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DESIGN OF STRUCTURE

Construction of ANGANWADI Building


Est.Cost.Rs.6.50 lakhs
DESIGN OF STRUCTURE
Construction of ANGANWADI Building
Est.Cost.Rs.6.50 lakhs
Design Parametres:-
Unit weight of RCC =
Concrete mix :
Steel :
Cover to Reinforcement :
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =
Yield strength of steel =
Item
S1(End Panel)--Two
adjacent edges
discontinuous
Length of slab panel l
y
in m 4.43
Width of slab panel l
x
in m 3.37
l
y
/l
x
1.31
Overall depth required in mm 105
Width of slab panel considered 'b' in
'm'
1.00
Depth provided 'D' in 'm' 0.115
Dia.of bars assumed 8mm
Dead load in KN/sqm 3.88
Live load in KN/sqm 2.50
Floor finishes in KN/sqm 0.70
Total Load in KN/sqm 7.08
Short span(-) moment coefficient at
continuous edge
0.091
Short span(-) moment at continuous
edge
7.31
Short span(+) moment coefficient at
mid span
0.069
Short span(+) moment at mid span 5.54
Long span(-) moment coefficient at
continuous edge
0.047
Long span(-) moment at continuous
edge
3.78
Long span(+) moment coefficient at
mid span
0.035
Long span(+) moment at mid span 2.81
Design Moment M
e1(-)ve
in KN-m 10.97
Effective depth for balanced section in
'mm'
63.04
Effective depth provided 'd' in 'mm' 86
Actual depth of neutral axis 'x
u
' in
'mm'
19.59
Maximum depth of neutral axis 'x
umax
'
in 'mm'
41.28
Area of steel required A
st
in 'mm
2
'
390.6
Main Steel provided at continuous
edge
8mm@125mm c/c
DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB:-
Slab panel Description
Area of steel provided in mm
2
401.92
Design Moment M
e1(+)ve
in KN-m 8.32
Effective depth for balanced section in
'mm'
54.89
Actual depth of neutral axis 'x
u
' in
'mm'
14.45
Maximum depth of neutral axis 'x
umax
'
in 'mm'
41.28
Area of steel required A
st
in 'mm
2
'
288.17
Main Steel provided at mid span 8mm@125mm c/c
Area of steel provided in mm
2
401.92
Design Moment M
e1(-)ve
in KN-m(Long
span)
5.66
Effective depth for balanced section in
'mm'
45.3
Actual depth of neutral axis 'x
u
' in
'mm'
9.6
Maximum depth of neutral axis 'x
umax
'
in 'mm'
41.28
Area of steel required A
st
in 'mm
2
'
191.41
Dist. Steel provided at continuous
edge
8mm@175mm c/c
Area of steel provided in mm
2
287.09
Dist.steel at mid span 8mm@175mm c/c
25KN/cum
M20
Fe415
25mm
20N/sqmm
415N/sqmm
DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB:-
Slab panel Description
Design Parametres:-
Concrete mix : M25
Steel : Fe415
Cover to Reinforcement : 40mm
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete = 20N/sqmm
Yield strength of steel = 415N/sqmm
Item
Piles--
P1(2,7,11,54,5,6)
Piles--
P2(1,3,8,12)
Max.Load 'P' in KN 384.8 249.14
Dia.of pile proposed in 'mm' 375 300
No.of Under Reams proposed 2 2
Dia.of under reamed in 'm' 0.91 0.75
Depth of the pile proposed in 'm' 3.75 3.50
Bearing capacity of the pile in KN 396.9 264.6
Main Reinforcement 5-12mm 4-12mm
Stirrups 8mm@300 c/c 8mm@300 c/c
(Note:-The above design is as per clauses 6.3, 6.3.1, 6.6 and 8.3.2.2 of IS 2911(PartIII)-1973 duly
reducing bearing resistence by 25% for submerged condition)
DESIGN OF PILES

Design Parametres:-
Footing designation = F2
Concrete mix M25
Steel Fe415
Cover to Reinforcement 50mm
Safe Bearing Capacity(From soil Report)= 98.00KN/sqm
Unit weight of RCC = 25.0KN/cum
Width of Column b = 0.23m
Depth of Column d = 0.30m
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete = 25.00N/sqmm
Yield strength of steel = 415.00N/sqmm
Load calculations:-
Factored Load on the column from analysis = 309.40KN
309.40KN
Add self weight of the footing&Weight 46.410KN
of back fill (15%)
Total Load = 355.81KN
Ultimate Bearing Capacity of the soil q
u
= 1.5xSBC = 147.00KN/sqm
Size of the footing required:-
Area of the footing required = 2.42Sqm
Provide square footing of size 1.60mx1.60m,the area comes to 2.56Sqm
Width = 1.60m
Depth = 1.60m
The net ultimate bearing pressure acting on the footing due to direct load = 138.99KN/sqm
Design moment = 1.98KN-m
Section Modulus for the above section = (1/6)xbd
2
= 0.68cum
Soil pressure due to moment = M/Z = 2.91KN/sqm
Max.Soil pressure = p
u
+ m
u
= 141.90KN/sqm
Hence O.K
Min.Soil pressure = p
u
- m
u
= 136.08KN/sqm
Hence O.K
Hence,the design soil pressure = 141.90KN/sqm
DESIGN OF FOOTINGS(1,3,7,8,11,12)
Depth of the footing required:-
i)Bending moment criteria:-
The critical section for bending is at the face of the column.Hence,the
Maximum factored bending moment = M
u
= 33.29KN-m
(Considering 1m width of footing)
Adopting Limit state method of design M
u
= 0.138 f
ck
bd
2
The effective depth of footing required = d = [M
u
/(0.138f
ck
b)]
0.5
= 98.23mm
Over all depth required assuming 12mm dia bars = = 154.23mm
However assume 250mm overall depth,then the effective depth comes to
The actual depth of neutral axis = 19.93mm
Area of steel required = 496.71sqmm
Assuming 12mm dia bars,the spacing comes to 228mm
Provide 12mm bars at a spacing of 200mm
Then the area of reinforcement provided = 565.20Sqm
Percentage of reinforcement provided = 0.291
ii)One way shear criteria:-
The critical section of one way shear is at a distance of 'd' from the face of the column
Hence,the factored design shear force V
Fd
= 69.67KN
Nominal shear stress T
v
= 0.359N/sqmm <2.8 N/sqmm
(As per Table 20 of 1S 456)
Hence,the section is safe from shear point of view
The percentage area of the tensile reinforcement provided = 0.291%
The design shear strength of concrete for the above steel percentage from
Table 19 of IS 456 is
0.380 N/sqmm Hence V
uc
= 73.72KN
0.380 >0.359
Hence,no shear reinforcement is required.
iii)Two way shear criteria:-
The critical section for two-way shear is along the perphery of the square at a
distance d/2 from the face of the column
Hence perimetre of the preriphery b
0
= 1836mm
Hence,the factored shear force V
Fd
= q
u
(B
2
-AB
2
)= 333.55KN
Nominal shear stress Tv = V
Fd
/b
0
d = 0.94 N/sqmm
Permissible shear stress in concrete for two-way shear for M20 grade concrete
T
c
' =k
s
. T
c
k
s
= (0.5+l/b)> 1
Hence k
s
= 1
T
c
= 0.25(f
ck
)
1/2
= 1.25 N/sqmm
Hence,Tc' = 1.25 N/sqmm
1.12 >0.940
Hence,the section provided is safe from two-way shear point of view
iv)Check for transfer of bearing stress:-
P
u
= 355.81KN
Compressive bearing resistance = 0.45 f
ck
(A
1
/A
2
)
1/2
.
For the column face A
1
/A
2
= 1 and for the other face A1/A2 > 2 but should be taken as 2.
In any case, the column face governs.Force transferred to the base through column
at the interface = 776.25KN >355.81KN
Hence O.K
There is no need to design separate dowel bars to tranfer the load to the base of the footing
<147.00KN/sqm
>0
DESIGN OF FOOTINGS(1,3,7,8,11,12)
194.00mm
There is no need to design separate dowel bars to tranfer the load to the base of the footing

Design Parametres:-
Footing designation = F1
Concrete mix M25
Steel Fe415
Cover to Reinforcement 50mm
Safe Bearing Capacity(From soil Report)= 98.00KN/sqm
Unit weight of RCC = 25.0KN/cum
Width of Column b = 0.23m
Depth of Column d = 0.30m
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete = 25.00N/sqmm
Yield strength of steel = 415.00N/sqmm
Load calculations:-
Factored Load on the column from analysis = 384.80KN
384.80KN
Add self weight of the footing&Weight 57.720KN
of back fill (15%)
Total Load = 442.52KN
Ultimate Bearing Capacity of the soil q
u
= 1.5xSBC = 147.00KN/sqm
Size of the footing required:-
Area of the footing required = 3.01Sqm
Provide square footing of size 1.80mx1.80m,the area comes to 3.24Sqm
Width = 1.80m
Depth = 1.80m
The net ultimate bearing pressure acting on the footing due to direct load = 136.58KN/sqm
Design moment = 1.98KN-m
Section Modulus for the above section = (1/6)xbd
2
= 0.97cum
Soil pressure due to moment = M/Z = 2.04KN/sqm
Max.Soil pressure = p
u
+ m
u
= 138.62KN/sqm
Hence O.K
Min.Soil pressure = p
u
- m
u
= 134.54KN/sqm
Hence O.K
Hence,the design soil pressure = 138.62KN/sqm
DESIGN OF FOOTINGS(2,54,5,6)
Depth of the footing required:-
i)Bending moment criteria:-
The critical section for bending is at the face of the column.Hence,the
Maximum factored bending moment = M
u
= 42.71KN-m
(Considering 1m width of footing)
Adopting Limit state method of design M
u
= 0.138 f
ck
bd
2
The effective depth of footing required = d = [M
u
/(0.138f
ck
b)]
0.5
= 111.26mm
Over all depth required assuming 12mm dia bars = = 167.26mm
However assume 300mm overall depth,then the effective depth comes to
The actual depth of neutral axis = 20.15mm
Area of steel required = 502.23sqmm
Assuming 12mm dia bars,the spacing comes to 225mm
Provide 12mm bars at a spacing of 175mm
Then the area of reinforcement provided = 645.94Sqm
Percentage of reinforcement provided = 0.265
ii)One way shear criteria:-
The critical section of one way shear is at a distance of 'd' from the face of the column
Hence,the factored design shear force V
Fd
= 74.99KN
Nominal shear stress T
v
= 0.307N/sqmm <2.8 N/sqmm
(As per Table 20 of 1S 456)
Hence,the section is safe from shear point of view
The percentage area of the tensile reinforcement provided = 0.265%
The design shear strength of concrete for the above steel percentage from
Table 19 of IS 456 is
0.367 N/sqmm Hence V
uc
= 89.55KN
0.367 >0.307
Hence,no shear reinforcement is required.
iii)Two way shear criteria:-
The critical section for two-way shear is along the perphery of the square at a
distance d/2 from the face of the column
Hence perimetre of the preriphery b
0
= 2036mm
Hence,the factored shear force V
Fd
= q
u
(B
2
-AB
2
)= 413.39KN
Nominal shear stress Tv = V
Fd
/b
0
d = 0.83 N/sqmm
Permissible shear stress in concrete for two-way shear for M20 grade concrete
T
c
' =k
s
. T
c
k
s
= (0.5+l/b)> 1
Hence k
s
= 1
T
c
= 0.25(f
ck
)
1/2
= 1.25 N/sqmm
Hence,Tc' = 1.25 N/sqmm
1.12 >0.830
Hence,the section provided is safe from two-way shear point of view
iv)Check for transfer of bearing stress:-
P
u
= 442.52KN
Compressive bearing resistance = 0.45 f
ck
(A
1
/A
2
)
1/2
.
For the column face A
1
/A
2
= 1 and for the other face A1/A2 > 2 but should be taken as 2.
In any case, the column face governs.Force transferred to the base through column
at the interface = 776.25KN >442.52KN
Hence O.K
There is no need to design separate dowel bars to tranfer the load to the base of the footing
<147.00KN/sqm
>0
DESIGN OF FOOTINGS(2,54,5,6)
244.00mm
There is no need to design separate dowel bars to tranfer the load to the base of the footing