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EXPERIMENT 4 : DISC BOWL CENTRIFUGE

Experiment 1A: Investigate the Effect of Frequency on Centrifuge Separation


Prepare 1 L of Solution A (100% water) and determine its density.
Prepare 1 L of Solution B (100% oil) and determine its density. Record down all the
readings.
Mix both solutions into a 2 L beaker and determine the density
Place two 1 L beakers to the liquid collecting outlets. Label the beaker as top
sample and bottom sample
Switch ON the apparatus. Press the 'Run' green button on the frequency inverter.
Set the frequency to roughly 15 Hz.
Allow the apparatus to run for 3 minutes. Record down the speed of the bowl.
Pour the mixed solution into the mixing tank
Keep an deye on the liquid collecting outlets. Stop the appratus when there is no
liquid coming out from the outlets.
Collect sample from each of the 1L beaker. Determine the density of the collected
solution
Compare the density with initial solution density.
Repeat with 20 Hz, 25 Hz and 30 Hz.
Experiment 1B: Investigate the Effect of Density on Centrifuge Separation
Prepare 1 L of Solution A (100% water) and determine its density.
Prepare 0.5 L of Solution B (50% oil) and determine its density. Record down all the
readings.
Mix both solutions into a 2 L beaker and determine the density
Place two 1 L beakers to the liquid collecting outlets. Label the beaker as top
sample and bottom sample
Switch ON the apparatus. Press the 'Run' green button on the frequency inverter.
Set the frequency to roughly 15 Hz.
Allow the apparatus to run for 3 minutes. Record down the speed of the bowl.
Pour the mixed solution into the mixing tank
Keep an deye on the liquid collecting outlets. Stop the appratus when there is no
liquid coming out from the outlets.
Collect sample from each of the 1L beaker. Determine the density of the collected
solution
Compare the density with initial solution density.
Repeat with using 1.2 L of A with 0.4 L of B and repeat again for 0.5 L of A with 1 L
of B
Clean and wash mixing tank, disc bowl and collecting tray.
Experiment 2: Density Determination
Take the measuring cylinder and measure its mass, in grams as
accurately as possible.
Take the measuring cylinder off the balance and add the water
carefully, either by careful pouring or with a pipette until the level
is as close to the 10 ml mark as possible. Put the measuring
cylinder back on the balance. Measure and record the new mass
(cylinder plus water), in grams.
Repeat the procedure, adding 10 ml at a time as accurately as possible and
recording the volume and total mass, until the measuring cylinder is full. Then,
for each volume calculate the mass of the liquid alone.
Repeat steps for the oil
Draw a graph of mass of liquid (y-axis) against volume (x-axis).
For each set of data try and draw a straight best fit line
passing through the origin. Calculate the density of each liquid
from the gradient of its graph line.