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4/23/2014

700+ level Sentence


Correction Questions

Payal Tandon
E-GMAT LLC
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CONTENTS
ABOUT e-GMAT ........................................................................................................................................................................ 2
Why Choose e-GMATs Verbal Live Prep? ................................................................................................................... 3
Comprehensiveness ........................................................................................................................................................... 3
Highest number of Successes......................................................................................................................................... 3
Worlds Best Score Improvement Guarantee .......................................................................................................... 3
Bottomline ......................................................................................................................................................................... 4
What do our Students say? .................................................................................................................................................. 5
Meet the Top Instructors ...................................................................................................................................................... 7
Solve These 700 level SC Questions ................................................................................................................................. 9
Question 1 .............................................................................................................................................................................. 9
Question 2 .............................................................................................................................................................................. 9
Question 3 .............................................................................................................................................................................. 9
Question 4 ............................................................................................................................................................................ 10
Question 5 ............................................................................................................................................................................ 10
Question 6 ............................................................................................................................................................................ 11
Answers ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 13
Solution 1,2 & 3 ................................................................................................................................................................. 13
Solution 4 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 13
Solution 5 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 14
Solution 6 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 17
More e-GMAT Free Resources .......................................................................................................................................... 20
How to attend the session .................................................................................................................................................. 21







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I religiously followed the e-GMAT three-step process in solving each of the
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SOLVE THESE 700 LEVEL SC QUESTIONS

QUESTION 1
Scientists have observed large concentrations of heavy-metal deposits in the upper
twenty centimeters of Baltic Sea sediments, which are consistent with the growth of
industrial activity there.
(A) Baltic Sea sediments, which are consistent with the growth of industrial activity there
(B) Baltic Sea sediments, where the growth of industrial activity is consistent with these
findings
(C) Baltic Sea sediments, findings consistent with its growth of industrial activity
(D) sediments from the Baltic Sea, findings consistent with the growth of industrial activity in
the area
(E) sediments from the Baltic Sea, consistent with the growth of industrial activity there

QUESTION 2

Inuits of the Bering Sea were in isolation from contact with Europeans longer than Aleuts
or Inuits of the North Pacific and northern Alaska.
(A) in isolation from contact with Europeans longer than
(B) isolated from contact with Europeans longer than
(C) in isolation from contact with Europeans longer than were
(D) isolated from contact with Europeans longer than were
(E) in isolation and without contacts with Europeans longer than

QUESTION 3

Initiated five centuries after Europeans arrived in the New World on Columbus Day 1992,
Project SETI pledged a $100 million investment in the search for extraterrestrial
intelligence.
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(A) Initiated five centuries after Europeans arrived in the New World on Columbus Day 1992,
Project SETI pledged a $100 million investment in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence.
(B) Initiated on Columbus Day 1992, five centuries after Europeans arrived in the New World,
a $100 million investment in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence was pledged by Project
SETI.
(C) Initiated on Columbus Day 1992, five, after Europeans arrived in the New World, Project
SETT pledged a $100 million investment in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence.
(D) Pledging a $100 million investment in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, the
initiation of Project SETT five centuries after Europeans arrived in the New World on Columbus
Day 1992.
(E) Pledging a $100 million investment in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence five
centuries after Europeans arrived in the New World, on Columbus Day 1992, the initiation of
Project SETT took place.

QUESTION 4

President Clinton spent significant money on the No Child Left Behind program in several
school districts throughout the country, which led to a boom in the school construction
industry and also added thousands of jobs for teachers and support staff.
A. which led to a boom in the school construction industry and also added
B. which not only led to a boom in the school construction industry, but also added
C. not only leading to a boom in the school construction industry but also adding
D. leading to a boom in the school construction industry, which also added
E. leading to a boom in the construction industry of school, which added

QUESTION 5

Although Robonaut 2, the next generation humanoid robot built by NASA for space
exploration, can be controlled by its fellow astronauts in space or a crew on earth, it can
complete certain tasks all on its own, becoming better suited for some dangerous projects
than its human counterpart.

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A. Although Robonaut 2, the next generation humanoid robot built by NASA for space
exploration, can be controlled by its fellow astronauts in space or a crew on earth, it can
complete certain tasks all on its own, becoming better suited for some dangerous projects
than its human counterpart.

B. Even though capable of completing certain tasks all on its own by becoming better suited
for some dangerous projects than its human counterpart, Robonaut 2 is the next generation
humanoid robot built by NASA for space exploration, controlled by its fellow astronauts in
space or a crew on earth.

C. Capable of completing certain tasks on its own and becoming better suited for some
dangerous projects than its human counterpart, Robonaut 2, the next generation humanoid
robot built by NASA for space exploration, can be controlled by its fellow astronauts in
space or a crew on earth.

D. The next generation humanoid robot built by NASA for space exploration, Robonaut 2,
although can complete certain tasks all on its own and become better suited for some
dangerous projects than its human counterpart, but is controlled by its fellow astronauts in
space or a crew on earth.

E. Although Robonaut 2 is the next generation humanoid robot built by NASA for space
exploration, it can be controlled by his fellow astronauts in space or a crew on earth, and
can also complete certain tasks all on its own, becoming better suited for some dangerous
projects than its human counterpart
QUESTION 6

Between 2000 and 2010, the $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry, with centers in 38
states and which employs 187,000 people directly or indirectly, lost$1.07 billion in revenue,
owing to the warming trend that forces half the nations ski areas to open late and almost
half to close early.
A. Between 2000 and 2010, the $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry, with centers in
38 states and which employs 187,000 people directly or indirectly, lost
B. The $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry, with centers in 38 states and employing
187,000 people directly or indirectly between 2000 and 2010, lost
C. Between 2000 and 2010, the $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry, which has
centers in 38 states and which employs 187,000 people directly or indirectly, losing
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D. The $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry between 2000 and 2010, with centers in
38 states and employing 187,000 people directly or indirectly, losing
E. The $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry, which has centers in 38 states and
employs 187,000 people directly or indirectly, lost, between 2000 and 2010,
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ANSWERS
The Correct answers for the above questions are listed below:
1. D
2. D
3. C
4. C
5. A
6. E
SOLUTION 1,2 & 3

YOUTUBE LINK FOR THE SOLUTIONS
Q1. (D)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YXah1HdaiV0
Q2. (D) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CeoEwae5ma4
Q3. (C ) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kE6PpC4DFoA

For rest of the 3 questions, please go through the textual solution given below:

SOLUTION 4

President Clinton spent significant money on the No Child Left Behind program in several school districts
throughout the country, which led to a boom in the school construction industry and also added thousands of jobs
for teachers and support staff.



President Clinton spent significant money on the No Child Left Behind program in several school districts
throughout the country,
which led to a boom in the school construction industry and also added thousands of jobs for teachers and
support staff.

President Clinton spent money on a particular program in several schools. This spending has resulted in two things:
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Boom in the school construction industry
Addition of jobs for teachers and support staff.





ERROR ANALYSIS
President Clinton spent significant money on the No Child Left Behind program in several school
districts throughout the country,
which led to a boom in the school construction industry and also added thousands of jobs for teachers
and support staff.

Error 1 Per the meaning of the sentence, the action of spending resulted into two things. Here relative pronoun
which has been used to mention the results of the action in the preceding clause. This is incorrect because
which can only refer to a noun entity and not a clause.
POE
A. which led to a boom in the school construction industry and also added: Incorrect for the
reasons stated above.
B. which not only led to a boom in the school construction industry, but also
added: Incorrect. Repeats the same error as in choice A.
C. not only leading to a boom in the school construction industry but also adding: Correct
Answer
D. leading to a boom in the school construction industry, which also added: Incorrect.
Error 1 Use of which is incorrect because it illogically modifies the preceding noun entity
the school construction industry. Per this choice, the sentence means that the school
construction industry added jobs for teachers and support staff.E. more on simplistic design
and is more functional than are: Incorrect.
E. leading to a boom in the construction industry of school, which added: Incorrect. Repeats the
same error as in choice AD
TAKE AWAY

1. Relative pronouns CANNOT refer to the preceding clause. They can only refer to the preceding noun entity. So
when the function of the modifier is to modify preceding clause, then relative pronoun modifiers cannot be used.
2. Comma + Verb-ing modifier presents the result of the preceding clause.

SOLUTION 5
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SENTENCE STRUCTURE OF ORIGINAL SENTENCE

Clause 1: Although Robonaut 2, the next generation humanoid robot built by NASA for space
exploration, can be controlled by its fellow astronauts in space or a crew on earth,
Clause 2: it can complete certain tasks all on its own, becoming better suited for some dangerous
projects than its human counterpart.

MEANING OF ORIGINAL SENTENCE

The sentence presents contrast (as is evident through the use of 'although').
The sentence presents contrasting information about Robonaut 2.
Robonaut 2 is the next generation humanoid robot.
It can be controlled by astronauts in space or a crew on earth.
However, it can perform certain functions all by itself.
This ability makes this robot better suited for some dangerous exploration jobs than the
human astronauts.

ERRORS IN THE ORIGINAL SENTENCE

Clause 1: Although Robonaut 2, the next generation humanoid robot built by NASA for space
exploration, can be controlled by its fellow astronauts in space or a crew on earth,
Clause 2: it can complete certain tasks all on its own, becoming better suited for some dangerous
projects than its human counterpart.

1. All the SV pairs are accounted for Robonaut 2- can be controlled & it can complete.
2. Since the sentence presents general information about the capability of Robonaut 2, both
the verbs are correctly written in simple present tense.
3. Pronouns it and its correctly refers to Robonaut 2.
4. Noun phrase the next generation humanoid robot correctly refers to Robonaut 2. Verb-ed
modifier built correctly refers to the preceding noun entity the robot. Comma + Verb-
ing modifier becoming correctly presents the result of the preceding clause. 5.
Robonaut 2 can be controlled and it can complete maintains the parallelism. Again
parallelism is maintained
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5. The structure and the meaning of the sentence are also correct. Hence, there are no errors
in this sentence.


ANSWER CHOICE ANALYSIS

A. Although Robonaut 2, the next generation humanoid robot built by NASA for space
exploration, can be controlled by its fellow astronauts in space or a crew on earth, it can
complete certain tasks all on its own, becoming better suited for some dangerous projects
than its human counterpart. Correct choice.
B. Even though capable of completing certain tasks all on its own by becoming better suited
for some dangerous projects than its human counterpart, Robonaut 2 is the next generation
humanoid robot built by NASA for space exploration, controlled by his fellow astronauts in
space or a crew on earth.

Error 1 Per the original sentence, the contrasting points are - Robonaut 2 can be
controlled and it can perform a few tasks on its own. Per this choice, the contrasting
points are Robonaut 2 is capable of completing few tasks on its own and it is a
Humanoid robot.
Error 2 Per the original sentence, becoming better presents the result of the
Robonaut 2 being capable of doing certain tasks on its own.
This choice says that the robot can perform certain tasks on its own by becoming better
suited. This is absolutely illogical.
Error 3 Usage of controlled is incorrect. If it is a verb with is understood before it,
then the two verbs is and (is) controlled are not connected properly. If it is a verb-ed
modifier, then it refers to the preceding noun entity space exploration. Both the
usages are incorrect.

C. Capable of completing certain tasks on its own and becoming better suited for some
dangerous projects than its human counterpart, Robonaut 2, the next generation humanoid
robot built by NASA for space exploration, can be controlled by his fellow astronauts in
space or a crew on earth.
Error 1 This choice has an unintended parallel list completing and becoming.
This distorts the intended meaning. Error 2 The choice does not express the
intended contrast.

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D. The next generation humanoid robot built by NASA for space exploration, Robonaut 2,
although can complete certain tasks all on its own and become better suited for some
dangerous projects than its human counterpart, but is controlled by his fellow astronauts in
space or a crew on earth.

Error 1 - This choice has an unintended parallel list can complete and (can)
become. This distorts the intended meaning.
Error 2 The contrast presented by but is not the intended contrast.
Error 3 Per this choice, but connects two entities in the list. Hence, use of comma
before but is not correct.

E. Although Robonaut 2 is the next generation humanoid robot built by NASA for space
exploration, it can be controlled by his fellow astronauts in space or a crew on earth, and
can also complete certain tasks all on its own, becoming better suited for some dangerous
projects than its human counterpart.

Error 1 The contrasting points per this choice are Robonaut 2 is the next generation
robot and it can be controlled.
Error 2 This choice has an unintended list can be controlled and can also
complete. This distorts the intended meaning.

TAKE AWAY

1: When you read the original sentence, make sure you understand the intended meaning. For
example, if there is a contrast in the sentence, then understand the contrasting elements.
2: The correct sentence should have correct sentence structure. For example, if there is a list of
elements, it should be connected properly.

SOLUTION 6

SENTENCE STRUCTURE OF ORIGINAL SENTENCE

Clause 1 - Between 2000 and 2010, the $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry, with
centers in 38 states and
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Clause 2 - which employs 187,000 people directly or indirectly,
Clause 1 (contd.) - lost $1.07 billion in revenue, owing to the warming trend that forces half
the nations ski areas to open late and almost half to close early.


MEANING OF ORIGINAL SENTENCE

The sentence is about the ski and snowboarding industry.
Certain characteristics of industry presented - # of centers and # people employed.
This industry lost specific amount of money in revenue between 2000 and 2010.
The reason for the loss in revenue has been specified as warming trend that forces the ski
areas to open late or close early.


ERRORS IN THE ORIGINAL SENTENCE

Clause 1 - Between 2000 and 2010, the $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry, with
centers in 38 states and
Clause 2 - which employs 187,000 people directly or indirectly,
Clause 1 (contd.) - lost $1.07 billion in revenue, owing to the warming trend that forces half
the nations ski areas to open late and almost half to close early.
1: Parallelism error with prepositional phrase modifier is not parallel to which relative clause
modifier. Both should be either relative clause modifier or prepositional phrase modifier.

ANSWER CHOICE ANALYSIS

A. Between 2000 and 2010, the $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry, with centers in 38
states and which employs 187,000 people directly or indirectly, lost
Parallelism Error as discussed above.


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B. The $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry, with centers in 38 states and employing
187,000 people directly or indirectly between 2000 and 2010, lost
Modifier Error Highlighted modifier does not modify the action lost. It now implies that
187000 people were employed between the given time period. This results in change in
meaning of the sentence.
Note that the parallelism error in choice A has been corrected. Both are phrase modifiers
now. One is prepositional phrase modifier and the other is verb-ing modifier.

C. Between 2000 and 2010, the $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry, which has centers in
38 states and which employs 187,000 people directly or indirectly, losing

SV Error The main clause does not contain any verb. The subject ski and snowboarding
industry does not have a verb. The verb lost in original sentence has been changed to
non-verb form losing.

D. The $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry between 2000 and 2010, with centers in 38
states and employing 187,000 people directly or indirectly, losing SV Error As in choice C.

Modifier Error The highlighted modifier instead of modifying the verb lost - modifies the
industry. It somehow implies that the sentence is about ski and snowboarding industry that
existed between 2000 and 2010. This does not make sense. As such logically there is only
one ski and snowboarding industry and not about the industry that was between a certain
time period.

E. The $10.7 billion ski and snowboarding industry, which has centers in 38 states and employs
187,000 people directly or indirectly, lost, between 2000 and 2010,
Correct Choice

TAKE AWAY

1. Clause entity cannot be parallel to a phrase entity. There can be more than one ways to
correct such a list. Write both in either phrase form or clause form.
Modifiers should be placed appropriately to modify the intended entity.

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