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PRE-COMMISSIONING TESTS REPORT

FOR


A PROPOSED 1 X 15MVA, 33/11KV
INJECTION SUBSTATION A IN LAGOS, NIGERIA

BY
ENGR . C. ENEH





PRE-COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT ON 1X15MVA,33/11KV INJECTION
SUBSTATION A.
1.0 POWER TRANSFORMER REPORT
1.1 Transformer Particular
Location: Lagos injection substation A
Serial No: 12 35 206
Make: Power system technology ltd
Rating: 15MVA
Ratio: 33000/11000 V
Impedance: 10.12%
Vector: Dyn 1
Primary current (Ip): 262.4Amps
Secondary current (Is): 787.3Amps
Year: 12 - 5

1.2 INSPECTION, CHECKS AND OPERATIONS
S/N Description Ok

Not
ok
Not
Applicable
1 Oil Sample from bottom of main tank Ok
2 Oil Sample from top of main tank Ok
3 Oil Sample from OLTC Ok
4 Oil Level in the Conservator Tank Ok
5 Oil Level in the On Load Tap Changer Ok
6 Buchholz Relay/OSR valves are open Ok
7 Transport Lock in Buchholtz Relay removed Ok
8 Colour of Silica Gels in Main Tank Breather Ok
9 Colour of Silica Gels in OLTC Breather Ok
10 Oil cup of Main Tank Breather is filled and up to level
mark
Ok
11 Oil cup of OLTC Breather is filled and up to level mark Ok
12 Sealing Cap of Main Tank Breather is removed Ok
13 Sealing Cap of OLTC Breather is removed Ok
14 All Radiator shut off valves (Top and Bottom) are open Ok
15 All sampling, drain and filtration valves are closed Ok
16 There is no oil leakage from any gasket/weld joint Ok
17 Explosion vent diaphragms are intact and there is no oil
explosion vent
Ok
18 Oil is filled in OTI/WTI pockets Ok
19 Air Released from:
a. All Bushings
b. All Bushing Pockets
c. Buchholz Relay and OSR
d. Main Tank Cover
e. All Radiators
f. Main Tank
g. OLTC
h. Conservator

Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok
Ok

20 OLTC/ Off Circuit Tap Switch is in the desired position Ok
21 Tank Earthing is firmly connected Ok
22 Neutral Bushing Earthing is connected Ok
23 CT secondary terminals if not used are shorted and
earthed
Ok
24 Alarm and Trip contacts of all instruments are set Ok
25 Cable Glands as appropriate are used and secured Ok
26 33kV and 11kV line connections are duly tightened Ok
27 Remote and Local Operation of the Tap Changer Ok

1.3 LIST OF VALVES & SERVICE POSITION
S/N Description Service position
1 Drain valve for Main Tank (Top & Bottom) Shut
2 Filter Valve for Main Tank (Top & Bottom) Shut
3 Sampling Valve for Main Tank (Top & Bottom) Shut
4 Drain Valve for OLTC Shut
5 Conservator Drain Valve Shut
6 OLTC conservator drain valve Shut
7 Radiator Valve Open
8 Buchholz Relay Valve Open
9 Oil Surge Relay Valve Open
10 Breathing Valve Open

1.4 TRANSFORMER INSULATION TEST 5KV MEGGER
SIDE Measured value Duration Remark
HV - E 3.34G 60secs o.k
LV E 3.8G 60secs o.k
HV - LV 4.23G 60secs o.k
REMARKS: okay.

1.5 RATIO TEST THREE PHASE RATIOMETER
TAP TRat VRat I (mA) P () (%)
1
5.4535 3.1486 2.3 -0.03 -0.04
5.4539 3.1488 1.8 -0.02 -0.04
5.4553 3.1496 3.4 -0.03 -0.01
3
5.1954 2.9995 2.5 -0.02 -0.02
5.1957 2.9997 2.0 -0.03 -0.01
5.1969 3.0004 3.7 -0.03 0.01
5
4.9382 2.8511 2.7 -0.02 2.60
4.9384 2.8512 2.2 -0.02 2.61
4.9395 2.8518 4.1 -0.02 2.63
REMARKS: okay.
1.6 SINGLE PHASE RATIO TEST

RY YB BR ry yb br rn yn bn
RY 227.5 115.1 99.4 66.6 64.3 0.6 22.7 43.7 21.2
YB 178.4 226.1 41.6 29.8 81.2 50.6 7.1 35.8 43.8
BR 180.1 39.0 225.2 79.5 29.1 50.7 43.5 34.8 7.9

REMARKS: okay.
1.7 CONTINUITY AND WINDING RESISTANCE TEST
High voltage side Low voltage side
Phases Resistance
()
phases Resistance
()
phases Resistance
()
R - Y 0.04 r y 0.04 r N 0.04
Y B 0.04 y b 0.04 y N 0.04
B - R 0.04 b - r 0.04 b - N 0.04

REMARKS: okay.

1.8 SINGLE PHASE SHORT CIRCUIT TEST

R Y B r Y B n
14.3 23.9 48.1 24.1 0.1
14.3 24.2 23.9 48.2 0.2
14.2 48.0 24.4 24.1 0.2

REMARKS: okay.
1.9 FUNCTIONING TEST ON TRANSFORMER PROTECTION
1.9.1 BUCCHOLZ
ALARM - O.K
TRIP - O.K
1.9.2 OIL TEMPERATURE
ALARM - O.K
TRIP - O.K
1.9.3 WINDING TEMPERATURE
ALARM - O.K
TRIP - O.K

1.9.4 PRV
TRIP - O.K
REMARKS: okay.

2.0 PRESSURE TEST RESULT ON 11KV CABLE TO INCOMER PANEL
TERMINAL INJECTED VOLTAGE LEAKAGE CURRENT REMARK
R - E 25KV 0.05mA o.k
Y - E 25KV 0.02mA o.k
B - E 25KV 0.04mA o.k

3.0 PRESSURE TEST RESULT ON 33KV CONDUCTOR WITH THE ISOLATORS AND
OUTDOOR BREAKER IN CLOSED POSITION

R - 55KV = 0.06mA for 120secs
Y - 55KV = 0.03mA for 120secs
B - 55KV = 0.04mA for 120secs
REMARKS: okay.

4.0 EARTH RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT
i) Transformer Body = 4.3
ii) Lightning Arrester = 0.7
iii) Transformer Isolator = 36.5
iv) Transformer Current Transformer = 0.7
v) Transformer Circuit Breaker = 36.6
vi) Bus Isolator 1 = 0.26
vii) Bus bar = 0.35
viii) Bus bar Circuit Breaker = overload
ix) Bus Isolator 2 = 0.23
x) Bus Current Transformer = 0.96
xi) Line Current Transformer = 0.96
xii) Line Circuit Breaker = 30.3
xiii) Line Circuit Breaker Isolator = 26.5
xiv) Voltage Transformer = overload
Average = 9.88
Earth resistance value of the station transformer = 0.34
REMARKS: fail.
5.0 33KV TRANSFORMER VACUUM CIRCUIT BREAKER TEST REPORT
5.1 INSPECTION, CHECKS AND OPERATIONS

S/No. Description Remark
1 Manual Opening of Transformer Breaker from Local Position Ok
2 Manual Closing of Transformer Breaker from Local Position Ok
3 Auto opening of Transformer Breaker from Remote Position Ok
4 Auto Closing of Transformer Breaker from Remote Position Ok
5 Pressure of SF
6
Gas in Transformer Breaker Ok
6 Spring Charging Mechanism of Transformer Breaker Ok


POLARITY TEST - O.K
CB FUNCTION TEST - O.K
CLOSE & TRIP FUNCTION TEST - O.K
CONDITION OF THE INDICATION - O.K
LOCAL & REMOTE MODE TEST - O.K
CONDITION OF THE SPRING CHARGING MOTOR - O.K
REMARKS: okay.

6.0 33KV CURRENT TRANSFORMERS TEST REPORT
6.1 33KV TRANSFORMER SIDE: CT1 - RATIO TEST ( 400/200-1A) used 400A
(A) INSPECTION RESULTS
S/No. Description Remark
1 Oil Level in Transformer Current Transformers OK
2 No oil Leakage from Transformer Current Transformers YES

(B) PRIMARY INJECTION TEST RESULTS

PHASE
PRIMARY INJECTED
CURRENT (A)
SECONDARY MEASURED
CURRENT (A)
R 100 0.24
Y 100 0.25
B 100 0.24

REMARKS: okay.

6.2 33KV BUS COUPLER SIDE: CT2 : RATIO TEST ( 400/200 - 1A) - used 400A
(A) INSPECTION RESULTS
S/No. Description Remark
1 Oil Level in Bus Coupler Current Transformers OK
2 No oil Leakage from Bus Coupler Current Transformer YES


(B) PRIMARY INJECTION TEST RESULTS
PHASE
PRIMARY INJECTED
CURRENT (A)
SECONDARY MEASURED
CURRENT (A)
R 100 0.24
Y 100 0.25
B 100 0.24

REMARKS: okay.

7.0 33KV COUPLER VACUUM CIRCUIT BREAKER TEST REPORT
7.1 INSPECTION AND FUNCTIONAL TEST RESULTS

S/No. Description Remark
1 Manual Opening of Bus Coupler Breaker from Local Position OK
2 Manual Closing of Bus Coupler Breaker from Local Position Ok
3 Auto opening of Bus Coupler Breaker from Remote Position Ok
4 Auto Closing of Bus Coupler Breaker from Remote Position Ok
9 Pressure of SF
6
Gas in Bus Coupler Breaker Ok
11 Spring Charging Mechanism of Bus Coupler Breaker Ok

POLARITY TEST - O.K
CB FUNCTION TEST - O.K
CLOSE & TRIP FUNCTION TEST - O.K
CONDITION OF THE INDICATION - O.K
LOCAL & REMOTE MODE TEST - O.K
CONDITION OF THE SPRING CHARGING MOTOR - O.K
REMARKS: okay.
8.0 11KV CURRENT TRANSFORMERS TEST REPORT

8.1 INCOMER : RATIO TEST (800/400 - 5A) used 800A
PHASE
PRIMARY INJECTED CURRENT
(A)
SECONDARY MEASURED
CURRENT (A)
R 100 0.625
Y 100 0.622
B 100 0.621

REMARKS: okay.

8.1 RATIO TEST (400/200 - 5A) used 400A
PHASE
PRIMARY INJECTED CURRENT
(A)
SECONDARY MEASURED
CURRENT (A)
R 100 1.25
Y 100 1.25
B 100 1.25

REMARKS: okay.

9.0 PROTECTION TRIP TEST REPORT
LOCATION: 11KV OUTGOINGS
POLARITY TEST - O.K
VCB FUNCTION TEST - O.K
MANUAL CLOSE & TRIP FUNCTION TEST - O.K
REMOTE CLOSE & TRIP FUNCTION TEST - O.K
CONDITION OF THE INDICATIONS - O.K
RACK-IN & RACK-OUT TEST - O.K
METERING DISPLAY - O.K
CONDITION OF THE SPRING CHARGING MOTOR - O.K
REMARKS: okay.



10.0 ISOLATORS TEST REPORT

10.1 INSPECTION, CHECKS AND OPERATIONS

S/No. Description Remark
1 Opening of Bus Isolators OK
2 Closing of Bus Isolators OK
3 Opening of Transformer Isolators OK
4 Closing of Transformer Isolators 0K

ISOLATOR BEFORE TRANSFORMER VCB

OPEN AND CLOSE CONDITION - OKAY
BUS ISOLATOR

OPEN AND CLOSE CONDITION - OKAY

ISOLATOR AFTER BUS-COUPLER VCB

OPEN AND CLOSE CONDITION - OKAY
ISOLATOR BEFORE BUS-COUPLER VCB

OPEN AND CLOSE CONDITION - OKAY
REMARKS: okay.

11.0 TRANSFORMER OIL TEST REPORT
1 (KV) 2 (KV) 3 (KV) 4 (KV) 5 (KV) 6 (KV) Total
(KV)
Average (KV)
60 60 60 60 60 60 360 60

REMARKS: okay.




12.0 OPERATIONAL AND RELAY TEST REPORTS
12.1 TRANSFORMER VACUUM CIRCUIT BREAKER
S/No. Description Remark
1 Manual Closing Ok
2 Remote Closing Ok
3 Manual Tripping Ok
4 Remote Tripping Ok
5 Tripping Through Relay Ok
6 Inter-locking Ok
7 Remarks / observation
Annunciation Alarm Ok or Not
Ok

REMARKS: okay.
12.2 11KV INCOMER CIRCUIT BREAKER

S/No. Description Remark
1 Manual Closing Ok
2 Remote Closing Ok
3 Manual Tripping Ok
4 Remote Tripping Ok
5 Tripping Through Relay Ok
6 Inter-locking Ok
7 Remarks / observation
Annunciation Alarm Ok or Not
Ok

REMARKS: okay.

12.3 11KV OUTGOING 1 CIRCUIT BREAKER
S/No. Description Remark
1 Manual Closing Ok
2 Remote Closing Ok
3 Manual Tripping Ok
4 Remote Tripping Ok
5 Tripping Through Relay Ok
6 Inter-locking Ok
7 Remarks / observation
Annunciation Alarm Ok or Not
Ok

REMARKS: okay.

12.4 11KV OUTGOING 2 CIRCUIT BREAKER
S/No. Description Remark
1 Manual Closing Ok
2 Remote Closing Ok
3 Manual Tripping Ok
4 Remote Tripping Ok
5 Tripping Through Relay Ok
6 Inter-locking Ok
7 Remarks / observation
Annunciation Alarm Ok or Not
Ok

REMARKS: okay.

12.5 11KV PANELS FINAL RELAY SETTINGS
S/No. NAME OF FEEDERS PHASE SETTING
(%)
TIME SETTING
(seconds)
1 INCOMER R
Y
B
60
60
60
0.1
0.1
0.1
2 OUTGOING 1 R
Y
B
75
75
75
0.05
0.05
0.05
3 OUTGOING 2 R
Y
B
75
75
75
0.05
0.05
0.05

REMARKS: okay.
12.6 11KV PANELS SECONDARY INJECTION TEST (RELAY CHARACTERISTIC
CHECKS)

S/No. NAME OF
FEEDERS
TYPE
OF
RELAY
PHASE PICK UP
CURRENT
(A)
INJECTED
CURRENT
(A)
FLAG
OPERATION
OBSERVATION:
whether
breaker tripped
or not alarm
indication
1 INCOMER
ABB
Red
Yellow
Blue
4.2
4.1
4.2
5
5
5
Ok
Ok
Ok
Tripped
Tripped
Tripped
2 OUTGOING 1 Red
Yellow
Blue
4.1
4.2
4.1
5
5
5
Ok
Ok
Ok
Tripped
Tripped
Tripped
3 OUTGOING 2 Red
Yellow
Blue
4.2
4.2
4.2
5
5
5
Ok
Ok
Ok
Tripped
Tripped
Tripped

REMARKS: okay.












13.0 STATION SUPPLY TRANSFORMER TEST REPORT
13.1 TRANSFORMER PARTICULAR

Serial No: S 700/33
Make: NIPP
Rating: 200KVA
Ratio: 33000/415KV
Impedance: 4.21%
Vector: Dyn 11
Ip: 3.49Amps
Is: 278.2Amps
Year: 2008

13.2 INSULATION TEST

HV G = 2.0G
LV G = 689.5M
HV LV = 389.9M

13.3 SINGLE PHASE RATIO TEST

RY YB BR ry yb br rn yn bn
RY 234.5 57.1 19.5 2.5 0.7 2.1 1.4 1.2 0.4
YB 39.7 236.3 51.4 1.9 1.7 0.1 0.4 1.4 0.9
BR 17.5 60.5 235.8 0.8 2.3 1.2 0.5 1.2 1.5



13.4 SHORT CIRCUIT TEST
R Y B r y b n
0.2 35.5 16.4 16.4 0.7
0.2 16.4 33.6 16.4 0.3
0.2 16.8 16.0 32.5 0.3

13.5 EXCITATION
r n = 3.9A
y n = 1.7A
b n = 3.8A

REMARKS: The transformer was tested okay.



14.0 ADDITIONAL REMARKS

(a) Wiring checks were carried out on the panels and confirmed okay.
(b) All fuses and MCBS in the panels were checked okay.
(c) 110VDC and 230VAC were supplied to the panels to confirm the indications and alarms
on the panels e.g spring charging, breaker off etc. The motor was also spring charging
electrically.
(d) Close and open operation of the breaker was carried out both electrically and
mechanically.
(e) The protection relays on all the circuits checked okay.

15.0 CONCLUSION:

The results of all various tests carried out on the equipment stated therein, are clearly in
conformity with the acceptable international standards and therefore recommend for the
tie-in of the substation to the national grid.

THANK YOU.