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hk MOHK Anchor 2011


Anchor Fastening Workshop 2011
Hilti (Hong Kong) Limited
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Agenda
Hilti in brief
Anchoring Technology
Code & Standard Development Worldwide
Anchor Product Testing
Hilti FTM 2011 & Profis Anchor Ver. 2.1.x (Work example)
Hilti Products / Application overview
3 www.hilti.com.hk MOHK Anchor 2011
Hilti in brief
Liechtenstein
Area = 160 km
2
Population = 35000
(over 1500 Hilti employee)
Hilti AG (Founded in 1941)
Operate in 120 countries
20000 employee worldwide
Factory in Liechtenstein,
Germany, Austria, Hungary,
Mexico, India, China, USA,
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Anchor Technology
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The 3 Working Principles - Definition
Friction Keying Bonding
The anchor expands
into the concrete and is
kept by friction
At a certain point the
anchor has a bigger
diameter then the
borehole itself
Bonding occurs with
chemical anchors; a
micro keying effect
keeps the element in
the borehole
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L
o
a
d
Displacement
Rigid type anchors
Displacement-controlled anchor
Adhesive anchor, Plastic Anchor
Anchor Design Resistance
Characteristic Resistance (Ultimate Resistance)
Load
Factor of
Safety
(FOS)
Follow-up expansion
Torque-controlled anchor
Undercut anchor
(e.g. HSL,HST, HSA, HDA, HSC)
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Less sensitive to bore hole Less sensitive to bore hole
conditions conditions
Less sensitive to temperature Less sensitive to temperature
No curing time necessary No curing time necessary
(immediate application of load) (immediate application of load)
Higher Spacing & Edge distance Higher Spacing & Edge distance
requirements requirements
Selection Criteria for Anchors Mechanical Anchor
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Very small expansion forces Very small expansion forces
(suitable for low strength concrete, (suitable for low strength concrete,
brick) brick)
No need to No need to expand expand the anchor the anchor
No gap between rod and concrete No gap between rod and concrete
(good for corrosion protection) (good for corrosion protection)
Sensitive to borehole condition & Sensitive to borehole condition &
temperature temperature
Require Curing Time Require Curing Time
Selection Criteria for Anchors Adhesive Anchor
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Galvanized
5-20
Hot dipped
galvanised /
Sherardised
A2 Steel A4 Steel HCR
E
n
v
i
r
o
n
m
e
n
t
a
l

c
o
n
d
i
t
i
o
n
s
Inside rooms
without humidity
Outside only for
temporary
applications
Damp inside rooms
Slightly corrosive
outside atmosphere
Occasional exposure to
condensation
Highly corrosive
surroundings like
road tunnels,
indoor swimming
pools
Inside rooms
with heavy
condensation
Outside without
chlorides
Low High
Corrosion resistance
Inside rooms
with heavy
condensation
Outside with
moderate
chlorides
Environmental conditions Environmental conditions
Selection Criteria for Anchors
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Design requirements for tensile loading:
N
Rd,s
= Nominal steel strength in tension
N
Rd,c
= Nominal concrete breakout strength in tension
N
Rd,p
= Nominal pullout/bond strength in tension
Strength design Tension
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Embedment depth, h
ef
(in. / mm)
D
e
s
i
g
n

c
a
p
a
c
i
t
y
,

N

(
l
b
,

k
N
)
5 . 1
'
ef cb
h c f k N =
b ef a
d h N =
ut s sa
F A N =
Relationship between Embedment Depth and
Loading (Chemical Anchor)
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Embedment depth, h
ef
(in. / mm)
D
e
s
i
g
n

c
a
p
a
c
i
t
y
,

N

(
l
b
,

k
N
)
Relationship between Embedment Depth and
Loading (Chemical Anchor)
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The concept of Critical Spacing & Edge Distance
Ideal Case
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Nominal concrete breakout strength in tension
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V
Rd,s
= Nominal steel strength in shear
V
Rd,c
= Nominal concrete breakout strength in shear
V
Rd,p
= Nominal concrete/bond pryout strength in shear
Strength design Shear
Shear nominal strengths are defined as:
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t
h
i
c
k
n
e
s
s
1
,
5

c
a
1
3 c
a1
c
a
1
1,5 c
a1
1,5 c
a1
V
A
Vco
= projected failure area at the edge of the concrete resulting
from a shear load acting on a single anchor
c
a1
= distance of anchor to the edge of the concrete in the
direction of the shear load
A
Vco
= ( 3 c
a1
) x ( 1,5 c
a1
)
= 4,5 c
a1
2
Nominal concrete breakout strength in shear
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Agenda
Hilti in brief
Anchoring Technology
Code & Standard Development Worldwide
Anchor Product Testing
Hilti FTM 2011 & Profis Anchor Ver. 2.1.x (Work example)
Hilti Products / Application overview
18 www.hilti.com.hk MOHK Anchor 2011
Code & Standard Development Worldwide
1990s
No common anchor design standard
Late 1990s 2000s
ETAG (Common assessment for Anchor products)
ACI AC193 (pre-qualification test)
Hilti C-C Design Method (Simplified version of ETAG Annex C)
2009
CEN / TS 1992 (Post installed Anchor Design)
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Product qualification Design
Design and product qualification Europe
European Committee for
Standardization (CEN)
CEN/TS 1992 4.x
Design of fastenings for
use in concrete
European Organization for
Technical Approval (EOTA)
European Technical Approval
(ETA)
b)
Application
European
Technical
Approval
Guideline (ETAG)
Common
Understanding of
Assessment
Procedures (CUAP)
Organization
Guideline
Code/Standard
Key
Approval
Eurocode 2
EN 1992
20 www.hilti.com.hk MOHK Anchor 2011
Agenda
Hilti in brief
Anchoring Technology
Code & Standard Development Worldwide
Anchor Product Testing
Hilti FTM 2011 & Profis Anchor Ver. 2.1.x (Work example)
Hilti Products / Application overview
21 www.hilti.com.hk MOHK Anchor 2011
Case Study: Scaldfolding Worker fall from 5/F
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Case Study: possibility of failure
Local made anchor, No tested data provided
- Claimed 20kN performance, actual load = 12kN or less
1. Wrong drill bit (Enlarge 0.5mm) (13mm vs inch)
- 4kN = 8kN
3. Did not remove plastering, embedment 20mm
- 3kN = 3kN
2. No Torque wrench
- 2kN =6kN
4. Shock load (Sudden fall..) + Aged concrete
End result = Anchor Complete Failure
23 www.hilti.com.hk MOHK Anchor 2011
Why using an Anchor with product certification?
1. ETAG Testing program
680+ samples tested with all possible condition!
Tested: Enlarged hole, half torque, over torque, sustained load, cracked
concrete, reinforcement contact, repeated load.
2. Hilti Design support
Engineering Team support on calculation, BD submission, technical
seminar
3. On site Installation Training
Professional installer training on site
24 www.hilti.com.hk MOHK Anchor 2011
Agenda
Hilti in brief
Anchoring Technology
Code & Standard Development Worldwide
Anchor Product Testing
Hilti FTM 2011 & Profis Anchor Ver. 2.1.x (Work example)
Hilti Products / Application overview
25 www.hilti.com.hk MOHK Anchor 2011
Hilti FTM Fastening Technology Manual
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How to Select Suitable Anchors ?
Base Material
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Product qualification Cracked Testing
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How to Select Suitable Anchors ?
Design Resistance VS Factored
Load
Design Resistance has FOS = 1.5
Rec. Load VS Unfactored Load
Rec. Load has FOS =3
Loading Magnitude
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Design according to your spacing, edge, based material
Detailed design Tension & Shear
Tension / Shear
(Lowest value)
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Combined Tension and Shear Capacity
Tension and Shear Capacity Curve
Shear Utilization
(%)
Tension
Utilization (%)
100
20
20 100
Anchor Combined
Load Capacity Curve
(CEN)
Max.combined
capacity: 120%
31 www.hilti.com.hk MOHK Anchor 2011
Agenda
Hilti in brief
Anchoring Technology
Code & Standard Development Worldwide
Anchor Product Testing
Hilti FTM 2011 & Profis Anchor Ver. 2.1.x (Work example)
Hilti Products / Application overview
32 www.hilti.com.hk MOHK Anchor 2011
HSA | HST stud anchor
HSA
HSA-R
HSA-F
HST
HST-R
HST-HCR
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HSA | HST setting operations
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Torque-controlled expansion anchor
HSA | HST quality checking and inspection
Head
marking
After
applying torque
Before
applying torque
Over
torqued
Standard
embedment
Incorrect
setting
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Typical Application Typical Application
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Injection grouting system
HIT RE500 injection adhesive
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Inside the mixer
HIT RE500 injection adhesive
Injection grouting system
A complete system with
short mixer, re-usable plastic holder and
dispensers
MD2500 for 500ml package
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HIT RE500 setting operations
Injection grouting system
4
x
HIS-N, HIS-RN
sleeves
[M8 - M20]
HAS, HAS-R
anchor rods
[M8 - M39]
Rebars
[ 8 - 40]
(not in Hilti sales
program)
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Typical Application:
Rebar Fixing, Tower crane fixing
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Typical Application 2, non-concrete fixing
Non-concrete
fastening /
Herritage Building
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Certificate of
Competency
4000+ certificate issued
since 2005
Certificate of competency
Installation Card
Training
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Safety & Productivity
Anchor bolt holds things
can also hold HUMAN LIVES !
Hilti lead the market through three key factors
Safe & Reliable
Product
R&D & ETAG
(most reputable approval)
Design it RIGHT
Design
Partnership
(professional design adv)
Install it RIGHT
Installation Card
(ensure execution)
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Q & A