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PP Black

Polypropylene (PP) - This polyolefn is readily formed by polymerizing propylene with


suitable catalysts, generally aluminum alkyl and titanium tetrachloride.
Polypropylene properties ary according to molecular weight, method of production,
and the copolymers inoled. !enerally polypropylene has demonstrated certain
adantages in improed strength, sti"ness and higher temperature capability oer
polyethylene. Polypropylene has been ery successfully applied to the forming of
fbers due to its good specifc strength which is why it is the single largest use of
polypropylene. Polypropylene also happens to be one of the lightest plastics
aailable with a density of #.$#% g&cm'.
Polypropylene (PP) was discoered in ($%) and grew a strong popularity ery
*uickly. +ecause of e,tensie research, fe main ariations of Polypropylene hae
emerged as- homopolymers, impact (block) copolymers, random copolymers,
rubber modifed blends, and specialty copolymers.
Features
.omopolymers , /ood 0ontact 1cceptable , !ood Process ability , 0opolymer , !ood
2mpact 3esistance , .igh /low , !ood 4ti"ness , .igh 2mpact 3esistance , .igh
4ti"ness, 0hemically 0oupled ,
1utomotie 1pplications, .ousehold !oods, 0ontainers, 4oft plastic 1ppliances, /ilm
0arpet sheet, Packaging, 5lectrical&5lectronic 1pplications, 1utomotie 2nterior
Parts, 2ndustrial 1pplications, and !eneral Purpose
Disadvantages
- 6egraded by 78
- /lammable, but retarded grades aailable
- 1ttacked by chlorinated solents and aromatics
- 6i9cult to bond
- 4eeral metals accelerate o,idatie degrading
- :ow temperature impact strength is poor
Applications
Product Description
This data represents typical values that have been calculated from all products classifed as:
Generic PP Alloy
This information is provided for comparative purposes only.
General
Material Status Commercial: Active
Availability
Physical Nominal Value Unit Test Method
Specifc Gravity 0,892 to 1,06 ASTM D792
Mechanical Nominal Value Unit Test Method
Flexural Modulus (73F) 25500 to 327000 psi ASTM D790
Coefcient of Friction 0,25 to 0,40 ASTM D1894
Films Nominal Value Unit Test Method
Film Thickness - Tested 60 to 200 mil
Secant Modulus ASTM D882
MD 362000 to 435000 psi
TD 304000 to 522000 psi
Tensile Strength ASTM D882
MD : Yield 24700 to 34700 psi
TD : Yield 27400 to 30500 psi
Tensile Elongation ASTM D882
MD : Break 89 to 120 %
TD : Break 80 to 130 %
Seal Strength 0,94 lbf/in ASTM F88
Seal Initiation Temperature 223 to 269 F
Oxygen Permeability (73F) 0,39 to 100 cmmil/100in/atm/24 hr ASTM D3985
Water Vapor Transmission Rate 0,050 to 0,65 g/100 in/24 hr ASTM F1249
Blocking Load 6,0 g ASTM D3354
Optical Nominal Value Unit Test Method
Gloss 95 to 140 ASTM D2457
Haze 1,3 to 2,6 % ASTM D1003
Product Description
This data represents typical values that have been calculated from all products classifed as:
Generic PP Copolymer - Mineral
This information is provided for comparative purposes only.
General
Material Status Commercial: Active
Filler / Reinforcement Mineral
Physical Nominal Value Unit Test Method
Specifc Gravity
-- 0.962 to 2.11 ASTM D792
73F 0.975 to 1.17 g/cm ISO 1183
Melt Mass-Flow Rate (MFR)
230C/2.16 kg 4.7 to 35 g/10 min ASTM D1238
230C/2.16 kg 0.70 to 28 g/10 min ISO 1133
Melt Volume-Flow Rate (MVR) (230C/2.16
kg)
0.284 to 1.12 in/10min ISO 1133
Molding Shrinkage
Flow : 73F 0.0010 to 0.012 in/in ASTM D955
73F 0.81 to 1.2 % ISO 294-4
Water Absorption (73F, 24 hr) 0.020 to 0.050 % ISO 62
Mechanical Nominal Value Unit Test Method
Notes
1
Typical properties: these are not to be construed as specifcations.
Tensile Modulus
73F 145000 to 447000 psi ASTM D638
73F 179000 to 379000 psi ISO 527-2
Tensile Strength
Yield, 73F 1450 to 4450 psi ASTM D638
Yield, 73F 2470 to 3990 psi ISO 527-2
Break, 73F 2470 to 6530 psi ASTM D638
Break, 73F 2100 to 3630 psi ISO 527-2
73F 2450 to 3530 psi ASTM D638
73F 2880 to 4350 psi ISO 527-2
Tensile Elongation
Yield, 73F 3.0 to 5.0 % ASTM D638
Yield, 73F 2.8 to 8.1 % ISO 527-2
Break, 73F 2.3 to 200 % ASTM D638
Break, 73F 2.5 to 100 % ISO 527-2
Flexural Modulus
73F 116000 to 509000 psi ASTM D790
73F 183000 to 365000 psi ISO 178
Flexural Strength
73F 2900 to 7600 psi ASTM D790
73F 2890 to 7320 psi ISO 178
Impact Nominal Value Unit Test Method
Charpy Notched Impact Strength (73F) 1.1 to 12 ftlb/in ISO 179
Charpy Unnotched Impact Strength (73F) 18 to 46 ftlb/in ISO 179
Notched Izod Impact
73F 0.56 to 4.7 ftlb/in ASTM D256
73F 1.8 to 22 ftlb/in ISO 180
Unnotched Izod Impact Strength (73F) 8.6 to 38 ftlb/in ISO 180
Hardness Nominal Value Unit Test Method
Rockwell Hardness
73F 40 to 90 ASTM D785
73F 70 to 76 ISO 2039-2
Shore Hardness (73F) 59 to 71 ISO 868
Ball Indentation Hardness 7250 to 10400 psi ISO 2039-1
Thermal Nominal Value Unit Test Method
Defection Temperature Under Load
66 psi, Unannealed 219 to 308 F ASTM D648
66 psi, Unannealed 162 to 259 F ISO 75-2/B
264 psi, Unannealed 131 to 159 F ASTM D648
264 psi, Unannealed 119 to 150 F ISO 75-2/A
Vicat Softening Temperature
-- 122 to 287 F ASTM D1525
-- 118 to 306 F ISO 306
Melting Temperature (DSC) 329 F ISO 3146
CLTE - Flow
-- 0.000028 to
0.000040
in/in/F ASTM D696
-- 0.000026 to
0.000044
in/in/F ISO 11359-2
Electrical Nominal Value Unit Test Method
Surface Resistivity 7.5E+13 to 1.0E+15 ohm IEC 60093
Volume Resistivity (73F) 1.0E+13 to 1.0E+15 ohmcm IEC 60093
Comparative Tracking Index 595 to 600 V IEC 60112
Flammability Nominal Value Unit Test Method
Glow Wire Flammability Index 1560 to 1760 F IEC 60695-2-
12
Glow Wire Ignition Temperature 1020 to 1390 F IEC 60695-2-
13
Injection Nominal Value Unit
Drying Temperature 176 to 190 F
Drying Time 3.0 hr
Rear Temperature 401 to 410 F
Middle Temperature 408 to 438 F
Front Temperature 408 to 457 F
Processing (Melt) Temp 409 to 473 F
Mold Temperature 104 to 141 F
Injection Pressure 12700 to 14500 psi
Holding Pressure 7610 to 7670 psi
Back Pressure 43.5 to 76.1 psi
Screw Speed 50 to 75 rpm
Clamp Tonnage 3.3 tons/in
Injection Notes
This data represents typical values that have been calculated from all products classifed as:
Generic PP Copolymer - Mineral
This information is provided for comparative purposes only.
Notes
1
Typical properties: these are not to be construed as specifcations.