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# SCIENCE QUIZZES SOLUTION SETS

GENERAL SCIENCE
1) C. force and distance
Work is equal to force times distance (displacement). W=fxd
2) A. salt water is heavier than water.
ensit! is directl! proportional to mass. = "#v
\$) %. &inetic ener'! is ener'! in motion.
() C )he hi'her the o*+ect is, the 'reater is the potential ener'!.
-) C. Convection takes place when there is a movement of air from hot place to cold place. )he sea
and .and differ in temperature at ni'ht time and da!time, the reason wh! there is sea *ree/e and
land *ree/e at da!time and ni'ht time respectivel!.
0) A. -.1 m.
2sin' water displacement method,
3o*+ect = 3final 4 3initial
= 2\$. 0 5 16.1 = -.1 m.
6) A. 177 ' = 1 89 16.0 ' x (18#177 ') = 7.160 8
1) . Work = force x distance = -77 8 x 17 m = -777 8m = -777 :
;) A. <onosphere is the la!er of the atmosphere composed of char'ed ions that returns radio and tv
si'nals *ack on earth.
17) C. durin' a storm! da!, heav! *lack clouds are seen in the sk!. these are nim*us clouds.
11) . man! !ears of stress on the rock ma! fracture the crust causin' one portion to slide upward or
down ward with respect to the other.
12) C. mountain is formed when two plates move toward each other.
1\$) = = ;#- >>C ? \$2
= = ;#- (\$7) ? \$2
= = 10 (c)
1() A C=C is not a 'reenhouse 'as. <t onl! dama'es the o/one la!er.
1-) C = & 5 26\$ C= 7 5 26\$ 9 7 &elvin = 426\$ C (d)
10) C. the independent varia*le is the factor that is *ein' chan'ed in the experiment. )he amount of
moisture is the factor *ein' chan'ed in the experiment 'iven.
16) C. *ased on the data ta*le, it can *e concluded that molds 'row *est in cold places.
11) C. usin' the scientific method, we can let %isuke and &illua punch the same o*+ect a num*er of
times and compare the dama'e done. (@ou would not want to *e hurt in an experiment, ri'htA)
1;) A. the sunBs reflection on the moon 'ives the moon the a*ilit! to shine.
27) A. when the moon is closer to the earth, the 'reater the effect of 'ravit!.
21) A. the crust is the hard outer shell of the earth.
22) C. A composite volcano is formed from alternatin' quiet and violent eruptions. An example is
"ount "a!on.
2\$) %.
g
mg
g
mg 71- . 7
1777
1
1-7 =
2() %. *lue star is the hottest star followed *! the white star, !ellow star and finall! the red star.
2-) %. 3enus is called the win planet of the earth *ecause the! almost have the same si/e.
20) . )he smallest, coldest and the outermost planet in the solar s!stem is Cluto.
26) % When two plates (sea floor )move apart (diver'in') ma'ma comes out and accumulate formin'
a mountain ran'e under the sea called the mid4ocean rid'e.
21) C. When en'ines *urn fossil fuels, car*on dioxide, a harmful 'as is produced.
2;) %. )he o/one la!er a*sor*s a portion of the radiation from the sun, preventin' it from reachin' the
earth.
\$7) Dn clear calm evenin's, temperature differences *etween a *od! of water and nei'h*orin' land
produce a cool wind known as the land *ree/e that *lows offshore.
BIOLOGY
1) C. cells 'rouped to'ether form tissue9 tissues workin' to'ether form or'ans9 or'ans workin'
to'ether form a s!stem
2) %. the products of photos!nthesis is stored in the form of starch in plants.
\$) C. cell walls of plant cells contain a hi'h concentration of cellulose, a su*stance that cannot *e
di'ested properl! *! human *ein's.
() %. mutualism is the process in which *oth or'anisms are *enefited from the interaction. Clants are
*ein' *enefited when animals release car*on dioxide which is needed *! plants to make food.
Animals are also *enefited when plants produce ox!'en which is needed *! animals in order to
live.
-) A. Dr!/a sativa is the scientific name of rice. )he scientific name is taken from the 'enus and the
species.
0) C. <n the levels of classification if *oth or'anisms *elon' to the same class, the! must also *elon'
to the same ph!lum and kin'dom for these are the levels hi'her than the class.
6) C. A prokar!otic cell does not have endoplasmic reticulum. <t does not have a mem*rane *ound
or'anelle.
1) C. )he skin is composed of epithelial tissues wherein cells are compactl! arran'ed.
;) . Eenes are hereditar! information contained in the 8A. 8A is deox!ri*onucleic acid.
17) C. coevolution is the relationship that refers to the partial dependence of evolutionar! chan'es of
an or'anism to another specie which it has a close ecolo'ical relationship.
11) A. 8ot all verte*rates are warm *looded animals. Fome are cold *looded like fishes and reptiles.
12) . coilin' up of chromatin, replication of 8A strands and movement of the chromosomes
towards the center all happen durin' mitosis.
1\$) . survival of the fittest su''ests that stron'er or'anisms with more favora*le characteristics are
more possi*le to survive and live lon'er than the weaker ones.
1() A. a plant cell has a cell wall, animals cell doesnBt have.
1-) A. a prokar!otic cell does not have a true nucleus. <t has chromosomes in the 8A and it also has
a cell mem*rane that separates itself from the environment.
10) %. simple multicellular animals with tissues *ut no distinct or'ans9 also known as spon'er are
under the ph!lum Corifera.
16) A. 8otochord is the flexi*le supportin' rod of verte*rates.
11) C. )he plasma mem*rane is composed of two la!ers of phospholipids molecules.
1;) C. White *lood cells are the soldiers of the *od! that fi'ht harmful *acteria that enter the *od!.
27) %. As the ener'! level in the food p!ramid rises, the transfer of ener'! decreases to one tenth of
the initial ener'! in evr! sta'e.
21) %. "etaphase is that sta'e in meiosis when the paired homolo'ous pair line up alon' the
equatorial plate formin' the spindle fi*er
22) . Gi*ernation and estivation are *oth response to extreme temperature.
2\$) A. When the animalBs temperature drops, the animal ma! die.
2() %. )he nervous s!stem carr! nerve impulses to and from the *rain.
2-) . When or'anisms like cockroaches are exposed to some insecticides for a lon' time, the! are
a*le to create permanent mutation in the next 'eneration 'ivin' insectBs resistance from that
insecticide.
20) . 3ascular or'ans are composed of x!lem and phloem (vessels) that transport water and nutrient
to the plant.
26) C. "ammals are verte*rates that have mammar! 'lands.
21) A. Car*on and ox!'en c!cle is maintained *! respiration. Dx!'en is takin' in and car*on dioxide
is 'iven out *! animals durin' respiration.
2;) . A cold *looded animal has *od! fluid temperature that adapts to environmental chan'es.
\$7) %. Fexual reproduction involves the use of 'ametes or sex cells.
CHEMISTRY
1) EivenH
C1 = 2 atm C2 = 1 atm
31 = 177m. 32 = A
)1 = 2;; & )2 = 210 &
K atm
K mL atm
T P
T V P
V
2;; 1
210 177 2
1 2
2 1 1
2

= =
2) A. )here are 6 valence electron in the valence shell (. )he 'roup num*er can *e predicted from
the num*er of valence electron and the period num*er from the valence shell. )herefore, the
element is in 'roup6 I period ( in the periodic ta*le of the elements.
\$) )he *alanced chemical equation is
2C0G1(D( ? 1- D2 12CD2 ? 1(G2D
C= 2x 0 =12 C = 12
G = 2 x 1(21 G = 1( x 2 = 21
D = 2 x( ? 1-x2 =\$1 D = 12 x 2 ? 1( = \$1
() *. 2 GC8 ? 8D2 C282 ? 8D ? G2D
G = 2 G = 2
C = 2 C = 2
8 = \$ 8 = \$
D = 2 D = 2
-) a. ionic *ond refers to the electrostatic attraction *etween positive( cation) and ne'ative (anion)
ions.
0) ) mass num*er = neutron num*er plus proton num*er = 6( ? -\$ = 126
6) a. proton J = atomic num*er = -\$
1) a. in a neutral atom, the num*er of electron is also equal to the num*er of protons = -\$
;) d. dou*le replacement reaction. =e replaces 8a and Cl replaces CD(.
17) %. Calcium car*onate decomposes into CaD and car*on dioxide
11) A. "' com*ines with nitro'en to produce ma'nesim nitride.
12) C. Kinc replaces h!dro'en.
1\$) Eiven
"1 = \$" 31 = \$.
"2 = 0" 32 = A
"1 31 = "2 32 2
2
1 1
3 "
V
M
=
L
M
L M
- . 1
0
\$ \$
=

1() Eiven
"oles of G!dro'en = A
2.- moles 82
Ftoic Latio H 1 82 = \$ G2
"oles of G2 = 2.- mol 82 x
2
2
1
\$
molN
molH
= 6.- mol G2
1-) =rom no. 1(, 6.- mol G!dro'en is produced
6.- mol G2 x
2
2
H
mol
g
= 1- ' G2
10) EivenH
31 = (-7 m. 32 = A
)1 = \$7 C )2 = -7 C
1.2km Mast
7.-
km
8orth
32 =
K
K mL
T
T V
\$7\$
\$2\$ (-7
1
2 1

=
16) Folution is the mixture that particles don not settle down, cannot *e filtered, and cannot *e seen *!
the naked e!e.
11) =rom the com*ined 'as law, pressure is inversel! proportional to the volume and is directl!
proportional to the temperature. <f the temperature is decreased, the pressure also decreases inside
a container.
1;) Accordin' to %o!leBs law, at constant temperature, the volume of a 'as is inversel! proportional to
the amount of pressure exerted on it. <f the pressure is dou*led, volume will decrease.
27) )he formula that indicates the local num*er of atoms of the elements un a compound is the
empirical formula.
21) )he reaction *etween ma'nesium chloride and potassium h!droxide is a dou*le replacement
reaction that produces "'(DG)2 and &Cl.
22) Dr*itals (s, p, d, f) make up su*shell (2s, 2p, 2d, 2f), su*shells make up the shell (ener'! levels 1,
2, \$,N6)
2\$) "olarit!, molalit!, and normalit! are all modes of expressin' concentration of solutions. Acidit! is
the measure of alkalinit! of solutions.
2() %ased on the law of mass conservation,if -7 ' of the reactants is used up in a reaction, -7' of the
products will *e produced.
2-) =ree/in' car*on dioxide does not involve chan'e in chemical composition and formation of new
peoducts. )herefore, it is ph!sical reaction.
20) Atomic num*er is equal to the num*er of protons. "ass num,*er is equal to the num*er of protons
plus the num*er of neutrons.
26) <n a compound, the sum of the total positive oxidation num*ers and ne'ative oxidation num*ers
must *e equal to /ero.
21) Atoms of the same elements havin' the same atomic num*er can have different mass num*er due
to differences in their num*er of neutrons. )hese atoms are called isotopes.
2;) Landom movement of particles is least o*serva*le in solids. )he particles are compactl! arran'ed
in solids.
\$7) Mlectrons found in an incomplete outer shell of an atom are called valence electrons.
PHYSICS
1)
A vector is a quantit! with *oth ma'nitude and direction. isplacement, force, and acceleration
are all vector quantities except speed.
2)
"mmm
\$)
1 8 is defined to *e 1 k' m#s
2
. =orce = wei'ht ('ravit! due to acceleration= 17m#s
2
)
()
<llustrationH
a = 7.- km
*= 1.2 km
c = A
c =
2 2
b a +
c = 1.\$
-)
a = O3 # Ot = 27 m#s # - s = ( m#s
2
0)
a = force # mass
Eiven H m = 2 k' a = 7.- m#s
2
= = mass x acceleration
= = 2 k' x 7.- m#s
2
= 1 k' m#s
2
= 1 8
6)
xxxxx
1)
&inematics is the stud! under d!namics that deals with the space4time relationship in *odies that
are in motion.
;)
Centripetal force =
r
mv
2
EivenH mass = 177 k', radius = 07 meters, v = \$7 m#s
kN N s kgm
m
s m kg
force - . 1 1-77 # 1-77
07
) # ;77 )( 177 (
2
2 2
= = = =
17)
<n *ase*all, if the action is the impact of the *at a'ainst the *all, the opposite reaction is the force
of the *all a'ainst the *at. )his satisfies the law of action and reaction.
11)
%oni
12)
<nstantaneous speed is defined as the quantitative measure of the chan'e of an o*+ectBs position
over a certain amount of time.
1\$)
Cro+ectile motion is defined as the movement of *od! launched in space without its motive power,
and travels freel! under the action of 'ravit! and air resistance alone.
1()
At rest, the distance (meters) is constant, time (seconds) varries. (c)
1-)
An increase in temperature and distance illutrates a car travelin' at constant velocit!. (*)
10)
xxxx
16)
xxxx
11)
A. 3f = 3i ? aOt is the equation for the final velocit! of an o*+ect 'iven the acceleration, initial
velocit! and time.
1;)
Eiven
.1 = 17 cm (from the fulcrum) .2 = A
=1 = -77 8 =2 = 1-77 8
2
2
1
1
F
L
F
L
=

cm
N
N cm
F
F L
L 07
-77
1-77 27
1
2 1
2
=

= =
27)
xxxx
21)
&M =
2
2
1
mv
m = -77 k' v = \$.7 m#s
&M = kJ s m kg 2- . 2 ) # ; )( -77 (
2
1
2 2
=
22) a. Accordin' to the .aw of conservation of momentum, the total momentum of a s!stem is
conserved. When *odies of equal masses and equal speeds collide, the! *ounce *ack with the
same speed and distance.
2\$) Cressure waves of frequencies a*ove the audi*le frequencies are called ultrasonic waves.
2() A fish mi'ht look much nearer to the surface than it reall! is *ecause li'ht travels at a different
speed on water.
2-) 3v
20) Mlectroma'netic waves are produced *! movin' char'es. )he! are transverse waves. )he! travel
with the same speed in the a*sence of vacuum. )he! do not require a medium for transmission.
26) A. polari/ation is an interaction with matter in which transverse waves are restricted to a particular
plane of vi*ration.
21) )he characteristic of sound that we perceive as volume is the amplitude.
2;) .i'ht is 16 107 mph faster than li'ht.
\$7) <n the color spectrum, (3iolet to Led) the colors are enumerated in increasin' wavelen'th.