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Enatin S.A.

Construcciones Industriales
RUC: 0990294909001
Direccin: Av. Pascuales Km. 16 Va Daule, Guayaquil, Ecuador
Telfonos: +593 (4) 5000100 - 6001981
Sitio Web: http://www.enatin.com





MEMORIA TECNICA


PROYECTO:

TANQUES CENTRAL GUANGOPOLO II



TANQUE DIESEL 280 M3
(T003)


CLIENTE: CELEC EP



DEPARTAMENTO DE PROYECTOS ENATIN S.A.

NOVIEMBRE/2013


Pgi na 1 de 39
PG 1: : > ETANK FULL REPORT - P2013- 066 ( T003)
ETank2000 MU 1. 9. 14 ( 26 Oct 2010)

TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE 1

ETANK SETTI NGS SUMMARY PAGE 2

SUMMARY OF DESI GN DATA AND REMARKS PAGE 3

SUMMARY OF RESULTS PAGE 5

ROOF DESI GN PAGE 6

ROOF DESI GN PAGE 12

SHELL COURSE DESI GN PAGE 13

BOTTOM DESI GN PAGE 21

BOTTOM DESI GN PAGE 24

SEI SMI C CALCULATI ONS PAGE 28

ANCHOR BOLT DESI GN PAGE 35

CAPACI TI ES AND WEI GHTS PAGE 38

MAWP & MAWV SUMMARY PAGE 39



Pgi na 2 de 39
PG 2: : >ETANK SETTI NGS SUMMARY

To Change These ETank Set t i ngs, Go To Tool s- >Opt i ons, Behavi or Tab.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
No 650 Appendi x F Cal cs when Tank P = 0 - > Def aul t : Fal so
- > Thi s Tank : Fal so
Show MAWP / MAWV Cal cs : Ver dader o
Enf or ce API Mi ni mumt hi cknesses : Ver dader o
Enf or ce API Maxi mumRoof t hi ckness : Ver dader o
Enf or ce Mi ni mumSel f Supp. Cone Pi t ch ( 2 i n 12) : Ver dader o
For ce Non- Annul ar Bt m. t o Meet API - 650 5. 5. 1 : Fal so
Set t . act ual t o t . r equi r ed Val ues : Fal so
Maxi mum650 App. S or App. M Mul t i pl i er i s 1 : Ver dader o
Enf or ce API Maxi mumNozzl e Si zes : Ver dader o
Max. Sel f Suppor t ed Roof t hi ckness = 0. 5 i n. >> 12. 7 mm
Max. Tank Cor r . Al l owance = 0. 5 i n. >> 12. 7 mm
Ext er nal pr essur e cal cs subt r act C. A. per V. 5 : Fal so
Use Gauge Mat er i al f or mi n t hi cknesses : Fal so
Enf or ce API Mi ni mumLi ve Load : Ver dader o
Enf or ce API Mi ni mumAnchor Chai r Desi gn Load
= Bol t Yi el d Load : Ver dader o





Pgi na 3 de 39
PG 3: : >SUMMARY OF DESI GN DATA and REMARKS

J ob : P2013- 066 ( T003)
Dat e of Cal cs. : 06/ 11/ 2013 , 06: 42
Mf g. or I nsp. Dat e : 23/ 10/ 2013
Desi gner : ALEJ ANDRO ZABALA
Pr oj ect : GUANGOPOLO I I
Tag Number : T003
Pl ant : GUANGOPOLO
Pl ant Locat i on : DI ESEL SERVI CE TANK
Desi gn Basi s : API - 650 11t h Edi t i on, Addendum2, Nov 2009

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- TANK NAMEPLATE I NFORMATI ON

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- Oper at i ng Rat i o: 0. 4
- Desi gn St andar d:
- API - 650 11t h Edi t i on, Addendum2, Nov 2009 -
- API - 650 Appendi ces Used: V -
- Roof = A- 36= 0. 315i n. -
- Shel l ( 4) = A- 36= 0. 2362i n. -
- Shel l ( 3) = A- 36= 0. 2362i n. -
- Shel l ( 2) = A- 36= 0. 2362i n. -
- Shel l ( 1) = A- 36= 0. 2362i n. -
- Bot t om= A- 36= 0. 315i n. -

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Desi gn I nt er nal Pr essur e = 0. 0625 PSI or 1. 73 I N. H2O >> 0. MPa
Desi gn Ext er nal Pr essur e = - 0. 0625 PSI or - 1. 73 I N. H2O >> 0. MPa

MAWP = 2. 5000 PSI or 69. 28 I N. H2O >> 0. 017 MPa
MAWV = - 0. 1153 PSI or - 3. 20 I N. H2O >> - 0. 001 MPa

OD of Tank = 23. 333 f t >> 7. 112 m
Shel l Hei ght = 26. 247 f t >> 8. m
S. G. of Cont ent s = 0. 89
Max. Li q. Level = 23. 852 f t >> 7. 27 m

Desi gn Temper at ur e = 104 F >> 40. C
Tank J oi nt Ef f i ci ency = 1

Gr ound Snow Load = 22. 5 l bf / f t ^2 >> 1. 077 kPa
Roof Li ve Load = 20 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 958 kPa
Desi gn Roof Dead Load = 0 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. kPa




Pgi na 4 de 39
PG 4: : >Basi c Wi nd Vel oci t y = 63 mph >> 101. 389 km/ hr
Wi nd I mpor t ance Fact or = 1. 15
Usi ng Sei smi c Met hod: API - 650 11t h Ed. - Non ASCE7 ( Sp)
Sei smi c Use Gr oup:
Si t e Cl ass:
Sp = 40 %g
T_L = 4 sec
Av = 0 %g
Q = 1
Fa = 1. 1
Fv = 1. 5
I mpor t ance Fact or = 1. 5
Rwi = 4
Rwc = 2

DESI GN NOTES

NOTE 1 : Tank i s not subj ect t o API - 650 Appendi x F. 7



Pgi na 5 de 39
PG 5: : >SUMMARY OF RESULTS

Shel l Mat er i al Summar y ( Bot t omi s 1)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Shel l Wi dt h Mat er i al Sd St Wei ght CA
# ( m) ( MPa) ( MPa) ( N)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
4 1. 360 A- 36 160. 0 171. 68 14007.
3 1. 790 A- 36 160. 0 171. 68 18438.
2 2. 424 A- 36 160. 0 171. 68 24977.
1 2. 424 A- 36 160. 0 171. 68 24977.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Tot al Wei ght 82, 399

Shel l API 650 Summar y ( Bot t omi s 1)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Shel l t . desi gn t . t est t . ext er nal t . sei smi c t . r equi r ed t . act ual
# ( mm) ( mm) ( mm) ( mm) ( mm) ( mm)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
4 1. 65 0. 05 2. 95 1. 78 4. 75 5. 99
3 2. 01 0. 43 2. 95 2. 08 4. 75 5. 99
2 2. 46 0. 91 2. 95 2. 51 4. 75 5. 99
1 2. 95 1. 42 2. 95 2. 87 5. 99 5. 99
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Sel f Suppor t ed Coni cal Roof ; Mat er i al = A- 36

t . r equi r ed = 0. 3051 i n. >> 7. 75 mm
t . act ual = 0. 315 i n. >> 8. 001 mm
Roof J oi nt Ef f i ci ency = 1

Wei ght = 5, 628 l bf >> 25034. 593 N


Bot t omType: Fl at Bot t om: Non- Annul ar
Bot t omFl oor Mat er i al = A- 36
t . r equi r ed = 0. 2985 i n. >> 7. 582 mm
t . act ual = 0. 315 i n. >> 8. 001 mm
Bot t omJ oi nt Ef f i ci ency = 1


Tot al Wei ght of Bot t om= 5, 653 l bf >> 25145. 799 N

ANCHOR BOLTS= ( 8) 1i n. UNC Bol t s, A- 193 Gr B7

TOP END STI FFENER= L2x2x1/ 4, A- 36, 235. l bf





Pgi na 6 de 39
PG 6: : ><Roof Desi gn Per API 650>

CONI CAL ROOF: A- 36

J Er = Roof J oi nt Ef f i ci ency = 1
Lr = Ent er ed Roof Li ve Load = 20 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 958 kPa
Lr _1 = Comput ed Roof Li ve Load, i ncl udi ng Ext er nal Pr essur e

S = Gr ound Snow Load ( per ASCE 7- 05 Fi g. 7- 1)
= 22. 5 l bf / f t ^2 >> 1. 077 kPa
Sb = Bal anced Desi gn Snow Load ( per API - 650 Sec. 5. 2. 1. h. 1)
= 0. 84 * S = 18. 9 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 905 kPa
Su = Unbal anced Desi gn Snow Load ( per API - 650 Sec. 5. 2. 1. h. 2)
= 1. 5*Sb = 28. 35 l bf / f t ^2 >> 1. 357 kPa

Dead_Load = I nsul at i on + Pl at e_Wei ght + Added_Dead_Load
= ( 8) ( 0/ 12) + 12. 8505 + 0
= 12. 85 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 615 kPa

Roof Loads ( per API - 650 Appendi x R)

Pe = PV*144 = 0. 0625*144 = 9 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 431 kPa

e. 1b = DL + MAX( Sb, Lr ) + 0. 4*Pe
= 12. 85 + 20 + 0. 4*9. 0000
= 36. 45 l bf / f t ^2 >> 1. 745 kPa

e. 2b = DL + Pe + 0. 4*MAX( Sb, Lr )
= 12. 85 + 9. 0000 + 0. 4*20
= 29. 85 l bf / f t ^2 >> 1. 429 kPa

T = Bal anced Roof Desi gn Load ( per API - 650 Appendi x R)
= MAX( e. 1b, e. 2b)
= 36. 45 l bf / f t ^2 >> 1. 745 kPa

e. 1u = DL + MAX( Su, Lr ) + 0. 4*Pe
= 12. 85 + 28. 35 + 0. 4*9. 0000
= 44. 8 l bf / f t ^2 >> 2. 145 kPa

e. 2u = DL + Pe + 0. 4*MAX( Su, Lr )
= 12. 85 + 9. 0000 + 0. 4*28. 35
= 33. 19 l bf / f t ^2 >> 1. 589 kPa

U = Unbal anced Roof Desi gn Load ( per API - 650 Appendi x R)
= MAX( e. 1u, e. 2u)
= 44. 8 l bf / f t ^2 >> 2. 145 kPa

Lr _1 = MAX( T, U) = 44. 8 l bf / f t ^2 >> 2. 145 kPa


pt = Roof Cone Pi t ch
= 2. 66 i n/ f t

Thet a = Angl e of Cone t o t he Hor i zont al
= ATAN( pt / 12) = ATAN( 0. 2217)
= 12. 4985 degr ees
Al pha = 1/ 2 t he I ncl uded Apex Angl e of Cone
= 77. 5015 degr ees




Pgi na 7 de 39
PG 7: : >R2 = 6*OD/ SI N( Thet a) = 646. 9 i n. >> 16431. 26 mm
Rc = I D/ 2 = 139. 7618 i n. >> 3549. 95 mm

<Wei ght , Sur f ace Ar ea, and Pr oj ect ed Ar eas of Roof >

Ap_Ver t = Ver t i cal Pr oj ect ed Ar ea of Roof
= pt *OD^2/ 48
= 2. 66*23. 333^2/ 48
= 30. 17 f t ^2 >> 2. 803 m^2

Hor i zont al Pr oj ect ed Ar ea of Roof ( Per API - 650 5. 2. 1. f )

Xw = Moment Ar mof UPLI FT wi nd f or ce on r oof
= 0. 5*OD
= 0. 5*23. 333
= 11. 6665 f t >> 3. 556 m
Ap = Pr oj ect ed Ar ea of r oof f or wi nd moment
= PI *R^2
= PI *11. 6665^2
= 427. 593 f t ^2 >> 39. 725 m^2

Roof _Ar ea = 36*PI *OD^2/ COS( Thet a)
= 36*PI *( 23. 333) ^2/ COS( 12. 4985)
= 63, 068 i n^2 >> 406889. 509 cm^2

Wei ght = ( Densi t y) ( t ) ( Roof _Ar ea)
= ( 0. 2833) ( 0. 315) ( 63, 068)
= 5, 628 l bf ( New) >> 25034. 593 N
= 4, 511 l bf ( Cor r oded) >> 20065. 929 N


< Upl i f t on Tank > ( per API - 650 F. 1. 2)

NOTE: Thi s f l at bot t omt ank i s assumed suppor t ed by t he bot t ompl at e.
I f t ank not suppor t ed by a f l at bot t om, t hen upl i f t cal cul at i ons
wi l l be N. A. , and f or r ef er ence onl y.

For f l at bot t omt ank wi t h sel f suppor t ed r oof ,
Net _Upl i f t = Upl i f t due t o desi gn pr essur e l ess
Cor r oded wei ght of shel l and r oof pl at es.

= P * PI / 4 * D ^ 2 * 144
- Cor r . shel l - Cor r . r oof wei ght
= 0. 0625 * 3. 1416 / 4 * 544. 4289 * 144
- 13, 625 - 4, 511
= - 14, 288 l bf >> - 63556. 196 N


< Upl i f t Case per API - 650 1. 1. 1 >

P_Upl i f t = 3, 848 l bf >> 17116. 758 N
W_Roof _Pl at es ( cor r oded) = 4, 511 l bf >> 20065. 929 N
W_Shel l ( cor r oded) = 13, 625 l bf >> 60607. 025 N
Si nce P_Upl i f t <= W_Roof ,
Tank Roof does not need t o meet App. F r equi r ement s.







Pgi na 8 de 39
PG 8: : ><Mi ni mumThi ckness of Roof Pl at e>
ME = 28, 799, 999/ 28, 799, 999 = 1 ( per API - 650 App. M. 5. 1)

<Sect i on 5. 10. 5. 1>
t - Cal c1 = ME * SQRT[ T/ 45] *OD/ ( 400*SI N( Thet a) ) + CA
= 1 * SQRT[ 36. 45/ 45] *23. 333/ ( 400*SI N( 12. 4985) ) + 0. 0625
= 0. 3051 i n. >> 7. 75 mm

t - Cal c2 = ME * SQRT[ U/ 45] *OD/ ( 460*SI N( Thet a) ) + CA
= 1 * SQRT[ 44. 8/ 45] *23. 333/ ( 460*SI N( 12. 4985) ) + 0. 0625
= 0. 2964 i n. >> 7. 529 mm

t - Cal c = MAX( t - Cal c1, t - Cal c2)
= 0. 3051 i n. >> 7. 75 mm

Max_f ( due t o r oof t hi ckness)
= 400*SI N( Thet a) *( t - CA) / ME/ OD
= 400*SI N( 12. 4985) *( 0. 315 - 0. 0625) / 1/ 23. 333
= 0. 9368

Max_T1 ( due t o r oof t hi ckness)
= Max_f ^2 * 45
= 0. 9368^2 * 45
= 39. 4917l bf / f t ^2 >> 1. 891 kPa

P_ext _1 ( due t o r oof t hi ckness)
= - 2. 5 * [ ( Max_T1 - DL - Max( Snow_Load, Lr ) ] / 144
= - 2. 5 * [ ( 39. 4917 - 12. 85 - Max( 18. 9, 20) ] / 144
= - 0. 1153 PSI or - 3. 20 I N. H2O >> - 0. 001 MPa

P_max_ext = - 0. 1153 PSI or - 3. 2 I N. H2O >> - 0. 001 MPa


<Act ual Par t i ci pat i ng Ar ea of Roof - t o- Shel l J unct ur e>

( Fr omAPI - 650 Fi gur e F- 2)
Wc = 0. 6 * SQRT[ Rc * ( t - CA) ] ( Top Shel l Cour se)
= 0. 6 * SQRT[ 139. 7618 * ( 0. 2362 - 0. 0625) ]
= 2. 9563 i n. >> 75. 09 mm

( Fr omAPI - 650 Fi gur e F- 2)
Wh = 0. 3 * SQRT[ R2 * ( t - CA) ] ( or 12" , whi chever i s l ess)
= 0. 3 * SQRT[ 646. 9 * ( 0. 315 - 0. 0625) ]
= MI N( 3. 8342, 12)
= 3. 8342 i n. >> 97. 389 mm

Top End St i f f ener : L2x2x1/ 4
Aa = ( Cr oss- sect i onal Ar ea of Top End St i f f ener )
= 0. 938 i n^2 >> 6. 052 cm^2

Usi ng API - 650 Fi g. F- 2, Det ai l b End St i f f ener Det ai l

Ashel l = Cont r i but i ng Ar ea due t o shel l pl at es
= Wc*( t _shel l - CA)
= 2. 9563 * ( 0. 2362 - 0. 0625)
= 0. 514 i n^2 >> 3. 316 cm^2






Pgi na 9 de 39
PG 9: : > Ar oof = Cont r i but i ng Ar ea due t o r oof pl at es
= Wh*( t _r oof - CA)
= 3. 8342 * ( 0. 315 - 0. 0625)
= 0. 968 i n^2 >> 6. 245 cm^2

A = Act ual Par t . Ar ea of Roof - t o- Shel l J unct ur e ( per API - 650)
= Aa + Ar oof + Ashel l
= 0. 938 + 0. 968 + 0. 514
= 2. 42 i n^2 >> 15. 613 cm^2

MI NI MUM PARTI CI PATI NG AREA Cone Roof ( Per API - 650 Sect i on 5. 10. 5. 2 )
p = MAX( U, T)
Fa = Mi n( Fy_r oof , Fy_shel l , Fy_st i f f )
= Mi n( 36, 000, 36, 000, 36, 000)
= 36, 000 psi >> 248. 211 MPa
A_mi n = Mi ni mumPar t i ci pat i ng Ar ea
= p*D^2/ ( 8*Fa*TAN( Thet a) )
= 44. 8*23. 333^2/ ( 8*36, 000*TAN( 12. 4985) )
= 0. 382 i n^2 >> 2. 465 cm^2

MaxT_A = Max Roof Load due t o Par t i ci pat i ng Ar ea
( r ever si ng API - 650 Sect i on 5. 10. 5. 2 )
= 45*A*3000*SI N( Thet a) / OD^2
= 45*2. 42*3000*SI N( 12. 4985) / 23. 333^2)
= 129. 865 l bf / f t ^2 >> 6. 218 kPa


P_ext _2 ( Due t o MaxT_A)
= - [ Max_T1 - DL - 0. 4 * Max( Snow_Load, Lr ) ] / 144
= - [ 129. 865 - 12. 85 - 0. 4 * Max( 18. 9, 20) ] / 144
= - 0. 757 PSI ( Due t o Par t i ci pat i ng Ar ea) >> - 0. 005 MPa

P_max_ext = MAX( - 0. 1153, - 0. 757)
= - 0. 1153 PSI or - 3. 2 I N. H2O >> - 0. 001 MPa





Pgi na 10 de 39
PG 10: : >* * * API 650 APPENDI X V * * *

<Sect i on V. 7. 2. 1>
Pr = Max Roof Load = Lr _1
t _Cone1 = OD/ SI N( Thet a) *SQRT[ Pr / ( 0. 248*E) ]
= 23. 333/ SI N( 12. 4985) *SQRT[ 44. 8/ ( 0. 248*28, 799, 999) ]
= 0. 27 i n. >> 6. 858 mm

t _Cone = MAX( t - Cal c1, t _Cone1)
= MAX( 0. 3051, 0. 27)
= 0. 3051 i n. >> 7. 75 mm

<Par t i ci pat i ng Ar ea Requi r ed per App. V>

f ( Al l owabl e Desi gn St r ess) = 23, 200 psi >> 159. 958 MPa
t s1 ( Top Shel l Cour se t hi ckness) = 0. 2362 i n. >> 5. 999 mm
t r ( Roof Act ual Thi ckness) = 0. 315 i n. >> 8. 001 mm
J Er ( Roof J oi nt Ef f i ci ency) = 1
J Es ( Top Shel l Cour se J oi nt Ef f i ci ency) = 0
J Est ( Roof Comp. Ri ng J oi nt Ef f i ci ency) = 0. 7


( Sect i on V. 7. 2. 2)
A_Reqd = Pr *OD^2/ ( 8*f *TAN( Thet a) )
= 44. 8*23. 333^2/ ( 8*23, 200*TAN( 12. 4985) )
= 0. 5928 i n^2 >> 3. 825 cm^2

( Sect i on V. 7. 2. 3)
X_Cone = 1. 47*SQRT[ OD*t r / SI N( Thet a) ]
= 1. 47*SQRT[ 23. 333*0. 315*/ SI N( 12. 4985) ]
= 8. 5667 i n

( Sect i on V. 7. 2. 4)
X_Shel l = 1. 47*SQRT[ OD*t s1]
= 1. 47*SQRT[ 23. 333*0. 2362]
= 3. 451 i n

( Sect i on V. 7. 2. 5)
A_st i f f _r eqd = ( A_Reqd - J Es*t s1*X_Shel l - J Er *t r *X_Cone) / J Est
= ( 0. 5928 - 1*0. 2362*3. 451 - 1*0. 315*8. 5667) / 0. 7
= - 4. 1726 i n^2 >> - 26. 92 cm^2

Si nce A_st i f f _r eqd <=0, No Roof St i f f ener Requi r ed


A_st i f f _act ual = 0. 938 i n^2 >> 6. 052 cm^2
usi ng L2x2x1/ 4

A_act ual = J Es*t s1*X_Shel l + J Er *t r *X_Cone + A_st i f f _act ual *J Est
= 1*0. 2362*3. 451 + 1*0. 315*8. 5667 + 0. 938*0. 7
= 4. 1702 i n^2 >> 26. 904 cm^2



Pgi na 11 de 39
PG 11: : ><TOP END STI FFENER CALCULATI ONS>


<V. 8. 2. 2. 1 Number of Waves>
N^2 = SQRT[ 5. 33*D^3/ ( t smi n*Ht s^2) ]
= SQRT[ 5. 33*23. 333^3/ ( 0. 2362*26. 2142^2) ]
= 20. 42
N = 4. 52

<V. 8. 2. 3 Cont r i but i ng Shel l at St i f f ener >
w_shel l = 1. 47*( D*t s1) ^0. 5
= 1. 47*( 23. 333*0. 2362) ^0. 5
= 3. 451 i n. >> 87. 655 mm

<V. 8. 2. 3. 1 Radi al Load, VI >
VI = Ps * H/ 48
= 12. 14 * 26. 247/ 48
= 6. 6383 l bf / f t >> 29. 529 N

<V. 8. 2. 3. 2 Requi r ed Moment of I ner t i a>

I _r eqd = 648*VI *D^3/ [ E*( N^2- 1) ]
= 648*6. 6383*23. 333^3/ [ 28, 799, 999*( 4. 52^2- 1) ]
= 0. 098 i n^4

I _act ual = 0. 563 i n^4
usi ng L2x2x1/ 4, t s1 = 0. 2362 i n. , & W= 3. 451 i n. >> 87. 655 mm

<V. 8. 2. 3. 3. 1 Ar ea Requi r ed>

def i ne f = Mi n( f _r oof , f _shel l , f _st i f f )
= Mi n( 23, 200, 23, 200, 23, 200)
= 23, 200 psi >> 159. 958 MPa

A_r eqd = 6*VI *D/ f
= 6*6. 6383*23. 333/ 23, 200
= 0. 0401 i n^4

<V. 8. 2. 3. 3. 2 Ar ea r equi r ed by st i f f ener >

A_st i f f _r eqd = A_r eqd - J Es*t s1*X_Shel l - J Er *t _r oof *X_Cone
= 0. 0401 - 1*0. 2362*3. 451 - 1*0. 315*8. 5667
= - 3. 47 i n^2 >> - 22. 387 cm^2

Si nce A_st i f f _r eqd <=0, No Roof St i f f ener Requi r ed


A_st i f f = 0. 938 i n^2 >> 6. 052 cm^2
usi ng L2x2x1/ 4

A_act ual = J Es*t s1*X_Shel l + J Er *t r *X_Cone + A_st i f f _act ual
= 1*0. 2362*3. 451 + 1*0. 315*8. 5667 + 0. 938
= 4. 4516 i n^2 >> 28. 72 cm^2

t . r equi r ed = 0. 3051 i n. >> 7. 75 mm




Pgi na 12 de 39
PG 12: : >< ROOF DESI GN SUMMARY >

t . r equi r ed = 0. 3051 i n. >> 7. 75 mm
t . act ual = 0. 315 i n. >> 8. 001 mm

P_max_i nt er nal = 2. 5 PSI or 69. 28 I N. H2O >> 0. 017 MPa
P_max_ext er nal = - 0. 1153 PSI or - 3. 20 I N. H2O >> - 0. 001 MPa






Pgi na 13 de 39
PG 13: : >SHELL COURSE DESI GN ( Bot t omCour se i s #1)

VDP Cr i t er i a ( per API - 650 5. 6. 4. 1)
L = ( 6*D*( t - ca) ) ^0. 5
= ( 6*23. 333*( 0. 2362- 0. 0625) ) ^0. 5
= 4. 9313
H = Max Li qui d Level =23. 852 f t
L / H <= 2


Cour se # 1
Mat er i al : A- 36; Wi dt h = 7. 956 f t . >> 2. 425 m
Cor r osi on Al l ow. = 0. 0625 i n. >> 1. 588 mm
J oi nt Ef f i ci ency = 1

API - 650 ONE FOOT METHOD

Sd = 23, 200 PSI ( al l owabl e desi gn st r ess per API - 650 Tabl e 5- 2b) >> 159. 958 MPa
St = 24, 900 PSI ( al l owabl e t est st r ess) >> 171. 679 MPa

DESI GN CONDI TI ON
G = 0. 89 ( per API - 650)

< Desi gn Condi t i on G = 0. 89 >

H' = Ef f ect i ve l i qui d head at desi gn pr essur e
= H + 2. 31*P( psi ) / G
= 23. 852 + 2. 31*0. 0625/ 0. 89 = 24. 01f t >> 7. 318 m

t - Cal c = 2. 6*OD*( H' - 1) *G/ ( Sd*E) + CA ( per API - 650 5. 6. 3. 2)
= 2. 6*23. 333*( 24. 01 - 1) *0. 89/ ( 23, 200*1) + 0. 0625
= 0. 1161 i n. >> 2. 949 mm

hMax_1 = E*Sd*( t _1 - CA_1) / ( 2. 6*OD*G) + 1
= 1*23, 200*( 0. 2362 - 0. 0625) / ( 2. 6 * 23. 333 * 0. 89) + 1
= 75. 637 f t . >> 23. 054 m

Pmax_1 = ( hMax_1 - H) * 0. 433 * G
= ( 75. 637 - 23. 852) * 0. 433 * 0. 89
= 19. 9564 PSI >> 0. 138 MPa

Pmax_i nt _shel l = Pmax_1

Pmax_i nt _shel l = 19. 9564 PSI >> 0. 138 MPa

HYDROSTATI C TEST CONDI TI ON

< Desi gn Condi t i on G = 1 >

H' = Ef f ect i ve l i qui d head at desi gn pr essur e
= H + 2. 31*P( psi ) / G
= 23. 852 + 2. 31*0. 0625/ 1 = 24f t >> 7. 315 m

t . t est = 2. 6*23. 333*( 24 - 1) / ( 24, 900*1) = 0. 056 i n. >> 1. 422 mm

Cour se # 2
Mat er i al : A- 36; Wi dt h = 7. 956 f t . >> 2. 425 m
Cor r osi on Al l ow. = 0. 0625 i n. >> 1. 588 mm
J oi nt Ef f i ci ency = 1



Pgi na 14 de 39
PG 14: : > API - 650 ONE FOOT METHOD

Sd = 23, 200 PSI ( al l owabl e desi gn st r ess per API - 650 Tabl e 5- 2b) >> 159. 958 MPa
St = 24, 900 PSI ( al l owabl e t est st r ess) >> 171. 679 MPa

DESI GN CONDI TI ON
G = 0. 89 ( per API - 650)

< Desi gn Condi t i on G = 0. 89 >

H' = Ef f ect i ve l i qui d head at desi gn pr essur e
= H + 2. 31*P( psi ) / G
= 15. 896 + 2. 31*0. 0625/ 0. 89 = 16. 06f t >> 4. 895 m

t - Cal c = 2. 6*OD*( H' - 1) *G/ ( Sd*E) + CA ( per API - 650 5. 6. 3. 2)
= 2. 6*23. 333*( 16. 06 - 1) *0. 89/ ( 23, 200*1) + 0. 0625
= 0. 0975 i n. >> 2. 477 mm

hMax_2 = E*Sd*( t _2 - CA_2) / ( 2. 6*OD*G) + 1
= 1*23, 200*( 0. 2362 - 0. 0625) / ( 2. 6 * 23. 333 * 0. 89) + 1
= 75. 637 f t . >> 23. 054 m

Pmax_2 = ( hMax_2 - H) * 0. 433 * G
= ( 75. 637 - 15. 896) * 0. 433 * 0. 89
= 23. 0224 PSI >> 0. 159 MPa

Pmax_i nt _shel l = Mi n( Pmax_i nt _shel l , Pmax_2)
= Mi n( 19. 9564, 23. 0224)

Pmax_i nt _shel l = 19. 9564 PSI >> 0. 138 MPa

HYDROSTATI C TEST CONDI TI ON

< Desi gn Condi t i on G = 1 >

H' = Ef f ect i ve l i qui d head at desi gn pr essur e
= H + 2. 31*P( psi ) / G
= 15. 896 + 2. 31*0. 0625/ 1 = 16. 04f t >> 4. 889 m

t . t est = 2. 6*23. 333*( 16. 04 - 1) / ( 24, 900*1) = 0. 0366 i n. >> 0. 93 mm

Cour se # 3
Mat er i al : A- 36; Wi dt h = 5. 873 f t . >> 1. 79 m
Cor r osi on Al l ow. = 0. 0625 i n. >> 1. 588 mm
J oi nt Ef f i ci ency = 1

API - 650 ONE FOOT METHOD

Sd = 23, 200 PSI ( al l owabl e desi gn st r ess per API - 650 Tabl e 5- 2b) >> 159. 958 MPa
St = 24, 900 PSI ( al l owabl e t est st r ess) >> 171. 679 MPa

DESI GN CONDI TI ON
G = 0. 89 ( per API - 650)

< Desi gn Condi t i on G = 0. 89 >

H' = Ef f ect i ve l i qui d head at desi gn pr essur e
= H + 2. 31*P( psi ) / G
= 7. 94 + 2. 31*0. 0625/ 0. 89 = 8. 1f t >> 2. 469 m



Pgi na 15 de 39
PG 15: : > t - Cal c = 2. 6*OD*( H' - 1) *G/ ( Sd*E) + CA ( per API - 650 5. 6. 3. 2)
= 2. 6*23. 333*( 8. 1 - 1) *0. 89/ ( 23, 200*1) + 0. 0625
= 0. 079 i n. >> 2. 007 mm

hMax_3 = E*Sd*( t _3 - CA_3) / ( 2. 6*OD*G) + 1
= 1*23, 200*( 0. 2362 - 0. 0625) / ( 2. 6 * 23. 333 * 0. 89) + 1
= 75. 637 f t . >> 23. 054 m

Pmax_3 = ( hMax_3 - H) * 0. 433 * G
= ( 75. 637 - 7. 94) * 0. 433 * 0. 89
= 26. 0884 PSI >> 0. 18 MPa

Pmax_i nt _shel l = Mi n( Pmax_i nt _shel l , Pmax_3)
= Mi n( 19. 9564, 26. 0884)

Pmax_i nt _shel l = 19. 9564 PSI >> 0. 138 MPa

HYDROSTATI C TEST CONDI TI ON

< Desi gn Condi t i on G = 1 >

H' = Ef f ect i ve l i qui d head at desi gn pr essur e
= H + 2. 31*P( psi ) / G
= 7. 94 + 2. 31*0. 0625/ 1 = 8. 08f t >> 2. 463 m

t . t est = 2. 6*23. 333*( 8. 08 - 1) / ( 24, 900*1) = 0. 0172 i n. >> 0. 437 mm

Cour se # 4
Mat er i al : A- 36; Wi dt h = 4. 462 f t . >> 1. 36 m
Cor r osi on Al l ow. = 0. 0625 i n. >> 1. 588 mm
J oi nt Ef f i ci ency = 1

API - 650 ONE FOOT METHOD

Sd = 23, 200 PSI ( al l owabl e desi gn st r ess per API - 650 Tabl e 5- 2b) >> 159. 958 MPa
St = 24, 900 PSI ( al l owabl e t est st r ess) >> 171. 679 MPa

DESI GN CONDI TI ON
G = 0. 89 ( per API - 650)

< Desi gn Condi t i on G = 0. 89 >

H' = Ef f ect i ve l i qui d head at desi gn pr essur e
= H + 2. 31*P( psi ) / G
= 2. 067 + 2. 31*0. 0625/ 0. 89 = 2. 23f t >> 0. 68 m

t - Cal c = 2. 6*OD*( H' - 1) *G/ ( Sd*E) + CA ( per API - 650 5. 6. 3. 2)
= 2. 6*23. 333*( 2. 23 - 1) *0. 89/ ( 23, 200*1) + 0. 0625
= 0. 0654 i n. >> 1. 661 mm

hMax_4 = E*Sd*( t _4 - CA_4) / ( 2. 6*OD*G) + 1
= 1*23, 200*( 0. 2362 - 0. 0625) / ( 2. 6 * 23. 333 * 0. 89) + 1
= 75. 637 f t . >> 23. 054 m

Pmax_4 = ( hMax_4 - H) * 0. 433 * G
= ( 75. 637 - 2. 067) * 0. 433 * 0. 89
= 28. 3517 PSI >> 0. 195 MPa





Pgi na 16 de 39
PG 16: : > Pmax_i nt _shel l = Mi n( Pmax_i nt _shel l , Pmax_4)
= Mi n( 19. 9564, 28. 3517)

Pmax_i nt _shel l = 19. 9564 PSI >> 0. 138 MPa

HYDROSTATI C TEST CONDI TI ON

< Desi gn Condi t i on G = 1 >

H' = Ef f ect i ve l i qui d head at desi gn pr essur e
= H + 2. 31*P( psi ) / G
= 2. 067 + 2. 31*0. 0625/ 1 = 2. 21f t >> 0. 674 m

t . t est = 2. 6*23. 333*( 2. 21 - 1) / ( 24, 900*1) = 0. 0029 i n. >> 0. 074 mm

<API - 650 APPENDI X V FOR EXTERNAL PRESSURE>

W( Wi nd Pr essur e) = 31*( V/ 120) ^2
= 31*( 63/ 120) ^2
= 8. 54 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 409 kPa

Pe ( Ext er nal Pr essur e) = 0. 0625 PSI , OR 1. 73 I n. H2O >> 0. MPa
= 9 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 431 kPa
Ps ( Shel l Desi gn Pr essur e) = MAX( Pe, W+ 0. 4*Pe)
= MAX( 9, 8. 54 + 0. 4*9)
= MAX( 9, 12. 14)
= 12. 14 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 581 kPa

Wt r = Tr ansposed Wi dt h of each Shel l Cour se
= Wi dt h*[ t _t op / t _cour se ] ^2. 5

Tr ansf or mi ng Cour ses ( 1) t o ( 4)

Wt r ( 1) = 7. 956*[ 0. 2362/ 0. 2362 ] ^2. 5 = 7. 956 f t >> 2. 425 m
Wt r ( 2) = 7. 956*[ 0. 2362/ 0. 2362 ] ^2. 5 = 7. 956 f t >> 2. 425 m
Wt r ( 3) = 5. 873*[ 0. 2362/ 0. 2362 ] ^2. 5 = 5. 873 f t >> 1. 79 m
Wt r ( 4) = 4. 4292*[ 0. 2362/ 0. 2362 ] ^2. 5 = 4. 4292 f t >> 1. 35 m
Ht s ( Hei ght of t he Tr ansf or med Shel l )
= SUM{Wt r } = 26. 2142 f t >> 7. 99 m



Pgi na 17 de 39
PG 17: : >* * * SHELL STI FFENI NG PER API - 650 APP. V. 8 * * *

D ( Tank OD) = 23. 333 f t >> 7. 112 m
SHELL MATERI AL ( t hi nnest cour se) : A- 36
t s1 ( Top Shel l Thi ckness) = 0. 2362 i n. >> 5. 999 mm
t sn ( Bot t omShel l Thi ckness) = 0. 2362 i n. >> 5. 999 mm
t smi n ( Smal l est Act ual Shel l Thi ckness) = 0. 2362 i n. >> 5. 999 mm
J Er ( Roof J oi nt Ef f i ci ency) = 1
J Es ( Top Shel l J oi nt Ef f i ci ency) = 1
Ht s ( Tr ansf or med Shel l Hei ght ) = 26. 2142 f t >> 7. 99 m
f _shel l ( Al l owabl e St r ess f or t hi nnest Shel l ) = 23, 200 psi >> 159. 958 MPa
Fy_shel l ( Yi el d St r ess f or t hi nnest Shel l ) = 36, 000 psi >> 248. 211 MPa
E ( Mod. of El ast i ci t y f or t hi nnest Shel l ) = 28, 799, 999 psi >> 198568. 995 MPa
TOP STI FFENER MATERI AL : A- 36
f _st i f f ( Al l owabl e St r ess f or St i f f ener ) = 23, 200 psi >> 159. 958 MPa
Fy_st i f f ( Yi el d St r ess f or St i f f ener ) = 36, 000 psi >> 248. 211 MPa
SHELL STI FFENER MATERI AL : N/ A
f _st i f f ( Al l owabl e St r ess f or St i f f ener ) = N/ A
Fy_st i f f ( Yi el d St r ess f or St i f f ener ) = N/ A
BOTTOM STI FFENER MATERI AL :
f _st i f f ( Al l owabl e St r ess f or St i f f ener ) = 0 psi >> 0. MPa
Fy_st i f f ( Yi el d St r ess f or St i f f ener ) = 0 psi >> 0. MPa
BOTTOM PLATE MATERI AL : A- 36
f _bt m( Al l owabl e St r ess f or Bot t omFl oor ) = 23, 200 psi >> 159. 958 MPa
Fy_shel l ( Yi el d St r ess f or Bot t omFl oor ) = 36, 000 psi >> 248. 211 MPa
J En ( Bot t omShel l J oi nt Ef f i ci ency) = 1
J Eb ( Bot t omJ oi nt Ef f i ci ency) = 1
Bot t omFl oor OD = 23. 6663 f t >> 7. 213 m

<V. 8. 1 UNSTI FFENED SHELLS>

Pe ( Ext er nal Pr essur e) = 9 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 431 kPa
Ps ( Shel l Desi gn Pr essur e) = 12. 14 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 581 kPa

V. 8. 1. 1 Cr i t er i a ( El ast i c Fai l ur e when EFC >= 0. 19,
ot her wi se must use ASME Sect i on VI I I )
EFC = ( D/ t smi n) ^0. 75*[ ( Ht s/ D) *( Fy/ E) ^0. 5]
= ( 23. 333/ 0. 2362) ^0. 75*[ ( 26. 2142/ 23. 333) *( 36, 000/ 28, 799, 999) ^0. 5]
= 1. 2446
Si nce EFC >= 0. 19, usi ng App. V met hod.

Condi t i on 1: Wi nd pl us speci f i ed ext er nal ( vacuum) pr essur e
Si nce Pe <= 15, PSI 1 = ( Pe + 15) / 20 = 1. 2

<V. 8. 1. 2 Max Ext er nal Pr essur e>
PS_Max = 0. 6*E/ [ PSI 1*( Ht s/ D) *( D/ t smi n) ^2. 5]
= 0. 6*28, 799, 999/ [ 1. 2*( 26. 2142/ 23. 333) *( 23. 333/ 0. 2362) ^2. 5]
= 132. 1508 l bf / f t ^2 >> 6. 327 kPa
= 0. 9177 psi >> 0. 006 MPa

PV_max1 = Mi n( PS_Max, [ PS_Max - W/ 144] / 0. 4)
= Mi n( 0. 9177, 2. 146)
= 0. 9177 psi >> 0. 006 MPa

Condi t i on 2: Speci f i ed ext er nal ( vacuum) pr essur e onl y
PSI 2 = 3




Pgi na 18 de 39
PG 18: : > <V. 8. 1. 2 Max Ext er nal Pr essur e>
PV_Max2 = 0. 6*E/ [ PSI 2*( Ht s/ D) *( D/ t smi n) ^2. 5]
= 0. 6*28, 799, 999/ [ 3*( 26. 2142/ 23. 333) *( 23. 333/ 0. 2362) ^2. 5]
= 52. 8603 l bf / f t ^2 >> 2. 531 kPa
= 0. 3671 psi >> 0. 003 MPa

PV_Max = Mi n( PV_Max1, PV_Max2)
= Mi n( 0. 9177, 0. 3671)
= 0. 3671 psi >> 0. 003 MPa

Si nce PSI 1*Ps < 3*Pe, PSI = 3 & Ps = Pe

<V. 8. 1. 3 Mi n t hi ckness due t o Desi gn Pr essur e>
t _mi n_ext = 1. 23*[ ( PSI *Ht s*Ps) ^0. 4] *( D^0. 6) / ( E^0. 4)
= 1. 23*[ ( 3*26. 2142*9) ^0. 4] *( 23. 333^0. 6) / ( 28, 799, 999^0. 4)
= 0. 1167 i n. >> 2. 964 mm

<V. 8. 2 CI RCUMFERENTI ALLY STI FFENED SHELLS>

<V. 8. 2. 1. 2 Maxi mumUnst i f f ened Shel l Hei ght >
Hs = 0. 6*( t smi n^2. 5) *( E) / [ ( D^1. 5) *Ps*PSI ]
= 0. 6*( 0. 2362^2. 5) *( 28, 799, 999) / [ ( 23. 333^1. 5) *9*3]
= 153. 97 f t . >> 46. 93 m

<V. 8. 2. 1. 3 Number of St i f f ener s Requi r ed>
Ns = Ht s/ Hs - 1 ( Rounded Up)
= 26. 2142/ 153. 97 - 1
= - 0. 8297, Rounded Up => 0
Act ual Number of St i f f ener s = 0

<V. 8. 2. 1. 4 Maxi mumSt i f f ener Spaci ng on t r ansposed shel l >

Lx = Ht s/ ( Ns + 1)
= 26. 2142/ ( 0 + 1)
= 26. 2142 f t >> 7. 99 m

Si nce no I nt . Wi nd Gi r der s ar e speci f i ed,
St i f f ener Spaci ng ( Ls) = N. A.
t _mi n_ext _st i f f = N. A.

<V. 8. 2. 2 I nt er medi at e St i f f ener Ri ng Desi gn>

No cal cul at i ons per f or med si nce no st i f f ener s ar e r equi r ed.

SHELL COURSE #1 SUMMARY
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

t _mi n_ext gover ns. See t he STI FFENI NG RI NGS Cal cul at i ons.

t - Cal c = MAX( t - Cal c_650, t _mi n_ext , t . sei smi c)
= MAX( 0. 1161, 0. 1167, 0. 1131)
= 0. 1167 i n. >> 2. 964 mm

t - 650mi n = 0. 236 i n. ( per API - 650 Sect i on 5. 6. 1. 1, NOTE 4) >> 5. 994 mm


t . r equi r ed = MAX( t . desi gn, t . t est , t . mi n650) = 0. 236 i n. >> 5. 994 mm
t . act ual = 0. 2362 i n. >> 5. 999 mm




Pgi na 19 de 39
PG 19: : > Wei ght = Densi t y*PI *[ ( 12*OD) - t ] *12*Wi dt h*t
= 0. 2833*PI *[ ( 12*23. 333) - 0. 2362] *12*7. 956*0. 2362
= 5, 615 l bf ( New) >> 24976. 767 N
= 4, 130 l bf ( Cor r oded) >> 18371. 157 N


SHELL COURSE #2 SUMMARY
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

t _mi n_ext gover ns. See t he STI FFENI NG RI NGS Cal cul at i ons.

t - Cal c = MAX( t - Cal c_650, t _mi n_ext , t . sei smi c)
= MAX( 0. 0975, 0. 1167, 0. 099)
= 0. 1167 i n. >> 2. 964 mm

t - 650mi n = 0. 1875 i n. ( per API - 650 Sect i on 5. 6. 1. 1, NOTE 4) >> 4. 763 mm


t . r equi r ed = MAX( t . desi gn, t . t est , t . mi n650) = 0. 1875 i n. >> 4. 763 mm
t . act ual = 0. 2362 i n. >> 5. 999 mm

Wei ght = Densi t y*PI *[ ( 12*OD) - t ] *12*Wi dt h*t
= 0. 2833*PI *[ ( 12*23. 333) - 0. 2362] *12*7. 956*0. 2362
= 5, 615 l bf ( New) >> 24976. 767 N
= 4, 130 l bf ( Cor r oded) >> 18371. 157 N


SHELL COURSE #3 SUMMARY
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

t _mi n_ext gover ns. See t he STI FFENI NG RI NGS Cal cul at i ons.

t - Cal c = MAX( t - Cal c_650, t _mi n_ext , t . sei smi c)
= MAX( 0. 079, 0. 1167, 0. 0823)
= 0. 1167 i n. >> 2. 964 mm

t - 650mi n = 0. 1875 i n. ( per API - 650 Sect i on 5. 6. 1. 1, NOTE 4) >> 4. 763 mm


t . r equi r ed = MAX( t . desi gn, t . t est , t . mi n650) = 0. 1875 i n. >> 4. 763 mm
t . act ual = 0. 2362 i n. >> 5. 999 mm

Wei ght = Densi t y*PI *[ ( 12*OD) - t ] *12*Wi dt h*t
= 0. 2833*PI *[ ( 12*23. 333) - 0. 2362] *12*5. 873*0. 2362
= 4, 145 l bf ( New) >> 18437. 88 N
= 3, 049 l bf ( Cor r oded) >> 13562. 629 N


SHELL COURSE #4 SUMMARY
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

t _mi n_ext gover ns. See t he STI FFENI NG RI NGS Cal cul at i ons.

t - Cal c = MAX( t - Cal c_650, t _mi n_ext , t . sei smi c)
= MAX( 0. 0654, 0. 1167, 0. 0702)
= 0. 1167 i n. >> 2. 964 mm

t - 650mi n = 0. 1875 i n. ( per API - 650 Sect i on 5. 6. 1. 1, NOTE 4) >> 4. 763 mm




Pgi na 20 de 39
PG 20: : > t . r equi r ed = MAX( t . desi gn, t . t est , t . mi n650) = 0. 1875 i n. >> 4. 763 mm
t . act ual = 0. 2362 i n. >> 5. 999 mm

Wei ght = Densi t y*PI *[ ( 12*OD) - t ] *12*Wi dt h*t
= 0. 2833*PI *[ ( 12*23. 333) - 0. 2362] *12*4. 462*0. 2362
= 3, 149 l bf ( New) >> 14007. 451 N
= 2, 316 l bf ( Cor r oded) >> 10302. 082 N






Pgi na 21 de 39
PG 21: : >FLAT BOTTOM: NON- ANNULAR PLATE DESI GN

Bot t omPl at e Mat er i al : A- 36
Annul ar Bot t omPl at e Mat er i al : A- 36

<Wei ght of Bot t omPl at e>

Bot t om_Ar ea = PI / 4*( Bot t om_OD) ^2
= PI / 4*( 283. 996) ^2
= 63, 345 i n^2 >> 408676. 602 cm^2

Wei ght = Densi t y * t . act ual * Bot t om_Ar ea
= 0. 2833 * 0. 315 * 63, 345
= 5, 653 l bf ( New) >> 25145. 799 N
= 4, 531 l bf ( Cor r oded) >> 20154. 894 N

< API - 650 >

Cal cul at i on of Hydr ost at i c Test St r ess & Pr oduct Desi gn St r ess
( per API - 650 Sect i on 5. 5. 1)

t _1 : Bot t om( 1st ) Shel l Cour se t hi ckness.

H' = Max. Li q. Level + P( psi ) / ( 0. 433)
= 23. 852 + ( 0. 0625) / ( 0. 433) = 23. 9963 f t >> 7. 314 m

St = Hydr ost at i c Test St r ess i n Bot t om( 1st ) Shel l Cour se
= ( 2. 6) ( OD) ( H' - 1) / t _1
= ( 2. 6) ( 23. 333) ( 23. 9963 - 1) / ( 0. 2362)
= 5, 906 PSI . ( Wi t hi n 24900 PSI l i mi t f or Non- Annul ar Bot t om)

Sd = Pr oduct Desi gn St r ess i n Bot t om( 1st ) Shel l Cour se
= ( 2. 6) ( OD) ( H' - 1) ( G) / ( t _1 - ca_1)
= ( 2. 6) ( 23. 333) ( 23. 9963 - 1) ( 0. 89) / ( 0. 1737)
= 7, 148 PSI . ( Wi t hi n 23200 PSI l i mi t f or Non- Annul ar Bot t om)

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

<Non- Annul ar Bot t omPl at es>

t _mi n = 0. 236 + CA = 0. 236 + 0. 0625 = 0. 2985 i n. ( per Sect i on 5. 4. 1) >> 7. 582 mm

t - Cal c = t _mi n = 0. 2985 i n. >> 7. 582 mm

t - Act ual = 0. 315 i n. >> 8. 001 mm

< VacuumCal cul at i ons > ( per ASME Sect i on VI I I Di v. 1)

Wei ght of Cor r . Bot t omPl at e Resi st i ng Ext er nal Vacuum

P_bt m= 0. 2833 * 0. 2525
= 0. 0715 PSI or 1. 98 I N. H2O >> 0. MPa

P_ext = PV + P_bt m= - 0. 0625 + 0. 0715 = 0. 009 PSI or 0. 25 I N. H2O >> 0. MPa
Si nce P_ext > 0, P_ext = 0

t d_ext = ( t - Cal c - CA) ( 1st cour se)
= ( 0. 1167 - 0. 0625)
= 0. 0542 i n. >> 1. 377 mm



Pgi na 22 de 39
PG 22: : > t s = ( t . act ual - CA) ( 1st cour se)
= ( 0. 2362 - 0. 0625)
= 0. 1737 i n. >> 4. 412 mm

C = 0. 33 * t d_ext / t s
= 0. 33 * 0. 0542 / 0. 1737
= 0. 103

si nce C < 0. 2, set C = 0. 2

t - Vac = OD*SQRT( C*P_ext / SE) + CA
= ( 280) *SQRT[ ( 0. 2) ( 0) / ( 23, 200) ( 1) ] + 0. 0625
= 0. 0625 i n. >> 1. 588 mm

t - Cal c = MAX( t - Cal c, t - Vac)
= MAX( 0. 2985, 0. 0625)
= 0. 2985 i n. >> 7. 582 mm

P_max_ext er nal ( Vacuuml i mi t ed by bot t ompl at e t hi ckness)
= - ( [ ( t - CA) / OD] ^2*( S*E/ C) + P_bt m)
= - ( [ ( 0. 315 - 0. 0625) / 280] ^2*( 23, 200*1/ 0. 2) + 0. 0715)
= - 0. 1659 PSI or - 4. 60 I N. H2O >> - 0. 001 MPa

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Wt r = Tr ansposed Wi dt h of each Shel l Cour se
= Wi dt h*[ t _t op / t _cour se ] ^2. 5

Tr ansf or mi ng Cour ses ( 1) t o ( 4)

Wt r ( 1) = 7. 956*[ 0. 2362/ 0. 2362 ] ^2. 5 = 7. 956 f t >> 2. 425 m
Wt r ( 2) = 7. 956*[ 0. 2362/ 0. 2362 ] ^2. 5 = 7. 956 f t >> 2. 425 m
Wt r ( 3) = 5. 873*[ 0. 2362/ 0. 2362 ] ^2. 5 = 5. 873 f t >> 1. 79 m
Wt r ( 4) = 4. 4292*[ 0. 2362/ 0. 2362 ] ^2. 5 = 4. 4292 f t >> 1. 35 m
Ht s ( Hei ght of t he Tr ansf or med Shel l )
= SUM{Wt r } = 26. 2142 f t >> 7. 99 m

<API - 650 APPENDI X V FOR EXTERNAL PRESSURE>

W( Wi nd Pr essur e) = 31*( V/ 120) ^2
= 31*( 63/ 120) ^2
= 8. 54 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 409 kPa

Pe ( Ext er nal Pr essur e) = 0. 0625 PSI , OR 1. 73 I n. H2O >> 0. MPa
= 9 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 431 kPa
Ps ( Shel l Desi gn Pr essur e) = MAX( Pe, W+ 0. 4*Pe)
= MAX( 9, 8. 54 + 0. 4*9)
= MAX( 9, 12. 14)
= 12. 14 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 581 kPa



Pgi na 23 de 39
PG 23: : >* * * BOTTOM END STI FFENI NG CALCULATI ONS PER V. 8 * * *

Usi ng API - 650 App. V f or f l at bot t omt ank st i f f eni ng.

<V. 8. 2. 3 Cont r i but i ng Shel l at St i f f ener >
w_shel l = 1. 47*( D*t sn) ^0. 5
= 1. 47*( 23. 333*0. 2362) ^0. 5
= 3. 451 i n. >> 87. 655 mm

<V. 8. 2. 3. 1 Radi al Load, VI >
VI = Ps * H/ 48
= 12. 14 * 26. 247/ 48
= 6. 6383 l bf / f t >> 29. 529 N

<V. 8. 2. 2. 1 Number of Waves>
N^2 = SQRT[ 5. 33*D^3/ ( t smi n*Ht s^2) ]
= SQRT[ 5. 33*23. 333^3/ ( 0. 2362*26. 2142^2) ]
= 20. 42
N = 4. 52

<V. 8. 2. 3. 2 Requi r ed Moment of I ner t i a>

w_bt m( Wi dt h of bot t omavai l abl e f or I )
= 16*t b
= 5. 04i n. >> 128. 016 mm

I _r eqd = 648*VI *D^3/ [ E*( N^2- 1) ]
= 648*6. 6383*23. 333^3/ [ 28, 799, 999*( 4. 52^2- 1) ]
= 0. 098 i n^4

I _act ual = 3. 4514 i n^4
usi ng NONE, t sn = 0. 2362 i n. , & W_shel l = 3. 451 i n. >> 87. 655 mm

<V. 8. 2. 3. 3. 1 Ar ea Requi r ed>

def i ne f = Mi n( Fy_bot t om, Fy_shel l , Fy_st i f f )
= Mi n( 23, 200, 23, 200, N. A. )
= 23, 200 psi >> 159. 958 MPa

A_r eqd = 6*VI *D/ f
= 6*6. 6383*23. 333/ 23, 200
= 0. 0401 i n^4

<V. 8. 2. 3. 3. 2 Ar ea r equi r ed by st i f f ener >

A_st i f f _r eqd = A_r eqd - J Eb*t b*w_bt m- J En*t sn*w_shel l
= 0. 0401 - 1*0. 315*5. 04 - 1*0. 2362*3. 451
= - 2. 36 i n^2 >> - 15. 226 cm^2

Si nce A_st i f f _r eqd <=0, No Bot t omSt i f f ener Requi r ed


A_st i f f = 0 i n^2 >> 0. cm^2
usi ng NONE

A_act ual = A_st i f f + J Eb*t b*w_bt m+ J En*t sn*w_shel l
= 0 + 1*0. 315*5. 04 + 1*0. 2362*3. 451
= 2. 4 i n^2 >> 15. 484 cm^2




Pgi na 24 de 39
PG 24: : >< FLAT BOTTOM: NON- ANNULAR SUMMARY >

Bot t omPl at e Mat er i al : A- 36
t . r equi r ed = 0. 2985 i n. >> 7. 582 mm
t . act ual = 0. 315 i n. >> 8. 001 mm









Pgi na 25 de 39
PG 25==>NET UPLI FT DUE TO I NTERNAL PRESSURE
( See r oof r epor t f or cal cul at i ons)
Net _Upl i f t = - 14, 288 l bf >> - 63556. 196 N
Anchor age NOT r equi r ed f or i nt er nal pr essur e.

WI ND MOMENT ( Per API - 650 SECTI ON 5. 11)

vs = Wi nd Vel oci t y = 63 mph >> 101. 389 km/ hr
vf = Vel oci t y Fact or = ( vs/ 120) ^2 = ( 63/ 120) ^2 = 0. 2756

Wi nd_Upl i f t = I w * 30 * vf
= 1. 15 * 30 * 0. 2756
= 9. 5091 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 455 kPa

API - 650 5. 2. 1. k Upl i f t Check
P_F41 = WCt oPSI ( 0. 962*Fy*A*TAN( Thet a) / D^2 + 8*t _h)
P_F41 = WCt oPSI ( 0. 962*36, 000*2. 42*0. 2217/ 23. 333^2 + 8*0. 2525)
= 1. 3041 PSI >> 0. 009 MPa
Li mi t Wi nd_Upl i f t / 144+P t o 1. 6*P_F41
Wi nd_Upl i f t / 144 + P = 0. 1199 PSI >> 0. 001 MPa
1. 6*P_F41 = 2. 0866 PSI >> 0. 014 MPa

Wi nd_Upl i f t / 144 + P = MI N( Wi nd_Upl i f t / 144 + P, 1. 6*P_F41)
Wi nd_Upl i f t / 144 = MI N( Wi nd_Upl i f t / 144, 1. 6*P_F41 - P)
Wi nd_Upl i f t = MI N( Wi nd_Upl i f t , ( 1. 6*P_F41 - P) * 144)
= MI N( 9. 5091, 291. 4646)
= 9. 5091 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 455 kPa

Ap_Ver t = Ver t i cal Pr oj ect ed Ar ea of Roof
= pt *OD^2/ 48
= 2. 66*23. 333^2/ 48
= 30. 17 f t ^2 >> 2. 803 m^2

Hor i zont al Pr oj ect ed Ar ea of Roof ( Per API - 650 5. 2. 1. f )

Xw = Moment Ar mof UPLI FT wi nd f or ce on r oof
= 0. 5*OD
= 0. 5*23. 333
= 11. 6665 f t >> 3. 556 m
Ap = Pr oj ect ed Ar ea of r oof f or wi nd moment
= PI *R^2
= PI *11. 6665^2
= 427. 593 f t ^2 >> 39. 725 m^2

M_r oof ( Moment Due t o Wi nd For ce on Roof )
= ( Wi nd_Upl i f t ) ( Ap) ( Xw)
= ( 9. 5091) ( 427. 593) ( 11. 6665) = 47, 436 l bf - f t >> 64314. 583 N- m

Xs ( Moment Ar mof Wi nd For ce on Shel l )
= H/ 2 = ( 26. 247) / 2 = 13. 1235 f t >> 4. m

As ( Pr oj ect ed Ar ea of Shel l )
= H*( OD + t _i ns / 6)
= ( 26. 247) ( 23. 333 + 0/ 6) = 612. 4213 f t ^2 >> 56. 896 m^2

M_shel l ( Moment Due t o Wi nd For ce on Shel l )
= ( I w) ( vf ) ( 18) ( As) ( Xs)
= ( 1. 15) ( 0. 2756) ( 18) ( 612. 4213) ( 13. 1235) = 45, 855 l bf - f t >> 62171. 034 N- m




Pgi na 26 de 39
PG 26: : > Mw ( Wi nd moment )
= M_r oof + M_shel l = 47, 436 + 45, 855
= 93, 291 l bf - f t >> 126485. 617 N- m

W = Net wei ght ( PER API - 650 5. 11. 3)
( For ce due t o cor r oded wei ght of shel l and
shel l - suppor t ed r oof pl at es l ess
40%of F. 1. 2 Upl i f t f or ce. )

= W_shel l + W_r oof - 0. 4*P*( PI / 4) ( 144) ( OD^2)
= 13, 625 + 4, 511 - 0. 0625*( PI / 4) ( 144) ( 23. 333^2)
= 16, 597 l bf >> 73827. 141 N

RESI STANCE TO OVERTURNI NG ( per API - 650 5. 11. 2)

An unanchor ed Tank must meet t hese t wo cr i t er i a:
1) 0. 6*Mw + MPi < MDL/ 1. 5
2) Mw + 0. 4MPi < ( MDL + MF) / 2

Mw = Dest abi l i zi ng Wi nd Moment = 93, 291 l bf - f t >> 126485. 617 N- m

MPi = Dest abi l i zi ng Moment about t he Shel l - t o- Bot t omJ oi nt f r omDesi gn
Pr essur e.
= P*( PI *OD^2/ 4) *( 144) *( OD/ 2)
= 0. 0625*( 3. 1416*23. 333^2/ 4) *( 144) *( 11. 6665)
= 44, 897 l bf - f t >> 60872. 161 N- m

MDL = St abi l i zi ng Moment about t he Shel l - t o- Bot t omJ oi nt f r omt he Shel l and
Roof wei ght suppor t ed by t he Shel l .
= ( W_shel l + W_r oof ) *OD/ 2
= ( 13, 625 + 4, 511) *11. 6665
= 211, 584 l bf - f t >> 286869. 396 N- m

t b = Bot t omPl at e t hi ckness l ess C. A. = 0. 2525 i n. >> 6. 414 mm

wl = Ci r cumf er ent i al l oadi ng of cont ent s al ong Shel l - To- Bot t omJ oi nt .
= 4. 67*t b*SQRT( Sy_bt m*H_l i q)
= 4. 67*0. 2525*SQRT( 36, 000*23. 852)
= 1, 093 l bf / f t >> 4861. 907 N

wl = 0. 9 * H_l i q * OD ( l esser val ue t han above)
= 0. 9*23. 852*23. 333
= 500. 88 l bf / f t >> 2228. 025 N

MF = St abi l i zi ng Moment due t o Bot t omPl at e and Li qui d Wei ght .
= ( OD/ 2) *wl *PI *OD
= ( 11. 6665) ( 500. 88) ( 3. 1416) ( 23. 333)
= 428, 346 l bf - f t >> 580759. 217 N- m

Cr i t er i a 1
0. 6*( 93, 291) + 44, 897 < 211, 584/ 1. 5
Si nce 100, 872 < 141, 056, Tank i s st abl e.

Cr i t er i a 2
93, 291 + 0. 4 * 44, 897 < ( 211, 584 + 428, 346) / 2
Si nce 111, 250 < 319, 965, Tank i s st abl e.

RESI STANCE TO SLI DI NG ( per API - 650 5. 11. 4)




Pgi na 27 de 39
PG 27: : > F_wi nd = vF * 18 * As
= 0. 2756 * 18 * 612. 4213
= 3, 038 l bf >> 13513. 698 N

F_f r i ct i on = Maxi mumof 40%of Wei ght of Tank
= 0. 4 * ( W_Roof _Cor r oded + W_Shel l _Cor r oded +
W_Bt m_Cor r oded + W_mi n_Li qui d)
= 0. 4 * ( 4, 511 + 13, 625 + 4, 531 + 0)
= 9, 067 l bf >> 40332. 029 N

No anchor age needed t o r esi st sl i di ng si nce

F_f r i ct i on > F_wi nd

<Anchor age Requi r ement >
Anchor age NOT r equi r ed si nce Cr i t er i a 1, Cr i t er i a 2, and Sl i di ng
ARE accept abl e.



Pgi na 28 de 39
PG 28: : >SEI SMI C CALCULATI ONS PER API - 650 11TH ED. , ADDENDUM 2

< Non ASCE7 ( Sp) Met hod >

WEI GHTS
Ws = Wei ght of Shel l ( I ncl . Shel l St i f f ener s & I nsul . )
= 18, 759 l bf >> 83444. 196 N
Wf = Wei ght of Fl oor ( I ncl . Annul ar Ri ng)
= 5, 653 l bf >> 25145. 799 N
Wr = Wei ght Fi xed Roof , f r ami ng and 10%of Desi gn Li ve Load & I nsul .
= 6, 504 l bf >> 28931. 236 N




Pgi na 29 de 39
PG 29: : >SEI SMI C VARI ABLES
SUG = Sei smi c Use Gr oup ( I mpor t ance f act or depends on SUG)
= I I I
Si t e Cl ass = D
Sp = Desi gn l evel peak gr ound accel er at i on par amet er f or si t es not
addr essed by ASCE met hods
= 0. 4 Deci mal %g
Ss = Desi gn Spect r al Response Par am. ( 5%damped) f or Shor t Per i ods
( T=0. 2 sec) ( Ss = 2. 5*Sp per E. 4. 3 f or mul a E. 4. 3- 1)
= 1 Deci mal %g
S1 = Desi gn Spect r al Response Par am. ( 5%damped) f or 1- Second Per i ods
( T=1. 0 sec) ( S1 = 1. 25*Sp per E. 4. 3 f or mul a E. 4. 3- 2)
= 0. 5 Deci mal %g
T_L = Regi onal Dependent Tr ansi t i on Per i od f or Long Per i od Gr ound Mot i on
( per API - 650 E. 4. 6. 1 f or r egi ons out si de t he USA)
= 4 sec.
Av = Ver t i cal Ear t hquake Accel er at i on Coef f i ci ent
= 0 Deci mal %g
Q = Scal i ng f act or f r omt he MCE t o desi gn l evel spect r al accel er at i ons
= 1
Fa = Accel er at i on- based si t e coef f i ci ent ( at . 2 sec per i od) ( Tabl e E- 1)
= 1. 1
Fv = Vel oci t y- based si t e coef f i ci ent ( at 1 sec per i od) ( Tabl e E- 2)
= 1. 5
I = I mpor t ance f act or def i ned by Sei smi c Use Gr oup
= 1. 5
Rwi = For ce r educt i on f act or f or t he i mpul si ve mode usi ng al l owabl e
st r ess desi gn met hods.
= 4
Rwc = For ce r educt i on f act or f or t he convect i ve mode usi ng al l owabl e
st r ess desi gn met hods.
= 2
Ci = Coef f i ci ent f or i mpul si ve per i od of t ank syst em( Fi g E- 1)
= 6. 22
t u = Equi val ent uni f or mt hi ckness of t ank shel l
= 0. 2362 i n. >> 5. 999 mm
Densi t y = Densi t y of t ank pr oduct . SG*62. 4
= 55. 536 l bf / f t ^3 >> 247. 036 N
E = El ast i c modul us of t ank mat er i al ( bot t omshel l cour se)
= 28, 799, 999 PSI >> 198568. 995 MPa
Sds = The desi gn spect r al r esponse accel er at i on par am. ( 5%damped)
at shor t per i ods ( T = 0. 2 sec) based on ASCE7 met hods.
= Q*Fa*Ss
= 1*1. 1*1
= 1. 1 deci mal %g
Sd1 = The desi gn spect r al r esponse accel er at i on par am. ( 5%damped)
at 1 second based on ASCE7 met hods.
= Q*Fv*S1
= 1*1. 5*0. 5
= 0. 75 deci mal %g




Pgi na 30 de 39
PG 30: : >E. 4. 5 STRUCTURAL PERI OD OF VI BRATI ON
E. 4. 5. 1 I mpul si ve Nat ur al Per i od
Ti = ( 1/ 27. 8) *( Ci *H) / ( ( t u/ D) ^0. 5) *( Densi t y^0. 5/ E^0. 5)
= ( 1/ 27. 8) *( 6. 22*23. 852/ ( ( 0. 2362/ 23. 333) ^0. 5) *( 55. 536^0. 5/ 28, 799, 999^0. 5)
= 0. 07 sec.
E. 4. 5. 2 Convect i ve ( Sl oshi ng) Per i od
Ks = 0. 578/ SQRT( TANH( 3. 68*H/ D) )
= 0. 578/ SQRT( TANH( 3. 68/ 0. 978) )
= 0. 5783
Tc = Ks*SQRT( D)
= 0. 5783*SQRT( 23. 333)
= 2. 79 sec.
E. 4. 6. 1 Spect r al Accel er at i on Coef f i ci ent s
Ai = I mpul si ve spect r al accel er at i on par amet er
= MAX( 2. 5*Q*Fa*Sp*I / Rwi , 0. 007)
= MAX( 2. 5*1*1. 1*0. 4*1. 5/ 4, 0. 007)
= MAX( 0. 4125, 0. 007)
= 0. 4125 deci mal %g
K = Coef f i ci ent t o adj ust spect r al accel er at i on f r om5%- 0. 5%dampi ng
= 1. 5
Ac = Convect i ve spect r al accel er at i on par amet er
= 2. 5*K*Q*Fa*Sp*TS/ Tc*I / Rwc
= 2. 5*1. 5*1*1. 1*0. 4*0. 6818/ 2. 79*1. 5/ 2
= 0. 3024 deci mal %g

E. 6. 1. 1 EFFECTI VE WEI GHT OF PRODUCT
D/ H = Rat i o of Tank Di amet er t o Desi gn Li qui d Level
= 0. 978
Wp = Tot al Wei ght of Tank Cont ent s based on S. G.
= 566, 555 l bf >> 2520162. 415 N
Wi = Ef f ect i ve I mpul si ve Por t i on of t he Li qui d Wei ght
= [ 1 - 0. 218*D/ H] *Wp
= [ 1 - 0. 218*0. 978] *566, 555
= 445, 763 l bf >> 1982852. 783 N
Wc = Ef f ect i ve Convect i ve ( Sl oshi ng) Por t i on of t he Li qui d Wei ght
= 0. 23*D/ H*TANH( 3. 67*H/ D) *Wp
= 0. 23*0. 978*TANH( 3. 67/ 0. 978) *566, 555
= 127, 301 l bf >> 566263. 109 N
Wef f = Ef f ect i ve Wei ght Cont r i but i ng t o Sei smi c Response
= Wi + Wc
= 573, 064 l bf >> 2549115. 892 N
Wr s = Roof Load Act i ng on Shel l , i ncl udi ng 10%of Li ve Load
= 6, 504 l bf >> 28931. 236 N

E. 6. 1 DESI GN LOADS
Vi = Desi gn base shear due t o i mpul si ve component f r omef f ect i ve wei ght
of t ank and cont ent s
= Ai *( Ws + Wr + Wf + Wi )
= 0. 4125*( 18, 759 + 6, 504 + 5, 653 + 445, 763)
= 196, 630 l bf >> 874653. 892 N
Vc = Desi gn base shear due t o convect i ve component of t he ef f ect i ve
sl oshi ng wei ght
= Ac*Wc
= 0. 3024*127, 301
= 38, 498 l bf >> 171247. 651 N
V = Tot al desi gn base shear
= SQRT( Vi ^2 + Vc^2)
= SQRT( 196, 630^2 + 38, 498^2)
= 200, 363 l bf >> 891259. 105 N



Pgi na 31 de 39
PG 31: : >E. 6. 1. 2 CENTER OF ACTI ON f or EFFECTI VE LATERAL FORCES
Xs = Hei ght f r omBot t omt o t he Shel l ' s Cent er of Gr avi t y
= 13. 123 f t >> 4. m
RCG = Hei ght f r omTop of Shel l t o Roof Cent er of Gr avi t y
= 0. 647 f t >> 0. 197 m
Xr = Hei ght f r omBot t omof Shel l t o Roof Cent er of Gr avi t y
= h + RCG
= 26. 247 + 0. 647
= 26. 894 f t >> 8. 197 m

E. 6. 1. 2. 1 CENTER OF ACTI ON f or RI NGWALL OVERTURNI NG MOMENT
Xi = Hei ght t o Cent er of Act i on of t he Lat er al Sei smi c f or ce r el at ed t o
t he I mpul si ve Li qui d For ce f or Ri ngwal l Moment
= ( 0. 5 - 0. 094*D/ H) *H
= ( 0. 5 - 0. 094*0. 978) *23. 852
= 9. 73 f t >> 2. 966 m
Xc = Hei ght t o Cent er of Act i on of t he Lat er al Sei smi c f or ce r el at ed t o
t he Convect i ve Li qui d For ce f or Ri ngwal l Moment
= ( 1- ( COSH( 3. 67*H/ D) - 1) / ( ( 3. 67*H/ D) *SI NH( 3. 67*H/ D) ) ) *H
= ( 1- ( COSH( 3. 7526) - 1) / ( ( 3. 7526) *SI NH( 3. 7526) ) ) *23. 852
= 17. 79 f t >> 5. 422 m

E. 6. 1. 2. 2 CENTER OF ACTI ON f or SLAB OVERTURNI NG MOMENT
Xi s = Hei ght t o Cent er of Act i on of t he Lat er al Sei smi c f or ce r el at ed t o
t he I mpul si ve Li qui d For ce f or t he Sl ab Moment
= [ 0. 5 + 0. 06*D/ H] *H
= [ 0. 5 + 0. 06*0. 978] *23. 852
= 13. 33 f t >> 4. 063 m
Xcs = Hei ght t o Cent er of Act i on of t he Lat er al Sei smi c f or ce r el at ed t o
t he Convect i ve Li qui d For ce f or t he Sl ab Moment
= ( 1- ( COSH( 3. 67*H/ D) - 1. 937) / ( ( 3. 67*H/ D) *SI NH( 3. 67*H/ D) ) ) *H
= ( 1- ( COSH( 3. 7526) - 1. 937) / ( ( 3. 7526) *SI NH( 3. 7526) ) ) *23. 852
= 18. 07 f t >> 5. 508 m

E. 6. 1. 4 Dynami c Li qui d Hoop For ces
0. 75 * D = 17. 4998
D/ H = 0. 978
SHELL SUMMARY Wi dt h Y Ni Nc Nh Si gT+ Si gT-
f t f t l bf / i n l bf / i n l bf l bf / i n l bf / i n
Shel l #1 7. 956 22. 852 277. 82 6. 754 1288 9015 5815
Shel l #2 7. 956 14. 9 270. 72 14. 501 858 6500 3379
Shel l #3 5. 873 6. 94 176. 03 48. 269 429 3521 1419
Shel l #4 4. 462 1. 07 32. 82 121. 331 112 1368 - 79

E. 6. 1. 5 Over t ur ni ng Moment
Mr w = Ri ngwal l moment Por t i on of t he t ot al over t ur ni ng moment t hat
act s at t he base of t he t ank shel l per i met er
Mr w = ( ( Ai *( Wi *Xi +Ws*Xs+Wr *Xr ) ) ^2 + ( Ac*Wc*Xc) ^2) ^0. 5
= ( ( 0. 4125*( 445, 763*9. 73+18, 759*13. 123+6, 504*26. 894) ) ^2
+ ( 0. 3024*127, 301*17. 79) ^2) ^0. 5
= 2, 078, 883 l bf - f t >> 2818586. 991 N- m
Ms = Sl ab moment ( used f or sl ab and pi l e cap desi gn)
Ms = ( ( Ai *( Wi *Xi s+Ws*Xs+Wr *Xr ) ) ^2 + ( Ac*Wc*Xcs) ^2) ^0. 5
= ( ( 0. 4125*( 445, 763*13. 33+18, 759*13. 123+6, 504*26. 894) ) ^2
+ ( 0. 3024*127, 301*18. 07) ^2) ^0. 5
= 2, 715, 409 l bf - f t >> 3681600. 4 N- m






Pgi na 32 de 39
PG 32: : >E. 6. 2 RESI STANCE TO DESI GN LOADS
E. 6. 2. 1. 1 Sel f - Anchor ed
Fy = Mi ni mumyi el d st r engt h of bot t ompl at e
= 36, 000 psi >> 248. 211 MPa
Ge = Ef f ect i ve speci f i c gr avi t y i ncl udi ng ver t i cal sei smi c ef f ect s
= S. G. *( 1 - 0. 4*Av)
= 0. 89*( 1 - 0. 4*0)
= 0. 89
1. 28*H*D*Ge = 634 l bf / f t >> 2820. 173 N

wa = For ce r esi st i ng upl i f t i n annul ar r egi on
= 7. 9*t a*( Fy*H*Ge) ^0. 5 <= 1. 28*H*D*Ge
= 7. 9*0. 2525*( 36, 000*23. 852*0. 89) ^0. 5
= 1, 744 l bf / f t >> 7757. 699 N

wa = 634 l bf / f t ( r educed t o 1. 28*H*D*Ge because >> 2820. 173 N
t hat i s t he max al l owabl e per E. 6. 2. 1. 1)

wt = Shel l and r oof wei ght act i ng at base of shel l
= ( Wr s + Ws) / ( PI *D)
= ( 6, 504 + 18, 759) / ( PI *23. 333)
= 344. 639 l bf / f t >> 1533. 031 N

wi nt = Upl i f t Load due t o desi gn pr essur e act i ng at base of shel l
= 0. 4*P*144*( PI *D^2/ 4) / ( PI *D)
= 0. 4*0. 0625*144*( PI *23. 333^2/ 4) / ( PI *23. 333)
= 20. 9997 l bf / f t >> 93. 411 N

E. 6. 2. 1. 1. 1 Anchor age Rat i o
J = Mr w/ ( D^2*[ wt *( 1- 0. 4*Av) +wa- 0. 4*wi nt ] )
= 2, 078, 883/ ( 23. 333^2*[ 344. 639*( 1- 0. 4*0) +634- 0. 4*20. 9997] )
= 3. 9356
The t ank not st abl e and cannot be sel f anchor ed f or desi gn l oad.

E. 6. 2. 2 Maxi mumLongi t udi nal Shel l - Membr ane Compr essi ve St r ess
E. 6. 2. 2. 1 Shel l Compr essi on i n Sel f - Anchor ed Tanks
t s1 = Thi ckness of bot t omshel l cour se mi nus C. A.
= 0. 1737 i n. >> 4. 412 mm
Si gC = Maxi muml ongi t udi nal shel l compr essi on st r ess
= ( ( Wt *( 1+0. 4*Av) + wa) / ( 0. 607- 0. 1867*J ^2. 3) - wa) / ( 12*t s1)
= ( ( 344. 639*( 1+0. 4*0) + 634) / ( 0. 607- 0. 1867*3. 9356^2. 3) - 634) / ( 12*0. 1737)
= - 429 psi >> - 2. 958 MPa

E. 6. 2. 2. 3 Al l owabl e Longi t udi nal Shel l - Membr ane Compr essi on St r ess
Ft y = Mi ni mumspeci f i ed yi el d st r engt h of shel l cour se
= 36, 000 psi >> 248. 211 MPa
G*H*D^2/ t s1^2 = 383, 051
Fc = Al l owabl e l ongi t udi nal shel l - membr ane compr essi ve st r ess
= 10^6*t s1/ ( 2. 5*D) + 600*( G*H) ^0. 5
= 10^6*0. 1737/ ( 2. 5*23. 333) + 600*( 0. 89*23. 852) ^0. 5
= 5, 742 psi >> 39. 59 MPa
Shel l Membr ane Compr essi ve St r ess OK




Pgi na 33 de 39
PG 33: : >E. 6. 2. 4 Hoop St r esses
Shel l Summar y Si gT+ Sd*1. 333 Fy*. 9*E Al l owabl e t - Mi n Shel l OK
Membr ane
St r ess
Shel l #1 9015 30926. 32400. 30926. 0. 1131 Yes
Shel l #2 6500 30926. 32400. 30926. 0. 099 Yes
Shel l #3 3521 30926. 32400. 30926. 0. 0823 Yes
Shel l #4 1368 30926. 32400. 30926. 0. 0702 Yes

Shel l Membr ane Hoop St r ess OK? Ver dader o

Tank Adequat e wi t h No Anchor s? Fal so
Usi ng 10 f t spaci ng, Mi n. # of Anchor Bol t s = 7

E. 6. 2. 1. 2 Mechani cal l y- Anchor ed
Number of Anchor s = 8
Max Spaci ng = 10 f t >> 3. 048 m
Act ual Spaci ng = 9. 16 f t >> 2. 792 m
Mi ni mum# Anchor s = 7
Wab = Desi gn Upl i f t Load on Anchor s per uni t ci r cumf er ent i al l engt h
= ( 1. 273*Mr w) / D^2 - wt *( 1- 0. 4*Av) + wi nt
= ( 1. 273*2, 078, 883) / 23. 333^2 - 344. 639*( 1- 0. 4*0) + 20. 9997
= 4, 537 l bf / f t >> 20181. 583 N
Pab = Anchor sei smi c desi gn l oad
= Wab*PI *D/ Na
= 4, 537*PI *23. 333/ 8
= 41, 572 l bf >> 184921. 485 N
Pa = Anchor age chai r desi gn l oad
= 3 * Pab
= 3*41, 572
= 124, 716 l bf >> 554764. 455 N

E. 6. 2. 2. 2 Shel l Compr essi on i n Mechani cal l y- Anchor ed Tanks
Si gC_anchor ed = Maxi muml ongi t udi nal shel l compr essi on st r ess
= ( Wt *( 1+0. 4*Av) + 1. 273*Mr w/ D^2) / ( 12*t s1)
= ( 344. 639*( 1+0. 4*0) + 1. 273*2, 078, 883/ 23. 333^2) / ( 12*0. 1737)
= 2, 497 psi >> 17. 216 MPa
Fc = l ongi t udi nal shel l - membr ane compr essi on st r ess
= 5, 742 psi >> 39. 59 MPa
Shel l Membr ane Compr essi ve St r ess OK

Shel l Membr ane Hoop St r ess OK? Ver dader o

Tank Adequat e wi t h Anchor s? Ver dader o

E. 7 Det ai l i ng Requi r ement s
E. 7. 1 Anchor age
SUG = I I I
Sds = 1. 1 deci mal %g
E. 7. 1. 1 Sel f Anchor ed
NOTE: But t - wel ded annul ar pl at es ar e r equi r ed.
Annul ar pl at es exceedi ng 3/ 8 i n. t hi ckness shal l be but t - wel ded
The wel d of t he shel l t o annul ar pl at e shal l be checked f or
t he desi gn upl i f t l oad.

E. 7. 1. 2 Mechani cal l y Anchor ed
Mi ni mum# anchor s OK = Tr ue





Pgi na 34 de 39
PG 34: : >E. 7. 2 Fr eeboar d - Sl oshi ng
TL_sl oshi ng = 4 sec.
I _sl oshi ng = 1. 5
Tc = 2. 79
K = 1. 5
Sd1 = 0. 75
Af = K*Sd1/ Tc
= 1. 5*0. 75/ 2. 79
= 0. 4032
Del t a_s = Hei ght of sl oshi ng wave above max. l i qui d l evel
= 0. 5*D*Af
= 0. 5*23. 333*0. 4032
= 4. 7042 f t >> 1. 434 m
0. 7*Del t a_s = 3. 293 f t >> 1. 004 m
Per Tabl e E- 7,
A f r eeboar d equal t o Del t a_s i s r equi r ed unl ess one of t he f ol l owi ng
al t er nat i ves ar e pr ovi ded:
1. Secondar y cont ai nment i s pr ovi ded t o cont r ol pr oduct spi l l .
2. The r oof and t ank shel l ar e desi gned t o cont ai n sl oshi ng l i qui d.

E. 7. 6 Sl i di ng Resi st ance
mu = 0. 4 Fr i ct i on coef f i ci ent
V = 200, 363 l bf >> 891259. 105 N
Vs = Resi st ance t o sl i di ng
= mu*( Ws + Wr + Wf + Wp) *( 1 - 0. 4*Av)
= 0. 4*( 18, 759+6, 504+5, 653+566, 555) *( 1- 0. 4*0)
= 238, 988 l bf >> 1063071. 679 N

E. 7. 7 Local Shear Tr ansf er
Vmax = 2*V/ ( PI *D)
= 2*200, 363/ ( PI *23. 333)
= 5, 467 l bf / f t >> 24318. 43 N




Pgi na 35 de 39
PG 35: : >ANCHOR BOLT DESI GN

Bol t Mat er i al : A- 193 Gr B7
Sy = 105, 000 PSI >> 723. 949 MPa

< Upl i f t Load Cases, per API - 650 Tabl e 5- 21b >

D ( t ank OD) = 23. 333 f t >> 7. 112 m
P ( desi gn pr essur e) = 1. 73 I NCHES H2O
Pt ( t est pr essur e per F. 4. 4) = P = 1. 73 I NCHES H2O
Pf ( f ai l ur e pr essur e per F. 6) = N. A. ( see Upl i f t Case 3 bel ow)
t _h ( r oof pl at e t hi ckness) = 0. 315 i n. >> 8. 001 mm
Mw ( Wi nd Moment ) = 93, 291 l bf - f t >> 126485. 617 N- m
Mr w ( Sei smi c Ri ngwal l Moment ) = 2, 078, 883 l bf - f t >> 2818586. 991 N- m
W1 ( Dead Load of Shel l mi nus C. A. and Any
Dead Load mi nus C. A. ot her t han Roof
Pl at e Act i ng on Shel l )

W2 ( Dead Load of Shel l mi nus C. A. and Any
Dead Load mi nus C. A. i ncl udi ng Roof
Pl at e mi nus C. A. Act i ng on Shel l )

W3 ( Dead Load of New Shel l and Any
Dead Load ot her t han Roof
Pl at e Act i ng on Shel l )

For Tank wi t h Sel f Suppor t ed Roof ,
W1 = Cor r oded Shel l + Shel l I nsul at i on
= 13, 625 + 0
= 13, 625 l bf >> 60607. 025 N
W2 = Cor r oded Shel l + Shel l I nsul at i on + Cor r oded
Roof Pl at es + Roof Dead Load
= 13, 625 + 0
+ 4, 511 + 63, 068 * - 0. 0005/ 144
= 18, 136 l bf >> 80672. 954 N
W3 = New Shel l + Shel l I nsul at i on
= 18, 524 + 0
= 18, 524 l bf >> 82398. 864 N

Upl i f t Case 1= Desi gn Pr essur e Onl y
U = [ ( P - 8*t _h) * D^2 * 4. 08] - W1
U = [ ( 1. 73 - 8*0. 315) * 23. 333^2 * 4. 08] - 13, 625
= - 15, 380 l bf >> - 68413. 654 N
bt = U / N = - 1, 922 l bf >> - 8549. 483 N

Sd = 15, 000 PSI >> 103. 421 MPa
A_s_r = Bol t Root Ar ea Req' d
A_s_r = N. A. , si nce Load per Bol t i s zer o.

Upl i f t Case 2= Test Pr essur e Onl y
U = [ ( Pt - 8*t _h) * D^2 * 4. 08] - W1
U = [ ( 1. 73 - 8*0. 315) * 23. 333^2 * 4. 08] - 13, 625
= - 15, 380 l bf >> - 68413. 654 N
bt = U / N = - 1, 922 l bf >> - 8549. 483 N

Sd = 20, 000 PSI >> 137. 895 MPa
A_s_r = Bol t Root Ar ea Req' d
A_s_r = N. A. , si nce Load per Bol t i s zer o.




Pgi na 36 de 39
PG 36==> Upl i f t Case 3= Fai l ur e Pr essur e Onl y
Not appl i cabl e si nce i f t her e i s a knuckl e on t ank r oof ,
or t ank r oof i s not f r angi bl e.
Pf ( f ai l ur e pr essur e per F. 6) = N. A.

Upl i f t Case 4= Wi nd Load Onl y
PWR = Wi nd_Upl i f t / 5. 208
= 9. 5091/ 5. 208
= 1. 8259 I N. H2O >> 46. 378 mm
PWS = vF * 18
= 0. 2756 * 18
= 4. 9613 l bf / f t ^2 >> 0. 238 kPa
MWH = PWS*( D+t _i ns/ 6) *H^2/ 2
= 4. 9613*( 23. 333+0/ 6) *26. 247^2/ 2
= 39, 874 l bf - f t >> 54061. 887 N- m
U = PWR * D^2 * 4. 08 + [ 4 * MWH/ D] - W2
= 1. 8259*23. 333^2*4. 08+[ 4*39, 874/ 23. 333] - 18, 136
= - 7, 244 l bf >> - 32222. 92 N
bt = U / N = - 906 l bf >> - 4030. 089 N

Sd = 0. 8 * 105, 000 = 84, 000 PSI >> 579. 16 MPa
A_s_r = Bol t Root Ar ea Req' d
A_s_r = N. A. , si nce Load per Bol t i s zer o.

Upl i f t Case 5= Sei smi c Load Onl y
U = [ 4 * Mr w / D] - W2*( 1- 0. 4*Av)
U = [ 4 * 2, 078, 883 / 23. 333] - 18, 136*( 1- 0. 4*0)
= 338, 249 l bf >> 1504606. 643 N
bt = U / N = 42, 281 l bf >> 188075. 274 N

Sd = 0. 8 * 105, 000 = 84, 000 PSI >> 579. 16 MPa
A_s_r = Bol t Root Ar ea Req' d
A_s_r = bt / Sd
= 42, 281/ 84, 000 = 0. 503 i n^2 >> 3. 245 cm^2

Upl i f t Case 6= Desi gn Pr essur e + Wi nd Load
U = [ ( 0. 4*P + PWR - 8*t _h) * D^2 * 4. 08] + [ 4 * MWH / D] - W1
= [ ( 0. 4*1. 73+1. 8259- 8*0. 315) *23. 333^2 * 4. 08] +[ 4*39, 874 / 23. 333] -
13, 625
= - 6, 794 l bf >> - 30221. 22 N
bt = U / N = - 849 l bf >> - 3776. 54 N

Sd = 20, 000 = 20, 000 PSI >> 137. 895 MPa
A_s_r = Bol t Root Ar ea Req' d
A_s_r = N. A. , si nce Load per Bol t i s zer o.

Upl i f t Case 7= Desi gn Pr essur e + Sei smi c Load
U = [ ( 0. 4*P - 8*t _h) *D^2 * 4. 08] + [ 4*Mr w/ D] - W1*( 1- 0. 4*Av)
= 338, 700 l bf >> 1506612. 791 N
bt = U / N = 42, 337 l bf >> 188324. 375 N

Sd = 0. 8 * 105, 000 = 84, 000 PSI >> 579. 16 MPa
A_s_r = Bol t Root Ar ea Req' d
A_s_r = bt / Sd
= 42, 337/ 84, 000 = 0. 504 i n^2 >> 3. 252 cm^2




Pgi na 37 de 39
PG 37==> Upl i f t Case 8= Fr angi bi l i t y Pr essur e
Not appl i cabl e si nce i f t her e i s a knuckl e on t ank r oof ,
or t ank r oof i s not f r angi bl e.
Pf ( f ai l ur e pr essur e per F. 6) = N. A.

< ANCHOR BOLT SUMMARY >

Bol t Root Ar ea Req' d = 0. 504 i n^2 >> 3. 252 cm^2

d = Bol t Di amet er = 1 i n. >> 25. 4 mm
n = Thr eads per i nch = 8
A_s = Act ual Bol t Root Ar ea
= 0. 7854 * ( d - 1. 3 / n) ^2
= 0. 7854 * ( 1 - 1. 3 / 8) ^2
= 0. 5509 i n^2 >> 3. 554 cm^2

Excl usi ve of Cor r osi on,
Bol t Di amet er Req' d = 0. 964 i n. ( per ANSI B1. 1) >> 24. 486 mm

Act ual Bol t Di amet er = 1. 000 i n. >> 25. 4 mm

Bol t Di amet er Meet s Requi r ement s.


<ANCHORAGE REQUI REMENTS>

Sei smi c cal cul at i ons r equi r e anchor age,
Mi ni mum# Anchor Bol t s = 7
per API - 650 E. 6. 2. 2.

Act ual # Anchor Bol t s = 8
Anchor age Meet s Spaci ng Requi r ement s.


ANCHOR BOLT CHAI RS NOT SPECI FI ED.







Pgi na 38 de 39
PG 38: : >CAPACI TI ES and WEI GHTS

Maxi mumCapaci t y ( t o upper TL) = 83, 670 gal >> 316. 725 m^3
Desi gn Capaci t y ( t o Max Li qui d Level ) = 76, 036 gal >> 287. 828 m^3
Mi ni mumCapaci t y ( t o Mi n Li qui d Level ) = 0 gal >> 0. m^3
Net Wor ki ng Capaci t y ( Desi gn - Mi n. ) = 76, 036 gal >> 287. 828 m^3

New Condi t i on Cor r oded
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Shel l 18, 524 l bf 13, 625 l bf
Roof Pl at es 5, 628 l bf 4, 511 l bf
Bot t om 5, 653 l bf 4, 531 l bf
St i f f ener s 235 l bf 235 l bf
Nozzl e Wgt 0 l bf 0 l bf
Mi sc Roof Wgt 0 l bf 0 l bf
Mi sc Shel l Wgt 0 l bf 0 l bf
I nsul at i on 0 l bf 0 l bf
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Tot al 30, 040 l bf 22, 902 l bf

Wei ght of Tank, Empt y = 30, 040 l bf >> 133624. 589 N
Wei ght of Tank, Ful l of Pr oduct ( SG=0. 89) = 651, 491 l bf
Wei ght of Tank, Ful l of Wat er = 728, 300 l bf >> 3239640. 083 N
Net Wor ki ng Wei ght , Ful l of Pr oduct = 594, 790 l bf >> 2645757. 963 N
Net Wor ki ng Wei ght , Ful l of Wat er = 664, 591 l bf >> 2956248. 307 N

Foundat i on Ar ea Req' d = 428 f t ^2 >> 39. 763 m^2

Foundat i on Loadi ng, Empt y = 70. 19 l bf / f t ^2 >> 3. 361 kPa
Foundat i on Loadi ng, Ful l of Pr oduct ( SG=0. 89) = 1, 522 l bf / f t ^2 >> 72. 874 kPa
Foundat i on Loadi ng, Ful l of Wat er = 1, 702 l bf / f t ^2 >> 81. 492 kPa

SURFACE AREAS
Roof 438 f t ^2
Shel l 1, 924 f t ^2
Bot t om428 f t ^2

Wi nd Moment 93, 291 l bf - f t
Sei smi c Moment 2, 715, 408 l bf - f t

MI SCELLANEOUS ATTACHED ROOF I TEMS

MI SCELLANEOUS ATTACHED SHELL I TEMS





Pgi na 39 de 39
PG 39: : >MAWP & MAWV SUMMARY FOR P2013- 066 ( T003)

MAXI MUM CALCULATED I NTERNAL PRESSURE

MAWP = 2. 5 PSI or 69. 28 I N. H2O ( per API - 650 App. F. 1. 3 & F. 7) >> 0. 017 MPa

MAWP = Maxi mumCal cul at ed I nt er nal Pr essur e ( due t o shel l )
= 2. 5 PSI or 69. 28 I N. H2O >> 0. 017 MPa

MAWP = Maxi mumCal cul at ed I nt er nal Pr essur e ( due t o r oof )
= 2. 5 PSI or 69. 28 I N. H2O >> 0. 017 MPa

TANK MAWP = 2. 5 PSI or 69. 28 I N. H2O >> 0. 017 MPa


MAXI MUM CALCULATED EXTERNAL PRESSURE

MAWV = - 1 PSI or - 27. 71 I N. H2O ( per API - 650 V. 1) >> - 0. 007 MPa

MAWV = Maxi mumCal cul at ed Ext er nal Pr essur e ( due t o shel l )
= - 0. 3671 PSI or - 10. 17 I N. H2O >> - 0. 003 MPa

MAWV = Maxi mumCal cul at ed Ext er nal Pr essur e ( due t o r oof )
= - 0. 1153 PSI or - 3. 2 I N. H2O >> - 0. 001 MPa

MAWV = Maxi mumCal cul at ed Ext er nal Pr essur e ( due t o bot t ompl at e)
= - 0. 1659 PSI or - 4. 6 I N. H2O >> - 0. 001 MPa

TANK MAWV = - 0. 1153 PSI or - 3. 2 I N. H2O >> - 0. 001 MPa