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Mentum Planet 5.

7
Core
Mentum Planet Public Training
MP501
1
Copyright 2014
InfoVista S.A. All rights reserved.
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Trademark Acknowledgement
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Last updated January 2014, MP501 Core
2
Introduction
About the Class
By the end of the course, you will learn how to use Mentum Planet
functionality to model your radio access network.
Mentum Planet 5 is a state-of the-art RF
planning software.
It allows you to create detailed models
of air interfaces with support for
advanced antenna systems. Also all
legacy systems are supported. From
HSPA+ to FDMA, all systems can be
modeled in the same project
3
Introduction
About the Class
The class is focused around the following activities:
Lecture
To describe technical information
To explain concepts
To introduce activities
Guided hands-on practice
To give you the opportunity to use Mentum
Planet to complete common tasks
To demonstrate the use of Mentum Planet
features and functionality
To provide suggestions for using Mentum Planet
effectively
4
Introduction
Participation Protocol
Set phones and pagers to vibrate mode
Check email only during scheduled breaks
Listen
Discuss ideas openly
Share at discussion time
Follow along with the instructor
5
Introduction
Mentum Planet Feature Set
LTE Downlink Data Rate Layer
Ready for the Evolution of 4G
6
Introduction
Mentum Planet Feature Set
Mentum
Planet
Advanced
Antenna
Systems
Multi-
Technology
Support
Indoor
Systems
Optimization
Solutions
Automatic
Network
Planning
Tool
Automatic
Propagation
Analysis
Tool
7
Introduction
Mentum Planet Feature Set
Complete solution throughout the whole network cycle
Planet
Core
Wi-Fi
WCDMA
GSM
LMR
Tetra
P25
Cdma2000
iDEN
WiMAX
LTE
LTE-A
Mentum Planet Technology Modules
8
Introduction
Mentum Planet 5 Feature Set
Mentum
Planet
Antenna
Editor Antenna
Algorithm
Editor
Site Editor
Link Configuration
Editor
Frame Editor Subscriber Editor
Environment
Editor
Tabular
Editor
Propagation
Model Editor
Understanding the Editors
9
Introduction
Start page
10
Introduction
Getting Help
From within Mentum Planet,
Choose Help Topics
11
Introduction
Getting Help
From any dialog box,
press F1
From within Mentum Planet,
Help Knowledge Base
12
From Start Page
Introduction
Workflow (MP501)
1
Gather information about site locations, antennas as well
as ensure you have a DTM and up-to-date clutter.
2
Ensure data is in a format supported by Mentum
Planet and import grids and surveys as required.
3
Define user preferences including default settings
and Data Manager profiles.
4
Create or open a project.
5
Define network settings.
6
Create groups and flags.
7
Configure and place sites. Create site templates.
8
Define propagation models.
9
Optionally, compare and analyze survey data.
10
Generate predictions.
11
Visualize in Bing Maps and export to Google Earth.
Extra
Heterogeneous Networks.
Datamanager Handling.
13
Projects
Opening
Choose File Open Project
Choose File Recent Project
Create a shortcut to the project
.planet file and double-click
Start Page
14
User Preferences
Customizing Mentum Planet
15
Project Settings
Configuring a Mentum Planet Project
16
Key Considerations
Project Settings
On the General tab, if you want to save project display settings, associate a
workspace (.wor) file with the Mentum Planet project.
On the Geodata tab, specify the geodata settings respecting the required
folder structure.
On the Coordinate System tab, ensure that the units are defined
appropriately and that you use units consistently across the project.
On the Folders tab, specify the Bin, Signal Strength, or Prediction View
folders on a central server if you want to save disk space locally.
On the Channels Models tab, specify the mobile speeds to be used
throughout the project
17
Key Considerations
Project Settings
On the Prediction Heights tab, specify height parameters to be used in
prediction generation. Enable the Used check box to display the defined
height in the Active Height list
On the Advanced Options tab, if you are using Data Manager, enable
sharing permissions. When a file type is shared (i.e., the check box is
enabled), the absolute path to the data is stored in Data Manager.
On the Custom List tab, create pre-defined lists that you can use when
adding custom attributes to project elements (such as a site, sector, or
antenna) on the Custom Data tab.
On the Custom Data tab, select the item for which you want to define a
custom data definition. The parameters you define for custom data
determines the requirements that dictate whether data entered is valid.
On the Network Perfomance Management tab, define network
performance platforms to retrieve sector load values. Then further visualize
Key Performance Indicators(KPI) for a specific day or time.
18
Project Settings
Configuring a Mentum Planet Project
Mentum Planet fully supports
User Mobility.
Mobile speed values are used
when you define subscriber
types in the Subscriber Settings
dialog box. Each usage type is
associated with a mobile speed.
Channel models are also used
when you define modulations in
the Network Settings dialog box.
The impact of the channel
model (i.e. of the mobile speed)
is greater at higher
modulations.
19
Project Settings
Configuring a Mentum Planet Project
20
Color Profiles
Creating and Applying
21
Network Settings
Defining
22
Network Settings
Defining
23
Network Settings
Cellular Layer
24
Network Settings
Neighbours
25
Site Editor
Defining Site and Sector Parameters
Handling of multiple base-stations of
the same technology at a single site
26
Site Editor
Defining Antenna System Settings
27
Site Editor
Defining Antenna System Settings
28
Antenna Editor
Antenna System Settings
29
Antenna Editor
Antenna System Settings
3D Visualization of antenna radiation pattern
30
Antennas
Adding to the Project
Copy the Planet Antenna File
(.paf/.pafx) to the Antennas folder
within your project
In the Project Explorer, in the
Project Data category, right-click the
Antenna File and choose Add.
31
Online Antenna Library
Downloading antenna files
Online antenna library
hosted by Mentum
Antenna query &
download tool included
with Mentum Planet
Mentum working with
antenna vendors to create
publicly available
catalogue of antenna
formats
Querying the Antenna Online Library
32
Site Editor
Defining Antenna System Settings Repeaters and DAS
Repeater support for all
technologies
Off the air and fiber-
connected repeaters
Support for Split Sectors
Quasi Omni-directional
antennas (special case of
split sectors)
Support for Distributed
Antenna Systems (DAS)
Site with added Repeater
33
Site Editor
Defining Site and Sector Parameters
34
Site Editor
Defining General Sector Parameters
35
Site Editor
Defining Groups and Flags
Downtown group (flags)
36
Site Editor
Defining Groups and Flags (cont)
Downtown group
Phase 1
(group)
37
Sector Query
Defining sector queries
38
Site Editor
Defining Sector Link Parameters
39
Site Editor
Defining Link Configurations
Cable (Feeder)
length is set at the
sector level
40
Link Configurations
Creating
41
Site Editor
Defining Sector Settings
42
Site Editor
Neighbor List
Neighbor List tab specifies the criteria for the active sector neighbor list. Each sector has
an active neighbor list. This list is updated when you apply a neighbor plan to the
network. In the graphical neighbor plan editor, you can now select which neighbors are to be
displayed on the map.
43
Sector Display Schemes
Creating and Applying
44
Site Templates
Creating
A green arrow indicates the site
template is active. It will be
used when placing new sites
Site template contains all the
parameters defined in the Site Editor
upon which it is based
45
Site creation
Sites can easily be created by importing site parameters
46
Tabular Editor
Modifying Data Globally
47
Tabular Editor
Modifying Data Globally
Versatile tabular-based editing capabilities
Filtering through Excel-like auto-filter or queries
Ability to perform bulk editing of values
Copy and paste to/from Excel
Validate constraints on-the-fly and provides tips when values out of range
48
Advanced Project Editing
Using the Import Export Wizard
49
Advanced Project Editing
Using the Import Export Wizard Checklist and Notes
1. Create/Use a template by exporting a dummy site to an excel file
2. Use the minimum number of worksheets for the initial import, i.e. Sites,
Antennas, Sectors, Sector_Antennas, Sector_Antennas_Ports
3. Use the correct format for the data in the columns/cells, i.e. numeric vs
text characters. The template will give you a hint. Be aware of limitations
in number of characters
4. Use default values from the template for to fill in for data that you do not
currently have.
5. If you wish to import flag data, create the flags and conditions in your
project first or import the flags in excel format.
6. Test with a few sites if it works before importing the whole data.
7. See the log file for warnings or error messages.
8. When importing data with antenna data, make sure the antenna files exist
in the project. If they are not in the project, mPlanet may substitute them
with a default antenna.
Site Planning
Using Site Sets
Local site set
Shared site
set. (copy)
Local subset
(copy)
51
Propagation Models
What is Model Tuning?
Adapting the parameters of a
propagation algorithm to
improve propagation modeling
accuracy
Measurements are used to
perform such task
Entirely automated using
Planet model tuning
capabilities
Operators can use different
strategies on how to tune
models
Each model has its own
unique parameters and
hence, unique tuner
-
Drive Test minus Prediction
+
Theoretically Ideal
Model
Tuned Model
Un-tuned
Model
0 dB
P
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c
e
n
t
a
g
e

o
f

D
r
i
v
e

T
e
s
t

P
o
i
n
t
s
52
Propagation Models
Classes of Models
Empirical models
Result from experimental measurements of path loss
Very fast, non tunable and of poor accuracy
Slope-based models with diffraction algorithms
Result from experimental measurements and mathematical modeling
expressions
Very fast, very tunable and of good accuracy
Require tuning and little re-use possible
Deterministic models
Result from development of propagation science
Slow, reasonably tunable and good accuracy
Highly re-usable
Hybrid models
They use several algorithms & techniques to achieve optimum accuracy
Highly accurate and tunable with reasonable performance
Highly re-usable
53
Propagation Models
Planet Models
Planet General Model (PGM)
A de-facto standard in the industry today
Multi-variable slope based model with local adjustment and
hence, highly tunable
Good macro-cellular accuracy, very fast and easy to use
Requires tuning and hence, offers limited re-usability potential
Ability to define whether clutter heights should be used for
inclination angles and/or for diffraction calculations
PRX= PTX + K1 + K2log(d) + K3log(Heff) + K4Diffraction
+ K5log(Heff)log(d) + K6Hmeff + KCLUTTER
54
Propagation Models
Planet Models (CRC Predict)
CRC-Predict
Deterministic model based on physical optics (Fresnel-Kirchhoff
theory), which is expressed in terms of the Huygens principle of optics
Used when both detailed and accurate terrain and clutter data are
available (10 30m resolution)
Good accuracy in macro-cellular environment
Highly re-usable and particularly good in green field environments
55
Propagation Models
Planet Models (CRC Predict continued)
CRC-Predict uses a marching algorithm
where the field values are calculated by the
vector sum of all the free space and reflected
pairs from each field point of the preceding
series
56
Propagation Models
Planet Models (PUM)
Planet Universal Model (PUM)
Versatile hybrid model with support for all environments (macro, mini,
micro), all frequencies and any geodata resolution
Unmatched accuracy in the industry
Highly tunable and highly re-usable
Support for
horizontal propagation modeling option for Geodata files defined in raster format
vegegation 3D models
Advanced feature set
Variable resolution support (input & output)
Works with raster and vector data
Offers standard and specialized masking for ACP support
Adaptive selection of appropriate algorithms based on the environment.
57
Propagation Models
Planet Universal model (continued)
58
Propagation Models
Planet Models
Planet General
Model
CRC-Predict Planet Universal
Model
Macro-cellular Excellent Excellent Excellent
Mini-cellular (Urban) Fair Fair Excellent
Micro-cellular (Urban) Fair Poor Excellent
No tuning Poor Good Good
Cluster tuning Good Good Excellent
Hyper-tuning (per sector model) Excellent Good Excellent
Mountainous areas Fair Good Excellent
Computation times Excellent Fair Good
Qualitative statements on accuracy & applicability of model under various different conditions
59
Propagation Models
Planet 3D Model (P3M)
P3M designed for urban
environment
But can be used everywhere,
including mountainous areas
where the receiver is higher
than the transmitter
It supports all Geodata
solutions (height, clutter,
clutter height, polygons)
Multi-resolution support (e.g.
height/clutter at 30m
resolution, and building
polygon data), with optional
dual-resolution calculation
P3M Model Editor Settings Tab
60
Propagation Models
Planet 3D Model (P3M)
Small Cell Prediction in Downtown Toronto, Canada
61
Propagation Models
Planet 3D Model (P3M)
P3M 3D Prediction with Isotropic Antenna: Increasing Signal as the Receiver Height Increases
62
Propagation Models
Creating
63
Propagation Signatures
Propagation Signatures represent the environment in
which propagation models are valid
They can be created from sectors or from surveys
(where the transmitter configuration is the
information that is used, not the measurements)
Transmitter
Configuration
Clutter Elevation
Clutter
Heights
Propagation
Signature
64
Propagation Signature Generator
65
Use of Propagation Signatures
Propagation
Signatures can be
used for faster and
more accurate
propagation model
assignments
Using sectors tuned in
the same market, or
tuned in another
market
Measurements
Market A
Tuned & Signed
Models
Market A
Model
Assignments
Markets A, B, etc.
66
Automatic Model Selection
Using the propagation
model signature,
Mentum Planet validates
the propagation model
assignment by comparing
the propagation
signature criteria with the
sector parameters and
recommending the best
propagation model.
67
Automatic Model selection
Click Select and Mentum
Planet will automatically
compute scores for all
propagation models that have
signatures in the project and
show the best propagation
model to be used.
Best propagation model for this sector is
PGM_Dense Urban_2650_MHz
68
Automatic Model selection
The Automatic Model selection can also be done for a group of sites by using the
Automatic Propagation Model Assignment tool.
69
Propagation Models
Tuning
Everybody believes in drive testing, except the guy who drive tests.
Nobody believes in predictions, expect the guy who generates them.
Combine both properly, and youll get the best of both worlds
70
Propagation Models
Tuning (methodologies)
Tuning Planet Models using drive test data
Same methodology for tuning all models
Unified interface for survey
loading/filtering
Advanced Filtering to best suit the needs
of the data and area
Powerful grid analysis tools to validate
produced models
71
Survey Data
Importing and Filtering
You can modify survey data to remove
anomalous points by:
Averaging the data
Filtering the data
Removing data from the Map window
Identifies valid surveys that have not been assigned to a sector.
Identifies valid surveys that have been assigned to a sector.
Identifies surveys that have invalid parameters or no antenna information. By adding
antenna information to surveys based on the sector properties, you can change an
invalid survey to a valid one.
72
Survey Data
Management
Survey statistical analysis
Survey display
and thematic
mapping
Survey statistical
analysis
Comparison
between surveys
and predictions
Mentum Planet offers a comprehensive
set of features to handle survey
measurements
73
Survey Data
Filtering and Averaging
Survey averaging Survey filtering
Mentum Planet allows for survey
manipulation for modification and
removal of unwanted points
74
Propagation Models
Tuning (engines)
75
Propagation Models
Tuning Report
76
Predictions
Validating
Compare to Modeled
Prediction functions
77
Predictions
Validating Propagation Model Analysis Tool
Propagation Model Analysis
78
Predictions
Validating Propagation Model Analysis Tool (Reports)
Propagation Model Analysis Clutter Report
Mean-RMS-Dev tab shown.
79
Predictions
Generating
Modeledare calculated
using the propagation
model assigned to the site
or sector.
Mergedare calculated
using unmasked survey data
and path loss values
converted from signal
strength readings.
80
Predictions
Generating (Drive Test/Prediction Merging)
Different names have been given to this concept: survey prediction tool,
measurement-based predictions, path-loss tuning, etc.
All techniques relate to the same solution
Use measurement data where its available
Use predictions where measurement data is not available
Use interpolation of both in-between
What you obtain in the end is a propagation prediction that is better than
both a regular prediction and measurement data
Typical accuracy levels you can reach are
0 dB if you use the same data to generate and evaluate!
Typically 3 to 5 dB RMS depending on the proportion of available drive test
data in the area
81
Predictions
Viewing
LTE Reference Signal
coverage
Total coverage
82
Predictions at multiple heights
Generate predictions at
multiple heights:
The result is also visualized
in Metro Designer:
LTE Data Rate at Different Heights
83
Mentum Metro Designer
Data visualization in 3D
Buildings
Predictions
Network analyses
Traffic maps
2D and 3D Views
Grid Query
Ability to interpolate grids
Metro Designer Buildings & Clutter
Downlink Data Rate at Different Heights
84
Integrated Bing Maps Visualization
Visualize a high-resolution satellite
photograph from Bing Maps just
as another MapInfo layer
Aerial and hybrid views are
available, as well as Bing Roads and
Open Street Map Roads
85
Integrated Bing Maps Visualization
Analysis layers can be displayed in translucent form on top of
the Bing Maps picture
86
Integrated Bing Maps Visualization
Open Street Map Roads view
Bing Roads view
87
Google Earth Export
No white background
around exported grids
Ability to export larger
grids
Ability to export
sector, repeater, and
antenna information
Google Earth Export
88
Automatic Site Placement
Automatic and fast creation of a cluster of
sites
Enables quick creation of large networks
for dimensioning and/or early planning
Can be used for greenfield deployments
and network expansions
Nation-wide network created using automatic site placement tool
89
Heterogeneous Networks
Heterogeneous Networks are
going to become very
common, with or without WiFi,
in order to address Traffic
demand
HetNet can be within a single
Radio Access Technology, with
different Cellular Layers (e.g.
macro, micro, femto cells)
HetNet can be with multiple
Radio Access Technologies
(e.g. Wi-Fi and LTE)
Heterogeneous Networks
90
Heterogeneous Networks
Different transmission powers for macro and
pico cells.
Option in Mentum Planet to define Cell
Selection Offsets for LTE and WCDMA
Impact on cell selection
The cell that serves a given UE is not
always the cell that offers the strongest
RSRP
91
HetNet modeling
Cellular Layer
Ability to define Cellular Layers e.g. Macro, Micro, Pico cells
92
HetNet Analyses
HetNet analyses
Multi-Radio Access Technology
coverage maps
Best DL and UL Achievable Data Rate
User-defined priorities for Multi-
Radio Access Technologies
93
Local Area Networks
Ability to define Local Area Networks
(LANs)
Mentum LANs
iBwave LANs
Local Area Networks can be accounted
for
In LTE Monte Carlo simulations
Traffic Offloading
In the Traffic Map generator
In HetNet analyses
Example of Local Area Networks in Toronto
94
HetNet Analyses Layers
Downlink & Uplink Best Serving
Network analysis layers
Multi-technology coverage
maps
Downlink & Uplink Maximum
Achievable Data Rate analysis
layers
Downlink Best Serving Network
95
Introduction
Defining a Data Manager Workflow
1
From the Data Manager Administrator, obtain the necessary User ID and password.
2
Connect to Data Manager and perform a Get to copy the project stored on the server to your local workstation.
3
In Data Manager, lock the sites and settings you will be modifying. This avoids others submitting changes while you
work on your area. To make this easier, create a filter by choosing View Filter.
4
Modify your local project as required. Ideally, you have been assigned a defined group or your area has been
identified using specific flags or a specific site set.
5
On a regular and fairly frequent basis, connect to Data Manager and choose Synchronize to copy any modifications
to the master Data Manager project to your local workstation and, simultaneously, to submit any changes your have
made locally to the Data Manager so they are available to other users.
6
Once you are satisfied with your project, you can upload modifications you have made locally to the Data Manager
by choosing Submit to Data Manager.
96
Data Management
Understanding the Data Manager
97
Functionalities
Used to store a copy of a Planet project
Users can get a copy of a Planet project from the DM
and run it separately
Multiple users can synchronize data from their local
project with the associated project in the DM
Understanding Administrative Tasks
Administrator Tasks
Sets the path for File Server
Selects which data can be stored/synchronized
Creates Log in IDs and passwords
Creates Groups and members of the groups
Creates Project placeholders
Sets access permissions to Projects on an individual
and Group level
Create Custom Fields
Manage Connections
Setting File Server Location
Users must have access to
this shared folder
Configuring Stored File Categories
Uncheck
Categories
that are not
to be
stored
Setting Up User IDs and Password
Creating Groups & Adding Members
Creating Projects in DM
Setting Project Permissions
Individual User Permission set to
Full Access to allow uploading for
the first time.
Group permission set to Read and
Write to allow other users to
download project
Creating Custom Fields
Managing Connection
Administrator may
disconnect a user
connected to the DM
Understanding Client Tasks
Connecting to the DM
Input Information and save
Launch DM
Submitting a Project to the DM
Select Project Placeholder
Check if you have Full
Access Permission
Check in/Submit project
Retrieving a Project from the DM
Check for Read Access Yes
Synchronizing Data
Synchronize data flows both ways
Update Planet data flows from DM to local project
Submit data flows from local project to DM
Locking/Unlocking Sites
User may lock sites
Information who locked site
Creating and Using Filters
Recommended Workflows
Please read document Recommended Workflows for Data Manager