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Preliminary

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

- designed for personal taste of

stereo audio system

- diy Assembly of equalizer, tone

No.18

DIY Issue No. Eighteen

DIY Issue No. Eighteen

control, power amplifier &

protection Modules

- learning mcu programming

- control via I2C protocol / TTL

- systems integration & testing

- product development

digital power amplifier module

DDDDDiiiiiYYYYY

and

Electronics Project

Heart Systems

Learning

EAF 2

Easy, Affordable

Fast & Fun

Improvement

http://www.1diycentre.com

The DR100W conCEPT

Power Amplifier Module

Welcome to DR100W conCEPT - the Power Amplifier Module. Issue No. sev- enteen is a continuation of isse 15 and 16, dealing with the power amplifier - I should say, the “digital” power amplifier module.

Before that, in case you have not heard about DR100W conCEPT --- what is it,

well, DR100W

conCEPT is conceived basically for Learning analog and digital audio, power amplifier hardware design, systems ar- chitecture and design and MCU firmware programming.

you may ask

Nahhh!!! Not those power amplifier you have seen, the DR100W conCEPT is a diy (do-it-yourself) and fully bundled with:

LCD display:

you can display your name, your girlfriend name or the name of special someone on

the

name “there - on the LCD”.

20x4 LCD, its nice to see someone

preset Equalizer/Tone Control:

which adds quality to your listening plea- sure with the Turbo Bass - sometimes it is called Bass Boost, blended with +/- 14 dB of Bass and Treble. It has a 3D sound also that makes the stereophonic emphasis even with a close speaker distance. The effect in some “real stereo music” makes the sound revolving as perceived by our ear.

digital Class D :

it is blended with high efficiency digital Power Amplifier with all the protection needed for your Speakers.

In this issue diy issue 18, we will dis- cuss the Power Amplifier Module - we simply called it - - - - DR100W_PA.

Music Source Power Source Control Module EQ DR100W
Music Source Power Source Control Module EQ DR100W
Music Source Power Source Control Module EQ DR100W
Music Source Power Source Control Module EQ DR100W
Music Source Power Source Control Module EQ DR100W
Music Source Power Source Control Module EQ DR100W
Music Source Power Source Control Module EQ DR100W
Music Source
Power Source
Control Module
EQ
DR100W

Figure 1 : The DR100W digital Power amplifier of DR100W conCEPT

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

DR100W conCEPT

Building Block

In DIY Issue 15, it discussed the DR100W conCEPT block diagram. Please check the DIY Learning & Improvement issue 15.

In this issue, DIY Learning & Improvement issue 18, we will discussed mainly the digital power am- plifier along with the Protection Module, see the shaded block in green of Figure 3 and Figure 4.

To connect the idea of the DR100W conCEPT, you need to read also DIY Learning & Improvement is- sue 16 which discussed the Equalizer and digital tone control - the module that will drive the DR100W power amplifier, that module is called DR100W_EQ.

digital power amplifier module

What’s that called

Class “D”

In learing political science, there is this course

called “AB political science”. In Amplfier, there is

also called Class AB - simply, the combination of

class A and B - a compromised performance for a Hi-Fi (High Fidelity) music. In class A, the ampli- fier is in full conduction and consumed much power, it is the best performance in terms of distortion (high- est music fidelity). In class B, the amplifier is off conduction and will conduct only when there is a sufficient audio input signal, making less power consuption but notorious in distortion (lowest mu- sic fidelity).

To compromise between usage of power and mu

Music Source Tonal Block Power Amplifier Protection Speakers Module ipod DR100W_PM Protection Module Mobile
Music Source
Tonal Block
Power Amplifier
Protection
Speakers
Module
ipod
DR100W_PM
Protection
Module
Mobile
DR100w_EQ
Left
DR100W_PA
&
Right
Class D
Left
Power Control
Speaker
Equalizer & Tone
Control
Right
Power
Amplifier
Right
MP3/MP4
Left Speaker
Tweeter
Mid-
Range
STB
digital Bass & Treble
digital Gain
digital Equalizer
Rock, Pop, Classic, Jazz &
flat
digital Turbo Bass
digital 3D Sound
Woofer
Remote Control
Control Module
LCD, keyboard, Home Automation

Figure 3 :

THE DR10W conCEPT simplified Diagram

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

digital power amplifier module

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

Stereo

Input

Left

Right

Preset

 

EQUALIZER

Left

 
 

Digital

Right

 

VOLUME

MCU INTERFACE

I2C DR100W_EQ

I2C

DR100W_EQ

  VOLUME MCU INTERFACE I2C DR100W_EQ Left Right SPKR Offset Power RELAY Voltage &
  VOLUME MCU INTERFACE I2C DR100W_EQ Left Right SPKR Offset Power RELAY Voltage &
Left Right SPKR Offset Power RELAY Voltage & Standby Detection POWER Left Left AMPLIFIER Right
Left
Right
SPKR Offset
Power RELAY
Voltage &
Standby
Detection
POWER
Left
Left
AMPLIFIER
Right
SPEAKER
Right
Right
Left
MUTE &
MCU
STANDBY
INTERFACE
DR100W_PM

DR100W_PA

MUTE & MCU STANDBY INTERFACE DR100W_PM DR100W_PA SPK1 SPK2 I2C & Logic Level DR100W_PM MCU INTERFACE
SPK1
SPK1

SPK2

MCU STANDBY INTERFACE DR100W_PM DR100W_PA SPK1 SPK2 I2C & Logic Level DR100W_PM MCU INTERFACE 20 x

I2C & Logic Level

DR100W_PM MCU INTERFACE 20 x 4 LCD INTERFACE KEYs 8051 / AVR core MCU EEPROM
DR100W_PM
MCU
INTERFACE
20 x 4
LCD
INTERFACE
KEYs
8051 / AVR
core
MCU
EEPROM
UARTBLUETOOTH
IR
ISP Programming

Figure 4 :

THE DR10W conCEPT Detailed Diagram

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

sic fidelity, the class AB scheme is born. If you heard the stereo of your neighbor sounds so good, that is called Hi-fi or High-Fidelity. If, in some in- stances you heard your neighbor complaining be- cause of a 3rd party involved in their relationship, that is called “infidelity”.

So what is Class D? I bet - “D” means digital, not the big Daddy-D at 1diy. Class D comes with digi- tal processing, not like the class A,B, AB, G and H and other class which are analog processing.

If it is called digital - it process digitally, and what benefit we can get, if it is process digitally? It im- proved the efficiency, the input power from the transfomer is processed at about 90%, which less waste of power loss during the amplification , as compared to analog processing of about 45% effi- ciency.

In DR100W_PA, we voted the Philips solution (NXP), a chipset claimed to delivered 100Wrms/ channel at a specified test condition. The chipset is the TDA8920BTH - a class D digital amplifier.

There is also called class T. This is another audio digital amplfier with different digitral processing tech- nology, known as Tripath’s propriety Digital Power Processing (DPP TM ) Technology, how is that? Google the TA2022 Tripath chipset to know more about class T.

How Class D Amplifier Works?

Philips documented the TDA8920BTH in detailed, pin description, block diagram, processing defini- tion and applications circuit.

I would suggest that you should refer to this docu- ment, TDA8920B (do not use the TDA8920, it should comes with a “B” like, TDA8920B), that is a 34 pages to read and know about the Philips (NXP) TDA8920BTH - digital class D power amplifier.

digital power amplifier module

How Class D differs

from Class AB

Personally, this is just my own understanding (so,

please, if I am not right, please send an email to

danztherock@hotmail.com and correct my mis-

take - “salamat”). Let’s see the block diagram of analog process and digital process as shown in Figure 5.

Analog Process:

The simplified illustration of analog process is shown

in Figure 5 - a. The input signal of sine wave is fed

into the amplifier input stage, it then increased in amplitude by the Driver stage and finally fed for power amplification by the Output Stage. The out- put stage will generate heat in processing the re- quired amplitude, it requires a heatrsink to effec- tively dissipate the heat, the bigger the heatsink the faster the ehat dissipate. If the heat generated on the output stage will not dissipate and it will

continue build up, a thermal run-away might occur where the output stage will damage. Most IC amplifier have a thermal sensor that will shut down the amplifier when overheat occurs.

Digital Process:

For digital processing, the same sinewave is fed into the amplifier input stage, the analog siganl is converted into Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) then fed into the Control and Handshake block to drive the High Driver Stage. An external low pass filter is required to recover back the digitized analog am- plified sinewave before it can be fed-in across the speaker.

What is remarkbly noticed with digital amplifier is that, the heatsink are small, due to the fact that, digital amplifier process the input power by about 90%, it means, close 10% is generated as heat, so it reauires smaller heatsink or no heatsink re- quired at all. While in analog process, it requires heatsink because about 50% of the input power is waisted and converted into heat.

A good example between analog and digital pro-

cess is the Linear and Switch Mode Power Supply

(SMPS), the Linear Power supply requires heatsink

to dissipate the wasted power while the SMPS re-

quires very little heatsink.

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

digital power amplifier module

Input Driver Output Stage Stage Stage Heatsink
Input
Driver
Output
Stage
Stage
Stage
Heatsink
Input Driver Output Stage Stage Stage Heatsink (a) Simplified illustration of analog process of power amplifier
Input Driver Output Stage Stage Stage Heatsink (a) Simplified illustration of analog process of power amplifier

(a) Simplified illustration of analog process of power amplifier

Pulse Control High External Input Width & Driver LC Stage Modula- Hand- Stage Filter tion
Pulse
Control
High
External
Input
Width
&
Driver
LC
Stage
Modula-
Hand-
Stage
Filter
tion
shake

(b) Simplified illustration of digital process of power amplifier

Figure 5 : Analog versus Digital Process

illustration of digital process of power amplifier Figure 5 : Analog versus Digital Process Heart Systems

Heart Systems

Page 5

V1.0

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

DR100W_PA

Design Source:

The DR100W power amplifier schematic diagram is shown in Figure 7. It is basically the same as the recommended by Philips on Figure 9, page 21 of the Philips datasheet.

Well

by offering recommended circuit, sounds like plug and play design, making the design EASY, FAST and FUN (but not Affordable since this IC still ex-

Philips makes our design work easy

pensive to us) not like in the 70’s - you start from scratch. China market offer the component sys-

tems

making the whole thing easy.

A “bit” explanation how the TDA8920BTH works according to the DR100W design

The DR100W_PA solution is highly Integrated so- lution packed into a single IC in HSOP24 SMD package, see Figure 6 below.

The stereo input signal is fed into the input stage via pins 8,9 and 5,4 for stereo, and it is internally processed. I do not know “exactly” the signal be- ing processed under the blocks of PWM, Control and Shake and the High Power Driver Stage. What I know is that, the analog input signal is converted into a PWM with carrier Frequency between 300KHz to 350KHz.

The input signal which is converted into PWM will then passed to the Control and Handshake block to drive the High Power Driver stage to provide high level switching signal about the same level as the power supply.

switching signal about the same level as the power supply. Figure 6 : The TDA8920BTH HSOP

Figure 6 : The TDA8920BTH HSOP 24 Package

digital power amplifier module

At +28Vdc supply, the output signal at pins 16

(and 21) is high power PWM about 28Vrms as

shown in Figure 8.

21) is high power PWM about 28Vrms as shown in Figure 8. Figure 7 : The

Figure 7 :

The PWM output at pin 16

From the output waveform, we can see how the PWM react to a varying sinewave input signal. The waveform in Figure 7 is low input signal (low level), the waveform shown in Figure 8 is medium input signal,

the waveform shown in Figure 8 is medium input signal, Figure 8 : The PWM output

Figure 8 :

The PWM output at pin 16 at medium input signal

The waveform in Figure 9 is relatively high input sinewave signal causing the output nearly at clip- ping. Now, can you see the difference how the high powered PWM looks like? We have idea now how the processing inside the IC.

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

digital power amplifier module

Amplifier, MCU Programming digital power amplifier module Figure 9 : The PWM output at pin 16

Figure 9 :

The PWM output at pin 16 at nearly

module Figure 9 : The PWM output at pin 16 at nearly Figure 10 : Signal

Figure 10 : Signal across the 4 ohms Load at mid power level

the maximum power What I noticed is that, if you zoomed the signal,

you see that, there are other signal “ride on” into the sinewave as shown in Figure 10, I tried to cap- ture it but then, my camera gone crazy, wheyyyy! see Figure 11.

Another thing you might notice in Figures 7,8 and 9 is the Vrms voltage of the PWM, as :

Figure 7 : 28.0 Vrms Figure 8 : 27.9 Vrms Figure 9 : 25.8 Vrms

At low input signal, it consumed just little power from the Power Supply, at high input signal, the system will draw large power from the power sup- ply, unfortunately my power supply cannot deliver the power required by the TDA8920BTH, so the voltage will drop, the result of this is that, the TDA8920BTH cannot deliver the real power to the load. I conclude then that, a good Power Supply is required to drive the TDA8920BTH into full power.

Zoom waveform to see the extra signal ride on into the Sinewave signal
Zoom waveform to see the extra
signal ride on into the Sinewave
signal

Now, the output of TDA8920BTH is high power digital PWM as shown in Figure 7,8 and 9 cannot be used to directly fed into the speaker, otherwise your speaker will complain of feeding him an un- clean sinewave signal, just like a baby is expect- ing a milk where in fact you give him a vodka (what a wild explanation, I guess) the baby will definitely cry, for your speaker I guess it will heat up and eventually burned the voice coil.

To return back the sinewave signal, it need a 2nd order LC filter, the result is shown in Figure 10, indeed, a boosted replica of the input signal.

Figure 11 : extra signal across the load

of the input signal. Figure 11 : extra signal across the load Figure 12 : further

Figure 12 : further zoom

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

Actually, in real world, the LC filter did not filter out (removed) all the high frequency carrier of the PWM, a 349 KHz signal still “ride” into the 1KHz sinewave, and eventually it fed into the speaker.

Is this good or bad? Definitely it is “not desirable”. This can be minimized by adding another filter which will further “filter” the high frequency. With the DR100W_PA design, the system is not perfect but it can function as it was intended.

The 349 KHz cannot be heard by our ears, it will not contribute also as high frequency noise (I am talking to the DR100W_PA hardware including the PCB design), thus, it is accepted.

Here, an output signal of the DR100W_PA when both channel driven by 4 ohms load with SMPS power supply. See Figure 13.

This waveform give us an idea how clean (how dirty) the waveform at a certain voltage swing (6.18 vrms) at the load. This voltage swing at the load pro- vides real power of 9.8Watt for that channel, that is, 6.18x8.18 / 3.89, my load resistance accord- ing to my ohmmeter is 3.98 ohm. Oh! This is not the maximum power it can deliver, its just a mid- level power for “soak test” - a test condition that normally we used most of the time. This test per- form for 24 hours (1diy standard) and yet, we got a warm heatsink temperature. Oh yeah, 20Wrms stereo at your home is enough for most users.

yeah, 20Wrms stereo at your home is enough for most users. Figure 13 : Output signal

Figure 13 : Output signal - both channel driven at 4 ohms load, how clean the voltage swing at the load when using a SMPS as power supply and soak test for

24hrs

digital power amplifier module

Disecting the Design :

I should say, lets have the design review

(a)

The design can say low cost, since it removed those

expensive components. In the Philips document -

Figure 9, page 21 - application schematic, the

Capacitor C8, C16 and C38 were removed.

Removing non-standard capacitor

These capacitor requires higher voltage more than 60Vdc, for the standard capacitor voltage value in the market, perhaps it is 20Vdc, and it is expen- sive.

in the market, perhaps it is 20Vdc, and it is expen- sive. Figure 14 : Low
in the market, perhaps it is 20Vdc, and it is expen- sive. Figure 14 : Low

Figure 14 : Low cost design by removing the high voltage capacitor

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

(b) Removing the Ferrite Bead at Supply Line

The Ferrite Bead were also removed, please see Figure 9, page 21 - application schematic, L1 and L2 Bead.

In our applications, the filter used is 10,000uF / 35 volts.

In our applications, the filter used is 10,000uF / 35 volts. Figure 14 : Low Cost

Figure 14 : Low Cost design by removing the Inductor bead at the power supply

These components were intended for Power Sup- ply filtering. What is the expected effect after re- moving these components? Well, it remains un- known and to be known after subjecting into an intensive testing including reliability test.

(c) Protection Circuit

In the DR100W concept - this is called Protection Module or DR100W_PM. This is a circuit block that will prevent the speaker from damage when the amplifier gone crazy -- when the dc voltage output at the speaker (dc offset voltage) is higher than what the speaker can handle (frankly, we have

not experienced yet our DR100W amplifier to acti- vate the protection circuit).

digital power amplifier module

Let see the circuit in Figure 7. Google is really

cool, please use it to download the PC1237 or the

NTE7100 document because it will help us a lot in

the explanation - a details information can be found

on the datasheet.

In

lator power supply using the LM7812, though the

IC can be used up to 60Vdc.

our applications, we decided to use +12V a regu-

The interesting part here is the Overload function (pin 1) which I am interested how it function and what it can do - - - it is unfortunate that, due to patent problem (see page 5 of the NEC document),

it is not included

function of this pin, it says that at 0.6V, it will latch up the relay (break the relay -- like disconnecting the speaker from the amplifier). Using a TTL signal from a MCU of the DR100W_CM, we can com- mand the Protection Module (PM) to forced to dis- connect the speaker from the amplifier by sending

The team redefined the

a logic 1 signal, and, at standby mode, we can

send a logic 0 so that the PM will not consume too much power.

If you have other external application circuit that make pin 1 to function as it was originally con- ceive, or you designed a circuit that can make it work to “protect” the speaker like Clipping detec- tion, I would be glad if you can share it with us, thank you.

Furthermore, we wanted that every module is su- pervised by the DR100W_CM, our prototype use MCU to reset the PM via its pin 3. When the pin 2 detect “+” or “-” high offset voltage, it will discon- nect the speaker. To connect back the speaker while making it sure that the dc offset voltage is not preset, we used MCU. (Actually - is a part of the Learning process discussed on DR100W con- cept) but then, we learned that, the uPC1237HA can do that by itself, so, we let this IC handle the resetting for simplicity.

We used the reset, that, when the dc offset is gone,

it will latch (reset itself) without any external trig- ger. The other reset available is that, you need to reset the Protection circuit - power off and power on the supply.

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

digital power amplifier module

CON1

AC

GND

AC

ac1 R1 R2 D1 10 10K Vdda Vddp Vssp R3 C1 10 Vssa 10000uF C2
ac1
R1
R2
D1
10
10K
Vdda
Vddp
Vssp
R3
C1
10
Vssa
10000uF
C2

1N4007-T

LED1

Red

35V 10000uF ac2 35V C31 C3 Vssa 0.1uF 0.1uF CON2 R4 2 11 24 19
35V
10000uF
ac2
35V
C31
C3
Vssa
0.1uF
0.1uF
CON2
R4
2
11
24
19
13
L
30K
G
14
Vddp
R
7
VR1
17
Vssp
10K
C4
20
0.1uF
8
Vssp
C5
23
0.1uF
R5
C6
5K6
u47F
IC1
C21
8
TDA8920BTH
0.1uF
C7
C8
220pF
220p
C19
C20
9
0.1uF
0.1uF
R6
10
C9
5K6
Please refer to Philips
Schematic Diagram,
Figure 9, page 21 of the
TDA8920BTH datasheet
Vdda
u47F
12
Vssa
R7
C10
3
5K6
u47F
5
C12
C11
220pF
220p
(this schematic is not
yet verified by our
Team)
1
C22
4
0.1uF
R8
C13
5K6
u47F
C25
C26
C23
C24
C14
0.1uF
0.015F
0.1uF
0.1uF
0.015uF
L1
22
15
22uH
21
16
L2
Rout
Lout
22uH
R9
R10
R11
10
C27
C16
10
10
R12
0.68uF
0.68uF
10
6
C15
C28
C18
0.1uF
C17
C29
C30
0.1uF
220pF
Mode
220pF
220pF
220pF
Vddp
Vssp
Vddp
Vssp

Figue 15 : Schematic Diagram

- Amplifier Section

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

digital power amplifier module

D3

1N4007

IC2

LM7812

ac2

+12V D4 ac1 1N4007 C36 4u7F C35 16V 100uF 35V D5 1N4007 IC3 C37 4u7F
+12V
D4
ac1
1N4007
C36
4u7F
C35
16V
100uF
35V
D5
1N4007
IC3
C37
4u7F
16V
+12V
1
2
3
4
5
6
7 8
R15
3K3
VCC
R17
R16
10K
Vcc ON
47K
C38
100uF
R18
R19
Relay Driver
16V
47K
47K
C39
RLY1
100uF
Relay
16V
GND
Rout
Lout
AC Off Detect
CON3
+12V
Latch / Reset
Offset Detect
Overload
R13
R14
5K6
5K6
Mode
Vssa
C31
100uF
D2
16V
5V6

uPC1237 / NTE7100

Please refer to NEC

uPC1237 Schematic

Diagram and applica- tions, This schematic is not yet verified by our Team)

SPK1

4 Ohms

SPK2

4 Ohms

Figue 16 : Schematic Diagram Speaker Protection Section

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

DR100W_PA

Power Requirements

According to Philips specifications, you must use a voltage of +/-12.5 to +/-30Vdc for the operation of the TDA8920BTH.

That is the voltage, what about the current? The specifications did not “really specify” the current needed to produce a desired output.

For example, it says that, at +/-27Vdc with 4 ohms speaker load, you can get 86W with a 10% distor- tion, again, what is the current needed? Or, what would be the transformer current rating to produce this power?

Our visiting friend (a former 1diy member) make his hand dirty on our work bench, his test show

with different power transformer as shown in Figure

17.

He noticed that, EI and Toroid transformer will tend to decreased the voltage being supply to the DR100W_PA board at maximum power, he con- cluded that, these power transformer cannot de- liver the exact “power” the TDA8920BTH requires. (Pertaining to our transformer only, EI core = 18-0- 18Vac @ 3 Amp., Toroid = 20-0-20Vac, 250W, SMPS = 30-0-30Vdc @ 3.5 Amp)

Please note, however that, this is only true at maxi- mum output signal, where, in reality, you will not going to maximized your power amplifier always for a normal listening pleasure, unless, you are in the battle of the band and strictly hate that your PA cannot deliver 100Wrms per channel.

Only the Switch Mode Power Supply (SMPS) can deliver the greatest power, but still cannot obtained the 100Wrms per channel at 4 ohms load (200Wrms Stereo) as specified by DR100W conCEPT speci- fications, not even the Philips (NXP) specifications of 86Wrms per channel.

Well

and Modifications (if there is any) - something that we can diy to do - to perform trial and error modifi- cations with an aim to improved it.

I will leave that for the Tweak

well

well

digital power amplifier module

that for the Tweak well well digital power amplifier module Figure 17 : Using different transformer
that for the Tweak well well digital power amplifier module Figure 17 : Using different transformer
that for the Tweak well well digital power amplifier module Figure 17 : Using different transformer

Figure 17 : Using different transformer to power the DR100W_PA

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

DR100W_PA Tweak & Modification

The DR100W power amplifier circuit design is not perfect in terms of performance and specifications, thus, a room for improvement is “waiting” on teh current design.

If you like to make it the best, you need to adjust some component value, perhaps add components and see if you can benchmark or supass the Philips specifications described in their datasheet.

Those values and modification, we do not know yet, but we will play around with this module, we will do Trial and Error to make it the best - at least to my level and expectation as diyers.

digital power amplifier module

DR100W_PA conCEPT

Requirement for PA

The DR100W conCEPT requires that, the power

amplifier can be controlled with :

(a) Standby

(b) Mute

In Figure 16, you can find the mode control but not specified exactly how to use it. Going back to Philips datasheet, on page 21 Figure 9, please look at S1 and S2, when S2 is close which forced pin 6 to logic zero, the amplifier will be in the standbymode.

If S2 is closed, the mode pin will be in Mute state. By design, we can also perform a digital mute on the part of the DR100_EQ - which we believe a better choose of mute. Real life applications will dictate which mute will be used.

R13 R14 5K6 5K6 Mode Vssa C31 47uF D2 16V 5V6 DR100W_CM Rm 5K6 Control
R13
R14
5K6
5K6
Mode
Vssa
C31
47uF
D2
16V
5V6
DR100W_CM
Rm
5K6
Control Module
Rs
100
Mute
Standby
active mode
Intel 8051
Core MCU
Standby mode

Figure 18 : Implementing Mute and Standby control on the DR100W_PA circuit

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

Diy Constructing the DR100W PA

Here we go

for the manual insertion and assembly.

make our hands dirt, ready

<<<<sorry for the inconvenience, the assembly instruction is under cooking, we will published very soon>>>>>

To be Continued

digital power amplifier module

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

APPENDIX

digital power amplifier module

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

DR100W conCEPT

Learning Platform

Heart Systems - the “tiny” company located in Baguio City, who established the 1diyTeam, pro- mote & support : diy Learning, it created sev- eral low cost Trainer Kit platform generally for learning hardware design and interfacing, MCU pro- gramming and systems integration - - targetting the Starters with zero background.

The DR100W conCEPT is the latest platform in the field of Audio and Music reproduction.

What do we have here? The conCEPT will let you learn the following :

Audio :

Equalization reproduction with different mode , Rock, Classical, Pop, Jazz (hardware) Effects : Turbo Bass and 3D Sound Bass and Treble Digital gain, volume and balance control Digital Power Amplifier

Hardware :

Digital processing technique control by I2C Analog and digital Interfacing Modular and Systems Integration Solutions to Noise and Issues Hardware and Software compromise and optimization Hardware assembly / debugging

MCU Programming (Software) :

Man Machine Interface (MMI) implementation I2C Protocol and logic control, UART LCD Displaying Programming technique and problem solving

Parametric Test, Tone Control signal testing Hardware & Software Test / Reliability Test Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) Automatic Test Equipment (ATE)

Testing :

Project Milestone Ladder Systems Product DevelopmentReliability Test Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) Testing : Project Management : We are talking to our

Project Management:

We are talking to our brilliant fellow hobbyist to help us to deliver this Trainer Platform.

digital power amplifier module

STARTER MCU-EB8051 Assembly Language General Trainer Kit Digital Control (DATC) Trainer Kit Digital Audio Audio

STARTER

MCU-EB8051

Assembly Language

General Trainer Kit

STARTER MCU-EB8051 Assembly Language General Trainer Kit Digital Control (DATC) Trainer Kit Digital Audio Audio Tone
STARTER MCU-EB8051 Assembly Language General Trainer Kit Digital Control (DATC) Trainer Kit Digital Audio Audio Tone
STARTER MCU-EB8051 Assembly Language General Trainer Kit Digital Control (DATC) Trainer Kit Digital Audio Audio Tone

Digital

Control (DATC) Trainer Kit

Digital Audio

Audio

Tone

Digital Control (DATC) Trainer Kit Digital Audio Audio Tone Hobbyist Central Office Simulator (Hob-COS) Trainer Kit

Hobbyist Central Office Simulator (Hob-COS)

Trainer Kit

Telephony

Central Office Simulator (Hob-COS) Trainer Kit Telephony Night Eyes Security Systems V2 (NE2ss) Trainer Kit

Night Eyes Security Systems V2

(NE2ss) Trainer Kit (Security)

Figure i :

THE 1diy Learning Platform - Proudly made by true blooded hobbyist for the general Hobbyist courseware & shareware

- Proudly made by true blooded hobbyist for the general Hobbyist courseware & shareware Heart Systems

Heart Systems

Page ii

V1.0

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

Photo Gallery :

Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming Photo Gallery : Engineering Design - LSPD1 : Writing its program

Engineering Design - LSPD1 :

Writing its program

Gallery : Engineering Design - LSPD1 : Writing its program Engineering Design - LSPD1 : Checking

Engineering Design - LSPD1 :

Checking the Equalizer Performance

Design - LSPD1 : Checking the Equalizer Performance Engineering Design - LSPD1 : Digital Tone Control

Engineering Design - LSPD1 :

Digital Tone Control and Volume Control

digital power amplifier module

Control and Volume Control digital power amplifier module Hand Made Sample - LSPD2 : The finished

Hand Made Sample - LSPD2 :

The finished EQ on its standard PCB

Made Sample - LSPD2 : The finished EQ on its standard PCB Hand Made Sample -

Hand Made Sample - LSPD2 :

Testing the EQ with Avril Lavigne Concert

on its standard PCB Hand Made Sample - LSPD2 : Testing the EQ with Avril Lavigne

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming Hand Made Sample - LSPD2 : Testing a candidate

Hand Made Sample - LSPD2 :

Testing a candidate Power Amplifier : Class AB

- LSPD2 : Testing a candidate Power Amplifier : Class AB Hand Made Sample - LSPD2

Hand Made Sample - LSPD2 :

Testing a candidate Power Amplifier : Class D

- LSPD2 : Testing a candidate Power Amplifier : Class D Hand Made Sample - LSPD2

Hand Made Sample - LSPD2 :

Let’s see some MMI (Man Machine Interface)

digital power amplifier module

MMI (Man Machine Interface) digital power amplifier module Final Sample - LSPD3 : Testing the TDA8920BTH

Final Sample - LSPD3 :

Testing the TDA8920BTH : Class D

TDA8920BTH

Sample - LSPD3 : Testing the TDA8920BTH : Class D TDA8920BTH Final Sample - LSPD3 :

Final Sample - LSPD3 :

Testing the TDA8920BTH : Live Audio Test

Sample - LSPD3 : Testing the TDA8920BTH : Live Audio Test Final Sample - LSPD3 :

Final Sample - LSPD3 :

Testing the TDA8920BTH : Soak Test

the TDA8920BTH : Live Audio Test Final Sample - LSPD3 : Testing the TDA8920BTH : Soak

Heart Systems

Page iv

V1.0

PRELIMINARY

DR100W

conCEPT

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming

Equalizer, Tone Control, Power Amplifier, MCU Programming Final Sample Testing the TDA8920BTH : Max Output before

Final Sample

Testing the TDA8920BTH : Max Output before Clip *** over voltage beyond supply max limit test ***

- LSPD3 : 2 Channels Driven

beyond supply max limit test *** - LSPD3 : 2 Channels Driven Final Sample Testing the

Final Sample

Testing the TDA8920BTH : EI Transformer

- LSPD3 :

Sample Testing the TDA8920BTH : EI Transformer - LSPD3 : Final Sample Testing the TDA8920BTH :

Final Sample

Testing the TDA8920BTH : Torroid Transformer

- LSPD3 :

digital power amplifier module

Kit Version :

The 1diyTEAM create an investment to get the com-

plete materials for the DR100W conCEPT - spe-

cially packed for Audio Hobbyist who would like to

build the DR100W, Learn Software programming,

systems integration, solving issues such as noise.

in general - anyone who would like

to feel and experienced the adventure with the DR100W conCEPT.

The Kit version will include the major hardware, such as :

a) Equalizer

:

EQ

b) Control Module

:

CM

and you can select the Power Amplifier Module (PA) based on your preference Power Output :

a) 10W Stereo

b) 40 Watts Stereo

c) 200 Watts Stereo (official PA)

Feedback :

We thank those guys who will feedback about our DR100W conCEPT. I’ll be glad to hear from your comment, improvement and redesign - making the DR100W conCEPT a better Trainer Kit :

danztherock@gmail.com

d’ TEAM :

Thanks to these guys - the dr100wTEAM :

Project Manager / Systems Architecture Systems Integration

: F. Dandy : Ariel Romel : Bryan / Noli

Material Sourcing : Anna Chen

Test / Hardware Engr.

Software Engineer :

http://www.1diycentre.com

myhobby Educational Trainer

: http://www.1diycentre.com myhobby Educational Trainer Heart Systems EAF 2 Electronics Series Heart Systems

Heart

Systems

myhobby Educational Trainer Heart Systems EAF 2 Electronics Series Heart Systems Page v V1.0

EAF 2 Electronics Series

PRELIMINARY

bybybybyby :::::

PoweredPoweredPoweredPoweredPowered SYSTEMSSYSTEMSSYSTEMSSYSTEMSSYSTEMS

HEARTHEARTHEARTHEARTHEART

DADADADADATCTCTCTCTC

Digital Audio Tone Control

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DADADADADATCTCTCTCTC Digital Audio Tone Control mmmmmyyyyy friendlyfriendlyfriendlyfriendlyfriendly

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digital power amplifier module

Revival DATC

Digital Audio Tone Control ((((( DADADADADATCTCTCTCTC )))))

my DATC

-------

DATC Version 1.5 -------

The Digital Audio Tone Control (DATC) is another Educational Trainer - Project from Heart Systems. The DATC can be use as a Trainer Kit for studying the 8051 core software application on digital Audio. The 8051 proces- sor is In-System Programming with 8K bytes of Flash Programmable ROM.

application on digital Audio . The 8051 proces- sor is In-System Programming with 8K bytes of
application on digital Audio . The 8051 proces- sor is In-System Programming with 8K bytes of

DATC Features:

DATC Features:  
 
DATC Features:  

- MicroProcessor Controlled using the ATMEL AT89S52 (PLCC)

- Using Digital Audio Processors : SGS Thomson - ST TDA7442 with Surround Effects

- Push button adjustment of Volume, Bass and Treble

 

- Push button Power On/Off

- Push button Music / Surround Selection

- Infrared Remote Control

 

- 16x2 LCD with amber backlight

 

- Stereo VU meter (optional)

- Stereo VU meter (optional)

- Stereo Internal Headphone amplifier

- 14 dB of Boost/ Cut Treble

- 14 dB of Boost/ Cut Bass

- Music Surround Sound On/Off Selection

- Mode : Music / Simulated

- 4 Stereo Inputs - RCA Jacks

- 1 Stereo Outputs - RCA Jacks

- Last Setting Memory

- Real Time Clock

- Programmable Turn on (automatic turn on)

- Programmable Turn off (automatic turn off)

- User's Programmable Control (User can program the Processor)

- MCU programming on board (ISP)

- External Control via Relay of amplifier Power Supply

- External Control via Relay of Amplifier Speaker Systems

- Power Supply Requirements : 12 Vdc @ 500 mAmps

do diy MP3 Player for DATC digital Tone Control

Supply Requirements : 12 Vdc @ 500 mAmps do diy MP3 Player for DATC digital Tone

Heart Systems

V1.0