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RCC Building design illustrated

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Est.Cost.Rs.6.50 lakhs

DESIGN OF STRUCTURE

Construction of ANGANWADI Building

Est.Cost.Rs.6.50 lakhs

Design Parametres:-

Unit weight of RCC =

Concrete mix :

Steel :

Cover to Reinforcement :

Characteristic compressive strength of concrete =

Yield strength of steel =

Item

S1(End Panel)--Two

adjacent edges

discontinuous

Length of slab panel l

y

in m 4.43

Width of slab panel l

x

in m 3.37

l

y

/l

x

1.31

Overall depth required in mm 105

Width of slab panel considered 'b' in

'm'

1.00

Depth provided 'D' in 'm' 0.115

Dia.of bars assumed 8mm

Dead load in KN/sqm 3.88

Live load in KN/sqm 2.50

Floor finishes in KN/sqm 0.70

Total Load in KN/sqm 7.08

Short span(-) moment coefficient at

continuous edge

0.091

Short span(-) moment at continuous

edge

7.31

Short span(+) moment coefficient at

mid span

0.069

Short span(+) moment at mid span 5.54

Long span(-) moment coefficient at

continuous edge

0.047

Long span(-) moment at continuous

edge

3.78

Long span(+) moment coefficient at

mid span

0.035

Long span(+) moment at mid span 2.81

Design Moment M

e1(-)ve

in KN-m 10.97

Effective depth for balanced section in

'mm'

63.04

Effective depth provided 'd' in 'mm' 86

Actual depth of neutral axis 'x

u

' in

'mm'

19.59

Maximum depth of neutral axis 'x

umax

'

in 'mm'

41.28

Area of steel required A

st

in 'mm

2

'

390.6

Main Steel provided at continuous

edge

8mm@125mm c/c

DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB:-

Slab panel Description

Area of steel provided in mm

2

401.92

Design Moment M

e1(+)ve

in KN-m 8.32

Effective depth for balanced section in

'mm'

54.89

Actual depth of neutral axis 'x

u

' in

'mm'

14.45

Maximum depth of neutral axis 'x

umax

'

in 'mm'

41.28

Area of steel required A

st

in 'mm

2

'

288.17

Main Steel provided at mid span 8mm@125mm c/c

Area of steel provided in mm

2

401.92

Design Moment M

e1(-)ve

in KN-m(Long

span)

5.66

Effective depth for balanced section in

'mm'

45.3

Actual depth of neutral axis 'x

u

' in

'mm'

9.6

Maximum depth of neutral axis 'x

umax

'

in 'mm'

41.28

Area of steel required A

st

in 'mm

2

'

191.41

Dist. Steel provided at continuous

edge

8mm@175mm c/c

Area of steel provided in mm

2

287.09

Dist.steel at mid span 8mm@175mm c/c

25KN/cum

M20

Fe415

25mm

20N/sqmm

415N/sqmm

DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB:-

Slab panel Description

Design Parametres:-

Concrete mix : M25

Steel : Fe415

Cover to Reinforcement : 40mm

Characteristic compressive strength of concrete = 20N/sqmm

Yield strength of steel = 415N/sqmm

Item

Piles--

P1(2,7,11,54,5,6)

Piles--

P2(1,3,8,12)

Max.Load 'P' in KN 384.8 249.14

Dia.of pile proposed in 'mm' 375 300

No.of Under Reams proposed 2 2

Dia.of under reamed in 'm' 0.91 0.75

Depth of the pile proposed in 'm' 3.75 3.50

Bearing capacity of the pile in KN 396.9 264.6

Main Reinforcement 5-12mm 4-12mm

Stirrups 8mm@300 c/c 8mm@300 c/c

(Note:-The above design is as per clauses 6.3, 6.3.1, 6.6 and 8.3.2.2 of IS 2911(PartIII)-1973 duly

reducing bearing resistence by 25% for submerged condition)

DESIGN OF PILES

Design Parametres:-

Footing designation = F2

Concrete mix M25

Steel Fe415

Cover to Reinforcement 50mm

Safe Bearing Capacity(From soil Report)= 98.00KN/sqm

Unit weight of RCC = 25.0KN/cum

Width of Column b = 0.23m

Depth of Column d = 0.30m

Characteristic compressive strength of concrete = 25.00N/sqmm

Yield strength of steel = 415.00N/sqmm

Load calculations:-

Factored Load on the column from analysis = 309.40KN

309.40KN

Add self weight of the footing&Weight 46.410KN

of back fill (15%)

Total Load = 355.81KN

Ultimate Bearing Capacity of the soil q

u

= 1.5xSBC = 147.00KN/sqm

Size of the footing required:-

Area of the footing required = 2.42Sqm

Provide square footing of size 1.60mx1.60m,the area comes to 2.56Sqm

Width = 1.60m

Depth = 1.60m

The net ultimate bearing pressure acting on the footing due to direct load = 138.99KN/sqm

Design moment = 1.98KN-m

Section Modulus for the above section = (1/6)xbd

2

= 0.68cum

Soil pressure due to moment = M/Z = 2.91KN/sqm

Max.Soil pressure = p

u

+ m

u

= 141.90KN/sqm

Hence O.K

Min.Soil pressure = p

u

- m

u

= 136.08KN/sqm

Hence O.K

Hence,the design soil pressure = 141.90KN/sqm

DESIGN OF FOOTINGS(1,3,7,8,11,12)

Depth of the footing required:-

i)Bending moment criteria:-

The critical section for bending is at the face of the column.Hence,the

Maximum factored bending moment = M

u

= 33.29KN-m

(Considering 1m width of footing)

Adopting Limit state method of design M

u

= 0.138 f

ck

bd

2

The effective depth of footing required = d = [M

u

/(0.138f

ck

b)]

0.5

= 98.23mm

Over all depth required assuming 12mm dia bars = = 154.23mm

However assume 250mm overall depth,then the effective depth comes to

The actual depth of neutral axis = 19.93mm

Area of steel required = 496.71sqmm

Assuming 12mm dia bars,the spacing comes to 228mm

Provide 12mm bars at a spacing of 200mm

Then the area of reinforcement provided = 565.20Sqm

Percentage of reinforcement provided = 0.291

ii)One way shear criteria:-

The critical section of one way shear is at a distance of 'd' from the face of the column

Hence,the factored design shear force V

Fd

= 69.67KN

Nominal shear stress T

v

= 0.359N/sqmm <2.8 N/sqmm

(As per Table 20 of 1S 456)

Hence,the section is safe from shear point of view

The percentage area of the tensile reinforcement provided = 0.291%

The design shear strength of concrete for the above steel percentage from

Table 19 of IS 456 is

0.380 N/sqmm Hence V

uc

= 73.72KN

0.380 >0.359

Hence,no shear reinforcement is required.

iii)Two way shear criteria:-

The critical section for two-way shear is along the perphery of the square at a

distance d/2 from the face of the column

Hence perimetre of the preriphery b

0

= 1836mm

Hence,the factored shear force V

Fd

= q

u

(B

2

-AB

2

)= 333.55KN

Nominal shear stress Tv = V

Fd

/b

0

d = 0.94 N/sqmm

Permissible shear stress in concrete for two-way shear for M20 grade concrete

T

c

' =k

s

. T

c

k

s

= (0.5+l/b)> 1

Hence k

s

= 1

T

c

= 0.25(f

ck

)

1/2

= 1.25 N/sqmm

Hence,Tc' = 1.25 N/sqmm

1.12 >0.940

Hence,the section provided is safe from two-way shear point of view

iv)Check for transfer of bearing stress:-

P

u

= 355.81KN

Compressive bearing resistance = 0.45 f

ck

(A

1

/A

2

)

1/2

.

For the column face A

1

/A

2

= 1 and for the other face A1/A2 > 2 but should be taken as 2.

In any case, the column face governs.Force transferred to the base through column

at the interface = 776.25KN >355.81KN

Hence O.K

There is no need to design separate dowel bars to tranfer the load to the base of the footing

<147.00KN/sqm

>0

DESIGN OF FOOTINGS(1,3,7,8,11,12)

194.00mm

There is no need to design separate dowel bars to tranfer the load to the base of the footing

Design Parametres:-

Footing designation = F1

Concrete mix M25

Steel Fe415

Cover to Reinforcement 50mm

Safe Bearing Capacity(From soil Report)= 98.00KN/sqm

Unit weight of RCC = 25.0KN/cum

Width of Column b = 0.23m

Depth of Column d = 0.30m

Characteristic compressive strength of concrete = 25.00N/sqmm

Yield strength of steel = 415.00N/sqmm

Load calculations:-

Factored Load on the column from analysis = 384.80KN

384.80KN

Add self weight of the footing&Weight 57.720KN

of back fill (15%)

Total Load = 442.52KN

Ultimate Bearing Capacity of the soil q

u

= 1.5xSBC = 147.00KN/sqm

Size of the footing required:-

Area of the footing required = 3.01Sqm

Provide square footing of size 1.80mx1.80m,the area comes to 3.24Sqm

Width = 1.80m

Depth = 1.80m

The net ultimate bearing pressure acting on the footing due to direct load = 136.58KN/sqm

Design moment = 1.98KN-m

Section Modulus for the above section = (1/6)xbd

2

= 0.97cum

Soil pressure due to moment = M/Z = 2.04KN/sqm

Max.Soil pressure = p

u

+ m

u

= 138.62KN/sqm

Hence O.K

Min.Soil pressure = p

u

- m

u

= 134.54KN/sqm

Hence O.K

Hence,the design soil pressure = 138.62KN/sqm

DESIGN OF FOOTINGS(2,54,5,6)

Depth of the footing required:-

i)Bending moment criteria:-

The critical section for bending is at the face of the column.Hence,the

Maximum factored bending moment = M

u

= 42.71KN-m

(Considering 1m width of footing)

Adopting Limit state method of design M

u

= 0.138 f

ck

bd

2

The effective depth of footing required = d = [M

u

/(0.138f

ck

b)]

0.5

= 111.26mm

Over all depth required assuming 12mm dia bars = = 167.26mm

However assume 300mm overall depth,then the effective depth comes to

The actual depth of neutral axis = 20.15mm

Area of steel required = 502.23sqmm

Assuming 12mm dia bars,the spacing comes to 225mm

Provide 12mm bars at a spacing of 175mm

Then the area of reinforcement provided = 645.94Sqm

Percentage of reinforcement provided = 0.265

ii)One way shear criteria:-

The critical section of one way shear is at a distance of 'd' from the face of the column

Hence,the factored design shear force V

Fd

= 74.99KN

Nominal shear stress T

v

= 0.307N/sqmm <2.8 N/sqmm

(As per Table 20 of 1S 456)

Hence,the section is safe from shear point of view

The percentage area of the tensile reinforcement provided = 0.265%

The design shear strength of concrete for the above steel percentage from

Table 19 of IS 456 is

0.367 N/sqmm Hence V

uc

= 89.55KN

0.367 >0.307

Hence,no shear reinforcement is required.

iii)Two way shear criteria:-

The critical section for two-way shear is along the perphery of the square at a

distance d/2 from the face of the column

Hence perimetre of the preriphery b

0

= 2036mm

Hence,the factored shear force V

Fd

= q

u

(B

2

-AB

2

)= 413.39KN

Nominal shear stress Tv = V

Fd

/b

0

d = 0.83 N/sqmm

Permissible shear stress in concrete for two-way shear for M20 grade concrete

T

c

' =k

s

. T

c

k

s

= (0.5+l/b)> 1

Hence k

s

= 1

T

c

= 0.25(f

ck

)

1/2

= 1.25 N/sqmm

Hence,Tc' = 1.25 N/sqmm

1.12 >0.830

Hence,the section provided is safe from two-way shear point of view

iv)Check for transfer of bearing stress:-

P

u

= 442.52KN

Compressive bearing resistance = 0.45 f

ck

(A

1

/A

2

)

1/2

.

For the column face A

1

/A

2

= 1 and for the other face A1/A2 > 2 but should be taken as 2.

In any case, the column face governs.Force transferred to the base through column

at the interface = 776.25KN >442.52KN

Hence O.K

There is no need to design separate dowel bars to tranfer the load to the base of the footing

<147.00KN/sqm

>0

DESIGN OF FOOTINGS(2,54,5,6)

244.00mm

There is no need to design separate dowel bars to tranfer the load to the base of the footing

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