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MATHEMATICS PRACTICE PROBLEMS

1. The diameter of a sphere is equal to the base diameter of a right circular cone. What percentage of that
diameter must the cones height be so that the volume of both solids is equal? (4/81
a 1!!" b #!!" c $!!" d #%!"
#. & tan' contains 1!! gallons of brine made b( dissolving )! pounds of salt in *ater. +alt *ater containing
one pound of salt per gallon runs in at the rate of t*o gallons per minute. & *ell,stirred mi-ture runs out of
the tan' at the rate of $ gallons per minute. .ind the amount of salt in the tan' in ponds at the end of one
hour. (4/81
a /$.44 b 44./$ c $/.44 d 1#.88
$. & satellite orbits around the earth in an elliptical path *ith eccentricit( of !.) and the semi,minor a-is of
length 1#0!!! miles. 1f the center of the earth is at one of the foci0 find the ma-imum altitude of the
satellite. (4/81
a $)0!!! mi. b 1#0!!! mi c 180!!! mi d #40!!! mi
4. & corner lot of land is $% meters on one street and #% meters on the other street0 the angle bet*een the
t*o lines of the street being 8#
o
#%

. The other t*o lines of the lot are respectivel( perpendicular to the lines
of the streets. What is the *orth of the lot0 in 2h20 if land sells at 2h2 18! per square meter? (4/81
a 1$)0 /$! b #$40 4%! c 1880 #83 d %)0 1#/
%. & parabolic trough is $ meters long0 one foot across the top and one foot deep. .ind the volume of *ater
in the through0 in liters0 if the trough is filled to a depth of ) inches. (1!/81
a 3! b 8/ c /# d ))
). & circular piece of cardboard *ith 1,meter diameter *ill be made into a conical hat0 4! cm high b(
cutting a sector off and 4oining the edges to form a cone. 5etermine the angle0 in degrees0 subtended b( the
sector removed from the piece of cardboard. (1!/81
a 3! b 144 c 1#! d 1%!
/..ind the ma-imum *eight0 in 'g0 of a right circular c(linder that can be cut from a spherical shot
*eighing 1# 'ilograms (4/8#
a 4 b % c ) d /
8. The 67T runs a total distance of 1% 'm. The cost of operating the train per hour is directl( proportional
to the cube of its speed (in 'm/hr and is 2h2 #%! per hr at %! 'ph. 8ther e-penses amount to 2h2 10)8/.%
per hr. .ind the most economical speed of the train in 'ph. (4/8$
a /! b /% c 8% d 3!
3. & hori9ontal right c(lindrical tan' has a diameter of t*o meters and is % meters long. 1f the tan' is filled
*ith fuel oil to a depth of 1.% meters0 find the volume of the oil in the tan'0 in liters. (4/8$
a 1#0 )$% b 30 #%4c 1%0 )8# d )0 33/
1!. The biggest pac'age that can be sent through a certain messengerial firm should have the sum of its girt
and length not e-ceeding 1%! cm. .ind the volume0 in cubic cm. of a rectangular bo- of ma-imum volume
that can be sent through the firm. (4/8$
a #/0 $%! b 140 #4! c $/01%! d $10 #%!
11. & piece of *ire0 14 cm long is cut in t*o0 one part being bent in the shape of an equilateral triangle0 and
the other in the form of a circle. .ind the perimeter of the trainge if the sum of the area of these t*o figures
is to be ma-imum. (1!/8$
a 4.%#/ b %.8#% c 8./#% d 1!./#%
1#. T*o to*ns & and : are situated 1$ and #! miles bac' from a straight river on the ban' of *hich a
pumping station is to be erected to suppl( *ater to both to*ns. &t *hat point on the ban' of the river
should the pumping station be placed so that the least amount of piping ma(be required if the measured
point of the river from & to : respectivel( is #% miles. (4/84
a 3.8% mi b /.#% mi c 1!.)% mi d 1#. #%

1$. & light is placed on the ground 4 ft from a point on the path leading up to a building. The light is #! ft
from the building. & man ) ft tall *al's along the path to*ards the building at the rate of ) fps. ;o* fast is
his shado* on the building shortening *hen he is 8 ft from the building. (4/84
a 8 fps b / fps c ) fps d % fps
14. & pole casts a shado* 1% m long *hen the angle of elevation of the sun is )1
o
. 1f the pole leans 1%
o
from
the vertical directl( to*ards the sun0 *hat is the length of the pole in m? (4/8%
a %4. #$ b 4$.$# c %8.## d )3.$%
1%. & rectangular lot is fenced off along the high*a(. 1f the fence on the high*a( side costs 2h2 18!/m and
on the other sides cost 2h2 1#!/m0 find the area of the largest lot that can be fenced off for a total cost of
2h2 480!!!. (4/8)
a 1)0!!! sq. mi b 40!!! sq. mi. c 80!!! sq. mi d 1#0!!! sq. mi
1). +and is pouring from a spout at the rate of #% cc/sec. 1t forms a cone *hose height is al*a(s 1/$ the
radius of its base. &t *hat rate is the height increasing *hen the cone is %! cm high. (4/8)
a !.!!!$%4 cm/sec b !.!!!1%) cm/sec c .!#%) cm/sec d !.!!118 cm/sec
1/. The perimeter of a small rectangular industrial lot is 14! m and its diagonal is %! m. .ind the area of the
lot in sq0 meter. (1!/88
a #01!! b 10/!! c 3!! d 10#!!
18. & rat fell on a buc'et of a *ater *heel *ith a diameter of )!! cm0 *hich traveled an angle of 13!
!
before it dropped from the buc'et. <alculate the linear distance in centimeter0 that the buc'et carried the rat.
(4/3!
a 1!!% b 33% c /%4 d 1#!!
13. & hori9ontal c(lindrical tan' *ith hemispherical ends is to be filled *ith *ater to a height of /)# mm. 1f
the inside diameter of the c(linder is $)!! mm0 find the volume0 in cubic meters0 the volume of *ater
required. (4/3!
a #.811 b 1.#81 c $./)# d 4.1#$
#!. +olve for the length of the h(potenuse of a right triangle if the lengths of the t*o legs are / m and 1) m
respectivel(. ()/3!
a #$.1 b 1/.4)4 c 1#.#8/ d 11.##
#1. 1f one of the edges of a cube measures 1# cm.0 calculate the surface area0 in sq. cm0 and the volume0 in
cu. cm.0 of the cube. ()/3!
a 8)4 and 1/#8 b 1/#8 and 8)4 c 144 and 1/#8 d 144 and 144
##. & p(ramid *ith a square base has an altitude of #% cm. if the edge of the base is 1% cm0 calculate for the
volume0 in cu cm0 of the p(ramid. ()/3!
a 1/#8 b $/% c 18/% d /%%
#$. 1f a right circular cone has a base radius of $% cm and al altitude of 4% cm0 solve for the total surface
area0 in sq. cm0 and volume0 in cu. cm0 of the cone. ()/3!
a %/0/#/ = 1!011/ b 1%0 ### = %/0 /#/ c 1!0 11/ = 440#!! d 1!0 11/ = %/0 /#/
#4 .1f the volume of a sphere is $4% cu. cm.0 solve for its diameter0 in cm. ()/3!
a 8./ b /.8 c 3.# d 1!.%
#%. 1f the 62> spherical tan' of +hell <ompan( has an inside diameter of 1% meters and it could be safel(
filled to /%" of its total volume0 compute for the volume0 in cu. m0 of 62> that could be safel( stored in
the tan'. (1!/3!
a 10#$% b 104%) c 10$#% d 10 $4%
#). .ind the area of the triangle belo*. ()/3!
a )4 sq. m.
b )! sq. m.
c )/ sq. m.
d )3 sq. m.
#/. .ind the measure of each of the interior angle of a he-agon. ()/3!
a 1$!
!
b 1#%
!
c 1$%
!
d 1#!
!
#8. & man standing on top a 48.% m. building has hori9ontal e(esight 1.% m. from the top of the building.
;e too' t*o depression readings to a building 4ust nearb(0 to the top and to the foot of the building. The
angles of depression are %!
!
and 8!
!
respectivel(. .ind the height of the nearb( building0 in m. The man
stands at the edge of the building and both building lie on the same ground level. (4/31
a $3.%! b $3.43 c 4!.$3 d 43.$3
#3. The semi circle sho*n belo* has a radius of 1% cm. .ind the area of the shaded part. (4/31
a
1/$.4$ cm
#
b
1/).4! cm
#
c
1/%.4% cm
#
d
18!.$4 cm
#
$!. &n oblique triangle has sides a ? ) cm0 b ? 3 cm and angle < ? $#
!
. +olve the other angles of the
triangle. (4/3#
a $3
!
!)

48@A 1!8
!
%$1#@ b 4!
!
!/%!@ A 1!3
!
%41$@
c $8
!
!3%%@A 11!
!
%%14@ d 41
!
!%48@A 1!8
!
%!11@
$1. The 265T has a 18$ m straight vertical to*er. T*o cables support the to*er. The cables are anchored to
a hori9ontall( leveled ground. The vertical lines of anchor points pass directl( through the center base of
the to*er. 1f angles made b( the cables are 44
!
and %8
!
respectivel(0 find the lengths of the cables and the
distance bet*een the anchors of the cables in meters. (4/3#
a 133.%0 #%!.40 and $!%.# b #)$.40 #1%.80 and $!$.3
c $)$.40 #$%.30 and #83.3 d ##$.40 #1%./0 and 4!%./
$#. & 265T to*er and a monument stand on a level plane. The angles of depression of the top and foot of
the monument vie*ed from the top of the to*er 1$
!
and $%
!
respectivel(. The height of the to*er is %! m.
.ind the height0 in m.0 of the monument. (4/3$
a $4.%1% b $$.%1$ c $$.%) d $4.%$%
$$. &n aero lift airplane can fl( at an air speed of $!! mph. 1f there is a *ind blo*ing to*ard the east at %!
mph0 *hat should be the planes compass heading in order for it to have a course of $!
!
? What *ill be the
planes ground speed0 in mph0 if it flies this course? (4/3$
a $#!.8! b $#4.$% c $#1.8) d $#!.8%
$4. The radius of a circle inscribed in a triangle *ith sides of %0 /0 and 1! isB (1!/3$
a 1./44 b 1./4/ c 1.4// d 1.//4
$). The area of a triangle *hose sides are #%0 $3 and 4! is (1!/34
a 48) b 84) c )48 d 4)8
$/. ;o* man( sides has an equiangular pol(gon if each interior angle is 1)%C (1!/34
a $# b 4# c #4 d #8
$8. 1ntegrate (/-$ D 4-# d- (1!/34
a (/-$/$ D (4-#/# D c b (//4-4 D (4/%-# D c
c (//4 -4 D (4/$ -$ D c c none of the above
$3. +implif(B bm/n (!4/3%
a nEbm b bmDn c b/n d 1/nEbm
4!. 6og n E- ? log (- 1/n (!4/3%
a log (n- b log (-n c log (- / n d n log (-
41. The integral of F cos - d- *ith respect to - (!4/3%
a G sin - D c b sin - D c c cos - D c d G cos - D c
4#. What is the base of an isosceles triangle *hose sides are 1.$ units in length and *hose height is 1 unit?
(!4/3%
a # b 44 c 1.3$ d 1.))
4$. What is the curve generated b( a point rotating about its a-is *hile travelling at constant speed parallel
to its a-is. (!4/3%
a heli- b c(cloid c spiral of &rchimedes d h(poc(cloid
44. +implif(ing the e-pression sec H G (sec H (sin# H *ill give the value of equal toB (!4/3%
a cos# H b cos H c sin# H d sin H
4%. +implif(B cos# H (1 D tan# H (!4/3%
a tan #H b 1 c sin # H d cos #H
4). >iven a triangle *ith angle c ? #8./I0 side a ? 1$# units and side b ? ##4 units. +olve for the angle :.
(!4/3%
a : ? 1$!C b : ? 11!I c : ? 1#!I d : ? 3!
o
4/. 1f a simple constant0 *hat is the derivative of ( ? -
a
? (1!/3%
a (a,1 - b a- c - d a -
a,1

48. The logarithm of 1 to an( base is (1!/3%
a 1ndeterminate b one c infinit( d 9ero
43. What is the value of (!.!!1#/$ ? (1!/3%
a antilog J#/$ log !.!!1K b antilog Jlog (!.!!1/(#/$K
c #/$ antilog J$/# log !.!!1K d antilog J$/# log !.!!1K
%!. Laperian logarithms have a base closest to *hich number? (1!/3%
a 1%$ b 1)# c #./# d 1!
%1. (n E bn is equal toB (1!/3%
a b b b1/n c 1/n b1/n d b#n

%#. The distance a bod( travels is a function of time and is given b( - (t ? 18t D 3t
#
. .ind its velocit( at t ?
#. (1!/3%
a $) b %4 c #4 d #!
%$. 6og of the nth root of - equals log of - to the 1/n po*er and also equal toB (!4/3)
a log (-/n b n log(- c log ( - to the 1/n po*er / n d (n,1log (-
%%. What is the solution of the first order differential equation ( (' D 1 ? ((' D %? (!4/3)
a ( (' ? 4 G %/' b ( (' ? #! D %/'
c ( (' ? < G ' d The solution is non,e-istence for real value of (
*here < is a constant
%). .ind the slope of the tangent to a parabola0 ( ? -# at a point on the curve *here - ? M. (!4/3)
a ! b 1 c N d G M
%/. What are the e-act values of the cosine and tangent trigonometric functions of acute angle &0 given sin
& ? $//? (!4/3)
a cos & ? //#E1! A tan & ? #E1!/$ b cos & ? #E1!// A tan & ? $E1!/#!
c cos & ? #E1!// A tan & ? //#E1! d cos & ? #E1!/$ A tan &? /E1!/#!

%8. What is the natural log of e to the -( po*er? (!4/3)
a 1/-( b #./81/-( c -( d #./18 -(
%3. 1ntegral of sin - d-B (!4/3)
a sec - D c b G cos - D c c cos - D c d csc - D c
)!. +implif( the equation sin# H (1 D cot# H *ill give the value equal toB (!4/3)
a 1 b sin# H c sin# H sec# H d cos# H
)1. +implif( the e-pression 6im -# , 1) /- G 4 A - O 4 (!4/3)
a 1 b 8 c ! d 1)
)#. The area of a circle is 83.4# sq.in. What is the circumference? (!4/3)
a $%.$$ in. b $#.#% in. c $$.%# in. d $%.%% in.
)$. The intercept form for algebraic straight equation isB (!4/3)
a a/- D (/b ? 1 b ( ? m- D b c &- D :( D < ? ! d -/a D (/b ? 1
)4. 5etermine the equation of the line tangent to the graph ( ? #-# D 10 at the point (10 $. (!4/3)
a ( ? 4- D 1 b ( ? 4- G 1 c ( ? #- G 1 d ( ? #- D 1
)%. 1f a is a simple constant0 *hat is the derivative of ( ? -
a
? (!4/3)
a a -
a,1
b (a,1- c -a,1 d a-
)). .ind the slope of the line ( G - ? % (!4/3)
a 1 b % D - c G M d N
)/. 1f - to the P po*er equals 80 8 equalsB (!4/3)
a ,3 b ) c 3 d 1)
)8. .ind the derivative of the function #-# D 8- D 3 *ith respect to -. (!4/3)
a5f (- ? 4- G 8 b 5f (- ? #- D 3 c 5f (- ? #- D 8 c 5f (- ? 4- D 8
)3. .ind the slope of the line tangent to the curve ( ? -$ , #- D 1 at - ? 1(!4/3).
a 1 b M c 1/$ d N
/!. The area of a regular he-agon inscribed a circle radius is 1B (1!/3)
a #.)38 b #.%38 c $.)38 d $.%38
/1. What is the length of the line *ith slope 4/$ from a point ()0 4 to the (,a-is? (1!/3)
a #% b /% c 1! d %!
/#. What is the cosine of 1#!I? (1!/3)
a !.%!! b G !.%!! c ,!.4%! d !.8))
/$. .ind the partial derivative of 4-
#
G $-( *ith respect to -. (1!/3)
a )- D $( b 8- , )( c 1#- D 4( d 8- G $(
/4. What is the appropriate total area bounded b( ( ? sin - and ( ? ! over the interval ! Q - Q #R (- is in
radius. (1!/3)
a R/# b # c 4 d !
/%. What are the - and ( coordinates of the focus of the conic section described b( the follo*ing equation?
(&ngle H corresponds to a right triangle *ith ad4acent side -0 opposite side ( and h(potenuse r. r sin sin# H
? cos H. (1!/3)
a (1/40 ! b (!0 R/# c (!0 ! d (,1/#0 !
/). The equation -# D (# , 4- D #( G #! ? ! describes (1!/3)
a a circle of radius % centered at the origin b &n ellipse centered at (#0 ,1
c & sphere center at the origin d & circle radius % centered at (#0 ,1
//. The first derivative of 'inetic energ( *ith respect to time isB (1!/3)
a 2o*er b Wor' c Somentum d .orce
/8. 7esolve - D #/-
#
G /- D 1# into a partial fractionsB (1!/3)
a ()/- G 4 G (%/- G $ b (4/- G 4 D ($/- G $
c (%/- G 4 G ($/- G $ d ()/- G 4 D (4/- G $
/3. Which value is equal to log to the base e of e to the ,/- po*er? (1!/3)
a ,/- b 1! to the ,/- po*er c / d ,/ log to the base 1!
8!. What conic section is described b( the follo*ing equation? 4-# G (# D 8- D 4( ? 1% (1!/3)
a 2arabola b ellipse c h(perbola d circle
81. 7esolve ($-# G 8- D 3/(- G #
$
into partial fractionsB (1!/3)
a $ (- D # G 4/(- D ## D %/(- G $
$
b $/(- G # D 4/(- G ## D %/(- G #
$
c $/(- D # G 4/(- G ## D %/(- G #
$
d $/(- G # D 4/(- D ## D %/(- G #
$
8#. &ngles are measured from the positive hori9ontal a-is0 and the positive direction is counter cloc'*ise.
What are the values of sin : and cos : in the 4th quadrant? (1!/3)
a sin : T ! and cos : Q ! b sin : Q ! and cos : Q !
c sin : T ! and cos : T ! d sin : Q ! and cos : T !
8$. What is the slope of the graph ( ? ,-
#
at - ? #? (1!/3)
a $ b ,4 c ,# d 4
84. >iven cos #& ? # cos# & G 1. .ind cos /%I. (1!/3)
a !.#%3 b !.$)8 c !.#48 d !.$%3
8%. 1f ( ? cos -0 *hat is d(/d-? (!4/3/
a sec - b Gsec - c sin - d Gsin -
8). What is the radius of a sphere *hose radius is at the origin and circumference passes through the point
8010)? (4/3/
a 11 b 3 c 1!.!% d 1!.%
8/. What e-pression is equivalent toB log (- G log (( D 9? (4/3/
a log - D log ( D log 9 b log -/((D9 c log - G log ( G log 9 d log ( D log (- D 9
88. What is the first derivative0 (0 of the e-pression (-(
-
? e. (4/3/
a (,(/-#(1, ln -( b (,(/-(1Dln -( c ! d -/(
83. &n observer *ishes to determine the height of a to*er. ;e ta'es sights to the top of the to*er from
points & and : at the ground0 *hich are %! ft apart0 at the same elevation on a direct line to the to*er. The
vertical angles at points & and : are $!! and 4!! respectivel(. What is the height of the to*er? (4/3/
a 8%.)! ft b 14$.3/ ft c 11!.#3 ft d 3#.%4 ft
3!. The general equation of a conic section is given b( the follo*ing equationB
&-# D :-( D <(# D 5- D U( D . ? !. & curve ma( be identified as an ellipse b( *hich of the follo*ing
conditions? (1!/3/
a :# G 4&< Q ! b :# G 4&< ? ! c :# G 4&< T ! d :# G 4&< ? 1
31. .ind the derivative of -
$
G %- D # at - ? #. (1!/3/
a % b / c ) d 8
3#. What t(pe of curve is generated b( a point *hich moves in uniform circular motion about an a-is0 *hile
travelling *ith a constant speed parallel to the a-is. ( 1!/3/
a c(cloid b heli- c epic(cloids d spiral of &rchimedes
3$. .ind the second derivative of -
$
G %-
#
D !. (1!/3/
a 1!- G % b )- G 1! c $- D 1! d $-
#
,%-
34. .ind the value of sin #H. (1!/3/
a. # sin H cos H b sin H cos H c cos#H G sin#H d #sin# H cos H
3%. 1f log1#- ? #0 find the value of -. (1!/3/
a 144 b 414 c %#4 d 4#%
3). & function is given as (
#
D ( D -
#
,#- ? %. What value of - ma-imises (? (1!/3/
a $ b 1 c 1! d #
3/. <ompute the limitB lim V(- D#/(-,#W
- O (1!/3/
a ! b 1 c # d infinite
38. Uvaluate the integral of cos - d- *ith limits X /4 to X/#. (1!/3/
a !.$#3 b !.#3$ c !.3#$ d !.#$3
33. >iven triangle &:< in *hich & ? $!I$!0 : ? 1!!m and < ? #!!m. .ind the length of side a. (1!/3/
a 1#4.)4 m. b 14#.4) m. c 1)4.#4 m. d 14).4# m
1!!. What is the area bounded b( the curve ( ? -
$
0 the - Ga-is0 and the line - ? ,#0 and - ? 1. (1!/3/
a 4.#% b %.#4 c #.4% d 4.%#
1!1. $8.% to the - po*er ? ).% to the - G # po*er0 solve for - using logarithms. (!4/38
a #./! b ,#.1! c #.1! d #.!#
1!#. What is the sine of 8#!I? (!4/38
a !.384 b !.8)) c G 8.8)) d G !.%!!
1!$. .ind the derivatives *ith respect to - of the function E(# G $-#. (!4/38
a G #-#/E(# G $-# b , $-/E(# G $-# c ,$-/E(# D $-# d $-/E(# G $-#
1!4. The distance of a bod( travels is a function of time and is given b( -(t ? 1)t D 8t#.. .ind its velocit(
at t ? $. (!4/38
a )4 b %4 c %) d 44
1!%. What is the area bet*een ( ? !0 ( ? $-#0 - ? ! and - ? #? (!4/38
a 8 b #4 c 1# d )
1!). & bo- is to made from a piece of 9inc plate #! sq. in. b( cutting equal square from each corner and
turning up the plate to form the sides. What is the volume of the largest bo- that can be constructed? (4/38
a %33.3% cu in b %3#.%3 cu in c %/3.%! cu in d )##.43 cu in
1!/. & square has a perimeter of )4 in. 1f the area of a circle is equal to that of the circle0 *hat is the
circumference of the circle?
a #4.4% in b %)./# in c 8).% in d %1.#$ in
1!8. .ind the length of the side of a regular octagon inscribed in a circle *ith radius 4 in.
a 1.% in b %./% in c $.!) in d /.## in
1!3. & trape9oid has a bottom base of 1! in and top base of ) in. 1f the height is % in.0 find its area.
a 4! sq. in b 4% sq. in. c $! sq. in. d $% sq in.
11!. What is the radius of a circle inscribed in a triangle *hose sides are ).3 and 1$ in.?
a 1.!/4 in. b 1.#44 in. c 1.)3 in. d 1.4/8
111. .ind the area of a pentagon having a perimeter of %! in.
a 1)# sq in. b 1/# sq. in. c 18# sq. in. d 1%# sq. in
11#. .ind the number of diagonals in a nonagon.
a #% b #$ c #3 d #/
11$. 1f the number of diagonals in pol(gon is 30 *hat pol(gon is this?
a 2entagon b ;e-agon c 8ctagon d Lonagon
114. T*o trains travel from the same point0 one *ent *est at the rate of 1! 'ph0 *hile the other traveled at
L 1!
!
U at #! 'ph. &fter $ hours0 find the distance0 in 'm0 bet*een the t*o cars.
a #$.4% b 4%.$4 c )$.4% d /1.%3
11%. & car travels $) 'ph due east and another car from the same point at L $!
!
U at the rate of /# 'ph.
&fter # hrs0 the distance bet*een the t*o cars isB
a 11)./8 'm b 1#4./1 'm c 1$4.)% 'm d 1#!.)% 'm
11). .ind the measure of the t*o interior angles0 in degrees0 of a regular decagon.
a 11! b 1#$ c 144 d 1%)
11/. & circle has an area of 1!! sq in0 find its circumference0 in inches.
a )%.$4 b 4#.$4 c #$.## d $%.44
118. .ind the ma-imum length0 in cm.0 of the side of a square that can be cut from a circle *hose radius is
1! cm.
a 14.1 b 1).#$ c /.!/ d 3.#$