Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate, or

aggressively impose domination over others. The behavior is often repeated


and habitual. One essential prerequisite is the perception, by the bully or by
others, of an imbalance of social or physical power. Behaviors used to assert
such domination can include verbalharassment or threat, physical assault or
coercion, and such acts may be directed repeatedly towards particular targets.
Justifications and rationalizations for such behavior sometimes include
differences
of class, race, religion,gender, sexuality, appearance, behavior, body
language, personality, reputation, lineage, strength, size orability.
[2][3]
If
bullying is done by a group, it is called mobbing.
[4]
"Targets" of bullying are
also sometimes referred to as "victims" of bullying.
Bullying can be defined in many different ways. The UK currently has no legal
definition of bullying,
[5]
while someU.S. states have laws against it.
[6]
Bullying
consists of four basic types of abuse emotional (sometimes called
relational), verbal, physical, and cyber.
[7]
It typically involves subtle methods of
coercion such as intimidation.
Bullying ranges from simple one-on-one bullying to more complex bullying in
which the bully may have one or more "lieutenants" who may seem to be
willing to assist the primary bully in his or her bullying activities. Bullying in
school and the workplace is also referred to as peer abuse.
[8]
Robert W.
Fuller has analyzed bullying in the context ofrankism.
A bullying culture can develop in any context in which human beings interact
with each other. This includes school, family, the workplace, home, and
neighborhoods. In a 2012 study of male adolescent football players, "the
strongest predictor was the perception of whether the most influential male in
a player's life would approve of the bullying behavior".
[9]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullying

Aggressive behavior may be bullying depending on what happened, how often it happens and who it happens
to. Find out what bullying is and what the different types are. You can also learn more about other topics
related to bullying.

Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power
imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both kids who are bullied
and who bully others may have serious, lasting problems.
In order to be considered bullying, the behavior must be aggressive and include:
An Imbalance of Power: Kids who bully use their powersuch as physical strength, access to embarrassing
information, or popularityto control or harm others. Power imbalances can change over time and in different
situations, even if they involve the same people.
Repetition: Bullying behaviors happen more than once or have the potential to happen more than once.
Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally,
and excluding someone from a group on purpose.

http://www.stopbullying.gov/what-is-bullying/

A definition of bullying
Bullying is repeated verbal, physical, social or psychological behaviour that is harmful
and involves the misuse of power by an individual or group towards one or more
persons. Cyberbullying refers to bullying through information and communication
technologies.
Bullying can involve humiliation, domination, intimidation, victimisation and all forms of
harassment including that based on sex, race, disability, homosexuality or transgender.
Bullying of any form or for any reason can have long-term effects on those involved
including bystanders.
http://www.schools.nsw.edu.au/studentsupport/bullying/definition/

Bullying involves an imbalance of power between the bully
and the victim, is intentionally harmful and occurs
repetitively. (Olweus et al., 1999)
Bullying is when you keep picking on someone because you
think youre cooler, smarter, stronger or better than them.
http://antibullyingsoftware.com/the-definition-of-bullying-for-kids/

Definition:
Bullying is intentional aggressive behavior. It can take the form of physical or
verbal harassment and involves an imbalance of power (a group of children can
gang up on a victim or someone who is physically bigger or more aggressive
can intimidate someone else, for instance).
Bullying behavior can include teasing, insulting someone (particularly about
their weight or height, race, sexuality, religion or other personal traits),
shoving, hitting, excluding someone, or gossiping about someone.
Bullying can cause a victim to feel upset, afraid, ashamed, embarrassed, and
anxious about going to school. It can involve children of any age, including
younger elementary grade-schoolers and even kindergarteners. Bullying
behavior is frequently repeated unless there is intervention.
http://childparenting.about.com/od/schoollearning/g/bullying-definition.htm

NOUN: one habitually cruel to others who are weaker
ADJECTIVE: used in phrases like bully for you to express approval or praise especially when the
approval or praise is not sincere
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bully

A Research Definition of Bullying
Dan Olweus, a Norwegian researcher

A person is being bullied when he/she is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to
negative actions on the part of one or more other persons. Negative action is when a person
intentionally inflicts injury or discomfort upon another person, through physical contact,
through words or in other ways. Note that bullying is both overt and covert behaviors.
The following are examples of bullying behaviors. Remember, bullying is a pattern of
behavior that is repeated over time against the same person(s) with a noted power
differential.

1. Saying hurtful and unpleasant things
2. Making fun of others
3. Using mean and hurtful nicknames
4. Completely overlooking someone
5. Deliberately excluding someone from a group of friends
6. Hitting, kicking, pulling hair, pushing or shutting a person inside
7. Telling lies
8. Spreading false rumors
9. Sending mean notes
10. Trying to get other students to dislike another person

NOTE: The literature suggests not labeling a student as a bully or victim. Instead, call it
bullying and/or victim behavior that the student is exhibiting.
Direct bullying behaviors (overt) involve behaviors that are observable and that are usually
expressed by physical and verbal means. Usually direct bullying involves relatively open
attacks on a victim and are in front of your face behaviors.

However, bullying behavior is not always hitting, kicking, teasing, or name calling.
Children who bully others may use subversive acts that hurt just as much, but are harder
to detect. Examples of indirect bullying are leaving others out on purpose, spreading
rumors to destroy anothers reputation or getting others to dislike another person. This is
covert bullying or behind your face behaviors.

Bullying begins at an early age with students demonstrating behaviors like biting, pinching
or scratching. Teasing and taunting may follow with glaring and staring. Shoving,
pushing, and tripping may ensue along with pestering and fighting. Boys may name call,
steal lunch money and threaten younger boys while girls may ignore and exclude others or
undermine friendships.

Thus, bullying can start small and get out of hand unless there is consistency with what is
expected. Everyone should have the same expectations and be on the same page. If
someone is being bullied at home, at play and/or at school, the behavior should be reported
to a trusted adult. The information should be factual and, if possible, logged in a journal
describing the type of bullying, where and when it is happening, who is involved, and how
the victim reacts to the bullying. It is important to determine if the victim is provocative.
How the information is conveyed is very important.

http://www.cobbk12.org/preventionintervention/Bully/Definition%20of%20Bullying.pdf