 – ISA Ethernet: System architecture

PROVISIONING

The operator provisioning main options are:

1. 10bseT interface traffic mapped into:

– 1 x VC-12 or

– 1 x VC-3;

2. 100baseTX interface traffic mapped into:

– 1 x VC-12 or

– 1 x VC-3 –1 x VC-4.

The operator will always have to provision for each 10/100baseT interface:

1. Type of interface (Ethernet or Fast Ethernet)

2. Mapping in SDH resources (see above)

3. Sensing behavior (Manual or Automatic)

a. The Manual sensing implies that the interface types are explicitly manually chosen in terms of rate (10 or 100 Mb/s) by both the LAN switch/router and the OMSN with ISA Eth card installed.

b. The Automatic sensing implies that the interface types (10baseT or 100baseTX) are negotiated with standard auto-sensing procedure by both the LAN switch/router and the OMSN with ISA Eth card installed. Automatic sensing requires the mechanism of auto- sensing to negotiate the parameters between the two interfaces (local: OMSN and remote:

LAN switch/router). These parameters are:

Rate (10/100Mb/s)

Directionality: half-duplex or full duplex. Having ISA Eth Full-duplex interfaces the negotiation will agree always this type of connection. Note that half-duplex interfacing method is unreliable when applied to large-scale geographical networks and therefore results obsolete in these applications.

IEEE 802.3x Flow-Control activation

always considering that the back-panel is able support a maximum throughput of 4 x VC-4.

ED

01

-

CONFIDENTIAL

It.01

TND

ISA_Eth_tech_ED_10.doc

4/4