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Tell-Tale Signs and Rectification If there are tell-tale signs (Figure 3), owners and management corporations
Tell-Tale Signs and Rectification
If there are tell-tale signs (Figure 3), owners and
management corporations should:
• Engage a Professional Engineer (PE) in
Civil/ Structural/ Geotechnical discipline to
inspect, assess and recommend
rectification measures.
The list of PE can be found at the
Professional Engineers Board website
www.peb.gov.sg
• Rectify the defects as recommended by the PE
• Rectify the defects as recommended by the PE Damaged slope surface protection (turfing/shotcrete/stone
• Rectify the defects as recommended by the PE Damaged slope surface protection (turfing/shotcrete/stone

Damaged slope surface protection (turfing/shotcrete/stone pitching) leads to soil erosion

Cracked or damaged slope surface Cracks appearing on the ground near to top edge of
Cracked or
damaged slope
surface
Cracks appearing on the
ground near to top edge
of slope
protection
Sunken
Choked up by
debris
ground/water
ponding
Water
ponding
Cracked or
Crack on earth
retaining wall
(rc/rubble/brick)
broken drain
Choked weephole
with no water
flowing out during
raining days
Tilt or misalignment
Tilt or misalignment
water flowing out during raining days Tilt or misalignment Cracks/eroded cement mortar/growing vegetation Up-heaving of

Cracks/eroded cement mortar/growing vegetation

misalignment Cracks/eroded cement mortar/growing vegetation Up-heaving of ground near to the toe of slope Figure 3:

Up-heaving of ground near to the toe of slope

Figure 3: Cross Section Showing Various Tell-Tale Signs

Building and Construction Authority 5 Maxwell Road #16-00 MND Complex Tower Block Singapore 069110 Tel:
Building and Construction Authority
5 Maxwell Road #16-00
MND Complex Tower Block
Singapore 069110
Tel: 1800 3425222 / Fax: 63254800
Email: bca_enquiry@bca.gov.sg

Safe Slope and Slope Protection Structures

(Regular Inspection and Maintenance)

Slope Protection Structures (Regular Inspection and Maintenance) For Building / Land Owners & Management Corporations

For Building / Land Owners & Management Corporations

Slope Protection Structures (Regular Inspection and Maintenance) For Building / Land Owners & Management Corporations

Slope Protection Structures

Slope protection structures help to stablise the slope and can last a lifetime in protecting surrounding properties from damage and people from injury if they are maintained in a good and functional condition at all times.

Slope protection system may comprise one or a combination of the following:

• Slope surface protection

• Slope protection structure (including reinforced concrete (RC) earth retaining wall, rubble / brick wall, bored-pile wall, diaphragm wall, tie- back wall made of RC or steel sheet pile, etc)

Figures 1 and 2 show the functions of various slope surface protection and a typical reinforced concrete (RC) earth retaining wall respectively.

Safeguarding your property from slope erosion or sliding To ensure that slope protection system functions
Safeguarding your property from
slope erosion or sliding
To ensure that slope protection system functions
properly, owners and management corporations
should:
• Be vigilant to look out for defects or
damages
• be proactive in regular inspection and
maintenance
• Rectify defects to prevent soil erosion and
water inflow during heavy rainfall that may
trigger slope and slope protection
structures, which have stood for many
years, to fail due to poor maintenance and
deterioration over time

Functions of Slope Surface Protection and Earth Retaining Wall

Surface drains to channel surface run-off water away from slope Turfing to protect the slope
Surface drains to
channel surface run-off
water away from slope
Turfing to protect the
slope surface from soil
erosion
Stone Pitching
Shotcrete
To prevent inflow of
water and protect
slope surface from soil
erosion
Weepholes to drain
out water so as not
to weaken the soil
strength

Figure 1. Various Types of Slope Surface Protection

Surface drain to channel away surface run-off water

Surface drain to channel away surface run-off water Stones wrapped with geotextile to drain and filter
Stones wrapped with geotextile to drain and filter ground water Water table level Subsoil pipe
Stones wrapped
with geotextile to
drain and filter
ground water
Water table level
Subsoil pipe to
drain away water
Lean concrete
Weephole to drain out
and lower water level
behind earth retaining
wall

Maintain level ground to prevent water ponding behind earth retaining wall

During raining days, rising water behind earth retaining wall would be drained out through weepholes to prevent extra water pressure exerting onto the wall

Figure 2. Typical Cross Section of RC Earth Retaining Wall