Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 175

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

100 Gul Circle, Singapore 629586. Phone: (65) 68620033


Facs: (65) 68616448/68624006. Website: www.consteel.com.sg

PRODUCTS HANDBOOK
Structural Steel

Subsidiary Companies:
Continental Hardware (M) Sdn Bhd
Viewforth Trading an

CONTENTS

The Company
Profile ___________________________________________________________ 1
Services _________________________________________________________ 2

Explanatory Notes
General information _______________________________________________ 5
Introduction __________________________________________________ 5
Materials ____________________________________________________ 6
Manufacturing tolerances _______________________________________ 6
Section properties _____________________________________________ 7
Dimensional units ____________________________________________ 10
Mass and force units __________________________________________ 10
Comparison between general structural steel specifications ____________ 11
Specifications and chemical composition __________________________ 11
Comparison between grades in EN 10025:1993 and BS 4360:1986 _____ 11
Comparison between hot finished and cold formed hollow sections ______ 12
Introduction _________________________________________________ 12
Specifications________________________________________________ 12
Manufacture of hollow sections __________________________________ 13
Section properties ____________________________________________ 14
Structural performance ________________________________________ 15
Compression resistance _______________________________________ 15
Web bearing and buckling ______________________________________ 16
Tension, shear and bending ____________________________________ 16
Summary ___________________________________________________ 16
Fire resistance___________________________________________________ 17
Externally protected columns____________________________________ 17
Internally protected columns ____________________________________ 17
Cost comparisons ____________________________________________ 18

Universal Beams and Columns


General_________________________________________________________ 19
Metric sizes _____________________________________________________ 20
Imperial sizes____________________________________________________ 26

Castellated Beams
Section sizes ____________________________________________________ 41

Structural Tees
General_________________________________________________________ 45
Metric sizes _____________________________________________________ 46
Imperial sizes____________________________________________________ 50

Bearing Piles
General_________________________________________________________ 59

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

CONTENTS

Metric sizes _____________________________________________________ 60


Imperial sizes____________________________________________________ 62

Hot Finished Ellipcon Sections


General_________________________________________________________ 65
Ellipcon sections_________________________________________________ 66
Semi Ellipcon sections ____________________________________________ 67

Super Hot Columns


General_________________________________________________________ 69
Product specifications ____________________________________________ 69
Chemical composition _________________________________________ 69
Mechanical properties _________________________________________ 70
Charpy impact property ________________________________________ 70
Manufacturing tolerances ______________________________________ 70
Section sizes ____________________________________________________ 72

Hot Finished Hollow Sections


General_________________________________________________________ 75
Comparable specifications ________________________________________ 75
Product specifications ____________________________________________ 76
Chemical composition _________________________________________ 76
Mechanical properties _________________________________________ 76
Tensile test _________________________________________________ 76
Charpy V-notch impact test _____________________________________ 76
Manufacturing tolerances ______________________________________ 77
Other specifications ___________________________________________ 78
Circular sections _________________________________________________ 79
Square sections _________________________________________________ 84
Rectangular sections _____________________________________________ 88

Cold Formed Hollow Sections


General_________________________________________________________ 91
Comparable specifications ________________________________________ 91
Product specifications ____________________________________________ 92
Chemical composition _________________________________________ 92
Mechanical properties _________________________________________ 92
Tensile test _________________________________________________ 92
Charpy V-notch impact test _____________________________________ 92
Manufacturing tolerances ______________________________________ 93
Other specifications ___________________________________________ 93
Circular sections _________________________________________________ 94
Square sections _________________________________________________ 97

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

CONTENTS

Rectangular sections ____________________________________________ 102

Channels
Tapered Flange _________________________________________________ 107
Metric sizes ________________________________________________ 107
Imperial sizes_______________________________________________ 108
Parallel Flange__________________________________________________ 109

Purlins
General________________________________________________________ 111
Introduction ________________________________________________ 111
Material specifications ________________________________________ 111
Storage and handling_________________________________________ 112
Purlin selection tables for roofing application ______________________ 112
Holing and cleating for C Purlins ________________________________ 114
Plain Channels _________________________________________________ 115
Lipped Channels ________________________________________________116
High-Tensile Galvanised C Purlins _________________________________ 119
High-Tensile Galvanised Z Purlins _________________________________ 120

Angles
Equal Angles ___________________________________________________121
Unequal Angles _________________________________________________123

Bars
Flat Bars_______________________________________________________125
Square Bars ____________________________________________________127
Deformed and Round Bars________________________________________128

Plates
Product specifications ___________________________________________ 129
Main specifications __________________________________________ 129
List of standard specifications __________________________________ 130
Mild Steel Plates ________________________________________________ 134
Chequered Plates _______________________________________________ 135

Pipes
JIS G3452 (1988) SGP ____________________________________________ 137
BS 1387 (1985)__________________________________________________ 138
API 5L (1991) and ASTM A53 (1997) ________________________________ 140
Chemical composition ________________________________________ 140
Mechanical properties ________________________________________ 140
Section sizes _______________________________________________ 141

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

CONTENTS

Steel Sheet Piles to EN 10248 (1996)


General________________________________________________________ 153
Product specifications ___________________________________________ 153
Mechanical properties ________________________________________ 153
Recommended working stresses for steel sheet piling _______________ 154
Effective life ________________________________________________ 154
Splices ____________________________________________________ 154
LX & Larssen Sheet Piling ________________________________________ 155
Dimensions and sectional properties_____________________________ 155
Interlocking options __________________________________________ 155
Dimensional tolerances _______________________________________ 156
Recommended maximum lengths for driving ______________________ 156
LX & Larssen Box Piles __________________________________________ 156
Frodingham Straight Web Sections ________________________________ 157
Dimensions and sectional properties_____________________________ 157
Dimensional tolerances _______________________________________ 157

Other Steel Sheet Piles


PU Steel Sheet Piles _____________________________________________ 159
Mechanical properties ________________________________________ 159
Dimensions and sectional properties_____________________________ 159
Interlocking options __________________________________________ 160
Dimensional tolerances _______________________________________ 160
Handling holes and double piles ________________________________ 160
KSP Steel Sheet Piles ____________________________________________ 161
Mechanical properties ________________________________________ 161
Dimensions and sectional properties_____________________________ 161
Interlocking options __________________________________________ 162
Dimensional tolerances _______________________________________ 162
Recommended maximum lengths for driving ______________________ 162
KSP Straight Web Sections _______________________________________ 163
Mechanical properties ________________________________________ 163
Dimensions and sectional properties_____________________________ 163
Dimensional tolerances _______________________________________ 164

Gratings
General________________________________________________________ 165
Sizes __________________________________________________________ 165

Appendix
Conversion factors ______________________________________________ 167

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

CONTENTS

List of Tables
Note: Section tables are not numbered and put in the list, except from High-Tensile Galvanised C
and Z Purlins, Mild Steel Plates, Chequered Plates, API 5L (1991) and ASTM A53 (1997) pipes,
Steel Sheet Piles to EN 10248:1996 and Other Steel Sheet Piles.
Table 1 Comparison between general structural steel specifications _________________ 11
Table 2 Comparison between grades in EN 10025:1993 and BS 4360:1986 ____________ 11
Table 3 Conditions for welding cold-deformed zones and adjacent material ___________ 15
Table 4 Fire resistance: Cost comparison universal columns vs. circular hollows ____ 18
Table 5 Fire resistance: Cost comparison universal columns vs. rectangular hollows _ 18
Table 6 Universal Beams and Columns: Standard specifications ____________________ 19
Table 7 Structural Tees: Standard specifications__________________________________ 45
Table 8 Bearing Piles: Standard specifications ___________________________________ 59
Table 9 Super Hot Columns: Chemical composition _______________________________
Table 10 Super Hot Columns: Mechanical properties _______________________________
Table 11 Super Hot Columns: Charpy impact properties ____________________________
Table 12 Super Hot Columns: Tolerances on outside corner radius ___________________
Table 13 Super Hot Columns: Other tolerances ____________________________________

69
70
70
70
71

Table 14 Hot Finished Hollow Sections: Comparable specifications ___________________ 75


Table 15 Hot Finished Hollow Sections: Mechanical properties_______________________ 76
Table 16 Hot Finished Hollow Sections: Manufacturing tolerances____________________ 77
Table 17 Cold Formed Hollow Sections: Comparable specifications___________________ 91
Table 18 Cold Formed Hollow Sections: Mechanical properties ______________________ 92
Table 19 Cold Formed Hollow Sections: Manufacturing tolerances ___________________ 93
Table 20 Purlins: Material specifications and tolerances ___________________________ 111
Table 21 Purlins: Tolerances on length and thickness _____________________________ 112
Table 22 High-Tensile Galvanised Purlins: Mechanical properties/Tolerances _________
Table 23 High-Tensile Galvanised Purlins: Purlin selection table 1 ___________________
Table 24 High-Tensile Galvanised Purlins: Purlin selection table 2 ___________________
Table 25 High-Tensile Galvanised Purlins: Cleat holes position _____________________
Table 26 High-Tensile Galvanised C-Purlins: Section sizes _________________________
Table 27 High-Tensile Galvanised Z-Purlins: Section sizes _________________________

112
113
113
114
119
120

Table 28 Plates: List of standards specifications __________________________________ 133


Table 29 Plates: Sizes of Mild Steel Plates _______________________________________ 135
Table 30 Plates: Sizes of Chequered Plates ______________________________________ 135
Table 31 API 5L and ASTM A53 Pipes: Chemical composition _______________________ 140
Table 32 API 5L and ASTM A53 Pipes: Mechanical properties _______________________ 140
Table 33 API 5L and ASTM A53pipes: Section sizes _______________________________ 151
Table 34 Steel Sheet Piles to EN 10248 (1996): Mechanical properties ________________
Table 35 Steel Sheet Piles to EN 10248 (1996): Recommended working stresses _______
Table 36 LX & Larssen Sheet Piling: Section sizes and properties ___________________
Table 37 LX & Larssen Sheet Piling: Interlocking options __________________________
Table 38 LX & Larssen Sheet Piling: Dimensional tolerances________________________
Table 39 LX & Larssen Sheet Piling: Recommended maximum lengths for driving _____
Table 40 Frodingham Straight Web Sections: Section sizes_________________________
Table 41 Frodingham Straight Web Sections: Dimensional tolerances ________________

153
154
155
155
156
156
157
157

Table 42 PU Steel Sheet Piles: Section sizes _____________________________________ 159


Table 43 PU Steel Sheet Piles: Interlocking options _______________________________ 160
Table 44 PU Steel Sheet Piles: Dimensional tolerances ____________________________ 160

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

CONTENTS

Table 45 KSP Steel Sheet Piles: Mechanical properties ____________________________


Table 46 KSP Steel Sheet Piles: Section sizes and properties _______________________
Table 47 KSP Steel Sheet Piles: Interlocking options ______________________________
Table 48 KSP Steel Sheet Piles: Dimensional tolerances ___________________________

161
161
162
162

Table 49 KSP Straight Web Sections: Mechanical properties________________________


Table 50 KSP Straight Web Sections: Section sizes and properties __________________
Table 51 KSP Straight Web Sections: Interlocking strength _________________________
Table 52 KSP Straight Web Sections: Dimensional tolerances ______________________

163
163
163
164

Table 53 Gratings: Sizes ______________________________________________________ 165

List of Figures
Note: Drawings from section tables are not numbered and put in this list, except from High-Tensile
Galvanised C and Z Purlins, Mild Steel Plates, Chequered Plates, API 5L (1991) and ASTM A53
(1997) pipes, Steel Sheet Piles to EN 10248:1996 and Other Steel Sheet Piles.
Figure 1 Effect of cold working on material properties for cold formed hollow sections _ 14
Figure 2 Comparison of corner radius of hot finished and cold formed hollow sections _ 14
Figure 3 Compression/Slenderness curves for columns____________________________ 16
Figure 4 Universal Beams and Columns: Section shapes___________________________ 19
Figure 5 Structural Tees: Section shapes ________________________________________ 45
Figure 6 Bearing Piles: Section shape___________________________________________ 59
Figure 7 Twist of square or rectangular hollow sections ___________________________ 78
Figure 8 How to measure cross-sectional dimensions of hollow sections _____________ 78
Figure 9 C and Z Purlins _____________________________________________________
Figure 10 Holing and cleats for C purlins ________________________________________
Figure 11 Cleat hole size for SC 150 and SC 200 series_____________________________
Figure 12 Hole positioning for cleats with 8mm thickness __________________________

111
114
114
114

Figure 13 LX & Larssen sheet piling: Dimensions _________________________________ 155


Figure 14 LX & Larssen box pile________________________________________________ 156
Figure 15 Frodingham Straight Web Sections: Dimensions _________________________ 157
Figure 16 PU Steel Sheet Piles: Dimensions______________________________________ 159
Figure 17 KSP Steel Sheet Piles: Dimensions ____________________________________ 161
Figure 18 KSP Straight Web Sections: Dimensions ________________________________ 163
Figure 19 Gratings: Dimensions________________________________________________ 165

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

THE COMPANY

The Company

Profile

Being one of the biggest premier steel suppliers throughout the region, Continental
Steel has the first fully covered multi-storey warehouse that occupies a floor area of
350,000 sq. ft. The warehouse has facilities that allows for the following services:
a) Rust protected storage
b) Larger stockholding capacity that can accommodate 150,000 tons of material
c) 16 heavy-duty over-head cranes remotely controlled, some of which are magnetic
d) Ability to service 12 container trucks at any one time
e) Advanced handling system ensures quick delivery and turn around time
f) Conducive working environment for more productive workforce in rain or shine
g) Ability to operate 24hr shifts to meet extra large quantity deadlines.
Continental Steel Pte Ltd is a CIDB registered supplier in the L5 category for all
structural steel.

Apart from being the supplier of a comprehensive range of quality steel sections,
Continental Steel aims to extend its commitment to customers by enhancing its
services and adding new facilities. A dedicated team is tasked to provide technical
support so as to advise the proper usage of steel and assist customers in using the
products to its best advantage.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

THE COMPANY

Services

Technical support
With a new team of highly qualified engineers we can advise our customers on the
correct use of structural steel and provide help on the structural design.

Shearing of steel plates


Shearing facility that sizes steel plates up to 20mm thickness

Auto Cut and Bend operations

Tons of on-site work can be avoided with the availability of the cut and bend
operation. Through our subsidiary company, Viewforth Trading and Engineering
(an HDB approved cut and bender), Continental Steel is able to serve the
prefabrication needs of the construction industry.

Sawing machines
Our sawing machines can accurately saw beams and columns of up to a section
height of 40 inches satisfying specifications to world recognised standards.

Auto shot blasting and painting

For better steel finishes and protection, the fully automatic shot blasting machines
attend to the steel treatment needs with the provision of in-house painting.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

THE COMPANY

Fully computerised administrative system


Computer networks that ensure quicker and more efficient administration fully
support the office procedures from quotations to delivery.

Galvanising
Hot dip galvanising provides the permanent good appearance and freedom
from maintenance that ensures long service life.

In house delivery service


Having a highly motivated team of delivery staff and efficient transportation
services, just in time requirements can be achieved.

As one of the leading steel suppliers, Continental Steel has set up an industrial
standard in the region. The company also has the capability of providing steels to
the exact specified requirements for different needs.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

THE COMPANY

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

Explanatory Notes

General information
All weights and measures shown on invoices will be governed by standards of
the respective specifications so offered.
Care has been taken to ensure that all data and information herein are factual
and that numerical values are accurate. To the best of our knowledge, all
information contained in this handbook is accurate at the time of publication.
Continental Steel Pte Ltd assumes no responsibility for errors in or
misinterpretation of the information contained in this handbook or in its use.

Introduction
To serve the increasing demands for more section types and to create the awareness
on the proper use of steel, we have come up with a new product catalogue. The new
handbook has a more comprehensive range of products and useful technical
information, and it also functions as a design reference for the consultants and a
product catalogue for our customers.
To help our customers to proper design and use of steel we have also extended the
business by offering our customers technical support from our team of Structural
Engineers.
The catalogue contains up-to-date materials standards specifications.
Note that new European standards supersede most of the old British Standards, see
sections Materials and Manufacturing tolerances under this chapter, and the design
guide BS 5950 substitutes BS 449.
The content list of our new catalogue shows that we have increased the range of
section types and sizes. This is to give our customers a bigger choice when selecting
material and more room for imagination, innovation and flexibility when designing and
planning for new structures.
With more sections to choose from, the designers will have opportunities to make
better and more cost efficient designs, by selecting the section size closest to that
required.
Some of the new section types we have added to our product list are:
Structural Tees
Hot Finished Ellipcon Sections, elliptical and semi elliptical
Super Hot Columns
Parallel Flange Channels
High-Tensile Galvanised C and Z Purlins.
The new catalogue also contains a comparison between hot finished and cold formed
hollow sections. We included this because substitution of cold formed sections for hot
finished sections are very common in this region, but not everybody knows the
differences between the two section types.
The first few pages of the catalogue give a short resume of the company profile and
the services we provide. The summary shows that we have extended our business by
adding more value to the steel we supply to our customers.
Our steel suppliers are mills with third party certifications, such as ISO, CARES and/or
Lloyds.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

Materials
The structural components referred to in this handbook are mainly of the following
specifications:
EN 10025 (1993): "Hot rolled products of non-alloy structural steels"
EN 10028 (1993/1997): Flat products made of steels for pressure purposes
+
EN 10056 -Part1 (1993): "Structural steel equal and unequal leg angles - Dimensions"
#
EN 10113 (1993): "Hot rolled products in weldable fine grain structural steels"
EN 10137 (1995/1996): Plates and wide flats made of high yield strength structural
steels in the quenched and tempered or precipitation hardened conditions
EN 10149 (1995/1996): Hot-rolled flat products made of high yield strength steels for
cold forming
#
EN 10210 -Part 1 (1994): "Hot finished structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine
grain structural steels"
EN 10219 -Part 1 (1997): "Cold formed welded structural hollow sections of non-alloy
and fine grain steels"
SS104 (1996): "Cold formed steel sections for general structures"
Some of the standards mentioned above are new European standards superseding
the old British Standards BS 4360: Weldable structural steels (1986) and BS 6363:
Welded cold formed steel structural hollow sections (1983).
Material to other specifications such as ASTM, AS and JIS can also be supplied.

Manufacturing tolerances
The dimensions, mass and tolerances of the sections are generally as listed in the
following standards:
BS 4 -Part 1 (1993): "Structural Steel Sections" for hot rolled universal beams and
columns and tees cut therefrom, channels, bearing piles and rolled tees
#
EN 10029 (1991): Specifications for tolerances on dimensions, shape and mass for
hot rolled steel plates 3mm thick or above
EN 10034 (1993): Structural steel I and H sections - Tolerances on shape and
dimensions
EN 10051 (1992): Continuously hot-rolled uncoated plate, sheet and strip of non-alloy
and alloy steels - Tolerances on dimensions and shape
EN 10056 -Part 2 (1993): "Structural steel equal and unequal leg angles -Tolerances
on shape and dimensions
#+
EN 10210 -Part 2 (1997): "Hot finished structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine
grain structural steels"
EN 10219 -Part 2 (1997): "Cold formed welded structural hollow sections of non-alloy
and fine grain steels"
SS104 (1996): "Cold formed steel sections for general structures" for lipped channels
Some of the standards mentioned above are new European standards superseding
the old British Standards BS 4848 - Part 2: Hot-rolled structural steel sections Hotfinished hollow sections (1991) and BS 6363: Welded cold formed steel structural
hollow sections (1983).
Material to other specifications such as ASTM, AS and JIS can also be supplied.
#
+

Standards superseding parts of BS4360 1986/1990.


Standards superseding parts of BS4848 1972/1980/1991.
CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

In structural design and construction there are a lot of details to remember. For
example, when buying steel beams, columns, bars, plates and pipes, be sure to buy
the correct section type, size and grade. If the specified section is not available,
check with the designer before any changes to the structure are made.
For example, a parallel flange channel can not be substituted with a plain channel
without reference to the design engineer. This is because the sections are different
both in size and material, the plain channel is cold formed while the parallel flange
channel is hot formed, and they have different sectional properties.
In the section Comparison between hot finished and cold formed hollow sections we
have explained the differences between the two sections, and why cold formed
sections can not be used to substitute hot finished sections without rechecking the
capacity.

Section properties
The followings are taken from EN 10210-2 (1997), EN 10219-2 (1997) and BS5950 Volume 1 Design
Guide, 5th edition 1997
Corner radius ( r )
For hollow sections the corner radius are taken from EN 10210 and EN 10219, for hot
finished hollow sections and cold formed hollow sections respectively.
For hot finished square and rectangular hollow sections:
Nominal external corner radius for calculation is

ro=1.5T

Nominal internal corner radius for calculation is

ri=1.0T

For cold formed square and rectangular hollow sections:


Nominal external corner radius for calculation is
For thickness T 6mm:

ro=2.0T

For thickness 6mm < T 10mm:

ro=2.5T

For thickness T > 10mm:

ro=3.0T

Nominal internal corner radius for calculation is


For thickness T 6mm:

ri=1.0T

For thickness 6mm < T 10mm:

ri=1.5T

For thickness T > 10mm:

ri=2.0T

For other section types the manufacturers are using rules from various standard
specifications, which will take too much space to include in this handbook. Refer to the
respective countrys standards.
Second moment of area ( I )
The second moment of area of the section, often referred to as moment of inertia, has
been calculated based on first principal, by taking into account all tapers, radii and
fillets of the sections.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

Radius of gyration ( r )
The radius of gyration is a parameter used in buckling calculation and is derived as
follows:

I
r=
A

where A is the cross-sectional area and I is the second moment of area.


For castellated sections, the radius of gyration given is calculated at the net section as
required in design to BS 5950: Part 1.
Elastic Modulus ( Z )
The elastic modulus is used to calculate the moment capacity based on the design
strength of the section or the stress at the extreme fibre of the section from a known
moment. It is derived as follows:

Z=

I
y

where y is the distance to the extreme fibre of the section from the elastic neutral axis
and I is the second moment of area.
For castellated sections the elastic modulus given are those at the net section.
For channels the modulus about the minor axis (y-y) is given at the toe of the section.
For angles the elastic modulus about both axes are given at the toes of the section.
Plastic Modulus ( S )
The plastic modulus is calculated based on the first principal, by taking moment about
the equal area axis. Only the full plastic modulus (S) is given in the tables. When a
member is subject to both axial load and bending, the plastic modulus must be
reduced to take account of the reduction in plastic moment of resistance. The details
for the reduction are given in BS 5950.
Buckling parameter ( u ) and torsional index ( x )
The buckling parameter and torsional index used in buckling calculations are derived
as follows:
For bi-symmetric flanged sections and flanged sections symmetrical about the minor
axis only:

4S X 2
u=
A2 h2

A
x = 0.566h
J

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

For flanged sections symmetric about the major axis only:

I y SX 2

u=

A2 H

A H
x = 1132
.
Iy J
where
Sx

= is the plastic modulus about the major axis

Iy

= 1

Ix
Iy

= is the second moment of area about the major axis


= is the second moment of area about the minor axis

A
h

= is the cross-sectional area


= is the distance between the shear centres of flanges (for T sections, h is
the distance between shear centre of the flange and the toe of the web)
= is the warping constant
= is the torsion constant

H
J

Ix

Warping constant ( H )
For Tee sections cut from UB and UC sections, the warping constant (H) has been
derived as given below.
3

1
1
T
T 3 B3 +
d
t3
144
36
2
T , B, D, d , t and r are given in the section tables (r is the corner radius).
H=

Because this value is very small, it is not tabulated.


The warping constants (H) for I, H and channel sections are calculated using the
formulae given in the SCI publication (P057) Design of Members Subject to Combined
Bending and Torsion.
Torsion constant ( J )
For Tee sections cut from UB and UC sections, the torsion constant (J) has been
derived as given below.

J=

1
1
B T 3 + ( d T ) t 3 + 1 D14 0.21 T 4 0105
. t4
3
3

where

1 = 0.042 + 0.2204
D1 =

[(T + r )

t
r
tr
t2
+ 0.1355 0.0865 2 0.0725 2
T
T
T
T

+ (r + 0.25t ) t
[2r + T ]

T , B, D, d , t and r are given in the section tables (r is the corner radius).


The torsion constants (J) for I, H and channel sections are calculated using the
formulae given in the SCI publication (P057) Design of Members Subject to Combined
Bending and Torsion.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

10

For circular hollow sections:

J = 2I

For square and rectangular hollow sections:

t3 h
J=
+ 2 kAh
3
where
I
t
h

= second moment of area


= is the thickness of section
= is the mean perimeter = 2[( B t ) + ( D t ) ] 2 Rc ( 4 )

Ah

= is the area enclosed by mean perimeter = ( B t )( D t ) Rc 2 ( 4 )

B
D
Rc

2 Ah t
h

= is the breadth of section


= is the depth of section
= is the average of internal and external corner radii
T , B, D, d , t and r are given in the section tables (r is the corner radius).

Torsion modulus constant ( C )


For circular hollow sections:

C = 2Z

where Z is the elastic modulus.


For square and rectangular hollow sections:

C=

t+

k
t

Dimensional units
The dimensions of sections are given in millimetres (mm) and the calculated properties
(centroidal distances, cross-sectional areas, radii of gyration, moments of inertia,
elastic and plastic modulus) are given in centimetre (cm) units. Surface areas are in
square centimetres (cm2). Some of the sections have imperial sizes but the
dimensions and sectional properties for these sections are given in the metric system.

Mass and force units


The units for force, mass and acceleration are those of the Systeme International (SI).
They are the Newton (N), the kilogram (kg) and the metre per second per second
(m/s2) so that 1N=1kgx1m/s2. The acceleration due to gravity varies slightly from place
2
to place and for convenience a "standard" value of 9.80665 m/s has become
generally accepted in structural engineering. With this convention, the force exerted by
a mass of 1kg under the action of gravity is the "technical unit" of 9.80665N. In the
same way 9.80665 kilonewtons is the force exerted by a mass of 1 tonne (1000kg)
under gravity and 1kN the force from a mass of 0.102 tonne.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

11

Comparison between general structural steel specifications


Specifications and chemical composition
The following specifications are normally readily available, but offers depend upon
acceptance of full specification details or specifications not listed below.
Quality

Grade

Min. Yield
strength
N/mm2 kg/mm2

Min. Tensile
strength
N/mm2

kg/mm2

Chemical composition (%, max.)


Mn

Nb

BS 4360

43A

275

28

430/580

44/59

0.25 0.50

Si

1.60

0.050

0.05

(1986)

50B

355

36

490/640

50/65

0.22 0.50

1.50

0.050

0.050 0.003/0.10

EN 10025

S275J0

275

28

410/560

42/57

0.18

1.50

0.040

0.04

(1993)

S355J0

355

36

490/630

50/65

0.20 0.55

1.60

0.040

0.04

0.009

EN 10113

S275N

275

28

370/510

38/52

0.20 0.40 0.5/1.40

0.035

0.03

0.050

(1993)

S355N

355

36

470/630

48/64

0.20 0.50 0.9/1.65

0.035

0.03

0.050

ASTM A36
(1996)

250

26

400/550

41/56

0.25 0.40

0.040

0.05

ASTM A283

Grade D

230

23

415/550

42/56

0.27 0.40

0.90

0.035

0.04

50

345

35

450

46

0.23 0.40

1.35

0.040

0.05

0.009

(1993)
ASTM A572
(1992)
JIS G 3101

SS 400

245

25

400/510

41/52

0.050

0.05

(1995)

SS 490

285

29

490/610

50/63

0.050

0.05

JIS G 3106

SM 400B

245

25

400/510

41/52

0.20 0.35 0.6/1.40

0.035

0.035

(1995)

SM 490B

325

33

490/610

50/63

0.18 0.55

0.035

0.035

JIS G 3136

SN 400B

235

24

400/510

41/52

0.20 0.35 0.6/1.40

0.030

0.015

(1994)

SN 490B

325

33

490/610

50/63

0.18 0.55

0.030

0.015

Notes:

1.60
1.60

For BS, EN and JIS the values are for sections with thickness less than 16mm.

Table 1 Comparison between general structural steel specifications

Comparison between grades in EN 10025:1993 and BS 4360:1986


The table under shows a comparison of mechanical properties for EN 10025:1993
steel grades and BS 4360:1986 steel grades.
EN 10025:1993
Min. Yield

Grade

strength

BS 4360:1986
Min. Tensile

Grade

Strength

Both

Min. Yield

Min. Tensile

Strength

strength

Impact energy
Nom.

16mm

16<t40

<3mm

3t100

16mm

16<t40

100mm

N/mm2

N/mm2

N/mm2

N/mm2

N/mm2

N/mm2

N/mm2

Temp.

S275

275

265

430/580

410/560

43A

275

265

430/580

S275JR

275

265

430/580

410/560

43B

275

265

430/580

+20

27J

S275J0

275

265

430/580

410/560

43C

275

265

430/580

27J

S275J2G3

275

265

430/580

410/560

43D

275

265

430/580

-20

27J

S355

355

345

510/680

490/630

50A

355

345

490/640

S355JR

355

345

510/680

490/630

50B

355

345

490/640

+20

27J

S355J0

355

345

510/680

490/630

50C

355

345

490/640

27J

S355J2G3

355

345

510/680

490/630

50D

355

345

490/640

-20

27J

Notes:

Thickness

For impact energy the maximum thickness of EN 10025 sections is t150mm.

Table 2 Comparison between grades in EN 10025:1993 and BS 4360:1986

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

100mm

EXPLANATORY NOTES

12

Comparison between hot finished and cold formed hollow sections


Introduction
The objectives of the comparison are to gain an understanding on the differences
between hot and cold formed sections, and subsequently, correct applications of the
sections.
Hot finished hollow sections have been successfully used in primary structures for
many years, but there is yet little experience with the use of cold formed sections. Cold
formed products differ from the hot finished in many respects. Therefore, their use in
primary structures must be approached with caution.
Thin walled cold formed open sections have been used in construction as secondary
members, such as purlins, for a long time. However, there is a growing trend of
manufacturing thicker walled cold formed hollow sections and the temptation to
introduce them into primary structures.
Cold formed hollow sections produced to EN 10219 are suitable for structural
use. However, they should not be used as a direct substitute for hot finished
hollow sections without reconsideration of the design capacity.
With the implementation of the European Standard for cold formed structural hollow
sections - EN 10219 - there exists a situation of identical grade designations for the
majority of the common strength grades used in both the hot finished (EN 10210) and
cold formed (EN 10219) standards. For instance, sections with yield strength of 275
N/mm2 and Charpy impact strength of 27 Joules at -20 degrees will have a grade
designation of S275J2H in both standards.
Common designation can lead to direct substitution and interchanging of the sections.
Since cold formed sections generally are weaker than hot finished sections it is
essential that products are specified accurately.
If a full designation of the steel is given to include both the standard number and the
grade/quality of the steel, substitution of cold for hot finished sections can be
prevented. For example, a hollow section of yield strength 275N/mm2 and a Charpy
impact strength of 27 Joules at -20 degrees should be designated as EN 10210
S275J2H for hot finished and EN 10219 S275J2H for cold formed sections.
The BS 5950 Part 1 (1997) are currently being amended, and with the increasing
tendency of using cold formed hollow sections in primary structures these sections will
probably be included in the new edition. The design rules are not very different from
those for hot finished sections, but there are some things a designer has to know and
take into consideration. For example, the corner radiuses, section properties, ductility,
corner cracking and welding. The differences between the two section types in
production, behaviour and design are investigated in this chapter.

Specifications
Hot finished structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain steels
EN 10210-1 (1994):
Technical delivery requirements
EN 10210-2 (1997):
Tolerances, dimensions and sectional properties
BS 5950-1:
Structural use of steel works in building - Code of
practice for design of rolled and welded sections*.
*Subject to changes.
New BS 5950 Part 1, 1999/2000 (6th edition).

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

13

Cold formed welded structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain steels
EN 10219-1 (1997):
Technical delivery requirements
EN 10219-2 (1997):
Tolerances, dimensions and sectional properties
BS 5950-1:
Structural use of steel works in building - Code of
practice for design of rolled and welded sections*.
*Subject to changes.
Design of cold formed hollow sections for primary structures will be
th
included in the new BS 5950 Part 1, 1999/2000 (6 edition).

Manufacture of hollow sections


Hot finished hollow sections
The manufacture of hot hollow sections involves a number of processes and cold
forming may be used initially. However, the hot finished product is characterised by the
final forming operation, which is always being carried out in the austenitic state (i.e.
above 920 degrees).
As a result, the forming operations do not affect the physical properties of the final
product, which are uniform around the complete periphery, including the seam weld in
continuously welded sections.
Cold formed hollow sections
The physical properties of the cold formed sections are significantly affected by the
method used in producing the strip, section forming processes and the final shape and
dimensions of the resulting section. The strip used for the cold formed sections may
be hot or cold rolled.
Plastic deformation and straining occur during the cold forming operations mentioned
below:
1) uncoiling of strips
2) strip flattening
3) forming into a round section
4) welding of round sections
5) circular sections formed into square or rectangle
6) straightening of the curved walls and corners formed
Note:
Square or rectangular hollow sections are not necessarily formed from round
sections, some manufacturers form the square or rectangle directly from strip.
Cold forming is known to increase the yield and tensile strength of the materials due to
cold working or strain hardening (see Figure 1). However, as the strength increases,
ductility decreases. And the process may result in a section in which the strength and
ductility vary considerably around the periphery. For example, a test specimen from
the flat face of the cold formed section will only indicate the conditions applying to that
face. There are also differences in the mechanical property transverse and
longitudinally on the section. Thus, cold formed sections must be used with
caution and proper design, especially in the use for primary structures.
There should be restrictions for the welding of cold formed sections. The corners of
these sections are subjected to high residual stress due to cold working. Welding
further induces the residual stress at the corners because of high local heating.
Corner cracking occurs when the yield stress of these cold formed sections is
exceeded by the residual stress built up at the corners.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

14

Stress

Ultimate strength

Increase of yield stress


due to strain hardening
Yield point
after cold working
Initial
loading

Fracture

Further loading after


cold working

Loss of ductility
due to cold working

Ductility after
cold working

Strain

Figure 1 Effect of cold working on material properties for cold formed hollow sections

Section properties
Cold formed rectangular and square hollow sections have rounder corners than the
hot finished sections. This is to avoid corner cracking from occurring during the
forming of cold formed sections, because of too sharp corner radius or too thick
sections.
However, the larger or rounder the corner radius, the smaller are the cross sectional
area, moment of inertia, section modulus and radius of gyration, etc. for a given size of
section compared with a similar hot finished section. Larger corner radii can make
fabrication difficult and require additional weld metal or profiling to produce the right fitup. This is a problem particularly when connecting one section to the face of another
section of similar size (see Figure 2), and can also add to fabrication costs.

The tight corner radii of hot finished


sections provide good preparation for
welding, especially where members of
the same width are to be welded
together.

The larger corner radii of cold formed sections


will require additional weld metal or additional
profiling to produce the required fit-up; both add
to fabrication costs, especially where members
of the same width are to be welded together.

Figure 2 Comparison of corner radius of hot finished and cold formed hollow sections

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

15

Structural performance
For cold formed sections in tension, the variation of strength around the section could
lead to local over-stressing, which together with the reduced ductility in cold formed
sections could reduce the capability of the sections to redistribute loads.
As local stress redistribution often occurs even in elastic design, the maximum value of
yield/tensile strength ratio should not exceed 80%. This limitation is incorporated in
some standards (extract from Hot formed RHS winning on points from British Steel).
The ductility and Charpy impact toughness for sections to EN 10219 are equivalent to
hot finished hollow sections to EN 10210.
For the classification of cross sections the limiting width to thickness ratio will need
minor adjustments to take into account the residual stresses in the section due to cold
forming and the ductility of the material.
According to Europe Code 3 (ENV 1993-1-1:1992/A1:1994), welding of cold formed
sections should not be carried out in the cold deformed zones or within the adjacent
width of 5t each side, see Table 3, unless either:
-the cold-deformed zones are normalised after cold-forming but before welding;
-the thickness does not exceed the relevant value obtained from Table 3.
Maximum thickness (mm)
r/t

Strain due to cold


forming (%)

Generally
Predominantly
static loading

> 25

Where fatigue
predominates

Fully killed
Aluminium-killed
steel
(Al > 0.02%)

> 2

Any

Any

Any

> 10

> 5

Any

16

Any

> 3.0

> 14

24

12

24

> 2.0

> 20

12

10

12

> 1.5

> 25

10

> 1.0

> 33

5t
t
5t

Table 3 Conditions for welding cold-deformed zones and adjacent material

Due to stress relief effects, cold formed hollow sections are subject to greater
distortion than hot finished sections when subject to shot blasting, galvanising and
welding. This can cause local buckling, corner cracking and other deformations, and
will obviously have a large impact on the capacity when used as beams and columns.

Compression resistance
For compression members, the design strength should be based on the yield strength
of the cold finished section (as given in EN 10219) and not on that of the parent plate.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

16

Because of the lower sectional properties and the residual stresses caused by the
manufacturing process, a lower column curve (curve C) is used for the cold formed
sections compared to curve A for the hot finished sections. This results in a larger
reduction of the compression strength. Figure 3 shows the column curves.
"Strut" Curves

Compressive strength, N/mm

300

250

Curve A

200

150

Curve C

100

50

0
0

25

50

75

100

125

150

175

200

Slenderness ratio,

Note : Please refer to BS 5950 for design

Figure 3 Compression/Slenderness curves for columns

Web bearing and buckling


Formulae for buckling and bearing for hot finished hollow sections can be found in the
SCI Publication Design Guide to the BS 5950: Part 1; Volume 1 Section Properties
and member capacities and these may also be used for cold formed sections (extract
from New Steel Construction, August/September 1998).

Tension, shear and bending


Cold formed members in tension, shear, bending and lateral torsional buckling may be
treated in the same way as hot finished hollow sections (extract from New Steel
Construction, August/September 1998).

Summary
Light gauge open cold formed sections have been widely used for secondary
structures of steel-framed buildings, such as purlins. Concern is however on the use of
the cold formed hollow sections for primary structures. For a cold formed hollow
section of the same nominal size, thickness and grade as a hot finished hollow
section, the compression capacity dependent on the slenderness, can be 34% lower
than for the hot finished section.
The application of the current design rules on cold formed hollow sections might lead
to optimistic results, because the rounder corner radius for these sections can affect
the web buckling characteristics of the section.
Most design rules have restrictions on welding of cold formed sections due to the
residual stresses that occurs and to avoid corner cracking.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

17

The advice is that there should not be direct substitution or interchanging of


sections without a capacity checking.
To avoid uncertified substitution the designers and quality surveyors have to know how
to visually differentiate cold formed and hot finished sections. A few things they should
know are:
Because of the cold forming process the cold formed sections have a smoother,
sometimes oily surface, while the hot finished sections have a rougher surface.
If the sections are blasted or painted the corner radius and weld seam will indicate if
the beam/column is hot finished or cold formed.
As mentioned earlier the corner radius of cold formed sections are rounder than the
corner radius of hot finished sections.
The seam of welded cold formed sections are always on one of the flat sides, with a
distance from the corner, and on the same place for all members of the same
bundle, but for the hot finished sections the seam can be anywhere on the crosssection.

Fire resistance
There are several options to insure the fire resistance of steel structures. While hollow
sections can be protected on the inside, the outside or a combination of both, the
universal columns can only be protected on the outside.

Externally protected columns


For universal columns and unfilled structural hollow sections there are a number of
ways to protect the columns, including casing by plasterboards, cementitious sprays,
intumescent coatings or pre-formed casings, such as tube-in-tube systems. In all of
these cases the fire-protected structural hollow sections will have the minimum area
compared to all other similarly loaded columns in other materials.

Internally protected columns


Structural hollow sections have the advantage that fire protection material like water
or concrete, can be filled inside the columns. It is very simple to design a hollow
section with structural grade concrete filling. First, the column is checked for room
temperature loading, and then the fire resistance is checked, if required, an external
fire protection system is added. This method is very economic as it both minimises the
wall thickness of the hollow section, because of the concrete, and reduces the
thickness of the external protection system markedly below that of the unfilled section.
With use of concrete as internal protection of a structural hollow section, external
protection might not be necessary at all. The concrete filling will support the load
when the temperature has reached the point where the load bearing capacity of the
steel is under the actual forces imposed on the structure. The concrete core is
designed to carry the whole of the load at the fire limit-state. Plain concrete filling is
suitable for mainly axially loaded columns, while bar reinforced concrete is required for
columns with significant moments.
For externally protected columns the composite concrete filled, intumescent-coated
solution gives the smallest required columns. While for the internally protected
columns the bar reinforced concrete filled solution gives the smallest footprint.
Among all the four solutions the composite concrete filled, intumescent-coated column
gives the most economic solution.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

EXPLANATORY NOTES

18

Cost comparisons
British Steel in the United Kingdom has made a comparison between different types of
fire protection on hollow section columns and other steel sections. The study
compared options for a typical 7-storey internal column carrying a loading of 6kN/m2
on a grid layout of 7.2 metres by 6 metres. Where possible steel of design grade S355
was used, in general, this gives the most economical solution for structural steelwork.
In the case of internal protection, plain or bar reinforced concrete is assumed. In the
case of external protection, fire resistant boards were assumed for non-circular
columns, such as universal columns and rectangular/square hollow columns.
Three basic design options are possible for column design of structural hollow
sections, and British Steel looked at all 3 of them in this study.
Option 1: Columns are designed on a floor by floor basis or by grouping two or three
storeys together. The lightest steel section is selected for each column lift. This option
produces the minimum weight column with sizes reducing through the height of the
building.
Option 2: Columns are designed as in Option 1, but have constant external
dimensions throughout the height of the building. The column at the lowest level is
designed for the least weight solution and it is the external dimensions of this section
that are used for all other sections at higher levels. At the higher levels, the wall
thickness of the hollow sections is progressively reduced.
Option 3: Columns are designed as in Option 2, but the type of column selected is
optimised for all the columns over the height of the building rather than just the ground
floor, as in Option 2. Generally this means that the ground floor column is smaller and
thicker than that in Option 2, but the column serial size chosen allows the overall
weight of columns to be reduced.
Table 4 and Table 5 compares the costs of UC, CHS and RHS columns for various
methods of fire protection. Circled solutions are most economical.
CHS

External Board

Fire Protection Options


Intumescent Paint
Internal Concrete Filling
Circular Hollow Sections
Bar Reinforced
Unfilled
Composite
Plain concrete
concrete

Columns
Options

UC

Option 1

100

111

88

134

88

Option 2

100

159

113

186

107

Option 3

100

111

97

186

107

Table 4 Fire resistance: Cost comparison universal columns vs. circular hollows
RHS

External Board

Fire Protection Options


External Board
Intumescent
Internal Concrete Filling
Paint
Rectangular Hollow Sections
Unfilled
Composite
Composite
Plain concrete Bar Reinforced
concrete

Columns
Options

UC

Option 1

100

108

92

90

163

113

Option 2

100

111

121

115

231

123

Option 3

100

111

100

102

231

123

Table 5 Fire resistance: Cost comparison universal columns vs. rectangular hollows

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS

19

Universal Beams and Columns

General
The section sizes of universal beams and columns are given in the tables on the
following pages. We have split up the sections in metric and imperial sizes because
the sections are rolled after different standard specifications.
The tables cover I-beams, IPE- beams, H-beams and HE-beams. The difference
between these beams is that the H/HE-beams have wider flange than the I/IPE-beams
and therefore look more like the letter H than the letter I, see Figure 4. In our
catalogue we put them all together to make it easier to make the ultimate choice.

Heavy Column
Sections. (H/HE)

Wide Flange Sections. Web


height and flange width
approximately equal. (H/HE)

Medium Flange
Sections. (I/IPE)

Narrow Flange
Sections. (I/IPE)

Figure 4 Universal Beams and Columns: Section shapes

The standard specifications used for production of universal beams and columns in
this region are listed in this table.
Material

Yield strength
N/mm2

AS 3679.1 (1996)
Grade 250
Grade 300
Grade 350

12mm 12-40 40mm


260
250
230
300
300
300
360
340
330
min. 250
ASTM A36 (1996)
ASTM A572 (1997)
Grade 42
min. 290
Grade 50
min. 345
Grade 60
min. 415
Grade 65
min. 450
min. 345
ASTM A588 (1997)

Tensile strength Min. Elongation Min. Charpy VDimensions


N/mm2
L0=5.65
S0 notch. Temp. 20C & Tolerances
min. 410
min. 430
min. 480
400-550

22 %
22 %
20 %
20-21 %

27J
27J
27J
-

AS 3679.1
(1996)

min. 415
min. 450
min. 520
min. 550
min. 485

20-24 %
18-21 %
16-18 %
15-17 %
18-21 %

ASTM A6
(1997)

22 %
20 %

27J
27J

BS 4360 (1986)
Grade 43A
Grade 50A

min. 275
min. 355

430-580
490-640

EN 10025 (1993)
S275JR
S355JR
EN 10113 (1993)
S275N
S355N

16mm 16-40 40mm


275
265
255
355
345
335
16mm 16-40 40mm
275
265
255
355
345
335

3-100mm
410-560
490-630
3-100mm
370-510
470-630

JIS 3101 (1995)


SS400
SS490
SS540
JIS 3106 (1995)
SM400A, B
SM490A, B
SM490YA, YB
SM520B

16mm 16-40 40mm


245
235
215
285
275
255
400
390
16mm 16-40 40mm
245
235
215
325
315
295
365
355
335
365
355
335

t<100mm
400-510
490-610
min 540
t<100mm
400-510
490-610
490-610
520-640

24 %
22 %

10<t
150mm
27J
27J
10<t
150mm
27J
27J

17-24 %
15-21 %
13-17 %

18-24 %
17-23 %
15-21 %
15-21 %

17-22 %
17-22 %

Table 6 Universal Beams and Columns: Standard specifications

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

BS 4 Part 1
(1993)

EN 10034
(1993)

JIS 3192
(1994)

20
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS

Universal Beams and Columns

r
t

Metric units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre
mm
100x50
100x100

125x60
125x125
150x75
150x100
150x150

175x90
175x125
175x175

200x100

200x150

200x200

250x125

250x175

250x250

300x150

kg/m
9.30
14.8
16.9
17.2
13.2
23.6
23.8
14.0
20.7
21.1
31.1
31.5
37.4
18.0
18.1
23.3
32.8
40.2
40.4
17.8
18.2
20.9
21.3
29.9
30.6
36.9
41.4
49.9
57.8
65.7
25.1
25.7
29.0
29.6
43.6
44.1
51.6
59.1
66.5
71.8
72.4
81.6
98.1
25.0
32.0
36.7
41.4
46.2
69.0

Depth
Width
Of
Of
Section Section
D

mm
100
100
100
100
125
125
125
150
148
148
150
150
154
175
175
169
171
175
175
198
198
200
200
194
194
198
196
200
204
208
248
248
250
250
244
244
248
252
248
250
250
250
260
294
298
300
304
306
318

mm
50
100
100
100
60
125
125
75
100
100
150
150
151
90
90
125
174
175
175
99
99
100
100
150
150
151
199
200
201
202
124
124
125
125
175
175
176
177
249
250
250
255
253
148
149
150
150
151
154

Thickness

Flange Web
T
t
mm
7
7
8
8
8
9
9
7
9
9
10
10
12
8
8
8
9
11
11
7
7
8
8
9
9
11
10
12
14
16
8
8
9
9
11
11
13
15
13
14
14
14
19
6
8
9
11
12
18

mm
5
5
6
6
6
6.5
6.5
5
6
6
7
7
8
5
5
5.5
6
7.5
7.5
4.5
4.5
5.5
5.5
6
6
7
6.5
8
9
10
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
9
8
9
9
14
12
4.5
5.5
6.5
6.5
7.5
11

Root
Depth
Radius Between
Fillets

Area
Of
Section

mm
8
10
8
10
9
8
10
8
8
11
8
11
11
8
9
12
12
12
13
8
11
8
11
8
13
13
13
13
13
13
8
12
8
12
13
16
16
16
16
13
16
13
16
16
13
13
13
13
13

mm
70
66
68
64
91
91
87
120
114
108
114
108
108
143
141
129
129
129
127
168
162
168
162
160
150
150
150
150
150
150
216
208
216
208
196
190
190
190
190
196
190
196
190
250
256
256
256
256
256

cm2
11.8
19.2
21.6
21.9
16.8
30.0
30.3
17.8
26.3
26.8
39.6
40.1
47.7
22.9
23.0
29.7
41.7
51.2
51.4
22.7
23.2
26.7
27.2
38.1
39.0
47.0
52.7
63.5
73.6
83.7
32.0
32.7
37.0
37.7
55.5
56.2
65.7
75.3
84.7
91.4
92.2
104
125
32.6
40.8
46.8
52.8
58.8
87.9

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange Web
b/T
d/t
3.57
7.14
6.25
6.25
3.75
6.94
6.94
5.36
5.56
5.56
7.50
7.50
6.29
5.63
5.63
7.81
9.67
7.95
7.95
7.07
7.07
6.25
6.25
8.33
8.33
6.86
9.95
8.33
7.18
6.31
7.75
7.75
6.94
6.94
7.95
7.95
6.77
5.90
9.58
8.93
8.93
9.11
6.66
12.3
9.31
8.33
6.82
6.29
4.28

14.0
13.2
11.3
10.7
15.2
14.0
13.4
24.0
19.0
18.0
16.3
15.4
13.5
28.6
28.2
23.5
21.5
17.2
16.9
37.3
36.0
30.5
29.5
26.7
25.0
21.4
23.1
18.8
16.7
15.0
43.2
41.6
36.0
34.7
28.0
27.1
23.8
21.1
23.8
21.8
21.1
14.0
15.8
55.6
46.5
39.4
39.4
34.1
23.3

Dimensions For Detailing


End
Clearance
C

mm
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
6
6
4
4
5
5
5
5
6
5
6
7
7
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
7
6
7
7
9
8
4
5
5
5
6
8

mm
33
58
57
57
37
69
69
45
57
57
82
82
82
53
53
70
94
94
94
57
57
57
57
82
82
82
106
106
106
106
70
70
70
70
94
94
94
94
131
131
131
131
131
82
82
82
82
82
82

mm
15
17
16
18
17
17
19
15
17
20
18
21
23
16
17
20
21
23
24
15
18
16
19
17
22
24
23
25
27
29
16
20
17
21
24
27
29
31
29
27
30
27
35
22
21
22
24
25
31

Notch

21
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS
y

Metric units

Designation
Surface
Size
Unit
Area
Weight
Per
Metre
mm
100x50
100x100

125x60
125x125
150x75
150x100
150x150

175x90
175x125
175x175

200x100

200x150

200x200

250x125

250x175

250x250

300x150

kg/m
9.3
14.8
16.9
17.2
13.2
23.6
23.8
14.0
20.7
21.1
31.1
31.5
37.4
18.0
18.1
23.3
32.8
40.2
40.4
17.8
18.2
20.9
21.3
29.9
30.6
36.9
41.4
49.9
57.8
65.7
25.1
25.7
29.0
29.6
43.6
44.1
51.6
59.1
66.5
71.8
72.4
81.6
98.1
25.0
32.0
36.7
41.4
46.2
69.0

m2
0.376
0.570
0.574
0.571
0.463
0.723
0.720
0.576
0.670
0.665
0.872
0.867
0.877
0.686
0.685
0.806
1.01
1.01
1.01
0.769
0.764
0.775
0.770
0.962
0.954
0.964
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.18
0.968
0.961
0.974
0.967
1.15
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.45
1.46
1.45
1.47
1.48
1.14
1.16
1.16
1.17
1.18
1.21

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y
cm4
188
344
378
383
413
840
847
666
1003
1021
1623
1641
2018
1205
1214
1529
2304
2884
2895
1543
1582
1806
1844
2625
2690
3331
3846
4716
5603
6531
3450
3537
3965
4052
6037
6122
7308
8541
9931
10750
10830
11400
15340
4940
6318
7210
8578
9514
14820

cm4
14.8
117.0
134
134
29.2
293
294
49.5
150
151
563
563
690
97.5
97.6
261
791
984
984
113
114
134
134
507
507
633
1315
1602
1897
2201
255
255
294
294
984
985
1184
1390
3348
3648
3649
3876
5134
326
442
508
620
691
1100

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

x-x

y-y

cm
3.98
4.20
4.18
4.18
4.95
5.29
5.29
6.11
6.17
6.17
6.40
6.39
6.51
7.26
7.26
7.18
7.43
7.50
7.50
8.25
8.26
8.23
8.24
8.30
8.30
8.42
8.54
8.62
8.73
8.83
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.5
10.7
10.8
10.8
10.8
10.5
11.1
12.3
12.4
12.4
12.7
12.7
13.0

cm3
37.5
69.0
75.6
76.5
66.1
134
136
88.8
135
138
216
219
262
138
139
181
269
330
331
156
160
181
184
271
277
336
392
472
549
628
278
285
317
324
495
502
589
678
801
860
867
912
1180
336
424
481
564
622
932

cm3
5.93
23.0
26.7
26.8
9.75
46.9
47.0
13.2
30.1
30.1
75.1
75.1
91.4
21.7
21.7
41.8
90.9
112
112
22.9
23.0
26.7
26.8
67.6
67.7
83.8
132
160
189
218
41.1
41.1
47.0
47.0
112
113
135
157
269
292
292
304
406
44.0
59.4
67.7
82.7
91.5
143

cm3
44.1
78.0
86.4
87.6
77.6
152
154
102
154
157
243
246
298
156
157
202
298
369
370
175
180
205
209
301
309
377
433
525
617
710
312
319
358
366
550
558
660
764
883
953
960
1031
1330
375
475
542
633
702
1070

cm3
9.5
36.0
41.0
41.2
15.7
71.7
71.9
20.8
46.4
46.7
114
115
140
33.6
33.7
64.3
138
171
172
35.5
35.7
41.6
41.9
103
104
128
201
244
287
332
63.2
63.6
72.7
73.1
172
173
207
241
408
443
444
467
618
68.4
91.8
105
128
142
223

cm
1.12
2.47
2.49
2.47
1.32
3.13
3.11
1.67
2.39
2.37
3.77
3.75
3.80
2.06
2.06
2.97
4.35
4.38
4.37
2.24
2.22
2.24
2.22
3.65
3.61
3.67
5.00
5.02
5.08
5.13
2.82
2.79
2.82
2.79
4.21
4.19
4.24
4.30
6.29
6.32
6.29
6.11
6.41
3.16
3.29
3.29
3.43
3.43
3.54

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling Torsional
Parameter
Index

u
0.876
0.843
0.836
0.837
0.872
0.839
0.840
0.876
0.880
0.881
0.841
0.842
0.845
0.885
0.885
0.879
0.845
0.844
0.845
0.883
0.884
0.878
0.880
0.876
0.878
0.879
0.847
0.846
0.847
0.848
0.884
0.886
0.880
0.881
0.883
0.884
0.884
0.885
0.850
0.847
0.848
0.826
0.849
0.878
0.880
0.876
0.888
0.884
0.884

Warping
Constant

Torsional
Constant

12.7
12.3
11.1
10.7
14.0
12.8
12.5
20.4
15.8
15.0
14.1
13.7
11.8
21.8
21.4
19.1
17.5
14.7
14.5
28.4
26.5
24.9
23.6
21.2
19.8
16.9
18.2
15.5
13.6
12.2
32.0
29.9
28.4
26.9
21.3
20.5
18.0
16.0
17.9
17.1
16.7
15.7
12.8
39.7
35.6
32.0
27.8
25.6
17.9

dm6
0.000320
0.00253
0.00283
0.00283
0.00100
0.00987
0.00988
0.00253
0.00727
0.00728
0.0276
0.0276
0.0348
0.00680
0.00680
0.0169
0.0519
0.0662
0.0662
0.0103
0.0104
0.0123
0.0124
0.0434
0.0434
0.0553
0.114
0.142
0.171
0.203
0.0367
0.0367
0.0426
0.0427
0.134
0.134
0.163
0.195
0.462
0.508
0.508
0.540
0.745
0.0676
0.0930
0.107
0.133
0.149
0.248

cm4
2.03
3.53
4.73
5.17
3.75
7.91
8.43
2.81
6.56
7.37
12.5
13.5
22.2
4.31
4.50
6.76
11.5
20.4
21.0
3.30
3.86
5.08
5.77
9.32
10.9
18.5
17.6
29.8
45.8
66.7
5.78
6.74
8.51
9.68
21.2
23.2
36.1
53.2
46.7
55.8
58.7
75.4
141
5.51
8.65
12.4
18.8
24.9
79.0

22
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS

Universal Beams and Columns

r
t

Metric units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre
mm
300x200

300x300

350x175

350x250

350x350

400x200

400x300

400x400

kg/m
48.3
55.8
56.8
65.4
77.3
87.0
93.0
94.0
105
106
125
130
147
41.2
41.4
49.4
49.6
57.8
66.2
71.8
79.7
69.2
78.1
79.7
94.2
108
113
115
135
137
159
181
56.1
56.6
65.4
66.0
75.5
88.2
140
187
94.3
105
107
127
144
140
147
172
197
200
232
235
283
415
605

Depth
Width
Of
Of
Section Section
D

mm
290
294
294
298
304
298
300
300
300
304
310
310
312
346
346
350
350
354
358
360
364
336
340
340
346
350
344
344
350
350
356
362
396
396
400
400
404
410
430
446
386
390
390
396
402
388
394
400
400
406
414
408
428
458
498

mm
199
200
200
201
202
299
300
300
305
301
303
305
310
174
174
175
175
176
177
178
177
249
250
250
251
253
348
354
350
350
352
354
199
199
200
200
201
202
208
214
299
300
300
302
303
402
398
400
408
403
405
412
407
417
432

Thickness

Flange Web
T
t
mm
10
12
12
14
17
14
15
15
15
17
20
20
21
9
9
11
11
13
15
16
18
12
14
14
17
19
16
16
19
19
22
25
11
11
13
13
15
18
28
36
14
16
16
19
22
15
18
21
21
24
28
25
35
50
70

mm
7
8
8
9
10
9
10
10
15
11
13
15
20
6
6
7
7
8
9
10
11
8
9
9
10
12
10
10
12
12
14
16
7
7
8
8
9
10
16
22
9
10
10
12
13
15
11
13
21
16
18
25
20
30
45

Root
Depth
Radius Between
Fillets

Area
Of
Section

mm
18
13
18
18
18
18
13
18
13
18
18
18
18
13
14
13
14
14
14
14
14
20
13
20
20
20
13
20
13
20
20
20
13
16
13
16
16
16
16
16
22
13
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22

mm
234
244
234
234
234
234
244
234
244
234
234
234
234
302
300
302
300
300
300
300
300
272
286
272
272
272
286
272
286
272
272
272
348
342
348
342
342
342
342
342
314
332
314
314
314
314
314
314
314
314
314
314
314
314
314

cm2
61.5
71.1
72.4
83.4
98.5
111
118
120
133
135
159
165
187
52.5
52.7
62.9
63.1
73.7
84.3
91.4
101
88.2
100
102
120
137
144
148
172
174
202
230
71.4
72.2
83.4
84.1
96.2
112
179
239
120
133
136
162
184
178
187
219
251
255
295
300
361
529
770

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange Web
b/T
d/t
9.95
8.33
8.33
7.18
5.94
10.7
10.0
10.0
10.2
8.85
7.58
7.63
7.38
9.67
9.67
7.95
7.95
6.77
5.90
5.56
4.92
10.4
8.93
8.93
7.38
6.66
10.9
11.1
9.21
9.21
8.00
7.08
9.05
9.05
7.69
7.69
6.70
5.61
3.71
2.97
10.7
9.38
9.38
7.95
6.89
13.4
11.1
9.52
9.71
8.40
7.23
8.24
5.81
4.17
3.09

33.4
30.5
29.3
26.0
23.4
26.0
24.4
23.4
16.3
21.3
18.0
15.6
11.7
50.3
50.0
43.1
42.9
37.5
33.3
30.0
27.3
34.0
31.8
30.2
27.2
22.7
28.6
27.2
23.8
22.7
19.4
17.0
49.7
48.9
43.5
42.8
38.0
34.2
21.4
15.5
34.9
33.2
31.4
26.2
24.2
20.9
28.5
24.2
15.0
19.6
17.4
12.6
15.7
10.5
7.0

Dimensions For Detailing


End
Clearance
C

mm
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
10
8
9
10
12
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
8
6
7
7
7
8
7
7
8
8
9
10
6
6
6
6
7
7
10
13
7
7
7
8
9
10
8
9
13
10
11
15
12
17
25

mm
106
106
106
106
106
155
155
155
155
155
155
155
155
94
94
94
94
94
94
94
93
131
131
131
131
131
179
182
179
179
179
179
106
106
106
106
106
106
106
106
155
155
155
155
155
204
204
204
204
204
204
204
204
204
204

mm
28
25
30
32
35
32
28
33
28
35
38
38
39
22
23
24
25
27
29
30
32
32
27
34
37
39
29
36
32
39
42
45
24
27
26
29
31
34
44
52
36
29
38
41
44
37
40
43
43
46
50
47
57
72
92

Notch

23
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS
y

Metric units

Designation
Surface
Size
Unit
Area
Weight
Per
Metre
mm
300x200

350x175

350x250

400x200

400x300

400x400

kg/m
48.3
55.8
56.8
65.4
77.3
87.0
93.0
94.0
105
106
125
130
147
41.2
41.4
49.4
49.6
57.8
66.2
71.8
79.7
69.2
78.1
79.7
94.2
108
113
115
135
137
159
181
56.1
56.6
65.4
66.0
75.5
88.2
140
187
94.3
105
107
127
144
140
147
172
197
200
232
235
283
415
605

m2
1.33
1.35
1.34
1.35
1.37
1.74
1.76
1.75
1.77
1.76
1.78
1.78
1.79
1.35
1.35
1.36
1.36
1.37
1.38
1.39
1.39
1.62
1.64
1.63
1.64
1.65
2.04
2.05
2.05
2.04
2.06
2.07
1.55
1.55
1.56
1.56
1.57
1.58
1.63
1.68
1.91
1.94
1.92
1.94
1.95
2.32
2.32
2.34
2.35
2.35
2.37
2.38
2.41
2.49
2.60

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y
cm4
9431
11110
11340
13310
16280
18850
20190
20410
21310
23380
28130
28630
31370
11040
11100
13500
13560
16100
18710
20240
22760
18510
21230
21680
26440
30190
32850
33810
39847
40300
47590
55190
19770
20020
23460
23710
27490
33060
54850
75250
33680
37860
38680
46660
54420
48970
56150
66620
70890
78040
92770
86470
119200
187100
297900

cm4
1317
1602
1604
1900
2341
6242
6753
6756
7103
7733
9282
9470
10450
792
792
984
985
1184
1390
1508
1669
3093
3649
3652
4488
5138
11240
11840
13583
13590
16000
18500
1447
1448
1736
1737
2035
2478
4216
5919
6246
7204
7210
8735
10220
16260
18930
22420
23810
26200
31030
29200
39360
60530
94360

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x
y-y
cm
12.4
12.5
12.5
12.6
12.9
13.0
13.1
13.1
12.6
13.2
13.3
13.2
13.0
14.5
14.5
14.6
14.7
14.8
14.9
14.9
15.0
14.5
14.6
14.6
14.8
14.8
15.1
15.1
15.2
15.2
15.3
15.5
16.6
16.7
16.8
16.8
16.9
17.2
17.5
17.8
16.7
16.9
16.9
17.0
17.2
16.6
17.3
17.5
16.8
17.5
17.7
17.0
18.2
18.8
19.7

cm
4.63
4.75
4.71
4.77
4.88
7.51
7.55
7.51
7.30
7.57
7.64
7.57
7.48
3.88
3.88
3.96
3.95
4.01
4.06
4.06
4.06
5.92
6.05
6.00
6.12
6.12
8.84
8.95
8.89
8.84
8.90
8.96
4.50
4.48
4.56
4.54
4.60
4.70
4.86
4.98
7.21
7.35
7.28
7.35
7.45
9.55
10.1
10.1
9.75
10.1
10.2
9.87
10.4
10.7
11.1

Elastic
Modulus
Axis
x-x
cm3
650
756
771
893
1071
1265
1346
1361
1421
1538
1815
1847
2011
638
641
771
775
909
1045
1124
1250
1102
1249
1275
1528
1725
1910
1966
2277
2303
2674
3049
999
1011
1173
1185
1361
1612
2551
3374
1745
1942
1983
2357
2707
2524
2850
3331
3545
3844
4482
4239
5570
8172
11960

Axis
y-y

Plastic
Modulus

x-x

cm3
cm3
132
721
160
842
160
859
189 1000
232 1204
418 1389
450 1484
450 1501
466 1596
514 1705
613 2031
621 2079
674 2295
91.0
712
91.0
716
113
864
113
868
135 1022
157 1180
169 1276
189 1425
248 1215
292 1382
292 1412
358 1699
406 1935
646 2092
669 2153
776 2515
776 2545
909 2979
1045 3424
145 1114
145 1128
174 1313
174 1326
202 1528
245 1815
405 2941
553 3968
418 1918
480 2141
481 2188
578 2620
674 3022
809 2802
951 3118
1121 3672
1167 3992
1300 4280
1532 5026
1418 4818
1934 6311
2903 9540
4369 14460

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

y-y
cm3
203
245
247
291
356
634
683
684
714
781
932
949
1040
140
140
173
174
208
243
263
293
380
445
447
547
623
978
1014
1176
1179
1382
1591
223
224
267
268
312
378
632
873
637
730
733
884
1030
1237
1441
1700
1794
1977
2331
2185
2941
4436
6724

Buckling Torsional
Parameter
Index

u
0.882
0.882
0.883
0.884
0.888
0.850
0.847
0.848
0.828
0.849
0.849
0.842
0.830
0.881
0.882
0.883
0.884
0.885
0.886
0.883
0.884
0.881
0.881
0.882
0.886
0.882
0.848
0.846
0.847
0.849
0.848
0.848
0.883
0.884
0.885
0.886
0.887
0.891
0.887
0.883
0.880
0.879
0.881
0.880
0.883
0.830
0.850
0.850
0.828
0.846
0.848
0.827
0.854
0.853
0.852

Warping
Constant

Torsional
Constant

26.0
24.0
22.7
20.1
17.2
20.0
19.4
18.8
17.9
16.9
14.6
14.4
13.0
38.1
37.5
32.2
31.8
27.6
24.4
22.9
20.6
25.8
24.2
22.8
19.5
17.6
21.1
20.4
18.0
17.5
15.4
13.7
36.8
35.6
31.8
30.9
27.4
23.4
15.7
12.5
25.8
24.5
23.2
20.0
17.7
22.5
20.9
18.2
16.7
16.1
14.1
14.2
11.6
8.5
6.4

dm6
0.258
0.319
0.319
0.383
0.482
1.26
1.37
1.37
1.44
1.59
1.95
1.99
2.21
0.225
0.225
0.283
0.283
0.344
0.409
0.446
0.499
0.812
0.969
0.970
1.21
1.41
3.02
3.18
3.72
3.72
4.46
5.25
0.536
0.536
0.650
0.650
0.770
0.952
1.70
2.49
2.16
2.52
2.52
3.10
3.69
5.66
6.69
8.05
8.55
9.56
11.6
10.7
15.2
25.2
43.2

cm4
22.8
31.4
35.8
53.4
87.8
71.3
82.1
88.1
109
125
200
215
298
13.2
13.6
22.4
23.0
36.1
53.6
66.3
91.3
44.6
58.0
66.3
109
155
111
123
186
199
305
445
25.0
27.1
39.6
42.2
62.3
101
373
825
79.9
100
114
185
272
156
194
303
415
462
714
694
1317
3885
11060

24
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS

Universal Beams and Columns

r
t

Metric units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre
mm
450x200

450x300

500x200

500x300

600x200

600x300

700x300

800x300

900x300

kg/m
65.1
66.2
74.9
76.0
88.9
98.9
110
106
121
124
145
77.9
79.5
88.2
89.6
102
103
117
111
114
125
128
150
79.0
92.5
94.6
103
106
118
120
134
133
137
147
151
170
175
203
217
166
182
185
215
191
207
210
241
267
210
213
240
243
283
286
304
307

Depth
Width
Of
Of
Section Section
D

mm
446
446
450
450
456
460
460
434
440
440
446
496
496
500
500
506
506
512
482
482
488
488
494
592
596
596
600
600
606
606
612
582
582
588
588
594
594
602
608
692
700
700
708
792
800
800
808
816
890
890
900
900
912
912
918
918

mm
199
199
200
200
201
202
205
299
300
300
302
199
199
200
200
201
201
202
300
300
300
300
302
197
199
199
200
200
201
201
202
300
300
300
300
302
302
304
304
300
300
300
302
300
300
300
302
303
299
299
300
300
302
302
303
303

Thickness

Flange Web
T
t
mm
12
12
14
14
17
19
19
15
18
18
21
14
14
16
16
19
19
22
15
15
18
18
21
13
15
15
17
17
20
20
23
17
17
20
20
23
23
27
30
20
24
24
28
22
26
26
30
34
23
23
28
28
34
34
37
37

mm
8
8
9
9
10
11
14
10
11
11
13
9
9
10
10
11
11
12
11
11
11
11
13
8
10
10
11
11
12
12
13
12
12
12
12
14
14
16
16
13
13
13
15
14
14
14
16
17
15
15
16
16
18
18
19
19

Root
Depth
Radius Between
Fillets

Area
Of
Section

mm
13
18
13
18
18
18
18
24
13
24
24
13
20
13
20
13
20
20
13
26
13
26
26
22
13
22
13
22
13
22
22
13
28
13
28
13
28
28
28
28
18
28
28
28
18
28
28
28
18
28
18
28
18
28
18
28

mm
396
386
396
386
386
386
386
356
378
356
356
442
428
442
428
442
428
428
426
400
426
400
400
522
540
522
540
522
540
522
522
522
492
522
492
522
492
492
492
596
616
596
596
692
712
692
692
692
808
788
808
788
808
788
808
788

cm2
83.0
84.3
95.4
96.8
113
126
140
135
154
157
184
99
101
112
114
129
131
148
141
146
159
164
191
101
118
120
132
134
150
152
171
169
174
187
192
217
222
259
277
211
232
235
274
243
264
267
308
340
267
271
306
310
360
364
387
391

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange Web
b/T
d/t
8.29
8.29
7.14
7.14
5.91
5.32
5.39
9.97
8.33
8.33
7.19
7.11
7.11
6.25
6.25
5.29
5.29
4.59
10.0
10.0
8.33
8.33
7.19
7.58
6.63
6.63
5.88
5.88
5.03
5.03
4.39
8.82
8.82
7.50
7.50
6.57
6.57
5.63
5.07
7.50
6.25
6.25
5.39
6.82
5.77
5.77
5.03
4.46
6.50
6.50
5.36
5.36
4.44
4.44
4.09
4.09

49.5
48.3
44.0
42.9
38.6
35.1
27.6
35.6
34.4
32.4
27.4
49.1
47.6
44.2
42.8
40.2
38.9
35.7
38.7
36.4
38.7
36.4
30.8
65.3
54.0
52.2
49.1
47.5
45.0
43.5
40.2
43.5
41.0
43.5
41.0
37.3
35.1
30.8
30.8
45.8
47.4
45.8
39.7
49.4
50.9
49.4
43.3
40.7
53.9
52.5
50.5
49.3
44.9
43.8
42.5
41.5

Dimensions For Detailing


End
Clearance
C

mm
6
6
7
7
7
8
9
7
8
8
9
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
6
7
7
8
8
8
8
9
8
8
8
8
9
9
10
10
9
9
9
10
9
9
9
10
11
10
10
10
10
11
11
12
12

mm
106
106
106
106
106
106
106
155
155
155
155
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
155
155
155
155
155
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
154
154
154
154
154
154
154
154
154
154
154
154
153
153
153
153
153
152
152
152
152
152
152
152
152

mm
25
30
27
32
35
37
37
39
31
42
45
27
34
29
36
32
39
42
28
41
31
44
47
35
28
37
30
39
33
42
45
30
45
33
48
36
51
55
58
48
42
52
56
50
44
54
58
62
41
51
46
56
52
62
55
65

Notch

25
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS
y

Metric units

Designation
Surface
Size
Unit
Area
Weight
Per
Metre
mm
450x200

450x300

500x200

500x300

600x200

600x300

700x300

800x300

900x300

kg/m
65.1
66.2
74.9
76.0
88.9
98.9
110
106
121
124
145
77.9
79.5
88.2
89.6
102
103
117
111
114
125
128
150
79.0
92.5
94.6
103
106
118
120
134
133
137
147
151
170
175
203
217
166
182
185
215
191
207
210
241
267
210
213
240
243
283
286
304
307

m2
1.65
1.64
1.66
1.65
1.67
1.68
1.68
2.00
2.04
2.02
2.03
1.75
1.74
1.76
1.75
1.77
1.76
1.77
2.12
2.10
2.13
2.11
2.13
1.92
1.95
1.93
1.96
1.94
1.97
1.95
1.97
2.32
2.29
2.33
2.30
2.35
2.32
2.34
2.35
2.51
2.54
2.53
2.55
2.71
2.74
2.72
2.74
2.76
2.92
2.90
2.94
2.92
2.97
2.95
2.98
2.96

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y
cm4
28130
28700
32890
33450
40400
45430
47860
46800
54730
56070
66380
40840
41870
46810
47850
55480
56520
65450
58270
60370
68860
70960
83810
58240
66640
68720
75560
77630
88320
90400
103500
98950
102700
114400
118100
133600
137300
162600
179300
172400
197500
201500
237100
253600
286400
291700
339200
383600
338500
345300
404500
411300
491000
497800
535400
542200

cm4
1579
1581
1870
1872
2308
2619
2742
6695
8106
8114
9658
1843
1846
2138
2142
2578
2582
3035
6756
6768
8106
8118
9663
1665
1976
1982
2274
2280
2716
2723
3178
7659
7675
9009
9025
10570
10590
12680
14090
9030
10820
10830
12890
9936
11720
11740
13820
15820
10280
10290
12630
12650
15660
15670
17210
17230

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x
y-y
cm
18.4
18.5
18.6
18.6
18.9
19.0
18.5
18.6
18.9
18.9
19.0
20.3
20.3
20.4
20.5
20.7
20.7
21.0
20.3
20.4
20.8
20.8
20.9
24.1
23.8
23.9
24.0
24.0
24.3
24.3
24.6
24.2
24.3
24.7
24.8
24.8
24.9
25.1
25.4
28.6
29.2
29.3
29.4
32.3
33.0
33.0
33.2
33.6
35.6
35.7
36.4
36.4
36.9
37.0
37.2
37.2

cm
4.36
4.33
4.43
4.40
4.51
4.56
4.43
7.04
7.26
7.18
7.24
4.31
4.27
4.36
4.33
4.47
4.43
4.52
6.92
6.82
7.14
7.05
7.11
4.07
4.10
4.06
4.16
4.12
4.26
4.23
4.32
6.73
6.63
6.94
6.85
6.98
6.90
7.00
7.13
6.53
6.83
6.78
6.86
6.39
6.67
6.62
6.70
6.82
6.20
6.16
6.43
6.39
6.59
6.56
6.67
6.63

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

x-x

y-y

cm3
1262
1287
1462
1487
1772
1975
2081
2157
2488
2549
2977
1647
1688
1872
1914
2193
2234
2557
2418
2505
2822
2908
3393
1968
2236
2306
2519
2588
2915
2983
3382
3400
3530
3889
4018
4497
4624
5401
5896
4984
5643
5757
6699
6405
7159
7292
8397
9402
7608
7760
8989
9139
10770
10920
11660
11810

cm3
159
159
187
187
230
259
268
448
540
541
640
185
186
214
214
257
257
300
450
451
540
541
640
169
199
199
227
228
270
271
315
511
512
601
602
700
701
834
927
602
721
722
854
662
781
782
915
1044
687
688
842
843
1037
1038
1136
1137

cm3
1423
1450
1652
1679
2003
2240
2399
2384
2757
2825
3323
1869
1914
2130
2175
2496
2541
2913
2696
2791
3132
3228
3792
2239
2576
2651
2904
2979
3357
3432
3893
3822
3963
4348
4489
5057
5197
6101
6653
5629
6338
6464
7559
7288
8098
8243
9534
10680
8750
8913
10290
10450
12340
12500
13380
13540

cm3
245
247
290
291
356
403
423
686
823
828
981
288
290
333
335
399
401
469
690
695
825
830
984
265
312
315
358
361
426
429
498
786
793
921
928
1077
1085
1292
1431
936
1110
1116
1323
1036
1210
1216
1426
1625
1079
1085
1317
1324
1622
1629
1778
1785

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling Torsional
Parameter
Index

u
0.876
0.878
0.878
0.879
0.884
0.885
0.869
0.883
0.885
0.887
0.886
0.874
0.876
0.875
0.877
0.880
0.881
0.884
0.877
0.880
0.887
0.889
0.888
0.870
0.861
0.864
0.863
0.865
0.868
0.870
0.873
0.876
0.879
0.886
0.888
0.885
0.887
0.888
0.893
0.878
0.887
0.889
0.889
0.873
0.882
0.883
0.883
0.887
0.863
0.865
0.872
0.873
0.876
0.877
0.878
0.879

Warping
Constant

Torsional
Constant

38.4
36.5
33.6
32.2
27.5
25.0
23.9
27.0
24.9
23.4
20.5
37.5
35.2
33.3
31.6
28.7
27.5
24.3
32.4
29.4
28.0
25.9
22.8
45.2
42.9
39.7
38.4
36.0
33.4
31.7
28.3
35.5
32.1
31.2
28.8
27.3
25.5
22.3
20.5
34.3
31.4
30.0
26.3
36.8
33.9
32.5
28.7
25.8
42.2
40.2
35.9
34.5
30.1
29.3
27.9
27.2

dm6
0.744
0.744
0.889
0.890
1.11
1.27
1.33
2.94
3.61
3.61
4.36
1.07
1.07
1.25
1.25
1.53
1.53
1.82
3.68
3.69
4.48
4.48
5.40
1.40
1.67
1.67
1.93
1.94
2.33
2.34
2.76
6.11
6.13
7.27
7.28
8.62
8.63
10.5
11.8
10.2
12.4
12.4
14.9
14.7
17.6
17.6
20.9
24.2
19.3
19.3
24.0
24.0
30.2
30.2
33.4
33.4

cm4
33.9
38.3
51.6
56.9
92.5
126
152
104
141
163
253
52.5
60.8
75.9
85.9
119
132
193
93.9
118
143
172
265
53.0
69.2
82.4
97.3
113
147
167
237
137
173
199
241
304
356
551
702
260
343
383
588
341
440
486
726
1003
361
403
580
633
979
1050
1234
1316

26
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS

Universal Beams and Columns

r
t

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre
in (mm)
W4-4x4
(102x102)
W5-5x3
(127x76)
W5-5x5
(127x127)
W6-6x3
(152x76)
W6-6x3 1/2
(152x89)
W6-6x4
(152x102)
W6-6x6
(152X152)

W7-7x 3 1/2
(178x89)
W7-7x4
(178x102)
W8-8x4
(203x102)

W8-8x5 1/4
(203x133)

W8-8x6 1/2
(203x165)
W8-8x8
(203x203)

W10-10x4
(254x102)

W10-10x5 3/4
(254x146)

Depth Width
Thickness
Root
Depth
Area
Of
Of
Radius Between
Of
Section Section Flange Web
Fillets Section
D

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange Web
b/T
d/t

Dimensions For Detailing


End
Clearance
C

mm
58
57
56
46

mm
15
15
18
15

Notch

lb/ft
13
13.8
16.3
9

kg/m
19.4
21.0
24.0
13.0

mm
105.7
102.0
107.0
127.0

mm
103.1
102.0
100.0
76.0

mm
8.8
9.4
12.0
7.6

mm
7.1
8.0
7.9
4.0

mm
6.4
6.0
6.0
7.6

mm
75.5
71.2
71.0
96.6

cm 2
24.7
26.1
30.9
16.5

5.88
5.43
4.17
5.00

10.6
8.90
8.99
24.2

mm
6
6
6
4

16
19
9
12
11

23.8
28.3
14.0
18.0
16.0

127.3
130.8
150.0
155.0
152.4

127.0
127.8
75.0
75.0
88.7

9.1
10.9
7.0
8.5
7.7

6.1
6.9
5.0
6.0
4.5

7.6
7.6
8.0
8.0
7.6

93.8
93.8
120.0
122.0
121.8

30.4
35.8
17.8
21.6
20.3

6.95
5.86
5.36
4.41
5.76

15.4
13.7
24.0
20.3
27.1

5
5
5
5
4

70
70
45
45
52

17
19
15
17
15

9
12
16
15
15.7
20
25
11
12
15
13

13.4
17.9
23.8
22.3
23.0
30.0
37.0
16.1
18.1
22.2
19.0

149.9
153.2
159.5
152.1
152.4
157.6
161.8
173.0
175.0
179.0
177.8

100.1
101.6
102.4
152.1
152.2
152.9
154.4
90.0
90.0
90.0
101.2

5.5
7.1
10.2
6.6
6.8
9.4
11.5
7.0
8.0
10.0
7.9

4.3
5.8
6.6
5.8
5.8
6.5
8.0
4.5
5.0
6.0
4.8

6.4
6.4
6.4
6.4
7.6
7.6
7.6
8.9
8.9
8.9
7.6

126.3
126.3
126.4
126.2
123.6
123.6
123.6
141.2
141.2
141.2
146.8

17.3
22.9
30.4
28.5
29.2
38.3
47.1
20.4
23.0
28.2
24.3

9.17
7.14
5.02
11.5
11.2
8.13
6.71
6.43
5.63
4.50
6.41

29.2
21.6
19.2
21.6
21.3
19.0
15.5
31.4
28.2
23.5
30.6

4
5
5
5
5
5
6
4
5
5
4

58
58
58
83
83
83
83
53
53
52
58

12
13
17
13
14
17
19
16
17
19
16

10
13
15
16
15
17
18
20
21
24
28
31
35
40
48
58
67
12
15
17
19
21
22
25
26
29
30

14.9
19.4
22.3
23.1
22.3
25.1
26.8
30.0
31.3
35.7
41.7
46.1
52.0
60.0
71.0
86.1
99.7
17.9
22.0
25.2
28.3
31.1
32.7
37.0
38.7
43.0
44.6

200.4
202.9
206.0
203.2
202.0
203.2
206.8
206.8
210.3
201.4
204.7
203.2
206.2
209.6
215.8
222.2
228.6
250.7
254.0
257.2
260.4
251.4
258.3
256.0
262.4
259.6
265.9

100.1
101.6
102.0
101.8
133.0
133.2
133.3
133.9
133.9
165.0
166.0
203.6
204.3
205.8
206.4
209.1
210.3
100.6
101.6
101.9
102.2
146.1
146.0
146.4
146.6
147.3
147.6

5.2
6.5
8.0
9.3
7.0
7.8
8.4
9.6
10.1
10.1
11.8
11.0
12.5
14.2
17.3
20.5
23.8
5.3
6.8
8.4
10.0
8.6
9.1
10.9
11.1
12.7
12.9

4.3
5.8
6.2
5.4
5.0
5.7
5.8
6.4
6.4
6.2
7.2
7.2
7.9
9.4
10.0
12.7
14.5
4.8
5.7
6.0
6.3
6.0
6.1
6.3
6.6
7.2
7.6

7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
8.9
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6

174.7
174.7
174.8
169.4
170.2
172.4
174.8
172.4
174.9
160.8
160.7
160.8
160.8
160.8
160.8
160.8
160.7
224.8
225.2
225.2
225.2
219.0
224.8
219.0
225.0
219.0
224.9

19.1
24.8
28.6
29.4
28.7
32.0
33.9
38.2
39.6
45.5
53.2
58.7
66.3
76.4
90.4
110
127
22.8
28.0
32.0
36.1
39.7
41.8
47.2
48.9
54.8
56.9

9.61
7.84
6.38
5.47
9.50
8.54
7.95
6.97
6.63
8.17
7.03
9.25
8.17
7.25
5.97
5.10
4.43
9.44
7.47
6.07
5.11
8.49
7.99
6.72
6.60
5.80
5.72

40.4
29.9
28.1
31.4
34.0
30.2
29.9
26.9
27.5
25.9
22.2
22.3
20.4
17.1
16.1
12.7
11.1
46.5
39.5
37.5
35.7
36.5
36.8
34.8
34.1
30.4
29.5

4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
8
9
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6

58
58
58
58
74
74
74
74
74
89
89
108
108
108
108
108
108
58
58
58
58
80
80
80
80
80
80

13
14
16
17
16
15
16
17
18
20
22
21
23
24
28
31
34
13
14
16
18
16
17
19
19
20
21

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

27
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS
y

Imperial units
Designation
Mass
Size
Per
Metre
in (mm)
W4-4x4
(102x102)
W5-5x3
(127x76)
W5-5x5
(127x127)
W6-6x3
(152x76)
W6-6x3 1/2
(152x89)
W6-6x4
(152x102)
W6-6x6
(152X152)

W7-7x 3 1/2
(178x89)
W7-7x4
(178x102)
W8-8x4
(203x102)

W8-8x5 1/4
(203x133)

W8-8x6 1/2
(203x165)
W8-8x8
(203x203)

W10-10x4
(254x102)

W10-10x5 3/4
(254x146)

Surface
Area
per
Metre

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x y-y

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

0.836
0.827
0.844
0.895

10.9
9.61
8.13
16.3

dm 6
0.00377
0.00357
0.00452
0.00199

cm 4
6.29
7.78
13.5
2.85

75.0
90.6
20.8
25.4
31.2

0.842
0.845
0.876
0.875
0.890

13.0
11.2
20.4
17.6
19.6

0.0109
0.0136
0.00253
0.00323
0.00470

8.00
13.1
2.81
4.81
3.56

102
136
190
177
182
248
309
138
157
195
171

28.1
38.0
55.2
77.7
80.2
112
140
29.4
33.7
42.3
41.6

0.873
0.869
0.882
0.837
0.840
0.849
0.848
0.884
0.885
0.886
0.888

26.2
20.4
15.4
21.4
20.7
16.0
13.3
23.9
21.4
17.8
22.6

0.00477
0.00665
0.0102
0.0205
0.0212
0.0308
0.0399
0.00588
0.00680
0.00871
0.00987

1.69
3.76
9.12
4.21
4.63
10.5
19.2
3.15
4.48
8.16
4.41

145
187
222
234
232
258
279
314
333
378
445
497
567
656
799
977
1150
207
259
306
353
393
426
483
510
566
597

27.2
35.3
43.7
49.8
63.4
70.9
76.3
88.2
92.7
140
165
231
264
305
374
456
536
28.6
37.3
46.0
54.8
94.1
100
119
122
141
144

0.867
0.861
0.869
0.888
0.879
0.877
0.880
0.881
0.885
0.875
0.875
0.847
0.848
0.846
0.853
0.850
0.852
0.851
0.856
0.866
0.874
0.880
0.882
0.890
0.888
0.891
0.888

36.3
29.0
25.2
22.5
27.9
25.6
24.5
21.5
21.0
19.3
16.8
17.7
15.8
14.1
11.9
10.2
9.0
44.0
36.4
31.5
27.5
29.6
28.9
24.3
24.5
21.2
21.3

0.00832
0.0110
0.0139
0.0154
0.0261
0.0294
0.0326
0.0374
0.0405
0.0693
0.0838
0.143
0.167
0.197
0.250
0.318
0.387
0.0137
0.0182
0.0230
0.0280
0.0660
0.0737
0.0857
0.0921
0.103
0.111

1.78
3.63
5.68
7.02
4.50
5.96
7.13
10.3
11.6
14.3
22.4
22.2
31.8
47.2
80.2
137
211
2.28
4.15
6.42
9.57
8.55
9.96
15.3
16.5
23.9
25.6

lb/ft
13
13.8
16.3
9

kg/m
19.4
21.0
24.0
13.0

m2
0.599
0.586
0.588
0.537

cm 4
472
456
587
473

cm 4
160
167
200
55.8

cm
4.38
4.18
4.36
5.35

cm
2.55
2.53
2.55
1.84

cm 3
89.4
89.4
110
74.6

cm 3
31.1
32.7
40.1
14.7

cm 3
103
104
129
84.2

cm 3
47.8
50.4
61.5
22.6

16
19
9
12
11

23.8
28.3
14.0
18.0
16.0

0.737
0.746
0.576
0.584
0.638

892
1092
666
841
834

312
380
49.5
60.2
89.8

5.42
5.52
6.11
6.24
6.41

3.21
3.25
1.67
1.67
2.10

140
167
88.8
109
109

49.2
59.4
13.2
16.0
20.2

158
190
102
126
123

9
12
16
15
16
20
25
11
12
15
13

13.4
17.9
23.8
22.3
23.0
30.0
37.0
16.1
18.1
22.2
19.0

0.681
0.690
0.704
0.890
0.889
0.901
0.912
0.682
0.685
0.691
0.738

683
918
1330
1210
1250
1748
2210
1060
1213
1529
1356

91.4
125
183
387
400
560
706
85.4
97.6
122
137

6.29
6.33
6.61
6.51
6.54
6.76
6.85
7.20
7.26
7.36
7.48

2.30
2.33
2.45
3.68
3.70
3.83
3.87
2.04
2.06
2.08
2.37

91.1
120
167
159
164
222
273
123
139
171
153

18.3
24.5
35.7
50.9
52.6
73.3
91.5
19.0
21.7
27.1
27.0

10
13
15
16
15
17
18
20
21
24
28
31
35
40
48
58
67
12
15
17
19
21
22
25
26
29
30

14.9
19.4
22.3
23.1
22.3
25.1
26.8
30.0
31.3
35.7
41.7
46.1
52.0
60.0
71.0
86.1
99.7
17.9
22.0
25.2
28.3
31.1
32.7
37.0
38.7
43.0
44.6

0.779
0.787
0.794
0.790
0.911
0.915
0.922
0.923
0.930
1.03
1.04
1.19
1.20
1.21
1.22
1.24
1.25
0.881
0.890
0.897
0.904
1.06
1.08
1.07
1.08
1.08
1.09

1284
1647
1999
2105
2105
2340
2578
2896
3119
3430
4077
4568
5259
6125
7618
9449
11310
2241
2841
3415
4005
4413
4917
5537
5974
6544
7048

87.3
114
142
164
275
308
331
385
405
757
901
1548
1778
2065
2537
3128
3687
90.8
119
149
179
448
475
571
584
677
692

8.19
8.16
8.36
8.46
8.56
8.56
8.72
8.71
8.87
8.68
8.76
8.82
8.91
8.96
9.18
9.28
9.44
9.91
10.1
10.3
10.5
10.5
10.8
10.8
11.1
10.9
11.1

2.14
2.14
2.23
2.36
3.09
3.10
3.12
3.17
3.20
4.08
4.12
5.13
5.18
5.20
5.30
5.34
5.39
1.99
2.06
2.15
2.22
3.36
3.37
3.48
3.45
3.52
3.49

128
162
194
207
208
230
249
280
297
341
398
450
510
584
706
850
990
179
224
266
308
351
381
433
455
504
530

17.4
22.4
27.8
32.2
41.3
46.2
49.7
57.5
60.4
91.7
109
152
174
201
246
299
351
18.0
23.5
29.2
34.9
61.3
65.0
78.0
79.6
92.0
93.8

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling Torsional Warping Torsional


Parameter Index
Constant Constant

28
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS

Universal Beams and Columns

r
t

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
W10-10x8
(254x203)

W10-10x10
(254x254)

W12-12x4
(305x102)

W12-12x5
(305x127)
W12-12x6 1/2
(305x165)

W12-12x8
(305x203)
W12-12x10
(305x254)
W12-12x12
(305x305)

lb/ft
33
39
42
45
57
49
54
60
68
72
77
88
89
100
112
14
16
16.5
19
22
25
28
32
26
27
30
31
35
36
40
45
50
53
58
65
72
79
87
92
96
106
120
133
136
152
161
170
190
210
230
252
278
279
305
336

kg/m
49.1
58.0
62.5
67.0
84.8
73.1
80.4
88.9
101.2
107.1
114.6
131
132
148.8
167.1
20.8
23.8
24.8
28.2
32.8
37.0
41.9
48.1
38.7
40.3
44.6
46.1
52.1
54.0
59.5
67.0
74.4
78.9
86.3
96.9
107.1
117.9
129.5
136.9
142.8
158.1
178.6
198.1
202.4
226.2
240
253
282.9
312.5
342
375
413.7
415
454
500

Depth Width
Root
Depth
Area
Thickness
Of
Of
Radius Between
Of
Section Section Flange Web
Fillets Section
D

mm
247.1
252.0
249.4
256.5
258.1
254.1
256.3
260.3
264.2
266.7
269.2
275.3
276.3
281.9
289.1
302.5
304.5
305.1
308.7
312.7
304.4
307.2
311.0
310.4
303.4
313.4
306.6
317.5
310.4
303.3
306.3
309.6
306.3
309.6
307.9
311.1
314.5
318.3
320.5
322.8
327.1
333.2
339.9
340.6
348.2
352.5
356.4
365.3
373.6
382.3
391.4
402.6
402.6
414.5
427.2

mm
202.2
202.8
207.0
203.7
211.3
254.6
254.8
256.3
257.3
258.8
258.8
260.7
261.3
262.6
265.2
100.8
101.3
101.6
101.8
102.4
123.3
124.3
125.3
164.8
165.0
165.6
165.7
166.6
166.9
203.3
204.3
205.2
253.9
254.3
305.3
305.8
307.4
308.0
309.2
308.9
311.2
312.9
314.5
315.0
317.0
318.4
319.3
322.2
324.9
327.5
330.3
333.8
333.8
336.2
340.0

mm
11.0
13.4
12.2
15.7
16.5
14.2
15.6
17.3
19.6
20.5
22.1
25.2
25.3
28.5
31.7
5.7
6.7
7.0
8.8
10.8
10.7
12.1
14.0
9.7
10.2
11.1
11.8
13.2
13.7
13.0
14.6
16.2
14.6
16.2
15.4
17.0
18.7
20.6
21.7
22.9
25.0
28.1
31.4
31.8
35.6
37.7
39.6
44.1
48.3
52.6
57.2
62.7
62.7
68.7
75.1

mm
7.4
8.0
12.2
8.9
16.5
8.6
9.4
10.3
11.9
12.8
13.5
15.4
15.3
17.3
19.2
5.1
5.6
5.8
6.0
6.6
7.1
8.0
9.0
5.8
6.0
6.6
6.7
7.6
7.9
7.5
8.5
9.4
8.8
9.1
9.9
10.9
12.0
13.1
13.8
14.0
15.8
18.0
19.1
20.1
22.1
23.0
24.4
26.8
30.0
32.6
35.4
38.9
38.9
41.3
45.1

mm
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
8.9
8.9
8.9
7.6
8.9
7.6
8.9
7.6
8.9
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2

mm
199.7
199.8
199.6
199.7
199.7
200.3
199.7
200.3
199.7
200.3
199.6
199.6
200.3
199.6
200.3
275.8
275.8
275.9
275.9
275.9
265.2
265.2
265.2
275.9
265.2
276.0
265.2
275.9
265.2
246.9
246.7
246.8
246.7
246.8
246.7
246.7
246.7
246.8
246.7
246.7
246.7
246.7
246.7
246.7
246.7
246.7
246.8
246.7
246.7
246.7
246.6
246.7
246.8
246.7
246.6

cm 2
62.5
73.8
79.3
85.4
108
93.1
102
113
129
136
146
167
168
190
213
26.8
30.4
31.6
35.9
41.8
47.2
53.4
61.2
49.3
51.3
56.5
58.7
66.7
68.8
75.6
85.2
94.5
100
110
123
136
150
165
174
182
201
228
252
258
289
306
323
360
399
437
478
529
528
578
638

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange Web
b/T
d/t
9.19
7.57
8.49
6.49
6.40
8.96
8.17
7.41
6.58
6.31
5.86
5.18
5.16
4.62
4.18
8.83
7.53
7.26
5.78
4.74
5.76
5.14
4.48
8.54
8.09
7.46
7.02
6.31
6.09
7.82
7.00
6.33
8.70
7.85
9.91
8.98
8.22
7.49
7.12
6.76
6.22
5.57
5.01
4.96
4.46
4.22
4.03
3.65
3.37
3.11
2.89
2.66
2.66
2.45
2.26

27.1
25.0
16.4
22.5
12.1
23.3
21.2
19.4
16.7
15.6
14.8
13.0
13.1
11.6
10.4
54.3
49.3
47.6
46.0
41.8
37.4
33.2
29.5
47.2
44.2
41.8
39.6
36.2
33.6
33.0
29.0
26.3
28.2
27.0
24.9
22.6
20.6
18.9
17.9
17.7
15.6
13.7
12.9
12.3
11.2
10.7
10.1
9.21
8.23
7.57
6.97
6.35
6.34
5.97
5.47

Dimensions For Detailing

End
Clearance
C

mm
6
6
8
6
10
6
7
7
8
8
9
10
10
11
12
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
7
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
7
6
7
7
7
8
9
9
9
10
11
12
12
13
14
14
15
17
18
20
21
21
23
25

mm
107
107
107
107
107
133
133
133
133
133
133
133
133
133
133
58
58
58
58
58
68
68
68
89
90
90
90
89
90
108
108
108
133
133
158
157
158
157
158
157
158
157
158
157
157
158
157
158
157
157
157
157
157
157
157

mm
24
26
25
28
29
27
28
30
32
33
35
38
38
41
44
13
14
15
16
18
20
21
23
17
19
19
21
21
23
28
30
31
30
31
31
32
34
36
37
38
40
43
47
47
51
53
55
59
63
68
72
78
78
84
90

Notch

29
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS
y

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
W10-10x8
(254x203)

W10-10x10
(254x254)

W12-12x4
(305x102)

W12-12x5
(305x127)
W12-12x6 1/2
(305x165)

W12-12x8
(305x203)
W12-12x10
(305x254)
W12-12x12
(305x305)

lb/ft
33
39
42
45
57
49
54
60
68
72
77
88
89
100
112
14
16
17
19
22
25
28
32
26
27
30
31
35
36
40
45
50
53
58
65
72
79
87
92
96
106
120
133
136
152
161
170
190
210
230
252
278
279
305
336

kg/m
49.1
58.0
62.5
67.0
84.8
73.1
80.4
88.9
101
107
115
131
132
149
167
20.8
23.8
24.8
28.2
32.8
37.0
41.9
48.1
38.7
40.3
44.6
46.1
52.1
54.0
59.5
67.0
74.4
78.9
86.3
96.9
107
118
130
137
143
158
179
198
202
226
240
253
283
313
342
375
414
415
454
500

Surface
Area
per
Metre

m2
1.27
1.28
1.25
1.29
1.31
1.49
1.49
1.50
1.51
1.52
1.52
1.54
1.55
1.56
1.58
0.985
0.990
0.992
1.00
1.01
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.26
1.24
1.26
1.25
1.27
1.26
1.38
1.39
1.40
1.58
1.59
1.79
1.80
1.81
1.82
1.82
1.83
1.84
1.86
1.87
1.87
1.89
1.91
1.92
1.94
1.96
1.98
2.01
2.04
2.04
2.07
2.10

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

cm 4
7071
8672
8430
10300
11930
11410
12590
14270
16390
17510
18950
22210
22530
25900
30000
3682
4274
4455
5366
6501
7166
8196
9575
8498
8503
9864
9899
11860
11700
12840
14570
16350
17700
19740
22250
24830
27670
30810
32820
34670
38750
44560
50900
51790
59610
64200
68490
78870
89270
100600
113200
129600
129500
147600
169000

cm 4
1517
1865
1807
2214
2606
3908
4304
4858
5558
5928
6391
7436
7531
8598
9870
97.9
117
123
155
194
335
389
461
720
764
841
896
1019
1063
1823
2078
2337
3986
4444
7308
8117
9060
10030
10700
11240
12570
14350
16300
16560
18910
20320
21540
24640
27660
30880
34470
39040
39010
43690
49420

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm
10.6
10.8
10.3
11.0
10.5
11.1
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.9
11.7
11.9
11.9
12.2
12.5
12.3
12.4
12.5
13.1
12.9
13.2
13.0
13.3
13.0
13.0
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.4
13.5
13.6
13.7
13.7
13.8
13.9
14.0
14.2
14.2
14.4
14.5
14.6
14.8
15.0
15.2
15.4
15.7
15.7
16.0
16.3

cm 3
572
688
676
803
925
898
983
1096
1241
1313
1408
1613
1631
1838
2075
243
281
292
348
416
471
534
616
548
560
629
646
747
754
847
952
1056
1156
1275
1445
1596
1760
1936
2048
2148
2369
2675
2995
3041
3424
3643
3844
4318
4779
5261
5783
6437
6435
7122
7913

cm 3
150
184
175
217
247
307
338
379
432
458
494
570
576
655
744
19.4
23.1
24.2
30.5
37.9
54.4
62.6
73.6
87.4
92.7
102
108
122
127
179
203
228
314
349
479
531
589
651
692
728
808
917
1037
1052
1193
1276
1349
1529
1702
1886
2087
2339
2338
2599
2907

cm 3
634
765
768
898
1067
992
1091
1224
1398
1484
1599
1850
1869
2127
2424
286
329
342
403
481
539
614
711
609
623
703
720
838
846
938
1060
1183
1276
1411
1592
1767
1958
2164
2297
2413
2680
3053
3440
3501
3975
4247
4502
5105
5703
6332
7020
7890
7888
8807
9882

cm 3
229
280
271
331
385
465
512
575
657
697
752
869
878
999
1137
31.1
37.0
38.8
48.5
60.0
85.3
98.4
116
134
142
156
166
188
196
274
311
349
477
531
726
806
895
990
1053
1106
1230
1399
1581
1606
1823
1951
2064
2342
2613
2898
3211
3604
3602
4006
4487

cm
4.93
5.03
4.77
5.09
4.91
6.48
6.49
6.55
6.57
6.59
6.61
6.67
6.69
6.73
6.81
1.91
1.96
1.97
2.08
2.15
2.67
2.70
2.74
3.82
3.86
3.86
3.90
3.91
3.93
4.91
4.94
4.97
6.30
6.36
7.69
7.72
7.77
7.80
7.83
7.86
7.90
7.94
8.04
8.02
8.09
8.15
8.17
8.27
8.33
8.41
8.49
8.59
8.59
8.69
8.80

Elastic
Modulus

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Plastic
Modulus

Buckling Torsional Warping Torsional


Constant Constant
Parameter Index

u
0.873
0.878
0.851
0.880
0.849
0.849
0.849
0.850
0.849
0.848
0.849
0.850
0.850
0.851
0.851
0.842
0.846
0.846
0.859
0.866
0.872
0.872
0.873
0.887
0.889
0.887
0.891
0.889
0.889
0.890
0.889
0.889
0.876
0.878
0.850
0.850
0.850
0.851
0.851
0.853
0.851
0.851
0.853
0.852
0.853
0.854
0.854
0.855
0.855
0.856
0.856
0.857
0.857
0.860
0.861

21.5
18.3
17.9
15.9
13.6
17.3
15.8
14.5
12.9
12.4
11.6
10.3
10.3
9.3
8.5
50.8
45.0
43.4
37.4
31.6
29.7
26.5
23.3
33.8
31.0
29.7
27.1
25.3
23.6
22.9
20.6
18.8
20.4
18.7
19.3
17.6
16.2
14.9
14.2
13.6
12.5
11.2
10.2
10.1
9.2
8.7
8.4
7.7
7.1
6.6
6.2
5.7
5.7
5.4
5.0

dm 6
0.211
0.265
0.254
0.321
0.380
0.562
0.623
0.717
0.832
0.898
0.976
1.16
1.19
1.38
1.63
0.0216
0.0260
0.0273
0.0349
0.0442
0.0723
0.0847
0.102
0.163
0.164
0.192
0.195
0.236
0.234
0.384
0.442
0.503
0.848
0.956
1.56
1.75
1.98
2.22
2.39
2.53
2.87
3.34
3.88
3.95
4.62
5.03
5.40
6.35
7.32
8.39
9.62
11.3
11.3
13.1
15.3

cm 4
24.0
40.2
44.5
62.3
109
57.6
75.6
102
148
172
213
314
319
452
626
2.93
4.27
4.77
7.40
12.2
14.8
21.1
31.8
12.5
14.7
18.7
22.2
30.8
34.8
39.1
54.6
73.5
65.6
86.5
91.2
122
161
212
249
285
378
537
734
771
1074
1271
1480
2034
2693
3490
4495
5953
5946
7719
10110

30
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS

Universal Beams and Columns

r
t

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
W14-14x5
(356x127)
W14-14x6 3/4
(356x171)

W14-14x8
(356x203)
W14-14x10
(356x254)

W14-14x14 1/2
(356x368)

W14-14x16
(356x406)

W16-16x5 1/2
(406x140)
W16-16x7
(406x178)

lb/ft
22
26
30
34
38
45
43
48
53
61
68
74
82
87
90
99
103
109
119
120
132
136
118
145
158
159
176
193
211
219
228
233
257
264
283
311
314
342
370
398
426
455
500
550
605
665
730
26
31
36
40
45
50
57

kg/m
33.1
39.1
45.0
51.0
57.0
67.1
64.0
71.4
78.9
90.8
101.2
110.1
122
129
133.9
147.3
152.9
162.2
177
178.6
196.4
201.9
175.6
215.8
235.1
236.6
261.9
287.1
314
326
339.9
346.7
382.5
393
421.1
462.8
467
509
551
592.3
633.9
677.1
744.1
818.5
900.3
989.6
1086
39.0
46.0
54.1
60.1
67.1
74.2
84.8

Depth Width
Root
Depth
Area
Thickness
Of
Of
Radius Between
Of
Section Section Flange Web
Fillets Section
D

mm
349.0
353.4
351.4
355.0
358.0
363.4
347.0
350.3
353.6
352.8
356.6
359.9
363.5
355.6
356.1
359.7
362.0
363.7
368.2
367.8
372.4
374.6
360.0
375.4
381.0
380.5
386.6
393.6
399.3
403.1
406.4
407.4
416.1
419.0
425.2
434.8
436.6
445.5
455.6
464.6
474.6
483.1
497.8
514.1
531.4
549.7
569.5
398.0
403.2
402.6
406.4
409.4
412.8
417.3

mm
125.4
126.0
171.1
171.5
172.2
173.2
203.1
204.0
204.7
253.9
254.8
255.8
257.3
368.6
368.8
370.0
370.5
371.0
372.6
372.6
374.0
374.7
396.0
393.7
394.8
395.4
397.5
399.0
401.3
402.0
403.0
403.6
406.3
407.0
409.2
412.2
412.2
415.5
418.5
421.4
424.0
427.6
432.1
436.9
442.3
448.3
454.4
141.8
142.2
177.7
177.9
178.8
179.5
180.8

mm
8.5
10.7
9.7
11.5
13.0
15.7
13.4
15.1
16.7
16.3
18.3
19.9
21.7
17.5
18.0
19.8
20.7
21.8
23.8
23.9
26.2
27.0
20.0
27.7
30.2
30.2
33.3
36.5
39.6
41.2
42.9
43.7
48.0
49.2
52.6
57.4
58.0
62.7
67.5
72.3
77.0
81.5
88.9
97.0
105.6
114.8
124.7
8.6
11.2
10.9
12.8
14.3
16.0
18.2

mm
6.0
6.6
7.0
7.4
8.1
9.1
7.8
8.6
9.4
9.5
10.5
11.4
12.9
10.4
11.2
12.3
12.3
13.3
14.4
15.0
16.4
16.5
20.0
17.3
18.4
18.9
21.1
22.6
24.9
25.5
26.6
27.2
29.8
30.6
32.8
35.8
35.8
39.1
42.1
45.0
47.6
51.2
55.6
60.5
65.9
71.9
78.0
6.4
6.8
7.7
7.9
8.8
9.5
10.9

mm
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.0
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2

mm
311.6
311.6
311.6
311.6
311.6
311.6
289.8
289.7
289.8
289.8
289.6
289.6
289.7
290.2
289.6
289.7
290.2
289.6
290.2
289.6
289.7
290.2
290.0
289.6
290.2
289.6
289.7
290.2
289.7
290.3
290.2
289.6
289.7
290.2
289.6
289.6
290.2
289.6
290.2
289.7
290.2
289.6
289.6
289.6
289.8
289.7
289.7
360.4
360.4
360.4
360.4
360.4
360.4
360.6

cm 2
42.1
49.8
57.3
64.9
72.6
85.5
81.2
91.2
100
115
129
141
155
164
171
188
195
207
226
228
250
257
224
275
299
302
334
366
400
415
433
442
488
501
537
590
595
649
702
755
808
863
948
1043
1147
1261
1385
49.7
58.6
69.0
76.5
85.5
94.5
108

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange Web
b/T
d/t
7.38
5.89
8.82
7.46
6.62
5.52
7.58
6.75
6.13
7.79
6.97
6.41
5.92
10.5
10.2
9.34
8.95
8.49
7.83
7.80
7.15
6.94
9.90
7.11
6.54
6.54
5.97
5.47
5.06
4.88
4.70
4.62
4.23
4.14
3.89
3.59
3.55
3.31
3.10
2.92
2.75
2.62
2.43
2.25
2.09
1.95
1.82
8.24
6.35
8.15
6.95
6.25
5.61
4.98

51.9
47.2
44.5
42.1
38.5
34.2
37.4
33.5
30.8
30.4
27.5
25.3
22.5
27.9
25.9
23.5
23.6
21.7
20.2
19.3
17.7
17.6
14.5
16.8
15.8
15.3
13.7
12.8
11.6
11.4
10.9
10.7
9.71
9.48
8.84
8.09
8.11
7.40
6.89
6.44
6.10
5.66
5.21
4.79
4.40
4.03
3.72
56.3
53.0
46.8
45.6
41.0
37.9
33.0

Dimensions For Detailing

End
Clearance
C

mm
5
5
6
6
6
7
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
7
8
8
8
9
9
9
10
10
12
11
11
11
13
13
14
15
15
16
17
17
18
20
20
22
23
24
26
28
30
32
35
38
41
5
5
6
6
6
7
7

mm
70
70
92
92
92
92
108
108
108
132
132
132
132
189
189
189
189
189
189
189
189
189
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
198
78
78
95
95
95
95
95

mm
19
21
20
22
23
26
29
30
32
32
33
35
37
33
33
35
36
37
39
39
41
42
35
43
45
45
48
52
55
56
58
59
63
64
68
73
73
78
83
87
92
97
104
112
121
130
140
19
21
21
23
25
26
28

Notch

31
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS
y

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
W14-14x5
(356x127)
W14-14x6 3/4
(356x171)

lb/ft
22
26
30
34
38
45
W14-14x8
43
(356x203)
48
53
W14-14x10
61
(356x254)
68
74
82
W14-14x14 1/2 87
(356x368)
90
99
103
109
119
120
132
136
W14-14x16
118
(356x406)
145
158
159
176
193
211
219
228
233
257
264
283
311
314
342
370
398
426
455
500
550
605
665
730
W16-16x5 1/2 26
(406x140)
31
W16-16x7
36
(406x178)
40
45
50
57

kg/m
33.1
39.1
45.0
51.0
57.0
67.1
64.0
71.4
78.9
90.8
101
110
122
129
134
147
153
162
177
179
196
202
176
216
235
237
262
287
314
326
340
347
383
393
421
463
467
509
551
592
634
677
744
819
900
990
1086
39.0
46.0
54.1
60.1
67.1
74.2
84.8

Surface
Area
per
Metre

m2
1.17
1.18
1.36
1.36
1.37
1.38
1.46
1.47
1.48
1.68
1.69
1.69
1.70
2.14
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.16
2.17
2.17
2.18
2.19
2.24
2.26
2.28
2.28
2.29
2.31
2.33
2.34
2.35
2.35
2.37
2.38
2.40
2.42
2.42
2.45
2.47
2.50
2.52
2.55
2.59
2.63
2.67
2.72
2.77
1.33
1.34
1.48
1.49
1.50
1.51
1.52

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

cm 4
8250
10170
12070
14140
16040
19460
17760
20170
22480
26540
30060
33120
36680
40250
41580
46240
48590
51540
57120
57290
63720
66260
51770
71240
79090
79160
89040
99880
110500
116400
122500
125100
141500
146600
159800
180100
183000
203800
226900
249800
274800
299400
341900
392400
450600
518100
597000
12510
15690
18720
21600
24330
27310
31520

cm 4
280
358
811
968
1108
1362
1874
2140
2391
4451
5048
5569
6175
14610
15080
16730
17550
18600
20530
20600
22820
23690
20730
28180
30990
31170
34860
38680
42720
44660
46850
47930
53750
55370
60150
67130
67830
75180
82670
90380
98130
106600
120000
135500
153100
173400
196300
410
538
1021
1203
1365
1546
1794

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x y-y

cm
14.0
14.3
14.5
14.8
14.9
15.1
14.8
14.9
15.0
15.2
15.3
15.3
15.4
15.6
15.6
15.7
15.8
15.8
15.9
15.9
16.0
16.1
15.2
16.1
16.3
16.2
16.3
16.5
16.6
16.7
16.8
16.8
17.0
17.1
17.2
17.5
17.5
17.7
18.0
18.2
18.4
18.6
19.0
19.4
19.8
20.3
20.8
15.9
16.4
16.5
16.8
16.9
17.0
17.1

cm
2.58
2.68
3.76
3.86
3.91
3.99
4.80
4.84
4.88
6.21
6.26
6.29
6.31
9.43
9.40
9.43
9.49
9.49
9.54
9.51
9.55
9.60
9.61
10.1
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.3
10.3
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.5
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.7
10.8
10.9
10.9
11.0
11.1
11.3
11.4
11.6
11.7
11.9
2.87
3.03
3.85
3.97
3.99
4.04
4.07

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm 3
473
576
687
796
896
1071
1024
1151
1271
1505
1686
1840
2018
2264
2335
2571
2685
2834
3103
3115
3422
3538
2876
3796
4151
4161
4606
5075
5537
5777
6031
6141
6803
6998
7516
8283
8383
9151
9962
10750
11580
12400
13740
15260
16960
18850
20970
629
778
930
1063
1189
1323
1511

cm 3
44.7
56.8
94.8
113
129
157
185
210
234
351
396
435
480
793
818
904
948
1003
1102
1106
1221
1264
1047
1432
1570
1577
1754
1939
2129
2222
2325
2375
2646
2721
2940
3257
3291
3619
3951
4289
4629
4987
5555
6202
6922
7736
8640
57.8
75.7
115
135
153
172
198

cm 3
543
659
775
896
1010
1211
1138
1285
1424
1668
1878
2058
2270
2479
2565
2838
2965
3142
3455
3475
3838
3972
3235
4264
4687
4702
5244
5812
6387
6681
6999
7140
7975
8222
8887
9877
10000
11010
12080
13130
14240
15340
17160
19260
21610
24250
27230
724
888
1055
1199
1346
1501
1724

cm 3
70.3
89.1
147
174
199
243
283
322
359
534
604
665
734
1199
1238
1370
1435
1519
1671
1678
1853
1920
1603
2172
2383
2394
2667
2949
3243
3384
3544
3621
4038
4154
4492
4983
5034
5543
6058
6583
7108
7669
8553
9560
10680
11960
13370
90.8
118
178
209
237
267
309

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling Torsional Warping Torsional


Constant Constant
Parameter Index

u
0.863
0.871
0.874
0.881
0.882
0.886
0.891
0.891
0.892
0.886
0.886
0.886
0.884
0.844
0.842
0.842
0.844
0.843
0.844
0.842
0.843
0.844
0.810
0.832
0.834
0.833
0.833
0.835
0.834
0.836
0.836
0.836
0.837
0.837
0.837
0.838
0.839
0.840
0.841
0.842
0.843
0.843
0.844
0.846
0.848
0.849
0.851
0.858
0.871
0.871
0.880
0.880
0.882
0.881

42.2
35.2
36.8
32.1
28.8
24.4
25.9
23.3
21.3
21.5
19.4
18.0
16.6
19.9
19.2
17.7
17.0
16.2
15.0
14.9
13.7
13.4
16.1
13.0
12.1
12.0
11.0
10.2
9.5
9.2
8.8
8.7
8.0
7.9
7.4
6.9
6.9
6.4
6.1
5.7
5.5
5.2
4.9
4.6
4.3
4.0
3.8
47.5
38.9
38.3
33.8
30.5
27.6
24.5

dm 6
0.0813
0.105
0.237
0.286
0.330
0.412
0.521
0.601
0.679
1.26
1.44
1.61
1.80
4.18
4.31
4.83
5.11
5.43
6.09
6.09
6.84
7.16
5.99
8.52
9.54
9.56
10.9
12.3
13.8
14.6
15.5
15.9
18.2
18.9
20.9
23.9
24.3
27.5
31.1
34.8
38.8
43.0
50.2
58.9
69.4
82.0
97.1
0.155
0.207
0.392
0.466
0.533
0.608
0.714

cm 4
8.79
15.1
15.8
23.8
33.4
55.7
43.2
60.4
80.1
90.3
126
161
211
153
169
223
251
296
381
390
511
558
322
632
812
822
1101
1441
1854
2073
2343
2478
3292
3545
4336
5655
5809
7401
9240
11350
13720
16460
21390
27870
36130
46760
60230
10.7
19.0
23.1
33.3
46.1
62.8
92.2

32
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS

Universal Beams and Columns

r
t

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
W16-16x10 1/4
(406x260)

W18-18x6
(457x152)

W18-18x7 1/2
(457x191)

W18-18x11
(457x279)

W21-21x6 1/2
(533x165)
W21-21x8 1/4
(533x210)

W21-21x12 1/4
(533x312)

W24-24x7
(610x178)

lb/ft
67
77
89
100
35
40
45
46
50
55
45
50
55
60
65
66
71
76
86
97
106
119
130
143
44
50
57
55
62
68
73
82
83
93
101
111
122
132
147
166
182
201
223
248
275
55
61
62

kg/m
99.7
114.6
132.4
148.8
52.3
59.8
67.2
68.5
74.2
82.1
67.1
74.3
82.0
89.3
96.7
98.3
105.7
113.1
128
144.4
157.7
177.1
193.5
212.8
65.5
74.4
84.8
82.2
92.1
101
109
122
123.5
138.4
150.3
165.2
181.6
196.4
218.8
247
270.8
300
331
370
409
81.9
91.0
92.3

Depth Width
Root
Depth
Area
Thickness
Of
Of
Radius Between
Of
Section Section Flange Web
Fillets Section
D

mm
414.8
419.6
425.4
431.0
449.8
454.6
458.0
458.7
462.0
465.8
453.4
457.0
460.0
463.4
466.1
467.2
469.1
462.5
467.1
472.2
475.7
481.8
489.0
495.0
524.8
529.1
534.9
528.3
533.1
536.7
539.5
544.5
544.3
549.1
542.5
546.4
550.7
554.5
560.3
571.0
577.1
585.0
593.0
603.0
613.0
598.7
602.5
603.0

mm
260.0
261.5
263.3
264.8
152.4
152.9
153.8
153.9
154.4
155.3
189.9
190.4
191.3
191.9
192.8
192.8
193.9
280.3
281.7
283.1
284.5
286.1
283.5
285.0
165.1
165.9
166.5
208.8
209.3
210.0
210.8
211.9
212.2
213.9
312.2
313.4
314.7
316.0
317.8
315.5
317.8
319.0
322.0
324.0
327.0
177.9
178.4
178.8

mm
16.9
19.3
22.2
25.0
10.9
13.3
15.0
15.3
17.0
18.9
12.7
14.5
16.0
17.7
19.1
19.6
20.6
17.3
19.6
22.1
23.9
26.9
30.5
33.5
11.4
13.5
16.5
13.2
15.6
17.4
18.8
21.3
21.2
23.6
20.3
22.2
24.4
26.3
29.2
34.5
37.6
41.4
45.5
50.5
55.6
12.8
15.0
15.0

mm
10.0
11.6
13.3
14.9
7.6
8.1
9.0
9.1
9.6
10.5
8.5
9.0
9.9
10.5
11.4
11.4
12.6
10.8
12.1
13.6
15.0
16.6
17.0
18.5
8.9
9.7
10.3
9.6
10.1
10.8
11.6
12.7
13.1
14.7
12.7
14.0
15.2
16.5
18.3
19.1
21.1
23.1
25.4
26.2
31.0
10.0
10.6
10.9

mm
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7

mm
360.6
360.6
360.6
360.6
407.6
407.6
407.6
407.7
407.6
407.6
407.6
407.6
407.6
407.6
407.6
407.6
407.6
407.6
407.6
407.6
407.5
407.6
407.6
407.5
476.6
476.7
476.5
476.5
476.5
476.5
476.5
476.5
476.5
476.5
476.5
476.6
476.5
476.5
476.5
476.5
476.5
476.8
476.6
476.6
476.4
547.6
547.1
547.6

cm 2
127
146
169
190
66.6
76.2
85.6
87.1
94.5
105
85.5
94.6
104
114
123
125
134
144
163
184
201
226
247
271
84
95
108
105
117
129
139
155
157
176
192
211
231
250
279
315
346
382
422
460
521
105
116
118

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange Web
b/T
d/t
7.70
6.77
5.92
5.29
6.99
5.75
5.13
5.03
4.54
4.11
7.48
6.57
5.98
5.42
5.06
4.92
4.71
8.12
7.20
6.40
5.96
5.31
4.65
4.25
7.24
6.14
5.04
7.91
6.71
6.03
5.61
4.97
5.00
4.53
7.68
7.05
6.45
6.01
5.44
4.57
4.23
3.85
3.54
3.21
2.94
6.93
5.95
5.96

36.0
31.2
27.0
24.3
53.6
50.3
45.3
44.6
42.5
38.8
48.0
45.3
41.2
38.8
35.7
35.8
32.4
37.7
33.7
30.0
27.2
24.5
24.0
22.0
53.6
49.4
46.3
49.6
47.2
44.1
41.1
37.5
36.4
32.3
37.5
34.1
31.3
28.9
26.1
25.0
22.6
20.6
18.8
18.2
15.4
54.6
51.6
50.1

Dimensions For Detailing

End
Clearance
C

mm
7
8
9
9
6
6
7
7
7
7
6
7
7
7
8
8
8
7
8
9
9
10
11
11
6
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
9
9
8
9
10
10
11
12
13
14
15
15
18
7
7
7

mm
135
135
135
135
82
82
82
82
82
82
101
101
101
101
101
101
101
145
145
145
145
145
143
143
88
88
88
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
160
160
160
160
160
158
158
158
158
159
158
94
94
94

mm
27
30
32
35
21
24
25
26
27
29
23
25
26
28
29
30
31
27
30
32
34
37
41
44
24
26
29
26
28
30
32
34
34
36
33
35
37
39
42
47
50
54
58
63
68
26
28
28

Notch

33
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS
y

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
lb/ft kg/m
W16-16x10 1/4 67 99.7
(406x260)
77 115
89 132
100 149
W18-18x6
35 52.3
(457x152)
40 59.8
45 67.2
46 68.5
50 74.2
55 82.1
W18-18x7 1/2
45 67.1
(457x191)
50 74.3
55 82.0
60 89.3
65 96.7
66 98.3
71 106
W18-18x11
76 113
(457x279)
86 128
97 144
106 158
119 177
130 194
143 213
W21-21x6 1/2 44 65.5
(533x165)
50 74.4
57 84.8
W21-21x8 1/4
55 82.2
(533x210)
62 92.1
68 101
73 109
82 122
83 124
93 138
W21-21x12 1/4 101 150
(533x312)
111 165
122 182
132 196
147 219
166 247
182 271
201 300
223 331
248 370
275 409
W24-24x7
55 81.9
(610x178)
61 91.0
62 92.3

Surface
Area
per
Metre

m2
1.83
1.84
1.86
1.87
1.48
1.49
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.51
1.63
1.64
1.65
1.66
1.66
1.67
1.67
2.01
2.02
2.03
2.04
2.06
2.06
2.08
1.67
1.68
1.69
1.85
1.86
1.87
1.88
1.89
1.89
1.90
2.29
2.30
2.31
2.32
2.33
2.34
2.36
2.38
2.40
2.43
2.45
1.87
1.88
1.88

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

cm 4
39730
46110
54060
61830
21370
25500
28930
29530
32670
36590
29380
33320
37050
41020
44590
45730
48760
55460
63520
72710
79600
91040
102500
114400
35030
40810
48640
47540
55230
61520
66820
76040
76240
86170
100800
111300
123300
134200
151200
178000
197200
220700
247700
278900
316900
56020
63880
64580

cm 4
4951
5758
6768
7754
645
795
913
933
1047
1185
1452
1671
1871
2089
2281
2347
2507
6344
7295
8367
9178
10530
11590
12960
859
1032
1276
2008
2389
2692
2943
3388
3389
3868
10320
11410
12680
13850
15650
18110
20150
22450
25390
28710
32530
1210
1426
1436

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x y-y

cm
17.7
17.8
17.9
18.0
17.9
18.3
18.4
18.4
18.6
18.7
18.5
18.8
18.8
19.0
19.0
19.1
19.0
19.6
19.7
19.9
19.9
20.1
20.4
20.5
20.5
20.8
21.2
21.3
21.7
21.9
21.9
22.1
22.0
22.1
22.9
23.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
23.8
23.9
24.1
24.2
24.6
24.7
23.2
23.5
23.4

cm
6.25
6.28
6.33
6.39
3.11
3.23
3.27
3.27
3.33
3.37
4.12
4.20
4.23
4.29
4.30
4.33
4.32
6.64
6.69
6.74
6.76
6.82
6.86
6.91
3.20
3.30
3.44
4.38
4.51
4.57
4.60
4.67
4.65
4.68
7.33
7.36
7.40
7.44
7.49
7.58
7.63
7.67
7.76
7.90
7.91
3.40
3.51
3.49

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm 3
1915
2198
2541
2869
950
1122
1263
1288
1414
1571
1296
1458
1611
1770
1913
1957
2079
2398
2720
3079
3347
3779
4192
4624
1335
1543
1819
1800
2072
2292
2477
2793
2801
3139
3715
4074
4476
4842
5396
6233
6834
7547
8355
9250
10340
1871
2120
2142

cm 3
381
440
514
586
84.7
104
119
121
136
153
153
176
196
218
237
243
259
453
518
591
645
736
818
910
104
124
153
192
228
256
279
320
319
362
661
728
806
876
985
1148
1268
1408
1577
1772
1990
136
160
161

cm 3
2128
2457
2859
3246
1096
1287
1453
1482
1627
1811
1471
1653
1831
2014
2184
2232
2383
2669
3039
3457
3775
4284
4761
5278
1561
1797
2107
2059
2360
2612
2828
3196
3212
3617
4147
4565
5032
5462
6116
7080
7807
8670
9656
10730
12120
2200
2480
2512

cm 3
581
673
788
899
133
163
187
191
213
240
237
272
304
338
369
379
404
692
792
906
991
1132
1257
1400
166
199
243
300
356
399
436
500
500
569
1012
1117
1238
1348
1519
1766
1956
2175
2442
2739
3096
219
256
258

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling Torsional Warping Torsional


Constant Constant
Parameter Index

u
0.888
0.887
0.887
0.887
0.859
0.868
0.869
0.869
0.873
0.873
0.872
0.877
0.877
0.880
0.879
0.881
0.877
0.885
0.886
0.886
0.884
0.885
0.891
0.891
0.847
0.853
0.862
0.864
0.872
0.874
0.875
0.877
0.874
0.873
0.885
0.885
0.885
0.884
0.884
0.891
0.890
0.890
0.890
0.894
0.890
0.843
0.850
0.848

25.4
22.4
19.7
17.7
43.9
37.5
33.6
33.0
30.1
27.4
37.9
33.9
30.9
28.3
26.3
25.7
24.4
27.9
24.8
22.1
20.5
18.4
16.6
15.2
47.0
41.4
35.5
41.6
36.5
33.2
30.9
27.6
27.6
24.9
27.8
25.6
23.4
21.8
19.8
17.2
15.9
14.6
13.4
12.3
11.2
48.3
43.2
42.8

dm 6
1.96
2.31
2.75
3.20
0.311
0.387
0.448
0.458
0.518
0.591
0.705
0.818
0.922
1.04
1.14
1.18
1.26
3.14
3.65
4.24
4.68
5.44
6.09
6.90
0.566
0.686
0.857
1.33
1.60
1.82
1.99
2.32
2.32
2.67
7.03
7.84
8.78
9.66
11.0
13.0
14.7
16.6
19.0
21.9
25.3
1.04
1.23
1.24

cm 4
99.4
149
227
322
21.4
33.8
47.7
50.4
65.9
89.2
37.1
51.8
69.2
90.7
114
121
145
118
170
244
311
442
603
800
31.9
47.1
73.8
51.5
75.7
101
126
178
181
251
217
284
373
469
643
983
1278
1700
2263
2996
4131
49.2
68.6
71.0

34
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS

Universal Beams and Columns

r
t

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
W24-24x9
(610x229)

W24-24x12
(610x305)
W24-24x12 3/4
(610x324)

W27-27x10
(686x254)

W27-27x14
(686x356)

lb/ft
68
76
84
94
103
114
128
146
163
181
198
218
239
100
120
160
104
117
131
146
162
176
192
207
229
250
279
306
84
94
102
114
129
143
159
182
201
221
247
271
302
146
161
178
194
217
235
258
281
307
336

kg/m
101.2
113
125.1
139.9
153
171
191
217
243
270
295
325
356
149.1
179
238.1
154.8
174.1
194.9
217.3
241.1
261.9
285.7
308
341
372
415
455
125.2
140.1
152.4
170.2
192
213
237
271
299
329
368
404
449
217.3
239.6
264.9
288.7
322.9
349.7
383.9
418.2
456.9
500

Depth Width
Root
Depth
Area
Thickness
Of
Of
Radius Between
Of
Section Section Flange Web
Fillets Section
D

mm
602.6
607.6
612.2
617.2
623.1
628.9
635.0
643.1
651.0
658.6
667.0
675.1
685.0
612.4
620.2
635.8
611.1
616.2
621.8
628.4
635.0
641.1
646.9
653.0
661.0
669.0
679.0
689.0
677.9
683.5
687.5
692.9
701.8
707.9
714.0
723.9
732.0
739.9
749.8
760.0
771.9
695.5
700.8
706.4
714.0
722.1
728.0
736.1
744.0
752.1
762.0

mm
227.6
228.2
229.0
230.2
228.6
229.9
231.5
234.1
235.9
238.5
240.5
243.1
245.6
304.8
307.1
311.4
323.8
325.1
326.5
327.7
329.1
327.4
328.9
330.5
333.0
335.0
338.0
340.0
253.0
253.7
254.5
255.8
254.3
255.8
257.8
260.2
262.8
264.8
267.7
270.3
273.8
354.7
356.1
357.8
356.4
358.5
360.4
362.5
364.5
366.9
369.0

mm
14.8
17.3
19.3
22.1
24.9
27.9
30.9
35.1
39.1
42.9
47.0
51.0
55.9
19.7
23.6
31.4
19.1
21.6
24.4
27.7
31.0
34.0
37.1
39.9
43.9
48.0
53.1
57.9
16.2
19.0
21.0
23.7
27.9
31.0
34.0
39.1
42.9
47.0
52.1
56.9
63.0
24.8
27.4
30.2
34.0
38.1
40.9
45.0
49.0
53.1
57.9

mm
10.5
11.1
11.9
13.1
14.0
15.5
17.0
19.6
21.6
23.9
25.9
28.4
31.0
11.8
14.1
18.4
12.7
14.0
15.4
16.5
17.9
19.1
20.6
22.1
24.4
26.4
29.5
32.0
11.7
12.4
13.2
14.5
15.5
17.0
19.1
21.6
23.9
25.9
28.9
31.5
35.1
15.4
16.8
18.4
19.1
21.1
23.1
24.9
26.9
29.5
32.0

mm
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
16.5
16.5
16.5
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2

mm
547.6
547.6
548.2
547.6
547.9
547.7
547.8
547.5
547.4
547.4
547.6
547.7
547.8
540.0
540.0
540.0
547.6
547.6
547.6
547.6
547.6
547.6
547.3
547.8
540.2
540.0
539.8
540.2
615.1
615.1
615.1
615.1
615.6
615.5
615.6
615.3
615.8
615.5
615.2
615.8
615.5
615.6
615.5
615.5
615.5
615.5
615.8
615.8
615.6
615.5
615.8

cm 2
129
144
158
178
195
218
242
278
310
343
376
412
454
190
228
303
198
222
249
277
308
333
363
392
435
475
530
579
159
178
194
217
244
270
301
345
382
418
468
513
574
277
306
337
368
411
446
489
533
582
636

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange Web
b/T
d/t
7.69
6.60
5.93
5.21
4.59
4.12
3.75
3.33
3.02
2.78
2.56
2.38
2.20
7.74
6.51
4.96
8.50
7.53
6.70
5.92
5.31
4.81
4.44
4.14
3.79
3.49
3.18
2.94
7.81
6.68
6.06
5.40
4.56
4.13
3.79
3.33
3.06
2.82
2.57
2.38
2.17
7.16
6.49
5.92
5.24
4.70
4.41
4.03
3.72
3.46
3.19

52.2
49.3
46.1
41.8
39.1
35.3
32.2
27.9
25.3
22.9
21.1
19.3
17.7
45.8
38.3
29.3
43.1
39.2
35.6
33.2
30.6
28.7
26.6
24.8
22.1
20.5
18.3
16.9
52.6
49.6
46.6
42.4
39.7
36.2
32.2
28.5
25.8
23.8
21.3
19.5
17.5
40.1
36.7
33.4
32.3
29.2
26.6
24.7
22.9
20.9
19.2

Dimensions For Detailing

End
Clearance
C

mm
7
8
8
9
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
18
8
9
11
8
9
10
10
11
12
12
13
14
15
17
18
8
8
9
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
18
20
10
10
11
12
13
14
14
15
17
18

mm
119
119
119
119
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
157
157
157
166
166
166
166
166
164
164
164
164
164
164
164
131
131
131
131
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
180
180
180
179
179
179
179
179
179
179

mm
28
30
32
35
38
41
44
48
52
56
60
64
69
36
40
48
32
34
37
40
44
47
50
53
60
65
70
74
31
34
36
39
43
46
49
54
58
62
67
72
78
40
43
45
49
53
56
60
64
68
73

Notch

35
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS
y

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
W24-24x9
(610x229)

lb/ft kg/m
68 101
76 113
84 125
94 140
103 153
114 171
128 191
146 217
163 243
181 270
198 295
218 325
239 356
W24-24x12
100 149
(610x305)
120 179
160 238
W24-24x12 3/4 104 155
(610x324)
117 174
131 195
146 217
162 241
176 262
192 286
207 308
229 341
250 372
279 415
306 455
W27-27x10
84 125
(686x254)
94 140
102 152
114 170
129 192
143 213
159 237
182 271
201 299
221 329
247 368
271 404
302 449
W27-27x14
146 217
(686x356)
161 240
178 265
194 289
217 323
235 350
258 384
281 418
307 457
336 500

Surface
Area
per
Metre

m2
2.07
2.08
2.09
2.11
2.11
2.12
2.14
2.16
2.18
2.20
2.22
2.24
2.27
2.39
2.41
2.45
2.47
2.48
2.50
2.51
2.53
2.53
2.55
2.56
2.58
2.60
2.62
2.65
2.32
2.33
2.34
2.35
2.36
2.38
2.39
2.42
2.44
2.46
2.49
2.51
2.54
2.75
2.77
2.78
2.79
2.81
2.83
2.85
2.87
2.89
2.91

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

cm 4
75780
87320
97540
111800
125000
141400
158400
183900
207900
232800
259400
287700
322200
125900
153000
209500
129200
147200
167300
190800
215400
236600
260400
283900
319000
353900
400500
445200
118000
136300
150400
170300
198000
222000
247800
289300
323800
359400
406900
453800
515400
234200
261200
290800
325500
369200
402300
447800
494700
545000
604800

cm 4
2915
3434
3872
4505
4972
5670
6415
7544
8606
9768
10980
12330
13950
9308
11410
15840
10790
12380
14160
16260
18440
19950
22030
24050
27090
30170
34310
38100
4383
5184
5784
6631
7670
8678
9750
11540
13060
14640
16800
18910
21790
18440
20670
23120
25720
29310
31970
35780
39680
43850
48670

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x y-y

cm
24.2
24.6
24.8
25.0
25.3
25.4
25.6
25.7
25.9
26.1
26.3
26.4
26.6
25.7
25.9
26.3
25.6
25.8
25.9
26.2
26.4
26.6
26.8
26.9
27.1
27.3
27.5
27.7
27.2
27.6
27.8
28.0
28.5
28.7
28.7
29.0
29.1
29.3
29.5
29.7
30.0
29.1
29.2
29.4
29.8
30.0
30.0
30.3
30.5
30.6
30.8

cm
4.76
4.88
4.95
5.03
5.04
5.09
5.15
5.21
5.27
5.34
5.41
5.47
5.55
7.00
7.07
7.23
7.39
7.47
7.55
7.66
7.74
7.73
7.79
7.84
7.90
7.97
8.04
8.11
5.24
5.39
5.46
5.53
5.61
5.67
5.69
5.78
5.85
5.92
5.99
6.07
6.16
8.16
8.22
8.28
8.36
8.44
8.47
8.56
8.63
8.68
8.75

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm 3
2515
2874
3187
3622
4012
4495
4990
5718
6386
7069
7778
8522
9406
4111
4935
6589
4227
4776
5383
6074
6784
7380
8050
8695
9652
10580
11800
12920
3481
3987
4374
4916
5644
6272
6940
7993
8847
9715
10850
11940
13350
6735
7455
8233
9118
10230
11050
12170
13300
14990
15870

cm 3
256
301
338
391
435
493
554
644
730
819
913
1014
1136
611
743
1017
666
762
867
993
1121
1218
1340
1455
1627
1801
2030
2241
347
409
455
518
603
678
756
887
994
1106
1255
1399
1592
1040
1161
1292
1444
1635
1774
1974
2177
2390
2638

cm 3
2881
3281
3639
4142
4595
5167
5757
6643
7455
8299
9173
10110
11220
4594
5547
7486
4734
5360
6057
6845
7670
8369
9163
9936
11090
12220
13720
15120
3994
4558
5000
5631
6462
7204
8016
9282
10330
11390
12810
14170
15950
7558
8389
9297
10300
11610
12600
13930
15290
16750
18450

cm 3
400
469
528
611
680
773
871
1019
1157
1304
1458
1625
1826
937
1144
1574
1023
1170
1335
1527
1726
1878
2068
2250
2523
2797
3162
3498
542
638
710
811
943
1063
1191
1402
1577
1759
2005
2243
2565
1598
1787
1992
2223
2523
2745
3057
3377
3717
4111

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling Torsional Warping Torsional


Constant Constant
Parameter Index

u
0.864
0.870
0.872
0.875
0.878
0.878
0.879
0.877
0.878
0.877
0.878
0.877
0.877
0.886
0.886
0.886
0.880
0.882
0.883
0.886
0.888
0.890
0.890
0.890
0.890
0.890
0.889
0.889
0.862
0.868
0.871
0.872
0.878
0.878
0.877
0.878
0.877
0.877
0.877
0.877
0.876
0.884
0.885
0.885
0.889
0.890
0.888
0.889
0.890
0.889
0.889

43.1
38.0
34.5
30.6
27.6
24.8
22.6
20.0
18.2
16.7
15.4
14.3
13.2
32.7
27.7
21.3
33.6
30.0
26.8
23.9
21.6
19.9
18.4
17.2
15.7
14.5
13.2
12.2
43.9
38.7
35.5
31.8
27.7
25.2
23.0
20.3
18.6
17.2
15.6
14.4
13.2
29.7
27.0
24.6
22.3
20.1
18.8
17.2
15.9
14.8
13.7

dm 6
2.52
2.99
3.40
3.99
4.45
5.12
5.85
6.97
8.06
9.26
10.6
12.0
13.8
8.17
10.2
14.5
9.46
10.9
12.6
14.7
16.8
18.4
20.5
22.6
25.8
29.1
33.6
37.9
4.80
5.72
6.42
7.42
8.71
9.94
11.3
13.5
15.5
17.6
20.4
23.4
27.4
20.7
23.4
26.4
29.7
34.3
37.7
42.7
47.9
53.6
60.3

cm 4
77.0
111
149
216
295
411
554
819
1123
1495
1952
2517
3309
200
340
785
196
280
395
559
770
995
1280
1593
2162
2809
3824
4940
116
169
220
308
462
627
840
1260
1675
2186
2993
3897
5322
454
610
813
1100
1532
1914
2518
3250
4152
5373

36
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS

Universal Beams and Columns

r
t

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
W30-30x10 1/2
(762x267)

W30-30x15
(762x381)

W33-33x11 1/2
(838x292)

W33-33x15 3/4
(838x400)

lb/ft
90
99
108
116
124
132
148
165
185
207
226
246
269
295
173
191
211
235
261
292
326
357
118
130
141
152
169
187
204
219
243
271
301
332
361
201
221
241
263
291
318
354
387
424
468

kg/m
133.9
146.9
160.7
173
184.5
196.8
220
246
275
308
337
366
401
439
257.5
284.2
314
349.7
388.4
434.5
485.1
531
175.9
193.8
209.8
226.5
252
278
304
326
362
404
449
494
537
299.1
328.9
358.6
391.4
433.1
473.2
526.8
575.9
631
697

Depth Width
Root
Depth
Area
Thickness
Of
Of
Radius Between
Of
Section Section Flange Web
Fillets Section
D

mm
750.0
754.0
757.7
762.2
766.3
769.8
779.0
785.1
793.0
801.1
809.0
817.1
825.0
835.2
773.2
779.3
785.9
795.0
802.9
813.1
823.0
833.0
834.9
840.7
845.8
850.9
859.0
865.1
871.2
877.1
885.2
895.1
905.0
915.2
925.1
855.5
861.8
868.2
877.1
884.9
893.1
903.0
913.1
923.0
935.0

mm
264.4
265.2
266.1
266.7
267.1
268.0
266.2
268.1
270.1
272.7
274.6
276.6
279.1
281.7
380.6
382.0
383.7
382.4
384.9
387.5
390.4
393.0
291.7
292.4
293.0
293.8
292.1
294.1
295.7
297.2
299.7
302.1
305.2
308.1
310.6
399.9
401.4
402.8
401.4
404.0
406.0
408.9
411.5
414.0
418.0

mm
15.5
17.5
19.3
21.6
23.6
25.4
30.0
33.0
37.1
40.9
44.9
48.0
53.1
57.9
27.1
30.1
33.4
38.1
41.9
47.0
52.1
56.9
18.8
21.7
24.4
26.8
31.0
34.0
37.1
39.9
43.9
49.0
54.1
58.9
64.0
29.2
32.4
35.6
39.9
43.9
48.0
53.1
57.9
63.0
69.1

mm
12.0
12.8
13.8
14.3
14.9
15.6
16.5
18.5
20.6
23.1
24.9
26.9
29.5
32.0
16.6
18.0
19.7
21.1
23.6
25.9
29.0
31.5
14.0
14.7
15.4
16.1
17.0
19.1
20.6
22.1
24.4
26.9
30.0
33.0
35.6
18.2
19.7
21.1
22.1
24.4
26.4
29.5
32.0
35.1
38.6

mm
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
20.0
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
20.0
20.0

mm
686.0
686.0
686.1
686.0
686.1
686.0
686.0
686.1
685.8
686.3
686.2
688.1
685.8
686.4
686.1
686.1
686.1
685.8
686.1
686.1
685.9
679.2
761.7
761.7
761.4
761.7
761.4
761.5
761.4
761.7
761.8
761.5
761.2
761.8
761.5
761.5
761.4
761.5
761.7
761.4
761.5
761.2
761.7
757.0
756.8

cm 2
171
187
205
220
235
251
281
312
351
392
428
462
511
559
328
362
400
445
495
553
617
677
224
247
268
289
319
355
386
416
460
513
572
629
684
381
420
457
499
552
603
672
734
805
889

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange Web
b/T
d/t
8.53
7.58
6.89
6.17
5.65
5.28
4.44
4.06
3.64
3.33
3.06
2.88
2.63
2.43
7.04
6.35
5.74
5.02
4.59
4.12
3.75
3.45
7.76
6.74
6.01
5.48
4.71
4.33
3.99
3.72
3.41
3.08
2.82
2.62
2.43
6.85
6.20
5.66
5.03
4.60
4.23
3.85
3.55
3.29
3.02

57.2
53.6
49.6
48.0
46.2
44.0
41.6
37.1
33.3
29.7
27.6
25.6
23.2
21.5
41.2
38.1
34.9
32.5
29.0
26.5
23.7
21.6
54.4
51.8
49.5
47.3
44.8
39.9
37.0
34.5
31.2
28.3
25.4
23.1
21.4
41.9
38.7
36.1
34.5
31.2
28.8
25.8
23.8
21.6
19.6

Dimensions For Detailing

End
Clearance
C

mm
8
8
9
9
9
10
10
11
12
14
14
15
17
18
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
18
9
9
10
10
11
12
12
13
14
15
17
19
20
11
12
13
13
14
15
17
18
20
21

mm
136
136
136
136
136
136
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
192
192
192
191
191
191
191
191
149
149
149
149
148
148
148
148
148
148
148
148
148
201
201
201
200
200
200
200
200
199
200

mm
32
34
36
38
40
42
47
50
54
57
61
65
70
74
44
47
50
55
58
63
69
77
37
40
42
45
49
52
55
58
62
67
72
77
82
47
50
53
58
62
66
71
76
83
89

Notch

37
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS
y

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
lb/ft kg/m
W30-30x10 1/2 90 134
(762x267)
99 147
108 161
116 173
124 185
132 197
148 220
165 246
185 275
207 308
226 337
246 366
269 401
295 439
W30-30x15
173 258
(762x381)
191 284
211 314
235 350
261 388
292 435
326 485
357 531
W33-33x11 1/2 118 176
(838x292)
130 194
141 210
152 227
169 252
187 278
204 304
219 326
243 362
271 404
301 449
332 494
361 537
W33-33x15 3/4 201 299
(838x400)
221 329
241 359
263 391
291 433
318 473
354 527
387 576
424 631
468 697

Surface
Area
per
Metre

m2
2.51
2.51
2.52
2.53
2.54
2.55
2.56
2.58
2.60
2.62
2.64
2.66
2.68
2.70
3.01
3.02
3.04
3.05
3.07
3.10
3.12
3.14
2.78
2.79
2.80
2.81
2.82
2.84
2.85
2.87
2.89
2.91
2.94
2.97
2.99
3.24
3.26
3.27
3.29
3.31
3.33
3.35
3.38
3.40
3.43

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

cm 4
150700
168500
185900
205300
223100
240000
278200
310700
353200
397200
440500
480200
536500
595900
341200
381700
427000
485900
543700
618300
697600
776600
246000
279200
310200
339700
386500
430400
473000
513500
573400
648200
729200
810000
892800
479800
534700
590000
659000
735400
812500
913500
1012000
1120000
1253000

cm 4
4788
5456
6080
6850
7525
8175
9463
10640
12240
13900
15600
17050
19400
21780
24890
28000
31500
35570
39920
45680
51790
57770
7800
9067
10250
11360
12920
14470
16050
17540
19800
22660
25820
28960
32280
31180
34970
38800
43070
48390
53680
60680
67480
74810
84520

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x y-y

cm
29.7
30.0
30.1
30.5
30.8
30.9
31.5
31.5
31.7
31.8
32.1
32.2
32.4
32.7
32.3
32.5
32.7
33.0
33.1
33.4
33.6
33.9
33.1
33.6
34.0
34.3
34.8
34.8
35.0
35.1
35.3
35.5
35.7
35.9
36.1
35.5
35.7
35.9
36.3
36.5
36.7
36.9
37.1
37.3
37.6

cm
5.30
5.40
5.45
5.58
5.65
5.71
5.81
5.84
5.91
5.96
6.04
6.08
6.16
6.24
8.71
8.80
8.87
8.94
8.98
9.09
9.16
9.24
5.90
6.06
6.18
6.27
6.36
6.38
6.45
6.49
6.56
6.64
6.72
6.79
6.87
9.05
9.13
9.21
9.29
9.36
9.43
9.50
9.59
9.64
9.75

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm 3
4018
4470
4907
5387
5821
6234
7142
7914
8909
9916
10890
11750
13010
14270
8827
9796
10870
12220
13540
15210
16950
18650
5893
6642
7334
7985
8999
9950
10860
11710
12960
14480
16120
17700
19300
11220
12410
13590
15030
16620
18200
20330
22170
24260
26810

cm 3
362
411
457
514
563
610
711
794
906
1020
1136
1233
1390
1546
1308
1466
1642
1860
2074
2358
2653
2940
535
620
700
773
884
984
1086
1180
1321
1500
1692
1880
2078
1559
1742
1927
2146
2396
2644
2968
3280
3614
4044

cm 3
4644
5156
5665
6198
6689
7167
8197
9129
10320
11550
12720
13790
15330
16900
9916
11030
12270
13830
15410
17380
19500
21550
6808
7640
8416
9155
10310
11450
12530
13550
15060
16910
18920
20890
22880
12640
14020
15380
17020
18910
20780
23230
25570
28140
31270

cm 3
570
647
720
807
885
959
1115
1251
1433
1620
1808
1971
2229
2486
2012
2258
2531
2869
3208
3653
4123
4579
842
974
1097
1212
1383
1547
1710
1864
2095
2385
2704
3018
3346
2405
2690
2977
3314
3709
4101
4616
5113
5652
6342

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling Torsional Warping Torsional


Constant Constant
Parameter Index

u
0.854
0.858
0.859
0.864
0.867
0.869
0.875
0.874
0.874
0.873
0.874
0.873
0.874
0.874
0.883
0.885
0.886
0.889
0.888
0.889
0.888
0.888
0.856
0.862
0.867
0.870
0.875
0.874
0.874
0.874
0.874
0.875
0.874
0.873
0.873
0.881
0.882
0.884
0.888
0.887
0.888
0.887
0.887
0.886
0.886

49.8
45.2
41.5
38.1
35.4
33.2
28.9
26.4
23.7
21.6
19.9
18.7
17.0
15.8
30.3
27.5
25.0
22.2
20.3
18.3
16.7
15.3
46.5
41.6
37.9
35.0
30.9
28.3
26.1
24.4
22.3
20.2
18.4
17.0
15.8
31.2
28.4
26.1
23.6
21.6
19.9
18.1
16.7
15.5
14.2

dm 6
6.46
7.40
8.29
9.39
10.4
11.3
13.3
15.0
17.5
20.1
22.8
25.2
28.9
32.9
34.6
39.3
44.6
50.9
57.8
67.0
77.0
87.0
13.0
15.2
17.3
19.3
22.1
25.0
27.9
30.7
35.0
40.5
46.7
53.1
59.8
53.2
60.1
67.3
75.5
85.6
95.8
110
123
138
158

cm 4
119
159
208
267
333
404
605
815
1147
1555
2029
2500
3361
4345
635
859
1161
1651
2218
3090
4224
5563
221
306
404
514
735
983
1265
1569
2095
2884
3910
5088
6494
855
1146
1491
2008
2687
3488
4737
6135
7983
10569

38
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS

Universal Beams and Columns

r
t

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
W36-36x12
(914x305)

W36-36x16 1/2
(914x419)

W40-40x12
(1016x305)

lb/ft
135
150
160
170
182
194
210
232
256
286
318
350
387
230
245
260
280
300
328
359
393
149
167
183
211
235
264
294
327
359

kg/m
200.9
224.2
238.1
253.4
270.8
289.1
312.5
345
381
426
474
521
576
343.3
364.6
388
416.7
446.4
488.1
534.2
584.8
222
249
272
314
349
393
438
487
535

Depth Width
Root
Depth
Area
Thickness
Of
Of
Radius Between
Of
Section Section Flange Web
Fillets Section
D

mm
903.0
910.4
914.7
918.4
922.8
926.6
931.9
942.9
950.7
960.9
970.8
980.7
992.9
911.8
916.4
921.0
927.6
933.2
942.1
950.0
960.1
970.3
980.2
990.1
1000.0
1008.1
1016.0
1025.9
1036.1
1046.0

mm
303.3
304.1
304.8
305.5
306.7
307.7
309.4
307.8
310.3
312.8
315.7
318.8
321.8
418.5
419.4
420.5
421.5
423.0
422.4
424.9
427.5
300.0
300.0
300.0
300.0
302.0
303.0
305.4
308.5
311.4

mm
20.2
23.9
25.9
27.9
30.0
32.0
34.5
39.9
43.9
48.0
54.1
58.9
65.0
32.0
34.3
36.6
39.9
42.7
47.0
51.1
55.9
21.1
26.0
31.0
35.9
40.0
43.9
49.0
54.1
58.9

mm
15.1
15.9
16.5
17.3
18.4
19.5
21.1
22.1
24.4
26.9
29.9
33.0
36.1
19.4
20.3
21.4
22.5
24.0
25.9
28.5
31.0
16.0
16.5
16.5
19.1
21.1
24.4
26.9
30.0
33.0

mm
19.1
19.1
19.0
19.1
19.0
19.1
19.0
19.1
19.1
19.1
19.1
19.1
19.1
24.1
24.1
24.1
24.1
24.1
24.1
24.1
24.1
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0

mm
824.4
824.4
824.9
824.4
824.9
824.4
824.8
824.9
824.7
826.7
824.4
824.7
824.7
799.6
799.6
799.6
799.6
799.7
799.9
799.7
800.1
868.1
868.2
868.1
868.2
868.1
868.2
867.9
867.9
868.2

cm 2
256
286
304
323
346
368
399
440
486
536
603
663
733
437
465
494
532
569
622
680
746
283
317
347
400
445
500
557
620
681

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange Web
b/T
d/t
7.51
6.36
5.88
5.47
5.12
4.81
4.48
3.86
3.53
3.26
2.92
2.71
2.48
6.54
6.12
5.74
5.28
4.96
4.49
4.16
3.83
7.11
5.77
4.84
4.18
3.78
3.45
3.12
2.85
2.64

54.6
51.8
50.0
47.7
44.8
42.3
39.1
37.3
33.8
30.7
27.6
25.0
22.8
41.2
39.4
37.4
35.6
33.3
30.9
28.1
25.8
54.3
52.6
52.6
45.5
41.1
35.6
32.3
28.9
26.3

Dimensions For Detailing

End
Clearance
C

mm
10
10
10
11
11
12
13
13
14
15
17
19
20
12
12
13
13
14
15
16
17
10
10
10
12
13
14
15
17
19

mm
154
154
154
154
154
154
154
153
153
153
153
153
153
210
210
210
210
210
208
208
208
152
152
152
150
150
149
149
149
149

mm
39
43
45
47
49
51
54
59
63
67
73
78
84
56
58
61
64
67
71
75
80
51
56
61
66
70
74
79
84
89

Notch

39
UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS
y

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

in (mm)
W36-36x12
(914x305)

lb/ft kg/m
135 201
150 224
160 238
170 253
182 271
194 289
210 313
232 345
256 381
286 426
318 474
350 521
387 576
W36-36x16 1/2 230 343
(914x419)
245 365
260 388
280 417
300 446
328 488
359 534
393 585
W40-40x12
149 222
(1016x305)
167 249
183 272
211 314
235 349
264 393
294 438
327 487
359 535

Surface
Area
per
Metre

m2
2.96
2.97
2.98
2.99
3.00
3.01
3.03
3.04
3.06
3.09
3.11
3.14
3.17
3.42
3.43
3.44
3.45
3.47
3.48
3.50
3.53
3.06
3.08
3.10
3.11
3.13
3.14
3.17
3.19
3.22

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

cm 4
325300
376400
406100
436300
470700
504200
549000
625200
696900
777000
884100
981300
110100
625800
671700
719600
785700
846900
936400
1031000
1144000
408000
481300
554000
644200
723100
807700
909900
1021000
1131000

cm 4
9424
11240
12270
13300
14460
15600
17130
19480
21980
24640
28580
32080
36460
39160
42240
45440
49870
53940
59170
65450
73000
9553
11760
14010
16240
18470
20500
23450
26730
29970

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x y-y

cm
35.7
36.3
36.6
36.8
36.9
37.0
37.1
37.7
37.9
38.1
38.3
38.5
38.8
37.8
38.0
38.2
38.4
38.6
38.8
38.9
39.2
38.0
39.0
40.0
40.1
40.3
40.2
40.4
40.6
40.8

cm
6.07
6.27
6.36
6.42
6.47
6.51
6.55
6.66
6.72
6.78
6.89
6.95
7.05
9.46
9.53
9.59
9.68
9.73
9.76
9.81
9.89
5.81
6.09
6.36
6.37
6.44
6.40
6.49
6.57
6.63

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm 3
7204
8269
8879
9501
10200
10880
11780
13260
14660
16170
18210
20010
22180
13730
14660
15630
16940
18150
19880
21700
23840
8409
9821
11190
12880
14350
15900
17740
19720
21620

cm 3
621
739
805
871
943
1014
1107
1266
1416
1575
1810
2013
2266
1871
2014
2161
2366
2550
2801
3081
3415
637
784
934
1083
1223
1353
1536
1733
1925

cm 3
8351
9535
10230
10940
11770
12570
13650
15340
17030
18870
21350
23590
26260
15480
16550
17670
19170
20600
22640
24820
27390
9807
11350
12830
14850
16590
18540
20760
23200
25570

cm 3
982
1163
1266
1371
1487
1601
1754
2000
2247
2510
2895
3235
3654
2890
3111
3341
3658
3948
4344
4790
5320
1020
1245
1470
1713
1941
2168
2469
2800
3126

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling Torsional Warping Torsional


Constant Constant
Parameter Index

u
0.854
0.861
0.864
0.866
0.866
0.867
0.866
0.872
0.872
0.871
0.872
0.871
0.871
0.883
0.884
0.885
0.887
0.887
0.887
0.886
0.887
0.850
0.861
0.873
0.872
0.872
0.868
0.868
0.867
0.866

46.8
41.3
38.6
36.2
33.9
31.9
29.7
26.4
24.1
22.2
19.9
18.4
16.8
30.1
28.3
26.7
24.8
23.3
21.4
19.8
18.2
45.7
39.9
35.0
30.7
27.9
25.5
23.1
21.1
19.5

dm 6
18.4
22.1
24.2
26.4
28.8
31.2
34.5
39.7
45.2
51.3
60.0
68.1
78.5
75.8
82.2
88.9
98.3
107
119
132
149
21.5
26.8
32.2
37.7
43.3
48.4
56.0
64.4
73.0

cm 4
291
422
515
626
767
926
1164
1648
2199
2891
4091
5337
7127
1193
1442
1734
2188
2671
3500
4508
5890
390
582
835
1264
1718
2330
3185
4299
5576

40

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

41
CASTELLATED BEAMS

Castellated Beams

Dc

dc

Section
Size

Castellated
Beam

Section
Depth

1.08Ds

Dc

in(mm)
6x4
(153x102)

lb/ft
13

kg/m
19.35

mm
156.7

mm
103.1

mm
7.11

mm
8.76

mm
126.38

mm
6.4

mm
110

W5-5x5
(127x127)

71/2 x 5
(191x127)

18
19

23.81
28.28

190.8
194.3

127.0
127.8

6.10
6.86

9.14
10.92

157.32
157.26

7.6

137
137

W6-6x4
(152x102)

9x4
(228x102)

9
12
16

13.39
17.86
23.81

225.9
229.2
235.5

100.1
101.6
102.4

4.32
5.84
6.60

5.46
7.11
10.29

202.18
202.18
202.12

6.4

164
164
164

W6-6x6
(152x152)

9x6
(228x152)

15
20
25

22.32
29.76
37.20

228.1
233.5
238.1

152.1
152.9
154.4

5.84
6.60
8.13

6.60
9.27
11.56

202.10
202.16
202.18

6.4

164
164
164

W8-8x4
(203x102)

12x4
(305x102)

10
13
15

14.88
19.35
22.32

301.9
304.4
307.5

100.1
101.6
102.0

4.32
5.84
6.22

5.21
6.48
8.00

276.28
276.24
276.30

7.6

219
219
219

W8-8x51/4
(203x133)

12x51/4
(305x133)

18
21

26.79
31.25

308.3
311.8

133.4
133.9

5.84
6.35

8.38
10.16

276.34
276.28

7.6

219
219

W8-8x61/2
(203x165)

12x61/2
(305x165)

24
28

35.72
41.67

302.9
306.2

165.0
166.0

6.22
7.24

10.16
11.81

262.18
262.18

10.2

219
219

W8-8x8
(203x203)

12x8
(305x203)

31
35
40
48
58
67

46.13
52.09
59.53
71.43
86.31
99.71

304.7
307.7
311.1
317.4
323.7
330.1

203.1
203.7
205.0
206.0
208.8
210.3

7.24
7.87
9.14
10.16
12.95
14.48

11.05
12.57
14.22
17.40
20.57
23.75

262.20
262.16
262.26
262.20
262.16
262.20

10.2

219
219
219
219
219
219

W10-10x4
(254x102)

15x4
(381x102)

12
15
17
19

17.86
22.32
25.30
28.28

377.7
380.7
383.8
387.1

100.6
101.6
101.9
102.1

4.83
5.84
6.10
6.35

5.33
6.86
8.38
10.03

351.84
351.78
351.84
351.84

7.6

274
274
274
274

W10-10x53/4
(254x146)

15x53/4
(381x146)

22
26
30

32.74
38.69
44.64

385.3
389.4
392.9

146.0
146.6
147.6

6.10
6.60
7.62

9.14
11.18
12.95

351.82
351.84
351.80

7.6

274
274
274

W10-10x8
(254x203)

15x8
(381x203)

33
39
45

49.11
58.04
66.97

374.1
379.0
383.5

202.2
202.8
203.7

7.37
8.00
8.89

11.05
13.46
15.75

326.60
326.68
326.60

12.7

274
274
274

W10-10x10
(254x254)

15x10
(381x254)

49
54
60
68
77
88
100
112

72.92
80.36
89.29
101.19
114.58
130.95
148.81
166.67

380.5
383.3
386.6
391.2
396.2
402.3
408.9
415.5

254.0
254.8
256.0
257.3
258.8
260.7
262.6
264.5

8.64
9.40
10.67
11.94
13.46
15.37
17.27
19.18

14.22
15.62
17.27
19.56
22.10
25.15
28.45
31.75

326.66
326.66
326.66
326.68
326.60
326.60
326.60
326.60

12.7

274
274
274
274
274
274
274
274

W12-12x4
(305x102)

18x4
(458x102)

14
16
19
22

20.83
23.81
28.28
32.74

455.0
457.0
461.4
465.2

100.0
101.3
101.7
102.4

5.08
5.59
5.97
6.60

5.72
6.73
8.89
10.80

428.36
428.34
428.42
428.40

7.6

329
329
329
329

W12-12x61/2
(305x165)

18x61/2
(458x165)

26
30
35

38.69
44.64
52.09

462.9
465.9
470.0

164.8
165.6
166.6

5.84
6.60
7.62

9.65
11.18
13.21

428.40
428.34
428.38

7.6

329
329
329

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Depth
Between
Fillet
dc

in (mm)
W4-4x4
(102x102)

Dc x B

Thickness
Web
Flange

Pitch of
standard
castellated
1.08Ds

Unit
Weight

Section
Width

600

Ds

Root
Radius

42
CASTELLATED BEAMS

Castellated Beams

Dc

dc

Section
Size

Castellated
Beam

Section
Depth

Unit
Weight
M

Dc x B

Section
Width

600

Ds

1.08Ds

Thickness
Web
Flange

Depth
Between
Fillet
dc

Root
Radius

Pitch of
standard
castellated
1.08Ds

Dc

in (mm)
W12-12x8
(305x203)

in(mm)
18x8
(458x203)

lb/ft
40
45
50

kg/m
59.53
66.97
74.41

mm
455.8
458.8
462.1

mm
203.3
204.3
205.2

mm
7.49
8.51
9.40

mm
13.08
14.60
16.26

mm
399.24
399.20
399.18

mm
15.2

mm
329
329
329

W12-12x10
(305x254)

18x10
(458x254)

53
58

78.87
86.31

458.8
462.1

253.9
254.3

8.76
9.14

14.60
16.26

399.20
399.18

15.2

329
329

W12-12x12
(305x305)

18x12
(458x305)

65
72
79
87
96
106
120
136
152
170
190

96.73
107.14
117.56
129.46
142.86
157.74
178.57
202.38
226.19
253.98
282.74

460.3
463.7
467.0
470.8
475.3
479.9
485.7
493.1
500.7
508.9
517.8

304.8
305.8
306.8
308.0
308.9
310.4
312.9
315.0
317.0
319.3
321.8

9.91
10.92
11.94
13.08
13.97
15.49
18.03
20.07
22.10
24.38
26.92

15.37
17.02
18.67
20.57
22.86
25.15
28.07
31.75
35.56
39.62
44.07

399.16
399.26
399.26
399.26
399.18
399.20
399.16
399.20
399.18
399.26
399.26

15.2

W12*-12x12
(305x305)

18x12
(458x305)

210
230
252
279
305
336

312.50
342.26
375.00
415.18
453.87
500.00

526.1
534.8
543.9
555.1
567.0
579.7

324.9
327.5
330.3
333.8
336.2
340.0

29.97
32.64
35.43
38.86
41.28
45.08

48.26
52.58
57.15
62.74
68.71
75.06

399.18
399.24
399.20
399.22
399.18
399.18

15.2

329
329
329
329
329
329
329
329
329
329
329
329
329
329
329
329
329
329

W14-14x5
(356x127)

21x5
(534x127)

22
26

32.74
38.69

527.0
531.3

127.0
127.6

5.84
6.48

8.51
10.67

489.58
489.56

10.2

385
385

W14-14x63/4
(356x171)

21x63/4
(534x171)

30
34
38

44.64
50.60
56.55

529.5
533.1
536.1

170.9
171.3
172.0

6.86
7.24
7.87

9.78
11.56
13.08

489.54
489.58
489.54

10.2

385
385
385

W14x8
(356x203)

21x8
(534x203)

43
48
53

63.99
71.43
78.87

525.0
528.3
531.6

203.1
204.0
204.7

7.75
8.64
9.40

13.46
15.11
16.76

467.68
467.68
467.68

15.2

385
385
385

W14-14x10
(356x254)

21x10
(534x254)

61
68
74
82

90.78
101.19
110.12
122.02

530.8
534.6
537.9
541.5

253.9
254.9
255.8
257.3

9.52
10.54
11.43
12.95

16.38
18.29
18.94
21.72

467.64
467.62
467.62
467.66

15.2

385
385
385
385

W14-14x141/2
(356x368)

21x141/2
(534x368)

90
99
109
120
132

133.93
147.32
162.20
178.57
196.43

534.1
537.7
541.7
545.8
550.4

368.8
370.0
371.0
372.6
374.0

11.18
12.32
13.34
14.99
16.38

18.03
19.81
21.84
23.88
26.16

467.64
467.68
467.62
467.64
467.68

15.2

385
385
385
385
385

Note : * Not included in regular rolling schedule

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

43
CASTELLATED BEAMS

Castellated Beams

Dc

dc

Section
Size

Castellated
Beam

Section
Depth

Unit
Weight
M

Dc x B

Section
Width

600

Ds

1.08Ds

Thickness
Web
Flange

Depth
Between
Fillet
dc

Root
Radius

Pitch of
standard
castellated
1.08Ds

Dc

in (mm)
W16-16x51/2
(406x140)

in(mm)
24x51/2
(609x140)

lb/ft
26
31

kg/m
38.69
46.13

mm
601.5
606.4

mm
139.7
140.3

mm
6.35
6.98

mm
8.76
11.18

mm
563.58
563.64

mm
10.2

mm
438
438

W16-16x7
(406x178)

24x7
(609x178)

36
40
45
50
57

53.57
59.53
66.97
74.41
84.83

605.8
609.7
612.7
616.0
620.3

177.4
177.7
178.7
179.6
180.8

7.49
7.75
8.76
9.65
10.92

10.92
12.83
14.35
16.00
18.16

563.56
563.64
563.64
563.60
563.58

10.2

438
438
438
438
438

W16-16x101/4
(406x260)

24x101/4
(609x260)

67
77
89
100

99.71
114.58
132.44
148.81

617.8
622.6
628.4
634.0

260.0
261.5
263.3
264.8

10.03
11.56
13.33
14.86

16.89
19.30
22.22
25.02

563.62
563.60
563.56
563.56

10.2

438
438
438
438

W18-18x6
(457x152)

27x6
(686x152)

35
40
46

52.09
59.53
68.46

678.1
683.2
687.2

152.4
152.8
153.9

7.62
8.00
9.14

10.80
13.34
15.37

636.10
636.12
636.06

10.2

494
494
494

W18-18x71/2
(457x191)

27x71/2
(686x191)

50
55
60
65
71

74.41
81.85
89.29
96.73
105.65

685.4
688.5
691.8
694.6
697.6

190.4
191.3
191.9
192.8
193.9

9.02
9.91
10.54
11.43
12.57

14.48
16.00
17.65
19.05
20.57

636.04
636.10
636.10
636.10
636.06

10.2

494
494
494
494
494

W18-18x11
(457x279)

27x11
(686x279)

76
86
97
106
119

113.10
127.98
144.35
157.74
177.08

691.0
695.6
700.7
704.2
710.3

280.3
281.7
283.1
284.5
286.1

10.80
12.19
13.59
14.99
16.64

17.27
19.56
22.10
23.88
26.92

636.06
636.08
636.10
636.04
636.06

10.2

494
494
494
494
494

W21-21x61/2
(533x165)

311/2x61/2
(800x165)

44
50
57

65.48
74.41
84.83

791.3
795.6
801.4

165.1
165.9
166.5

8.89
9.65
10.29

11.43
13.58
16.51

743.04
743.02
742.98

12.7

576
576
576

W21-21x81/4
(533x210)

311/2x81/4
(800x210)

62
68
73
83
93

92.26
101.19
108.63
123.51
138.39

799.6
803.2
806.0
810.8
815.6

209.3
210.1
210.7
212.2
213.9

10.16
10.92
11.56
13.08
14.73

15.62
17.40
18.80
21.21
23.62

742.96
743.00
743.00
742.98
742.96

12.7

576
576
576
576
576

W21-21x121/4
(533x312)

311/2x121/4
(800x312)

101
111
122
132
147

150.30
165.18
181.55
196.43
218.75

809.0
812.9
817.2
821.0
826.8

312.2
313.4
314.7
316.0
317.8

12.70
13.97
15.24
16.51
18.29

20.32
22.22
24.38
26.29
29.21

742.96
743.06
743.04
743.02
742.98

12.7

576
576
576
576
576

W24-24x7
(610x178)

36x7
(915x178)

55
62

81.85
92.27

903.7
908.0

177.9
178.8

10.03
10.92

12.83
14.99

852.64
852.62

12.7

659
659

W24-24x9
(610x229)

36x9
(915x229)

68
76
84
94

101.19
113.10
125.00
139.88

907.7
912.6
917.1
922.5

227.7
228.3
229.1
230.3

10.54
11.18
11.94
13.08

14.86
17.27
19.56
22.22

852.58
852.66
852.58
852.66

12.7

659
659
659
659

W24-24x123/4
(610x324)

36x123/4
(915x324)

104
117
131
146
162

154.76
174.11
194.44
217.27
241.07

916.1
921.1
926.8
933.4
940.0

323.8
325.1
326.5
327.7
329.1

12.70
13.97
15.37
16.51
17.91

19.05
21.59
24.38
27.69
30.99

852.60
852.62
852.64
852.62
852.62

12.7

659
659
659
659
659

W27-27x10
(686x254)

401/2x10
(1029x254)

84
94
102
114

125.00
139.88
151.78
169.64

1021.4
1026.8
1031.1
1036.4

253.0
253.7
254.4
255.8

11.68
12.45
13.08
14.48

16.26
18.92
21.08
23.62

958.48
958.56
958.54
958.56

15.2

741
741
741
741

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

44
CASTELLATED BEAMS

Castellated Beams

Dc

dc

Section
Size

Castellated
Beam

Section
Depth

Unit
Weight
M

Dc x B

Section
Width

600

Ds

1.08Ds

Thickness
Web
Flange

Depth
Between
Fillet
dc

Root
Radius

Pitch of
standard
castellated
1.08Ds

Dc

in (mm)
W27*-27x14
(686x356)

in(mm)
401/2x14
(1029x366)

lb/ft
146
161
178

kg/m
217.26
239.58
264.88

mm
1038.5
1043.8
1049.4

mm
354.7
356.1
357.8

mm
15.37
16.76
18.42

mm
24.76
27.43
30.23

mm
958.58
958.54
958.54

mm
15.2

mm
741
741
741

W30-30x101/2
(762x267)

45x101/2
(1143x267)

99
108
116
124
132

147.32
160.71
172.62
184.52
196.43

1134.4
1138.7
1143.3
1147.3
1150.9

265.4
266.1
266.6
267.1
267.8

13.21
13.84
14.35
14.86
15.62

17.02
19.30
21.59
23.62
25.40

1067.06
1067.10
1067.12
1067.06
1067.10

16.5

823
823
823
823
823

W30*-30x15
(762x381)

45x15
(1143x381)

173
191
211

257.44
284.23
313.99

1154.2
1160.2
1166.9

380.6
382.0
383.7

16.64
18.03
19.68

27.05
30.10
33.40

1067.10
1067.00
1067.10

16.5

823
823
823

W33-33x111/2
(838x292)

491/2x111/2
(1257x292)

118
130
141
152

175.60
193.45
209.82
226.19

1253.6
1259.5
1264.8
1269.6

291.6
292.4
293.0
293.8

13.97
14.73
15.37
16.13

18.80
21.72
24.38
26.80

1180.40
1180.46
1180.44
1180.40

17.8

905
905
905
905

W33*-33x151/4
(838x400)

491/2x153/4
(1257x400)

201
221
241

299.11
328.87
358.63

1274.5
1280.8
1287.2

399.9
401.4
402.8

18.16
19.68
21.08

29.21
32.38
35.56

1180.48
1180.44
1180.48

17.8

905
905
905

W36-36x12
(914x305)

54x12
(1371x305)

135
150
160
170
182
194
210

200.89
223.21
238.10
253.98
270.83
288.69
312.50

1360.0
1367.6
1371.7
1375.7
1379.8
1383.8
1388.9

303.5
304.2
304.8
305.6
306.7
307.7
309.4

15.24
15.88
16.51
17.27
18.42
19.43
21.08

20.07
23.88
25.91
27.94
29.97
32.00
34.54

1281.86
1281.84
1281.88
1281.82
1281.86
1281.80
1281.82

19.0

987
987
987
987
987
987
987

W36*-36x161/2
(914x419)

54x161/2
(1371x419)

230
245
260
280
300

342.26
364.58
386.90
416.67
446.43

1368.9
1373.4
1378.0
1384.6
1390.2

418.3
419.4
420.4
421.5
423.0

19.30
20.32
21.34
22.48
24.00

32.00
34.29
36.58
39.88
42.67

1256.70
1256.62
1256.64
1256.64
1256.66

24.1

987
987
987
987
987

Note : * Not included in regular rolling schedule

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

STRUCTURAL TEES

45

Structural Tees

General
The section sizes for structural tees are given in the tables on the following pages.
Structural tees are usually cut from universal beams and columns, but can also be
rolled.

Cut from Heavy


Column Sections.
(H/HE)

Cut from Wide Flange


Sections. Web height and
flange width approximately
equal. (H/HE)

Cut from Narrow


Flange Sections.
(I/IPE)

Cut from Medium


Flange Sections.
(I/IPE)

Figure 5 Structural Tees: Section shapes

The standard specifications used for production of structural tees in this region are
listed in this table.
Material

Yield strength
N/mm2

AS 3679.1 (1996)
Grade 250
Grade 300
Grade 350

12mm 12-40 40mm


260
250
230
300
300
300
360
340
330
min. 250
ASTM A36 (1996)
ASTM A572 (1997)
Grade 42
min. 290
Grade 50
min. 345
Grade 60
min. 415
Grade 65
min. 450
min. 345
ASTM A588 (1997)

Tensile strength Min. Elongation Min. Charpy VDimensions


N/mm2
L0=5.65
S0 notch. Temp. 20C & Tolerances
min. 410
min. 430
min. 480
400-550

22 %
22 %
20 %
20-21 %

27J
27J
27J
-

AS 3679.1
(1996)

min. 415
min. 450
min. 520
min. 550
min. 485

20-24 %
18-21 %
16-18 %
15-17 %
18-21 %

ASTM A6
(1997)

min. 275
min. 355

430-580
490-640

22 %
20 %

27J
27J

EN 10025 (1993)
S275JR
S355JR
EN 10113 (1993)
S275N
S355N

16mm 16-40 40mm


275
265
255
355
345
335
16mm 16-40 40mm
275
265
255
355
345
335

3-100mm
410-560
490-630
3-100mm
370-510
470-630

JIS 3101 (1995)


SS400
SS490
SS540
JIS 3106(1995)
SM400A, B
SM490A, B
SM490YA, YB
SM520B

16mm 16-40 40mm


245
235
215
285
275
255
400
390
16mm 16-40 40mm
245
235
215
325
315
295
365
355
335
365
355
335

t<100mm
400-510
490-610
min 540
t<100mm
400-510
490-610
490-610
520-640

BS 4360 (1986)
Grade 43A
Grade 50A

24 %
22 %

10<t
150mm
27J
27J
10<t
150mm
27J
27J

17-24 %
15-21 %
13-17 %

18-24 %
17-23 %
15-21 %
15-21 %

17-22 %
17-22 %

Table 7 Structural Tees: Standard specifications

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

BS 4 Part 1
(1993)

EN 10034
(1993)

JIS 3192
(1994)

46
STRUCTURAL TEES

Structural Tees
d

100x150
100x200

125x125

125x175
125x250

150x150
150x200

150x300

175x175

175x250

175x350

200x200

t
y

Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre
kg/m
8.5
11.8
7.0
10.3
15.6
9.0
20.2
9.1
10.5
10.7
15.0
15.3
24.9
28.1
32.8
12.8
14.5
14.8
21.8
22.1
32.2
33.2
35.9
36.2
41.1
16.0
18.4
27.9
28.4
32.7
42.3
43.5
46.5
47.0
52.9
52.9
20.7
24.7
24.8
34.6
39.1
39.8
53.1
57.3
65.4
67.5
68.2
77.9
79.3
28.3
32.7
33.0

Width
Of
Section

Depth
Of
Section

Cx

Metric units

mm
50x100
62.5x125
75x75
75x100
75x150
87.5x90
87.5x175
100x100

Thickness
Web
Flange

Root
Radius

mm
100
125
75
100
150
90
175
99
100
100
150
150
200
204
202
124
125
125
175
175
252
249
250
250
255
149
150
200
200
201
302
299
300
300
305
301
174
175
175
249
250
250
351
348
354
350
350
357
352
199
200
200

mm
50
62.5
75
74
75
87.5
87.5
99
100
100
97
97
100
100
104
124
125
125
122
122
122
124
125
125
125
149
150
147
147
149
147
149
150
150
150
152
173
175
175
168
170
170
169
172
172
175
175
175
178
198
200
200

mm
6
6.5
5
6
7
5
7.5
4.5
5.5
5.5
6
6
8
12
10
5
6
6
7
7
11
8
9
9
14
5.5
6.5
8
8
9
12
9
10
10
15
11
6
7
7
8
9
9
13
10
16
12
12
19
14
7
8
8

mm
8
9
7
9
10
8
11
7
8
8
9
9
12
12
16
8
9
9
11
11
11
13
14
14
14
8
9
12
12
14
12
14
15
15
15
17
9
11
11
12
14
14
13
16
16
19
19
19
22
11
13
13

mm
8
8
8
8
8
8
13
11
8
11
8
13
13
13
13
12
8
12
13
16
16
16
13
16
16
13
13
13
18
18
18
18
13
18
18
18
14
13
14
20
13
20
20
20
20
13
20
20
20
16
13
16

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratio For
Local
Buckling

Dimension

Cx
d/t
8.33
9.62
15.0
12.3
10.7
17.5
11.7
22.0
18.2
18.2
16.2
16.2
12.5
8.3
10.4
24.8
20.8
20.8
17.4
17.4
11.1
15.5
13.9
13.9
8.93
27.1
23.1
18.4
18.4
16.6
12.3
16.6
15.0
15.0
10.0
13.8
28.8
25.0
25.0
21.0
18.9
18.9
13.0
17.2
10.8
14.6
14.6
9.2
12.7
28.3
25.0
25.0

b/T
6.25
6.94
5.36
5.56
7.50
5.63
7.95
7.07
6.25
6.25
8.33
8.33
8.33
8.50
6.31
7.75
6.94
6.94
7.95
7.95
11.5
9.58
8.93
8.93
9.11
9.31
8.33
8.33
8.33
7.18
12.6
10.7
10.0
10.0
10.2
8.85
9.67
7.95
7.95
10.4
8.93
8.93
13.5
10.9
11.1
9.21
9.21
9.39
8.00
9.05
7.69
7.69

cm
1.00
1.19
1.79
1.56
1.37
1.93
1.55
2.15
2.31
2.29
1.80
1.79
1.73
2.09
1.91
2.63
2.81
2.78
2.28
2.27
2.39
1.98
2.08
2.08
2.58
3.26
3.41
2.85
2.83
2.91
2.84
2.36
2.47
2.47
3.03
2.55
3.71
3.76
3.75
3.02
3.11
3.09
3.21
2.67
3.40
2.87
2.86
3.59
3.05
4.17
4.26
4.23

47
STRUCTURAL TEES
y
x

Metric units
Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre
mm
50x100
62.5x125
75x75
75x100
75x150
87.5x90
87.5x175
100x100

100x150
100x200

125x125

125x175
125x250

150x150
150x200

150x300

175x175

175x250

175x350

200x200

Cx

kg/m
8.5
11.8
7.0
10.3
15.6
9.0
20.2
9.1
10.5
10.7
15.0
15.3
24.9
28.1
32.8
12.8
14.5
14.8
21.8
22.1
32.2
33.2
35.9
36.2
41.1
16.0
18.4
27.9
28.4
32.7
42.3
43.5
46.5
47.0
52.9
52.9
20.7
24.7
24.8
34.6
39.1
39.8
53.1
57.3
65.4
67.5
68.2
77.9
79.3
28.3
32.7
33.0

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm4
16.2
35.1
42.4
51.7
66.4
70.4
115
93.3
114
114
124
125
185
256
251
207
247
247
288
289
445
365
412
413
589
391
461
570
571
662
857
716
798
799
1108
904
675
811
811
881
1015
1017
1423
1232
1802
1519
1521
2203
1826
1188
1390
1391

cm
1.22
1.53
2.18
1.98
1.83
2.48
2.11
2.84
2.92
2.90
2.55
2.53
2.41
2.68
2.45
3.56
3.65
3.62
3.22
3.21
3.29
2.93
3.00
2.99
3.36
4.38
4.44
4.01
3.97
3.99
3.99
3.59
3.67
3.65
4.05
3.66
5.06
5.08
5.07
4.47
4.52
4.48
4.59
4.11
4.65
4.20
4.18
4.71
4.25
5.74
5.77
5.75

cm3
4.04
6.92
7.44
8.84
10.8
10.3
16.0
12.0
14.8
14.8
15.7
15.8
22.3
32.4
29.6
21.2
25.5
25.4
29.1
29.1
45.3
35.0
39.6
39.6
59.4
33.5
39.7
48.1
48.1
55.2
72.3
57.1
63.7
63.8
92.5
71.5
49.6
59.0
59.0
63.9
73.1
73.1
104
84.8
131
104
104
158
124
76.0
88.3
88.2

cm3
13.4
23.5
6.59
15.0
37.5
10.8
56.2
11.5
13.4
13.4
33.8
33.8
80.1
83.4
109
20.5
23.5
23.5
56.2
56.2
117
134
146
146
152
29.7
33.8
80.1
80.1
94.5
183
209
225
225
233
257
45.5
56.2
56.2
124
146
146
267
323
335
388
388
404
455
72.7
86.8
86.8

cm3
7.86
13.3
13.4
16.2
20.6
18.5
30.4
21.5
26.3
26.5
28.3
28.6
42.3
59.2
58.4
37.5
45.2
45.3
52.3
52.6
81.3
65.7
74.3
74.6
108
59.5
70.7
85.6
86.1
99.6
129
105
117
118
167
134
87.6
104
104
114
130
131
185
156
234
194
195
287
236
134
156
156

cm3
20.5
35.9
10.4
23.2
57.2
16.8
85.8
17.9
20.8
21.0
51.5
51.8
122
129
166
31.8
36.3
36.6
86.0
86.4
179
204
222
222
234
45.9
52.6
123
123
145
280
317
341
342
358
390
70.1
86.7
86.8
190
222
223
409
490
513
588
589
622
691
112
133
134

cm4
66.8
147
24.7
75.2
282
48.7
492
56.8
66.9
66.9
253
254
801
851
1100
127
147
147
492
492
1469
1674
1824
1824
1938
221
254
801
801
949
2758
3120
3377
3377
3552
3866
396
492
492
1546
1824
1825
4690
5622
5923
6791
6793
7216
8002
723
868
868

cm
2.49
3.13
1.66
2.39
3.77
2.06
4.37
2.21
2.24
2.22
3.65
3.61
5.02
4.88
5.13
2.79
2.82
2.79
4.21
4.18
5.98
6.29
6.32
6.29
6.09
3.29
3.29
4.75
4.71
4.77
7.16
7.51
7.55
7.51
7.26
7.57
3.88
3.96
3.95
5.92
6.05
6.00
8.33
8.78
8.43
8.89
8.84
8.53
8.90
4.48
4.56
4.54

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling
Parameter

Torsional
Index

5.58
6.41
10.2
7.90
7.08
10.9
7.27
13.3
12.5
11.8
10.6
9.91
7.78
7.19
6.09
15.0
14.2
13.5
10.7
10.3
9.54
8.96
8.56
8.38
7.73
17.8
16.0
12.0
11.4
10.1
10.6
10.0
9.70
9.41
8.72
8.46
18.8
16.1
15.9
12.9
12.1
11.4
11.3
10.2
9.41
9.02
8.77
8.07
7.70
17.8
15.9
15.5

cm4
2.35
3.93
1.40
3.27
6.22
2.15
10.5
1.92
2.53
2.87
4.65
5.44
14.9
19.6
33.3
3.36
4.24
4.83
10.6
11.6
19.6
23.3
27.9
29.3
39.1
4.32
6.16
15.7
17.9
26.6
30.5
35.6
40.9
44.0
57.7
62.1
6.81
11.2
11.5
22.3
28.9
33.1
44.8
60.4
81.1
92.6
99.3
134
152
13.5
19.8
21.0

cm2
10.8
15.0
8.92
13.2
19.8
11.4
25.7
11.6
13.3
13.6
19.1
19.5
31.8
35.8
41.8
16.3
18.5
18.8
27.7
28.1
41.0
42.3
45.7
46.1
52.3
20.4
23.4
35.5
36.2
41.7
53.8
55.4
59.2
59.9
67.4
67.4
26.3
31.5
31.6
44.1
49.8
50.8
67.6
73.0
83.3
85.9
86.9
99.2
101
36.1
41.7
42.1

0.520
0.463
0.493
0.514
0.511
0.487
0.508
0.505
0.515
0.528
0.504
0.495
0.494
0.491
0.486
0.485

Torsional
Constant

Sectional
Area

48
STRUCTURAL TEES

Structural Tees
d

200x400

225x200

225x300

250x200

250x300

300x200

300x300

350x300

400x300

450x300

t
y

Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre
kg/m
47.1
52.3
53.4
70.0
73.3
84.1
85.8
98.4
116.0
142.0
207.0
302.0
33.1
37.5
38.0
53.0
60.4
61.8
39.7
44.1
44.8
51.5
57.1
62.5
64.2
47.3
51.7
52.8
59.8
67.0
68.5
73.5
75.6
87.3
83.0
90.9
92.4
95.6
103.0
105.0
105.0
120.0
141.0
152.0

Width
Of
Section

Depth
Of
Section

Cx

Metric units

mm
200x300

Thickness
Web
Flange

Root
Radius

mm
299
300
300
402
398
405
400
408
405
407
417
432
199
200
200
299
300
300
199
200
200
201
300
300
300
199
200
200
201
202
300
300
300
302
300
300
300
300
300
300
299
300
302
303

mm
193
195
195
194
197
197
200
200
207
214
229
249
223
225
225
217
220
220
248
250
250
253
241
244
244
298
300
300
303
306
291
294
294
297
346
350
350
396
400
400
445
450
456
459

mm
9
10
10
15
11
18
13
21
18
20
30
45
8
9
9
10
11
11
9
10
10
11
11
11
11
10
11
11
12
13
12
12
12
14
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
16
18
19

mm
14
16
16
15
18
18
21
21
28
35
50
70
12
14
14
15
18
18
14
16
16
19
15
18
18
15
17
17
20
23
17
20
20
23
20
24
24
22
26
26
23
28
34
37

mm
22
13
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
18
13
18
24
13
24
20
13
20
20
26
13
26
22
13
22
22
22
28
13
28
28
28
18
28
28
18
28
18
18
18
18

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratio For
Local
Buckling

Dimension

Cx
d/t
21.4
19.5
19.5
12.9
17.9
10.9
15.4
9.5
11.5
10.7
7.6
5.5
27.9
25.0
25.0
21.7
20.0
20.0
27.6
25.0
25.0
23.0
21.9
22.2
22.2
29.8
27.3
27.3
25.3
23.5
24.3
24.5
24.5
21.2
26.6
26.9
26.9
28.3
28.6
28.6
29.7
28.1
25.3
24.2

b/T
10.7
9.38
9.38
13.4
11.1
11.3
9.52
9.71
7.23
5.81
4.17
3.09
8.29
7.14
7.14
9.97
8.33
8.33
7.11
6.25
6.25
5.29
10.0
8.33
8.33
6.63
5.88
5.88
5.03
4.39
8.82
7.50
7.50
6.57
7.50
6.25
6.25
6.82
5.77
5.77
6.50
5.36
4.44
4.09

cm
3.33
3.43
3.41
3.70
3.01
3.89
3.21
4.07
3.68
3.90
4.85
6.13
5.10
5.19
5.15
4.04
4.09
4.05
5.90
6.03
5.96
5.95
4.92
4.72
4.66
7.79
7.95
7.84
7.79
7.79
6.39
6.17
6.08
6.33
7.99
7.63
7.55
9.66
9.27
9.18
11.7
11.4
11.3
11.4

49
STRUCTURAL TEES
y
x

Metric units
Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre
mm
200x300

200x400

225x200

225x300

250x200

250x300

300x200

300x300

350x300

400x300

450x300

Cx

kg/m
47.1
52.3
53.4
70.0
73.3
84.1
85.8
98.4
116.0
142.0
207.0
302.0
33.1
37.5
38.0
53.0
60.4
61.8
39.7
44.1
44.8
51.5
57.1
62.5
64.2
47.3
51.7
52.8
59.8
67.0
68.5
73.5
75.6
87.3
83.0
90.9
92.4
95.6
103.0
105.0
105.0
120.0
141.0
152.0

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y
cm4
1524
1728
1732
2480
2047
3052
2478
3652
3626
4380
7470
13250
1861
2142
2144
2341
2676
2681
2814
3187
3190
3650
3401
3607
3615
5127
5743
5749
6512
7288
6315
6668
6679
7892
11220
11960
11970
17590
18680
18690
25750
29030
34070
36650

cm4
3122
3602
3604
8129
9461
9977
11210
11900
15510
19680
30260
47180
790
935
936
3346
4053
4055
922
1069
1070
1290
3381
4053
4056
989
1137
1139
1360
1588
3834
4505
4509
5291
4511
5408
5411
4964
5860
5864
5137
6316
7827
8604

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm
5.04
5.09
5.05
5.27
4.68
5.34
4.76
5.40
4.95
4.93
5.32
5.87
6.65
6.70
6.66
5.89
5.90
5.84
7.45
7.54
7.47
7.46
6.84
6.73
6.65
9.23
9.34
9.25
9.24
9.24
8.51
8.44
8.33
8.43
10.3
10.2
10.1
12.0
11.9
11.8
13.9
13.8
13.8
13.8

cm3
95.5
108
108
158
123
193
148
229
213
250
414
706
108
124
124
133
149
149
149
168
168
189
177
183
183
233
261
259
289
319
278
287
286
338
422
437
436
588
608
607
785
863
994
1061

cm3
209
240
240
404
475
493
560
584
766
967
1451
2184
79.4
93.5
93.6
224
270
270
92.7
107
107
128
225
270
270
99.4
114
114
135
157
256
300
301
350
301
361
361
331
391
391
344
421
518
568

cm3
170
192
193
280
226
346
276
414
410
504
863
1501
193
219
220
235
265
267
266
299
300
337
314
323
325
424
470
470
522
574
494
505
508
601
751
771
774
1053
1076
1078
1415
1541
1773
1892

cm3
318
365
367
619
720
755
850
897
1166
1470
2218
3362
123
145
145
343
412
414
145
166
167
201
348
412
415
158
179
181
214
249
396
461
464
542
468
555
558
518
605
608
539
659
811
889

cm
7.21
7.35
7.28
9.54
10.1
9.65
10.1
9.8
10.2
10.4
10.7
11.1
4.33
4.43
4.40
7.04
7.26
7.18
4.27
4.36
4.33
4.43
6.82
7.14
7.04
4.05
4.16
4.12
4.22
4.31
6.63
6.94
6.84
6.90
6.53
6.83
6.78
6.39
6.67
6.62
6.20
6.43
6.59
6.67

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling
Parameter

Torsional
Index

12.9
12.3
11.6
11.3
10.5
9.62
9.11
8.38
7.04
5.83
4.27
3.21
18.2
16.8
16.1
13.5
12.5
11.7
17.6
16.7
15.8
13.8
14.7
14.0
13.0
19.9
19.2
18.0
15.9
14.2
16.1
15.6
14.4
12.8
17.2
15.7
15.0
18.4
17.0
16.3
21.1
17.9
15.1
14.0

cm4
39.9
49.7
56.7
77.7
96.8
131
151
205
356
657
1934
5488
19.1
25.7
28.4
51.9
70.5
81.6
30.3
37.9
42.8
65.7
58.8
71.5
85.8
41.1
48.5
56.3
83.2
118
86.2
99.3
120
178
130
171
191
170
220
243
180
289
488
616

cm2
60.0
66.6
68.0
89.2
93.4
107
109
125
148
180
264
385
42.1
47.7
48.4
67.5
76.9
78.7
50.6
56.1
57.1
65.6
72.8
79.6
81.8
60.2
65.9
67.2
76.2
85.3
87.2
93.6
96.2
111
106
116
118
122
132
134
133
153
180
194

0.565
0.563
0.559
0.598
0.599
0.594
0.582
0.167
0.660
0.662
0.656
0.644
0.636
0.501
0.465
0.460
0.466
0.572
0.540
0.536
0.617
0.591
0.588
0.662
0.639
0.627
0.623

Torsional
Constant

Sectional
Area

50
STRUCTURAL TEES

Structural Tees
d

102x127

102x152

127x152

127x178
133x102
140x203
146x127

152x76

152x229

165x102
165x152

165x267

171x178

178x203

t
y

Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre
Bxd
kg/m
6.70
8.93
11.91
11.00
12.60
14.20
12.40
14.10
16.40
18.50
21.00
24.00
16.50
19.50
12.50
15.00
19.50
23.00
15.60
18.50
21.50
11.50
15.00
18.50
26.20
29.90
33.60
34.23
37.10
41.00
17.86
20.83
19.35
20.10
22.32
23.10
26.04
27.00
32.74
37.20
42.41
22.50
25.50
28.50
33.50
27.10
30.00
33.60
37.10
42.41

Cut from
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre

152x102
152x102
152x102
254x102
254x102
254x102
305x102
305x102
305x102
305x127
305x127
305x127
356x127
356x127
203x133
203x133
406x140
406x140
254x146
254x146
254x146
152x152
152x152
152x152
457x152
457x152
457x152
457x152
457x152
457x152
203x165
203x165
305x165
305x165
305x165
305x165
305x165
305x165
533x165
533x165
533x165
356x171
356x171
356x171
356x171
406x178
406x178
406x178
406x178
406x178

kg/m
13.4
17.9
23.8
22.0
25.0
28.0
25.0
28.0
33.0
37.0
42.0
48.0
33.0
39.0
25.0
30.0
39.0
46.0
31.0
37.0
43.0
23.0
30.0
37.0
52.0
60.0
67.0
68.5
74.0
82.0
35.7
41.7
38.7
40.0
44.6
46.0
52.1
54.0
65.5
74.4
84.8
45.0
51.0
57.0
67.0
54.0
60.0
67.0
74.0
84.8

Width
Of
Section

Depth
Of
Section

Cx

Imperial units

mm
102x76

Thickness
Web
Flange

Root
Radius

mm
100.1
101.6
102.4
101.6
101.9
102.2
101.6
101.8
102.4
123.4
124.3
125.3
125.4
126.0
133.2
133.9
141.8
142.2
146.1
146.4
147.3
152.2
152.9
154.4
152.4
152.9
153.8
153.9
154.4
155.3
165.0
166.0
164.8
165.0
165.6
165.7
166.6
166.9
165.1
165.9
166.5
171.1
171.5
172.2
173.2
177.7
177.9
178.8
179.5
180.8

mm
74.9
76.6
79.8
126.9
128.5
130.1
152.5
154.3
156.3
152.1
153.5
155.4
174.4
176.6
101.5
103.3
198.9
201.5
125.6
127.9
129.7
76.1
78.7
80.8
224.8
227.2
228.9
229.4
230.9
232.8
100.7
102.4
155.2
151.6
156.7
153.2
158.8
155.1
262.4
264.5
267.5
175.6
177.4
178.9
181.6
201.2
203.1
204.6
206.3
208.7

mm
4.32
5.84
6.60
5.70
6.00
6.30
5.80
6.00
6.60
7.10
8.00
9.00
6.00
6.60
5.70
6.40
6.40
6.80
6.00
6.30
7.20
5.80
6.50
8.00
7.60
8.10
9.00
9.14
9.60
10.50
6.22
7.24
5.84
6.00
6.60
6.70
7.62
7.90
8.89
9.65
10.29
7.00
7.40
8.10
9.10
7.70
7.90
8.80
9.50
10.92

mm
5.46
7.11
10.29
6.80
8.40
10.00
7.00
8.80
10.80
10.70
12.10
14.00
8.50
10.70
7.80
9.60
8.60
11.20
8.60
10.90
12.70
6.80
9.40
11.50
10.90
13.30
15.00
15.37
17.00
18.90
10.16
11.81
9.65
10.20
11.18
11.80
13.21
13.70
11.43
13.59
16.51
9.70
11.50
13.00
15.70
10.90
12.80
14.30
16.00
18.16

mm
6.4
6.4
6.4
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
8.9
8.9
8.9
10.2
10.2
7.6
7.6
10.2
10.2
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
7.6
8.9
7.6
8.9
7.6
8.9
12.7
12.7
12.7
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling

Dimension

Cx
d/t
17.3
13.1
12.1
22.3
21.4
20.7
26.3
25.7
23.7
21.4
19.2
17.3
29.1
26.8
17.8
16.1
31.1
29.6
20.9
20.3
18.0
13.1
12.1
10.1
29.6
28.0
25.4
25.1
24.1
22.2
16.2
14.1
26.6
25.3
23.7
22.9
20.8
19.6
29.5
27.4
26.0
25.1
24.0
22.1
20.0
26.1
25.7
23.3
21.7
19.1

b/T
9.17
7.14
4.98
7.47
6.07
5.11
7.26
5.78
4.74
5.77
5.14
4.48
7.38
5.89
8.54
6.97
8.24
6.35
8.49
6.72
5.80
11.2
8.13
6.71
6.99
5.75
5.13
5.01
4.54
4.11
8.12
7.03
8.54
8.09
7.41
7.02
6.31
6.09
7.22
6.10
5.04
8.82
7.46
6.62
5.52
8.15
6.95
6.25
5.61
4.98

cm
1.58
1.72
1.72
3.45
3.32
3.24
4.43
4.20
4.14
3.78
3.87
3.94
4.56
4.44
2.10
2.11
5.32
5.02
2.66
2.55
2.64
1.39
1.41
1.53
6.04
5.84
5.91
5.92
5.88
5.96
1.76
1.87
3.16
3.03
3.22
3.07
3.31
3.21
7.58
7.44
7.24
4.05
3.94
3.97
4.00
4.83
4.64
4.73
4.76
4.93

51
STRUCTURAL TEES
y
x

Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

mm
102x76

cm4
39.4
54.8
70.3
221
249
276
374
418
485
499
571
660
621
724
131
154
971
1117
259
292
343
58.5
72.3
93.2
1660
1871
2113
2161
2325
2589
147
176
485
467
560
535
664
641
2934
3317
3745
795
879
984
1152
1289
1391
1569
1733
2026

cm
2.14
2.19
2.14
3.97
3.94
3.91
4.86
4.83
4.81
4.60
4.62
4.64
5.43
5.39
2.86
2.84
6.26
6.17
3.61
3.52
3.54
2.00
1.94
1.99
7.06
7.01
7.03
7.03
7.02
7.04
2.54
2.57
4.44
4.27
4.44
4.27
4.46
4.32
8.37
8.36
8.33
5.27
5.21
5.21
5.19
6.11
6.03
6.06
6.06
6.12

cm3
6.67
9.22
11.2
23.9
26.1
28.2
34.5
37.2
42.2
43.6
49.7
56.9
48.2
54.7
16.2
18.7
66.7
73.8
26.1
28.5
33.2
9.41
11.2
14.2
101
111
124
127
135
149
17.7
21.0
39.3
38.5
45.0
43.7
52.8
52.1
157
174
192
58.8
63.7
70.7
81.4
84.3
88.8
99.8
109
127

cm3
9.14
12.3
18.0
11.8
14.6
17.5
12.1
15.3
19.0
27.3
31.3
36.8
22.4
28.4
23.1
28.7
28.9
37.9
30.6
39.0
46.0
26.3
36.7
45.7
42.3
52.0
59.4
60.9
67.8
76.3
46.2
54.3
43.7
46.3
51.2
54.1
61.2
63.7
52.2
62.7
76.7
47.4
56.5
64.4
78.7
57.5
67.6
76.4
86.1
99.2

cm3
11.8
16.5
20.6
44.3
46.9
50.4
63.3
69.1
75.8
77.9
88.9
102
87.2
98.1
28.7
33.5
123
132
46.0
50.7
59.5
16.9
20.9
27.1
187
199
223
227
242
267
32.4
39.0
68.8
67.7
79.1
77.2
93.6
92.8
288
319
347
104
113
125
145
150
157
177
194
226

cm3
14.0
18.9
27.7
18.5
22.9
27.3
19.3
24.1
29.9
42.5
49.0
57.8
34.9
44.3
35.4
44.0
45.2
58.8
46.9
59.6
70.4
40.0
55.7
69.6
66.4
81.2
93.0
95.5
106.2
119.9
70.0
82.5
66.8
70.7
78.2
82.6
93.8
97.6
82.9
99.4
121
73.0
86.8
99.1
121
89
104
118
133
154

102x152

127x152

127x178
133x102
140x203
146x127

152x76

152x229

165x102
165x152

165x267

171x178

178x203

Imperial units

102x127

Cx

kg/m
6.70
8.93
11.91
11.00
12.60
14.20
12.40
14.10
16.40
18.50
21.00
24.00
16.50
19.50
12.50
15.00
19.50
23.00
15.60
18.50
21.50
11.50
15.00
18.50
26.20
29.90
33.60
34.23
37.10
41.00
17.86
20.83
19.35
20.10
22.32
23.10
26.04
27.00
32.74
37.20
42.41
22.50
25.50
28.50
33.50
27.10
30.00
33.60
37.10
42.41

cm4
45.7
62.3
92.3
59.7
74.4
89.3
61.5
77.7
97.1
168
194
231
140
179
154
192
205
269
224
285
339
200
280
353
323
397
456
469
523
592
381
451
360
382
424
448
510
532
431
520
638
406
484
554
681
511
602
683
773
897

cm
2.30
2.33
2.46
2.07
2.16
2.23
1.97
2.08
2.15
2.67
2.70
2.74
2.58
2.68
3.10
3.17
2.87
3.03
3.36
3.48
3.52
3.70
3.83
3.87
3.11
3.23
3.27
3.28
3.33
3.37
4.08
4.12
3.82
3.86
3.86
3.91
3.91
3.93
3.21
3.31
3.44
3.76
3.86
3.91
3.99
3.85
3.97
4.00
4.04
4.07

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling
Parameter

Torsional
Index

13.1
10.2
7.67
18.2
15.7
13.8
21.8
18.7
15.8
14.9
13.3
11.7
21.1
17.6
12.8
10.8
23.8
19.5
14.8
12.2
10.6
10.4
8.00
6.67
22.0
18.8
16.8
16.5
15.1
13.7
9.63
8.43
16.9
15.5
14.8
13.6
12.7
11.8
23.5
20.6
17.8
18.4
16.1
14.4
12.2
19.2
16.9
15.2
13.8
12.3

cm4
0.841
1.87
4.64
2.06
3.20
4.77
2.37
3.69
6.08
7.36
10.5
15.8
4.38
7.53
2.97
5.13
5.33
9.49
4.26
7.65
11.9
2.30
5.24
9.54
10.7
16.9
23.8
25.4
32.9
44.5
7.22
11.2
6.22
7.35
9.49
11.1
15.4
17.3
16.0
23.7
36.8
7.90
11.9
16.6
27.8
11.5
16.6
23.0
31.3
46.0

cm2
8.64
11.5
15.3
14.0
16.0
18.0
15.8
17.9
20.9
23.6
26.7
30.6
21.1
24.9
16.0
19.1
24.8
29.3
19.8
23.6
27.4
14.6
19.1
23.5
33.3
38.1
42.8
43.7
47.2
52.3
22.8
26.6
24.7
25.7
28.4
29.4
33.3
34.4
41.9
47.4
54.0
28.7
32.4
36.3
42.7
34.5
38.3
42.8
47.2
54.1

0.662
0.628
0.606
0.701
0.681
0.656
0.606
0.606
0.602
0.654
0.632
0.673
0.633
0.375
0.230
0.198
0.678
0.648
0.646
0.645
0.636
0.634
0.434
0.392
0.427
0.379
0.422
0.388
0.704
0.692
0.672
0.546
0.521
0.514
0.499
0.587
0.561
0.561
0.555
0.559

Torsional
Constant

Sectional
Area

52
STRUCTURAL TEES

Structural Tees
d

191x229

203x102

203x127

203x152

210x267

229x305

254x127

254x178

254x343

267x381

kg/m
40.92
46.13
33.60
37.10
41.00
44.60
48.37
49.20
52.83
23.00
26.00
30.00
35.50
43.00
49.85
24.55
29.02
33.48
29.76
33.48
37.20
41.10
46.10
50.50
54.50
61.00
61.76
69.20
50.60
56.50
62.50
69.90
36.50
40.18
44.50
50.60
53.50
57.29
66.00
74.41
83.34
45.39
50.60
55.06
61.01
62.60
69.94
75.90
84.83
73.66
80.36
86.31
92.27
98.22

Cut from
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre

610x178
610x178
457x191
457x191
457x191
457x191
457x191
457x191
457x191
203x203
203x203
203x203
203x203
203x203
203x203
254x203
254x203
254x203
305x203
305x203
305x203
533x210
533x210
533x210
533x210
533x210
533x210
533x210
610x229
610x229
610x229
610x229
254x254
254x254
254x254
254x254
254x254
254x254
254x254
254x254
254x254
356x254
356x254
356x254
356x254
686x254
686x254
686x254
686x254
762x267
762x267
762x267
762x267
762x267

kg/m
81.8
92.3
67.0
74.0
82.0
89.0
96.7
98.0
106
46.0
52.0
60.0
71.0
86.0
99.7
49.1
58.0
67.0
59.5
67.0
74.4
82.0
92.0
101
109
122
124
138
101
113
125
140
73
80
89
101
107
115
132
149
167
91
101
110
122
125
140
152
170
147
161
173
185
196

Width
Of
Section

Depth
Of
Section

t
y

Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre
Bxd

Cx

Imperial units

mm
178x305

Thickness
Web
Flange

Root
Radius

mm
177.9
178.8
189.9
190.4
191.3
191.9
192.8
192.8
193.9
203.6
204.3
205.8
206.4
209.1
210.3
202.2
202.8
203.7
203.3
204.3
205.2
208.8
209.3
210.0
210.8
211.9
212.2
213.9
227.6
228.2
229.0
230.2
254.6
254.8
256.3
257.3
258.8
258.8
261.3
262.6
264.5
253.9
254.9
255.8
257.3
253.0
253.7
254.4
255.8
265.4
266.1
266.6
267.1
267.8

mm
299.3
301.5
226.6
228.4
229.9
231.6
233.0
233.5
234.6
101.5
103.0
104.7
107.8
111.0
114.3
123.6
126.0
128.3
151.6
143.2
154.8
264.1
266.5
268.3
269.7
272.2
272.2
274.6
301.2
303.7
306.0
308.5
127.0
128.1
130.1
132.1
133.3
134.6
138.1
139.7
144.3
176.4
178.3
180.0
181.7
338.9
341.9
344.0
346.6
376.6
378.8
381.2
383.2
384.9

mm
10.03
10.92
8.50
9.00
9.90
10.50
11.43
11.40
12.57
7.20
7.90
9.40
10.00
12.70
14.48
7.37
8.00
8.89
7.49
8.51
9.40
9.60
10.10
10.80
11.60
12.70
18.08
14.73
10.50
11.10
11.90
13.10
8.60
9.40
10.30
11.94
12.80
13.46
15.30
17.27
19.18
9.53
10.54
11.43
12.95
11.70
12.45
13.08
14.48
13.21
13.84
14.35
14.86
15.62

mm
12.83
14.99
12.70
14.50
16.00
17.70
19.05
19.60
20.57
11.00
12.50
14.20
17.30
20.50
23.75
11.05
13.46
15.75
13.08
14.60
16.26
13.20
15.60
17.40
18.80
21.30
21.21
23.62
14.80
17.30
19.60
22.10
14.20
15.62
17.30
19.56
20.50
22.10
25.30
28.45
31.75
16.38
18.29
20.94
21.72
16.20
18.92
21.08
23.62
17.02
19.30
21.59
23.62
25.40

mm
12.7
12.7
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
12.7
12.7
12.7
15.2
15.2
15.2
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling

Dimension

Cx
d/t
29.8
27.6
26.7
25.4
23.2
22.1
20.4
20.5
18.7
14.1
13.0
11.1
10.8
8.74
7.89
16.8
15.8
14.4
20.2
16.8
16.5
27.5
26.4
24.8
23.3
21.4
15.1
18.6
28.7
27.4
25.7
23.5
14.8
13.6
12.6
11.1
10.4
10.0
9.03
8.09
7.52
18.5
16.9
15.8
14.0
29.0
27.5
26.3
23.9
28.5
27.4
26.6
25.8
24.6

b/T
6.93
5.96
7.48
6.57
5.98
5.42
5.06
4.92
4.71
9.25
8.17
7.25
5.97
5.10
4.43
9.15
7.53
6.47
7.77
7.00
6.31
7.91
6.71
6.03
5.61
4.97
5.00
4.53
7.69
6.60
5.84
5.21
8.96
8.16
7.41
6.58
6.31
5.86
5.16
4.62
4.17
7.75
6.97
6.11
5.92
7.81
6.70
6.03
5.41
7.80
6.89
6.17
5.65
5.27

cm
8.88
8.79
5.46
5.38
5.47
5.47
5.58
5.53
5.73
1.69
1.75
1.89
1.95
2.20
2.38
2.21
2.22
2.31
2.75
2.63
2.96
6.75
6.55
6.53
6.61
6.66
6.76
6.95
7.78
7.58
7.54
7.61
2.05
2.12
2.21
2.37
2.45
2.51
2.70
2.85
3.07
3.16
3.27
3.32
3.53
8.85
8.67
8.57
8.69
10.4
10.2
10.0
9.90
9.91

53
STRUCTURAL TEES
y
x

Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre

191x229

203x102

203x127

203x152

210x267

229x305

254x127

254x178
254x178x55
254x343

267x381

Imperial units

mm
178x305

Cx

kg/m
40.92
46.13
33.60
37.10
41.00
44.60
48.37
49.20
52.83
23.00
26.00
30.00
35.50
43.00
49.85
24.55
29.02
33.48
29.76
33.48
37.20
41.10
46.10
50.50
54.50
61.00
61.76
69.20
50.60
56.50
62.50
69.90
36.50
40.18
44.50
50.60
53.50
57.29
66.00
74.41
83.34
45.39
50.60
55.06
61.01
62.60
69.94
75.90
84.83
73.66
80.36
86.31
92.27
98.22

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y
cm4
4818
5427
2028
2218
2468
2679
2937
2962
3252
177
200
244
281
373
452
321
368
427
599
568
778
3510
3870
4232
4591
5149
5240
5989
5666
6244
6880
7724
418
463
524
621
676
726
871
995
1193
1204
1358
1503
1712
8930
9906
10680
12010
13340
14440
15470
16410
17480

cm4
605
718
726
836
936
1045
1141
1174
1254
774
889
1032
1269
1564
1844
762
937
1111
918
1040
1173
1004
1195
1346
1472
1694
1690
1934
1458
1717
1966
2253
1954
2155
2429
2779
2964
3196
3766
4299
4904
2237
2527
2924
3088
2192
2581
2900
3305
2661
3041
3421
3763
4079

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm
9.60
9.61
6.89
6.85
6.87
6.86
6.90
6.88
6.95
2.45
2.46
2.53
2.49
2.61
2.67
3.20
3.16
3.16
3.97
3.69
4.05
8.19
8.12
8.11
8.13
8.14
8.18
8.24
9.38
9.32
9.29
9.31
3.00
3.01
3.04
3.10
3.15
3.15
3.22
3.24
3.35
4.56
4.59
4.55
4.70
10.6
10.5
10.5
10.5
11.9
11.9
11.8
11.8
11.8

cm3
229
254
118
127
141
151
166
166
183
20.9
23.4
28.4
31.8
41.9
50.0
31.7
35.5
40.5
48.3
48.6
62.1
179
193
208
225
250
193
292
254
274
298
332
39.2
43.3
48.6
57.3
62.2
66.3
78.4
89.5
105
83.2
93.2
102
117
357
388
414
463
489
522
550
577
612

cm3
68.0
80.3
76.5
87.8
97.8
109
118
122
129
76.1
87.0
100
123
150
175
75.4
92.4
109
90.3
102
114
96.2
114
128
140
160
159
181
128
151
172
196
154
169
190
216
229
247
288
327
371
176
198
229
240
173
204
228
258
201
229
257
282
305

cm3
419
465
209
225
250
269
295
296
327
39.0
44.5
54.4
63.6
84.6
103
57.0
65.4
76.2
86.7
88.6
113
320
343
371
401
446
449
522
456
489
531
592
74.1
82.8
94.1
112
122
132
159
185
219
150
170
189
215
643
695
738
825
892
944
990
1035
1095

cm3
109
128
118
136
152
169
184
189
202
115
132
152
187
228
267
114
140
166
137
155
174
150
177
199
217
249
259
284
200
234
267
305
232
256
287
328
348
375
438
499
566
268
302
348
366
270
317
355
403
315
359
402
441
477

cm
3.40
3.50
4.12
4.20
4.23
4.29
4.30
4.33
4.32
5.14
5.18
5.20
5.30
5.34
5.39
4.93
5.03
5.10
4.92
4.99
4.98
4.38
4.51
4.57
4.60
4.67
4.65
4.68
4.76
4.89
4.97
5.03
6.48
6.50
6.55
6.57
6.59
6.62
6.69
6.74
6.79
6.22
6.26
6.34
6.31
5.24
5.38
5.47
5.53
5.32
5.45
5.57
5.65
5.70

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling
Parameter

Torsional
Index

24.2
21.5
18.9
16.9
15.5
14.1
13.2
12.9
12.2
8.86
7.92
7.04
5.96
5.11
4.51
10.7
9.12
7.96
11.4
9.56
9.40
20.8
18.3
16.6
15.5
13.8
13.8
12.5
21.6
19.0
17.1
15.3
8.63
7.91
7.24
6.47
6.20
5.80
5.17
4.61
4.24
10.7
9.71
8.57
8.30
22.0
19.4
17.7
16.0
22.8
20.8
19.1
17.7
16.6

cm4
24.5
35.4
18.5
25.8
34.5
45.2
56.7
60.5
72.2
11.0
15.8
23.5
40.0
68.1
105
12.1
20.3
31.4
19.8
27.0
37.0
25.7
37.7
50.3
63.0
88.9
90.8
125
38.3
55.5
76.9
108
28.8
37.9
51.1
73.9
85.9
106
159
225
312
45.6
62.7
91.1
105
57.9
83.7
110
152
78.1
103
133
166
202

cm2
52.2
58.8
42.7
47.3
52.2
56.9
61.6
62.6
67.2
29.4
33.1
38.2
45.2
54.8
63.5
31.3
37.0
42.8
38.0
41.8
47.4
52.3
58.7
64.3
69.4
77.7
78.7
88.2
64.4
72.0
79.7
89.1
46.5
51.1
56.6
64.5
68.2
73.0
84.1
94.6
106
57.8
64.5
72.7
77.6
79.7
89.2
96.9
108
93.8
102
110
118
125

0.716
0.708
0.597
0.583
0.583
0.576
0.579
0.573
0.583
0.634
0.613
0.606
0.605
0.600
0.599
0.609
0.644
0.626
0.617
0.613
0.651
0.635
0.624
0.623
0.680
0.667
0.654
0.645
0.641

Torsional
Constant

Sectional
Area

54
STRUCTURAL TEES

Structural Tees
d

292x419

305x152

305x305
305x457

305x508

312x267

324x305

356x343

368x178

kg/m
56.55
64.00
72.18
78.87
88.55
87.80
96.70
104.9
113.1
48.40
53.57
58.90
64.73
68.50
71.43
79.00
89.29
101.2
113.1
126.5
141.4
74.60
89.50
100.5
111.6
119.1
126.5
135.4
144.4
156.3
111.0
124.0
136.0
157.0
175.0
75.15
82.59
90.78
98.22
109.4
77.38
87.06
97.47
108.6
120.5
109.0
120.0
132.0
66.97
73.66
81.10
89.29
98.22

Cut from
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre

457x279
457x279
457x279
457x279
457x279
838x292
838x292
838x292
838x292
305x305
305x305
305x305
305x305
305x305
305x305
305x305
305x305
305x305
305x305
305x305
305x305
610x305
610x305
914x305
914x305
914x305
914x305
914x305
914x305
914x305
1016x305
1016x305
1016x305
1016x305
1016x305
533x312
533x312
533x312
533x312
533x312
610x324
610x324
610x324
610x324
610x324
686x356
686x356
686x356
356x368
356x368
356x368
356x368
356x368

kg/m
113
128
144
158
177
176
193
210
226
97
107
118
129
137
143
158
179
202
226
253
283
149
179
201
223
238
253
271
289
313
222
248
272
314
350
150
165
182
196
219
155
174
195
217
241
218
240
264
134
147
162
179
196

Width
Of
Section

Depth
Of
Section

t
y

Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre
Bxd

Cx

Imperial units

mm
279x229

Thickness
Web
Flange

Root
Radius

mm
280.3
281.7
283.1
284.5
286.1
291.6
292.4
293.0
293.8
305.3
305.8
307.4
308.0
309.2
308.9
311.2
312.9
315.0
317.0
319.3
321.8
304.8
307.1
303.5
304.2
304.8
305.6
306.7
307.7
309.4
300.0
300.0
300.0
300.0
302.0
312.2
313.4
314.7
316.0
317.8
323.9
325.1
326.5
327.7
329.1
355.0
356.0
358.0
368.8
370.0
371.0
372.6
374.0

mm
231.3
232.6
236.1
237.9
240.9
417.3
420.2
422.9
425.3
153.9
155.6
157.2
159.1
160.2
161.4
163.5
166.6
170.3
174.1
178.2
182.6
306.1
310.0
451.5
455.3
457.3
459.4
461.4
463.4
466.0
485.0
490.0
495.0
500.0
504.0
271.3
273.2
275.3
277.2
280.2
305.6
308.1
310.9
314.2
317.5
348.0
350.0
353.0
178.1
179.8
181.9
183.9
186.2

mm
10.80
12.19
13.59
14.99
16.64
13.97
14.73
15.37
16.13
9.90
10.92
12.00
13.08
13.80
13.97
15.80
18.03
20.07
22.10
24.38
26.92
11.80
14.10
15.24
15.88
16.51
17.27
18.42
19.43
21.08
16.00
16.50
16.50
19.10
21.10
12.70
13.97
15.24
16.51
18.29
12.70
13.97
15.37
16.51
17.91
15.40
16.80
18.40
11.28
12.32
13.34
14.99
16.38

mm
17.27
19.56
22.10
23.88
26.92
18.80
21.72
24.38
26.80
15.40
17.02
18.70
20.57
21.70
22.86
25.00
28.07
31.75
35.56
39.62
44.07
19.70
23.60
20.07
23.88
25.91
27.94
29.97
32.00
34.54
21.10
26.00
31.00
35.90
40.00
20.32
22.22
24.38
26.29
29.21
19.05
21.59
24.38
27.69
30.99
24.80
27.40
30.20
18.03
19.81
21.84
23.88
26.16

mm
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.8
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
16.5
16.5
19.0
19.0
19.0
19.0
19.0
19.0
19.0
29.0
29.0
29.0
29.0
29.0
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
15.0
15.0
15.0
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling

Dimension

Cx
d/t
21.4
19.1
17.4
15.9
14.5
29.9
28.5
27.5
26.4
15.5
14.2
13.1
12.2
11.6
11.6
10.3
9.24
8.49
7.88
7.31
6.78
25.9
22.0
29.6
28.7
27.7
26.6
25.0
23.8
22.1
30.3
29.7
30.0
26.2
23.9
21.4
19.6
18.1
16.8
15.3
24.1
22.1
20.2
19.0
17.7
22.6
20.8
19.2
15.8
14.6
13.6
12.3
11.4

b/T
8.12
7.20
6.40
5.96
5.31
7.76
6.73
6.01
5.48
9.91
8.98
8.22
7.49
7.12
6.76
6.22
5.57
4.96
4.46
4.03
3.65
7.74
6.51
7.56
6.37
5.88
5.47
5.12
4.81
4.48
7.11
5.77
4.84
4.18
3.78
7.68
7.05
6.45
6.01
5.44
8.50
7.53
6.70
5.92
5.31
7.16
6.50
5.93
10.2
9.34
8.49
7.80
7.15

cm
4.58
4.69
4.84
5.00
5.15
11.3
11.1
10.9
10.8
2.50
2.60
2.69
2.79
2.86
2.88
3.04
3.25
3.44
3.64
3.86
4.11
6.45
6.69
12.6
12.1
12.0
12.0
12.1
12.2
12.4
13.9
13.2
12.5
12.9
13.1
5.53
5.66
5.78
5.91
6.08
6.59
6.65
6.73
6.75
6.85
7.49
7.59
7.74
2.80
2.89
2.98
3.14
3.27

55
STRUCTURAL TEES
y
x

Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre

292x419

305x152

305x305
305x457

305x508

312x267

324x305

356x343

368x178

Imperial units

mm
279x229

Cx

kg/m
56.55
64.00
72.18
78.87
88.55
87.80
96.70
104.9
113.1
48.40
53.57
58.90
64.73
68.50
71.43
79.00
89.29
101.2
113.1
126.5
141.4
74.60
89.50
100.5
111.6
119.1
126.5
135.4
144.4
156.3
111.0
124.0
136.0
157.0
175.0
75.15
82.59
90.78
98.22
109.4
77.38
87.06
97.47
108.6
120.5
109.0
120.0
132.0
66.97
73.66
81.10
89.29
98.22

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y
cm4
2987
3387
3902
4340
4938
19410
21260
22890
24560
858
965
1080
1205
1287
1330
1533
1807
2107
2434
2824
3288
7397
9026
26340
28940
30670
32610
35080
37400
40900
33450
36990
39550
46440
52090
5599
6221
6881
7532
8506
7854
8815
9904
10970
12200
14010
15430
17180
1530
1701
1887
2152
2408

cm4
3172
3647
4184
4589
5262
3897
4539
5126
5681
3655
4059
4530
5013
5351
5620
6285
7175
8282
9455
10770
12260
4655
5705
4693
5621
6135
6668
7233
7800
8564
4782
5886
7011
8125
9239
5158
5707
6341
6924
7827
5400
6189
7081
8132
9220
9258
10320
11570
7540
8366
9299
10300
11410

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm
6.44
6.45
6.51
6.57
6.61
13.2
13.1
13.1
13.0
3.73
3.76
3.79
3.82
3.84
3.82
3.90
3.99
4.04
4.11
4.18
4.27
8.82
8.90
14.3
14.2
14.2
14.2
14.2
14.3
14.3
15.4
15.3
15.1
15.2
15.3
7.64
7.68
7.71
7.76
7.81
8.92
8.92
8.93
8.89
8.90
10.0
10.1
10.1
4.23
4.25
4.27
4.35
4.39

cm3
161
182
208
231
261
639
687
729
775
66.5
74.5
82.9
91.8
97.8
100
115
135
155
177
202
232
306
371
809
867
911
961
1031
1095
1195
965
1033
1070
1252
1398
259
287
316
345
388
328
365
407
445
490
513
563
624
102
113
124
141
157

cm3
226
259
296
323
368
267
310
350
387
239
265
295
326
346
364
404
459
526
597
674
762
305
372
309
370
403
436
472
507
554
319
392
467
542
612
330
364
403
438
493
333
381
434
496
560
522
580
646
409
452
501
553
610

cm3
284
323
371
414
470
1163
1239
1307
1385
123
139
156
175
188
195
225
266
311
361
419
488
538
656
1477
1565
1639
1727
1852
1965
2146
1778
1953
1921
2251
2512
457
508
562
616
695
576
643
719
790
874
904
996
1106
190
212
236
271
305

cm3
345
396
453
495
566
419
486
547
604
362
402
447
494
525
552
614
698
802
910
1030
1166
468
571
487
580
631
685
741
798
875
504
617
729
850
964
505
558
618
673
759
511
584
667
763
862
801
891
995
618
684
759
838
926

cm
6.64
6.69
6.74
6.76
6.82
5.90
6.06
6.18
6.27
7.70
7.72
7.77
7.80
7.83
7.86
7.90
7.94
8.02
8.09
8.17
8.25
7.00
7.07
6.05
6.28
6.36
6.43
6.47
6.51
6.55
5.82
6.10
6.36
6.37
6.45
7.33
7.36
7.40
7.44
7.49
7.39
7.47
7.55
7.66
7.74
8.17
8.22
8.29
9.39
9.43
9.48
9.51
9.55

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling
Parameter

Torsional
Index

13.9
12.4
11.1
10.3
9.22
23.3
20.8
19.0
17.5
9.64
8.81
8.09
7.44
7.09
6.79
6.25
5.63
5.06
4.60
4.20
3.84
16.4
13.8
23.5
20.7
19.3
18.1
17.0
16.0
14.9
23.1
20.1
17.6
15.4
14.0
13.9
12.8
11.7
10.9
9.92
16.8
15.0
13.4
12.0
10.8
14.8
13.5
12.3
9.63
8.83
8.09
7.45
6.86

cm4
58.8
85.0
122
155
220
110
153
201
256
45.5
60.8
80.3
106
124
142
188
267
384
535
736
1010
99.8
170
145
210
257
312
383
460
580
191
287
412
625
851
108
142
186
234
320
98.0
139
197
279
384
227
303
404
84.6
111
148
195
255

cm2
72.0
81.5
92.1
100
113
112
124
134
144
61.72
68.17
75.09
82.47
87.20
90.96
101
114
129
144
161
180
95.0
114
128
143
152
161
173
184
199
141
158
173
200
222
96.0
105
116
125
139
98.8
111
124
139
154
139
153
168
85.5
94.0
103
114
125

0.675
0.659
0.647
0.639
0.483
0.484
0.688
0.666
0.659
0.654
0.654
0.652
0.653
0.701
0.689
0.648
0.651
0.651
0.320
0.325
0.322
0.325
0.326
0.469
0.461
0.455
0.439
0.431
0.475
0.472
0.471
-

Torsional
Constant

Sectional
Area

56
STRUCTURAL TEES

Structural Tees
d

400x419

406x178

406x508

419x457

457x508

t
y

Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre
Bxd
kg/m
129.0
142.0
157.0
150.0
165.0
179.0
107.9
118.3
131.0
143.6
157.0
173.4
191.2
211.0
232.0
255.0
276.0
296.0
317.0
339.0
372.0
129.0
148.0
160.0
186.0
206.0
171.0
182.0
194.0
209.0
224.0
143.0
164.0
182.0
199.0
222.0
244.0

Cut from
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre

762x381
762x381
762x381
838x400
838x400
838x400
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
356x406
1016x406
1016x406
1016x406
1016x406
1016x406
914x419
914x419
914x419
914x419
914x419
1016x457
1016x457
1016x457
1016x457
1016x457
1016x457

kg/m
258
284
314
300
330
358
216
237
262
287
314
347
382
422
464
510
552
592
634
678
744
258
296
320
372
412
342
364
388
418
448
286
328
364
398
444
488

Width
Of
Section

Depth
Of
Section

Cx

Imperial units

mm
381x381

Thickness
Web
Flange

Root
Radius

mm
381.0
382.0
384.0
400.0
401.0
403.0
393.7
395.4
397.5
399.0
401.3
403.6
406.3
409.0
412.0
416.0
418.0
421.0
424.0
428.0
432.0
400.0
400.0
400.0
400.0
402.0
418.0
419.0
420.0
422.0
423.0
450.0
450.0
450.0
451.0
453.0
455.0

mm
387.0
390.0
393.0
428.0
431.0
434.0
187.7
190.2
193.3
188.7
199.6
203.7
208.0
213.0
217.0
223.0
228.0
232.0
237.0
242.0
249.0
485.0
491.0
495.0
500.0
504.0
456.0
458.0
461.0
464.0
467.0
485.0
491.0
496.0
500.0
504.0
508.0

mm
16.60
18.00
19.70
18.20
19.70
21.10
17.27
18.92
21.08
22.61
24.89
27.18
29.84
32.80
35.80
39.10
42.00
45.00
47.60
51.20
55.60
16.50
16.50
16.50
19.10
21.10
19.30
20.30
21.30
22.50
24.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
19.10
21.10
23.10

mm
27.10
30.10
33.40
29.20
32.40
35.60
27.69
30.23
33.27
36.58
39.62
43.69
48.01
52.60
57.40
62.70
67.60
72.30
77.10
81.50
88.90
21.10
27.10
31.00
36.10
40.00
32.00
34.30
36.60
39.90
42.70
21.10
27.10
32.00
35.90
40.00
43.90

mm
17.0
17.0
17.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.2
15.0
15.0
15.0
15.0
15.0
15.0
15.0
15.0
29.0
29.0
29.0
29.0
29.0
24.0
24.0
24.0
24.0
24.0
29.0
29.0
29.0
29.0
29.0
29.0

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling

Dimension

Cx
d/t
23.3
21.7
19.9
23.5
21.9
20.6
10.9
10.1
9.17
8.35
8.02
7.49
6.97
6.49
6.06
5.70
5.43
5.16
4.98
4.73
4.48
29.4
29.8
30.0
26.2
23.9
23.6
22.6
21.6
20.6
19.5
26.9
27.3
27.6
26.2
23.9
22.0

b/T
7.03
6.35
5.75
6.85
6.19
5.66
7.11
6.54
5.97
5.45
5.06
4.62
4.23
3.89
3.59
3.32
3.09
2.91
2.75
2.63
2.43
9.48
7.38
6.45
5.54
5.03
6.53
6.11
5.74
5.29
4.95
10.7
8.30
7.03
6.28
5.66
5.18

cm
8.41
8.50
8.63
9.62
9.70
9.76
3.28
3.43
3.63
3.63
3.98
4.20
4.45
4.73
4.98
5.30
5.58
5.84
6.10
6.39
6.79
12.4
11.4
10.9
11.2
11.4
10.2
10.2
10.3
10.3
10.5
12.2
11.2
10.6
10.5
10.8
11.0

57
STRUCTURAL TEES
y
x

Designation
Serial
Mass
Size
Per
Metre

400x419

406x178

406x508

419x457

457x508

Imperial units

mm
381x381

Cx

kg/m
129.0
142.0
157.0
150.0
165.0
179.0
107.9
118.3
131.0
143.6
157.0
173.4
191.2
211.0
232.0
255.0
276.0
296.0
317.0
339.0
372.0
129.0
148.0
160.0
186.0
206.0
171.0
182.0
194.0
209.0
224.0
143.0
164.0
182.0
199.0
222.0
244.0

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y
cm4
20680
22840
25380
30210
33240
36230
2602
2922
3353
3305
4230
4828
5542
6419
7280
8480
9591
10680
11910
13430
15630
37390
40850
42850
50380
56440
38770
41230
43990
47320
51060
41160
44940
47640
51900
58190
64590

cm4
12510
14000
15790
15600
17440
19450
14090
15580
17430
19380
21360
23970
26870
30040
33520
37700
41250
45090
49130
53440
59970
11290
14490
16570
19300
21710
19510
21070
22640
25040
26990
16070
20620
24340
27490
31040
34530

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm
11.2
11.2
11.3
12.6
12.6
12.6
4.35
4.40
4.48
4.27
4.60
4.68
4.77
4.89
4.97
5.11
5.23
5.32
5.43
5.58
5.74
15.1
14.7
14.5
14.6
14.7
13.3
13.3
13.4
13.3
13.4
15.0
14.7
14.4
14.3
14.3
14.4

cm3
683
749
827
910
995
1077
168
187
214
217
265
299
339
387
436
499
557
615
677
754
863
1035
1082
1109
1299
1449
1095
1159
1229
1312
1411
1134
1186
1221
1316
1468
1623

cm3
657
733
822
780
870
965
716
788
877
971
1065
1188
1323
1469
1627
1813
1974
2142
2317
2497
2776
564
724
828
965
1080
934
1006
1078
1187
1276
714
916
1082
1219
1371
1518

cm3
1204
1324
1468
1607
1760
1910
331
374
430
452
547
626
719
829
942
1087
1221
1356
1501
1669
1920
1867
1920
1959
2301
2573
1936
2052
2179
2331
2513
2039
2098
2152
2323
2601
2885

cm3
1008
1127
1266
1201
1341
1490
1085
1196
1332
1475
1620
1809
2017
2243
2487
2774
3024
3284
3556
3838
4271
876
1116
1272
1486
1668
1437
1549
1662
1830
1971
1106
1410
1658
1868
2104
2334

cm
8.73
8.80
8.88
9.04
9.12
9.22
10.1
10.2
10.2
10.3
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.8
10.9
11.0
11.1
11.2
8.28
8.77
9.01
9.03
9.10
9.46
9.53
9.58
9.70
9.73
9.39
9.93
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.5

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Buckling
Parameter

Torsional
Index

15.2
13.8
12.5
15.6
14.2
13.0
6.51
6.01
5.52
4.85
4.73
4.36
4.02
3.73
3.45
3.22
3.04
2.87
2.73
2.62
2.45
22.7
19.1
17.1
14.9
13.6
15.1
14.2
13.4
12.4
11.7
22.1
18.7
16.4
14.8
13.4
12.4

cm4
319
429
581
427
572
747
315
410
548
719
923
1233
1638
2157
2806
3671
4593
5633
6825
8154
10580
230
377
512
790
1064
592
718
861
1094
1334
269
435
632
858
1173
1540

cm2
164
181
200
191
210
229
138
151
167
181
200
221
244
269
295
324
351
377
404
432
474
165
189
204
237
262
218
232
247
266
285
182
209
231
254
283
311

0.497
0.493
0.489
0.532
0.528
0.522
0.632
0.585
0.560
0.563
0.564
0.533
0.529
0.527
0.520
0.521
0.607
0.556
0.521
0.510
0.510
0.511

Torsional
Constant

Sectional
Area

STRUCTURAL TEES

58

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

BEARING PILES

59

Bearing Piles

General
The section sizes of bearing piles are given in the tables on the following pages.
Bearing piles are different from universal beams and columns because the flange and
the web thickness are approximately equal and the height and the width are almost the
same.

Figure 6 Bearing Piles: Section shape

The standard specifications used for production of bearing piles in this region are
listed in this table.
Material

Yield strength
N/mm2

AS 3679.1 (1996)
Grade 250
Grade 300
Grade 350

12mm 12-40 40mm


260
250
230
300
300
300
360
340
330
min. 250
ASTM A36 (1996)
ASTM A572 (1997)
Grade 42
min. 290
Grade 50
min. 345
Grade 60
min. 415
Grade 65
min. 450
min. 345
ASTM A588 (1997)

Tensile strength Min. Elongation Min. Charpy VDimensions


N/mm2
L0=5.65
S0 notch. Temp. 20C & Tolerances
min. 410
min. 430
min. 480
400-550

22 %
22 %
20 %
20-21 %

27J
27J
27J
-

AS 3679.1
(1996)

min. 415
min. 450
min. 520
min. 550
min. 485

20-24 %
18-21 %
16-18 %
15-17 %
18-21 %

ASTM A6
(1997)

22 %
20 %

27J
27J

BS 4360 (1986)
Grade 43A
Grade 50A

min. 275
min. 355

430-580
490-640

EN 10025 (1993)
S275JR
S355JR
EN 10113 (1993)
S275N
S355N

16mm 16-40 40mm


275
265
255
355
345
335
16mm 16-40 40mm
275
265
255
355
345
335

3-100mm
410-560
490-630
3-100mm
370-510
470-630

JIS 310 (1995)1


SS400
SS490
SS540
JIS 3106 (1995)
SM400A, B
SM490A, B
SM490YA, YB
SM520B

16mm 16-40 40mm


245
235
215
285
275
255
400
390
16mm 16-40 40mm
245
235
215
325
315
295
365
355
335
365
355
335

t<100mm
400-510
490-610
min 540
t<100mm
400-510
490-610
490-610
520-640

24 %
22 %

10<t
150mm
27J
27J
10<t
150mm
27J
27J

17-24 %
15-21 %
13-17 %

18-24 %
17-23 %
15-21 %
15-21 %

17-22 %
17-22 %

Table 8 Bearing Piles: Standard specifications

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

BS 4 Part 1
(1993)

BS 4 (1993),
Dimensions
& Tolerances

JIS 3192
(1994)

60
BEARING PILES

Bearing Piles

B
r

C
b

Metric units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre
DxD

Depth
Of
Section

Width
Of
Section

Thickness
Flange

Root
Depth
Radius Between
Web
Fillet

Area
Of
Section

Ratios For
Local Buckling
Flange
Web

mm

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

cm2

200x200

56.2

200

204

12

12

13

150

71.5

8.50

250x250

63.8

244

252

11

11

13

196

81.3

64.4

244

252

11

11

16

190

82.2

250

255

14

14

16

83.4

294

302

12

12

84.5

294

302

12

106

300

305

142

310

105

300x300

350x350

400x400

mm

mm

mm

12.5

106

25

11.5

17.8

131

24

82.1

11.5

17.3

131

27

190

105

9.11

13.6

131

30

13

244

106

12.6

20.3

155

25

12

18

234

108

12.6

19.5

155

30

15

15

18

234

135

10.2

15.6

10

155

33

310

20

20

18

234

181

7.75

11.7

12

155

38

338

351

13

13

13

286

133

13.5

22.0

179

26

106

338

351

13

13

20

272

135

13.5

20.9

179

33

129

344

354

16

16

13

286

165

11.1

17.9

10

179

29

131

344

354

16

16

20

272

167

11.1

17.0

10

179

36

154

350

357

19

19

13

286

196

9.39

15.1

12

179

32

156

350

357

19

19

20

272

198

9.39

14.3

12

179

39

140

388

402

15

15

22

314

178

13.4

20.9

10

204

37

168

394

405

18

18

22

314

214

11.3

17.4

11

204

40

197

400

408

21

21

22

314

251

9.71

15.0

13

204

43

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

b/T

d/t

Dimensions For Detailing


End
Notch
Clearance

61
BEARING PILES
y

Metric units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

Surface
Area
Per
Metre

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x
y-y

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Buckling
Parameter

Torsional
Index

J
cm4

14.3

0.150

39.6

0.828

19.5

0.399

37.1

358

0.829

19.0

0.399

39.5

1039

468

0.827

15.4

0.540

79.0

365

1260

558

0.829

21.9

1.10

56.3

1147

365

1277

560

0.831

21.1

1.10

61.4

7.26

1436

466

1614

716

0.829

17.4

1.44

116

12.9

7.42

1927

642

2199

992

0.828

13.4

2.09

271

9377

14.4

8.39

1642

534

1822

815

0.827

23.5

2.48

81.4

28190

9381

14.4

8.33

1668

535

1851

818

0.829

22.5

2.48

90.3

2.05

34880

11840 14.6

8.48

2028

669

2269

1024

0.826

19.4

3.19

151

131

2.04

35330

11850 14.6

8.43

2054

669

2299

1027

0.828

18.7

3.19

164

154

2.07

42350

14430 14.7

8.57

2420

808

2730

1241

0.826

16.5

3.95

252

156

2.06

42800

14430 14.7

8.53

2446

809

2760

1244

0.827

16.1

3.95

270

140

2.32

48970

16260 16.6

9.55

2524

809

2802

1237

0.830

22.5

5.66

156

168

2.33

59720

19960 16.7

9.65

3031

986

3390

1511

0.828

19.2

7.05

264

197

2.35

70890

23810 16.8

9.75

3545

1167

3992

1794

0.828

16.7

8.55

415

kg/m

m2

cm4

cm4

cm

cm

cm3

cm3

cm3

cm3

200x200

56.2

1.17

4983

1702

8.35

4.88

498

167

565

257

0.826

250x250

63.8

1.45

8703

2938

10.3

6.01

713

233

797

357

64.5

1.45

8787

2939

10.3

5.98

720

233

805

82.2

1.46

11480

3877

10.5

6.09

919

304

83.4

1.75

16640

5514

12.5

7.20

1132

84.5

1.74

16870

5517

12.5

7.16

106

1.76

21540

7106

12.6

142

1.79

29870

9955

105

2.03

27740

106

2.02

129

350x350

400x400

Torsional
Constant

dm6

mm

300x300

Warping
Constant

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

62
BEARING PILES

Bearing Piles

B
r

C
b

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre
DxB
in (mm)

lb/ft

kg/m

Depth
Of
Section

Width
Thickness
Of
Section Flange Web

Root
Depth
Radius Between
Fillet

Area
Ratios For
Of
Local Buckling
Section Flange
Web

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

cm2

b/T

d/t

Dimensions For Detailing


End
Notch
Clearance
C

mm

mm

mm

8x8

30

44.9

200.2

205.9

9.5

9.5

10.2

160.8

57.2

10.8

16.9

108

20

(203x203)

36

53.9

204.0

207.7

11.4

11.3

10.2

160.8

68.7

9.11

14.2

108

22

10x10

42

63.0

247.1

256.6

10.7

10.6

12.7

200.3

80.2

12.0

18.9

133

23

48

71.0

249.7

258.0

12

12

12.7

200.3

90.4

10.8

16.7

133

25

57

85.1

254.3

260.4

14.3

14.4

12.7

200.3

108

9.10

13.9

133

27

12x12

53

78.9

299.3

306.4

11.1

11

15.2

246.7

100

13.8

22.4

158

26

(305x305)

59

88.0

301.7

307.8

12.3

12.4

15.2

246.7

112

12.5

19.9

158

28

(254x254)

13x13
(330x330)

63

93.0

303.3

308.0

13.1

13.1

15.2

246.7

119

11.8

18.8

157

28

64

94.9

303.7

308.7

13.3

13.3

15.2

246.7

121

11.6

18.5

158

29

74

110.0

307.9

310.7

15.4

15.3

15.2

246.7

140

10.1

16.1

10

158

31

84

125.0

311.9

312.3

17.4

17.4

15.2

246.7

159

8.97

14.2

11

157

33

85

126.1

312.3

312.9

17.6

17.5

15.2

246.7

161

8.89

14.1

11

158

33

100

149.1

318.5

316.0

20.7

20.6

15.2

246.7

190

7.63

12.0

12

158

36

121

180.0

326.7

319.7

24.8

24.8

15.2

246.7

229

6.45

9.95

14

157

40

125

186.0

328.3

320.9

25.6

25.5

15.2

246.7

237

6.27

9.67

15

158

41

149

222.9

337.9

325.7

30.4

30.3

15.2

246.7

284

5.36

8.14

17

158

46

60

89.3

318.5

327.7

11.68

11.68

15.2

264.7

113

14.0

22.7

168

27

73

108.6

323.8

330.3

14.35

14.35

15.2

264.7

139

11.5

18.4

168

30

87

129.5

328.9

332.9

16.89

16.89

15.2

264.7

164

9.85

15.7

10

168

32

100

148.8

334.0

335.4

19.43

19.43

15.2

264.7

190

8.63

13.6

12

168

35

14x14 1/2

73

108.9

346.4

371.0

12.9

12.8

15.2

290.2

139

14.4

22.7

189

28

(356x368)

89

133.0

352.0

373.8

15.7

15.6

15.2

290.2

169

11.9

18.6

10

189

31

102

152.0

356.4

376.0

17.9

17.8

15.2

290.2

194

10.5

16.3

11

189

33

117

173.9

361.4

378.5

20.4

20.3

15.2

290.2

221

9.28

14.3

12

189

36

121

180.0

362.9

378.8

21.1

21.1

15.2

290.3

230

8.98

13.8

13

189

36

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

63
BEARING PILES
y

Imperial units
Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre

Surface
Area
Per
metre

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

in (mm)

lb/ft

kg/m

m2

cm4

cm4

Radius
Of
Gyration
Axis Axis
x-x
y-y
cm

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Buckling
Parameter

Torsional
Index

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis Axis
x-x
y-y

cm

cm3

cm3

cm3

cm3

Warping
Constant

Torsional
Constant

dm6

cm4
19.2

8x8

30

44.9

1.19

4100

1384

8.46 4.92

410

134

459

206

0.827

18.6

0.126

(203x203)

36

53.9

1.20

5027

1705

8.55 4.98

493

164

557

252

0.827

15.8

0.158

32.7

10x10

42

63.0

1.48

8861

3016

10.5 6.13

717

235

799

360

0.827

20.5

0.421

34.3

(254x254)

48

71.0

1.49

10070

3439

10.6 6.17

807

267

904

409

0.826

18.4

0.486

48.4

57

85.1

1.50

12290

4216

10.6 6.24

966

324

1092

498

0.825

15.6

0.607

81.8

12x12

53

78.9

1.78

16450

5327

12.8 7.28

1099

348

1218

531

0.832

23.9

1.11

46.9

(305x305)

59

88.0

1.78

18430

5985

12.8 7.31

1221

389

1360

595

0.830

21.6

1.25

64.2

63

93.0

1.79

19690

6387

12.9 7.33

1298

415

1449

635

0.831

20.5

1.34

76.4

64

94.9

1.79

20050

6529

12.9 7.35

1320

423

1474

648

0.830

20.2

1.38

80.0

74

110.0

1.80

23560

7710

13.0 7.42

1531

496

1720

762

0.830

17.7

1.65

122

84

125.0

1.81

27040

8849

13.0 7.46

1734

567

1961

872

0.829

15.8

1.92

177

85

126.1

1.82

27410

9002

13.1 7.49

1755

575

1986

885

0.829

15.7

1.95

182

100

149.1

1.83

33070 10910 13.2 7.58

2076

691

2370 1066

0.828

13.5

2.42

295

121

180.0

1.86

40970 13550 13.4 7.69

2508

847

2897 1313

0.827

11.5

3.09

510

125

186.0

1.86

42610 14140 13.4 7.73

2596

881

3003 1366

0.827

11.1

3.24

560

149

222.9

1.89

52700 17580 13.6 7.87

3119

1079

3653 1680

0.826

9.55

4.16

943

13x13

60

89.3

1.90

20940

6857

13.6 7.79

1315

418

1457

639

0.830

24.3

1.61

57.9

(330x330)

73

108.6

1.91

26200

8628

13.7 7.88

1618

522

1808

800

0.829

20.1

2.07

106

87

129.5

1.93

31430 10400 13.8 7.96

1911

625

2151

959

0.828

17.3

2.53

171

100

148.8

1.94

36860 12240 13.9 8.03

2207

730

2502 1123

0.828

15.2

3.03

260

14x14 1/2

73

108.9

2.13

30630 10990 14.9 8.90

1769

592

1956

903

0.823

24.2

3.06

84.6

(356x368)

89

133.0

2.14

37980 13680 15.0 8.99

2158

732

2406 1119

0.822

20.1

3.87

151

102

152.0

2.16

43970 15880 15.1 9.05

2468

845

2767 1293

0.821

17.8

4.55

223

117

173.9

2.17

51010 18460 15.2 9.13

2823

976

3186 1497

0.821

15.8

5.37

330

121

180.0

2.17

53040 19140 15.2 9.13

2923

1011

3306 1552

0.821

15.3

5.59

367

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

BEARING PILES

64

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

HOT FINISHED ELLIPCON SECTIONS

65

Hot Finished Ellipcon Sections

General
Hot finished ellipcon sections are new and exciting section types. They come in two
shapes, one is an ellipse (ellipcon sections) and the other is half of an ellipse with one
flat side (semi ellipcon sections). Both shapes give the structures very outstanding
architectural looks, and the sections have many structural advantages.
The new elliptical sections are good alternatives to
traditional section types. They have all the properties
of the hot finished structural tubes, which are already
used in many construction works. In addition, the
architects are given full vent to expressing the
structure in creative and exciting architecture, and end
up with something both practical and aesthetic.
For structures with limited space these new sections
might provide smaller column footprints than other
design solutions, increasing the open floor area. Their
special shapes both serve the structural purpose and give continuity in the structure.
For non-symmetric load situations the sections might be more cost efficient than
circular or square hollow sections, because the designer can choose sections with
different stiffness about the two axis, x and y.
As for other hollow sections such as
square, rectangular and circular, the
ellipcon sections have constant external
dimension within the same serial size,
only the thickness is increasing. In other
words, the same column size can be
maintained throughout the full height of
the building, simplifying architectural
details and ensuring economy in
fabrication (See Hot Finished Hollow
Sections).
The tubes are produced according to EN 10210 Part 1 (1994): Technical delivery
requirements for Hot finished hollow sections, and Part 2 (1997): Tolerances,
dimensions and sectional properties. A few points are not included in EN 10210:
- The tolerance on the twist = 4mm +1mm/m length
- The tolerance on the straightness = 0.40% of total
length
- Section properties for the hot ellipcon sections are
not included in EN 10210.
The mechanical
properties of the hollow
sections, calculations of
torsional inertia
constants and torsional
modulus constants are
according to standards
ISO/DIS 657-XIV.
Architect: S. Gresy

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

66
HOT FINISHED ELLIPCON SECTIONS

Ellipcon

x
t

Designation
Size
Thickness

Mass
Per
Metre

Area
Of
Section

kg/m

A
cm2

Second
Moment
Of Inertia

Radius
Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Ix

Iy

rx

ry

Zx

Zy

Sx

Sy

cm4

cm4

cm

cm

cm3

cm3

cm3

cm3

Torsional
Constant

Surface
Area
Per
Metre

hxb

mm

mm

117x60

3.2

6.92

8.58

116

40.5

3.67

2.17

19.8

13.5

27.6

17.2

120

30.0

0.298

8.57

10.6

141

48.8

3.65

2.14

24.1

16.3

33.9

21.1

145

36.0

0.298

149x70

178x90

220x106

248x109

320x160

400x200

480x240

J
cm4

C
cm3

m2/m

10.60

13.1

171

58.4

3.61

2.11

29.2

19.5

41.5

25.6

175

42.7

0.298

12.60

15.6

199

67.1

3.58

2.08

34.0

22.4

48.7

29.9

201

48.7

0.298

16.40

20.2

249

81.8

3.51

2.01

42.6

27.3

62.1

37.6

248

58.8

0.298

10.80

13.3

284

85.9

4.62

2.55

38.1

24.5

53.6

31.3

264

55.3

0.367

13.30

16.4

346

103

4.59

2.51

46.4

29.6

65.8

38.3

319

66.2

0.367

15.90

19.5

405

120

4.55

2.48

54.3

34.2

77.6

44.9

370

76.1

0.367

20.80

25.5

513

148

4.48

2.41

68.9

42.3

99.8

57.0

461

93.2

0.367

10

25.50

31.3

610

172

4.42

2.34

81.8

49.1

120

67.9

539

107

0.367

19.50

24.1

740

250

5.54

3.22

83.2

55.6

117

72.0

749

123

0.451

25.60

31.7

947

315

5.47

3.15

106

69.9

152

92.4

947

154

0.451

10

31.50

39.0

1136

371

5.40

3.09

128

82.4

184

111

1123

179

0.451

24.00

29.6

1388

438

6.85

3.85

126

82.7

177

106

1334

185

0.546

31.60

39.0

1790

556

6.78

3.78

163

105

231

137

1701

234

0.546

10

39.00

48.1

2163

662

6.71

3.71

197

125

282

165

2033

276

0.546

26.60

32.5

1903

519

7.65

4.00

153

95.3

217

121

1635

217

0.596

35.00

42.9

2461

661

7.58

3.93

198

121

283

157

2088

274

0.596

10

43.30

52.9

2983

788

7.51

3.86

241

145

346

190

2501

324

0.596

12

51.40

62.8

3472

901

7.44

3.79

280

165

406

221

2874

369

0.596

47.10

58.3

5877

1978

10.0

5.82

367

247

513

315

5928

553

0.807

10

58.40

72.3

7181

2393

9.97

5.75

449

299

631

385

7192

665

0.807

12

69.60

86.0

8422

2779

9.90

5.69

526

347

745

453

8375

769

0.807

14

80.50

99.4

9604

3137

9.83

5.62

600

392

855

517

9483

863

0.807

59.30

73.4

11690

3966

12.6

7.35

584

397

811

500

11860

890

1.01

10

73.60

91.1

14350

4829

12.5

7.28

717

483

1001

615

14470

1079

1.01

12

87.80

109

16910

5646

12.5

7.21

845

565

1186

726

16960

1257

1.01

14

102.00

126

19370

6416

12.4

7.14

968

642

1366

832

19320

1422

1.01

10

88.90

110

25170

8529

15.1

8.81

1049

711

1457

897

25510

1594

1.21

12

106.00

131

29750

10014

15.1

8.74

1240

835

1730

1062

30010

1865

1.21

14

123.00

152

34190

11432

15.0

8.67

1425

953

1997

1222

34320

2122

1.21

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

67
HOT FINISHED ELLIPCON SECTIONS

Semi Ellipcon

t
y

Designation
Size
Thickness

Mass
Per
Metre

Area
Of
Section
A

Ix

Iy

rx

ry

Zx

Zy

Sx

Sy

kg/m

cm2

cm4

cm4

cm

cm

cm3

cm3

cm3

cm3

cm4

cm3

Second
Moment
Of Inertia

Radius
Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constant

Surface
Area
Per
Metre

hxb

mm

mm

60x60

3.5

5.15

6.56

29.9

26.9

2.14

2.03

8.57

8.97

12.9

12.0

48.5

15.9

39.0

5.82

7.41

33.2

30.0

2.12

2.01

9.56

9.99

14.1

13.5

54.5

17.7

34.4

75x75

90x90

110x110

125x125

160x160

180x180

203x223

225x259

m2/m

7.12

9.07

39.2

35.5

2.08

1.98

11.4

11.8

16.2

16.2

65.7

20.8

28.0

8.35

10.6

44.3

40.3

2.04

1.95

13.0

13.4

17.9

18.7

75.9

23.5

23.7

7.40

9.43

68.0

61.1

2.69

2.54

15.5

16.3

23.6

21.7

109

29.0

34.0

9.09

11.6

81.1

73.1

2.65

2.51

18.7

19.5

27.6

26.3

133

34.5

27.5

10.70

13.7

92.9

84.1

2.61

2.48

21.6

22.4

31.0

30.6

155

39.4

23.2

13.80

17.6

113

103

2.53

2.42

26.6

27.4

35.9

38.3

195

47.7

17.9

8.98

11.4

121

109

3.25

3.08

22.9

24.1

35.4

31.9

193

43.1

33.7

11.10

14.1

146

131

3.21

3.05

27.8

29.1

42.0

38.8

235

51.8

27.2

13.10

16.7

168

152

3.18

3.02

32.3

33.7

47.7

45.4

276

59.6

22.9

17.00

21.6

207

188

3.10

2.95

40.4

41.8

56.8

57.5

350

73.3

17.6

11.10

14.1

227

203

4.01

3.79

35.0

36.9

54.9

48.4

358

66.4

33.5

13.70

17.5

275

247

3.97

3.76

42.7

44.9

65.8

59.3

439

80.3

27.0

16.30

20.7

320

288

3.93

3.73

49.9

52.3

75.7

69.8

517

93.1

22.7

21.20

27.0

401

362

3.86

3.66

63.2

65.8

92.2

89.2

663

116

17.3

15.70

20.0

412

369

4.54

4.30

55.9

59.0

87.2

77.6

651

106

26.9

18.60

23.0

481

431

4.50

4.26

65.6

69.0

101

91.4

769

123

22.5

24.30

31.0

607

546

4.42

4.20

83.6

87.4

124

118

991

155

17.2

10

29.80

38.0

717

649

4.35

4.13

99.9

104

143

142

1197

183

13.9

20.30

25.8

890

794

5.87

5.54

93.9

99.3

149

130

1390

179

26.7

24.20

30.8

1045

935

5.83

5.51

111

117

173

153

1647

210

22.3

31.70

40.4

1335

1198

5.75

5.45

143

150

218

199

2140

267

16.9

10

39.00

49.7

1598

1439

5.67

5.38

172

180

257

242

2606

319

13.7

27.30

34.8

1509

1348

6.59

6.22

142

150

224

196

2365

270

22.3

35.90

45.8

1938

1736

6.51

6.16

183

193

283

255

3083

345

16.9

10

44.30

56.4

2331

2095

6.43

6.09

222

233

336

311

3765

414

13.6

12

52.40

66.7

2692

2427

6.35

6.03

258

270

382

363

4413

477

11.5

32.60

41.5

2354

2448

7.53

7.68

196

220

299

287

3981

385

22.0

42.90

54.7

3037

3170

7.45

7.61

254

284

379

375

5220

497

16.7

10

53.00

67.5

3671

3849

7.37

7.55

310

345

449

459

6413

600

13.4

12

62.80

80.0

4258

4484

7.29

7.48

362

402

511

539

7559

697

11.3

37.20

47.4

3359

3759

8.41

8.90

251

290

383

380

5845

502

21.9

49.10

62.6

4350

4888

8.34

8.84

327

377

487

497

7683

650

16.6

10

60.80

77.4

5279

5957

8.26

8.77

400

460

582

611

9462

789

13.4

12

72.10

91.9

6148

6968

8.18

8.71

469

538

666

719

11180

919

11.2

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

HOT FINISHED ELLIPCON SECTIONS

68

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

SUPER HOT COLUMNS

69

Super Hot Columns

General
In order to assure seismic safety in a steel structure, the seismic input energy has to
be absorbed. This can be done by utilising the deformation capacity in the plastic
range of the principal structural elements such as columns and beams. The important
property of super hot columns allows sufficient deformation capacity after a known
yielding and is used in these key structural elements.
In manufacturing the Super Hot Column, the steel is soaked and heated up to the
austenitic temperature range and hot finished into a square hollow section. This
results in homogenous properties around the whole cross section irrespective of its
position, both in flat plate portions and in corner portions. The material has the
following characteristics:

Uniform hardness, with no work hardening


Excellent elongation capacity, with a maximum yield ratio below 80%
High buckling strength, due to almost no residual stresses and no work
hardening
Excellent fracture toughness, due to no work hardening
Excellent weldability due to no work hardening and almost no residual stresses.

Product specifications
The super hot columns look like square hollow sections but are larger and have
slightly different material properties.
The material for Super Hot Column conforms to JIS G 3106 (1995) Rolled steels for
welded structures (SHC 520B and C) and JIS G 3136 (1994) Rolled steel for building
structures (SHC400B and C, SHC491B and C).

Chemical composition
SHC grade

Material

Thickness
mm

SHC400B

SN400B

SHC400C

SN400C

SHC490B

SN490B

Chemical composition (%, max.)


C

Si

Mn

0.030

0.015

9 t 50

0.20

0.35

0.60-1.40

50< t 60

0.22

0.35

0.60-1.40

0.030

0.015

16 t 50

0.20

0.35

0.60-1.40

0.020

0.008

50< t 60

0.22

0.35

0.60-1.40

0.020

0.008

9 t 50

0.18

0.55

1.60

0.030

0.015

50< t 60

0.20

0.55

1.60

0.030

0.015

16 t 50

0.18

0.55

1.60

0.020

0.008

SHC490C

SN490C

50< t 60

0.20

0.55

1.60

0.020

0.008

SHC520B

SM520B

9 t 60

0.20

0.55

1.60

0.035

0.035

SHC520C

SM520C

9 t 60

0.20

0.55

1.60

0.035

0.035

Table 9 Super Hot Columns: Chemical composition

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

SUPER HOT COLUMNS

70

Mechanical properties
The flat plate portions and the corner portions have homogenous properties.
SHC grade

Yield

Tensile

strength

strength

Yield
ratio

Thickness
SHC400B

Minimum Elongation
Thickness

mm

N/mm2

N/mm2

mm

9 t <12

min. 235

400-510

9 t16

18
22

&

12 t 40

235-355

400-510

min. 80

16< t50

SHC400C

40< t 60

215-335

400-510

min. 80

40< t60

24

SHC490B

9 t <12

min. 325

490-610

9 t16

17

&

12 t 40

325-445

490-610

min. 80

16< t50

21

SHC490C

40< t 60

295-415

490-610

min. 80

40< t60

23

SHC520B

9 t 16

min. 365

520-640

9 t16

15

&

16< t 40

min. 355

520-640

16< t50

19

40< t 60

min. 335

520-640

40< t60

21

SHC520C

Table 10 Super Hot Columns: Mechanical properties

Charpy impact property


The flat plate portions and the corner portions have homogeneous properties.
SHC grade

Test temperature

Charpy impact energy

SHC400B
SHC400C

27J

SHC490B

0 oC

SHC490C
SHC520B

27J

SHC520C

47J

Notes:

For thickness over 12mm only.


Value of Charpy impact energy to be the mean of 3 tests.
Upon purchasers request, the corner portion can be
tested using a no.4 test piece.

Table 11 Super Hot Columns: Charpy impact properties

Manufacturing tolerances
Outside corner radius
Material type
ERW tube

SAW tube

Standard radius

Tolerances

Size range

Thickness range

200 to 300mm

9 to16mm inc.

1.25t

+ 0.5t

350 to 550mm

12 to 25mm inc.

2.0t

+ 0.5t

450 to 800mm

25 to 60mm inc.

2.0t

+ 0.5t

Table 12 Super Hot Columns: Tolerances on outside corner radius

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

SUPER HOT COLUMNS

71

Other tolerances
Item

Tolerances

Side length, B

+ 1.0% of B but not greater than + 3mm

Concavity/convexity

0.5 % of B but not greater than 3mm

Squareness of corners

+ 1o

Length

+20/ -0 mm

Straightness

less than 9m long

1/1500 of total length

9m and longer

1/1250 of total length


1.5B/1000 times the total length in metres

Twist

Thickness

Notes:

9 to 16mm exc.

-0.3mm/ +1.0mm

16 to 25mm exc.

-0.3mm/ +1.2mm

25 to 60mm inc.

-0.3mm/ +1.9mm

1) The flat plate portion is defined as the flat plate away from the corner radius.
2) Concavity, convexity and squareness shall be measured at a position away from any excess weld
metal at the weld location.
3) The straightness tolerance shall be applied to any up and down bend or any right or left bend with
a long pitch.
4) The tolerance on thickness shall be applied to the flat plate portion away from any excess weld
metal at the weld location.

Table 13 Super Hot Columns: Other tolerances

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

72
SUPER HOT COLUMNS

Super Hot Columns

D
y

Electric resistance welded steel tubes


Designation
Mass
Area
Size
Thickness
Per
Of
Metre
Section
DxD
t
A
mm
mm
kg/m
cm 2
200x200
9
53.7
68.4
12
70.3
89.5
16
91.5
117
250x250
9
67.8
86.4
12
89.1
114
16
117
149
300x300
9
81.9
104
12
108
138
16
142
181
350x350
12
124
159
16
163
207
19
190
242
22
217
276
25
242
309
400x400
12
143
183
16
188
239
19
220
280
22
251
320
25
282
359
450x450
12
162
207
16
213
271
19
250
318
22
286
364
25
321
409
500x500
12
181
231
16
238
303
19
280
356
22
320
408
25
360
459
550x550
16
263
335
19
309
394
22
355
452
25
399
509

t
y

Second
Moment
Of Area
I
cm 4
4142
5247
6524
8338
10680
13480
14700
18950
24160
29820
37890
43360
48360
52890
45320
57950
66650
74710
82150
65430
84070
97060
109200
120600
90750
117100
135500
153000
169400
157700
183000
207100
230000

Radius
Of
Gyration
r
cm
7.78
7.65
7.48
9.83
9.70
9.53
11.9
11.7
11.6
13.7
13.5
13.4
13.2
13.1
15.8
15.6
15.4
15.3
15.1
17.8
17.6
17.5
17.3
17.2
19.8
19.6
19.5
19.4
19.2
21.7
21.5
21.4
21.3

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constant

cm 3
414
525
652
667
854
1078
980
1264
1610
1704
2165
2478
2763
3022
2266
2897
3332
3735
4108
2908
3736
4314
4854
5359
3630
4682
5422
6120
6778
5734
6656
7532
8362

cm 3
488
629
799
779
1011
1298
1137
1482
1916
1993
2566
2967
3343
3695
2637
3411
3958
4476
4967
3371
4376
5092
5775
6427
4196
5461
6368
7239
8074
6666
7787
8868
9909

cm 4
6404
8196
10330
12810
16540
21110
22500
29210
37570
47270
61150
70930
80180
88880
71340
92680
107900
122400
136141
102400
133500
155800
177200
197700
141500
184800
216100
246200
275300
247900
290200
331300
371000

cm 3
601
755
929
974
1238
1548
1437
1841
2327
2561
3260
3738
4178
4581
3404
4358
5020
5637
6210
4367
5617
6492
7315
8088
5449
7035
8153
9213
10220
8613
10000
11330
12590

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area
Per Metre
m 2/m
0.781
0.774
0.766
0.981
0.974
0.966
1.18
1.17
1.17
1.36
1.35
1.33
1.32
1.31
1.56
1.55
1.53
1.52
1.51
1.76
1.75
1.73
1.72
1.71
1.96
1.95
1.93
1.92
1.91
2.15
2.13
2.12
2.11

73
SUPER HOT COLUMNS

Super Hot Columns

D
y

Submerged arc welded steel tubes


Designation
Mass
Area
Size
Thickness
Per
Of
Metre
Section
D D
t
A
cm 2
mm
mm
kg/m
450x450
25
321
409
28
355
452
32
399
509
500x500
25
360
459
28
399
508
32
450
573
36
498
635
550x550
25
399
509
28
443
564
32
500
637
36
555
707
40
608
775
600x600
25
439
559
28
487
620
32
550
701
36
611
779
40
671
855
45
743
947
50
813
1036
650x650
25
478
609
28
531
676
32
600
765
36
668
851
40
734
935
45
814
1037
50
891
1136
60
1040
1323
700x700
25
517
659
28
575
732
32
651
829
36
724
923
40
797
1015
45
885
1127
50
970
1236
60
1130
1443
750x750
25
556
709
28
619
788
32
701
893
36
781
995
40
859
1095
45
955
1217
50
1050
1336
60
1230
1563
800x800
25
596
759
28
663
844
32
751
957
36
837
1067
40
922
1175
45
1030
1307
50
1130
1436
60
1320
1683

t
y

Second
Moment
Of Inertia
I
cm 2
120600
131200
144100
169400
184900
204000
221500
230000
251600
278600
303500
326500
303400
332700
369400
403700
435500
472000
504900
391000
429500
478100
523700
566400
615900
661000
739100
494100
543500
606200
665400
721200
786300
846300
951700
613800
676000
755300
830600
901900
985500
1063000
1202000
751500
828500
927100
1021000
1110000
1216000
1314000
1492000

Radius
Of
Gyration
r
cm
17.2
17.0
16.8
19.2
19.1
18.9
18.7
21.3
21.1
20.9
20.7
20.5
23.3
23.2
23.0
22.8
22.6
22.3
22.1
25.3
25.2
25.0
24.8
24.6
24.4
24.1
23.6
27.4
27.2
27.0
26.9
26.7
26.4
26.2
25.7
29.4
29.3
29.1
28.9
28.7
28.5
28.2
27.7
31.5
31.3
31.1
30.9
30.7
30.5
30.3
29.8

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Z
cm 3
5359
5830
6404
6778
7396
8161
8860
8362
9149
10130
11040
11870
10110
11090
12310
13460
14520
15730
16830
12030
13220
14710
16110
17430
18950
20340
22740
14120
15530
17320
19010
20610
22470
24180
27190
16370
18030
20140
22150
24050
26280
28350
32040
18790
20710
23180
25530
27760
30400
32860
37290

S
cm 3
6427
7047
7826
8074
8874
9886
10840
9909
10910
12190
13400
14540
11930
13160
14730
16220
17640
19320
20880
14140
15620
17510
19320
21050
23100
25030
28530
16540
18280
20530
22670
24760
27220
29560
33830
19120
21160
23790
26320
28760
31680
34460
39590
31900
24250
27290
30230
33070
36480
39740
45790

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Torsional
Constant
J
cm 4
197700
217300
242000
275300
303300
338900
372500
371000
409400
458600
505400
549800
486600
537700
603400
666300
726400
797600
864200
623900
690300
775900
858200
937200
1031000
1120000
1282000
784900
869200
978300
1084000
1185000
1307000
1422000
1635000
971300
1077000
1213000
1345000
1473000
1627000
1774000
2046000
1185000
1315000
1483000
1646000
1804000
1995000
2178000
2521000

C
cm 3
8088
8813
9707
10220
11160
12340
13430
12590
13790
15300
16700
18000
15220
16700
18570
20330
21970
23880
25610
18100
19890
22170
24320
26340
28700
30880
34720
21220
23360
26080
28660
31110
33980
36650
41410
24600
27110
30320
33370
36280
39710
42920
48700
28220
31140
34870
38440
41840
45880
49680
56590

Surface
Area
Per Metre
m 2/m
1.71
1.70
1.69
1.91
1.90
1.89
1.88
2.11
2.10
2.09
2.08
2.06
2.31
2.30
2.29
2.28
2.26
2.25
2.23
2.51
2.50
2.49
2.48
2.46
2.45
2.43
2.39
2.71
2.70
2.69
2.68
2.66
2.65
2.63
2.59
2.91
2.90
2.89
2.88
2.86
2.85
2.83
2.79
3.11
3.10
3.09
3.08
3.06
3.05
3.03
2.99

SUPER HOT COLUMNS

74

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

75

Hot Finished Hollow Sections

General
Structural hollow sections make beautiful, efficient structures with a nice continuity.
The hot finished hollow sections - square, rectangular and circular, have constant
external dimension within the same serial size, and only the thickness is increasing. In
other words, the same column size can be maintained throughout the full height of the
building, only changing the thickness, simplifying architectural details and ensuring
economy in fabrication.
When used in compression, as columns, hollow sections are more efficient than other
column types. The resulting reduction in structural weight can be as much as 1 storey
for every 9 storeys built.
Due to their high sectional properties hollow sections provide smaller column footprints
than other design solutions, with increased floor area.
Added together these qualities give an efficient and economic structure.
It has long been the opinion among structural people that for low-rise buildings only
concrete will be economical, but with multi-storey hollow sections steel structures can
compete with concrete. Steel might be more expensive per metric ton, but with the
fabrication and erection time, a lighter structure, labour cost, and easy maintenance
taken into account, a steel structure might give the most economic design.

Comparable specifications
Specification
JIS G 3444 (1994)
ASTM A501 (1996)

Grade
STK400
Shapes

Min. Yield strength

Tensile strength

N/mm2

N/mm2

Charpy V-Notch Impact


Joules

235
250

min. 400
min. 400

BS 4360 (1986)

43C

275

430-580

27

EN 10210 (1994)

S275J0H

275

430-580

27

BS 4360 (1986)

43D

275

430-580

27

-20

EN 10210 (1994)

S275J2H

275

430-580

27

-20

BS 4360 (1986)

43EE

275

430-580

27

-50

Grade I & II
STK500

345
355

min. 485
min. 500

ASTM A618 (1996)


JIS G 3444 (1994)
BS 4360 (1986)

50C

355

490-640

27

EN 10210 (1994)

S355J0H

355

510-680

27

BS 4360 (1986)

50D

355

490-640

27

-20

EN 10210 (1994)

S355J2H

355

510-680

27

-20

BS 4360 (1986)
NORSEC 360 (1991)
JIS G 3444 (1994)
BS 4360 (1986)
Note:

50EE

355

490-640

27

-50

Eqv. 50EE

360

490-630

100

-20

50

-60

STK540
55C

390
450

min. 540
550-700

27

The values are for sections of thickness less than 16mm for BS 4360 and less than 3mm for EN 10025.
BS 4360 (1986): an old, but well known British Standard for weldable structural steels.
EN 10210-1 (1994): European Norms superseding parts of the old BS 4360, see Explanatory notes.
ASTM A501 (1996): standard from American Society for Testing of Materials for hot formed welded and seamless
carbon steels structural tubing.
ASTM A618 (1996): standard from American Society for Testing of Materials for Hot-Formed welded and seamless
high-strength low-alloy structural tubing.
JIS G 3444 (1994): Japanese Industrial Standard for Carbon steel tubes for general structural purposes.
NORSEC 360 (1991): a steel product from British Steel for marine structures in the arctic regions.

Table 14 Hot Finished Hollow Sections: Comparable specifications

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

76

Product specifications
Production of hot finished Structural Hollow Sections has been standardised in EN
10210:1994: "Hot finished structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain
structural steels" Part 1, Grades S235, S275, S355, but other grades and sub-grades
can be supplied, subject to minimum order quantities. Our ex-stock material is
mainly of grade S355J2H. Dimensions, tolerances and sectional properties meet the
requirements of EN 10210:1997: "Hot finished structural hollow sections of non-alloy
and fine grain structural steels", Part 2.

Chemical composition
The chemical composition of hot finished hollow sections are given in EN 10210-1:
1994, Table A.1 and B.1.
When a carbon equivalent value (CEV) is required it shall be determined from the cast
analysis using the formula: CEV = C +

Mn (Cr + Mo + V ) ( Ni + Cu )
+
+
6
5
15

Mechanical properties
The mechanical properties for hot finished sections in accordance with EN 102101:1994, are summarised below.
Designation Minimum Yield strength
ReH in N/mm2

Tensile strength

Min. elongation in %

Test

Impact

Rm in N/mm2

L0=5,65(S0)1/2

temp.

KV

Nominal thickness in mm
t 16 16<t40 40<t65
N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2

Nominal thickness in mm

N/mm2

3<t65
N/mm2

t<3

t40 40<t65 t40 40<t65


Longitudinal Transverse

S235JRH

235

225

215

360-510

340-470

26

25

24

23

20

27

S275J0H

275

265

255

430-580

410-560

22

21

20

19

27

-20

27

27

-20

27

S275J2H
S355J0H

355

345

335

510-680

490-630

22

21

20

19

S355J2H

Table 15 Hot Finished Hollow Sections: Mechanical properties

Tensile test
The tensile strength, yield strength and elongation are determined from standard test
pieces, which may be the full section of the product or longitudinal or transverse strip
specimen. The location of strip test pieces should be away from the weld, for circular
hollow sections, and midway between corners on a side not affected by the weld, for
square and rectangular hollow sections.
The requirements of EN 10002-1: "Metallic materials - Tensile testing - Method of test
(at ambient temperature)", shall apply.

Charpy V-notch impact test


The test pieces for impact testing shall be taken longitudinally or transverse from the
test object. The location of strip test pieces should be away from the weld, for circular
hollow sections, and midway between corners on a side not affected by the weld, for
square and rectangular hollow sections.
Where thickness permits, standard specimens 10x10mm in cross-section are cut
longitudinally or transverse from the section and a 2mm deep V-notch accurately
machined into one face. The specimens, in accordance with EN 10045-1: "Metallic

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

77

materials - Charpy impact test - Test method", are tested at the required temperature
according to grade.
If the nominal product thickness is not sufficient for the preparation of standard test
pieces (12mm), the test shall be carried out using test pieces of width less than
10mm, but not less than 5mm.

Manufacturing tolerances
Hot finished structural hollow sections are manufactured according to EN 10210: 1994,
Part 2, and the rolling tolerances are as shown in Table 16 below.
Characteristic

Circular hollow sections

Square and rectangular hollow


sections

Outside dimensions

1% with a minimum of 0,5mm and a


maximum of 10mm

1% with a minimum of 0,5mm

(D, B, H)

-10% 1) 2)

Thickness (T)
Out-of-roundness (O)

2% for hollow sections having a diameter


to thickness ratio not exceeding 100 3)

Concavity/convexity 4)

1%

Squareness of side

901

External corner profile


(C1, C2 or R) 5)

Maximum 3T at each corner

Twist (V) (see drawing


under)

2mm plus 0,5mm/m length

Straightness

0,2% of total length

Mass (M)

6% on individual lengths 6)

Type of length measure

Length

Tolerances

Random length

4 000 to 16 000 with a range of 2000 per


order item

10% of sections supplied may be


below the minimum for the ordered
range, but not less than 75% of the
minimum of the range

Approximate length

4 000 to 16 000

500mm

Exact length

2 000 to 6 000

+10/-0 mm

6 000

+15/-0 mm

Notes:

1) The positive deviation is limited by the tolerance on mass.


2) For seamless sections the tolerance for the thickness is: thickness less than 10% but not less than
12,5% of the nominal thickness may occur in the smooth transition areas, but not over more than 22,5% of
the circumference.
3) Where the diameter to thickness ratio exceeds 100mm the tolerance on out-of-roundness shall be
agreed.
4) The tolerance on concavity and convexity are independent of the tolerance on the outside dimensions.
5) The sides need not be tangential to the corner arcs.
6) The positive tolerance on the mass of seamless hollow sections shall be 8%.

Table 16 Hot Finished Hollow Sections: Manufacturing tolerances

All external dimensions, including out-of-roundness, shall be measured at a distance


from the end of the hollow section of not less than D for circular sections, B for square
sections and H for rectangular sections, with a minimum of 100mm.
D= diameter
B= width
H= height
R= outer corner radius
C1 and C2= see drawing under.
V= see drawing under.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

78

The thickness T of welded sections shall be measured at a position not less than 2T
from the weld.

Figure 7 Twist of square or rectangular hollow sections


5 mm*

C1

C2
B
5 mm*

B
or
H

* This dimension is a maximum when measuring B or H,


and a minimum when measuring T.

Figure 8 How to measure cross-sectional dimensions of hollow sections

Other specifications
Hot finished structural hollow sections are also supplied to other international
standards and National specifications, see Table 14 on first page of this chapter.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

79
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Circular

D
y

x
t

Designation
Outside Thickness
Diameter
D
t
mm
21.3
26.9
33.7

42.4

48.3

60.3

76.1

mm
2.3
3.2
2.3
3.2
2.6
2.9
3.0
3.2
4.0
5.0
2.6
2.9
3.0
3.2
3.6
4.0
5.0
6.3
8.0
2.5
2.6
2.9
3.0
3.2
4.0
5.0
6.3
8.0
2.5
2.6
3.0
3.2
4.0
5.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
2.5
2.6
3.0
3.2
4.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0

*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

Mass
Per
Metre

Area
Of
Section
A

Second
Moment
Of Inertia
I

Radius
Of
Gyration
r

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Surface
Area Per
Metre

kg/m
1.08
1.43
1.40
1.87
1.99
2.20
2.27
2.41
2.93
3.54
2.55
2.82
2.91
3.09
3.44
3.79
4.61
5.61
6.79
2.82
2.93
3.25
3.35
3.56
4.37
5.34
6.53
7.95
3.56
3.70
4.24
4.51
5.55
6.82
8.39
10.32
12.40
4.54
4.71
5.41
5.75
7.11
8.77
10.37
10.84
13.44
16.30
18.97

cm2
1.37
1.82
1.78
2.38
2.54
2.81
2.89
3.07
3.73
4.51
3.25
3.60
3.71
3.94
4.39
4.83
5.87
7.14
8.65
3.60
3.73
4.14
4.27
4.53
5.57
6.80
8.31
10.1
4.54
4.71
5.40
5.74
7.07
8.69
10.7
13.1
15.8
5.78
6.00
6.89
7.33
9.06
11.2
13.2
13.8
17.1
20.8
24.2

cm4
0.629
0.768
1.36
1.70
3.09
3.36
3.44
3.60
4.19
4.78
6.46
7.06
7.25
7.62
8.33
8.99
10.5
12.0
13.5
9.46
9.78
10.7
11.0
11.6
13.8
16.2
18.7
21.4
19.0
19.7
22.2
23.5
28.2
33.5
39.5
46.0
52.0
39.2
40.6
46.1
48.8
59.1
70.9
81.8
84.8
101
116
128

cm
0.677
0.650
0.874
0.846
1.10
1.09
1.09
1.08
1.06
1.03
1.41
1.40
1.40
1.39
1.38
1.36
1.33
1.30
1.25
1.62
1.62
1.61
1.61
1.60
1.57
1.54
1.50
1.45
2.05
2.04
2.03
2.02
2.00
1.96
1.92
1.87
1.81
2.60
2.60
2.59
2.58
2.55
2.52
2.49
2.48
2.42
2.36
2.31

cm3
0.590
0.722
1.01
1.27
1.84
1.99
2.04
2.14
2.49
2.84
3.05
3.33
3.42
3.59
3.93
4.24
4.93
5.66
6.36
3.92
4.05
4.43
4.55
4.80
5.70
6.69
7.76
8.85
6.30
6.52
7.37
7.78
9.34
11.1
13.1
15.3
17.2
10.3
10.7
12.1
12.8
15.5
18.6
21.5
22.3
26.4
30.5
33.8

cm3
0.834
1.06
1.40
1.81
2.52
2.76
2.84
2.99
3.55
4.16
4.12
4.53
4.67
4.93
5.44
5.92
7.04
8.29
9.64
5.25
5.44
5.99
6.17
6.52
7.87
9.42
11.2
13.2
8.36
8.66
9.86
10.4
12.7
15.3
18.5
22.1
25.6
13.5
14.1
16.0
17.0
20.8
25.3
29.6
30.8
37.3
44.0
49.9

cm4
1.26
1.54
2.71
3.41
6.19
6.71
6.88
7.21
8.38
9.57
12.9
14.1
14.5
15.2
16.7
18.0
20.9
24.0
27.0
18.9
19.6
21.4
22.0
23.2
27.5
32.3
37.5
42.7
38.0
39.3
44.4
46.9
56.3
67.0
79.0
92.0
104
78.4
81.2
92.2
97.6
118
142
164
170
201
232
257

cm3
1.18
1.44
2.02
2.53
3.67
3.98
4.08
4.28
4.97
5.68
6.10
6.66
6.84
7.19
7.86
8.48
9.86
11.3
12.7
7.83
8.10
8.86
9.11
9.59
11.4
13.4
15.5
17.7
12.6
13.0
14.7
15.6
18.7
22.2
26.2
30.5
34.5
20.6
21.3
24.2
25.6
31.0
37.3
43.0
44.6
52.9
61.0
67.5

Torsional
Constants

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

m2/m
0.0669
0.0669
0.0845
0.0845
0.106
0.106
0.106
0.106
0.106
0.106
0.133
0.133
0.133
0.133
0.133
0.133
0.133
0.133
0.133
0.152
0.152
0.152
0.152
0.152
0.152
0.152
0.152
0.152
0.189
0.189
0.189
0.189
0.189
0.189
0.189
0.189
0.189
0.239
0.239
0.239
0.239
0.239
0.239
0.239
0.239
0.239
0.239
0.239

80
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Circular

D
y

x
t

Designation
Outside Thickness
Diameter
D
t
mm
88.9

101.6

114.3

139.7

mm
2.5
3.0
3.2
3.6
4.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0
3.6
5.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0
3.0
3.2
3.6
4.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0
16.0
3.2
3.6
4.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

Mass
Per
Metre

Area
Of
Section
A

Second
Moment
Of Inertia
I

Radius
Of
Gyration
r

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Surface
Area Per
Metre

kg/m
5.33
6.36
6.76
7.57
8.38
10.35
12.27
12.83
15.96
19.46
22.76
25.86
8.70
11.91
14.81
18.47
22.59
26.52
30.24
8.23
8.77
9.83
10.88
13.48
16.03
16.78
20.97
25.72
30.27
34.63
38.79
10.77
12.08
13.39
16.61
19.78
20.73
25.98
31.99
37.79
43.40

cm2
6.79
8.10
8.62
9.65
10.7
13.2
15.6
16.3
20.3
24.8
29.0
32.9
11.1
15.2
18.9
23.5
28.8
33.8
38.5
10.5
11.2
12.5
13.9
17.2
20.4
21.4
26.7
32.8
38.6
44.1
49.4
13.7
15.4
17.1
21.2
25.2
26.4
33.1
40.7
48.1
55.3

cm4
63.4
74.8
79.2
87.9
96.3
116
135
140
168
196
220
239
133
177
215
260
305
345
379
163
172
192
211
257
300
313
379
450
511
566
613
320
357
393
481
564
589
720
862
990
1105

cm
3.06
3.04
3.03
3.02
3.00
2.97
2.94
2.93
2.87
2.81
2.75
2.69
3.47
3.42
3.38
3.32
3.26
3.20
3.14
3.94
3.93
3.92
3.90
3.87
3.83
3.82
3.77
3.70
3.64
3.58
3.52
4.83
4.81
4.80
4.77
4.73
4.72
4.66
4.60
4.53
4.47

cm3
14.3
16.8
17.8
19.8
21.7
26.2
30.4
31.5
37.8
44.1
49.4
53.8
26.2
34.9
42.3
51.1
60.1
67.9
74.6
28.4
30.2
33.6
36.9
45.0
52.5
54.7
66.4
78.7
89.5
99.0
107
45.8
51.1
56.2
68.8
80.8
84.3
103
123
142
158

cm3
18.7
22.1
23.5
26.2
28.9
35.2
41.3
43.1
52.5
62.6
71.5
79.5
34.6
46.7
57.3
70.3
84.2
96.9
108
37.2
39.5
44.1
48.7
59.8
70.4
73.6
90.6
109
126
142
156
59.6
66.7
73.7
90.8
107
112
139
169
196
222

cm4
127
150
158
176
193
233
270
280
336
392
439
478
266
355
430
519
611
690
758
325
345
384
422
514
600
625
759
899
1023
1131
1225
640
713
786
961
1129
1177
1441
1724
1980
2211

cm3
28.5
33.6
35.6
39.5
43.3
52.4
60.7
63.1
75.6
88.2
98.8
108
52.5
69.9
84.7
102
120
136
149
56.9
60.4
67.2
73.9
89.9
105
109
133
157
179
198
214
91.6
102
112
138
162
169
206
247
283
317

Torsional
Constants

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

m2/m
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.319
0.319
0.319
0.319
0.319
0.319
0.319
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.439
0.439
0.439
0.439
0.439
0.439
0.439
0.439
0.439
0.439

81
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Circular

D
y

x
t

Designation
Outside Thickness
Diameter
D
t
mm
168.3

177.8

193.7

219.1

mm
3.2
3.6
4.0
4.5
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
14.0
4.5
5.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0
3.6
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
14.0
16.0
3.6
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
14.2
16.0
20.0

*
*
*

*
*

*
*

*
*

Mass
Per
Metre

Area
Of
Section
A

Second
Moment
Of Inertia
I

Radius
Of
Gyration
r

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Surface
Area Per
Metre

kg/m
13.03
14.62
16.21
18.18
20.14
24.02
25.17
31.63
39.04
46.26
48.03
53.27
19.23
21.31
26.65
33.50
41.38
49.07
56.55
16.88
23.27
27.77
29.12
36.64
45.30
53.77
55.86
62.04
70.12
19.13
26.40
31.53
33.06
41.65
51.57
61.29
63.69
71.75
80.14
98.20

cm2
16.6
18.6
20.6
23.2
25.7
30.6
32.1
40.3
49.7
58.9
61.2
67.9
24.5
27.1
33.9
42.7
52.7
62.5
72.0
21.5
29.6
35.4
37.1
46.7
57.7
68.5
71.2
79.0
89.3
24.4
33.6
40.2
42.1
53.1
65.7
78.1
81.1
91.4
102
125

cm4
566
632
697
777
856
1009
1053
1297
1564
1810
1868
2036
920
1014
1250
1541
1862
2159
2434
972
1320
1560
1630
2016
2442
2839
2934
3210
3554
1415
1928
2282
2386
2960
3598
4200
4345
4820
5297
6261

cm
5.84
5.82
5.81
5.79
5.78
5.74
5.73
5.67
5.61
5.54
5.53
5.48
6.13
6.11
6.07
6.01
5.94
5.88
5.81
6.72
6.67
6.64
6.63
6.57
6.50
6.44
6.42
6.37
6.31
7.62
7.57
7.54
7.53
7.47
7.40
7.33
7.32
7.26
7.20
7.07

cm3
67.2
75.1
82.8
92.4
102
120
125
154
186
215
222
242
104
114
141
173
209
243
274
100
136
161
168
208
252
293
303
331
367
129
176
208
218
270
328
383
397
440
483
572

cm3
87.2
97.7
108
121
133
158
165
206
251
294
304
334
135
149
185
231
282
330
377
130
178
211
221
276
338
397
411
453
507
167
229
273
285
357
438
515
534
597
661
795

cm4
1131
1264
1394
1554
1712
2017
2107
2595
3128
3620
3737
4073
1841
2028
2499
3083
3724
4318
4868
1943
2640
3119
3260
4031
4883
5678
5869
6419
7109
2830
3856
4564
4772
5919
7197
8400
8689
9640
10590
12520

cm3
134
150
166
185
203
240
250
308
372
430
444
484
207
228
281
347
419
486
548
201
273
322
337
416
504
586
606
663
734
258
352
417
436
540
657
767
793
880
967
1143

Torsional
Constants

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

m2/m
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.559
0.559
0.559
0.559
0.559
0.559
0.559
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688

82
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Circular

D
y

x
t

Designation
Outside Thickness
Diameter
D
t
mm
244.5

273

323.9

355.6

mm
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
14.0
14.2
16.0
20.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
14.0
14.2
16.0
20.0
25.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
14.0
14.2
16.0
20.0
25.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
14.0
14.2
16.0
20.0
25.0

*
*
*

*
*

*
*

*
*

Mass
Per
Metre

Area
Of
Section
A

Second
Moment
Of Inertia
I

Radius
Of
Gyration
r

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Surface
Area Per
Metre

kg/m
29.53
35.29
37.01
46.66
57.83
68.81
71.52
79.58
80.65
90.16
110.73
33.05
39.51
41.44
52.28
64.86
77.24
80.30
89.42
90.63
101.41
124.79
152.90
39.32
47.04
49.34
62.32
77.41
92.30
95.99
107.00
108.45
121.49
149.89
184.28
51.73
54.27
68.58
85.23
101.68
105.77
117.94
119.56
134.00
165.53
203.83

cm2
37.6
45.0
47.1
59.4
73.7
87.7
91.1
101
103
115
141
42.1
50.3
52.8
66.6
82.6
98.4
102
114
115
129
159
195
50.1
59.9
62.9
79.4
98.6
118
122
136
138
155
191
235
65.9
69.1
87.4
109
130
135
150
152
171
211
260

cm4
2699
3199
3346
4160
5073
5938
6147
6758
6837
7533
8957
3781
4487
4696
5852
7154
8396
8697
9580
9695
10710
12800
15130
6369
7572
7929
9910
12160
14320
14850
16400
16600
18390
22140
26400
10070
10550
13200
16220
19140
19850
21950
22230
24660
29790
35680

cm
8.47
8.43
8.42
8.37
8.30
8.23
8.21
8.16
8.16
8.10
7.97
9.48
9.44
9.43
9.37
9.31
9.24
9.22
9.17
9.16
9.10
8.97
8.81
11.3
11.2
11.2
11.2
11.1
11.0
11.0
11.0
11.0
10.9
10.8
10.6
12.4
12.4
12.3
12.2
12.2
12.1
12.1
12.1
12.0
11.9
11.7

cm3
221
262
274
340
415
486
503
553
559
616
733
277
329
344
429
524
615
637
702
710
784
938
1108
393
468
490
612
751
884
917
1012
1025
1136
1367
1630
566
593
742
912
1076
1117
1235
1250
1387
1676
2007

cm3
287
341
358
448
550
649
673
745
754
837
1011
359
428
448
562
692
818
849
940
952
1058
1283
1543
509
606
636
799
986
1168
1213
1345
1363
1518
1850
2239
733
769
967
1195
1417
1472
1635
1656
1847
2255
2738

cm4
5397
6397
6692
8321
10150
11880
12300
13520
13670
15070
17910
7562
8974
9392
11700
14310
16790
17400
19160
19390
21410
25600
30250
12740
15150
15860
19820
24320
28640
29690
32790
33200
36780
44280
52800
20140
21090
26400
32450
38280
39700
43900
44460
49330
59580
71350

cm3
441
523
547
681
830
972
1006
1106
1119
1232
1465
554
657
688
857
1048
1230
1274
1404
1421
1569
1875
2216
787
935
979
1224
1501
1768
1833
2025
2050
2271
2734
3260
1133
1186
1485
1825
2153
2233
2469
2500
2774
3351
4013

Torsional
Constants

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

m2/m
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12

83
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Circular

D
y

x
t

Designation
Outside Thickness
Diameter
D
t
mm
406.4

457

508

mm
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
14.0
14.2
16.0
20.0
25.0
32.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
14.2
16.0
20.0
25.0
32.0
40.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
14.2
16.0
20.0
25.0
32.0
40.0
50.0

*
*

Mass
Per
Metre

Area
Of
Section
A

Second
Moment
Of Inertia
I

Radius
Of
Gyration
r

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Surface
Area Per
Metre

kg/m
59.25
62.16
78.60
97.76
116.72
121.43
135.48
137.35
154.05
190.58
235.15
295.46
70.02
88.58
110.24
131.69
137.03
155.07
174.01
215.54
266.34
335.40
411.35
77.95
98.65
122.81
146.79
152.75
172.93
194.14
240.70
297.79
375.64
461.66
564.75

cm2
75.5
79.2
100
125
149
155
173
175
196
243
300
376
89.2
113
140
168
175
198
222
275
339
427
524
99.3
126
156
187
195
220
247
307
379
479
588
719

cm4
15130
15850
19870
24480
28940
30030
33260
33690
37450
45430
54700
66430
22650
28450
35090
41560
43150
48460
53960
65680
79420
97010
114900
31250
39280
48520
57540
59760
67200
74910
91430
110900
136100
162200
190900

cm
14.2
14.1
14.1
14.0
14.0
13.9
13.9
13.9
13.8
13.7
13.5
13.3
15.9
15.9
15.8
15.7
15.7
15.7
15.6
15.5
15.3
15.1
14.8
17.7
17.7
17.6
17.5
17.5
17.5
17.4
17.3
17.1
16.9
16.6
16.3

cm3
745
780
978
1205
1424
1478
1637
1658
1843
2236
2692
3269
991
1245
1536
1819
1888
2121
2361
2874
3475
4246
5031
1230
1546
1910
2265
2353
2646
2949
3600
4367
5360
6385
7515

cm3
962
1009
1270
1572
1867
1940
2157
2185
2440
2989
3642
4497
1280
1613
1998
2377
2470
2785
3113
3822
4671
5791
6977
1586
2000
2480
2953
3070
3463
3874
4766
5837
7261
8782
10530

cm4
30260
31700
39750
48950
57870
60060
66520
67370
74900
90860
109400
132900
45310
56890
70180
83110
86290
96930
107900
131400
158800
194000
229900
62490
78560
97040
115100
119500
134400
149800
182900
221800
272300
324400
381800

cm3
1489
1560
1956
2409
2848
2956
3274
3315
3686
4472
5384
6539
1983
2490
3071
3637
3776
4242
4723
5749
6951
8491
10060
2460
3093
3820
4530
4705
5291
5898
7199
8734
10720
12770
15030

Torsional
Constants

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

m2/m
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60

84
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Square

D
y

t
y

Designation
Thickness
Size
DxD

mm
20x20

mm
2
2.5
2
2.5
3
3.2
2.5
3
3.2
4
6
2.5
3
3.2
4
5
4
5
2.5
3
3.2
4
5
6
6.3
3
3.2
4
5
6
6.3
8
10
3
3.6
5
6
6.3
8
3.2
4
5
6
6.3
8
3
3.6
5
6
6.3
8

25x25

30x30

35x35
40x40

45x45
50x50

60x60

70x70

75x75

80x80

*
*
*

*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Mass
Per
Metre
kg/m cm
1.12
1.35
1.41
1.74
2.00
2.15
2.14
2.47
2.65
3.76
5.16
2.92
3.45
3.66
4.46
5.40
5.01
6.07
3.71
4.39
4.66
5.72
6.97
8.15
8.49
5.39
5.67
6.97
8.54
10.00
10.50
12.80
14.90
6.28
7.46
10.10
11.90
12.50
15.30
7.25
8.93
11.00
12.90
13.50
16.60
7.18
8.59
11.70
13.80
14.40
17.80

Area
Of
Section
A

Second
Moment
Of Area
I

Radius
Of
Gyration
r

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

cm2
1.40
1.68
1.80
2.18
2.54
2.68
2.68
3.14
3.32
4.79
6.57
3.68
4.34
4.60
5.59
6.73
6.39
7.73
4.68
5.54
5.88
7.19
8.73
10.2
10.6
6.74
7.16
8.79
10.7
12.6
13.1
16.0
18.9
7.94
9.42
12.7
15.0
15.6
19.2
9.08
11.2
13.7
16.2
16.9
20.8
9.14
10.9
14.7
17.4
18.1
22.4

cm4
0.739
0.835
1.56
1.81
2.00
2.06
3.33
3.74
3.89
7.48
8.81
8.54
9.78
10.2
11.8
13.4
17.6
20.1
17.5
20.2
21.2
25.0
28.9
32.0
32.8
36.2
38.2
45.4
53.3
59.9
61.6
69.7
75.5
59.0
68.6
88.5
101
104
120
77.5
93.2
111
126
131
152
89.8
105
137
156
162
189

cm
0.727
0.705
0.932
0.909
0.886
0.877
1.11
1.09
1.08
1.25
1.16
1.52
1.50
1.49
1.45
1.41
1.66
1.61
1.93
1.91
1.90
1.86
1.82
1.77
1.76
2.32
2.31
2.27
2.23
2.18
2.17
2.09
2.00
2.73
2.70
2.64
2.59
2.58
2.50
2.92
2.89
2.84
2.80
2.78
2.71
3.13
3.11
3.05
3.00
2.99
2.91

cm3
0.739
0.835
1.25
1.44
1.60
1.65
2.22
2.50
2.59
4.28
5.03
4.27
4.89
5.11
5.91
6.68
7.82
8.95
6.99
8.08
8.49
9.99
11.6
12.8
13.1
12.1
12.7
15.1
17.8
20.0
20.5
23.2
25.2
16.9
19.6
25.3
28.7
29.7
34.2
20.7
24.8
29.6
33.7
34.9
40.5
22.5
26.2
34.2
39.1
40.5
47.3

cm3
0.930
1.08
1.53
1.82
2.06
2.15
2.74
3.14
3.29
5.47
6.91
5.14
5.97
6.28
7.44
8.66
9.71
11.41
8.29
9.70
10.2
12.3
14.5
16.5
17.0
14.3
15.2
18.3
21.9
25.1
26.0
30.4
34.4
19.9
23.3
30.8
35.5
36.9
43.8
24.3
29.6
35.8
41.4
43.0
51.3
26.3
31.0
41.1
47.8
49.7
59.5

cm4
1.22
1.41
2.52
2.97
3.35
3.48
5.40
6.16
6.44
12.5
15.4
13.6
15.7
16.5
19.5
22.5
28.7
33.5
27.5
32.1
33.8
40.4
47.6
53.6
55.2
56.9
60.2
72.5
86.4
98.6
102
118
131
92
108
142
163
169
200
121
147
177
204
212
252
140
164
217
252
262
312

cm3
1.07
1.20
1.81
2.08
2.30
2.37
3.22
3.60
3.74
6.16
7.19
6.22
7.10
7.42
8.54
9.60
11.3
12.9
10.2
11.8
12.4
14.5
16.7
18.4
18.8
17.7
18.6
22.0
25.7
28.8
29.6
33.4
36.0
24.8
28.7
36.8
41.6
42.9
49.2
30.3
36.3
43.0
48.9
50.5
58.4
33.0
38.5
49.8
56.8
58.7
68.3

* Sizes not included in EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area
Per Metre
m2/m
0.0748
0.0736
0.0948
0.0936
0.0923
0.0918
0.114
0.112
0.112
0.130
0.125
0.154
0.152
0.152
0.150
0.147
0.170
0.167
0.194
0.192
0.192
0.190
0.187
0.185
0.184
0.232
0.232
0.230
0.227
0.225
0.224
0.219
0.214
0.272
0.271
0.267
0.265
0.264
0.259
0.292
0.290
0.287
0.285
0.284
0.279
0.312
0.311
0.307
0.305
0.304
0.299

85
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Square

D
y

t
y

Designation
Size
Thickness
DxD

mm
90x90

mm
3.6
5
6
6.3
8
4
5
6
6.3
8
10
5
6
6.3
8
10
12.5
5
6
8
10
12.5
5
6
6.3
8
10
12.5
16
12.5
16
6
6.3
8
10
12.5
16
5
6
6.3
8
10
12.5
16
5
6
8
10
12
14

100x100

120x120

140x140

150x150

160x160
180x180

200x200

220x220

Mass
Per
Metre
kg/m cm
9.72
13.30
15.70
16.40
20.40
12.00
14.80
17.60
18.40
22.90
27.90
18.00
21.30
22.30
27.90
34.20
41.60
21.10
25.10
32.90
40.40
49.50
22.70
27.00
28.30
35.40
43.60
52.40
66.40
57.30
70.20
32.60
34.20
43.00
53.00
65.20
81.40
30.50
36.40
38.20
48.00
59.30
73.00
91.50
33.50
40.00
52.70
65.10
77.20
88.90

Area
Of
Section
A

Second
Moment
Of Area
I

Radius
Of
Gyration
r

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

cm2
12.3
16.7
19.8
20.7
25.6
15.2
18.7
22.2
23.2
28.8
34.9
22.7
27.0
28.2
35.2
42.9
52.1
26.7
31.8
41.6
50.9
62.1
28.7
34.2
35.8
44.8
54.9
67.1
83.0
72.1
89.4
41.4
43.3
54.4
66.9
82.1
102
38.7
46.2
48.4
60.8
74.9
92.1
115
42.7
51.0
67.2
82.9
98.3
113

cm4
152
200
230
238
281
232
279
323
336
400
462
498
579
603
726
852
982
807
944
1195
1416
1653
1002
1174
1223
1491
1773
2080
2430
2576
3028
2077
2168
2661
3193
3790
4504
2445
2883
3011
3709
4471
5336
6394
3281
3875
5002
6050
7023
7922

cm
3.52
3.45
3.41
3.40
3.32
3.91
3.86
3.82
3.80
3.73
3.64
4.68
4.63
4.62
4.55
4.46
4.34
5.50
5.45
5.36
5.27
5.16
5.90
5.86
5.85
5.77
5.68
5.57
5.41
5.98
5.82
7.09
7.07
7.00
6.91
6.80
6.64
7.95
7.90
7.89
7.81
7.72
7.61
7.46
8.76
8.72
8.63
8.54
8.45
8.36

cm3
33.8
44.4
51.1
53.0
62.6
46.4
55.9
64.6
67.1
79.9
92.4
83.0
96.6
100
121
142
164
115
135
171
202
236
134
156
163
199
236
277
324
322
379
231
241
296
355
421
500
245
288
301
371
447
534
639
298
352
455
550
638
720

cm3
39.7
53.0
61.8
64.3
77.6
54.4
66.4
77.6
80.9
98.2
116
97.6
115
120
146
175
207
135
159
204
246
293
156
184
192
237
286
342
411
395
476
269
281
349
424
511
621
283
335
350
436
531
643
785
344
408
532
650
762
868

cm4
237
316
367
382
459
361
439
513
534
646
761
777
911
950
1160
1382
1623
1253
1475
1892
2272
2696
1550
1828
1909
2351
2832
3375
4026
4158
4988
3215
3361
4162
5048
6070
7343
3756
4449
4653
5778
7031
8491
10340
5028
5963
7765
9473
11090
12620

cm3
49.7
64.8
74.3
77.0
90.5
68.2
81.8
94.3
97.8
116
133
122
141
147
176
206
236
170
198
249
294
342
197
230
240
291
344
402
467
467
546
340
355
434
518
613
724
362
426
444
545
655
778
927
442
521
669
807
933
1049

* Sizes not included in EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)


+ Seamless process

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area
Per Metre
m2/m
0.351
0.347
0.345
0.344
0.339
0.390
0.387
0.385
0.384
0.379
0.374
0.467
0.465
0.464
0.459
0.454
0.448
0.547
0.545
0.539
0.534
0.528
0.587
0.585
0.584
0.579
0.574
0.568
0.559
0.608
0.599
0.705
0.704
0.699
0.694
0.688
0.679
0.787
0.785
0.784
0.779
0.774
0.768
0.759
0.867
0.865
0.859
0.854
0.849
0.844

86
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Square

D
y

t
y

Designation
Size
Thickness
DxD

mm
250x250

mm
6
6.3
8
10
12.5
16
6
6.3
8
10
12
12.5
14
14.2
16
6.3
8
9
10
12
12.5
16
6
8
10
12
12.5
14
14.2
16
19
22
25
8
10
12
12.5
14
14.2
16
20
22
25
12
16
19
22
25
28
32

260x260

300x300

350x350

400x400

450x450

*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
#
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Mass
Per
Metre
kg/m cm
45.80
48.10
60.50
75.00
92.60
117.00
47.60
49.90
62.80
77.70
92.20
95.80
106.00
108.00
120.00
57.95
73.10
81.93
90.70
107.97
112.00
142.00
64.50
85.70
106.00
127.00
132.00
146.00
148.00
167.00
190.00
217.00
242.00
97.90
122.00
145.00
152.00
168.00
170.00
192.00
237.00
251.00
282.00
162.00
213.00
250.00
286.00
321.00
355.00
399.00

Area
Of
Section
A

Second
Moment
Of Area
I

Radius
Of
Gyration
r

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

cm2
58.2
61.0
76.8
94.9
117
147
60.6
63.5
80.0
98.9
117
122
136
137
153
73.6
92.8
104
115
137
142
179
82.2
109
135
161
167
186
189
211
248
283
318
125
155
185
192
214
217
243
300
327
368
209
275
324
371
418
464
524

cm4
5752
6014
7455
9055
10920
13270
6491
6788
8423
10240
11950
12370
13560
13710
15060
10550
13130
14600
16030
18780
19440
23850
16170
21130
25880
30440
31540
34790
35210
38940
44820
50270
55320
31860
39130
46130
47840
52870
53530
59340
71540
77260
85380
66460
85860
99540
112500
124700
136300
150700

cm
9.94
9.93
9.86
9.77
9.66
9.50
10.4
10.3
10.3
10.2
10.1
10.1
10.0
9.99
9.91
12.0
11.9
11.9
11.8
11.7
11.7
11.5
14.0
13.9
13.9
13.8
13.7
13.7
13.7
13.6
13.5
13.3
13.2
16.0
15.9
15.8
15.8
15.7
15.7
15.6
15.4
15.4
15.2
17.8
17.7
17.5
17.4
17.3
17.1
17.0

cm3
460
481
596
724
873
1061
499
522
648
788
920
951
1043
1055
1159
703
875
973
1068
1252
1296
1590
924
1207
1479
1739
1802
1988
2012
2225
2561
2873
3161
1593
1956
2306
2392
2643
2676
2967
3577
3863
4269
2954
3816
4424
5000
5544
6058
6696

cm3
531
556
694
851
1037
1280
576
603
753
924
1087
1127
1244
1259
1394
809
1013
1130
1246
1470
1525
1895
1058
1392
1715
2030
2107
2334
2364
2630
3055
3460
3845
1830
2260
2679
2782
3087
3127
3484
4247
4612
5141
3419
4459
5208
5929
6624
7292
8143

cm4
8825
9238
11530
14110
17160
21140
9951
10420
13010
15930
18730
19410
21400
21660
23940
16140
20190
22520
24810
29250
30330
37620
24650
32380
39890
47150
48930
54190
54880
60990
70760
80010
88750
48700
60090
71180
73910
81960
83030
92440
112500
122100
135900
102200
133200
155400
176700
197200
216800
241700

cm3
681
712
880
1065
1279
1546
740
773
956
1159
1348
1394
1525
1542
1689
1043
1294
1437
1575
1840
1904
2325
1373
1789
2185
2563
2654
2922
2957
3264
3744
4187
4595
2363
2895
3405
3530
3894
3942
4362
5237
5646
6223
4368
5620
6497
7324
8101
8832
9735

* Sizes not included in EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)


# Grade S355J2H only
S.A.W process

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area
Per Metre
m2/m
0.985
0.984
0.979
0.974
0.968
0.959
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.01
1.01
1.01
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.17
1.17
1.17
1.16
1.38
1.38
1.37
1.37
1.37
1.36
1.36
1.36
1.35
1.34
1.34
1.58
1.57
1.57
1.57
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.55
1.54
1.54
1.77
1.76
1.75
1.74
1.74
1.73
1.72

87
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Square

D
y

t
y

Designation
Size
Thickness
DxD

mm
500x500

mm
12
16
19
22
25
28
32
36
16
19
22
25
28
32
36
40
25
28
32
36
40
25
28
32
36
40

550x550

600x600

700x700

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Mass
Per
Metre
kg/m cm
181.00
238.00
280.00
320.00
360.00
399.00
450.00
498.00
263.00
309.00
355.00
399.00
443.00
500.00
555.00
608.00
439.00
487.00
550.00
611.00
671.00
517.00
575.00
651.00
724.00
797.00

Area
Of
Section
A

Second
Moment
Of Area
I

Radius
Of
Gyration
r

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

cm2
233
307
362
415
468
520
588
654
339
400
459
518
576
652
726
799
568
632
716
798
879
668
744
844
942
1039

cm4
92030
119300
138600
157100
174600
191300
212300
231700
160400
186800
212100
236300
259500
288700
316100
341800
311100
342100
381600
418800
453900
504700
556600
623100
686500
746900

cm
19.89
19.71
19.58
19.44
19.31
19.18
19.00
18.82
21.75
21.62
21.49
21.35
21.22
21.04
20.86
20.68
23.40
23.26
23.08
22.91
22.73
27.48
27.35
27.17
26.99
26.81

cm3
3681
4771
5545
6283
6986
7653
8491
9269
5833
6793
7714
8594
9436
10500
11500
12430
10370
11410
12720
13960
15130
14420
15900
17800
19610
21340

cm3
4248
5554
6498
7411
8295
9149
10242
11283
6769
7930
9058
10150
11220
12580
13890
15140
12200
13490
15160
16770
18310
16850
18670
21040
23330
25540

cm4
141200
184400
215500
245600
274600
302600
338200
372000
247300
289500
330400
370100
408400
457500
504400
549000
485300
536300
601900
664900
725100
782900
867000
975800
1081000
1182000

cm3
5451
7038
8159
9222
10230
11180
12370
13470
8616
10010
11340
12610
13810
15330
16740
18060
15230
16720
18600
20370
22030
21240
23380
26110
28700
31160

* Sizes not included in EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)


S.A.W process

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area
Per Metre
m2/m
1.97
1.96
1.95
1.94
1.94
1.93
1.92
1.91
2.16
2.15
2.14
2.14
2.13
2.12
2.11
2.10
2.34
2.33
2.32
2.31
2.30
2.74
2.73
2.72
2.71
2.70

88
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Rectangular

B
y

x
t
y

Designation
Thickness
Size

DxB

mm
50x25

mm
2.5
3
3.2
4
2.5
3
3.2
4
5
2.5
3
3.2
4
5
6
6.3
8
3
3.2
4
5
6
6.3
8
10
3
4
5
6
8
10
3
3.2
3.6
4
5
6
6.3
8
10
3
3.2
4
5
6
6.3
8

50x30

60x40

80x40

80x50

90x50

100x50

Mass
Per
Metre

Area Of
Section

*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*

kg/m
2.72
3.22
3.41
4.07
2.92
3.45
3.66
4.46
5.40
3.71
4.39
4.66
5.72
6.97
8.15
8.49
10.00
5.34
5.67
6.97
8.54
10.00
10.50
12.80
14.90
5.81
7.53
9.33
11.00
14.11
16.40
6.28
6.63
7.46
8.15
10.10
11.90
12.50
15.30
18.00
6.75
7.18
8.86
10.90
12.90
13.40
16.60

cm2
3.43
4.04
4.28
5.19
3.68
4.34
4.60
5.59
6.73
4.68
5.54
5.88
7.19
8.73
10.2
10.6
12.8
6.74
7.16
8.79
10.7
12.6
13.1
16.0
18.9
7.34
9.59
11.7
13.8
17.6
20.9
7.94
8.44
9.42
10.4
12.7
15.0
15.6
19.2
22.9
8.54
9.08
11.2
13.7
16.2
16.9
20.8

Radius Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm4
10.4
11.9
12.5
14.4
11.8
13.6
14.2
16.5
18.7
22.8
26.5
27.8
32.8
38.1
42.3
43.4
47.9
54.2
57.2
68.2
80.3
90.5
93.3
106
115
63.1
79.8
94.4
107
127
140
84.4
89.1
98.3
107
127
145
150
174
194
110
116
140
167
190
197
230

cm
1.74
1.72
1.71
1.66
1.79
1.77
1.76
1.72
1.67
2.21
2.18
2.18
2.14
2.09
2.04
2.02
1.94
2.84
2.83
2.79
2.74
2.68
2.67
2.58
2.47
2.93
2.88
2.84
2.79
2.69
2.59
3.26
3.25
3.23
3.21
3.16
3.11
3.10
3.01
2.91
3.58
3.57
3.53
3.48
3.43
3.42
3.33

cm
0.994
0.973
0.964
0.929
1.19
1.17
1.16
1.13
1.08
1.60
1.58
1.57
1.54
1.50
1.45
1.44
1.36
1.63
1.63
1.59
1.55
1.50
1.49
1.42
1.33
2.03
1.98
1.94
1.90
1.81
1.72
2.05
2.04
2.03
2.01
1.97
1.92
1.91
1.84
1.75
2.08
2.07
2.03
1.99
1.95
1.93
1.86

cm3
4.16
4.76
4.98
5.75
4.73
5.43
5.68
6.60
7.49
7.61
8.82
9.27
10.9
12.7
14.1
14.5
16.0
13.6
14.3
17.1
20.1
22.6
23.3
26.5
28.8
15.8
19.9
23.6
26.8
31.7
35.0
18.8
19.8
21.8
23.8
28.3
32.2
33.3
38.6
43.0
21.9
23.2
27.9
33.3
38.1
39.4
46.0

cm3
2.71
3.06
3.18
3.59
3.48
3.96
4.13
4.72
5.26
6.03
6.95
7.29
8.52
9.77
10.7
11.0
11.9
9.00
9.46
11.1
12.9
14.2
14.6
16.1
16.9
12.1
15.1
17.7
19.8
23.0
24.8
13.4
14.1
15.5
16.8
19.7
22.1
22.8
25.8
28.1
14.7
15.5
18.5
21.7
24.5
25.2
28.7

cm3
5.33
6.18
6.50
7.67
5.92
6.88
7.25
8.59
10.0
9.32
10.9
11.5
13.8
16.4
18.6
19.2
22.1
17.1
18.0
21.8
26.1
30.0
31.1
36.5
41.3
19.4
24.9
29.9
34.4
42.2
48.3
23.2
24.6
27.2
29.8
36.0
41.6
43.2
51.4
59.3
27.3
28.9
35.2
42.6
49.4
51.3
61.4

cm3
3.22
3.71
3.89
4.54
4.11
4.76
5.00
5.88
6.80
7.02
8.19
8.64
10.3
12.2
13.7
14.2
16.1
10.4
11.0
13.2
15.7
17.8
18.4
21.2
23.5
13.9
17.8
21.3
24.4
29.6
33.4
15.3
16.2
18.0
19.6
23.5
27.0
28.0
32.9
37.4
16.8
17.7
21.5
25.8
29.7
30.8
36.3

cm4
8.42
9.64
10.1
11.6
11.7
13.5
14.2
16.6
19.0
25.1
29.2
30.8
36.7
43.0
48.2
49.5
55.4
43.8
46.2
55.2
65.1
73.4
75.6
85.8
92.5
64.8
82.6
98.4
112
135
150
76.5
80.9
89.4
97.5
116
133
138
160
179
88.4
93.4
113
135
154
160
186

cm3
4.61
5.20
5.41
6.11
5.73
6.51
6.80
7.77
8.67
9.73
11.2
11.7
13.7
15.7
17.3
17.6
19.2
15.3
16.1
18.9
21.9
24.2
24.8
27.4
28.9
19.7
24.6
28.8
32.3
37.5
40.6
22.4
23.6
25.9
28.0
32.9
37.0
38.1
43.2
47.1
25.0
26.4
31.4
36.9
41.6
42.9
48.9

cm4
3.39
3.83
3.98
4.48
5.22
5.94
6.20
7.08
7.89
12.1
13.9
14.6
17.0
19.5
21.4
21.9
23.7
18.0
18.9
22.2
25.7
28.5
29.2
32.1
33.7
30.2
37.7
44.1
49.5
57.4
62.1
33.5
35.3
38.7
41.9
49.2
55.4
57.0
64.6
70.2
36.8
38.8
46.2
54.3
61.2
63.0
71.7

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area Per
Metre

m2/m
0.144
0.142
0.142
0.140
0.154
0.152
0.152
0.150
0.147
0.194
0.192
0.192
0.190
0.187
0.185
0.184
0.179
0.232
0.232
0.230
0.227
0.225
0.224
0.219
0.214
0.252
0.250
0.247
0.245
0.239
0.234
0.272
0.272
0.271
0.270
0.267
0.265
0.264
0.259
0.254
0.292
0.292
0.290
0.287
0.285
0.284
0.279

89
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Rectangular

B
y

x
t
y

Designation
Size
Thickness

DxB

mm
100x60

mm
3
3.6
5
6
6.3
8
3.6
5
6
6.3
8
10
5
6
6.3
8
10
5
6
6.3
8
10
12.5
4.5
5
6
6.3
8
10
12
12.5
5
6
6.3
8
10
12
12.5
16
16
6
6.3
8
9
10
12
12.5

120x60

120x80

150x100

160x80

200x100

200x120
200x150

Mass
Per
Metre

Area Of
Section

+
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

kg/m
7.22
8.59
11.70
13.80
14.40
17.80
9.72
13.30
15.70
16.40
20.40
24.30
14.80
17.60
18.40
22.90
27.90
18.70
22.30
23.30
29.10
35.70
42.80
16.24
18.00
21.30
22.30
27.90
34.20
39.50
41.60
22.70
27.00
28.30
35.40
43.60
50.80
53.40
66.40
71.38
31.70
33.22
41.70
46.60
51.40
60.90
63.20

cm2
9.14
10.9
14.7
17.4
18.1
22.4
12.3
16.7
19.8
20.7
25.6
30.9
18.7
22.2
23.2
28.8
34.9
23.7
28.2
29.5
36.8
44.9
54.6
20.6
22.7
27.0
28.2
35.2
42.9
50.3
52.1
28.7
34.2
35.8
44.8
54.9
64.7
67.1
83.0
89.4
40.2
42.1
52.8
58.9
64.9
76.7
79.6

Radius Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm4
124
145
189
217
225
264
227
299
345
358
425
488
365
423
440
525
609
739
862
898
1087
1282
1488
679
744
868
903
1091
1284
1449
1485
1495
1754
1829
2234
2664
3047
3136
3678
4221
2318
2420
2971
3276
3568
4109
4236

cm
3.68
3.65
3.58
3.53
3.52
3.44
4.30
4.23
4.18
4.16
4.08
3.97
4.42
4.37
4.36
4.27
4.18
5.58
5.53
5.52
5.44
5.34
5.22
5.75
5.72
5.67
5.66
5.57
5.47
5.37
5.34
7.21
7.16
7.15
7.06
6.96
6.86
6.84
6.66
6.87
7.60
7.58
7.50
7.46
7.41
7.32
7.30

cm
2.47
2.44
2.38
2.34
2.33
2.25
2.49
2.43
2.39
2.37
2.30
2.21
3.21
3.17
3.15
3.08
2.99
4.07
4.02
4.01
3.94
3.85
3.74
3.33
3.31
3.27
3.26
3.18
3.10
3.01
2.99
4.19
4.15
4.14
4.06
3.98
3.89
3.87
3.72
4.50
6.08
6.07
5.99
5.95
5.91
5.82
5.80

cm3
24.7
28.9
37.8
43.4
45.0
52.8
37.9
49.9
57.5
59.7
70.8
81.4
60.9
70.6
73.3
87.5
102
98.5
115
120
145
171
198
84.9
93.0
108
113
136
161
181
186
149
175
183
223
266
305
314
368
422
232
242
297
328
357
411
424

cm3
18.6
21.6
27.9
31.7
32.7
37.8
25.4
32.9
37.5
38.8
45.0
50.5
48.2
55.6
57.6
68.1
78.1
78.5
91.2
94.8
114
133
153
57.1
62.3
72.0
74.8
89.0
103
114
116
101
118
123
148
174
196
201
229
302
198
207
253
278
302
346
356

cm3
30.2
35.6
47.4
55.1
57.3
68.7
47.2
63.1
73.6
76.7
92.7
109.2
74.6
87.3
91.0
111
131
119
141
147
180
216
256
106
116
136
142
175
209
240
247
185
218
228
282
341
395
408
491
550
277
289
359
398
436
508
525

cm3
21.2
24.9
32.9
38.1
39.5
47.1
28.9
38.4
44.5
46.3
55.4
64.4
56.1
65.5
68.2
82.6
97.3
90.1
106
110
135
161
190
64.8
71.1
83.3
86.8
106
125
142
146
114
134
140
172
206
237
245
290
377
227
237
294
325
356
414
428

cm4
121
142
188
216
224
265
183
242
279
290
344
396
401
468
487
587
688
807
946
986
1203
1432
1679
547
600
701
730
883
1041
1175
1204
1204
1414
1475
1804
2156
2469
2541
2982
4247
2820
2947
3643
4033
4409
5119
5287

cm3
30.7
35.6
45.9
52.1
53.8
62.2
43.3
56.0
63.8
65.9
76.6
86.1
77.9
89.6
92.9
110
126
127
147
153
183
214
246
97.2
106
122
127
151
175
194
198
172
200
208
251
295
333
341
391
497
313
326
398
437
475
543
559

cm4
55.7
64.8
83.6
95.0
98.1
113
76.3
98.8
113
116
135
152
193
222
230
273
313
392
456
474
569
665
763
229
249
288
299
356
411
455
465
505
589
613
739
869
979
1004
1147
1813
1485
1549
1894
2084
2264
2596
2673

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)


+ Seamless process

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area Per
Metre

m2/m
0.312
0.311
0.307
0.305
0.304
0.299
0.351
0.347
0.345
0.344
0.339
0.334
0.387
0.385
0.384
0.379
0.374
0.487
0.485
0.484
0.479
0.474
0.468
0.468
0.467
0.465
0.464
0.459
0.454
0.449
0.448
0.587
0.585
0.584
0.579
0.574
0.569
0.568
0.559
0.599
0.685
0.684
0.679
0.677
0.674
0.669
0.668

90
HOT FINISHED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Rectangular

B
y

x
t
y

Designation
Size
Thickness

DxB

mm
250x150

mm
6
6.3
8
10
12.5
16
5
6
6.3
10
12
6
6.3
8
10
12
12.5
16
10
12.5
6.3
8
10
12.5
16
8
10
12.5
16
10
10
12.5
16

300x100

300x200

350x150
400x200

450x250

500x200
500x300

Mass
Per
Metre

Area Of
Section

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*

kg/m
36.40
38.00
48.00
59.30
73.00
91.50
30.52
36.20
38.00
58.80
70.30
45.80
48.10
60.50
75.00
89.15
92.60
117.00
75.00
92.60
57.90
73.10
90.70
112.00
142.00
85.40
106.00
132.00
167.00
106.00
122.00
152.00
192.00

cm2
46.2
48.4
60.8
74.9
92.1
115
38.7
46.2
48.4
74.9
88.7
58.2
61.0
76.8
94.9
113
117
147
94.9
117
73.6
92.8
115
142
179
109
135
167
211
135
155
192
243

Second
Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y
cm4
3965
4143
5111
6174
7387
8879
4146
4893
5111
7613
8818
7486
7829
9717
11820
13800
14270
17390
14320
17300
15700
19560
23910
29060
35740
30080
36900
45030
55710
41760
53760
65810
81780

cm4
1796
1874
2298
2755
3265
3873
731
854
890
1275
1447
4013
4193
5184
6278
7294
7537
9109
3737
4450
5376
6660
8084
9738
11820
12140
14820
17970
22040
9891
24440
29780
36770

Radius Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm
9.27
9.25
9.17
9.08
8.96
8.79
10.3
10.3
10.3
10.1
9.97
11.3
11.3
11.3
11.2
11.1
11.0
10.9
12.3
12.2
14.6
14.5
14.4
14.3
14.1
16.6
16.5
16.4
16.2
17.6
18.6
18.5
18.3

cm
6.24
6.22
6.15
6.06
5.96
5.80
4.34
4.30
4.29
4.13
4.04
8.31
8.29
8.22
8.13
8.05
8.02
7.87
6.27
6.17
8.55
8.47
8.39
8.28
8.13
10.6
10.5
10.4
10.2
8.6
12.6
12.5
12.3

cm3
317
331
409
494
591
710
276
326
341
508
588
499
522
648
788
920
952
1159
818
988
785
978
1196
1453
1787
1337
1640
2001
2476
1670
2150
2633
3271

cm3
239
250
306
367
435
516
146
171
178
255
289
401
419
518
628
729
754
911
498
593
538
666
808
974
1182
971
1185
1438
1763
989
1629
1985
2451

cm3
385
402
501
611
740
906
354
419
439
666
779
596
624
779
956
1124
1165
1441
1035
1263
960
1203
1480
1813
2256
1622
2000
2458
3070
2105
2595
3196
4005

cm3
270
283
350
426
514
625
161
190
199
296
343
451
472
589
721
847
877
1080
566
686
594
743
911
1111
1374
1081
1331
1631
2029
1101
1826
2244
2804

cm4
3877
4054
5021
6090
7326
8868
2040
2399
2504
3676
4223
8100
8476
10560
12910
15140
15680
19250
9633
11620
12610
15740
19260
23440
28870
27080
33280
40720
50550
25870
52450
64390
80330

cm3
396
413
506
605
717
849
262
306
319
458
520
651
681
840
1015
1178
1217
1468
867
1032
917
1135
1376
1656
2010
1629
1986
2406
2947
1737
2696
3281
4044

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area Per
Metre

m2/m
0.785
0.784
0.779
0.774
0.768
0.759
0.787
0.785
0.784
0.774
0.769
0.985
0.984
0.979
0.974
0.969
0.968
0.959
0.974
0.968
1.18
1.18
1.17
1.17
1.16
1.38
1.37
1.37
1.36
1.37
1.57
1.57
1.56

COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

91

Cold Formed Hollow Sections

General
Structural hollow sections make beautiful, efficient structures with a nice continuity.
The cold formed hollow sections, square, rectangular and circular, have constant
external dimension within the same serial size only the thickness is increasing. In other
words, the same column size can be maintained throughout the full height of the
building, only changing the thickness, simplifying architectural details and ensuring
economy in fabrication.
By using multi-storey columns the number of joints will be smaller and the number of
welds affecting the capacity of cold formed sections will therefore be reduced (see
Comparison between hot finished and cold formed hollow sections).
Due to their high sectional properties hollow sections provide smaller column footprints
than other design solutions, with increased floor area.
Added together these qualities give an efficient and economic structure.
It has long been the opinion amongst structural people that for low-rise buildings only
concrete will be economical, but with multi-storey hollow sections steel structures can
compete with concrete structures. Steel might be more expensive per metric ton, but
with the fabrication and erection time, a lighter structure, labour cost, and easy
maintenance taken into account, a steel structure might give the most economic
design.

Comparable specifications
Specification
EN 10219-1 (1997)

Grade
S235JRH

Min. Yield strength

Tensile strength

N/mm2

N/mm2

Charpy V-Notch Impact


Joules

235

340-470

27

20

JIS G 3444 (1994)

STK400

235

min. 400

JIS G 3466 (1988)

STKR400

245

min. 400

C250L0

250

min. 320

27

EN 10219-1 (1997)

S275J0H

275

410-560

27

EN 10219-1 (1997)

S275J2H

275

410-560

27

-20

AS 1163 (1991)

ASTM A500 (1996)


Round tubing

Grade A

228

min. 310

Shaped tubing

269

min. 310

Round tubing

Grade B

290

min. 400

Shaped tubing

317

min. 400

STKR490

325

min. 490

AS 1163 (1991)

C350L0

350

min. 430

27

JIS G 3444 (1994)

STK500

355

min. 500

EN 10219-1 (1997)

S355J0H

355

490-630

27

0
-20

JIS G 3466 (1988)

EN 10219-1 (1997)

S355J2H

355

490-630

27

JIS G 3444 (1994)

STK540

390

min. 540

AS 1163 (1991)

C450L0

450

min. 500

27

Note:

For EN 10219-1 and ASTM A500 the values given are for section thickness above 3mm.
EN 10219-1 (1997): one of the new European Norms, see Explanatory notes.
ASTM A36 (1991): standard from American Society for Testing of Materials for carbon structural steel.
ASTM 500 (1996): standard from American Society for Testing of Materials for cold formed welded and seamless
carbon steels structural tubing in rounds and shapes.
JIS G 3444 (1994): Japanese Industrial Standard for Carbon steel tubes for general structural purposes.
JIS G 3466 (1988): Japanese Industrial Standard for Carbon steel square pipes for general structural purposes.
AS 1163 (1991): Australian Standard for Structural steel hollow sections.

Table 17 Cold Formed Hollow Sections: Comparable specifications

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

92

Product specifications
Productions of cold formed structural hollow sections have been standardised in EN
10219: 1997: "Cold formed structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain steel"
Part 1, Grades S235, S275, S355, but other grades and sub-grades can be supplied,
subject to minimum order quantities. Dimensions, tolerances and sectional properties
meet the requirements of EN 10219:1997: "Cold formed structural hollow sections of
non-alloy and fine grain structural steels" Part 2.
The cold formed hollow sections, square, rectangular and circular have constant
external dimension within the same serial size, only the thickness is increasing. In
other words, the same column size can be maintained throughout the full height of the
building, simplifying architectural details and ensuring economy in fabrication.

Chemical composition
The chemical compositions of hot finished hollow sections are given in EN 10219-1:
1997, Table A.1, B.1 and B.2.
When a carbon equivalent value (CEV) is required it shall be determined from the cast
analysis using the formula: CEV = C +

Mn (Cr + Mo + V ) ( Ni + Cu )
+
+
6
5
15

Mechanical properties
The mechanical properties for cold formed sections in accordance with EN 102191:1997 are summarised below.
Designation

Min. Yield strength

Tensile strength

Min. elongation (%)

ReH in N/mm2

Rm in N/mm2

L0=5,65(S0)1/2

Test temp.

Impact
KV

Nominal thickness in mm
t 16

16>t40

t<3

3t40

t40

N/mm2

N/mm2

N/mm2

N/mm2

S235JRH

235

225

360-510

340-470

24

20

27

S275J0H

275

265

430-580

410-560

20

27

-20

27

S275J2H
S355J0H

355

345

510-680

490-630

S355J2H

20

27

-20

27

Table 18 Cold Formed Hollow Sections: Mechanical properties

Tensile test
The tensile test shall be carried out according with EN 10002-1: "Metallic materials Tensile testing - Method of test (at ambient temperature)". See chapter Hot finished
Hollow Sections.

Charpy V-notch impact test


The specimens, in accordance with EN 10045-1: "Metallic materials - Charpy impact
test - Test method", are tested at the required temperature according to grade. See
chapter Hot finished Hollow Sections.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

93

Manufacturing tolerances
The tolerances for cold formed hollow sections are specified in EN 10219: 1997, Part
2. The tolerances are mostly similar to those specified in EN 10210: 1997, Part 2, for
hot finished hollow sections. The tolerances are listed in Table 19 below.
Characteristic

Circular hollow sections

Square and rectangular hollow sections


Size in mm
Tolerance

Outside dimensions
(D, B, H)

1% with a minimum of 0,5mm and a


maximum of 10mm

H, B <100:
100
H, B
200:
H, B >200:

Thickness (T)

- For D
406,4mm:

T
5mm: 10%
T>5mm: 0,50mm
10% with a max.
of 2mm

- For D>406,4mm:

Concavity/convexity 2)

2% for hollow sections having a diameter


to thickness ratio not exceeding 100 1)
-

Squareness of side

External corner profile (C1,


C2 or R)

Out-of-roundness (O)

Twist (V)

Straightness

0,20% of total length

1% with a minimum of:


0,5mm.
0,8%
0,6%
0,50mm
10%

For T>5mm:
For T
5mm:
-

Max. 0,8% with a minimum of 0,5mm


901
For T
6mm:
For 6<T
10mm:
For 10<T:

1,6T to 2,4T
2,0T to 3,0T
2,4T to 3,6T

2mm plus 0,5mm/m length


0,15% of total length
6% on individual lengths

Mass (M)

Type of length

Length

Tolerances

Random length

4 000 to 16 000 with a range of


2000 per order item

Approximate length

4 000

10% of sections supplied may be below the minimum


for the ordered range, but not less than 75% of the
minimum of the range
+50/0 mm

Exact length

< 6 000
6 000 to 10 000
> 10 000

+5/0 mm
+15/0 mm
+5/0 mm +1mm/m

Notes:

1) Where diameter to thickness ratio exceeds 100mm the tolerance on out-of-roundness shall be agreed.
2) The tolerance on concavity and convexity is independent of the tolerance on the outside dimensions.

Table 19 Cold Formed Hollow Sections: Manufacturing tolerances

All external dimensions including out-of-roundness shall be measured at a distance


from the end of the hollow section of not less than D for circular sections, B for square
sections and H for rectangular sections, with a minimum of 100mm.
D= diameter,
B= width,
H= height,
R= outer corner radius
V, C1 and C2= see drawings in chapter Hot Finished Hollow Sections.
The thickness T of welded sections shall be measured at a position not less than 2T
from the weld.

Other specifications
Cold formed structural hollow sections are also supplied to other international
standards and National specifications, see Table 17 the on first page of this chapter.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

94
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Circular

D
y

x
t
y

Designation
Thickness
Outside

mm
26.9

mm
2.0
2.5
3.2
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.2
4.0
2.5
3.0
3.2
3.6
4.0
2.5
3.0
3.2
3.6
4.0
2.5
3.0
3.2
3.6
4.0
2.5
3.0
3.2
3.6
4.0
3.0
3.2
4.0
5.0
3.0
3.2
3.6
5.0
6.0
6.3
5.0
6.3
8.0
10.0

33.7

42.4

48.3

60.3

76.1

88.9

114.3

139.7

*
*

*
*

*
*

*
*

*
*

*
*

Mass
Per
Metre

Area
Of
Section

Ratio For
Local
Buckling

Second
Moment
Of Inertia

Radius
Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

D/t

kg/m
1.23
1.50
1.87
1.56
1.92
2.27
2.41
2.93
2.46
2.91
3.09
3.44
3.79
2.82
3.35
3.56
3.97
4.37
3.56
4.24
4.51
5.03
5.55
4.54
5.41
5.75
6.44
7.11
6.36
6.76
8.38
10.35
8.23
8.77
9.83
13.48
16.03
16.78
16.61
20.73
25.98
31.99

cm2
1.56
1.92
2.38
1.99
2.45
2.89
3.07
3.73
3.13
3.71
3.94
4.39
4.83
3.60
4.27
4.53
5.06
5.57
4.54
5.40
5.74
6.41
7.07
5.78
6.89
7.33
8.20
9.06
8.10
8.62
10.7
13.2
10.5
11.2
12.5
17.2
20.4
21.4
21.2
26.4
33.1
40.7

13.5
10.8
8.41
16.9
13.5
11.2
10.5
8.43
17.0
14.1
13.3
11.8
10.6
19.3
16.1
15.1
13.4
12.1
24.1
20.1
18.8
16.8
15.1
30.4
25.4
23.8
21.1
19.0
29.6
27.8
22.2
17.8
38.1
35.7
31.8
22.9
19.1
18.1
27.9
22.2
17.5
14.0

cm4
1.22
1.44
1.70
2.51
3.00
3.44
3.60
4.19
6.26
7.25
7.62
8.33
8.99
9.46
11.0
11.6
12.7
13.8
19.0
22.2
23.5
25.9
28.2
39.2
46.1
48.8
54.0
59.1
74.8
79.2
96.3
116
163
172
192
257
300
313
481
589
720
862

cm
0.883
0.867
0.846
1.12
1.11
1.09
1.08
1.06
1.41
1.40
1.39
1.38
1.36
1.62
1.61
1.60
1.59
1.57
2.05
2.03
2.02
2.01
2.00
2.60
2.59
2.58
2.57
2.55
3.04
3.03
3.00
2.97
3.94
3.93
3.92
3.87
3.83
3.82
4.77
4.72
4.66
4.60

cm3
0.907
1.07
1.27
1.49
1.78
2.04
2.14
2.49
2.95
3.42
3.59
3.93
4.24
3.92
4.55
4.80
5.26
5.70
6.30
7.37
7.78
8.58
9.34
10.3
12.1
12.8
14.2
15.5
16.8
17.8
21.7
26.2
28.4
30.2
33.6
45.0
52.5
54.7
68.8
84.3
103
123

cm3
1.24
1.49
1.81
2.01
2.44
2.84
2.99
3.55
3.99
4.67
4.93
5.44
5.92
5.25
6.17
6.52
7.21
7.87
8.36
9.86
10.4
11.6
12.7
13.5
16.0
17.0
18.9
20.8
22.1
23.5
28.9
35.2
37.2
39.5
44.1
59.8
70.4
73.6
90.8
112
139
169

cm4
2.44
2.88
3.41
5.02
6.00
6.88
7.21
8.38
12.5
14.5
15.2
16.7
18.0
18.9
22.0
23.2
25.4
27.5
38.0
44.4
46.9
51.7
56.3
78.4
92.2
97.6
108
118
150
158
193
233
325
345
384
514
600
625
961
1177
1441
1724

cm3
1.81
2.14
2.53
2.98
3.56
4.08
4.28
4.97
5.91
6.84
7.19
7.86
8.48
7.83
9.11
9.59
10.5
11.4
12.6
14.7
15.6
17.2
18.7
20.6
24.2
25.6
28.4
31.0
33.6
35.6
43.3
52.4
56.9
60.4
67.2
89.9
105
109
138
169
206
247

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10219 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area
Per
Metre
m2/m
0.0845
0.0845
0.0845
0.106
0.106
0.106
0.106
0.106
0.133
0.133
0.133
0.133
0.133
0.152
0.152
0.152
0.152
0.152
0.189
0.189
0.189
0.189
0.189
0.239
0.239
0.239
0.239
0.239
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.279
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.359
0.439
0.439
0.439
0.439

95
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Circular

D
y

x
t
y

Designation
Thickness
Outside

mm
168.3

mm
4.0
5.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.5
4.5
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
16.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
16.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
16.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
16.0

193.7

219.1

244.5

273

323.9

*
*

Mass
Per
Metre

Area
Of
Section

Ratio For
Local
Buckling

Second
Moment
Of Inertia

Radius
Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

D/t

kg/m
16.21
20.14
25.17
31.63
39.04
48.03
18.71
21.00
23.27
27.77
29.12
36.64
45.30
55.86
23.82
26.40
31.53
33.06
41.65
51.57
61.29
63.69
80.14
29.53
35.29
37.01
46.66
57.83
68.81
71.52
90.16
33.05
39.51
41.44
52.28
64.86
77.24
80.30
101.41
39.32
47.04
49.34
62.32
77.41
92.30
95.99
121.49

cm2
20.6
25.7
32.1
40.3
49.7
61.2
23.8
26.7
29.6
35.4
37.1
46.7
57.7
71.2
30.3
33.6
40.2
42.1
53.1
65.7
78.1
81.1
102
37.6
45.0
47.1
59.4
73.7
87.7
91.1
115
42.1
50.3
52.8
66.6
82.6
98.4
102
129
50.1
59.9
62.9
79.4
98.6
118
122
155

42.1
33.7
26.7
21.0
16.8
13.5
48.4
43.0
38.7
32.3
30.7
24.2
19.4
15.5
48.7
43.8
36.5
34.8
27.4
21.9
18.3
17.5
13.7
48.9
40.8
38.8
30.6
24.5
20.4
19.6
15.3
54.6
45.5
43.3
34.1
27.3
22.8
21.8
17.1
64.8
54.0
51.4
40.5
32.4
27.0
25.9
20.2

cm4
697
856
1053
1297
1564
1868
1073
1198
1320
1560
1630
2016
2442
2934
1747
1928
2282
2386
2960
3598
4200
4345
5297
2699
3199
3346
4160
5073
5938
6147
7533
3781
4487
4696
5852
7154
8396
8697
10710
6369
7572
7929
9910
12160
14320
14850
18390

cm
5.81
5.78
5.73
5.67
5.61
5.53
6.71
6.69
6.67
6.64
6.63
6.57
6.50
6.42
7.59
7.57
7.54
7.53
7.47
7.40
7.33
7.32
7.20
8.47
8.43
8.42
8.37
8.30
8.23
8.21
8.10
9.48
9.44
9.43
9.37
9.31
9.24
9.22
9.10
11.3
11.2
11.2
11.2
11.1
11.0
11.0
10.9

cm3
82.8
102
125
154
186
222
111
124
136
161
168
208
252
303
159
176
208
218
270
328
383
397
483
221
262
274
340
415
486
503
616
277
329
344
429
524
615
637
784
393
468
490
612
751
884
917
1136

cm3
108
133
165
206
251
304
144
161
178
211
221
276
338
411
207
229
273
285
357
438
515
534
661
287
341
358
448
550
649
673
837
359
428
448
562
692
818
849
1058
509
606
636
799
986
1168
1213
1518

cm4
1394
1712
2107
2595
3128
3737
2146
2395
2640
3119
3260
4031
4883
5869
3494
3856
4564
4772
5919
7197
8400
8689
10600
5397
6397
6692
8321
10150
11880
12300
15070
7562
8974
9392
11700
14310
16790
17400
21410
12740
15150
15860
19820
24320
28640
29690
36780

cm3
166
203
250
308
372
444
222
247
273
322
337
416
504
606
319
352
417
436
540
657
767
793
967
441
523
547
681
830
972
1006
1232
554
657
688
857
1048
1230
1274
1569
787
935
979
1224
1501
1768
1833
2271

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10219 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area
Per
Metre
m2/m
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.529
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.609
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.688
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.768
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02
1.02

96
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Circular

D
y

x
t
y

Designation
Thickness
Outside

mm
355.6

mm
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
16.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
16.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
16.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
16.0

406.4

457

508

Mass
Per
Metre

Area
Of
Section

Ratio For
Local
Buckling

Second
Moment
Of Inertia

Radius
Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

D/t

kg/m
43.23
51.73
54.27
68.58
85.23
101.68
105.77
134.00
59.25
62.16
78.60
97.76
116.72
121.43
154.05
66.73
70.02
88.58
110.24
131.69
137.03
174.01
74.28
77.95
98.65
122.81
146.79
152.75
194.14

cm2
55.1
65.9
69.1
87.4
109
130
135
171
75.5
79.2
100
125
149
155
196
85.0
89.2
113
140
168
175
222
94.6
99.3
126
156
187
195
247

71.1
59.3
56.4
44.5
35.6
29.6
28.4
22.2
67.7
64.5
50.8
40.6
33.9
32.5
25.4
76.2
72.5
57.1
45.7
38.1
36.6
28.6
84.7
80.6
63.5
50.8
42.3
40.6
31.8

cm4
8464
10070
10550
13200
16220
19140
19850
24660
15130
15850
19870
24480
28940
30030
37450
21620
22650
28450
35090
41560
43150
53960
29810
31250
39280
48520
57540
59760
74910

cm
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.3
12.2
12.2
12.1
12.0
14.2
14.1
14.1
14.0
14.0
13.9
13.8
15.9
15.9
15.9
15.8
15.7
15.7
15.6
17.7
17.7
17.7
17.6
17.5
17.5
17.4

cm3
476
566
593
742
912
1076
1117
1387
745
780
978
1205
1424
1478
1843
946
991
1245
1536
1819
1888
2361
1174
1230
1546
1910
2265
2353
2949

cm3
615
733
769
967
1195
1417
1472
1847
962
1009
1270
1572
1867
1940
2440
1220
1280
1613
1998
2377
2470
3113
1512
1586
2000
2480
2953
3070
3874

cm4
16930
20140
21090
26400
32450
38280
39700
49330
30260
31700
39750
48950
57870
60060
74900
43240
45310
56890
70180
83110
86290
107900
59620
62490
78560
97040
115100
119500
149800

cm3
952
1133
1186
1485
1825
2153
2233
2774
1489
1560
1956
2409
2848
2956
3686
1892
1983
2490
3071
3637
3776
4723
2347
2460
3093
3820
4530
4705
5898

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10219 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area
Per
Metre
m2/m
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.44
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60
1.60

97
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Square

D
y

t
y

Designation
Size
Thickness
DxD
mm
12x12

13x13
16x16

19x19

20x20
25x25

30x30

32x32

38x38

40x40

t
mm
1.0
1.2
1.6
1.2
1.6
1.0
1.2
1.6
1.0
1.2
1.6
2.0
2.5
1.0
1.2
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.3
2.4
2.5
3.0
3.2
1.2
1.6
1.8
2.3
3.0
3.2
1.2
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.3
2.4
3.0
3.2
1.2
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.3
2.4
3.0
3.2
2.0
2.5
3.0
4.0

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Mass
Per
Metre
kg/m
0.357
0.421
0.540
0.400
0.500
0.456
0.540
0.699
0.555
0.659
0.859
1.05
1.25
0.752
0.897
1.18
1.33
1.36
1.54
1.70
1.64
1.89
2.15
1.08
1.41
1.57
1.97
2.48
2.62
1.13
1.50
1.69
1.82
2.02
2.18
2.68
2.78
1.37
1.81
2.06
2.22
2.48
2.66
3.29
3.41
2.31
2.82
3.30
4.20

Area
Of
Section
A
cm 2
0.414
0.481
0.600
0.529
0.664
0.574
0.673
0.856
0.694
0.817
1.05
1.34
1.59
0.934
1.11
1.43
1.59
1.74
1.95
2.02
2.09
2.41
2.53
1.35
1.75
1.95
2.41
3.01
3.17
1.44
1.88
2.09
2.30
2.60
2.69
3.25
3.42
1.73
2.26
2.52
2.78
3.15
3.27
3.97
4.19
2.94
3.59
4.21
5.35

Second
Moment
Of Area
I
cm 2
0.0808
0.0897
0.102
0.118
0.136
0.210
0.239
0.284
0.368
0.421
0.511
0.692
0.766
0.884
1.03
1.28
1.38
1.48
1.61
1.65
1.69
1.84
1.89
1.83
2.31
2.52
2.99
3.50
3.62
2.25
2.84
3.11
3.36
3.71
3.82
4.38
4.54
3.86
4.92
5.42
5.88
6.54
6.74
7.85
8.18
6.94
8.22
9.32
11.1

Radius
Of
Gyration
r
cm
0.442
0.432
0.412
0.473
0.453
0.605
0.595
0.576
0.728
0.718
0.698
0.720
0.694
0.973
0.963
0.944
0.934
0.924
0.909
0.904
0.899
0.874
0.864
1.17
1.15
1.14
1.11
1.08
1.07
1.25
1.23
1.22
1.21
1.20
1.19
1.16
1.15
1.49
1.47
1.47
1.46
1.44
1.44
1.41
1.40
1.54
1.51
1.49
1.44

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Z
cm 3
0.135
0.150
0.169
0.182
0.209
0.263
0.298
0.354
0.387
0.444
0.538
0.692
0.766
0.707
0.820
1.02
1.11
1.19
1.29
1.32
1.35
1.47
1.51
1.22
1.54
1.68
2.00
2.34
2.41
1.41
1.78
1.95
2.10
2.32
2.39
2.74
2.84
2.03
2.59
2.85
3.10
3.44
3.55
4.13
4.30
3.47
4.11
4.66
5.54

S
cm 3
0.167
0.189
0.224
0.228
0.273
0.318
0.366
0.449
0.463
0.537
0.668
0.877
1.00
0.833
0.975
1.24
1.35
1.47
1.62
1.67
1.71
1.91
1.98
1.44
1.84
2.03
2.45
2.96
3.08
1.65
2.12
2.33
2.54
2.84
2.93
3.44
3.59
2.37
3.06
3.39
3.70
4.15
4.29
5.10
5.34
4.13
4.97
5.72
7.01

Torsional
Constants
J
cm 4
0.138
0.157
0.187
0.205
0.247
0.349
0.403
0.498
0.600
0.699
0.876
1.21
1.39
1.41
1.66
2.12
2.33
2.53
2.80
2.88
2.97
3.33
3.45
2.93
3.77
4.16
5.07
6.15
6.42
3.58
4.62
5.11
5.58
6.24
6.45
7.62
7.96
6.09
7.90
8.76
9.60
10.8
11.2
13.3
14.0
11.3
13.6
15.8
19.4

* Sizes not included in EN 10219 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

C
cm 3
0.205
0.229
0.263
0.278
0.324
0.397
0.453
0.543
0.584
0.671
0.819
1.06
1.19
1.06
1.24
1.54
1.68
1.80
1.97
2.02
2.07
2.27
2.34
1.84
2.32
2.54
3.03
3.58
3.71
2.11
2.68
2.94
3.18
3.52
3.62
4.18
4.34
3.05
3.90
4.29
4.67
5.20
5.37
6.28
6.55
5.23
6.21
7.07
8.48

Surface
Area
Per Metre
m 2/m
0.0446
0.0439
0.0425
0.0479
0.0465
0.0606
0.0599
0.0585
0.0726
0.0719
0.0705
0.0731
0.0714
0.0966
0.0959
0.0945
0.0938
0.0931
0.0921
0.0918
0.0914
0.0897
0.0890
0.116
0.115
0.114
0.112
0.110
0.109
0.124
0.123
0.122
0.121
0.120
0.120
0.118
0.117
0.148
0.147
0.146
0.145
0.144
0.144
0.142
0.141
0.153
0.151
0.150
0.146

98
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Square

D
y

t
y

Designation
Size
Thickness
DxD
mm
50x50

60x60

63.5x63.5

65x65

70x70

t
mm
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.3
2.4
2.5
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
6.4
1.6
2.3
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
6.0
2.3
3.0
4.5
6.0
1.6
2.3
2.4
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
6.4
2.5
3.0
3.6
4.0
5.0

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Mass
Per
Metre
kg/m
2.45
2.79
2.93
3.40
3.62
3.60
4.25
4.54
5.45
6.11
6.21
6.43
6.69
7.71
8.05
2.88
4.06
5.19
5.50
6.71
7.43
9.44
4.31
5.52
8.04
10.57
3.06
4.31
4.51
5.59
5.80
7.08
7.88
8.03
8.33
8.92
10.40
10.60
5.17
6.13
7.24
7.97
9.70

Area
Of
Section
A
cm 2
3.03
3.39
3.74
4.25
4.42
4.59
5.41
5.73
6.95
7.67
7.81
8.09
8.36
9.63
9.76
3.67
5.17
6.61
7.01
8.55
9.47
12.0
5.49
7.03
10.1
12.9
3.99
5.63
5.86
7.21
7.65
9.35
10.4
10.6
11.0
11.4
13.2
13.6
6.59
7.81
9.23
10.1
12.4

Second
Moment
Of Area
I
cm 2
11.7
12.9
14.1
15.9
16.4
16.9
19.5
20.4
23.7
25.5
25.8
26.5
27.0
29.5
28.0
20.7
28.3
35.1
36.9
43.6
47.2
56.1
33.9
42.1
57.0
68.2
26.5
36.4
37.8
45.4
47.8
56.6
61.6
62.5
64.3
66.1
73.9
72.9
49.4
57.5
66.5
72.1
84.6

Radius
Of
Gyration
r
cm
1.96
1.96
1.95
1.93
1.93
1.92
1.90
1.89
1.85
1.82
1.82
1.81
1.80
1.75
1.69
2.37
2.34
2.31
2.30
2.26
2.23
2.16
2.48
2.45
2.38
2.30
2.58
2.54
2.54
2.51
2.50
2.46
2.44
2.43
2.42
2.41
2.36
2.32
2.74
2.71
2.69
2.67
2.62

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Z
cm 3
4.68
5.18
5.66
6.34
6.56
6.78
7.79
8.16
9.49
10.2
10.3
10.6
10.8
11.8
11.2
6.89
9.44
11.7
12.3
14.5
15.7
18.7
10.7
13.3
18.0
21.5
8.16
11.2
11.6
14.0
14.7
17.4
18.9
19.2
19.8
20.3
22.7
22.4
14.1
16.4
19.0
20.6
24.2

S
cm 3
5.46
6.07
6.66
7.52
7.80
8.07
9.39
9.89
11.7
12.8
13.0
13.3
13.7
15.3
15.0
8.0
11.1
14.0
14.7
17.6
19.3
23.7
12.5
15.8
21.9
27.0
9.4
13.1
13.6
16.6
17.5
21.0
23.1
23.5
24.3
25.0
28.5
28.6
16.5
19.4
22.7
24.8
29.6

Torsional
Constants
J
cm 4
18.5
20.6
22.6
25.6
26.6
27.5
32.1
33.9
40.4
44.1
44.8
46.1
47.5
53.2
53.4
32.4
45.2
57.1
60.3
72.6
79.8
98.4
53.8
68.2
95.7
119
41.4
57.9
60.1
73.3
77.6
93.7
103
105
109
112
128
133
78.5
92.4
108
119
142

* Sizes not included in EN 10219 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

C
cm 3
7.03
7.79
8.51
9.55
9.89
10.2
11.8
12.3
14.4
15.6
15.8
16.2
16.6
18.2
18.1
10.4
14.2
17.7
18.6
22.0
23.9
28.6
16.0
20.0
27.2
32.8
12.2
16.9
17.5
21.0
22.2
26.3
28.7
29.2
30.0
30.9
34.7
35.4
21.2
24.7
28.7
31.1
36.7

Surface
Area
Per Metre
m 2/m
0.195
0.194
0.193
0.192
0.192
0.191
0.190
0.189
0.186
0.185
0.184
0.184
0.183
0.179
0.173
0.235
0.232
0.230
0.229
0.226
0.225
0.219
0.246
0.244
0.239
0.233
0.255
0.252
0.252
0.250
0.249
0.246
0.245
0.244
0.244
0.243
0.239
0.233
0.271
0.270
0.268
0.266
0.263

99
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Square

D
y

t
y

Designation
Size
Thickness
DxD
mm
75x75

80x80

90x90

100x100

120x120

t
mm
2.3
2.4
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
6.4
3.0
3.6
4.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
2.3
3.0
3.2
3.6
4.0
4.5
4.6
5.0
6.0
2.3
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
6.3
6.4
8.0
9.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*

Mass
Per
Metre
kg/m
5.23
5.48
6.81
7.07
8.66
9.70
9.85
10.20
10.76
12.78
13.10
7.07
8.37
9.22
11.30
13.20
13.50
6.23
8.01
8.33
9.50
10.50
11.50
11.70
12.80
15.10
6.95
8.96
9.60
11.70
13.30
13.50
14.00
14.40
17.00
17.50
18.20
21.40
24.10
14.20
17.50
20.70
21.40
26.40

Area
Of
Section
A
cm 2
6.55
6.82
8.41
8.93
10.9
12.2
12.4
12.9
13.4
15.6
16.2
9.01
10.7
11.7
14.4
16.8
17.2
7.93
10.2
10.8
12.1
13.3
14.9
15.2
16.4
19.2
8.85
11.4
12.1
14.9
16.7
17.0
17.7
18.4
21.6
22.2
22.6
27.2
30.0
18.1
22.4
26.4
27.3
33.6

Second
Moment
Of Area
I
cm 2
57.1
59.3
71.6
75.5
90.2
98.6
100
103
106
120
120
88
102
111
131
149
149
101
127
135
149
162
178
181
193
220
140
177
187
226
249
254
263
271
311
314
318
366
391
402
485
562
572
677

Radius
Of
Gyration
r
cm
2.95
2.95
2.92
2.91
2.87
2.85
2.84
2.83
2.82
2.77
2.73
3.12
3.09
3.07
3.03
2.98
2.94
3.56
3.53
3.52
3.50
3.48
3.46
3.45
3.43
3.39
3.97
3.94
3.93
3.89
3.87
3.86
3.85
3.84
3.79
3.76
3.75
3.67
3.61
4.71
4.66
4.61
4.58
4.49

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Z
cm 3
15.2
15.8
19.1
20.1
24.1
26.3
26.7
27.5
28.4
32.0
32.0
22.0
25.5
27.8
32.9
37.3
37.1
22.4
28.3
29.9
33.0
36.0
39.5
40.2
42.9
49.0
27.9
35.4
37.5
45.3
49.9
50.7
52.5
54.2
62.3
62.8
63.5
73.2
78.1
67.0
80.9
93.7
95.3
113

S
cm 3
17.7
18.4
22.5
23.8
28.8
31.7
32.2
33.4
34.5
39.6
40.1
25.8
30.2
33.1
39.7
45.8
46.1
25.9
33.0
35.0
38.9
42.6
47.1
48.0
51.4
59.5
32.3
41.2
43.7
53.3
59.0
60.2
62.4
64.6
75.1
76.4
77.3
91.1
98.6
78.3
95.4
112
114
138

Torsional
Constants
J
cm 4
90.0
93.6
115
121
147
163
166
172
177
205
214
140
165
180
218
252
261
158
201
214
238
261
289
295
316
368
217
279
296
362
402
410
425
441
514
536
543
645
700
637
778
913
955
1163

* Sizes not included in EN 10219 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

C
cm 3
22.9
23.7
28.7
30.3
36.3
39.7
40.4
41.7
42.9
48.7
50.2
33.0
38.4
41.8
49.7
56.6
57.9
33.6
42.5
44.9
49.6
54.2
59.6
60.6
64.7
74.2
41.9
53.2
56.3
68.1
75.1
76.4
79.1
81.7
94.1
97.0
98.1
114
123
101
122
141
146
175

Surface
Area
Per Metre
m 2/m
0.292
0.292
0.290
0.289
0.286
0.285
0.284
0.284
0.283
0.279
0.273
0.310
0.308
0.306
0.303
0.299
0.293
0.352
0.350
0.349
0.348
0.346
0.345
0.344
0.343
0.339
0.392
0.390
0.389
0.386
0.385
0.384
0.384
0.383
0.379
0.373
0.373
0.366
0.361
0.466
0.463
0.459
0.453
0.446

100
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Square

D
y

t
y

Designation
Size
Thickness
DxD
mm
125x125

150x150

175x175

180x180

200x200

t
mm
2.3
3.0
3.2
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
6.4
9.0
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
6.3
6.4
8.0
9.0
4.0
4.5
5.0
6.0
6.4
9.0
9.5
12.7
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
9.0
10.0
12.0
12.5

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Mass
Per
Metre
kg/m
8.75
11.30
12.00
16.90
17.10
17.80
18.70
22.10
23.20
31.38
13.70
14.50
18.00
20.50
20.80
21.60
22.30
26.40
27.40
28.30
33.90
40.52
21.20
23.70
26.20
31.10
33.40
45.30
48.40
62.50
27.00
32.10
33.30
41.50
50.70
58.50
60.50
30.10
35.80
37.20
46.50
52.30
57.00
66.00
68.30

Area
Of
Section
A
cm 2
11.2
14.4
15.3
21.2
21.6
22.5
23.4
27.6
29.0
39.0
17.4
18.5
22.9
25.7
26.2
27.3
28.4
33.6
34.8
35.4
43.2
48.0
26.9
30.2
33.4
39.6
41.8
57.0
59.8
75.5
34.4
40.8
42.4
52.8
64.6
74.5
77.0
38.4
45.6
47.4
59.2
66.0
72.6
84.1
87.0

Second
Moment
Of Area
I
cm 2
278
355
376
506
515
534
553
641
660
838
623
661
808
896
914
948
982
1146
1174
1189
1412
1537
1303
1449
1591
1864
1942
2546
2650
3124
1737
2037
2096
2546
3017
3322
3406
2410
2833
2922
3566
3918
4251
4730
4859

Radius
Of
Gyration
r
cm
4.99
4.96
4.95
4.89
4.88
4.87
4.86
4.82
4.78
4.64
5.98
5.97
5.93
5.91
5.90
5.89
5.89
5.84
5.80
5.80
5.71
5.66
6.95
6.93
6.91
6.86
6.82
6.68
6.66
6.43
7.11
7.06
7.03
6.94
6.84
6.68
6.65
7.93
7.88
7.85
7.76
7.71
7.65
7.50
7.47

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Z
cm 3
44.5
56.7
60.1
80.9
82.5
85.5
88.4
103
106
134
83.0
88.1
108
120
122
126
131
153
156
158
188
205
149
166
182
213
222
291
303
357
193
226
233
283
335
369
378
241
283
292
357
392
425
473
486

S
cm 3
51.1
65.6
69.6
94.8
96.7
100
104
122
126
165
95.5
101
125
139
142
147
153
180
185
188
226
248
172
192
211
249
261
348
364
443
224
264
273
336
404
454
467
279
330
341
421
465
508
576
594

Torsional
Constants
J
cm 4
430
553
587
804
820
852
884
1038
1101
1454
965
1026
1265
1411
1440
1497
1554
1833
1922
1949
2364
2608
2028
2265
2498
2954
3145
4246
4446
5585
2724
3223
3383
4189
5074
5865
6050
3763
4459
4682
5815
6454
7072
8230
8502

* Sizes not included in EN 10210 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

C
cm 3
66.8
85.1
90.2
122
124
129
133
154
162
208
125
132
162
180
183
190
197
230
239
242
289
316
224
249
273
320
338
446
465
568
290
340
354
432
515
584
600
362
426
444
544
599
651
743
765

Surface
Area
Per Metre
m 2/m
0.492
0.490
0.489
0.485
0.484
0.484
0.483
0.479
0.473
0.461
0.590
0.589
0.586
0.585
0.584
0.584
0.583
0.579
0.573
0.573
0.566
0.561
0.686
0.685
0.683
0.679
0.673
0.661
0.659
0.635
0.703
0.699
0.693
0.686
0.677
0.658
0.656
0.783
0.779
0.773
0.766
0.761
0.757
0.738
0.736

101
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Square

D
y

t
y

Designation
Size
Thickness
DxD
mm
203x203

250x250

254x254

300x300

350x350

400x400

t
mm
4.5
6.4
9.5
12.7
6.0
6.3
8.0
9.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
6.4
9.5
12.7
6.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
16.0
9.0
12.0
16.0
9.0
12.0
16.0

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

Mass
Per
Metre
kg/m
28.10
38.40
56.00
72.60
45.20
47.10
59.10
66.50
72.70
84.80
88.00
48.50
71.20
92.90
54.70
71.60
80.60
88.40
104.00
108.00
138.00
94.70
124.00
163.00
109.00
143.00
188.00

Area
Of
Section
A
cm 2
35.2
48.9
70.4
89.7
57.6
60.0
75.2
84.0
92.6
108
112
62.0
89.8
116
69.6
91.2
102
113
132
137
171
120
156
203
138
180
235

Second
Moment
Of Area
I
cm 2
2295
3103
4288
5161
5672
5873
7229
7984
8707
9859
10160
6257
8781
10830
9964
12800
14180
15520
17770
18350
22080
22970
29050
36510
34790
44320
56150

Radius
Of
Gyration
r
cm
8.07
7.96
7.80
7.58
9.92
9.89
9.80
9.75
9.70
9.55
9.52
10.0
9.89
9.68
12.0
11.8
11.8
11.7
11.6
11.6
11.4
13.8
13.6
13.4
15.9
15.7
15.5

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Z
cm 3
226
306
422
508
454
470
578
639
697
789
813
493
691
853
664
853
946
1035
1184
1223
1472
1312
1660
2086
1739
2216
2808

S
cm 3
261
357
503
621
524
544
676
750
822
944
975
571
813
1023
764
991
1102
1211
1402
1451
1774
1522
1949
2488
2009
2587
3322

Torsional
Constants
J
cm 4
3567
4973
7088
9030
8843
9290
11600
12910
14200
16690
17280
9898
14240
18420
15430
20310
22660
24970
29510
30600
37840
36370
47600
61480
54720
71840
93280

* Sizes not included in EN 10219 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

C
cm 3
339
464
646
801
681
711
878
972
1062
1226
1266
746
1053
1328
997
1293
1434
1572
1829
1892
2299
1987
2552
3238
2630
3395
4336

Surface
Area
Per Metre
m 2/m
0.797
0.785
0.771
0.747
0.979
0.973
0.966
0.961
0.957
0.938
0.936
0.989
0.975
0.951
1.18
1.17
1.16
1.16
1.14
1.14
1.12
1.36
1.34
1.32
1.56
1.54
1.52

102
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Rectangular

B
y

x
t
y

Mass
Per
Metre

Designation
Thickness
Size

DxB

mm
19x9

mm
1.0
1.2
1.6
1.0
1.2
1.6
1.2
1.6
1.0
1.2
1.6
1.0
1.2
1.6
1.0
1.2
1.6
1.0
1.2
1.6
2.0
2.3
2.5
3.0
3.2
2.0
2.5
3.0
4.0
1.6
2.3
2.5
3.0
4.0
4.5
1.6
2.3
3.0
3.2
4.0
1.6
1.9
2.3
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5

25x12

25x13
32x16

38x19

38x25

50x25

50x30

60x40

65x38

75x38

Area
Of
Section
A

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

kg/m
0.411
0.421
0.540
0.555
0.659
0.859
0.670
0.860
0.707
0.838
1.10
0.858
1.02
1.34
0.949
1.13
1.50
1.15
1.37
1.81
2.15
2.48
2.62
3.07
3.41
2.31
2.82
3.30
4.20
2.37
3.33
3.60
4.25
5.45
6.01
2.45
3.40
4.38
4.54
5.64
2.70
3.22
3.86
4.99
5.17
6.27
6.94

cm2
0.494
0.577
0.728
0.674
0.793
1.02
0.817
1.05
0.894
1.06
1.37
1.07
1.27
1.66
1.19
1.42
1.85
1.43
1.71
2.23
2.74
3.10
3.34
3.91
4.13
2.94
3.59
4.21
5.35
3.03
4.25
4.59
5.41
6.95
7.67
3.13
4.39
5.59
5.92
7.19
3.45
4.06
4.85
6.19
6.56
7.99
8.84

Second
Moment Of
Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm4
0.206
0.231
0.268
0.510
0.583
0.705
0.617
0.749
1.15
1.34
1.66
1.99
2.32
2.91
2.40
2.80
3.55
4.69
5.50
7.02
8.38
9.31
9.89
11.2
11.6
9.54
11.3
12.8
15.3
15.2
20.7
22.1
25.4
31.0
33.3
17.8
24.2
29.8
31.3
36.5
25.3
29.4
34.6
42.8
45.0
52.8
57.1

cm
0.645
0.633
0.607
0.869
0.857
0.833
0.869
0.845
1.14
1.12
1.10
1.36
1.35
1.33
1.42
1.41
1.39
1.81
1.80
1.77
1.75
1.73
1.72
1.69
1.68
1.80
1.77
1.75
1.69
2.24
2.20
2.19
2.17
2.11
2.08
2.39
2.35
2.31
2.30
2.25
2.71
2.69
2.67
2.63
2.62
2.57
2.54

cm
0.354
0.346
0.328
0.487
0.478
0.460
0.517
0.500
0.661
0.652
0.634
0.793
0.784
0.766
1.03
1.02
1.00
1.06
1.05
1.03
1.01
1.00
0.991
0.969
0.960
1.21
1.19
1.16
1.12
1.64
1.61
1.60
1.58
1.53
1.51
1.58
1.55
1.51
1.51
1.47
1.60
1.59
1.57
1.54
1.53
1.50
1.47

cm3
0.216
0.243
0.282
0.408
0.467
0.564
0.494
0.599
0.722
0.836
1.04
1.05
1.22
1.53
1.26
1.48
1.87
1.87
2.20
2.81
3.35
3.72
3.95
4.47
4.65
3.81
4.52
5.13
6.10
5.07
6.88
7.36
8.46
10.3
11.1
5.49
7.46
9.18
9.63
11.2
6.76
7.85
9.23
11.4
12.0
14.1
15.2

cm3
0.138
0.153
0.174
0.266
0.302
0.358
0.337
0.402
0.488
0.562
0.688
0.711
0.824
1.02
1.01
1.17
1.48
1.28
1.50
1.90
2.25
2.48
2.62
2.93
3.04
2.86
3.37
3.80
4.46
4.08
5.50
5.87
6.72
8.14
8.72
4.10
5.53
6.75
7.06
8.17
4.66
5.39
6.30
7.72
8.09
9.40
10.1

cm3
0.283
0.323
0.390
0.521
0.604
0.749
0.632
0.786
0.905
1.06
1.34
1.30
1.53
1.95
1.52
1.79
2.30
2.31
2.73
3.53
4.26
4.78
5.11
5.86
6.14
4.74
5.70
6.57
8.05
6.12
8.44
9.06
10.5
13.2
14.3
6.70
9.24
11.5
12.2
14.5
8.3
9.7
11.5
14.5
15.3
18.3
19.9

cm3
0.165
0.188
0.224
0.310
0.358
0.440
0.398
0.492
0.558
0.650
0.818
0.805
0.943
1.20
1.14
1.35
1.72
1.43
1.69
2.17
2.62
2.92
3.12
3.56
3.73
3.33
3.98
4.58
5.58
4.64
6.38
6.84
7.94
9.89
10.7
4.63
6.37
7.93
8.35
9.89
5.21
6.08
7.19
8.98
9.46
11.2
12.3

cm4
0.165
0.187
0.222
0.410
0.473
0.582
0.549
0.679
0.962
1.12
1.41
1.65
1.93
2.46
2.63
3.10
3.99
3.85
4.54
5.85
7.06
7.90
8.43
9.64
10.1
9.77
11.7
13.5
16.5
16.9
23.4
25.1
29.3
36.7
39.9
17.4
24.0
30.0
31.6
37.5
21.2
24.7
29.2
36.6
38.6
45.9
50.0

cm3
0.244
0.273
0.315
0.467
0.532
0.638
0.586
0.707
0.847
0.978
1.21
1.23
1.43
1.79
1.66
1.94
2.45
2.22
2.59
3.29
3.92
4.34
4.60
5.18
5.38
4.84
5.72
6.49
7.71
6.72
9.10
9.72
11.2
13.7
14.7
6.91
9.36
11.5
12.1
14.0
8.03
9.30
10.9
13.4
14.1
16.5
17.8

cm4
0.0621
0.0689
0.0783
0.160
0.181
0.215
0.219
0.262
0.391
0.449
0.550
0.676
0.783
0.973
1.26
1.47
1.85
1.60
1.88
2.37
2.81
3.10
3.28
3.67
3.80
4.29
5.05
5.70
6.69
8.16
11.0
11.7
13.4
16.3
17.4
7.79
10.5
12.8
13.4
15.5
8.85
10.2
12.0
14.7
15.4
17.9
19.2

Radius Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10219 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area Per
Metre

m2/m
0.0526
0.0519
0.0505
0.0706
0.0699
0.0685
0.0719
0.0705
0.0926
0.0919
0.0905
0.111
0.110
0.109
0.123
0.122
0.121
0.147
0.146
0.145
0.143
0.142
0.141
0.140
0.139
0.153
0.151
0.150
0.146
0.195
0.192
0.191
0.190
0.186
0.185
0.201
0.198
0.196
0.195
0.192
0.221
0.219
0.218
0.216
0.215
0.212
0.211

103
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Rectangular

B
y

x
t
y

Mass
Per
Metre

Designation
Thickness
Size

DxB

mm
75x50

mm
1.9
2.3
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
3.0
4.0
3.0
3.6
4.0
5.0
1.9
2.3
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
5.0
6.0
6.3
3.0
3.6
4.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
2.3
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
3.0
3.6
4.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
4.0
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0

80x40
90x50

100x50

100x60

100x75

120x60

120x80

Area
Of
Section
A

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

kg/m
3.60
4.31
5.59
5.80
7.08
7.88
8.04
8.33
8.53
9.92
5.19
6.71
6.13
7.24
7.97
9.70
4.36
5.23
6.60
7.07
8.59
9.70
10.50
12.30
12.50
7.07
8.37
9.22
11.30
13.20
13.50
6.04
8.02
8.33
10.20
11.50
11.70
12.10
12.80
15.10
8.01
9.50
10.50
12.80
15.10
15.50
11.70
14.40
17.00
17.50
21.40

cm2
4.51
5.40
6.91
7.33
8.95
9.92
10.1
10.5
10.9
12.6
6.61
8.55
7.81
9.23
10.1
12.4
5.46
6.55
8.41
8.93
10.9
12.2
13.4
15.6
15.9
9.01
10.7
11.7
14.4
16.8
17.2
7.70
9.91
10.5
12.9
14.4
14.7
15.3
15.9
18.6
10.2
12.1
13.3
16.4
19.2
19.7
14.9
18.4
21.6
22.2
27.2

Second
Moment Of
Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm4
35.5
41.9
52.2
54.9
65.0
70.6
71.6
73.7
75.6
84.4
52.3
64.8
81.9
94.7
103
121
71.6
84.8
106
112
134
147
158
179
176
121
140
153
181
205
203
112
142
150
180
198
201
208
215
245
189
221
241
287
328
327
295
353
406
408
476

cm
2.81
2.79
2.75
2.74
2.69
2.67
2.66
2.65
2.64
2.58
2.81
2.75
3.24
3.20
3.18
3.12
3.62
3.60
3.56
3.55
3.50
3.47
3.44
3.38
3.32
3.66
3.63
3.60
3.55
3.49
3.44
3.82
3.78
3.77
3.73
3.71
3.70
3.69
3.68
3.63
4.30
4.27
4.25
4.19
4.13
4.07
4.44
4.39
4.33
4.28
4.18

cm
2.05
2.04
2.00
2.00
1.96
1.94
1.93
1.92
1.91
1.87
1.63
1.59
2.05
2.02
2.00
1.96
2.12
2.10
2.07
2.06
2.03
2.00
1.98
1.94
1.91
2.46
2.44
2.42
2.37
2.33
2.30
3.06
3.03
3.02
2.99
2.96
2.96
2.95
2.94
2.89
2.51
2.48
2.47
2.42
2.38
2.35
3.24
3.20
3.15
3.12
3.04

cm3
9.48
11.2
13.9
14.6
17.3
18.8
19.1
19.6
20.2
22.5
13.1
16.2
18.2
21.1
22.8
26.8
14.3
17.0
21.3
22.5
26.8
29.3
31.6
35.8
35.1
24.1
28.0
30.5
36.2
41.1
40.7
22.5
28.4
30.0
36.0
39.6
40.3
41.6
42.9
49.0
31.5
36.8
40.1
47.8
54.7
54.5
49.1
58.9
67.7
68.1
79.3

cm3
7.62
8.96
11.1
11.7
13.7
14.9
15.1
15.5
15.9
17.6
8.78
10.7
13.1
15.1
16.3
18.9
9.82
11.6
14.4
15.2
18.0
19.5
21.0
23.5
23.3
18.2
21.1
22.9
26.9
30.4
30.3
19.3
24.3
25.6
30.8
33.7
34.3
35.4
36.5
41.6
21.5
24.9
27.1
32.0
36.3
36.4
39.3
46.9
53.8
54.3
62.9

cm3
11.4
13.6
17.1
18.0
21.7
23.8
24.2
24.9
25.7
29.2
16.5
20.9
22.6
26.4
28.8
34.4
17.6
21.0
26.7
28.2
34.1
37.6
40.8
46.9
46.9
29.6
34.7
37.9
45.6
52.5
52.8
26.6
33.9
35.9
43.7
48.3
49.2
51.0
52.7
61.0
39.2
46.1
50.5
60.9
70.6
71.2
59.8
72.4
84.3
85.6
102.0

cm3
8.65
10.3
12.9
13.6
16.3
17.9
18.2
18.8
19.3
21.9
10.2
12.8
15.0
17.5
19.1
22.7
10.9
13.0
16.4
17.4
20.9
23.0
25.0
28.5
28.6
20.8
24.3
26.6
31.9
36.6
36.9
21.9
27.9
29.5
35.9
39.6
40.3
41.8
43.2
49.9
24.2
28.4
31.1
37.4
43.1
43.7
45.2
54.7
63.5
64.7
76.9

cm4
39.5
46.9
59.3
62.6
75.3
82.7
84.1
86.8
89.5
102
43.9
55.2
76.7
89.6
97.7
116
58.7
69.9
88.6
93.7
113
124
135
154
158
122
143
156
188
216
223
138
177
187
228
253
257
267
276
320
156
184
201
242
280
289
331
402
469
488
584

cm3
12.5
14.8
18.4
19.3
22.9
24.9
25.2
26.0
26.7
29.8
15.3
18.8
22.4
25.8
28.0
32.7
16.9
20.0
25.0
26.4
31.3
34.2
36.8
41.4
42.1
30.6
35.6
38.7
45.8
51.9
53.0
31.0
39.1
41.3
49.7
54.6
55.5
57.4
59.2
67.7
37.1
43.2
47.0
55.8
63.6
65.1
64.9
77.8
89.4
92.1
108.0

cm4
19.1
22.4
27.8
29.2
34.3
37.2
37.7
38.8
39.7
44.1
17.6
21.5
32.7
37.7
40.7
47.4
24.5
29.0
36.1
38.0
44.9
48.9
52.5
58.7
58.2
54.6
63.3
68.7
80.8
91.2
90.9
72.3
91.1
96.2
115
127
129
133
137
156
64.4
74.8
81.2
96.0
109
109
157
188
215
217
252

Radius Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10219 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area Per
Metre

m2/m
0.243
0.242
0.240
0.239
0.236
0.235
0.234
0.234
0.233
0.229
0.230
0.226
0.270
0.268
0.266
0.263
0.293
0.292
0.290
0.289
0.286
0.285
0.283
0.279
0.273
0.310
0.308
0.306
0.303
0.299
0.293
0.342
0.340
0.339
0.336
0.335
0.334
0.334
0.333
0.329
0.350
0.348
0.346
0.343
0.339
0.333
0.386
0.383
0.379
0.373
0.366

104
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Rectangular

B
y

x
t
y

Mass
Per
Metre

Designation
Thickness
Size

DxB

mm
125x50

mm
2.3
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
6.4
2.3
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
5.0
6.0
6.4
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
6.4
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
6.4
9.0
3.0
3.2
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
6.3
6.4
8.0
9.0
9.5
12.7

125x75

150x50

150x75

150x100

Area
Of
Section
A

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

kg/m
6.04
8.02
8.33
10.20
11.50
11.70
12.10
12.80
15.10
15.60
6.95
9.23
9.60
11.80
13.30
14.70
17.20
18.20
9.23
9.60
11.80
13.30
13.50
14.00
14.70
17.30
18.20
10.10
10.90
13.40
15.10
15.30
14.00
16.70
19.70
20.70
27.60
11.58
12.00
14.90
16.90
17.10
17.80
18.30
21.70
22.40
23.20
27.70
31.40
33.30
42.30

cm2
7.70
9.91
10.5
12.9
14.4
14.7
15.3
15.9
18.6
19.4
8.85
11.4
12.1
14.9
16.7
18.4
21.6
22.6
11.4
12.1
14.9
16.7
17.0
17.7
18.4
21.6
22.6
12.9
13.7
16.9
18.9
19.3
20.1
20.9
24.6
25.8
34.5
14.4
15.3
18.9
21.2
21.6
22.5
23.4
27.6
28.5
29.0
35.2
39.0
40.8
50.1

Second
Moment Of
Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm4
148
187
198
238
261
265
274
282
322
322
192
243
257
311
342
373
428
435
299
316
381
420
427
442
456
523
528
380
402
488
539
549
568
588
679
693
865
461
488
595
658
670
695
719
835
848
858
1008
1089
1127
1232

cm
4.39
4.34
4.33
4.28
4.25
4.25
4.23
4.22
4.16
4.08
4.65
4.61
4.60
4.56
4.53
4.50
4.45
4.39
5.12
5.10
5.05
5.02
5.01
5.00
4.99
4.92
4.84
5.42
5.41
5.37
5.34
5.33
5.32
5.31
5.25
5.19
5.01
5.65
5.64
5.60
5.58
5.57
5.56
5.55
5.50
5.45
5.44
5.35
5.29
5.26
4.96

cm
2.15
2.12
2.11
2.07
2.05
2.04
2.04
2.03
1.98
1.95
3.14
3.11
3.10
3.07
3.04
3.02
2.98
2.94
2.15
2.14
2.10
2.08
2.08
2.07
2.06
2.02
1.99
3.17
3.16
3.13
3.11
3.10
3.09
3.08
3.04
3.01
2.89
4.15
4.14
4.10
4.08
4.07
4.06
4.05
4.01
3.98
3.98
3.90
3.85
3.82
3.61

cm3
23.7
29.9
31.6
38.0
41.7
42.4
43.8
45.2
51.5
51.6
30.6
38.9
41.1
49.7
54.8
59.6
68.5
69.6
39.8
42.1
50.9
56.0
57.0
58.9
60.8
69.8
70.4
50.6
53.6
65.1
71.9
73.2
75.8
78.4
90.5
92.4
115
61.4
65.1
79.3
87.7
89.4
92.7
95.9
111
113
114
134
145
150
164

cm3
14.2
17.7
18.7
22.2
24.2
24.6
25.3
26.1
29.3
29.6
23.3
29.5
31.1
37.5
41.2
44.7
51.1
52.2
21.1
22.2
26.5
28.9
29.4
30.3
31.1
35.2
35.7
34.7
36.6
44.2
48.7
49.5
51.2
52.9
60.7
62.2
76.6
49.5
52.5
63.7
70.4
71.7
74.3
76.8
88.8
90.5
91.6
107
115
119
131

cm3
29.9
38.1
40.4
49.0
54.2
55.2
57.2
59.1
68.3
69.6
37.0
47.3
50.1
61.1
67.7
74.1
86.2
88.5
51.4
54.5
66.5
73.6
75.0
77.8
80.5
93.5
95.7
62.5
66.3
81.1
90.0
91.7
95.2
98.6
115
119
153
73.5
78.0
95.7
106
108
113
117
137
140
142
169
185
192
221

cm3
15.7
20.0
21.1
25.5
28.1
28.6
29.6
30.6
35.1
35.9
26.1
33.3
35.3
43.0
47.5
52.0
60.3
62.1
23.5
24.9
30.1
33.2
33.8
35.0
36.2
41.7
42.9
38.7
41.0
50.1
55.5
56.5
58.6
60.7
70.6
73.1
93.6
55.8
59.2
72.5
80.5
82.1
85.2
88.3
103
106
107
128
140
145
167

cm4
93.9
119
126
152
167
170
176
182
209
217
190
243
258
315
349
382
444
467
150
159
192
212
215
223
230
264
275
312
331
404
448
457
474
491
572
603
775
507
539
662
736
751
780
809
948
992
1005
1206
1320
1374
1619

cm3
25.3
31.6
33.4
39.8
43.5
44.2
45.6
47.0
53.1
54.7
39.1
49.5
52.3
63.1
69.5
75.6
86.7
90.3
38.3
40.4
48.3
52.9
53.7
55.4
57.1
64.8
66.9
59.8
63.3
76.6
84.4
85.9
88.9
91.9
105.8
110.4
138.1
81.4
86.2
105
116
118
123
127
147
152
154
182
197
204
234

cm4
35.5
44.4
46.7
55.6
60.6
61.5
63.4
65.2
73.3
74.0
87.5
111
117
141
155
168
192
196
52.6
55.5
66.2
72.2
73.4
75.7
77.9
87.9
89.3
130
137
166
183
186
192
198
228
233
287
248
262
319
352
358
371
384
444
453
458
536
577
597
655

Radius Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10219 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area Per
Metre

m2/m
0.342
0.340
0.339
0.336
0.335
0.334
0.334
0.333
0.329
0.323
0.392
0.390
0.389
0.386
0.385
0.383
0.379
0.373
0.390
0.389
0.386
0.385
0.384
0.384
0.383
0.379
0.373
0.440
0.439
0.436
0.435
0.434
0.434
0.433
0.429
0.423
0.411
0.490
0.489
0.486
0.485
0.484
0.484
0.483
0.479
0.473
0.473
0.466
0.461
0.459
0.435

105
COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

Rectangular

B
y

x
t
y

Mass
Per
Metre

Designation
Thickness
Size

DxB

mm
160x80

mm
5.0
6.0
8.0
4.8
6.4
9.5
12.7
4.8
6.4
9.5
12.7
4.0
4.5
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
6.3
6.4
8.0
9.0
9.5
12.0
12.7
4.5
6.0
6.3
9.0
9.5
12.0
12.7
5.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
9.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
6.0
6.3
10.0
6.0
6.3
8.0
9.0
10.0
12.0
12.5
6.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
12.0
12.5

175x100

175x125

200x100

200x150

250x150

300x100

300x200

400x200

Area
Of
Section
A

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

kg/m
17.50
20.70
26.40
19.70
25.70
37.10
47.30
21.60
28.30
40.90
52.40
18.00
20.50
20.80
21.60
22.30
26.40
27.40
28.30
33.90
40.52
40.90
49.10
52.40
25.40
31.10
33.30
45.30
48.40
58.50
62.50
30.10
35.80
37.20
46.50
52.30
57.00
66.00
68.30
35.8
37.2
57.0
45.20
47.10
59.10
66.50
72.70
84.80
88.00
54.70
71.60
80.60
88.40
104.00
108.00

cm2
22.4
26.4
33.6
24.9
32.2
45.5
56.5
27.3
35.4
50.3
62.8
22.9
25.7
26.2
27.3
28.4
33.6
34.8
35.4
43.2
48.0
50.3
60.1
62.8
30.2
39.6
41.1
57.0
59.8
72.1
75.5
38.4
45.6
47.4
59.2
66.0
72.6
84.1
87.0
45.6
47.4
72.6
57.6
60.0
75.2
84.0
92.6
108
112
69.6
91.2
102
113
132
137

Second
Moment Of
Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y
cm4
722
836
1001
1013
1260
1673
1867
1187
1487
1999
2286
1200
1331
1357
1409
1459
1703
1739
1761
2091
2276
2362
2607
2679
1761
2268
2330
3097
3225
3668
3794
3304
3886
4001
4886
5369
5825
6458
6633
4777
4907
7106
7370
7624
9389
10370
11310
12790
13180
14790
18970
21020
23000
26250
27100

cm4
244
281
335
426
528
694
777
708
886
1184
1356
411
455
463
480
497
577
591
598
705
764
792
876
898
1135
1457
1499
1985
2066
2353
2432
1508
1768
1825
2219
2433
2634
2925
3002
842
868
1224
3962
4104
5042
5561
6058
6854
7060
5092
6517
7204
7864
8977
9260

Radius Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Torsional
Constants

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

cm
5.68
5.62
5.46
6.38
6.26
6.06
5.75
6.60
6.49
6.30
6.03
7.23
7.20
7.20
7.19
7.17
7.12
7.06
7.06
6.95
6.89
6.85
6.59
6.53
7.64
7.56
7.53
7.37
7.34
7.14
7.09
9.28
9.23
9.18
9.08
9.02
8.96
8.77
8.73
10
10
10
11.3
11.3
11.2
11.1
11.1
10.9
10.8
14.6
14.4
14.4
14.3
14.1
14.1

cm
3.30
3.26
3.16
4.14
4.05
3.90
3.71
5.09
5.01
4.85
4.65
4.23
4.21
4.20
4.20
4.19
4.14
4.12
4.11
4.04
3.99
3.97
3.82
3.78
6.13
6.06
6.04
5.90
5.88
5.71
5.67
6.27
6.23
6.20
6.12
6.07
6.02
5.90
5.87
4.30
4.28
4.11
8.29
8.27
8.19
8.14
8.09
7.96
7.94
8.55
8.45
8.40
8.36
8.24
8.22

cm3
90.2
105
125
116
144
191
213
136
170
228
261
120
133
136
141
146
170
174
176
209
228
236
261
268
176
227
233
310
322
367
379
264
311
320
391
430
466
517
531
318
327
474
491
508
626
691
754
853
879
739
949
1051
1150
1312
1355

cm3
61.0
70.2
83.7
85.2
106
139
155
113
142
189
217
82.2
90.9
92.6
96.0
99.4
115
118
120
141
153
158
175
180
151
194
200
265
275
314
324
201
236
243
296
324
351
390
400
168
174
245
396
410
504
556
606
685
706
509
652
720
786
898
926

cm3
113
132
163
142
180
246
288
163
207
285
340
148
165
168
175
181
213
219
222
267
293
306
350
363
209
271
280
379
396
463
482
320
378
391
482
533
582
658
678
411
425
631
588
610
757
840
921
1056
1091
906
1173
1305
1434
1656
1714

cm3
69.7
81.3
100
96.7
122
166
195
129
164
226
270
91.7
102
104
108
112
132
135
137
165
180
188
215
223
172
223
230
312
326
380
396
225
266
276
340
375
409
463
477
188
194
285
446
463
574
637
698
801
828
562
728
809
888
1027
1062

cm4
601
702
882
969
1251
1719
2052
1410
1832
2554
3129
985
1097
1119
1163
1206
1417
1483
1503
1811
1988
2073
2414
2496
2169
2826
2965
4055
4244
5099
5316
3285
3886
4078
5050
5596
6121
7088
7315
2403
2515
3681
8115
8524
10630
11820
12990
15240
15770
12070
15820
17620
19370
22780
23590

cm3
106
122
150
144
182
243
283
184
234
317
377
142
157
160
166
172
200
208
210
250
272
282
322
331
243
313
325
435
454
532
552
337
396
412
504
554
602
684
704
306
318
455
651
680
838
927
1012
1167
1204
877
1133
1255
1373
1591
1644

* Sizes not included in BS EN 10219 Part 2 (1997)

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Surface
Area Per
Metre

m2/m
0.463
0.459
0.446
0.534
0.523
0.509
0.485
0.584
0.573
0.559
0.535
0.586
0.585
0.584
0.584
0.583
0.579
0.573
0.573
0.566
0.561
0.559
0.538
0.535
0.685
0.679
0.673
0.661
0.659
0.638
0.635
0.783
0.779
0.773
0.766
0.761
0.757
0.738
0.736
0.779
0.773
0.757
0.979
0.973
0.966
0.961
0.957
0.938
0.936
1.18
1.17
1.16
1.16
1.14
1.14

COLD FORMED HOLLOW SECTIONS

106

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

107
CHANNELS

Tapered Flange

r1

r2

x
cy

Metric

Designation
Size

Thickness

Root

Radius

Area

Centre

Second

Radius

Elastic

Of
Section

Of
Gravity

Moment
Of Area

Of
Gyration

Modulus

Web

r1

r2

Cy

Ix

Iy

rx

ry

Zx

Zy

mm

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

mm

cm2

cm

cm4

cm4

cm

cm

cm3

cm4

50x25x5

3.86

5.0

6.0

4.92

0.81

16.8

2.49

1.85

0.71

6.73

1.48

75x40x5

6.92

5.0

7.0

8.82

1.27

75.9

12.4

2.93

1.19

20.2

4.54

100x50x5

9.36

5.0

7.5

11.9

1.55

189

26.9

3.99

1.50

37.8

7.82

125x65x6

13.40

6.0

8.0

17.1

1.94

425

65.5

4.99

1.96

68.0

14.4

150x75x6.5

18.60

6.5

10.0

10

23.7

2.31

864

122

6.04

2.27

115

23.6

150x75x9

24.00

9.0

12.5

15

7.5

30.5

2.31

1060

151

5.90

2.22

141

29.1

180x75x7

21.40

7.0

10.5

11

5.5

27.2

2.15

1380

137

7.12

2.24

154

25.5

180x90x7.5

27.10

7.5

12.5

13

6.5

34.6

2.85

1840

258

7.29

2.73

204

42.0

200x80x7.5

24.60

7.5

11.0

12

31.3

2.24

1950

177

7.89

2.38

195

30.8

200x90x8

30.30

8.0

13.5

14

38.7

2.77

2490

286

8.02

2.72

249

45.9

230x80x8

28.40

8.0

12.0

13

6.5

36.1

2.15

2900

200

8.96

2.35

252

34.2

230x90x8.5

33.10

8.5

13.5

15

7.5

42.1

2.58

3490

303

9.10

2.68

304

47.3

250x80x8

30.20

8.0

12.5

14

38.5

2.11

3630

210

9.71

2.34

291

35.7

250x90x9

34.60

9.0

13.0

14

44.1

2.42

4180

306

9.74

2.63

335

46.5

250x90x11

40.20

11.0

14.5

17

8.5

51.2

2.39

4690

342

9.47

2.58

375

51.7

280x100x9

38.80

9.0

13.0

14

49.4

2.64

5930

428

11.0

2.94

423

58.2

280x100x11.5

48.20

11.5

16.0

18

61.4

2.68

7150

515

10.8

2.90

510

70.4

300x90x9

38.10

9.0

12.0

14

48.6

2.23

6440

325

11.5

2.59

429

48.0

300x90x10

43.80

10.0

15.5

19

9.5

55.7

2.33

7400

373

11.5

2.59

494

56.0

300x90x12

48.60

12.0

16.0

19

9.5

61.9

2.28

7870

379

11.3

2.48

525

56.4

380x100x10.5

54.50

10.5

16.0

18

69.4

2.41

14500

557

14.5

2.83

762

73.3

380x100x13

62.00

13.0

16.5

18

79.0

2.29

15600

584

14.1

2.72

822

75.8

DxBxt

Flange

Toe

Mass
Per
Metre

Note : The flange thickness is measured at the centre of the flange

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

108
CHANNELS

Tapered Flange

r1

r2
x

Imperial

Cy

Designation
Size

Thickness

Root

Radius

Area

Centre

Second

Radius

Elastic

Of
Section

Of
Gravity

moment
Of Area

Of
Gyration

Modulus

Mass
Per
Metre

Web

r1

r2

Cy

Ix

Iy

rx

ry

Zx

Zy

mm

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

mm

cm2

cm

cm4

cm4

cm

cm

cm3

cm4

102x51(4 x 2)

10.42

6.1

7.6

9.1

2.4

13.3

1.51

207

29.0

3.95

1.48

40.8

8.14

127x64 (5 x 21/2)

14.90

6.4

9.2

10.7

2.4

19.0

1.94

483

67.2

5.04

1.88

76.0

15.3

152x76 (6 x 3)

17.88

6.4

9.0

12.2

2.4

22.8

2.21

852

114

6.12

2.24

112

21.1

152x89 (6 x 31/2)

23.84

7.1

11.6

13.7

3.2

30.4

2.86

1166

215

6.20

2.66

153

35.7

178x76 (7 x 3)

20.84

6.6

10.3

12.2

3.2

26.5

2.20

1337

134

7.10

2.25

150

24.7

178x89 (7 x 31/2)

26.81

7.6

12.3

13.7

3.2

34.2

2.76

1753

241

7.16

2.66

197

39.3

203x76 (8 x 3)

23.82

7.1

11.2

12.2

3.2

30.3

2.13

1950

151

8.02

2.23

192

27.6

203x89 (8 x 31/2)

29.78

8.1

12.9

13.7

3.2

37.9

2.65

2491

264

8.10

2.64

245

42.3

229x76 (9 x 3)

26.06

7.6

11.2

12.2

3.2

33.2

2.00

2610

159

8.87

2.19

228

28.2

229x89 (9 x 31/2)

32.76

8.6

13.3

13.7

3.2

41.7

2.53

3387

285

9.01

2.61

296

44.8

254x76 (10 x 3)

28.29

8.1

10.9

12.2

3.2

36.0

1.86

3367

163

9.67

2.12

265

28.2

254x89 (10 x 31/2)

35.74

9.1

13.6

13.7

3.2

45.5

2.42

4448

302

9.88

2.58

350

46.7

305x89 (12 x 31/2)

41.69

10.2

13.7

13.7

3.2

53.1

2.18

7061

325

11.5

2.48

463

48.5

305x102 (12 x 4)

46.18

10.2

14.8

15.2

4.8

58.8

2.66

8214

500

11.8

2.91

539

66.6

381x102 (15 x 4)

55.10

10.4

16.3

15.2

4.8

70.2

2.52

14890

580

14.6

2.87

782

75.9

432x102 (17 x 4)

65.54

12.2

16.8

15.2

4.8

83.5

2.32

21400

629

16.0

2.74

991

80.1

DxB

Flange

Toe

Note : The flange thickness is measured at the centre of the flange

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

109
CHANNELS

Parallel Flange

T
r1
D

cy

t
y

Designation
Size
Mass
Per
DxB
Metre
100x50
125x65
150x75
150x90
180x75
180x90
200x75
200x90
230x75
230x90
250x90
260x75
260x90
300x90
300x100
380x100
430x100

kg/m
10.2
14.8
17.9
23.9
20.3
26.1
23.4
29.7
25.7
32.2
35.5
27.6
34.8
41.4
45.5
54.0
64.4

Designation
Size
Mass
Per
DxB
Metre
100x50
125x65
150x75
150x90
180x75
180x90
200x75
200x90
230x75
230x90
250x90
260x75
260x90
300x90
300x100
380x100
430x100

kg/m
10.2
14.8
17.9
23.9
20.3
26.1
23.4
29.7
25.7
32.2
35.5
27.6
34.8
41.4
45.5
54.0
64.4

Thickness
Root
Depth
Area Of
Web
Flange Radius Between Section
Fillets
t
T
r1
d
A
mm
5.0
5.5
5.5
6.5
6.0
6.5
6.0
7.0
6.5
7.5
8.0
7.0
8.0
9.0
9.0
9.5
11.0

mm
8.5
9.5
10.0
12.0
10.5
12.5
12.5
14.0
12.5
14.0
15.0
12.0
14.0
15.5
16.5
17.5
19.0

mm
9
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
15
15
15

mm
65.0
82.0
106
102
135
131
151
148
181
178
220
212
208
245
237
315
362

cm2
13.0
18.8
22.8
30.4
25.9
33.2
29.9
37.9
32.7
41.0
45.2
35.1
44.4
52.7
58.0
68.7
82.1

Centre
Of
Gravity
Cy
cm
1.73
2.25
2.58
3.30
2.41
3.17
2.48
3.12
2.30
2.92
2.86
2.10
2.74
2.60
3.05
2.79
2.62

Radius
Of Gyration
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Elastic
Modulus
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

Plastic
Modulus
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

cm
4.00
5.07
6.15
6.18
7.27
7.40
8.11
8.16
9.17
9.27
9.99
10.1
10.3
11.7
11.9
14.8
16.3

cm3
41.5
77.3
115
155
152
202
196
252
239
306
361
278
364
481
549
791
1020

cm3
48.9
89.9
132
179
176
232
227
291
278
355
421
328
425
568
641
933
1222

cm
1.58
2.06
2.40
2.89
2.38
2.89
2.39
2.89
2.35
2.86
2.84
2.30
2.82
2.77
3.13
3.06
2.97

cm3
9.89
18.8
26.6
44.4
28.8
47.4
33.8
53.4
34.8
55.0
59.3
34.4
56.3
63.1
81.7
89.2
97.9

cm3
17.5
33.2
47.2
76.9
51.8
83.5
60.6
94.5
63.2
98.9
107
62.0
102
114
148
161
176

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange
Web

Second Moment
Of Area
Axis
Axis
x-x
y-y

B/T
5.88
6.84
7.50
7.50
7.14
7.20
6.00
6.43
6.00
6.43
6.00
6.25
6.43
5.81
6.06
5.71
5.26

d/t
13.0
14.9
19.3
15.7
22.5
20.2
25.2
21.1
27.8
23.7
27.5
30.3
26.0
27.2
26.3
33.2
32.9

cm4
208
483
861
1162
1370
1817
1963
2523
2748
3518
4510
3619
4728
7218
8229
15030
21940

cm4
32.3
80.0
131
253
146
277
170
314
181
334
364
185
353
404
568
643
722

Buckling
Parameter

Torsional
Index

Warping
Constant

Torsional
Constant

10.0
11.1
13.1
10.8
15.3
12.8
14.8
12.9
17.3
15.1
15.5
20.5
17.2
18.4
17.0
21.2
22.5

dm6
0.000491
0.00194
0.00467
0.00890
0.00754
0.0141
0.0107
0.0197
0.0153
0.0279
0.0359
0.0203
0.0379
0.0581
0.0813
0.150
0.219

cm4
2.53
4.72
6.10
11.8
7.34
13.3
11.1
18.3
11.8
19.3
23.8
11.7
20.6
28.8
36.8
45.7
63.0

0.942
0.942
0.946
0.936
0.946
0.949
0.956
0.954
0.947
0.950
0.948
0.932
0.942
0.934
0.944
0.932
0.917

CHANNELS

110

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PURLINS

111

Purlins

General
Introduction
Light-gauge plain and lipped channels are cold roll-formed from hot-rolled steel
strips/coils of material according to JIS 3101 Grade SS400 (1995), or EN 10025
(1993). The sections are cold roll-formed according to JIS 3350 Grade SSC400
(1987), SPIM C100, SS104 (1996), or BS 5950 Part 7 (1992). The cold roll-forming of
channels produces sections with excellent mechanical properties and yet light in
weight. They are specially designed to ensure the ability to resist forces applied onto
them.
High-tensile galvanised C and Z purlins (sections) are cold roll-formed from high
tensile Zinc coated steel sheets according to ASTM A446 (replaced by ASTM A653
(1997) and A924 (1997). Due to the lightweight, the high strength of the steel and the
Zinc-coated surface, high-tensile galvanised C and Z purlins are versatile and
economic in use. They require minimal maintenance throughout the life span of the
buildings.
The light-gauge channels and high-tensile galvanised purlins are suitable for roofing
and wall cladding supports and for structural frames of buildings. Because of the
lightweight of the sections, no heavy equipment is needed to move them from one
place to another, or for the fabrication of the structure.

Z-Purlin

C-Purlin
Figure 9 C and Z Purlins

Material specifications
Light-Gauge Plain and Lipped Channels
Specification

Strength
Yield

JIS 3350 SSC400


SPIM C100

Tolerances

Tensile

Height

N/mm2

N/mm2

H<150

150-300

H>300

min. 245
-

400-540
min. 295

1.5mm
1.5mm

2.0mm
2.0mm

3.0mm
3.0mm

SS 104

250/450

430/480

1.5mm

2.0mm

3.0mm

BS5950 Part7*

min. 235

340-470

1.0mm

1.25mm

2.0mm

Notes:

Side

Lip

Corner

1.5mm
1.5mm

2.0mm
2.0mm

1.5
-

1.5mm

2.0mm

1.0

As for Height 2.0/3.0

1.0

Angle

*For BS5950 Part 7: The yield and tensile strengths are given by EN 10025 (1993) and are the smallest strengths
from this standard. The intervals between heights are: H<50mm, 50-100, 100-200, H>200mm (first interval
excluded here). The tolerance for the side length is split in two t<3mm/ 3 t <8mm.

Table 20 Purlins: Material specifications and tolerances

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PURLINS

112

Specification

JIS 3350 SSC400

Length
L>7m
*L>6m

1.6mm

+40mm

7m+Xm:
X*5mm

0.22mm

0.25mm

0.22mm

-0mm
SPIM C100

BS5950 P7**

2.8mm

3.0mm

4.0mm

-3.2mm

-4.5mm

0.28mm

0.30mm

0.45mm

0.60mm

0.25mm

0.28mm

0.30mm

0.45mm

0.60mm

+0.20mm

+0.20mm

+0.25mm

+0.30mm

+0.35mm

+0.40mm

-0.10mm

-0.12mm

-0.15mm

-0.17mm

-0.20mm

-0.22mm

0.17mm

0.18mm

0.20mm

0.22mm

0.24mm

0.26mm

-2.3mm

6.0mm

7m+Xm:
X*5mm
+40mm

+30mm
-5.0mm

Notes:

2.0mm

+40mm

+40mm
-0mm

SS104*

Thickness

L
7m
*L6m

6m+Xm:
X*5mm
+40mm

3.0mm

*For SS104 the tolerance for the length has a change at 6metres, and the intervals between the thickness are:
t<2.0mm, 2.0-2.5, 2.5-3.0, 3.0-3.5, 3.5-4.0, 4.0-4.5, 4.5-5.0, 5.0-6.0mm (the two last intervals excluded from the
table).
**For BS5950 Part 7 the intervals between thickness are: t<2.0mm, 2.0-2.5, 2.5-3.0, 3.0-4.0, 4.0-5.0, 5.0-6.0,
6.0-7.0, 8.0-10.0, 10.0-12.5, 12.5-15.0, 15.0-25.0mm, (the five last intervals excluded from the table).

Table 21 Purlins: Tolerances on length and thickness

High-Tensile Galvanised C and Z Purlins


Steel grade

Base steel
Thickness

ASTM A446,
Grade E (mod.)
&
AS 1397 G450

Mechanical properties
Yield
strength

Tensile
strength

1.6mm,
min.
min.
2.0mm and
2
450
N/mm
510
N/mm2
2.5 mm

Tolerances

Zinc

Minimum
elongation

Depth

Flange
width

Length

Hole
Centres

10%

1mm

2mm

3mm

1.5mm

coating
min.
275g/m2
coating

Table 22 High-Tensile Galvanised Purlins: Mechanical properties/Tolerances

Storage and handling


C and Z Purlins should be kept dry during storage before use. They should be stacked
clear of the ground with timber sleepers and covered to prevent bundles from getting
wet. If bundles become wet during transportation or storage, the purlins must be
separated and wiped dry with clean cloth as soon as possible.
Care must be taken to prevent bundles or loose pieces from dropping to the ground or
banging against the building during loading and unloading, or when lifting onto the top
of the building.

Purlin selection tables for roofing application


A handy guide for selection of appropriate size for high-tensile galvanised purlins in
accordance with the bay width or column spacing of the building are given in Table 23
and Table 24. Note the given roof decking and be aware that these tables can only be
used for the specified loading. For other roof decking the designer has to calculate to
find the appropriate size.
The purlin selection tables are derived based on BS 5950 Part 5 (1987): Code of
practice for design of cold formed sections.
The purlin selection tables are only applicable for a roof pitch less than or equal to
30 and for simply supported purlins with pinned joints over supports.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PURLINS

113

Besides dead load arising from the roofs self weight, the purlins are designed based
on a live load of 0.25 kN/m2 (Malaysia Building Bylaw Clause 63) and uplifting wind
2
load of 0.50 kN/m .
i)
1.4 D.L. +1.6 L.L. (The most severe inward loading combination)
ii)
1.0 D.L. +1.4 L.L. (The most severe outward loading combination)
Under serviceability limit state the limiting deflection under total load is L/150
whereas under live load only is L/180 (where L is the purlin span).
The high-tensile galvanised purlins have yield strength of minimum 450 N/mm2.
All purlins shall have at least one bridging at mid span. For purlins in shaded areas
there should be two bridgings provided at lengths L/3 and 2L/3 between the supports.

in mm

Span

Purlin spacing
1200mm c/c

Purlin spacing
1500mm c/c

Purlin spacing
1800mm c/c

Purlin spacing
2100mm c/c

5000

SC 100-16

SC 100-20

SC 150-16

SC 150-16

6000

SC 150-16

SC 150-16

SC 150-16

SC 150-20

7000

SC 100-20

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

7500

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

SC 200-20

SC 200-16

8000

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

9000

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

SC 200-20

SC 200-25

10000

SC 200-20

SC 200-25

11000

SC 200-25

Notes:

STEELOK roof decking (0.61mm TCT at 6.55 kg/m2 distributed load) on C.

Table 23 High-Tensile Galvanised Purlins: Purlin selection table 1

in mm

Span

Purlin spacing
1200mm c/c

Purlin spacing
1500mm c/c

Purlin spacing
1800mm c/c

Purlin spacing
2100mm c/c

5000

SC 100-20

SC 100-20

SC 150-16

SC 150-16

6000

SC 150-16

SC 150-16

SC 150-16

SC 150-20

7000

SC 150-20

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

7500

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

SC 200-20

SC 200-16

8000

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

SC 200-16

SC 200-20

9000

SC 200-16

SC 200-20

SC 200-25

SC 200-25

10000

SC 200-20

SC 200-25

Notes:

STEELOK roof decking (0.61mm TCT at 6.55 kg/m2 distributed load) on 50mm thick insulation
wool (32 kg/m3) on 1 layer Aluminium Foil on 1 layer Chicken mesh on C purlin.

Table 24 High-Tensile Galvanised Purlins: Purlin selection table 2

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PURLINS

114

Holing and cleating for C Purlins


The figures under show the positioning of the holes on both the purlins,
Figure 10, and the cleats, see Figure 12, and Table 25 shows the measures of the
cleat. The holes for the SC 150 and 200 series are oval with length 22mm and width
18mm, see Figure 11 Cleat hole size for SC 150 and SC 200 series.
25m

35m

35m

60m
m

110m
m

50m

SC 100 Series
Hole size 14mm dia.

SC 200 Series
Elongated holes size
18mm x 22mm

SC 150 Series
Elongated holes size
18mm x 22mm

Figure 10 Holing and cleats for C purlins


22mm

18mm

Figure 11 Cleat hole size for SC 150 and SC 200 series

80 mm

C
Notes:

Holes 18mm diameter.

Figure 12 Hole positioning for cleats with 8mm thickness

C-section
sizes

Dimensions in mm
B

150
200

145
195

60
110

55
55

Table 25 High-Tensile Galvanised Purlins: Cleat holes position

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

115
PURLINS

Plain Channels

Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre
DxB
mm
kg/m
60x30
75x45

100x50

125x50

150x65

175x75

200x75

225x75

250x75

Thickness

t
mm

t
cy

Area
Centre
Of
Of
Section Gravity
A
cm2

Cy
cm

Second
Moment
Of Area
Ix

Iy

cm4

cm4

Radius
Of
Gyration
rx
cm

ry
cm

Elastic
Modulus

Zx

Zy

cm3

cm3

Plastic
Modulus

Sx

Sy

Buckling Torsional Warping Torsional


Constant
Index
Constant Constant

cm3 mm3

dm6 x 10-3

cm4

1.44

1.6

1.84

0.823

10.3

1.63

2.37 0.944

3.45

0.751 4.00 1.37

0.897

29.7

0.0101

0.0165

2.03

2.3

2.59

0.856

14.2

2.25

2.34 0.932

4.72

1.05

0.891

20.4

0.0138

0.0490

5.54 1.94

2.00

1.6

2.56

1.30

23.9

5.37

3.06

1.45

6.37

1.68

7.22 5.85

0.891

37.7

0.0528

0.0226

2.84

2.3

3.62

1.34

33.1

7.49

3.02

1.44

8.83

2.37

10.1 7.83

0.885

26.1

0.0739

0.0673

3.65

3.0

4.65

1.37

41.7

9.46

2.99

1.43

11.1

3.02

12.9 9.51

0.878

19.9

0.0939

0.150

2.44

1.6

3.12

1.32

50.0

7.87

4.01

1.59

10.0

2.14

11.5 3.88

0.901

50.1

0.136

0.0274

3.47

2.3

4.43

1.36

69.9

11.0

3.97

1.58

14.0

3.03

16.1 5.52

0.898

34.6

0.189

0.0815

4.47

3.0

5.70

1.39

88.6

14.0

3.94

1.57

17.7

3.88

20.6 7.12

0.895

26.3

0.240

0.181

3.92

2.3

5.00

1.21

117

11.8

4.85

1.54

18.8

3.12

22.0 5.72

0.900

43.2

0.315

0.0916

5.06

3.0

6.45

1.24

149

15.1

4.81

1.53

23.9

4.01

28.2 7.46

0.898

32.7

0.397

0.204

7.42

4.5

9.46

1.31

212

21.4

4.74

1.51

34.0

5.81

40.6 11.2

0.895

21.3

0.555

0.689

4.91

2.3

6.27

1.61

218

25.8

5.90

2.03

29.1

5.29

33.7 9.56

0.902

52.2

1.00

0.114

6.36

3.0

8.10

1.64

279

33.1

5.87

2.02

37.2

6.81

43.4 12.4

0.900

39.7

1.27

0.253

9.36

4.5

11.9

1.71

401

47.6

5.79

2.00

53.4

9.94

63.0 18.5

0.897

26.0

1.81

0.856

5.73

2.3

7.30

1.83

347

40.2

6.89

2.35

39.7

7.09

45.9 12.8

0.902

61.1

2.12

0.132

7.42

3.0

9.45

1.86

445

51.5

6.86

2.33

50.8

9.14

59.1 16.6

0.901

46.5

2.70

0.294

10.95

4.5

14.0

1.93

643

74.6

6.79

2.31

73.5

13.4

86.3 24.8

0.898

30.6

3.87

0.992

6.18

2.3

7.88

1.71

473

41.7

7.75

2.30

47.3

7.21

55.4 13.0

0.899

70.0

2.88

0.142

8.01

3.0

10.2

1.74

608

53.6

7.72

2.29

60.8

9.30

71.4 16.9

0.898

53.3

3.67

0.316

11.84

4.5

15.1

1.80

881

77.7

7.64

2.27

88.1

13.6

104 25.6

0.897

35.0

5.24

1.07

6.63

2.3

8.45

1.60

624

43.1

8.60

2.26

55.5

7.30

65.6 13.2

0.894

79.0

3.79

0.152

8.59

3.0

11.0

1.63

803

55.4

8.56

2.25

71.3

9.43

84.6 17.3

0.894

60.1

4.83

0.339

12.72

4.5

16.2

1.70

1166

80.4

8.48

2.23

104

13.8

124 26.3

0.893

39.4

6.88

1.14

7.08

2.3

9.03

1.50

802

44.3

9.43

2.22

64.2

7.39

76.5 13.4

0.888

88.2

4.84

0.163

9.18

3.0

11.7

1.54

1032

56.9

9.39

2.21

82.5

9.54

98.8 17.6

0.888

67.1

6.17

0.361

13.60

4.5

17.3

1.60

1502

82.7

9.31

2.18

120

14.0

145 27.1

0.888

44.0

8.79

1.22

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

116
PURLINS

Lipped Channels

y
t

r2
D
D

x
r1

Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre
DxBxC
mm
60x30x10
75x45x15

kg/m

Thickness

t
mm

Inside
Outside
Radius
r1

r2

mm mm

Area
Centre
Of
Of
Section Gravity

Second
Moment
Of Area

Radius
Of
Gyration

Cy

Ix

Iy

rx

ry

cm2

cm

cm4

cm4

cm

cm

Elastic
Plastic
Modulus

Zx

Zy

Sx

Sy

x
Cy
y

Buckling Torsional
Constant
Index

cm3 cm3 cm3 cm3

Warp
Torsion
Constant

dm6 x 10-3

cm4

1.62

1.6

4.0

2.4

2.05

1.06

11.4 2.50 2.36 1.10 3.81 1.29 4.48 2.12

0.808

35.5

0.0219

0.0182

2.25

2.3

5.8

3.5

2.83

1.05

15.2 3.20 2.32 1.06 5.06 1.64 6.05 2.57

0.801

24.5

0.0281

0.0530

2.31

1.6

4.0

2.4

2.93

1.72

26.8 8.59 3.03 1.71 7.15 3.09 8.27 4.62

0.776

46.7

0.129

0.0258

3.24

2.3

5.8

3.5

4.09

1.71

36.5 11.5 2.99 1.67 9.73 4.11 11.4 6.31

0.772

32.2

0.171

0.0754

4.12

3.0

7.5

4.5

5.18

1.70

44.9 13.8 2.94 1.63 12.0 4.94 14.2 7.79

0.769

24.5

0.206

0.165

4.37

3.2

8.0

4.8

5.48

1.70

47.1 14.4 2.93 1.62 12.6 5.15 14.9 8.18

0.767

22.9

0.215

0.199

100x50x20 2.88

1.6

4.0

2.4

3.65

1.86

57.9 13.8 3.98 1.95 11.6 4.41 13.5 6.73

0.788

62.9

0.373

0.032

79.6 18.7 3.94 1.91 15.9 5.95 18.7 9.28

4.06

2.3

5.8

3.5

5.13

1.86

5.18

3.0

7.5

4.5

6.53

1.85

99

22.9 3.90 1.87 19.8 7.27 23.6 11.6

0.785

43.5

0.503

0.094

0.781

33.1

0.616

0.205

5.50

3.2

8.0

4.8

6.92

1.85

104 24.0 3.88 1.86 20.9 7.60 24.9 12.2

0.780

31.0

0.645

0.248

6.71

4.0

10.0 6.0

8.41

1.84

123 27.7 3.83 1.82 24.7 8.79 29.8 14.5

0.775

24.7

0.747

0.478

7.43

4.5

11.3 6.8

9.29

1.84

134 29.7 3.80 1.79 26.8 9.40 32.6 14.4

0.772

21.8

0.802

0.674

125x50x20 4.51

2.3

5.8

3.5

5.70

1.68

135 20.3 4.86 1.89 21.5 6.11 25.5 8.91

0.819

51.6

0.767

0.104

5.77

3.0

7.5

4.5

7.28

1.68

169 24.8 4.81 1.85 27.0 7.47 32.2 11.2

0.814

39.4

0.942

0.228

6.13

3.2

8.0

4.8

7.72

1.68

178 26.0 4.80 1.84 28.4 7.82 34.0 11.8

0.813

36.9

0.987

0.275

7.50

4.0

10.0 6.0

9.41

1.67

212 30.2 4.74 1.79 33.9 9.05 40.9 14.1

0.808

29.4

1.15

0.531

8.31

4.5

11.3 6.8

10.4

1.66

231 32.3 4.71 1.76 36.9

0.804

26.1

1.24

0.750

9.7 45.0 15.4

150x65x20 5.50

2.3

5.8

3.5

6.97

2.11

245 40.5 5.93 2.41 32.7 9.23 38.1 13.8

0.840

59.6

2.03

0.126

7.07

3.0

7.5

4.5

8.93

2.10

310 50.2 5.89 2.37 41.3 11.4 48.4 17.4

0.836

45.6

2.53

0.277

7.51

3.2

8.0

4.8

9.48

2.10

327 52.7 5.87 2.36 43.6 12.0 51.2 18.4

0.835

42.7

2.66

0.336

9.22

4.0

10.0 6.0

11.6

2.09

393 62.0 5.82 2.31 52.4 14.1 62.1 22.1

0.831

34.1

3.14

0.649

10.25

4.5

11.3 6.8

12.9

2.09

432 67.1 5.78 2.28 57.5 15.2 68.5 24.2

0.828

30.3

3.41

0.917

175x75x20 6.31

2.3

5.8

3.5

8.00

2.34

386 60.3 6.95 2.75 44.1 11.7 51.1 17.8

0.853

68.0

3.92

0.144

8.13

3.0

7.5

4.5

10.3

2.33

489 75.1 6.90 2.70 55.9 14.5 65.2 22.5

0.850

52.0

4.90

0.318

8.63

3.2

8.0

4.8

10.9

2.33

518 79.1 6.88 2.69 59.1 15.3 69.1 23.7

0.849

48.7

5.17

0.385

10.63

4.0

10.0 6.0

13.4

2.32

626 93.6 6.83 2.64 71.5 18.1 84.1 28.7

0.845

38.9

6.15

0.745

11.84

4.5

11.3 6.8

14.9

2.31

689

102 6.80 2.61 78.7 19.6 93.0 31.6

0.842

34.6

6.71

1.05

200x75x20 6.76

2.3

5.8

8.58

2.19

527 63.0 7.84 2.71 52.7 11.9 61.5 18.0

0.860

76.8

5.22

0.154

3.5

8.71

3.0

7.5

4.5

11.0

2.18

669 78.5 7.79 2.67 66.9 14.8 78.5 22.9

0.856

58.8

6.53

0.340

9.27

3.2

8.0

4.8

11.7

2.18

708 82.6 7.77 2.65 70.8 15.5 83.2 24.3

0.855

55.1

6.89

0.412

11.40

4.0

10.0 6.0

14.4

2.17

857

98

7.71 2.61 85.7 18.4 101 29.5

0.850

44.1

8.22

0.798

12.73

4.5

11.3 6.8

16.0

2.17

945

106 7.68 2.57 94.5 19.9 112 32.6

0.847

39.2

8.98

1.13

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

117
PURLINS

Lipped Channels

y
t

r2
D
D

x
r1

Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre
DxBxC
mm

kg/m

Thickness

t
mm

Inside
Outside
Radius
r1

r2

mm mm

Area
Centre
Of
Of
Section Gravity

Second
Moment
Of Area

Radius
Of
Gyration

Cy

Ix

Iy

rx

ry

cm2

cm

cm4

cm4

cm

cm

Elastic
Plastic
Modulus

Zx

Zy

Sx

Sy

x
Cy
y

Buckling Torsional
Constant
Index

cm3 cm3 cm3 cm3

Warp
Torsion
Constant

dm6 x 10-3

cm4

200x75x25 6.95

2.3

5.8

3.5

8.81

2.33

540 69.0 7.83 2.80 54.0 13.3 63.3 19.6

0.846

79.2

6.07

0.158

8.93

3.0

7.5

4.5

11.3

2.32

687 86.3 7.78 2.76 68.7 16.7 80.8 24.9

0.843

60.6

7.62

0.349

9.52

3.2

8.0

4.8

12.0

2.32

727 90.9 7.77 2.75 72.7 17.5 85.7 26.4

0.842

56.8

8.03

0.423

11.70

4.0

10.0 6.0

14.8

2.31

881

108 7.71 2.70 88.1 20.8 105 32.0

0.838

45.3

9.59

0.819

13.10

4.5

11.3 6.8

16.5

2.31

972

118 7.68 2.67 97.2 22.7 116 35.4

0.835

40.3

10.5

1.16

225x75x20 7.21

2.3

5.8

3.5

9.15

2.06

694 65.3 8.71 2.67 61.7 12.0 72.6 18.3

0.862

85.8

6.74

0.165

9.30

3.0

7.5

4.5

11.8

2.05

883 81.4 8.66 2.63 78.4 14.9 92.8 23.4

0.858

65.8

8.46

0.363

9.89

3.2

8.0

4.8

12.5

2.05

934 85.7 8.64 2.62 83.1 15.7 98.4 24.8

0.857

61.7

8.92

0.439

12.20

4.0

10.0 6.0

15.4

2.05

1134 101 8.58 2.57 101 18.6 120 30.3

0.852

49.4

10.7

0.851

13.61

4.5

11.3 6.8

17.2

2.04

1252 110 8.54 2.53 111 20.2 133 33.6

0.849

43.9

11.6

1.206

225x75x25 7.40

2.3

5.8

3.5

9.38

2.19

713 71.6 8.72 2.76 63.3 13.5 74.6 19.9

0.851

87.9

7.77

0.169

9.54

3.0

7.5

4.5

12.1

2.19

907 89.6 8.66 2.72 80.6 16.9 95.5 25.3

0.848

67.4

9.76

0.372

10.10

3.2

8.0

4.8

12.8

2.18

960 94.4 8.65 2.71 85.4 17.8 101 26.9

0.847

63.1

10.3

0.450

12.50

4.0

10.0 6.0

15.8

2.18

1166 112 8.59 2.66 104 21.1 124 32.8

0.843

50.5

12.3

0.873

14.00

4.5

11.3 6.8

17.6

2.17

1288 122 8.55 2.64 115 23.0 137 36.4

0.840

44.9

13.5

1.24

250x75x20 7.67

2.3

5.8

3.5

9.73

1.94

890 67.3 9.57 2.63 71.2 12.1 84.4 18.6

0.861

94.9

8.50

0.175

9.89

3.0

7.5

4.5

12.5

1.94

1133 83.9 9.51 2.59 90.7 15.1 108 23.8

0.857

72.8

10.7

0.385

10.52

3.2

8.0

4.8

13.3

1.94

1200 88.4 9.49 2.58 96.0 15.9 115 25.3

0.856

68.3

11.3

0.467

12.99

4.0

10.0 6.0

16.4

1.93

1459 105 9.43 2.53 117 18.8 140 31.1

0.851

54.7

13.5

0.905

14.49

4.5

11.3 6.8

18.3

1.93

1612 114 9.39 2.49 129 20.4 155 34.6

0.848

48.7

14.7

1.28

250x75x25 7.85

2.3

5.8

10

2.07

914 74.0 9.58 2.73 73.1 13.6 86.7 20.1

0.853

96.9

9.73

0.179

3.5

10.13

3.0

7.5

4.5

12.8

2.07

1165 92.5 9.53 2.69 93.2 17.0 111 25.8

0.850

74.3

12.2

0.394

10.80

3.2

8.0

4.8

13.6

2.07

1234 97.5 9.51 2.67 98.7 17.9 118 27.4

0.849

69.6

12.9

0.478

13.30

4.0

10.0 6.0

16.8

2.06

1501 116 9.45 2.63 120 21.3 144 33.6

0.844

55.7

15.5

0.926

14.85

4.5

11.3 6.8

18.7

2.06

1659 126 9.41 2.60 133 23.2 160 37.4

0.842

49.5

16.9

1.31

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PURLINS

118

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PURLINS

119

High-Tensile Galvanised C Purlins


y

B
r1

Cy
D

Cx
x

x
t

r2

C
y

Designation
Size
Mass

Thickness Outside Inside


Radius

Area
Of

Centre
Of

Moment
Of

Radius
Of

DxBxC

Per

Section

Gravity

Number

Metre

r1

r2

Cy

Ix

Iy

rx

ry

mm

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

cm2

cm

cm4

cm4

cm

cm

Inertia

Gyration

100x50x14
SC100-16

2.78

1.6

6.6

5.0

3.39

1.68

53.9

11.4

3.99

1.84

SC100-20

3.45

2.0

7.0

5.0

4.19

1.68

66.1

13.9

3.97

1.82

150x65x16
SC150-16

3.84

1.6

6.6

5.0

4.73

1.98

168

26.3

5.96

2.36

SC150-20

4.77

2.0

7.0

5.0

5.87

1.98

207

32.1

5.94

2.34

SC150-25

5.93

2.5

7.5

5.0

7.28

1.98

255

39.0

5.91

2.31

200x75x20
SC200-16

4.82

1.6

6.6

5.0

5.98

2.18

369

44.6

7.85

2.73

SC200-20

6.00

2.0

7.0

5.0

7.43

2.18

456

54.6

7.83

2.71

SC200-25

7.46

2.5

7.5

5.0

9.23

2.18

563

66.7

7.81

2.69

Designation
Size
Mass

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Buckling
Constant

Torsional
Index

DxBxC

Per

Number

Metre

Zx

Zy

Sx

Sy

mm

kg/m

cm3

cm3

cm3

cm3

SC100-16

2.78

10.8

3.44

12.5

5.77

0.822

SC100-20

3.45

13.2

4.17

15.4

7.07

0.822

SC150-16

3.84

22.4

5.82

25.9

9.02

SC150-20

4.77

27.6

7.11

32.0

11.1

SC150-25

5.93

33.9

8.63

39.5

SC200-16

4.82

36.9

8.38

SC200-20

6.00

45.6

10.3

SC200-25

7.46

56.3

12.5

Warping
Constant

Torsional
Constant

dm6x10-3

cm4

58.1

0.269

0.0303

46.2

0.323

0.0587

0.850

83.8

1.27

0.0417

0.850

66.9

1.55

0.0811

13.6

0.850

53.3

1.86

0.1573

43.0

12.8

0.855

111

3.78

0.0524

53.3

15.7

0.855

88.9

4.62

0.102

65.9

19.4

0.855

70.9

5.61

0.198

100x50x14

150x65x16

200x75x20

Note:

The outside corner radius for the lipped channel is 5.0mm+the section thickness, and the inside corner
radius is 5.0mm.

Table 26 High-Tensile Galvanised C-Purlins: Section sizes

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PURLINS

120

High-Tensile Galvanised Z Purlins


y

F
L
D x

Cx

Cy

t
L

Designation
Size
DxBxC

Mass
Per
Metre

Number

Dimensions

Area
Of
Section

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

cm

SZ 100-16

2.78

102

53

49

14

1.60

SZ 100-20

3.45

102

53

48

14

2.00

SZ 150-16

3.84

152

65

61

16

SZ 150-20

4.77

152

65

61

16

SZ 150-25

5.93

152

66

60

SZ 200-16

4.82

203

79

SZ 200-20

6.00

203

79

SZ 200-25

7.46

203

SZ 250-20

6.76

SZ 250-25

8.24

Centre
Of
Gravity
Cx

Cy

cm

cm

3.44

5.20

5.09

4.33

5.12

4.86

1.60

4.72

7.66

6.24

2.00

5.90

7.61

6.15

16

2.50

7.38

7.60

5.99

74

20

1.60

5.92

10.5

7.78

74

20

2.00

7.50

10.4

7.59

79

73

20

2.50

9.38

10.3

7.39

250

78

72

20

2.00

8.40

12.7

7.35

250

78

72

20

2.50

10.5

12.7

7.26

102x53x49x14

152x65x61x16

203x79x74x20

250x78x72x20

Designation
Size
DxBxC
Number

Moment
Of
Inertia

Radius
Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

Ix

Iy

rx

ry

Zx

Zy

Sx

Sy

cm4

cm4

cm

cm

cm3

cm3

cm3

cm3

SZ 100-16

57.2

22.0

4.08

2.53

11.0

4.08

13.0

5.66

SZ 100-20

69.7

26.0

4.01

2.45

13.6

4.91

15.9

6.82

SZ 150-16

170

41.1

5.99

2.95

22.1

6.23

25.9

8.63

SZ 150-20

209

50.3

5.95

2.92

27.5

7.62

32.0

10.6

SZ 150-25

257

59.2

5.90

2.83

33.8

9.89

39.5

13.1

SZ 200-16

387

76.2

8.09

3.59

36.7

9.64

44.3

13.1

SZ 200-20

478

93.4

7.99

3.53

46.2

11.8

55.0

16.2

SZ 200-25

587

112

7.91

3.46

57.1

14.4

67.8

19.8

SZ 250-20

771

89.0

9.58

3.25

60.6

11.6

73.1

15.7

SZ 250-25

952

109

9.52

3.22

75.2

14.1

90.5

19.4

102x53x49x14

152x65x61x16

203x79x74x20

250x78x72x20

Table 27 High-Tensile Galvanised Z-Purlins: Section sizes

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

121
ANGLES

Equal

r2

r1

y
v
90o

Designation
Size
Thickness

AxA
mm mm
20x20
25x25

30x30

35X35
38x38
40x40

45x45
50x50

60x60
63X63

65x65

70x70
75x75

80x80

90x90

100x100

Mass
Per
Metre

t
mm
3
3
4
5
3
4
5
6
3
4
3
4
5
6
4
5
3
4
4.5
5
6
8
5
6
5
6
8
5
6
8
9
6
7
5.5
6
8
9
10
12
6
8
10
6
7
8
9
10
12
13
6
7
8
10
12
13
15

kg/m
0.885
1.12
1.45
1.70
1.36
1.76
2.16
1.65
1.72
2.36
1.83
2.42
2.95
3.52
2.74
3.38
2.33
3.06
3.40
3.77
4.43
5.78
4.55
5.42
4.75
5.71
7.42
5.00
5.91
7.66
8.55
6.38
7.38
6.30
6.85
9.03
9.96
10.99
13.00
7.34
9.66
11.8
8.30
9.61
10.90
12.20
13.40
15.90
17.00
9.20
10.70
12.20
15.00
17.80
19.10
21.90

Radius
Root
Toe

r1

r2

mm
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

mm
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

Area
Of
Section

cm2
1.11
1.41
1.84
2.25
1.74
2.27
2.78
3.87
2.24
2.93
2.36
3.09
3.80
4.49
3.52
4.33
2.99
3.92
4.38
4.83
5.72
7.44
5.86
6.95
6.16
7.31
9.55
6.40
7.59
9.91
11.0
8.19
9.46
8.06
8.76
11.5
12.8
14.1
16.7
9.36
12.3
15.1
10.6
12.3
13.9
15.6
17.2
20.3
21.9
11.9
13.7
15.6
19.2
22.8
24.5
28.0

Distance
Centre
Of Gravity

r2

u
cy
x

x
cy
u

Second Moment
Of Area

Elastic
Modulus

Radius Of
Gyration

Cx and Cy

Axis
x-x , y-y

Axis
u-u

Axis
Axis
v-v x-x , y-y

Axis
u-u

Axis
v-v

Axis
x-x , y-y

cm
0.593
0.718
0.758
0.796
0.836
0.879
0.919
1.08
1.03
1.07
1.08
1.12
1.17
1.20
1.24
1.29
1.32
1.37
1.39
1.41
1.45
1.53
1.65
1.70
1.73
1.77
1.85
1.77
1.82
1.90
1.94
1.94
1.98
2.02
2.04
2.13
2.17
2.21
2.29
2.17
2.26
2.34
2.41
2.46
2.50
2.54
2.58
2.66
2.70
2.65
2.70
2.75
2.83
2.91
2.95
3.02

cm4
0.381
0.784
1.00
1.19
1.41
1.81
2.17
4.13
2.99
3.85
3.51
4.53
5.48
6.37
6.59
7.99
7.06
9.17
10.2
11.2
13.0
16.5
19.8
23.2
23.1
27.1
34.5
25.5
29.9
38.2
42.0
37.7
43.1
42.2
45.7
59.0
65.3
71.3
82.7
56.0
72.4
87.7
81.0
93.2
105
117
128
149
159
113
130
146
178
208
222
250

cm4
0.601
1.24
1.58
1.87
2.23
2.86
3.42
6.51
4.72
6.10
5.55
7.18
8.68
10.1
10.4
12.6
11.1
14.5
16.1
17.7
20.6
25.9
31.4
36.8
36.6
42.9
54.6
40.3
47.4
60.4
66.4
59.8
68.3
66.8
72.4
93.5
103
113
130
88.7
115
139
128
148
167
185
202
235
251
178
206
232
283
330
352
395

cm4
0.160
0.326
0.422
0.516
0.590
0.758
0.921
1.76
1.25
1.61
1.47
1.89
2.29
2.69
2.75
3.34
2.97
3.82
4.23
4.64
5.43
6.97
8.24
9.65
9.58
11.2
14.4
10.6
12.4
15.9
17.6
15.7
17.9
17.6
19.0
24.5
27.2
29.8
35.0
23.2
30.0
36.5
33.7
38.7
43.5
48.2
52.9
62.1
66.6
47.0
53.9
60.6
73.8
86.5
92.8
105

cm
0.735
0.938
0.926
0.912
1.13
1.12
1.11
1.30
1.45
1.44
1.53
1.52
1.51
1.50
1.72
1.71
1.93
1.92
1.92
1.91
1.90
1.87
2.31
2.30
2.44
2.42
2.39
2.51
2.50
2.47
2.45
2.70
2.69
2.88
2.88
2.85
2.84
2.83
2.80
3.08
3.06
3.03
3.48
3.47
3.46
3.45
3.43
3.40
3.39
3.88
3.87
3.86
3.84
3.81
3.79
3.76

cm
0.380
0.481
0.479
0.479
0.582
0.578
0.576
0.674
0.748
0.741
0.789
0.782
0.776
0.773
0.884
0.878
0.997
0.987
0.984
0.980
0.974
0.968
1.19
1.18
1.25
1.24
1.23
1.29
1.28
1.27
1.26
1.38
1.38
1.48
1.47
1.46
1.46
1.45
1.45
1.58
1.56
1.55
1.78
1.77
1.77
1.76
1.76
1.75
1.74
1.99
1.98
1.97
1.96
1.95
1.95
1.94

cm3
0.271
0.440
0.574
0.701
0.652
0.853
1.04
1.71
1.08
1.41
1.20
1.58
1.94
2.28
2.02
2.49
1.92
2.52
2.82
3.11
3.67
4.74
4.56
5.40
5.05
5.98
7.76
5.39
6.38
8.29
9.21
7.46
8.59
7.71
8.38
11.0
12.3
13.5
15.9
9.6
12.6
15.5
12.3
14.3
16.2
18.0
19.9
23.5
25.2
15.3
17.8
20.2
24.8
29.4
31.5
35.8

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

cm
0.585
0.745
0.737
0.728
0.901
0.893
0.884
1.03
1.15
1.15
1.22
1.21
1.20
1.19
1.37
1.36
1.54
1.53
1.52
1.52
1.51
1.49
1.84
1.83
1.93
1.92
1.90
2.00
1.98
1.96
1.95
2.15
2.13
2.29
2.28
2.27
2.26
2.25
2.23
2.45
2.43
2.41
2.76
2.76
2.75
2.74
2.73
2.70
2.69
3.08
3.08
3.07
3.05
3.02
3.01
2.99

122
ANGLES

Equal

r2

r1

y
v
90o

Designation
Size
Thickness

AxA
mm mm
120x120

125x125

130x130

150x150

175x175
200x200

250x250

Mass
Per
Metre

t
mm
8
10
12
15
8
10
12
8
9
10
12
15
16
8
10
12
15
16
18
19
12
15
12
13
15
16
18
20
24
25
26
25
28
32
35

kg/m
14.70
18.20
21.60
26.60
14.90
19.09
22.67
15.90
17.90
19.70
23.50
28.80
30.70
18.00
23.00
27.30
33.80
35.70
40.10
41.90
31.80
39.40
36.55
39.49
45.30
48.50
54.20
59.90
71.10
73.60
76.80
93.70
104.00
118.00
128.00

Radius
Root
Toe

r1

r2

mm
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
20
20
20
20

mm
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

Area
Of
Section

cm2
18.8
23.3
27.6
34.0
19.7
24.3
28.9
20.5
22.9
25.3
30.1
37.1
39.4
23.8
29.5
35.0
43.2
45.9
51.2
53.8
41.0
50.7
47.2
50.9
58.3
62.0
69.4
76.6
90.8
94.3
97.8
120
133
151
164

Distance
Centre
Of Gravity

r2

Axis
x-x , y-y

Axis
u-u

cm
3.24
3.32
3.41
3.52
3.36
3.44
3.53
3.48
3.53
3.57
3.65
3.77
3.81
3.97
4.06
4.14
4.26
4.30
4.38
4.42
4.77
4.89
5.38
5.42
5.50
5.54
5.62
5.70
5.85
5.89
5.93
7.14
7.25
7.40
7.51

cm4
259
316
371
448
294
360
422
332
370
406
477
578
610
518
635
748
909
960
1060
1109
1208
1474
1829
1967
2237
2369
2627
2877
3357
3472
3586
7030
7741
8650
9305

cm4
411
502
588
710
466
570
669
527
586
645
758
916
966
820
1008
1187
1442
1523
1680
1756
1920
2342
2906
3126
3555
3765
4174
4569
5322
5502
5680
11170
12290
13710
14720

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

x
cy
u

Second Moment
Of Area

Cx and Cy

u
cy

Elastic
Modulus

Radius Of
Gyration

Axis
Axis
v-v x-x , y-y

Axis
u-u

Axis
v-v

Axis
x-x , y-y

cm4
107
130
153
186
122
149
174
138
153
168
197
240
253
215
263
309
375
397
440
462
497
606
753
809
919
973
1080
1185
1391
1442
1492
2891
3195
3593
3887

cm
4.67
4.64
4.62
4.57
4.87
4.84
4.81
5.07
5.06
5.05
5.02
4.97
4.95
5.87
5.85
5.82
5.78
5.76
5.73
5.71
6.84
6.80
7.85
7.84
7.81
7.79
7.76
7.72
7.65
7.64
7.62
9.67
9.61
9.54
9.49

cm
2.38
2.37
2.36
2.34
2.49
2.47
2.46
2.59
2.58
2.57
2.56
2.54
2.54
3.01
2.99
2.97
2.95
2.94
2.93
2.93
3.48
3.46
4.00
3.99
3.97
3.96
3.95
3.93
3.91
3.91
3.91
4.92
4.90
4.89
4.88

cm3
29.5
36.4
43.1
52.8
32.2
39.7
47.0
34.9
39.0
43.1
51.1
62.6
66.3
46.9
58.0
68.9
84.6
89.8
99.8
105
94.9
117
125
135
154
164
183
201
237
246
255
394
436
491
532

cm
3.71
3.69
3.66
3.63
3.87
3.84
3.82
4.03
4.02
4.01
3.98
3.95
3.94
4.66
4.64
4.62
4.59
4.57
4.55
4.54
5.43
5.39
6.23
6.22
6.19
6.18
6.15
6.13
6.08
6.07
6.05
7.67
7.63
7.58
7.54

123
ANGLES

Unequal

v
A

r1

90

Mass
Per
Metre

Radius
Root Toe

r1

r2

mm

mm

Area
Of
Section

Distance
Centre
Of
Gravity

Cx
x

r2

Cy

Designation
Size
Thickness

r2

Second Moment
Of Area

Radius of Gyration

Cx

Cy

Axis
x-x

Axis
y-y

Axis Axis Axis Axis Axis


u-u v-v x-x y-y u-u

cm

cm

cm4

cm4

cm4

Axis
v-v

Elastic
Modulus

Axis Axis
x-x
y-y

Angle
x-x
Axis
to u-u
Axis

AxB

mm

mm

63x38

4.5

3.45

2.4

4.4

2.10

0.870

18.0

4.90

20.0 3.00 2.01 1.06 2.12 0.820

4.20

1.68

0.362

4.43

2.4

5.75

2.17

0.930

23.0

6.30

25.0 3.80 1.99 1.04 2.10 0.820

5.50

2.18

0.358

14.6

75x50
100x65

100x75

125x75

150x75

150x90

150x100

200x100

200x150

kg/m

cm2

5.65

2.4

7.22

2.45

1.21

40.9

8
7
8
9
10
12
7
8
9
10
12
13
6.5
7
8
9
10
12
13
7
8
9
10
12
15
8
9
10
12
15
8
9
10
12
15
10
12
15
12
15
18

7.39
8.8
9.4
11.0
12.3
14.4
9.3
10.6
11.8
13.0
15.4
16.5
10.0
10.7
12.2
13.5
15.0
17.8
19.1
12.1
13.8
15.3
17.0
20.2
24.8
14.3
16.4
18.2
21.6
26.6
15.2
17.1
19.0
22.4
27.7
23.0
27.3
33.7
32.0
39.6
47.4

7
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
10
12
11
12
11
11
11
10
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
12
12
15
15
15
15
15
15

2.4
4.8
4.8
7.0
4.8
7.0
5.0
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
7.0
5.0
4.8
8.5
4.8
4.8
4.8
5.0
6.0
4.8
4.8
4.8
8.5
6.0
6.5
8.5
8.5
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

9.44
11.2
12.7
14.0
15.6
18.4
11.9
13.5
15.1
16.6
19.7
21.2
12.7
13.7
15.5
17.4
19.2
22.7
24.3
15.5
17.5
19.4
21.7
25.7
31.7
18.7
20.9
23.2
27.6
34.0
19.4
21.8
24.2
28.6
35.2
29.4
34.9
43.1
40.9
50.6
60.1

2.53
3.23
3.28
3.31
3.36
3.43
3.06
3.11
3.15
3.19
3.27
3.31
4.07
4.10
4.14
4.19
4.23
4.32
4.35
5.17
5.23
5.25
5.32
5.41
5.53
4.93
4.95
5.00
5.09
5.21
4.70
4.77
4.80
4.88
5.01
6.95
7.04
7.17
6.10
6.22
6.34

1.29
1.52
1.56
1.58
1.64
1.70
1.84
1.88
1.92
1.96
2.03
2.07
1.62
1.64
1.69
1.73
1.77
1.84
1.87
1.50
1.54
1.55
1.62
1.70
1.81
1.97
2.00
2.04
2.12
2.24
2.24
2.30
2.34
2.41
2.53
2.03
2.11
2.23
3.63
3.75
3.86

52.4 18.6
113 37.7
127 42.3
138 45.5
154 51.1
177 58.0
118 56.9
133 64.2
148 71.1
162 77.7
189 90.3
202 96.3
206 56.6
220 60.5
249 68.1
276 75.5
303 82.6
355 96.0
376 101
364 63.1
411 71.2
447 75.3
503 86.3
591 100
715 120
436 121
485 133
536 147
630 172
764 207
441 158
502 181
552 198
642 228
781 276
1233 215
1454 252
1772 303
1667 813
2037 989
2390 1155

cm4

cm

cm

cm

cm

cm3

cm3

47.1 8.48 2.38 1.42 2.55

1.08

8.10

3.87

0.436

60.1
128
144
157
175
201
144
163
181
198
230
245
228
244
275
306
336
392
414
386
436
473
533
626
756
484
537
595
698
844
508
579
635
738
897
1309
1544
1879
2046
2496
2923

1.07
1.41
1.40
1.38
1.39
1.37
1.61
1.60
1.60
1.59
1.59
1.58
1.64
1.64
1.63
1.62
1.62
1.61
1.60
1.62
1.62
1.58
1.60
1.59
1.58
1.97
1.96
1.96
1.95
1.93
2.17
2.18
2.17
2.15
2.14
2.17
2.16
2.14
3.26
3.23
3.22

10.5
16.7
18.9
20.6
23.2
27.0
17.0
19.3
21.6
23.8
28.1
30.2
24.4
26.2
29.7
33.2
36.7
43.4
46.1
37.0
42.1
45.8
52.0
61.6
75.5
43.3
48.2
53.7
63.6
78.1
42.8
49.1
54.1
63.4
78.2
94.5
112
138
120
148
175

5.01
7.56
8.57
9.26
10.5
12.1
10.1
11.4
12.7
14.0
16.5
17.7
9.63
10.3
11.7
13.1
14.4
17.0
17.9
10.5
11.9
12.7
14.7
17.3
21.1
17.2
19.0
21.2
25.0
30.6
20.3
23.5
25.8
30.1
37.0
27.0
31.9
39.0
71.5
87.9
104

0.430
0.415
0.414
0.410
0.410
0.404
0.548
0.548
0.546
0.545
0.541
0.539
0.360
0.360
0.360
0.359
0.358
0.354
0.352
0.263
0.263
0.259
0.261
0.259
0.254
0.364
0.361
0.361
0.359
0.354
0.437
0.439
0.437
0.435
0.431
0.264
0.263
0.260
0.554
0.552
0.549

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

10.9
22.1
24.9
26.8
30.2
34.7
30.7
34.6
38.4
42.2
49.5
53.1
34.4
36.7
41.3
45.8
50.2
58.8
61.9
40.8
45.8
48.7
55.8
65.3
79.2
72.7
80.5
89.2
105
127
90.9
104
114
132
161
138
162
197
434
530
622

2.36
3.18
3.17
3.14
3.14
3.11
3.15
3.14
3.13
3.12
3.10
3.09
4.02
4.01
4.00
3.99
3.98
3.95
3.93
4.85
4.84
4.79
4.82
4.79
4.75
4.83
4.81
4.81
4.78
4.74
4.77
4.79
4.78
4.74
4.71
6.48
6.45
6.41
6.38
6.34
6.30

1.40
1.84
1.83
1.80
1.81
1.78
2.19
2.18
2.17
2.16
2.14
2.13
2.11
2.10
2.10
2.09
2.08
2.06
2.04
2.02
2.02
1.97
2.00
1.98
1.95
2.54
2.52
2.52
2.50
2.47
2.86
2.88
2.86
2.83
2.80
2.70
2.68
2.65
4.45
4.42
4.38

2.52
3.39
3.38
3.34
3.35
3.30
3.49
3.48
3.46
3.45
3.42
3.40
4.23
4.22
4.21
4.20
4.18
4.16
4.13
5.00
4.99
4.93
4.96
4.93
4.89
5.09
5.06
5.06
5.03
4.99
5.12
5.15
5.13
5.08
5.04
6.68
6.65
6.60
7.07
7.02
6.97

124

ANGLES

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

125
BARS

Flat

Section
Size

Unit
Weight

Section
Area

Section
Size

Unit
Weight

Section
Area

Thickness

Width

Thickness

Width

mm
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

mm
12
16
19
25
32
38
50
65
75
100
25
32
35
38
44
50
65
75
100
25
32
35
38
40
44
50
65
75
90
100
125
150
175
200
25
32
38
44
50
65
75
90
100

kg/m
0.283
0.377
0.447
0.589
0.754
0.895
1.18
1.53
1.77
2.36
0.883
1.13
1.24
1.34
1.55
1.77
2.30
2.65
3.53
1.18
1.51
1.65
1.79
1.88
2.07
2.36
3.06
3.53
4.24
4.71
5.89
7.07
8.24
9.42
1.57
2.01
2.39
2.76
3.14
4.08
4.71
5.65
6.28

cm2
0.360
0.480
0.570
0.750
0.960
1.14
1.50
1.95
2.25
3.00
1.13
1.44
1.58
1.71
1.98
2.25
2.93
3.38
4.50
1.50
1.92
2.10
2.28
2.40
2.64
3.00
3.90
4.50
5.40
6.00
7.50
9.00
10.5
12.0
2.00
2.56
3.04
3.52
4.00
5.20
6.00
7.20
8.00

mm
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

mm
125
150
200
19
25
32
38
44
50
65
75
90
100
125
150
180
200
250
300
25
32
38
40
44
50
65
75
90
100
125
150
180
200
250
300
25
32
38
50
65
75
90
100

kg/m
7.85
9.42
12.56
1.34
1.77
2.26
2.68
3.11
3.53
4.59
5.30
6.36
7.07
8.83
10.60
12.72
14.13
17.66
21.20
2.36
3.01
3.58
3.77
4.14
4.71
6.12
7.07
8.48
9.42
11.78
14.13
16.96
18.84
23.55
28.26
3.14
4.02
4.77
6.28
8.16
9.42
11.30
12.56

cm2
10.0
12.0
16.0
1.71
2.25
2.88
3.42
3.96
4.50
5.85
6.75
8.10
9.00
11.3
13.5
16.2
18.0
22.5
27.0
3.00
3.84
4.56
4.80
5.28
6.00
7.80
9.00
10.8
12.0
15.0
18.0
21.6
24.0
30.0
36.0
4.00
5.12
6.08
8.00
10.4
12.0
14.4
16.0

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

126
BARS

Flat

Section
Size

Unit
Weight

Section
Area

Section
Size

Unit
Weight

Section
Area

Thickness

Width

Thickness

Width

mm
16
16
16
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
25
25
25

mm
125
150
200
38
50
65
75
90
100
125
150
200
250
300
50
65
75

kg/m
15.70
18.84
25.12
5.67
7.46
9.69
11.19
13.42
14.92
18.64
22.37
29.83
37.29
44.75
9.81
12.76
14.72

cm2
20.0
24.0
32.0
7.2
9.5
12.4
14.3
17.1
19.0
23.8
28.5
38.0
47.5
57.0
12.5
16.3
18.8

mm
25
25
25
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
36
36
36
36
36

mm
100
125
150
100
125
150
180
200
230
250
280
300
100
125
150
180
200

kg/m
19.63
24.53
29.44
25.12
31.40
37.68
45.22
50.24
57.78
62.80
70.34
75.36
28.26
35.33
42.39
50.87
56.52

cm2
25.0
31.3
37.5
32.0
40.0
48.0
57.6
64.0
73.6
80.0
89.6
96.0
36.0
45.0
54.0
64.8
72.0

25

90

17.66

22.5

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

127
BARS

Square
a

Size
a

Designation
Mass
Per Metre

Area
Of
Section

Second
Moment
Of Inertia

Radius Of
Gyration

Elastic
Modulus

Plastic
Modulus

mm

kg/m

Ib/ft

mm2

mm4

mm

mm3

mm3

0.64

0.43

81.0

547

2.60

121

182

10

0.79

0.53

100

833

2.89

167

250

12

1.13

0.76

144

1728

3.46

288

432

13

1.33

0.89

169

2380

3.75

366

549

16

2.01

1.35

256

5461

4.62

683

1024

18

2.54

1.71

324

8748

5.20

972

1458

19

2.83

1.90

361

10860

5.48

1143

1715

22

3.80

2.55

484

19520

6.35

1775

2662

25

4.91

3.30

625

32550

7.22

2604

3906

28

6.15

4.14

784

51220

8.08

3659

5488

30

7.07

4.75

900

67500

8.66

4500

6750

32

8.04

5.40

1024

87380

9.24

5461

8192

36

10.17

6.84

1296

140000

10.4

7776

11660

38

11.34

7.62

1444

173800

11.0

9145

13720

40

12.56

8.44

1600

213300

11.5

10670

16000

44

15.20

10.21

1936

312300

12.7

14200

21300

45

15.90

10.68

2025

341700

13.0

15190

22780

50

19.63

13.19

2500

520800

14.4

20830

31250

55

23.75

15.96

3025

762600

15.9

27730

41590

60

28.26

18.99

3600

1080000

17.3

36000

54000

65

33.17

22.29

4225

1488000

18.8

45770

68660

75

44.16

29.67

5625

2637000

21.7

70310

105500

80

50.24

33.76

6400

3413000

23.1

85330

128000

85

56.72

38.11

7225

4350000

24.5

102400

153500

90

63.59

42.73

8100

5468000

26.0

121500

182300

95

70.85

47.61

9025

6788000

27.4

142900

214300

100

78.50

52.75

10000

8333000

28.9

166700

250000

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

128
BARS

Deformed and Round

Deformed

Round

Section
Size

Unit
Weight
M

Section
Area
A

Section
Size

Unit
Weight
M

Section
Area
A

mm
6
8
10
12
13
16
18
19
20
22
25
28
30
32
38
40
50

kg/m
0.222
0.395
0.617
0.888
1.04
1.58
2.00
2.23
2.47
2.98
3.85
4.83
5.55
6.31
8.90
9.86
15.4

cm2
0.283
0.503
0.785
1.13
1.33
2.01
2.54
2.84
3.14
3.80
4.91
6.16
7.07
8.04
11.3
12.6
19.6

mm
6
10
12
13
14
16
18
19
20
22
24
25
26
28
29
30
32

kg/m
0.222
0.617
0.888
1.04
1.21
1.58
2.00
2.23
2.47
2.98
3.55
3.85
4.17
4.83
5.19
5.55
6.31

cm2
0.283
0.785
1.13
1.33
1.54
2.01
2.54
2.84
3.14
3.80
4.52
4.91
5.31
6.16
6.61
7.07
8.04

35
38
40
44
45
50
60
65
75
90
100
125
150
200

7.55
8.90
9.86
11.9
12.5
15.4
22.2
26.0
34.7
49.9
61.7
96.3
139
247

9.62
11.3
12.6
15.2
15.9
19.6
28.3
33.2
44.2
63.6
78.5
123
177
314

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PLATES

129

Plates

Product specifications
Main specifications
ABS Specifications (American Bureau of Shipping Rules)
ABS (1998):
Rules Requirements for Materials and Welding, Part 2.
Ordinary strength hull structural steel plates.
Higher strength hull structural steel plates.
ASTM Specifications (American Society for Testing of Materials)
A36 (1996):
Standard specification for Carbon Structural Steel.
A283 (1993):
Standard specification for Low and Intermediate Tensile
Strength Carbon Steel Plates
A285 (1990):
Standard specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon
Steel, Low- and Intermediate Tensile Strength.
A516 (1990):
Standard specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon
Steel, for Moderate- and Lower-Temperature Service.
A572 (1997):
Standard specification for High-Strength, Low Alloy,
Columbium-Vanadium Structural Steel.
BSI Specifications (British Standards Institute)
BS 7191 (1989):
Specification for Weldable structural steels for fixed offshore
structures.
EN 10028 (1993):
Specification for Flat products made of steels for pressure
purposes.
EN 10113 (1993):
Standard specification for Hot rolled products in weldable fine
grain structural steels.
EN 10137 (1996):
Plates and wide flats made of high yield strength structural
steels in the quenched and tempered or precipitation
hardened conditions.
EN 10149 (1996):
Specification for Hot-rolled flat products made of high yield
strength steels for cold forming.
EN 10207 (1992):
Steels for simple pressure vessels - Technical delivery
requirements for plates, strips and bars.
JIS Specifications (Japanese Industrial Standards)
G 3101 (1991):
Rolled steels for general structures.
G 3106 (1995):
Rolled steels for welded structure.
LRS Specifications (Lloyds Register of Shipping Rules)
LR (1998):
Manufacture, Testing and Certification of Materials.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PLATES

130

List of standard specifications


Specifications
t<16mm

Yield strength

Tensile

Elongation

Charpy V-notch

N/mm2

strength

min. %

Temp. (C) Energy (J)

N/mm2

L0=5.65
S0

20

-20

-40

-50

400-550

50mm-200mm
23-20

16<t<40

t>40mm

GENERAL STRUCTURES
ASTM A36
min. 250
ASTM A283
Grade A

min. 165

310-415

50mm-200mm
30-27

Grade B

min. 185

345-450

28-25

Grade C

min. 205

380-515

25-22

Grade D

min. 230

415-550

23-20

ASTM A572
Grade 42

min. 290

415

50mm-200mm
24-20

Grade 50

min. 345

450

21-18

Grade 60

min. 415

520

18-16

Grade 65

min. 450

550

17-15

EN 10113
S275N

min. 275

370-510

40

27

S355N

min. 355

470-630

40

27

S420N

min. 420

520-680

40

27

S460N

min. 460

550-720

40

27

S275M

min. 275

360-510

40

27

S355M

min. 355

450-610

40

27

S420M

min. 420

500-660

40

27

S460M

min. 460

530-720

40

27

EN 10149-2
S315MC

min. 315

390-510

24

40

S355MC

min. 355

430-550

23

40

S420MC

min. 420

480-620

19

40

S460MC

min. 460

520-670

17

40

S500MC

min. 500

550-700

14

40

S550MC

min. 550

600-760

14

40

S600MC

min. 600

650-820

13

40

700-880

12

40

750-950

12

40

S650MC

650 (t8mm)

S700MC

700 (t8mm)

620
(t>8mm)
680
(t>8mm)

EN 10149-3
S260NC

min. 260

370-490

30

40

S315NC

min. 315

430-550

27

40

S355NC

min. 355

470-610

25

40

S420NC

min. 420

530-670

23

40

JIS G 3101
SS330

205

195

175

330-430

28-21

SS400

245

235

215

400-510

17-23

SS490

285

275

255

490-610

15-21

SS540

400

390

min. 540

13-17

JIS G 3106
SM400A, B, C

245

235

215

400-510

18-24

0 C
B/C 27/47

SM490A, B, C

325

315

295

490-610

17-23

B/C 27/47

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PLATES

131

Specifications

Yield strength

Tensile

Elongation

Charpy V-notch

N/mm2

strength

min. %

Temp. (C) Energy (J)

t<16mm

16<t<40

t>40mm
N/mm
Contd.
GENERAL STRUCTURES

Contd. JIS G 3106


SM490YA, YB

365

355

335

490-610

SM520B, C

365

355

335

SM570

460

450

430

L0=5.65S0

20

-20

-40

-50

15-21

0C
YB 27

-5C
-

520-640

15-21

B/C 27/47

570-720

19-26

47

BRIDGES, FLOOD GATES, STORAGE TANKS, WATER TANKS, BUILDINGS, CRANE STRUCTURES
EN 10137-2
S460Q, QL, QL1

1)

460

1)*

440

1)**

400

1)***

550-720

17

0
-20
-40
40/50/60 30/40/50 -/30/40

S500Q, QL, QL1

1)

500

1)*

480

1)**

440

1)***

590-770

17

40/50/60 30/40/50 -/30/40

S550Q, QL, QL1

1)

550

1)*

530

1)**

490

1)***

640-820

16

40/50/60 30/40/50 -/30/40

S620Q, QL, QL1

1)

620

1)*

580

1)**

560

1)***

700-890

15

40/50/60 30/40/50 -/30/40

S690Q, QL, QL1

1)

690

1)*

650

1)**

630

1)***

760-940

14

40/50/60 30/40/50 -/30/40

S890Q, QL, QL1

1)

890

1)*

830

1)***

880-1100

11

40/50/60 30/40/50 -/30/40

S960Q, QL, QL1

1)

960

1)***

980-1150

10

40/50/60 30/40/50 -/30/40

EN 10137-3
S500A, AL

3mm<t
50mm 50mm<t
70mm
2)
2)*
500
480

600-700

17

0
55/65

-20
40/50

-40
-/40

S550A, AL

2)

550

2)*

530

650-820

16

55/65

40/50

-/40

S620A, AL

2)

620

2)*

580

710-880

15

55/65

40/50

-/40

S690A, AL

2)

690

2)*

650

760-930

14

55/65

40/50

-/40

SPECIAL STEEL
BS 7191
275D

275

265

430-580

22

40

275E

275

265

265

430-580

22

40

275EZ

275

265

265

430-580

22

40

355D

355

345

490-640

20

50

355E

355

345

490-640

20

50

355EM

355

345

340

460-620

20

50

355EMZ

355

345

340

460-620

20

50

450EM

450

415

550-700

19

60

450EMZ

450

415

550-700

19

60

HULL STRUCTURES
ABS 3)
Grade A, B, D, E

min. 235

400-550

22

Gr. AH, DH, EH, FH 32

min. 315

440-590

22

34

34

34

34

Gr. AH, DH, EH, FH 36

min. 355

490-620

21

34

34

34

34

Gr. AH, DH, EH, FH 40

min. 390

510-650

20

41

41

41

41

LR 3)
Grade A, B, D, E

min. 235

400-520

22

27

27

27

27

-60

Gr. AH, DH, EH, FH 32

min. 315

440-590

22

31

31

31

31

Gr. AH, DH, EH, FH 36

min. 355

490-620

21

34

34

34

34

Gr. AH, DH, EH, FH 40

min. 390

510-650

20

41

41

41

41

For thickness t 50mm


27 27 27 -60

PRESSURE VESSELS, GENERAL


ASTM A285
Grade A

min. 165

310-450

50mm-200mm
30-27

Grade B

min. 185

345-485

28-25

Grade C

min. 205

380-515

27-23

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PLATES

132

Specifications

Yield strength
N/mm2
t<16mm

20

-20

-40

-50

380-515

50mm-200mm
27-23

Grade 60

min. 220

415-550

25-21

Grade 65

min. 240

450-585

23-19

Grade 70

min. 260

485-620

21-17

EN 10028-2
P235GH

235

225

4)

215

4)

360-480

25

27

P265GH

265

255

4)

245

4)

410-530

23

27

P295GH

295

290

4)

285

4)

460-580

22

27

P355GH

355

345

4)

335

4)

510-650

21

27

16 Mo 3

275

270

4)

260

4)

440-590

24-23

31

13 CrMo 4-5

300

4)

450-600

20

31

4)

480-630

18

31

18

31

55

47

40

63

55

47

34

27

NL2

100

90

65

40

30

N, NH

55

47

40

63

55

47

34

27

NL2

100

90

65

40

30

N, NH

55

47

40

63

55

47

34

27

4)

310

295
4)

300

290

min. 310

520-670

EN 10028-3
N, NH
NL1

NL1
P460

t>40mm
N/mm2
Contd.
PRESSURE VESSELS, GENERAL

16<t<40

Charpy V-notch
Temp. (C) Energy (J)

min. 205

11 CrMo 9-10

P355

Elongation
min. %

ASTM A516
Grade 55

10 CrMo 9-10

P275

Tensile
Strength

NL1

70mm 70-150
275

5)

275

355

5)

355

460

5)

450

265

345

440

5)*

5)*

5)*

390-510

490-630

570-720

24

23

22

21

17

16

NL2
EN 10028-4
11 MnNi 5-3

30mm<t
50mm
6)*
275

100

90

65

40

30

420-530

t<50mm
24

70

60

55

50

45

13 MnNi 6-3

6)

355

6)*

345

490-610

22

70

60

55

50

45

15 MnNi 6

6)

355

6)*

345

490-640

22

65

65

65

60

50

12 Ni 14

6)

355

6)*

345

490-640

22

65

60

55

55

50

12 Ni 19

6)

390

6)*

380

530-710

20

70

70

70

65

65

X8 Ni9 HT 640

6)

490

6)*

480

640-840

18

70

70

70

70

70

X8 Ni9 HT 680

6)

585

6)*

575

680-820

18

120 120 120 120 120

X7 Ni 9

6)

585

6)*

575

680-820

18

120 120 120 120 120

450-610

22

P355

t<30mm
6)
285

EN 10028-5
M
ML1

355

355

7)

345

ML2
P420

M
ML1

420

400

7)

390

500-660

19

ML2
P460

M
ML1

460

440

7)

430

530-720

17

ML2
P355

EN 10028-6
Q, QH
QL1

8)

355

8)*

335

8)**

315

8)***

490-630

QL2

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

22

60

40

27

60

40

27

80

60

40

27

60

40

27

60

40

27

80

60

40

27

60

40

27

60

40

27

80

60

40

27

60

40

27

-60
-

60

40

27

80

60

40

27

PLATES

133

Specifications

Yield strength
N/mm2
t<16mm

Tensile
strength

Elongation
min. %

t>40mm
N/mm2
Contd.
PRESSURE VESSELS, GENERAL

16<t<40

Contd. EN 10028-6
P460
Q, QH
QL1

8)

460

8)*

440

8)**

400

8)***

500-720

Charpy V-notch
Temp. (C) Energy (J)
20

-20

-40

-50

60

40

27

-60
-

60

40

27

80

60

40

27

60

40

27

60

40

27

80

60

40

27

60

40

27

60

40

27

80

60

40

27

19

QL2
P500

Q, QH
QL1

8)

500

8)*

480

8)**

440

8)***

590-770

17

QL2
P690

Q, QH
QL1

8)

690

8)*

670

8)**

630

8)***

770-940

14

QL2
PRESSURE VESSELS, LOW TEMPERATURE SERVICE
EN 10207
P235S

235

225

215

360-480

28

P265S

265

255

245

410-530

22

22

28

P275SL

275

265

255

390-510

24

24

28

3-40mm 40-60
26
25

Table 28 Plates: List of standards specifications


1)

For t50mm.

1)*

For 50<t100mm

1)**

For 100<t150mm. For t>150mm, see EN 10137-2.

1)***

For t100mm. For t>100mm, see EN 10137-2.

2)

For t50mm.

2)*

For 50<t70mm.

3)

For LR and ABS plates the difference between A, B, D, E, F grades are the impact tests. They are
made at the following temperatures:
A grade

+20 C

E/EH grade

B/AH grade

0 C

FH grade -60 C

D/DH grade

-20 C

4)

For plates thicker than 60mm, see EN 10028-2:1992.

5)

For plates thicker than 50mm, see EN 10028-3:1992.

5)*

For plates thicker than 70mm, see EN 10028-3:1992.

6)

For t30mm.

6)*

For 30<t50mm

7)

Maximum thickness 63mm.

8)

For t50mm

8)*

For 50<t100mm

8)**

For 100<t<150mm

8)***

For t100mm. For 100<t150mm, see EN 10028-6.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

-40 C

PLATES

134

Mild Steel Plates


Metric units 7.85kg/mm m2 - 0.7293 kg/mm ft2
Width x Length (ft)
Thickness
Weight

4x8

4 x 16

5 x 10

5 x 20
Weight / pc

6 x 20

8 x 20

10 x 30

mm

kg/ft2

kg

kg

kg

kg

kg

kg

kg

1.2
1.5
1.6
1.9
2.3
2.6
3
3.2
4.0
4.5
5

0.875
1.094
1.167
1.386
1.677
1.896
2.188
2.334
2.917
3.282
3.647

28.0
35.0
37.3
44.3
53.7
60.7
70.0
74.7
93.3
105
117

187
210
233

43.8
54.7
58.3
69.3
83.9
94.8
109
117
146
164
182

219
292
328
365

350
394
438

6
6.35
7.5
8
9
9.53

4.376
4.631
5.470
5.834
6.564
6.950

140
148
175
187
210
222

280
296
350
373
420
445

219
232
273
292
328
348

438
463
547
583
656
695

525
556
656
700
788
834

700
741
875
934
1050
1112

1313
1389
1641
1750
1969
2085

10
12
12.7
13
14
15

7.293
8.752
9.262
9.481
10.21
10.94

233
280
296
303
327
350

467
560
593
607
653
700

365
438
463
474
511
547

729
875
926
948
1021
1094

875
1050
1111
1138
1225
1313

1167
1400
1482
1517
1634
1750

2188
2625
2779
2844
3063
3282

16
18
19

11.67
13.13
13.86

373
420
443

747
840
887

583
656
693

1167
1313
1386

1400
1575
1663

1867
2100
2217

3501
3938
4157

20
21
22
24
25

14.59
15.32
16.04
17.50
18.23

467
490
513
560
583

934
980
1027
1120
1167

729
766
802
875
912

1459
1532
1604
1750
1823

1750
1838
1925
2100
2188

2334
2450
2567
2801
2917

4376
4595
4813
5251
5470

25.4
28
29

18.52
20.42
21.15

593
653
677

1186
1307
1354

926
1021
1057

1852
2042
2115

2223
2450
2538

2964
3267
3384

5557
6126
6345

30
32
35
36
38

21.88
23.34
25.53
26.25
27.71

700
747
817
840
887

1400
1494
1634
1680
1774

1094
1167
1277
1313
1386

2188
2334
2553
2625
2771

2625
2801
3064
3151
3326

3501
3734
4085
4201
4434

6564
7001
7659
7876
8314

40
44
45

29.17
32.09
32.82

934
1027
1050

1867
2054
2100

1459
1605
1641

2917
3209
3282

3501
3851
3938

4668
5134
5251

8752
9627
9846

50
55
57

36.47
40.11
41.57

1167
1284
1330

2334
2567
2660

1823
2006
2079

3647
4011
4157

4376
4813
4988

5834
6418
6651

10940
12033
12471

60
63.5
65

43.76
46.31
47.40

1400
1482
1517

2801
2964
3034

2188
2316
2370

4376
4631
4740

5251
5557
5689

7001
7410
7585

13127
13893
14221

70
75

51.05
54.70

1634
1750

3267
3501

2553
2735

5105
5470

6126
6564

8168
8752

15315
16409

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PLATES

135

Contd. from previous page


2
2
Metric units 7.85kg/mm m - 0.7293 kg/mm ft
Width x Length (ft)
Thickness
Weight
2

4x8

4 x 16

5 x 10

5 x 20
Weight / pc

6 x 20

8 x 20

10 x 30

mm

kg/ft

kg

kg

kg

kg

kg

kg

kg

80
90
100
110
120

58.34
65.64
72.93
80.22
87.52

1867
2100
2334
2567
2801

3734
4201
4668
5134
5601

2917
3282
3647
4011
4376

5834
6564
7293
8022
8752

7001
7876
8752
9627
10502

9335
10502
11669
12836
14003

17503
19691
21879
24067
26255

125
130
140
150

91.16
94.81
102.1
109.4

2917
3034
3267
3501

5834
6068
6535
7001

4558
4740
5105
5470

9116
9481
10210
10940

10940
11377
12252
13127

14586
15169
16336
17503

27349
28443
30631
32819

Table 29 Plates: Sizes of Mild Steel Plates

Chequered Plates
2

Metric units 8.08kg/mm m - 0.7507 kg/mm ft


Width x Length (ft)

4x 8

4 x 10

4 x 16

Thickness

Weight

mm

kg/ft2

kg

kg

kg

2.3
3

1.73
2.25

55.2
72.0

69.1
90.1

111
144

4 x 20

5 x 10

5 x 20

kg

kg

Kg

138
180

86.3
113

Weight / pc

3.2

2.40

76.8

96.1

154

192

120

3.00

96.1

120

192

240

150

4.3

3.23

103

129

207

258

161

4.5

3.38

108

135

216

270

169

3.75

120

150

240

300

188

5.8

4.35

139

174

279

348

218

435

4.50

144

180

288

360

225

450

7.5

5.63

180

225

360

450

282

563

6.01

192

240

384

480

300

601

6.76

216

270

432

541

338

676

12

9.01

288

360

576

721

450

901

Table 30 Plates: Sizes of Chequered Plates

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PLATES

136

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

137

Pipes

JIS G3452 (1988) SGP


Nominal size
A
B

Outside Diameter
mm
in

Thickness
mm
in

Unit Weight (plain end)


lb/ft
kg/m

1/8

10.5

0.413

2.0

0.079

0.282

1/4

13.8

0.543

2.3

0.090

0.438

0.652

10

3/8

17.3

0.681

2.3

0.090

0.572

0.851

0.419

15

1/2

21.7

0.854

2.8

0.110

0.880

1.31

20

3/4

27.2

1.07

2.8

0.110

1.13

1.68

25

34.0

1.34

3.2

0.126

1.63

2.43

32

1 1/4

42.7

1.68

3.5

0.138

2.27

3.38

40

1 1/2

48.6

1.91

3.5

0.138

2.61

3.89

50

60.5

2.38

3.8

0.150

3.57

5.31

65

2 1/2

76.3

3.00

4.2

0.165

5.02

7.47

80

89.1

3.51

4.2

0.165

5.91

8.79

90

3 1/2

102

4.00

4.2

0.165

6.79

10.1

100

114

4.50

4.5

0.177

8.20

12.2

125

140

5.50

4.5

0.177

10.1

15.0

150

165

6.50

5.0

0.197

13.3

19.8

175

191

7.51

5.3

0.209

16.3

24.2

200

216

8.52

5.8

0.228

20.2

30.1

225

242

9.52

6.2

0.244

24.2

36.0

250

10

267

10.5

6.6

0.260

28.5

42.4

300

12

319

12.5

6.9

0.272

35.6

53.0

350

14

356

14.0

7.9

0.311

45.5

67.7

400

16

406

16.0

7.9

0.311

52.1

77.6

450

18

457

18.0

7.9

0.311

58.7

87.5

500

20

508

20.0

7.9

0.311

65.4

97.4

Tensile Strength : 290N/mm2

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

138

BS 1387 (1985)
Steel tubes and tubulars suitable for screwing to BS 21 pipe threads
Designatio
Nomina
Tube
n
l
Outside diameter of black pipe
of thread
bore
max.
in.
mm
in.
mm
Light

Mediu
m

Heavy

Thickness
min
in.

mm

in.

mm
1.8

1/8

0.383

10.1

0.369

9.7

0.072

1/4

0.532

13.6

0.518

13.2

0.072

1.8

3/8

10

0.671

17.1

0.656

16.7

0.072

1.8

1/2

15

0.841

21.4

0.825

21.0

0.080

2.0

3/4

20

1.059

26.9

1.041

26.4

0.092

2.3

25

1.328

33.8

1.309

33.2

0.104

2.6

1 1/4

32

1.670

42.5

1.650

41.9

1.104

2.6

1 1/2

40

1.903

48.4

1.882

47.8

0.116

2.9

50

2.347

60.2

2.307

59.6

0.116

2.9

2 1/2

65

2.991

76.0

2.960

75.2

0.128

3.2

80

3.491

88.7

3.460

87.9

0.128

3.2

100

4.481

113.9

4.450

113.0

0.144

3.6

1/8

0.411

10.4

0.386

9.8

0.080

2.0

1/4

0.547

13.9

0.522

13.3

0.092

2.3

3/8

10

0.685

17.4

0.660

16.8

0.092

2.3

1/2

15

0.856

21.7

0.831

21.1

0.104

2.6

3/4

20

1.072

27.2

1.047

26.6

0.104

2.6

25

1.346

34.2

1.316

33.4

0.128

3.2

1 1/4

32

1.687

42.9

1.657

42.1

0.128

3.2

1 1/2

40

1.919

48.8

1.889

48.0

0.128

3.2

50

2.394

60.8

2.354

59.8

0.144

3.6

2 1/2

65

3.014

76.6

2.969

75.4

0.144

3.6

80

3.524

89.5

3.469

88.1

0.160

4.0

100

4.524

114.9

4.459

113.3

0.176

4.5

125

5.534

140.6

5.459

138.7

0.192

5.0

150

6.539

166.1

6.459

164.1

0.192

5.0

1/8

0.411

10.4

0.386

9.8

0.104

2.7

1/4

0.547

13.9

0.522

13.3

0.116

2.9

3/8

10

0.685

17.4

0.660

16.8

0.116

2.9

1/2

15

0.856

21.7

0.831

21.1

0.128

3.2

3/4

20

1.072

27.2

1.047

26.6

0.128

3.2

25

1.346

34.2

1.316

33.4

0.160

4.0

1 1/4

32

1.687

42.9

1.657

42.1

0.160

4.0

1 1/2

40

1.919

48.8

1.889

48.0

0.160

4.0

50

2.394

60.8

2.354

59.8

0.176

4.5

2 1/2

65

3.014

76.6

2.969

75.4

0.176

4.5

80

3.524

89.5

3.469

88.1

0.192

5.0

100

4.524

114.9

4.459

113.3

0.212

5.4

125

5.534

140.6

5.459

138.7

0.212

5.4

150

6.539

166.1

6.459

164.1

0.212

5.4

Yield Strength : 195 N/mm2


Tensile Strength : 320 to 460 N/mm2

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

139

Steel tubes and tubulars suitable for screwing to BS 21 pipe threads


Tube
Plain end
lb/ft
kg/m
Light

Mediu
m

Heavy

Weight of black pipe


Screwed and socketed
lb/ft
kg/m

Ordinary sockets
Min. outside dia.
Min. length
in.
mm
in.
mm

0.243

0.361

0.245

0.364

19/32

15.0

3/4

19

0.347

0.517

0.350

0.521

23/32

18.5

1 1/16

27

0.453

0.674

0.457

0.680

7/8

22.0

1 1/8

28

0.640

0.952

0.646

0.961

1 1/16

27.0

1 7/16

37

0.944

1.410

0.954

1.420

1 9/32

32.5

1 9/16

39

1.350

2.010

1.360

2.030

1 9/16

39.5

1 13/16

46

1.730

2.580

1.750

2.610

1 15/16

49.0

51

2.190

3.250

2.220

3.290

2 3/16

56.0

51

2.760

4.110

2.810

4.180

2 11/16

68.0

2 3/8

60

3.900

5.800

3.980

5.920

3 5/16

84.0

2 11/16

69

4.580

6.810

4.690

6.980

3 7/8

98.0

2 15/16

75

6.640

9.890

6.840

10.200

4 7/8

124.0

3 7/16

87

0.273

0.407

0.275

0.410

19/32

15.0

3/4

19

0.437

0.650

0.440

0.654

23/32

18.5

1 1/16

27

0.573

0.852

0.577

0.858

7/8

22.0

1 1/8

28

0.822

1.220

0.828

1.230

1 1/16

27.0

1 7/16

37

1.060

1.580

1.070

1.590

1 9/32

32.5

1 9/16

39

1.640

2.440

1.650

2.460

1 9/16

39.5

1 13/16

46

2.110

3.140

2.130

3.170

1 15/16

49.0

51

2.430

3.610

2.460

3.650

2 3/16

56.0

51

3.420

5.100

3.470

5.170

2 11/16

68.0

2 3/8

60

4.380

6.510

4.460

6.630

3 5/16

84.0

2 11/16

69

5.690

8.470

5.800

8.640

3 7/8

98.0

2 15/16

75

8.140

12.100

8.340

12.400

4 7/8

124.0

3 7/16

87

10.900

16.200

11.200

16.700

5 15/16

151.0

3 3/4

96

12.900

19.200

13.300

19.800

178.0

3 3/4

96

0.331

0.493

0.333

0.496

19/32

15.0

3/4

19

0.517

0.769

0.520

0.773

23/32

18.5

1 1/16

27

0.686

1.020

0.690

1.030

7/8

22.0

1 1/8

28

0.977

1.450

0.983

1.460

1 1/16

27.0

1 7/16

37

1.270

1.900

1.280

1.910

1 9/32

32.5

1 9/16

39

2.000

2.970

2.010

2.990

1 9/16

39.5

1 13/16

46

2.580

3.840

2.600

3.870

1 15/16

49.0

51

2.980

4.430

3.010

4.470

2 3/16

56.0

51

4.140

6.170

4.190

6.240

2 11/16

68.0

2 3/8

60

5.310

7.900

5.390

8.020

3 5/16

84.0

2 11/16

69

6.760

10.100

6.870

10.300

3 7/8

98.0

2 15/16

75

9.710

14.400

9.910

14.700

4 7/8

124.0

3 7/16

87

12.000

17.800

12.300

18.300

5 15/16

151.0

3 3/4

96

14.300

21.200

14.700

21.800

178.0

3 3/4

96

Yield Strength : 195 N/mm2


Tensile Strength : 320 to 460 N/mm2

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

140

API 5L (1991) and ASTM A53 (1997)


API Specification 5L line pipes (1991 edition); seamless and welded line pipes for
conveying water, gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons and for the construction of
chemical and industrial plants, oil refineries etc.
ASTM A53 (1997 edition) Steel pipes, black and hot-dipped, zinc-coated, welded and
seamless, with nominal (average) diameter from 1/8 - 26.
Please note that API 5L pipes might be heat-treated, ASTM A53 pipes are all cold
formed.

Chemical composition
The chemical composition of the API 5L and ASTM A53 pipes are shown below.
Delivery
condition
API 5L
S-W
S-W
S-W
S-W
S-W
S-W
S-W
W
W
W
ASTM A53
S-W
S-W
F

Grade

C max.
%

Mn max.
%

P max.
%

S max.
%

A
B
X42
X46
X52
X56
X60
X65
X70
X80

0.22
0.27
0.29
0.31
0.31
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.23
0.18

0.90
1.15
1.25
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.40
1.60
1.80

0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03

0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.018

A
B

0.25
0.30
-

0.95
1.20
-

0.05
0.05
0.08

0.06
0.06
0.06

Notes: S = Seamless, W = electric-resistance Welded, F = Furnace-welded

Table 31 API 5L and ASTM A53 Pipes: Chemical composition

Mechanical properties
The mechanical properties for the API 5L and ASTM A53 pipes are shown in Table 32
below.
Delivery
condition

Grade

API 5L
S-W
S-W
S-W
S-W
S-W
S-W
S-W
W
W
W
ASTM A53
S-W
S-W
F

Min. Yield
strength
N/mm2

Min. Tensile
strength
N/mm2

A
B
X42
X46
X52
X56
X60
X65
X70
X80

207
241
289
317
358
386
413
448
482
551

331
413
413
434
455
489
517
530
565
620-827

A
B

205
240
170

330
415
310

Table 32 API 5L and ASTM A53 Pipes: Mechanical properties

The tables on the following pages show the available sizes with outside diameter, plain
end weight, wall thickness, designation, and hydrostatic test pressure.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

141

Section sizes
OD = outer diameter,
ID = inner diameter
= Sizes only from ASTM A53 (1997). Schedule Nos. are taken from ASTM A53.
ASTM sizes do not have an alternative size or grades X42 to X80.
Size
OD

Wall thickness

Unit
weight

ID

inch
mm

Sch. No
(Class)

1/8
10.3

t
mm

kg/m

mm

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

40(Std)
80(XS)

1.7
2.4

0.36
0.47

6.9
5.5

700
850

700
850

700
850

1/4
13.7

40(Std)
80(XS)

2.2
3.0

0.62
0.79

9.3
7.7

700
850

700
850

700
850

3/8
17.2

40(Std)
80(XS)

2.3
3.2

0.84
1.10

12.5
10.1

700
850

700
850

700
850

1/2
21.3

40(Std)
80(XS)
160
(XXS)

2.8
3.7
4.8
7.5

1.28
1.61
1.95
2.55

15.7
13.9
11.7
6.3

700
850
900
1000

700
850
900
1000

700
850
900
1000

3/4
26.7

40(Std)
80(XS)
160
(XXS)
40 (Std)
80 (XS)

2.9
3.9
5.6
7.8

1.70
2.19
2.89
3.64

20.9
18.9
15.5
11.1

700
850
950
1000

700
850
950
1000

700
850
950
1000

3.4
4.5
6.4
9.1

2.52
3.21
4.23
5.45

26.6
24.4
20.7
15.2

700
850
1000
-

700
850
950
1000

700
850
950
1000

3.6
4.9
6.4
9.7

3.43
4.51
5.60
7.77

35.0
32.4
29.5
22.8

1000
1300
1400
-

1200
1800
1900
2200

1300
1900
2000
2300

3.7
5.1
7.1
10.2

4.07
5.43
7.23
9.58

40.9
38.1
34.0
27.9

1200
1800
1950
2200

1300
1900
2050
2300

2.1

3.01

56.1

2.8

3.97

54.6

3.2

4.51

53.9

3.6

5.03

53.1

3.9

5.42

52.5

4.4

6.07

51.5

4.8

6.57

50.7

5.5

7.43

49.3

6.4

8.51

47.5

7.1

9.31

46.1

Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.

1260
1570
1650
2070
1890
2370
2140
2500
2330
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500

1470
1830
1930
2410
2210
2500
2490
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500

1760
2200
2310
2890
2650
3000
2990
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1930
2410
2530
3000
2910
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2180
2730
2860
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2350
2940
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2520
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2730
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2940
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1
33.4

160
(XXS)
1 1/4
42.2

40 (Std)
80 (XS)
160
(XXS)

1 1/2
48.3

40 (Std)
80 (XS)
160
(XXS)

2 3/8
60.3
(Std)

40 (Std)

80 (XS)

Butt
weld

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

142

Size
OD

Wall thickness

inch
mm

Sch. no
(Class)

t
mm

kg/m

mm

2 3/8
60.3

160

8.7

11.10

42.8

(XXS)

11.1

13.47

38.1

2.1

3.67

68.8

2.8

4.85

67.4

3.2

5.51

66.6

3.6

6.16

65.8

4.0

6.81

65.0

4.4

7.44

64.2

4.8

8.07

63.4

5.2

8.69

62.6

5.5

9.16

62.0

6.4

10.51

60.2

80 (XS)

7.0

11.39

59.0

160

9.5

14.89

54.0

(XXS)

14.0

20.37

45.0

2.1

4.50

84.7

2.8

5.95

83.3

3.2

6.76

82.5

3.6

7.57

81.7

4.0

8.37

80.9

4.4

9.17

80.1

4.8

9.95

79.3

5.5

11.31

77.9

6.4

13.02

76.1

7.1

14.32

74.7

7.6

15.24

73.7

2 7/8
73.0

40 (Std)

3
88.9

40 (Std)

80 (XS)

Unit
weight

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

ID
A

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.

2500
2500
2500

2500
2500
2500

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.

1040
1300
1360
1710
1570
1960
1770
2210
1950
2440
2150
2500
2350
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500

1210
1520
1590
1990
1830
2280
2060
2500
2280
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500

1460
1820
1910
2390
2190
2740
2470
3000
2730
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1590
1990
2090
2620
2400
3000
2710
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1800
2250
2370
2960
2710
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1940
2430
2550
3000
2920
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2030
2600
2730
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2250
2810
2960
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2430
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2770
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.

850
1070
1120
1400
1290
1610
1450
1810
1600
2010
1770
2210
1930
2420
2220
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500

1000
1250
1310
1640
1500
1880
1690
2120
1870
2340
2060
2500
2260
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500

1200
1490
1570
1960
1800
2250
2030
2540
2250
2810
2480
3000
2710
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1310
1640
1720
2150
1970
2460
2220
2780
2460
3000
2710
3000
2970
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1480
1850
1940
2430
2230
2790
2510
3000
2780
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1590
1990
2090
2620
2400
3000
2710
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1710
2130
2240
2800
2570
3000
2900
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1850
2310
2430
3000
2790
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1990
2490
2620
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2270
2840
2990
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

143

Size
OD

Wall thickness

inch
mm

Sch. no
(Class)

t
mm

kg/m

mm

3
88.9

160

11.1

21.30

66.6

(XXS)

15.2

27.63

58.5

2.1

5.15

97.4

2.8

6.82

96.0

3.2

7.76

95.2

3.6

8.70

94.4

4.0

9.63

93.6

4.4

10.55

92.8

4.8

11.46

92.0

5.7

13.48

90.2

6.4

15.02

88.8

7.1

16.55

87.4

8.1

18.68

85.4

2.1

5.81

110.1

3.2

8.77

107.9

3.6

9.83

107.1

4.0

10.88

106.3

4.4

11.92

105.5

4.8

12.96

104.7

5.2

13.99

103.9

5.6

15.01

103.1

6.0

16.02

102.3

6.4

17.03

101.5

7.1

18.77

100.1

7.9

20.73

98.5

8.6

22.42

97.1

4
101.6

40 (Std)

80 (XS)
4
114.30

40 (Std)

80 (XS)

Unit
weight

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

ID
A

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.

2500
2500
2500

2500
2500
2500

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

3000
3000

Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.

750
930
980
1230
1130
1410
1270
1590
1400
1760
1550
1940
1690
2120
2930
2540
2250
2800
2530
2800
2800
2800

870
1090
1140
1430
1310
1640
1480
1850
1640
2050
1810
2260
1970
2470
2370
2800
2630
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

1050
1310
1370
1720
1580
1970
1780
2220
1970
2460
2170
2710
2370
2960
2850
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1150
1430
1500
1880
1730
2160
1950
2430
2150
2690
2370
2970
2590
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1290
1620
1700
2130
1950
2440
2200
2750
2430
3000
2680
3000
2930
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1390
1740
1830
2290
2100
2630
2370
2960
2620
3000
2890
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1490
1870
1960
2450
2250
2810
2540
3000
2810
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1620
2020
2130
2660
2440
3000
2750
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1740
2180
2290
2860
2630
3000
2960
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1990
2460
2620
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.

660
830
1000
1250
1130
1410
1250
1560
1380
1720
1500
1880
1620
2030
1750
2190
1900
2370
2000
2500
2250
2800
2500
2800
2700
2800

770
970
1170
1460
1320
1650
1460
1820
1610
2010
1750
2190
1890
2370
2040
2560
2210
2770
2330
2800
2620
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

930
1160
1400
1750
1580
1970
1750
2180
1930
2410
2110
2630
2270
2840
2450
3000
2650
3000
2800
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1020
1270
1530
1920
1730
2160
1910
2390
2110
2640
2310
2880
2490
3000
2690
3000
2910
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1150
1440
1730
2170
1960
2440
2160
2700
2390
2980
2610
3000
2810
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1240
1550
1870
2330
2110
2630
2330
2910
2570
3000
2810
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1330
1660
2000
2500
2260
2820
2500
3000
2750
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1440
1800
2170
2710
2440
3000
2700
3000
2980
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1550
1940
2330
2920
2630
3000
2910
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1770
2210
2670
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

144

Size
OD

Wall thickness

inch
mm

Sch. no
(Class)

t
mm

kg/m

mm

4
114.30

120

11.1

28.25

92.1

160

13.5

33.56

87.3

(XXS)

17.1

40.99

80.1

2.1
3.2
4.0
4.8
5.6
6.6
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
12.7
15.9
19.1

7.21
10.90
13.54
16.16
18.74
21.92
23.50
25.99
28.45
30.88
40.28
49.17
57.56

137.1
134.9
133.3
131.7
130.1
128.1
127.1
125.5
123.9
122.3
115.9
109.5
103.1

5 9/16
141.3

40

80 (XS)
120
160
(XXS)

Size

Wall thickness

OD
inch
mm

Sch. No.
(Class)

6 5/8
168.3

40

80 (XS)
120
160

(XXS)
8 5/8
219.1

Unit
weight

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

ID
A

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.
Std.
Alt.

2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.

540
810
1010
1220
1420
1670
1820
2020
2230
2430
2800
2800
2800

630
940
1180
1420
1650
1950
2120
2360
2600
2800
2800
2800
2800

750
1130
1410
1700
1990
2340
2550
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

820
1240
1550
1870
2170
2560
2790
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

930
1400
1750
2110
2460
2890
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1000
1500
1910
2270
2650
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1040
1630
2020
2430
2830
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1160
1750
2120
2640
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1250
1890
2360
2840
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1430
2160
2690
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

Unit

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

weight

ID

mm

kg/m

mm

A
Std.

Alt.

B
Std.

Alt.

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

2.1
2.8
3.2
3.6
4.0
4.4
4.8
5.2
5.6
6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
11.0
12.7
14.3
15.9
18.3
19.1
21.9
22.2

8.61
11.43
13.03
14.62
16.21
17.78
19.35
20.91
22.47
25.55
28.22
31.25
34.24
37.20
42.67
48.73
54.31
59.76
67.69
70.27
79.10
79.98

164.1
162.7
161.9
161.1
160.3
159.5
158.7
157.9
157.1
155.5
154.1
152.5
150.9
149.3
146.3
142.9
139.7
136.5
131.7
130.1
124.4
123.9

450
590
680
770
850
930
1020
1100
1190
1360
1520
1700
1870
2040
2350
2720
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

560
740
850
960
1060
1170
1280
1380
1490
1700
1900
2120
2340
2550
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

530
690
790
890
990
1090
1190
1290
1390
1580
1780
1980
2180
2380
2740
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

660
860
990
1120
1240
1360
1490
1610
1740
1980
2220
2470
2500
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

790
1040
1190
1340
1480
1640
1790
1930
2080
2380
2660
2970
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

860
1140
1300
1470
1620
1790
1960
2110
2280
2600
2920
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

980
1280
1470
1660
1840
2030
2210
2390
2580
2940
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1050
1380
1580
1790
1980
2180
2380
2570
2780
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1130
1480
1700
1920
2120
2340
2550
2760
2980
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1220
1600
1840
2080
2300
2530
2770
2990
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1320
1730
1980
2230
2470
2730
2980
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1500
1970
2260
2550
2830
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3.2
4.0
4.8
5.2

17.04
21.22
25.37
27.43

212.7
211.1
209.5
208.7

520
650
780
850

650
810
980
1060

610
760
920
990

760
950
1140
1240

910
1140
1370
1480

1000
1250
1500
1620

1130
1410
1700
1840

1220
1520
1830
2000

1300
1630
1960
2120

1410
1760
2130
2290

1520
1900
2290
2470

1740
2170
2620
2820

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

Size
OD
inch
mm
8 5/8
219.1

145

Wall thickness
Sch. No.
(Class)
20
30
40

60
80 (XS)
100
120
140
(XXS)
160
10 3/4
273.1

20
30
40
10 3/4
273.1

60 (XS)
80
100
120

140
160
12 3/4
323.9

20

30
(Std)
40

Unit
weight

ID

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

t
mm

kg/m

mm

A
Std.

Alt.

B
Std.

Alt.

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

5.6
6.4
7.0
7.9
8.2
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
12.7
14.3
15.1
15.9
18.3
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.0
25.4

29.48
33.57
36.61
41.14
42.65
45.14
49.10
53.03
56.94
64.64
72.22
75.81
79.67
90.62
94.20
100.84
107.79
111.14
121.32

207.9
206.3
205.1
203.3
202.7
201.7
200.1
198.5
196.9
193.7
190.5
188.9
187.3
182.5
180.9
177.9
174.7
173.1
168.3

910
1040
1160
1300
1340
1440
1570
1700
1830
2090
2350
2500
2610
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

1140
1300
1450
1630
1680
1790
1960
2290
2610
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

1070
1220
1350
1520
1570
1680
1830
2000
2130
2430
2740
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

1330
1520
1690
1900
1960
2090
2280
2670
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

1600
1830
2020
2280
2350
2510
2740
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1750
2000
2220
2500
2580
2750
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1980
2260
2510
2820
2910
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2130
2430
2700
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2290
2610
2890
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2480
2830
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

2670
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

4.0
4.8
5.2
5.6
6.4
7.1
7.8
8.7
9.3
11.1

26.54
31.76
34.35
36.94
42.09
46.57
51.03
56.72
60.50
71.72

265.1
263.5
262.7
261.9
260.3
258.9
257.5
255.7
254.5
250.9

520
630
680
730
840
930
1030
1150
1220
1470

650
790
850
920
1050
1170
1290
1440
1530
1830

610
730
790
860
980
1090
1200
1340
1430
1710

760
920
990
1070
1220
1360
1500
1680
1780
2140

1040
1250
1350
1450
1660
1850
2040
2280
2420
2910

1130
1370
1480
1590
1820
2030
2230
2500
2660
3000

1280
1550
1670
1800
2060
2290
2520
2830
3000
3000

1380
1660
1800
1940
2210
2470
2720
3000
3000
3000

1480
1780
1930
2080
2370
2650
2910
3000
3000
3000

1600
1930
2090
2250
2570
2870
3000
3000
3000
3000

1730
2080
2250
2420
2770
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1970
2380
2570
2770
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

12.7
14.3
15.1
15.9
18.3
20.6
21.4
22.2
23.8
25.4
28.6
31.8

81.55
91.26
95.87
100.85
114.99
128.27
132.86
137.36
146.30
155.10
172.25
188.75

247.7
244.5
242.9
241.3
236.5
231.9
230.2
228.7
225.5
222.3
172.1
209.5

1670
1880
1990
2090
2410
2720
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

2090
2350
2620
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

1950
2200
2320
2440
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

2440
2740
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

4.4
4.8
5.2
5.6
6.4
7.1
7.9
8.4
8.7
9.5
10.3

34.67
37.77
40.87
43.59
50.11
55.47
61.56
65.35
67.62
73.65
79.65

315.1
314.3
313.5
312.7
311.1
309.7
308.1
307.1
306.5
304.9
303.3

490
530
570
620
710
790
880
930
970
1060
1150

610
660
720
770
880
990
1100
1160
1210
1320
1430

570
620
670
720
820
930
1030
1090
1130
1240
1340

710
770
840
900
1030
1160
1280
1360
1420
1540
1670

960
1050
1140
1230
1400
1570
1750
1850
1930
2100
2270

1050
1150
1250
1340
1530
1720
1910
2020
2110
2300
2490

1190
1300
1410
1520
1730
1950
2160
2290
2390
2600
2810

1280
1400
1520
1640
1870
2100
2330
2460
2570
2800
3000

1380
1500
1620
1750
2000
2250
2500
2640
2750
3000
3000

1490
1630
1760
1900
2170
2440
2700
2860
2980
3000
3000

1610
1750
1890
2040
2330
2620
2910
3000
3000
3000
3000

1830
2010
2170
2340
2670
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

Size
OD
inch
mm
12 3/4
323.9

146

Wall thickness
Sch. No.
(Class)
(XS)
60
80

100

120(XXS)
140
160
14
355.6
10

20
30(Std)
40
(XS)
60

80

100

120
140
160

16
406.4
10
20

Unit
Weight

ID

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

t
mm

kg/m

mm

A
Std.

Alt.

B
Std.

Alt.

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

11.1
12.7
14.3
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
21.4
22.2
23.8
25.4
27.0
28.6
31.8
33.3

85.62
97.46
109.18
120.76
132.23
143.56
154.08
159.69
165.17
176.13
186.91
197.68
208.27
229.06
238.48

301.7
298.5
295.3
292.1
288.9
285.7
282.7
281.0
279.5
276.3
273.1
269.9
266.7
260.3
257.2

1240
1410
1590
1760
1940
2120
2290
2390
2470
2650
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

1550
1760
1980
2210
2430
2650
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
-

1440
1650
1850
2060
2270
2470
2670
2780
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

1800
2060
2310
2570
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
-

2450
2800
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

2690
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

4.8
5.2
5.3
5.6
6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.1
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.8
25.4
27.0
27.8
28.6
31.8
35.7
50.8
54.0
55.9
63.5

41.52
44.93
45.78
48.33
55.11
61.02
67.74
74.42
81.08
87.71
94.30
100.86
107.39
120.36
126.55
133.19
145.91
158.49
170.18
182.52
194.74
206.83
218.79
224.64
230.63
253.31
281.40
381.40
401.03
412.56
456.89

346.0
345.2
345.0
344.4
342.8
341.4
339.8
338.2
336.6
335.0
333.4
331.8
330.2
327.0
325.4
323.8
320.6
317.4
314.4
311.2
308.0
304.8
301.6
300.0
298.4
292.1
284.2
254.0
247.7
243.8
228.6

480
520
540
560
640
720
800
880
960
1040
1130
1210
1290
1450
1530
1610
1770
1930
2090
2250
2410
2570
2730
2740
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

600
650
680
700
800
900
1000
1110
1210
1310
1410
1510
1610
1810
2010
2210
2410
2610
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
-

560
610
630
660
750
840
940
1030
1120
1220
1310
1410
1500
1690
1780
1880
2060
2250
2440
2620
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

700
760
790
820
940
1050
1170
1290
1410
1520
1640
1760
1880
2110
2340
2580
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
-

960
1040
1070
1120
1280
1430
1590
1750
1910
2070
2230
2390
2550
2870
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1050
1140
1170
1220
1400
1570
1740
1920
2090
2270
2450
2620
2790
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1190
1290
1330
1380
1580
1770
1970
2170
2370
2560
2770
2960
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1280
1390
1430
1490
1700
1910
2120
2340
2550
2760
2980
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1370
1480
1530
1600
1820
2050
2270
2510
2730
2960
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1480
1600
1660
1730
1970
2220
2460
2720
2960
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1600
1730
1790
1860
2130
2390
2650
2920
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1830
1970
2040
2130
2430
2730
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

4.8
5.2
5.6
6.4
7.1
7.9

47.54
51.45
55.35
63.13
69.91
77.63

396.8
396.0
395.2
393.6
392.2
390.6

420
460
490
560
630
700

530
570
620
700
790
880

490
530
570
660
740
820

620
670
720
820
920
1020

840
910
980
1120
1250
1390

920
990
1070
1220
1370
1520

1040
1120
1210
1380
1550
1720

1120
1210
1300
1490
1670
1860

1200
1290
1400
1590
1790
1990

1300
1400
1510
1730
1940
2150

1400
1510
1630
1860
2090
2320

1600
1730
1860
2130
2390
2650

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

Size
OD
inch
mm
16
406.4

147

Wall thickness
Sch. No.
(Class)
30(Std)

40(XS)

60

80

100

120
140
160
18
457.2
10
20
(Std)
30
(XS)
40

60

80

100

120
140
160

Unit
weight

ID

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

t
mm

kg/m

mm

A
Std.

Alt.

B
Std.

Alt.

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.9
16.7
17.5
19.1
20.6
21.4
22.2
23.8
25.4
26.2
27.0
28.6
30.2
31.0
31.8
36.5
40.5

85.32
92.98
100.61
108.20
115.77
123.30
138.27
153.14
159.96
167.83
182.42
195.98
203.29
210.33
224.55
238.64
245.25
252.61
266.45
280.17
286.33
293.76
333.35
364.93

389.0
387.4
385.8
384.2
382.6
381.0
377.8
374.6
373.1
371.4
368.2
365.2
363.5
362.0
358.8
355.6
354.0
352.4
349.2
346.0
344.5
342.8
332.8
325.4

770
840
910
990
1060
1120
1260
1410
1480
1550
1690
1830
1900
1970
2110
2250
2320
2390
2530
2670
2740
2800
2800
2800

970
1050
1110
1230
1320
1410
1580
1760
1940
2110
2280
2460
2640
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
-

900
980
1070
1150
1230
1310
1480
1640
1720
1810
1970
2130
2220
2300
2460
2620
2710
2790
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

1130
1230
1330
1440
1540
1640
1840
2050
2260
2460
2660
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
-

1540
1670
1810
1950
2090
2230
2510
2790
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1680
1830
1980
2140
2290
2440
2750
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1900
2070
2240
2420
2590
2760
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

2050
2230
2420
2610
2790
2980
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

2190
2390
2590
2790
2990
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

2380
2590
2800
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

2560
2790
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

2920
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

4.8
5.6
6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.8
25.4
27.0
28.6
29.4
30.2
31.8
34.9
39.7
45.2

53.53
62.34
71.12
78.77
87.49
96.18
104.84
113.46
122.05
130.62
139.15
156.11
172.95
189.67
206.25
221.69
238.03
254.25
270.34
286.30
302.14
309.41
317.85
333.44
363.28
408.04
459.05

447.4
445.8
444.2
442.8
441.2
439.6
438.0
436.4
434.8
433.2
431.6
428.4
425.2
422.0
418.8
415.8
412.6
409.4
406.2
40.30
399.8
398.5
396.6
393.4
387.4
377.9
366.7

380
440
500
560
620
690
750
810
880
940
1000
1120
1250
1380
1500
1620
1750
1880
2000
2120
2250
2310
2370
2500
2750
2800
2800

470
550
620
700
780
860
940
1020
1100
1170
1250
1400
1560
1720
1880
2030
2190
2340
2500
2660
2800
2800
2800
-

440
510
580
660
730
800
880
950
1020
1090
1170
1310
1460
1610
1750
1890
2040
2190
2330
2480
2620
2700
2770
2800
2800
2800
2800

550
640
730
820
910
1000
1090
1180
1280
1370
1460
1640
1820
2010
2190
2370
2550
2740
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
-

750
870
990
1110
1240
1360
1490
1610
1740
1860
1980
2230
2480
2730
2980
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

820
950
1090
1220
1360
1490
1630
1760
1900
2040
2170
2440
2720
2990
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

920
1080
1230
1380
1530
1690
1840
1990
2150
2300
2460
2760
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

990
1160
1320
1490
1650
1820
1980
2150
2320
2480
2640
2970
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1070
1240
1420
1590
1770
1950
2120
2300
2480
2660
2830
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1150
1340
1530
1730
1920
2110
2300
2490
2690
2880
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1240
1450
1650
1860
2060
2270
2480
2680
2900
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1420
1650
1890
2120
2350
2600
2830
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

Size

148

Wall thickness

OD
inch
mm

Sch. No.
(Class)

20
508.0

10

20(Std)

30(XS)
40

60

80

100

120
140
160
22
558.8

10

20

30
40

Unit

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

weight

ID

t
mm

kg/m

mm

A
Std.

Alt.

B
Std.

Alt.

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

5.6
6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.1
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.8
25.4
26.2
27.0
28.6
30.2
31.8
32.5
33.3
34.9
38.1
44.5
50.0

69.38
79.16
87.70
97.43
107.12
116.78
126.41
136.01
145.58
155.12
174.10
183.19
192.95
211.68
230.27
247.60
265.95
284.18
302.28
310.80
320.26
338.11
355.83
373.43
381.07
389.81
407.17
440.99
507.56
564.10

496.8
495.2
493.8
492.2
490.6
489.0
487.4
485.8
484.2
482.6
479.4
477.8
476.2
473.0
469.8
466.8
463.6
460.4
457.2
455.6
454.0
450.8
447.6
444.4
442.9
441.4
438.2
431.8
419.1
408.0

390
450
510
560
620
680
730
790
840
900
1010
1170
1120
1240
1350
1460
1580
1690
1800
1860
1910
2020
2140
2250
2310
2360
2480
2700
2800
2800

490
560
630
700
770
840
910
990
1060
1120
1260
1410
1550
1690
1830
1970
2110
2250
2390
2530
2670
2750
2750
2750
-

460
520
590
660
720
790
850
920
980
1050
1180
1250
1310
1440
1580
1710
1840
1970
2100
2170
2230
2360
2490
2620
2690
2750
2750
2800
2800
2800

570
660
740
820
900
980
1070
1150
1230
1310
1480
1640
1810
1970
2130
2300
2460
2620
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
-

830
950
1060
1180
1300
1420
1530
1660
1770
1890
2120
2360
2600
2840
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

910
1040
1160
1290
1420
1550
1680
1810
1940
2070
2330
2590
2850
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1020
1170
1320
1460
1610
1760
1900
2050
2190
2340
2630
2930
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1100
1260
1420
1570
1730
1890
2050
2210
2360
2520
2830
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1180
1350
1520
1680
1860
2030
2190
2370
2530
2700
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1280
1460
1640
1830
2010
2190
2380
2560
2740
2930
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1380
1580
1770
1970
2170
2360
2560
2760
2950
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1580
1800
2020
2250
2480
2700
2920
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

5.6
6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.8
25.4
27.0
28.6
30.2
31.8

76.42
87.21
96.63
107.36
118.06
128.73
139.37
149.97
160.55
171.09
192.08
212.95
233.68
254.30
273.51
293.87
314.11
334.23
354.22
374.08
393.81
413.42

547.8
546.2
544.8
543.2
541.6
540.0
538.4
536.8
535.2
533.6
530.4
527.2
524.0
520.8
517.8
514.6
511.4
508.2
505.0
501.8
498.6
495.4

360
410
460
510
560
610
660
720
770
820
920
1020
1130
1230
1330
1430
1530
1640
1740
1840
1940
2050

450
510
570
640
700
770
830
900
960
1020
1150
1280
1410
1530
1660
1790
1920
2050
2170
2300
2430
2500

420
480
540
600
660
720
780
840
900
950
1070
1190
1310
1430
1550
1670
1790
1910
2030
2150
2270
2390

520
600
670
740
820
890
970
1050
1120
1190
1340
1490
1640
1790
1940
2090
2240
2390
2500
2500
2500
2500

750
860
970
1070
1180
1290
1400
1510
1610
1720
1930
2150
2360
2580
2790
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

820
940
1060
1170
1290
1410
1530
1650
1770
1880
2120
2350
2590
2820
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

930
1060
1200
1330
1460
1600
1730
1860
2000
2130
2390
2660
2930
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1000
1150
1290
1430
1580
1720
1860
2010
2150
2290
2570
2860
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1080
1230
1380
1530
1690
1840
1990
2150
2300
2450
2760
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1160
1330
1490
1660
1830
1990
2160
2330
2490
2660
2990
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1250
1430
1610
1790
1970
2150
2330
2510
2690
2860
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1430
1640
1840
2040
2250
2450
2660
2870
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

Size
OD
inch
mm

149

Wall thickness
Sch. No.
(Class)

22
558.8

24
609.6

10

20(Std)

(XS)
30
40

60

80

100
120
140
160
26
660.0
10
(Std)

20(XS)

Unit
weight

ID

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

t
mm

kg/m

mm

A
Std.

Alt.

B
Std.

Alt.

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

33.3
34.9
36.5
38.1

431.69
451.06
470.30
489.41

492.4
489.2
486.0
482.8

2150
2250
2350
2450

2500
2500
2500
2500

2500
2500
2500
2500

2500
2500
2500
2500

3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000

6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.8
24.6
25.4
27.0
28.6
30.2
31.0
31.8
33.3
34.9
36.5
38.1
38.9
39.7
46.0
52.4
59.5

95.26
105.56
117.30
129.00
140.68
152.32
163.93
175.51
187.06
210.07
232.94
255.69
278.32
299.41
321.79
344.05
355.41
366.17
388.17
410.05
431.80
441.31
453.42
473.57
494.95
516.20
537.33
546.68
558.32
638.93
718.88
806.75

597.2
595.8
594.2
592.6
591.0
589.4
587.8
586.2
584.6
581.4
578.2
575.0
571.8
568.8
565.6
562.4
560.4
559.2
556.0
552.8
549.6
547.7
546.4
543.4
540.2
537.0
533.8
531.8
530.6
517.6
504.9
490.5

380
420
470
520
560
610
660
700
750
840
940
1030
1120
1220
1310
1410
1450
1500
1590
1690
1780
1830
1880
1970
2060
2160
2250
2300
2300
2720
2800
2800

470
530
580
640
700
760
820
880
940
1050
1170
1290
1410
1520
1640
1760
1880
1990
2110
2230
2300
2300
2300
2300
2300
2300
-

440
490
550
600
660
710
770
820
880
980
1090
1200
1310
1420
1530
1640
1700
1750
1860
1970
2080
2130
2190
2300
2300
2300
2300
2680
2300
2800
2800
2800

550
610
680
750
820
890
960
1030
1090
1230
1370
1500
1640
1780
1910
2050
2190
2300
2300
2300
2300
2300
2300
2300
2300
2300
-

790
890
980
1080
1180
1280
1380
1480
1580
1770
1970
2170
2360
2560
2760
2950
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

860
970
1080
1190
1290
1400
1510
1620
1730
1940
2160
2370
2590
2800
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

980
1100
1220
1340
1460
1580
1710
1830
1950
2190
2440
2680
2930
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1050
1180
1310
1440
1580
1710
1840
1970
2100
2360
2630
2890
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1130
1260
1400
1550
1690
1830
1970
2110
2250
2530
2810
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1220
1370
1520
1680
1830
1980
2140
2290
2440
2740
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1310
1480
1640
1810
1970
2130
2300
2460
2630
2950
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

1500
1690
1870
2060
2250
2440
2630
2810
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-

6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.8
25.4

103.15
114.31
127.04
139.73
152.39
165.02
177.62
190.19
202.72
227.70
252.55
277.27
301.87
324.81
349.16
373.39
397.49

647.2
645.8
644.2
642.6
641.0
639.4
637.8
636.2
634.6
631.4
628.2
625.0
621.8
618.8
615.6
612.4
609.2

350
390
430
480
520
560
610
650
690
780
870
950
1040
1120
1210
1300
1380

430
490
540
600
650
700
760
810
870
970
1080
1190
1300
1410
1510
1620
1730

400
450
500
560
610
660
710
760
810
910
1010
1110
1210
1310
1410
1520
1620

500
570
630
690
760
820
880
950
1010
1130
1260
1390
1510
1640
1770
1890
2000

730
820
910
1000
1090
1180
1270
1360
1450
1630
1820
2000
2180
2360
2540
2730
2910

800
890
990
1100
1190
1290
1390
1490
1590
1790
1990
2190
2390
2590
2790
2990
3000

900
1010
1120
1240
1350
1460
1580
1690
1800
2020
2250
2480
2700
2920
3000
3000
3000

970
1090
1210
1330
1450
1570
1700
1820
1940
2180
2420
2670
2910
3000
3000
3000
3000

1040
1170
1300
1430
1560
1690
1820
1950
2080
2330
2600
2860
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1130
1260
1400
1550
1690
1830
1970
2110
2250
2530
2810
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1210
1360
1510
1670
1820
1970
2120
2270
2420
2720
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1380
1560
1730
1910
2080
2250
2430
2600
2770
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

Size

150

Wall thickness

OD
inch
mm

Sch. No.
(Class)

28
711.0
10

20
30

30
762.0
10

20
30

32
813.0
10

20
30
40

Unit

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

weight

ID

t
mm

kg/m

mm

A
Std.

Alt.

B
Std.

Alt.

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.8
25.4

111.20
123.24
136.97
150.67
164.34
177.98
191.58
205.15
218.69
245.68
272.54
299.28
325.89
350.72
377.08
403.32
429.44

698.2
696.8
695.2
693.6
692.0
690.4
688.8
687.2
685.6
682.4
679.2
676.0
672.8
669.8
666.6
663.4
660.2

320
360
400
440
480
520
560
600
640
720
800
880
960
1040
1120
1210
1290

400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
900
1000
1110
1210
1300
1410
1510
1610

370
420
470
520
560
610
660
700
750
840
940
1030
1120
1220
1310
1410
1500

470
530
580
650
700
760
820
880
940
1050
1170
1290
1410
1520
1640
1760
1880

680
760
840
930
1010
1100
1180
1270
1350
1520
1690
1860
2020
2190
2360
2530
2700

740
830
920
1020
1110
1200
1300
1390
1480
1660
1850
2030
2220
2400
2590
2770
2960

840
940
1040
1150
1250
1360
1460
1570
1670
1880
2090
2300
2510
2710
2920
3000
3000

900
1010
1120
1240
1350
1460
1580
1690
1800
2020
2250
2480
2700
2920
3000
3000
3000

960
1080
1200
1330
1450
1570
1690
1810
1930
2170
2410
2650
2890
3000
3000
3000
3000

1040
1170
1300
1440
1570
1700
1830
1960
2090
2350
2610
2870
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1130
1260
1400
1550
1690
1830
1970
2110
2250
2530
2810
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1290
1450
1600
1770
1930
2090
2250
2410
2570
2890
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.8
25.4
27.0
28.6
30.2

119.25
132.17
146.91
161.61
176.29
190.93
205.54
220.12
234.67
263.67
292.54
321.29
349.91
376.63
405.00
433.26
461.38
489.38
517.25
544.99

749.2
747.8
746.2
744.6
743.0
741.4
739.8
738.2
736.6
733.4
730.2
727.0
723.8
720.8
717.6
714.4
711.2
708.0
704.8
701.6

300
340
370
410
450
490
530
560
600
670
750
830
900
970
1050
1130
1200
1270
1350
1430

370
420
470
520
560
610
660
700
750
840
940
1030
1120
1220
1310
1410
1500
1590
1690
1780

350
390
440
480
520
590
610
660
700
790
880
960
1050
1140
1220
1310
1400
1490
1580
1660

440
490
550
600
660
710
770
820
880
980
1090
1200
1310
1420
1530
1640
1750
1860
1970
2080

630
710
790
870
940
1020
1100
1180
1260
1420
1580
1730
1890
2050
2200
2360
2520
2680
2840
2990

690
780
860
950
1040
1120
1210
1290
1380
1550
1720
1900
2070
2240
2420
2590
2760
2930
3000
3000

780
880
970
1070
1170
1270
1370
1460
1560
1750
1950
2150
2340
2530
2730
2930
3000
3000
3000
3000

840
940
1050
1160
1260
1360
1470
1580
1680
1890
2100
2310
2520
2730
2940
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

900
1010
1120
1240
1350
1460
1580
1690
1800
2020
2250
2480
2700
2920
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

980
1100
1220
1340
1460
1580
1710
1830
1950
2190
2440
2680
2920
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1050
1180
1310
1440
1580
1710
1840
1970
2100
2360
2630
2890
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

1210
1360
1510
1660
1810
1960
2110
2260
2410
2700
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.8

127.30
141.10
156.84
172.56
188.24
203.88
219.50
235.09
250.64
281.65
312.54
343.30
373.93
402.54
432.93
463.19

800.2
798.8
797.2
795.6
794.0
792.4
790.8
789.2
787.6
784.4
781.2
778.0
774.8
771.8
768.6
765.4

280
320
350
390
420
460
490
530
560
630
700
770
840
910
980
1060

350
400
440
480
530
570
620
660
700
790
880
970
1050
1140
1230
1320

330
370
410
450
490
530
570
620
660
740
820
900
980
1070
1150
1230

410
460
510
560
620
670
720
770
820
920
1030
1130
1230
1330
1440
1540

590
660
740
810
890
960
1030
1110
1180
1330
1480
1630
1770
1920
2070
2220

650
730
810
890
970
1050
1130
1210
1290
1450
1620
1780
1940
2100
2260
2430

730
820
910
1010
1100
1190
1280
1370
1460
1640
1830
2010
2190
2380
2560
2740

790
890
980
1080
1180
1280
1380
1480
1580
1770
1970
2170
2360
2560
2760
2950

840
950
1050
1160
1270
1370
1480
1580
1690
1900
2110
2320
2530
2740
2950
3000

910
1030
1140
1260
1370
1480
1600
1710
1830
2050
2290
2520
2740
2970
3000
3000

980
1110
1230
1350
1480
1600
1720
1850
1970
2210
2460
2710
2950
3000
3000
3000

1130
1270
1410
1550
1690
1830
1970
2110
2250
2520
2800
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

Size

151

Wall thickness

OD
inch
mm

Sch. No.
(Class)

32
813.0

34
864.0
10

30
40

36
914.0
10

20
30
40

Unit

Hydrostatic test pressure


Values given in (psi). 1psi = 6.895MPa.

weight

ID

t
mm

kg/m

mm

A
Std.

Alt.

B
Std.

Alt.

X42

X46

X52

X56

X60

X65

X70

X80

25.4
27.0
28.6
30.2
31.8
6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.8
25.4
27.0
28.6
30.2
31.8
6.4
7.1
7.9
8.7
9.5
10.3
11.1
11.9
12.7
14.3
15.9
17.5
19.1
20.6
22.2
23.8
25.4
27.0
28.6
30.2
31.8

493.32
523.33
553.22
582.98
612.61
135.35
150.03
166.78
183.50
200.18
216.84
233.46
250.05
266.61
299.64
332.53
365.31
397.95
428.44
460.85
493.12
525.27
557.29
589.19
620.96
652.60
143.24
158.79
176.52
194.22
211.90
229.54
247.15
264.72
282.27
317.27
352.14
386.88
421.50
453.84
488.22
522.47
556.59
590.58
624.45
658.19
691.81

762.2
759.0
755.8
752.6
749.4
851.2
849.8
848.2
846.6
845.0
843.4
841.8
840.2
838.6
835.4
832.2
829.0
825.8
822.8
819.6
816.4
813.2
810.0
806.8
803.6
800.4
901.2
899.8
898.2
896.6
895.0
893.4
891.8
890.2
888.6
885.4
882.2
879.0
875.8
872.8
869.6
866.4
863.2
860.0
856.8
853.6
850.4

1120
1190
1270
1340
1410
260
300
330
360
400
430
460
500
530
600
660
730
790
860
930
990
1060
1120
1190
1260
1320
250
280
310
340
380
410
440
470
500
560
620
690
750
810
880
940
1000
1060
1130
1190
1250

1410
1490
1580
1670
1760
330
370
410
460
500
540
580
620
660
740
830
910
990
1070
1160
1240
1320
1410
1490
1570
1650
310
350
390
430
470
510
550
590
620
700
780
860
940
1020
1090
1170
1250
1330
1410
1480
1560

1310
1390
1480
1560
1640
310
350
390
420
460
500
540
580
620
690
770
850
930
1000
1080
1160
1240
1310
1390
1470
1540
290
330
360
400
440
470
510
550
580
660
730
800
880
950
1020
1090
1170
1240
1310
1390
1460

1640
1740
1850
1950
2050
390
430
480
530
580
630
680
720
770
870
970
1060
1160
1250
1350
1450
1540
1640
1740
1830
1930
360
410
450
500
550
590
640
680
730
820
910
1000
1090
1180
1280
1370
1460
1550
1640
1730
1820

2360
2510
2660
2810
2950
560
620
690
760
830
900
970
1040
1110
1250
1390
1530
1670
1810
1950
2090
2220
2360
2500
2640
2780
520
590
660
720
790
850
920
980
1050
1180
1310
1440
1580
1710
1840
1970
2100
2230
2360
2490
2630

2590
2750
2910
3000
3000
610
680
760
840
910
990
1070
1140
1220
1370
1520
1680
1830
1980
2130
2280
2440
2590
2740
2890
3000
580
650
720
790
860
930
1010
1080
1150
1290
1440
1580
1720
1870
2010
2160
2300
2440
2590
2730
2870

2920
3000
3000
3000
3000
690
770
860
950
1030
1120
1210
1290
1380
1550
1720
1890
2060
2240
2410
2580
2750
2920
3000
3000
3000
650
730
810
890
980
1060
1140
1220
1300
1460
1620
1790
1950
2110
2280
2440
2600
2760
2930
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
740
830
920
1020
1110
1200
1300
1390
1480
1670
1850
2040
2220
2410
2590
2780
2960
3000
3000
3000
3000
700
790
870
960
1050
1140
1230
1310
1400
1570
1750
1930
2100
2270
2450
2630
2800
2970
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
790
890
990
1090
1190
1290
1390
1490
1590
1790
1990
2190
2380
2580
2780
2980
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
750
840
940
1030
1120
1220
1310
1410
1500
1690
1880
2060
2250
2440
2620
2810
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
860
970
1070
1180
1290
1400
1510
1610
1720
1930
2150
2370
2580
2790
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
810
910
1010
1120
1220
1320
1420
1520
1620
1820
2030
2240
2440
2640
2840
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
930
1040
1160
1270
1390
1500
1620
1740
1850
2080
2320
2550
2780
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
880
980
1090
1200
1310
1420
1530
1640
1750
1970
2190
2410
2630
2840
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
1060
1190
1330
1460
1590
1720
1860
1990
2130
2380
2650
2910
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
1000
1120
1250
1380
1500
1620
1750
1880
2000
2250
2500
2750
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000

Table 33 API 5L and ASTM A53pipes: Section sizes

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

PIPES

152

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

STEEL SHEET PILES TO EN 10248 (1996)

153

Steel Sheet Piles to EN 10248 (1996)

General
The LX & Larssen (U-sections) profiles of steel sheet piling from British Steel are well
known to civil engineers throughout the world. Their usefulness and reliability in all
types of earth and water retaining structures have been proven on countless
occasions over many years. With the benefit of experience and research, the range
and efficiency of the sections has continually been improved.
A comprehensive range of section sizes is available, permitting the most economic
size to be made and a Frodingham straight web system is produced for construction of
cellular cofferdams.
The sheet piles can be used in river walls, ports and harbours, pumping stations,
bridge abutments, motorway widening retaining walls cut and cover tunnels,
underground car parks and for temporary works like supported excavations.
Pairing of the sections prior to delivery results in less handling and pitching operations
on site. LX & Larssen piles are normally supplied as singles, but can be supplied
interlocked in pairs if requested. If required, these sections can be supplied with the
interlocks welded together or crimped. The crimping process achieves a minimum of
80 kN per crimp and the pattern can be varied as required.
All piles are supplied with a 32 mm diameter slinging hole located 150mm from the top
end of the pile, unless otherwise agreed.

Product specifications
Mechanical properties
LX & Larssen and Frodingham steel sheet piling is currently supplied to EN
10248:1996, to the grades summarised in Table 34 below. Other grades can also be
delivered.
Designation EN 10027
Steel Name

Steel no.

Classification

Min. Yield

Min. Tensile

Min. Elongation on

EN10020

Strength ReH

Strength Rm

a gauge length of

1)

2)

2)

L0 = 5.65S0

N/mm2

N/mm2

EN 10248
S270GP

1.0023

BS

270

410

24

1.0083

BS

355

480

22

EN 10248
S355GP
Notes:

Grades S270GP and S355GP are similar to BS4360:1986 grades 43A and 50A respectively. Copper Bearing Steel
- all the grades are available with 0.20% up to 0.35% or over 0.35% up to 0.50% Copper content.
1) BS - Base Steel.
2) The values in the table apply to longitudinal test pieces for the tensile test.

Table 34 Steel Sheet Piles to EN 10248 (1996): Mechanical properties

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

STEEL SHEET PILES TO EN 10248 (1996)

154

Recommended working stresses for steel sheet piling


Detailed below are the recommended working stresses for steel sheet piling (based on
current European practice and BS 8002:1994). The figures are for guidance only and
may be changed by the Client'
s engineer in line with national design codes. Stresses
in temporary conditions, which occur during construction, may be varied at the
discretion of the client'
s engineer.
Class of work

EN 10248:1996

EN10248:1996

S270GP

S355GP

N/mm2

N/mm2

Permanent

180

230

Temporary

200

260

Table 35 Steel Sheet Piles to EN 10248 (1996): Recommended working stresses

Effective life
The effective life of unpainted or otherwise unprotected steel piling to EN 10027
grades S270GP and S355GP depend upon the combined effects of imposed stresses
and corrosion. Performance is clearly optimised with combinations of high stress and
low corrosion rate. Although other stress and corrosion combinations are less
favourable, good design can ensure acceptable lives. The use of grade S355GP steel
at grade S270GP stresses can also increase effective life. Copper-bearing steels are
marginally advantageous but only in atmospheric exposures.

Splices
Subject to recommendations on maximum lengths for driving, steel sheet piling is
generally available in lengths up to 30m. Where it is necessary to increase the pile
length during driving, splices can be used for which details are available on request.
Because of normal rolling tolerances there may be variations in the profile. Every effort
should be made to match pile ends before welding.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

STEEL SHEET PILES TO EN 10248 (1996)

155

LX & Larssen Sheet Piling


Dimensions and sectional properties
The LX & Larssen sections are available in a range of pile widths to suit local driving
conditions. The following section sizes are available:
d

y
Cy

2xh
y

y
y"

y"
Cy

f
2xb

Figure 13 LX & Larssen sheet piling: Dimensions


Section
b

(nom.)

(nom.)

LX8
LX12
LX16
LX20
LX25
LX32
6W
6(122kg)
6(131kg)
6(138,7kg)
GSP2
GSP3
GSP4

Flat of Pan Section


f
Area

t
(nom.)

of wall
2

Mass
of wall

Combined
moment of

Modulus
of Section

Inertia

Zy

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

cm /m

kg/m

kg/m2

cm4/m

cm3/m

600
600
600
600
600
600
525
420
420
420
400
400
400

310
310
380
430
450
450
212
440
440
440
200
250
340

8.2
9.7
10.5
12.5
15.6
21.5
7.8
22.0
25.4
28.6
10.5
13.0
15.5

8.0
8.2
9.0
9.0
9.2
9.8
6.4
14.0
14.0
14.0
8.6
8.6
9.7

250
386
365
330
330
328
331
248
251
251
265
271
259

116
136
157
177
200
242
108
370
397
421
153
191
242

54.6
63.9
74.1
83.2
94.0
113.9
44.7
122.0
131.0
138.7
48.0
60.0
76.0

91.0
106.4
123.5
138.6
156.7
189.8
85.1
290.5
311.8
330.2
120.0
150.0
190.0

12861
18723
31175
43478
56824
72028
6459
92452
102861
111450
8740
16759
38737

830
1208
1641
2022
2525
3201
610
4200
4675
5066
874
1340
2270

Table 36 LX & Larssen Sheet Piling: Section sizes and properties

Interlocking options
Some of the different sections can be interlocked with each other, see table below.
Section
LX 8
LX 12
LX 16
LX 20

LX 8

LX 12

LX 16

LX 25
LX 32
6W
6
GSP 2
GSP 3
GSP 4

LX 20

LX 25

LX 32

6W

GSP 2

Table 37 LX & Larssen Sheet Piling: Interlocking options

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

GSP 3

GSP 4

STEEL SHEET PILES TO EN 10248 (1996)

156

Dimensional tolerances
The dimensional tolerances to which LX & Larssen steel sheet piles are produced are
given in the following Table 38.
Width
Single

Thickness of Section

Weight

pile

piles

8.5mm

>8.5mm

+/- 2%

+/- 3%

+/- 0.5mm

+/- 6%

Squareness of cut
X-X axis

Straightness

+/- 5%

+/-200mm

Depth of Section (h)

Y-Y axis

% of width
2%

Length

Interlocked

2%

0.2% of length

h
200mm

h>200mm

+/- 4mm

+/- 5mm

Table 38 LX & Larssen Sheet Piling: Dimensional tolerances

Recommended maximum lengths for driving


The maximum length for each piling section depends upon the type of strata
encountered, penetration required and the type of construction for which the piling is to
be used. The following Table 39 is provided as a guide only. In hard driving conditions
it may be necessary to move up a section size to achieve the required penetration.
Alternatively Grade S355GP steel may be used.
Section

Approximate max.
length (metres)

Section

Approximate max.
length (metres)

Section

Approximate max.
length (metres)

LX8
LX12
LX16
LX20

14
17
20
23

LX25
LX32
6W
GSP2

25
28
9
19

GSP3
GSP4
6

23
27
30

Table 39 LX & Larssen Sheet Piling: Recommended maximum lengths for driving

LX & Larssen Box Piles


Box piles, formed of two or more sheet pile sections welded together, can be
conveniently introduced into a line of sheet piling at any point where local heavy loads
are applied. They can be used to resist vertical and horizontal forces and are generally
positioned in the pile wall so that its appearance is unaffected.
Box piles can also be used as individual units as bearing piles for foundations and in
open jetty and dolphin construction where, due to their large radius of gyration, long
laterally supported lengths are practicable. The drawing under shows a LX & Larssen
Box Pile.
Weld

Figure 14 LX & Larssen box pile

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

STEEL SHEET PILES TO EN 10248 (1996)

157

Frodingham Straight Web Sections


Dimensions and sectional properties
Straight web piling is used to construct cellular cofferdams, which are made up of a
series of interconnected cells. These structures are used when considerable depths of
water, or subsequently placed fill are to be retained, or when it is not possible to drive
far into the river bed, necessitating the need for a free standing gravity structure.
Typical uses are in dams to temporarily seal off dock entrances so that low level work
can be carried out in the dry, and in the construction of permanent walls for land
reclamation, quays, wharves and dolphins. The maximum length in which straight web
sections are supplied is usually 20m. Longer lengths can be supplied by prior
arrangement. Junction piles for the straight web sections are also available.
Thickness

Coupling
Effective height

Effective width
Full width

Figure 15 Frodingham Straight Web Sections: Dimensions


Size
Section

Mass

Effective Thickness
width

SW-1A

Min. Ultimate Strength of Interlock

Per linear

Per square

EN 10248:1996

EN 10248:1996

Metre of pile

metre of wall

S270GP

S355GP

mm

mm

kg

kg

MN/m

MN/m

413

12.7

63.8

154.5

2.85

3.84

Table 40 Frodingham Straight Web Sections: Section sizes

Dimensional tolerances
The dimensional tolerances to which Frodingham straight web piling is produced are
given in the following Table 41.
Width
Single

Thickness of Section

Weight

Length

Interlocked

Squareness of cut
X-X axis

pile

piles

8.5mm

>8.5mm

+/- 2%

+/- 3%

+/- 0.5mm

+/- 6%

Straightness

Y-Y axis

% of width
+/- 5%

+/- 200mm

2%

2%

0.2% of length

Table 41 Frodingham Straight Web Sections: Dimensional tolerances

The maximum length for straight web piles is usually 20 metres, but longer lengths can
be supplied.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

STEEL SHEET PILES TO EN 10248 (1996)

158

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

OTHER STEEL SHEET PILES

159

Other Steel Sheet Piles

PU Steel Sheet Piles


Mechanical properties

PU steel sheet piles can be supplied in grades up to a yield strength of 430 N/mm2.

Dimensions and sectional properties


The PU steel sheet piles are available in the following sizes:
d

y
Cy

2xh
y
y"

y
y"
Cy

f
2xb

Figure 16 PU Steel Sheet Piles: Dimensions


Flat of Thickness
Section
h
PU 6

per pile

pan

of

pan web

Cy

Cy

mm mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

Mm

113 600

330

7.5

6.4

68.9

23.0

per m wall
PU 8

per pile
per pile
per pile
per pile
per pile
per pile
per m wall

Iy

Iz

cm2

cm3

cm4

cm4

cm
4.73

45.3

57.7

146

1,290

23,900

75.0

96.0

600

6,720

8.36

232

2,360

30,062

5.82
10.02

81.5

27.2

54.5

69.5

91.0

116.0

830

11,610

180 600

257

9.8

9.0

100.4

33.5

65.9

84.0

366

4,450

34,937

7.28

110

140.0

1,200

21,550

12.41

190 600

303

12.0

9.0

115.8

38.6

200 600

365

12.4

9.7

125.3

41.8

226 600

339

14.2 10.0 142.1

47.4

per m wall
PU 32

kg/m

Zy

8.0

per m wall
PU 25

gyration

8.0

per m wall
PU 20

Radius of

Modulus

317

per m wall
PU 16

Moment
Of Inertia

area

140 600

per m wall
PU 12

Mass Section Section


per m

226 600

341

19.5 11.0 148.6

49.5

74.7

95.2

405

5,560

38,037

7.64

124

159.0

1600

30,520

13.87

84.7

107.9

480

7,080

46,021

8.1

141

180.0

2000

39,970

14.92

94.1

119.9

588

9,670

49,089

8.98

157

200.0

2,500

56,500

16.81

114.6

146.0

645

11,100

55,134

8.72

191

243.0

3,200

72,260

17.23

Table 42 PU Steel Sheet Piles: Section sizes

The PU sheet piles can be delivered in material according to British BS-standards,


American ASTM-standards, Euronorms, and Japanese JIS-standards.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

OTHER STEEL SHEET PILES

160

Interlocking options
Section
PU 6
PU 8
PU 12
PU 16
PU 20
PU 25
PU 32

PU 6

PU 8

PU 12

PU 16

PU 20

Interlocking possible

PU 25

PU 32

On request (require in advance indicating length of piles)


Table 43 PU Steel Sheet Piles: Interlocking options

Dimensional tolerances
Width

Thickness of Pan

single pile interlocked e


8mm 8<e
12
piles
2%
Notes:

3%

0.5mm 0.6mm

Weight

12<e
18

e>18mm

1)

0.8mm

1.2mm

4%

Length

200mm

Squareness

Straightness

of ends 2)

3)

10mm

0.2%

1) Of total mass of the complete order.


2) Of the distance between 2 points of the cross-section.
3) Maximum deflection on the length of the pile.

Table 44 PU Steel Sheet Piles: Dimensional tolerances

The maximum length for this U-type pile is usually between 25 to 31 metres, but longer
lengths can be supplied.

Handling holes and double piles


The piles can on request be delivered with flame cut handling holes, 50mm diametre,
located in the centre of the pan at 200-250 mm from the end.
Piles can also be fastened together to form double piles by pressing or welding the
interlocks. Two to six pressing points per meter can be applied according to design
requirements. A minimum shear force of 80 kN per one crimping point is admitted.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

OTHER STEEL SHEET PILES

161

KSP Steel Sheet Piles


Mechanical properties
KSP steel sheet piles are manufactured according to JIS 5528 Hot Rolled Steel Sheet
Piles (1988).
Designation

Min. Yield

Min. Tensile

JIS A 5528

Strength ReH

Strength Rm

Min. Elongation

Steel Name

N/mm2

N/mm2

SY295

295

490

17

SY390

390

540

15

Table 45 KSP Steel Sheet Piles: Mechanical properties

Dimensions and sectional properties


The KSP steel sheet piles are available in the sizes shown in Table 46 under. Note the
three new sizes KSP IIW , KSP IIIW and KSP IVW , which are extra wide sections.
Coupling
Thickness

Effective height

Full height

Coupling

Effective width
Full width

Figure 17 KSP Steel Sheet Piles: Dimensions


Section

Dimensions

Section

Unit weight

Moment of

Modulus of

width

height

thickness

A/m

M/m

I/m

Zy

Zy/m

mm

mm

mm

cm2

cm2/m

kg/m

kg/m2

cm4

cm4/m

cm3

cm3/m

Area

Inertia

section

KSP IA

400

85

8.0

45.21

113.0

35.5

88.8

598

4,500

88

529

KSP II

400

100

10.5

61.18

153.0

48.0

120

1,240

8,740

152

874

KSP IIA

400

120

9.2

55.01

137.5

43.2

108

1,450

10,600

162

880

KSP III

400

130

13.0

76.42

191.0

60.0

150

2,320

17,400

232

1,340

KSP IIIA

400

150

13.1

74.40

186.0

58.4

146

2,840

22,800

253

1,520

KSP IV

400

170

15.5

96.99

242.5

76.1

190

4,670

38,600

362

2,270

KSP IVA

400

185

16.1

94.21

235.5

74.0

185

5,300

41,600

400

2,250

KSP VL

500

200

24.3

133.8

267.6

105

210

7,960

63,000

520

3,150

KSP VIL

500

225

27.6

153.0

306.0

120

240

11,400

86,000

680

3,820

KSP IIW

600

130

10.3

78.70

131.2

61.8

103

2,110

13,000

203

1,000

KSP IIIW

600

180

13.4

103.9

173.2

81.6

136

5,220

32,400

376

1,800

KSP IVW

600

210

18.0

135.3

225.5

106

177

8,630

56,700

539

2,700

Note:

The sizes are also available in FSP sheet piles.


Sectional properties given per single pile, and per linear metre wall.

Table 46 KSP Steel Sheet Piles: Section sizes and properties

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

OTHER STEEL SHEET PILES

162

Interlocking options
The sections can be interlocked with each other as shown in Table 47.
Section

KSP IA

KSP
II

KSP IA
KSP II
KSP IIA
KSP III

KSP
IIA

KSP
III

KSP IIIA

KSP IV
KSP IVA

KSP
IIIA

KSP
IV

KSP VL
KSP VIL

KSP IIW
KSP IIIW

KSP IVW

KSP
IVA

KSP
VL

KSP
VIL

KSP
IIW

KSP
IIIW

KSP
IVW

Table 47 KSP Steel Sheet Piles: Interlocking options

The sheet piles can also be welded together to form box piles, as shown in section
Other section types under the chapter Steel sheet piles according to EN
10248:1996.

Dimensional tolerances
Full width
Traditional
Single pile
W x 1%

Full

Length

height
4%
Notes:

Effective width

Wider width
Single pile

Traditional
Single pile

Wider width
Single pile

Thickness of Section
<10mm

10mm
<16mm

16mm

+ 6mm

Per meter wall width:

+ 1.0mm

+ 1.2mm

+ 1.5mm

- 5mm

Max 4mm deviation.

- 0.3mm

- 0.3mm

- 0.3mm

Deflection

Camber of full length

of full length
- 0mm

Difference in
vertically

L
10m

L>10m

L
10m

L>10m

cut sections

L x 0.12%

L x 0.10%

L x 0.25%
max.

L x 0.20%

Within 4% of width

+ 25mm max.

The deflection shall be in the direction parallel to the sheet pile wall and the camber shall be in
the direction vertical to the sheet pile wall.

Table 48 KSP Steel Sheet Piles: Dimensional tolerances

Recommended maximum lengths for driving


The recommended driving length for KSP steel sheet piles is maximum 30metres.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

OTHER STEEL SHEET PILES

163

KSP Straight Web Sections


Mechanical properties
KSP straight web sections are manufactured according to JIS 5528 Hot Rolled Steel
Sheet Piles (1988).
Designation

Min. Yield

Min. Tensile

JIS A 5528

Strength ReH

Strength Rm

Min. Elongation

Steel Name

N/mm2

N/mm2

SY295

295

490

17

SY390

390

540

15

Table 49 KSP Straight Web Sections: Mechanical properties

Dimensions and sectional properties


The KSP straight web sections are available in the following sizes:
Thickness

Coupling
Effective height

Effective width
Full width

Figure 18 KSP Straight Web Sections: Dimensions


Section

Dimensions

Section

Unit weight

area

Moment of Inertia

Per wall

Modulus of section

Per wall

Per wall

width

height

thickness

Per pile

Per pile

width

Per pile

width

Per pile

width

mm

mm

mm

cm2

kg/m

kg/m2

cm4

cm4/m

cm3

cm3/m

KSP FL

500

44.5

9.5

78.57

61.7

123

184

396

45.7

89

KSP FXL

500

47.0

12.7

98.36

77.2

154

245

570

60.3

121

Table 50 KSP Straight Web Sections: Section sizes and properties

Standard

Section

Interlocking strength

specification

size

MN/m

JIS A 5528

KSP FL

SY295

KSP FXL

Table 51 KSP Straight Web Sections: Interlocking strength

The two sections can be interlocked with each other.

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

OTHER STEEL SHEET PILES

164

Dimensional tolerances
Full width

Full

Single

height

Thickness of Section
10mm

<10mm

pile

Length

16mm

<16mm

4mm

+ 1.5mm

+ 1.5mm

- 0.7mm

- 0.7mm

Deflection

+ not specified
- 0 mm

Camber of full length

of full length

Difference in
vertically

L
10m

L>10m

L
10m

L>10m

cut sections

L x 0.15%
max.

(L-10m) x 0.10%

L x 0.20%
max.

(L-10m) x 0.10%

Within 4% of width

Notes:

+ 15mm max.

+ 20mm max.

The deflection shall be in the direction parallel to the sheet pile wall and the
camber shall be in the direction vertical to the sheet pile wall.

Table 52 KSP Straight Web Sections: Dimensional tolerances

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

GRATINGS

165

Gratings

General
Process
Steel gratings are manufactured
using a simultaneous application of
heat and pressure on the load bar
and cross bar at their intersection
points, welding them together.

Applications
Stairways, walkways, catwalks, pedestrian
ramp, machine access platform, etc.

Sizes
Panel Size

Serial Size

Mass

Pitch

ft

inch

kg/m2

mm

3 x 20

1 x 3/16

28.4

11/4x 3/16

35.4

11/2 x 3/16

43.2

2 x 3/16

53

Type

twisted / straight

40 x 100

cross / round bar

Table 53 Gratings: Sizes

Cross Bars

40
(pitch)

Width

Bearing Bars

100
(pitch)
Length

Figure 19 Gratings: Dimensions

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

GRATINGS

166

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

APPENDIX

167

Appendix

Conversion factors
Note:

The small sub numerals following a zero indicates that the zero is to be repeated that number
of times, thus 0.034 = 0.0004.

Linear measure
Millimetre

Centimetre

Metre

Inch

Foot

Yard

mm

cm

in

ft

yd

Millimetre (mm)
Centimetre (cm)
Metre (m)

0.1

0.001

10

0.01

1000

100

25.4

Inch (in)

2.54

mi

0.03937

0.00328

0.00109

0.066214

0.3937

0.03280

0.01093

0.056214

3.28083

1.0936

0.036214

0.0833

0.02778

0.041578

39.37

0.0254

Mile

Foot (ft)

304.8

30.48

0.3048

12

0.3333

0.031894

Yard (yd)

914.4

91.44

0.9144

36

0.035682

63,360

5,280

1,760

1,609,347

Mile (mi)

Square measure

160,935

1,609.35

Square

Square

Square

Square

Square

Square

Square

millimetre

centimetre

metre

inch

foot

yard

miles

mm2

cm2

m2

in2

ft2

yd2

mi2

Square millimetre (mm )

0.01

0.051

0.00155

0.0410764

0.05119599

Square centimetre (cm2)

100

0.0001

0.154999

0.0010764

0.03119599

0.010386

1,000,000

10,000

1.19599

0.06386

Square metre (m2)


2

645.16

Square inch (in )


2

Square foot (ft )


Square yard (yd2)

929

836,127

8,361

2.59*1012 25.9*109

Cubic measure

0.0929

144

0.8361

1,296

2.59*106

4.014*109

0.006944

0.037616

0.09249

0.11111

0.073587

0.063229

3.098*106

27.878*106

Cubic

Cubic

Cubic

Cubic

metre

inch

foot

yard

Cubic centimetre (cm )

1,000,000

Cubic inch (in3)


Cubic yard (yd3)

0.036452

10.7639

Cubic
cm

Cubic foot (ft3)

1,549.99

centimetre
3

6.452

92,903

Square miles (mi2)

Cubic metre (m )

16.39
28,317
764,500

in

0.051

ft

0.06102

61,023

0.043531
35.31

yd

0.051308
1.308

0.041639

0.035787

0.042143

0.028317

1,728

0.03704

46,660

27

0.7645

Weight measure
Kilogram

Pound

Net ton

Gross ton

Metric ton

kg

lb

nt

gt

Kilogram (kg)

2.20462

0.001102

0.039842

0.001

Pound (lb)

0.45359

0.0005

0.034464

0.034536

2,000

0.89286

0.90719

Net ton (nt)

907.185

Gross ton (gt)

1,016.05

2,240

1.12

1.01605

Metric ton (t)

1,000

2,204.62

1.10231

0.98421

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

0.012386

APPENDIX

168

Weight per linear unit

Gram per

Kilogram per

Pound per

Pound per

centimetre

metre

inch

foot

yard

g/cm

kg/m

lb/in

lb/ft

lb/yd

Gram per centimetre (g/cm)

10

Kilogram per metre (kg/m)

178.579

Pound per inch (lb/in)

4.96054

Pound per yard (lb/yd)

Weight per unit area

0.1

0.0056

0.0672

0.20165

0.056

0.67197

2.0165

17.8579

14.8816

Pound per foot (lb/ft)

12

36

1.48816

1
0.08333

0.49605

0.02778

0.3333

Kilogram per

Kilogram per

Metric ton per

Pound per

Pound per

square
centimetre

square metre

square metre

square inch

square foot

kg/cm2

kg/m2

t/m2

lb/in2

lb/ft2

Kilogram per square centimetre


(kg/cm2)

Kilogram per square metre (kg/m2)

0.0001

Metric ton per square metre (t/m2)

0.1

Pound per square inch (lb/in2)

0.0703022

Pound per square foot (lb/ft2)

0.000487

Weight per unit volume

10,000

10

1
1,000
703.02232
4.8717976

0.0014219

1.42195

204.75849

0.204758

0.7030

144

0.004872

0.006944

Metric ton per

Pound per

Pound per

cubic metre

cubic metre

cubic inch

cubic foot

kg/cm3

kg/m3

t/m3

lb/in3

lb/ft3

0.051

Metric ton per cubic metre (t/m3)

0.001

1,000

1,000,000

0.02768

0.001

Kilogram per

Kilopounds

1,000

27,680.4

0.0416

Pound per cubic foot (lb/ft )

2047.58498

cubic
centimetre

Kilogram per cubic metre (kg/m3)


Pound per cubic inch (lb/in3)

14.21945

Kilogram per

Kilogram per cubic centimetre (kg/cm )

Tension, pressure

Pound per

62,419

0.0436117

0.0361175

27.6804

16.0196

0.01602

1,728.011

0.0005787

Atmospheric

Atmospheric

square foot

square inch

pressure

pressure

Pressure

ksi

psf

psi

bar

atm

(MPa)

Pounds per square foot (psf)

0.07694

1,441,379.3
1

Pounds per

0.062419
62.41857

/square inch
Kilopounds per square inch (ksi)

Pounds per

36.1193

0.001

1,000
0.000694

Pounds per square inch (psi)

0.001

1,441.38

Atmospheric pressure (bar)

0.0145

2,088.5

14.5

Atmospheric pressure (atm)

0.0147

Pressure (MPa)

0.145

2,116.22
20,886

14.69
145

CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD

68.96
0.0004788

68.062
0.000473

6.896
0.04479

0.06896

0.0681

0.006896

0.987

0.10

1.0133
10

0.10133

9.869