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History Of Manga

What is Manga?
The term manga is a Japanese word referring both to comics and cartooning. Manga
are conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19
th
century.
In Japan, people of all ages read manga. The medium includes works in a broad range of
genres: action-adventure, romance, sports and games, historical drama, comedy,
science fiction and fantasy, mystery, suspense, detective, horror, sexuality and
business, among others.
Manga stories are typically printed in black and white, although some full-color manga
exist.
In Japan, manga are usually serialized in large manga magazines, often containing many
stories, each presented in a single episode to be continued in the next issue. If the series
is successful, collected chapters maybe republished in paperback books.
A manga artist typically works with a few assistants in a small studio and is assoiciated
with a creative editor from a commercial publishing company. If a manga series is
popular enough, it may be animated after or even during its run.
They have a long and complex pre-history in earlier Japanese art.
History Of Manga
Writers on manga history have described two broadprocesses shaping manga.
One view emphasizes)event occurring during and after the US Occupation of
Japan, and stresses US cultural influences, including US comics and images and themes
from US television, film, and cartoons.
Alternately, other writers stress continuity of Japanese cultural and aesthetic
tradisions, including pre-war, Meiji, and pre-Meiji culture and art.
Regardless of its source, an explosion of artistic creativity certainly occurred in the post-
war period, involving manga artists such as Osamu Tezuka and Machiko Hasegawa. They
both made stylisctic innovations.
Astro boy by Tezuka quickly became immensely popular in Japan and elsewhere as an
icon and hero of a new world of peace. By contrast, Sazae-san by Hasegawa faces the
world with cheerful resilience, what Hayao Kawai calls a Women of Endurance
Between year 1950 and 1969, an increasingly large readership for manga emerged in
Japan with solidification of its two main marketing genres, shonen manga aimed at
boys and shojo manga aimed at girls.
Modern shojo manga romance features love as a major theme set into emotionally
intense narratives of self-realization. Yet, manga for male reader sub-divides according
to the age of its intend readership. Example, shonen manga for boys up to 18 years old
and seinen manga are for the young men 18-30years old. There are also manga for the
adult called seijin.