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mathematics for OPENMAT MAT CAT

GMAT

AFTERSCHO☻OL
– DEVELOPING CHANGE MAKERS
CENTRE FOR SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP
PGPSE PROGRAMME –
World’ Most Comprehensive programme in social
entrepreneurship & spiritual entrepreneurship
OPEN FOR ALL FREE FOR ALL

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's
AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL
MATERIAL 1
FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
mathematics for OPENMAT MAT CAT
GMAT

Dr. T.K. Jain.

AFTERSCHO☺OL
Centre for social entrepreneurship
Bikaner M: 9414430763
tkjainbkn@yahoo.co.in
www.afterschool.tk, www.afterschoool.tk

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's
AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL
MATERIAL 2
FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
When 242 is divided by a certain divisor the
remainder obtained is 8. When 698 is divided
by the same divisor the remainder obtained is
9. However, when the sum of the two numbers
242 and 698 is divided by the divisor, the
remainder obtained is 4. What is the value of
the divisor?

• 242 – 8 = 234, 698 – 9 = 689


• Now let us find HCF of 234 & 689.
• HCF is 13. when 940 (sum of 242 and 698) is
divided by this, we get 4 as remainder. this is the
answer.
www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 3
FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
What is the minimum number of square
marbles required to tile a floor of length 5
metres 78 cm and width 3 metres 74 cm?

• Let us convert the area into CM.


• 578 and 374 CMs. Now find HCF of these
two numbers.
• HCF is : 34 cm. (one side of tile)
• Now let us divide the area of floor by the
area of tile: (578*374) / (34 * 34)
• =187 answer.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 4


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
A person starts multiplying consecutive
positive integers from 20. How many numbers
should he multiply before he will have result
that will end with 3 zeroes?

• Start from 20, multiply next numbers,


• We get 20*21*22*23 so on.
• We get 3 zeroes by 30.
• Thus we use 11 numbers.
• We get first zero from 20, second from 25 and
third from 30.
www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 5
FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 6
FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
What least value must be assigned to * so that
the number 197*5462 is divisible by 9?

• (1) 0
• (2) 3
• (3) 2
• (4) 1

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 7


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
SOLUTION…

• Add up all the digits, we find 34, thus in


order to make it 36 (which is divisible by 9,
we need a number 2), thus correct option
is 3.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 8


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Find the largest number of four digits exactly
divisible by 12, 15, 18 and 27.

• (1) 9999
• (2) 9720
• (3) 9901
• (4) 9980
• Solution..
• (2)

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 9


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
• Ascending means from small to big
• If we ignore the negative sign, the biggest
number is 7/10, followed by 2/3 and 5/8.
thus this will be the final answer in
ascending order. Thus the sequence is :
• -7/10, -2/3 and -5/8 answer.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 10


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Find the two missing figures in order indicated
by x and y in the given equation, the
fractions being in their lowest terms--

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 11


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 12


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
A ‘car owner buys petrol at Rs. 7.50, Rs. 8 and
Rs. 8.50 per litre for three successive years
What approximately is the average cost per
litre of petrol if he spends Rs 4,000 each year?

• Let us take LCM of 7.5, 8, 8.5 we get : 510


• Let us assume that we have used Rs. 510 each
year. Thus in the first year, we have used 8.5*8
liters and in the last year, we have used 7.5 *8
liters and in the second year we have used
7.5*8.5 liters. Thus the average cost per liter is :
(3 *510)/191.75 = 7.97 answer.
www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 13
FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
If the sum of two numbers is 22 and the sum of
their squares is 404 then the product of
numbers is

• (1) 40
• (2)44
• (3) 80
• (4) 88

• Solution:
• (1) 20 * 2

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 14


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Sunil’s age after six years will be three
seventh of his father’s age Ten years ago
the ratio of their ages was 1: 5. What is
Sunil’s father’s age at present ?

• (1) 40 years
• •(2) 45years
• (3) 50 years
• (4) 55 years

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 15


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

• Let us assume Sunil’s age 10 year ago = x


• Father’s age 10 year ago = 5x
• After six years : (X+16) / (5x+16) = 3/7
• 7x + 112 = 15x + 48
• -8x = - 64
• X=8
• Present age of his father : 10 + (8*5) =50
• Answer : 50 years.
www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 16
FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Value of n?

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 17


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

• N = 2, gives the answer.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 18


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
A man buys eggs at 2 for Re. 1, and an equal
number at 3 for Rs. 2 and sells the whole at 5
for Rs 3 His gain or loss percent is

• Let us assume that he purchased 30 eggs


at each price :
On first : his cost is : 15
On second his cost : Rs. 20
His total cost : 35
He will sell them at : 36.
His gain is Rs. 1 on investment of Rs. 35
Gain is : 1/35 *100 = 2.85% answer.
www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 19
FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
In an examination, 35% of the total students
failed in Hindi, 45% failed in English and 20% in
both. Find the percentage of those who passed
in both the subjects.

• Total failed : .45+.35 – (.2)


• = .6
• Thus 40% passed in both the subjects.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 20


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
The ratio of the income of A and B is
5 : 4 and the ratio of their expenditure
is 3 : 2. If at the end of the year each
saves Rs. 1,600 then the income of A is

• (1) Rs. 3,400


• (2) Rs. 3,600
• (3) Rs. 4,000
• (4) Rs 4,400

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 21


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution..

• 5x – 3y = 1600
• 4x – 2y = 1600
(multiply the first by 4 and second by 5)
20x – 12y = 6400
20x -10y = 8000
We get -2Y = - 1600 or Y = 800
X = 800. Thus income of A is 4000. answer.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 22


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
A and B invest in a business in the ratio 3 : 2. If
5% of the total profit goes to charity and A’s
share is Rs. 855, the total profit is

• (1) Rs. 1,425


• (2) Rs. 1,500
• (3) Rs. ‘1,537
• (4) Rs. 1,576

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 23


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

• Total profit of A and B


• 855 * (3+2) / 3 = 1425 this is 95% of total
income.
• Thus total income is 1425*100/95
• =1500 answer.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 24


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Four years ago the father’s age was three times
the age of his son. The total of the ages of the
father and the son after four years will be 64
years. What is the father’s age at
present?

• (1) 32 years
• (2) 36 years
• (3) 44 years
• (4) None of the above

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 25


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

• Age of son 4 years ago = x


• Age of father 4 years ago = 3x
• (x+8) + (3x+8) = 64
• 4x + 16 = 64
• X = 48/4 = 12
• Thus the age of father at present is
4+(12*3)
• = 40 years. Answer.
www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 26
FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
If 80 lamps can be lighted 5 hours per
day for 10 days for Rs. 21 then the
number of lamps which can be lighted
4 hours daily for 30 days for Rs. 76 is

• (1) 100
• (2) 120
• (3) 150
• (4) 160

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 27


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

• 80 * (76/21) * ((5*10 ) / (4*30))


• = 120 approx. answer.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 28


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
A does half as much work as B in three-fourths
of the time. If together they take 18 days to
complete the work, how much time shall B take
to do it ?

• (1) 30 days
• (2) 35 days
• (3) 40 days
• (4) 45 days

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 29


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

• Let us assume B takes X days.


• A takes .75X to complete .5 work or 1.5X days to
complete the entire work.
• 1/X + 1/1.5X = 1/18
• (2.5 / 1.5x) = 1/18
• 1.5x = 45
• X = 30
• Thus B will take 30 days to complete the work.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 30


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 6 hours
and 4 hours respectively. If they are opened on
alternate hours and if pipe A is opened first, in
how many hours shall the tank be full?

• (1) 4 hours (2) 4 hours


• (3) 4.5 hours
• (4) 5.5 hours

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 31


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

• 1/6 + ¼ = (10/24) or 2.4 hours.


• Thus it will be approx. 4 + hours.
• First 4 hours will be filled by A and B each,
which will give 2/6 + 2/4 = 20/24
• Now A will fill the remaining 4/24, which
will take A exact one hour.
• Thus it will take 5 hours complete to fill the
tank. Answer.
www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 32
FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
If a train runs at 40 kmph, it reaches its
destination 11 minutes late, but if it runs at
50 kmph it is late by 5 minutes only. The
correct time for the train to complete the
journey is

• (1) 13 minutes (2) 15 minutes


• (3) 19 minutes (4) 21 minutes

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 33


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

• Let us assume the distance = X


• X/40 – X/50 = 6/60
• 10x / 2000 = 1/10
• 100x = 2000 or X = 20
• 20/40 gives 1/2 hours or 30 minutes,
which is 11 minutes late, so correct time is
: 30 -11 = 19 minutes answer.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 34


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
The length of a train and that of a platform are
equal. If, with a speed of 90 kmlhr, the train
crosses the platform in one minute, then the
length of the train (in metres) is

• (1) 500
• (2) 600
• (3) 750
• (4) 900

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 35


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

• In one minute the distance covered by the


train is :
• 90 * 1/60 = 1.5 KM.
• This is length of train + length of platform.
• (both are equal).
• Thus the length of platform / length of train
is 750 meters. Answer.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 36


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
A vessel is filled with liquid, 3 parts of
which are water and 5 parts syrup. How
much of the mixture must be drawn off
and replaced with water so that mixture
may be half water and half syrup ?

(1).5
• (2).3
• (3)1/7
• (4) .2

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 37


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

• Let us assume that • Solution: 8/5 * 1 = 1.6


total mixture is 8 • Thus we will draw out
liters. Now we have to 1.6 liters of mixture
have 4 liters of water and add this much of
and syrup each. water and then both
• Thus 1 liter of syrup the quantities will be
has to be taken out. equal.
In order to draw 1 liter • 1.6/8 or .2 is the right
syrup, we have to use answer so answer is
this formula : (4) option.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 38


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
The interest on a certain deposit at 4.5% p.a.
is Rs. 202.50 in one year. How much will
the additional interest in one year be on the,
same deposit at 5% p.a. ?

• (1) Rs. 20.25


• (2) Rs. 22.50
• (3) Rs.25
• (4) Rs. 42.15

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 39


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution

• We want additional interest of .5, which is


1/9 of the existing interest, so divide
interest amount of Rs. 202.5 by 9, we get
22.5 of additional interest.
• Correct answer : (2)

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 40


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
In a l00 m race A beats B by 10 m and C by
l3 m. In a race of l80 rn B will beat C by

• (1) 5.4 m.
• (2) 45m
• (3) 5m
• (4) 6m

• Answer :
• (1)

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 41


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
What was the day of the week on 1 January
2009?

• (1) Friday
• (2) Saturday
• (3) Thursday
• (4) Monday
• Answer :
• Thursday

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 42


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
How many times are the hands of a clock at
right angles in a day?

• (1) 22
• (2) 24
• (3) 44
• (4) 48
• Solution
• (2)

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 43


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
The surface area of a cube is 600 cm The
length of its diagonal is?
• (1) 10/ sqrt (3) cm
• (2) 10/ sqrt(2) cm
• (3) 10 * sqrt(2) cm
• (4) 10 * sqrt(3) cm

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 44


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solution…

• Solution:
• one side of cube is 10, so diagonal is 10 *
sqrt(3). Answer : (4)

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 45


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
About AFTERSCHO☺OL

• PGPSE - World’s most comprehensive


programme on social entrepreneurship –
after class 12th
• Flexible – fast changing to meet the
requirements
• Admission open throughout the year
• Complete support from beginning to the
end – from idea generation to making the
project viable.
www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 46
FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Branches of AFTERSCHO☺OL

• PGPSE programme is open all over the


world as free online programme.
• Those who complete PSPSE have the
freedom to start branches of
AFTERSCHO☺OL
• A few branches have already started -
one such branch is at KOTA (Rajasthan).

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 47


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Workshop on social entrepreneurship

• We conduct workshop on social


entrepreneurship – all over India and out
of India also - in school, college, club,
association or any such place - just send
us a call and we will come to conduct the
workshop on social entrepreeurship.
• These workshops are great moments of
learning, sharing, and commitments.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 48


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
FREE ONLINE PROGRAMME

• AFTERSCHO☺OL is absolutely free


programme available online – any person can
join it. The programme has four components :
• 1. case studies – writing and analysing – using
latest tools of management
• 2. articles / reports writing & presentation of
them in conferences / seminars
• 3. Study material / books / ebooks / audio / audio
visual material to support the study
• 4. business plan preparation and presentations
of those plans in conferences / seminars

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 49


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
100% placement / entrepreneurship

• AFTERSCHO☺OL has the record of


100% placement / entrepreneurship till
date
• Be assured of a bright career – if you join
AFTERSCHO☺OL

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 50


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Pursue professional courses along with
PGPSE

• AFTERSCHO☺OL permits you to pursue


distance education based professional /
vocational courses and gives you support
for that also. Many students are doing
CA / CS/ ICWA / CMA / FRM / CFP / CFA
and other courses along with PGPSE.
• Come and join AFTERSCHO☺OL

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL 51


FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS