Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 138

PowerMILL 4.

By Delcam plc

, ,
.
,
,

.

:
,

Delcam plc.

1996-2003 Delcam plc


2003 Delcam plc.

Delcam plc
,

,
.


.
. 2002.
2003.
E-mail: pav@delcam-ural.ru
avv@delcam-ural.ru

PowerMILL4.5

1. .............................................................................................
2. .....................................................................
3.
4. ...................................................................
5. 3+2 ............................................................
6. 3+2 - ..
7. 5- .......................................................................
8. ........................................
9. ...
10. .
11. ..................................................
12. .
13. 5- .............................................
14. .
15. 4-
16. ..............................................
17. 3-
18. ....
19. ..
20. PowerSHAPE 5-

21.5-
22. ...

PowerMILL4.5


.
, " ".
" " Sales Partners
( ) ,
.
,
5 :
;
(
);
/ ;


.
( ),
,
.
.

5axis_with_holes.dgk.
.

PowerMILL4.5


, 35
Y,
:


. ,
:

. ,
, .

,
.
,


.



.
,
.

PowerMILL4.5



. .
.
. .

(Vertical)
Z
.
/
(Lead/Lean)


Z
.
Z.


.

(Lead Angle)

.

. 0
.

PowerMILL4.5

(Lean Angle)

. 0
.

(Towards a Point)
,

. ,

(),

.
(From a Point)
,

. ,

(),
.
(Towards a Line)
,
.

,
,
.
(From a Line) -
,
.

,
.

PowerMILL4.5



.

,

, .
,
0 30.
( ).
,

/ (
).

PowerMill4.5

5-


.
5-
,
.

/:

,
, ,

.


.


.

PowerMILL4.5

5
:
.
.

,
,
,
.

Skim Distance Plunge Distance

.

..


:
,
Z.
,
.

.
.
Z

..

PowerMill4.5

PowerMILL4.5

3 + 2
3plus2b.dgk, (
).

. ,
,
3- ( Z).
,
, (
, ..
, ).
.
DATUM.
X0 Y140 Z250.
Z 200 180.
,
.

( ).
1

PowerMILL4.5


, .
NC .
NC- 3+2_machining.
NC-.

NC-
.

NC 3+2 machining
.
DATUM, ..
.
MazakV630F640M-NDC4.opt.

PowerMILL4.5

.
,
( ).
G01 X6.233 Y1.12 A-60.0 C150.0 F3000.0
.
.
.
.
X127.932 Y-109.712 Z-21.946 A-60.0 C270.0 F3000.0
.
.
.
.
X157.942 Y-135.678 Z-26.961 A-60.0 C390.0 F3000.0

:
.

3+2
PowerMILL 2D ,
.
.
3 + 2 ,
Workplane, .

drill5ax_ex1
five_axis/drill_5axis.

Y
( ).


2D . 2D
Workplane.
Workplanes ,
Max Min Z .
Z,
.

2D
.

( Z, Z


),
Z.
, Min Z -200 Max X 500 (
).


2D PowerMILL.
.


2D .
Workplane, Z
2D ( ).

2D -1 Workplane -1 ,
, 2D
.



.
. ,
(
).

8.00.

,
8.00 ,
. ,
.
/
SHIFT Ctrl .
(All Holes)
.

, 8
Drill8.
- drill8 form
using Single Peck to Full Depth.
drill8_h1 ,

.

PowerMILL4.5

5-
5- - Preview,
.
1.
.
2. :
Preview MultiAxis_Drilling On
Edit FeatureCreate MultAx On
Edit Drill MultAx On
3. .
4. 1 .

5. .
1

PowerMILL4.5

6. PowerMILL 2D
.

\
7.

PowerMILL4.5

8. .
9.
.
10. .
11.
, - .

12. , .

13. .

PowerMILL4.5

( ).
.

,
Preview
:
Preview MultiAxis_Drilling Off
Edit FeatureCreate MultAx Off
Edit Drill MultAx Off
4

PowerMILL4.5


5-
.


.
,
.

. ,
, PowerMILL .

,
, , .

U V
.
, ..
.

PowerMILL4.5

(Surface Units) -
:
(Distance)
,
.
(Parametric)
0 1, ..
2

PowerMILL4.5


, .
(Projection direction)
:
(Inwards)
(Outwards)

(Pattern)

(Pattern Direction)
(U
V ).
(One way)

.
(Pattern Limits)
,
(Start) (End),
.
.

1. .
2. blade1.dgk.
3. .
4. 10.
4.
0.
5. .
3

PowerMILL4.5

6.

.

7.
-
. :

5
- U

.

PowerMILL4.5

8. .
:

9. ,
-

- .

PowerMILL4.5

.
. :
;
;
;
:
.. 20;
. 15;
, .

.

. 1.
.
:
;
1,0;
/ 0/90;
: .. - 55
. - 50
( , );
. .
.


Example7\blades.dgk

,
.
6.


.
63 .

, Fin1_Outside,
.

62 1
.
.
.
Fin1_Outside

/ -85 .

5 .
, , ,
.

. :
=
:
3
12

This type of retraction will follow the shape of the toolpath, gradually ramping away in the
direction of the tool axis.

Alternatively, although it was not possible to define Two Way machining when the toolpath was
created, it is now possible to edit the toolpath by reversing every alternate segment.

( )

PowerMILL

FIVE AXIS

Tool Movement Control between Cutterpaths


5-Axis movement is normally limited to within a specific angular range dependant on the
machine tool type. A toolpath may be created to operate within this range, but a subsequent
move to a new toolpath or toolchange position may cause an off limit movement. To avoid
this situation several options are available to the user:1. Insertion of Workplanes between toolpaths in the ncprogram list. A Workplane in
the ncprogram list can also be defined as a Toolchange Point if required.

2. Insertion of a Pattern machining operation, defined in 3d space as an intermediate


tool move.

3. Limiting of movement in the Start Point form


Point Safe Z.

Issue PMILL 5

by use of First Point or First

PowerMILL4.5


(Swarf Cutting)

(
),

.
PowerMILL
.
, ,


90.

,
, ,

.
.

(. ).
( )
, ..
() 0.
,
,

.
, .. ,
PowerMILL ,
.
,
.

.

, .. PowerMILL
,
.
1

PowerMILL4.5

.


, .

PowerMILL4.5

(Drive curve)

(Surface Side)
, .
:
(Inside) .
(Outside) .
(Radial Offset)
,
, .
.
(Arc Radius) ,
, ,
.
.
(Minimum Fanning distance)
, PowerMILL
,
.

(Lower Limit) -
,
:

(Base Position)

( ).
:
(Automatic)
,
().
, .
(Top)
.
(Bottom)
.

PowerMILL4.5

(Axial Offset)

.

(Gouge
Avoidance)

(Gouge check)
/ .
- .
(Strategy)
,
.
:
(Lift)

.
(Trace)
. (Gouge
check) ,
cad .
, , ..

.
(Upper Limit)
/
.

(Multiple Cuts)

.

(Mode)


.
.
merge/,

, .

PowerMILL4.5


,

. .

,
, ..
.
.

, :
1. verife_model.dgk.
2. .
3. 8.
4. , .
5.
.
.
5

PowerMILL4.5

.
.
: - ,
. ..
( 2,
3).

.
,
.

PowerMILL4.5

.

( - ,
1 ;
).

PowerMILL4.5


. ,

.
.

.
. :


( ).
... 55
. 50.
.

PowerMILL4.5




- .

PowerMILL4.5

.
1. .
2. 5_Axis_with_holes.dgk.
3. .
4. 2 (,
30 ).

5. , .
6.
:

10

PowerMILL4.5

7. .
.

11

PowerMILL4.5

,
.
,
.

,
,
.
6.
,

.

12

PowerMILL4.5


.
ProfileSelected.dgk
.

,

.
1.

3 .

2. , .
,
.

Trough
.

PowerMILL4.5

3.
.

4.

.
:
- ;
0;
:
;
0;
:
- .

PowerMILL4.5

5. ,
( ).

PowerMILL4.5

6. ,
.

.
7. /.
,
, k
0 .

8. (
)
.
.
.

PowerMILL4.5


.
8
.
:


,

90 .

.
(
).

PowerMILL4.5

5
.
:

9. 3- ,

PowerMILL4.5

5-
,
.

1. Seat.dgk,

10 .
2.
,

, .

PowerMILL4.5

3.
45.

PowerMILL4.5

4. ,
, ,

PowerMILL4.5

5.
.

6. .

.

,
.
.


example3\wheel_quadrant.dgk
4- :

.
10.

.
.
:

.
/ = 0 0
.

.
.
workplane 1 ( XY
workplane).
4-

4 - .
, 4 90 .

. , ,
90 .

,
.
: 0 180 .
,
, .

4
4- PowerMILL.
.
1:
example1\4axis_ReferenceSurface.dgk

4 .
.
, PowerSHAPE
PS-Surfacer. :

PS-Surfacer,
.

<CTRL> K, , .
. X
. X PowerSHAPE.

. :

X, .

.
.

, .

PowerMILL. PSSketcher PowerMILL.

.
,
.
1)

2)
3)
4)
5)

, .
:

:
=
=
=

10 .

V.

, .
. ,
.


.
,
.

4- .

PowerMILL4.5


.

,
.

:
edit toolpath <toolpath name> axial_offset
<offset distance>
, <toolpath name> - ,
<offset distance> -
(
Z).
:
edit toolpath ; axial_offset <offset distance>
; .

,
. ,

.
,

.
, .
,
.
"
3- " . .


. 3-

Z. ,

, .
1

PowerMILL4.5

1. 5_axis_Test.dgk,
10
.
2.
.

3.
100, 100, 200.
4.
:

PowerMILL4.5

- 100, 100, 100


-
-
- - 34
- - 90
- - 5
- .
.
5AxisCavity.

5.

. 3-


.
:

PowerMILL4.5

6. -
0, 0, 5 .
7.
.

8.
edit toolpath ; verify

9.
,
.
. ..

.
10. .
5AxisCavity .
:
edit toolpath ; axial_offset 5

4

PowerMILL4.5

11. .
,


.

PowerMILL4.5


3-
5-
. 5 ,
3- (.. 5-
).

:
1. 3- (
Z 3D ).
2.
Z
.

.
3. .
4.
5-
,
.

.
5. Z
.
6. .

.

PowerMILL4.5


PowerMILL,
.

, ,
.

.
.

.
DeepFlatMould.dgk
.

1. DeepFlatMould.dgk.
2. .
3. 2
2mmBN.
4. 8
8mmBN.
5. 3-
.



.

PowerMILL4.5

4.
.
:

PowerMILL4.5

5. 5-

.
3- , ..
.
,


.
6.


X 0, Y 0 Z 200.

7. ,

PowerMILL4.5

8. , ,
.

PowerMILL4.5


3-,

.
,
,

- .

10. .

PowerMILL4.5

11.
.

, ..
,
.

PowerMILL4.5

PowerMILL4.5


5-
.
,

.
.
,
.
,
.

. ,

(
0), :

,

.
.
.
,
.

:
1

PowerMILL4.5

.
1. joint5axis.dgk.
2.
joint_ template1.dgk.
3.
16 .
4. Z Z .
5. (
).
6.

.
:
1


U

PowerMILL4.5

,
.
.

.

PowerMILL4.5


- cone.dgk
imlop.dgk.

( ).
,

.

,
,
.
, (
) .




. 3+2
(
).
,
1

PowerMILL4.5

,
()
.

( )

.
,
,
. ,
?


.
, .
( ) , PowerMILL

.

.
.


,
.
,
, , 2.
,
, ?
.



PowerMill. PowerShape
.
()
. ,
2

PowerMILL4.5

).

,


.

PowerMILL4.5


,
. ? ,
,
.
() .
PowerShape ,
( ).

,
.

PowerMILL4.5

,
.
,
,
(
,
).
,

PowerMILL4.5

0.5 .

. ..

.

,
.

2

(

rough_ref_surf.dgk).

PowerMILL,
.
.

PowerMill.


6
1 .

,
.

rough_ref_surf.dgk.

PowerMILL4.5

Base Cone

Rough_ref_surf

, /
0 .
. ,
.

PowerMILL4.5

.

()
.
.

8

PowerMILL4.5

. PowerMill ,
.
, ,
, .

z, ,
.
, U
.


rough_verify.dgk. ,
.

PowerMILL4.5


'edit toolpath ; verify',
2 :
.

,
.
, /
/ .
:
Edit Toolpath <toolpath name> Axial_Offset <offset distance>
, <toolpath name> - , <offset distance> .
+ Z,
Edit Toolpath 1 Axial_Offset 2
2.
,

2 .

10

PowerMILL4.5

.

.
,
,
.

11

PowerMILL4.5


.
.
imlop.dgk.

6 .
.
,
.

12

PowerMILL4.5

,
, ,
.

.


( - ,
).
( -
).

13

PowerMILL4.5


( ) ,
, . blade_verify.dgk
.
( ),
.

edit toolpath ; verify,


.
14

PowerMILL4.5

,
.
.

.
.. 20 . 20.
.

15

PowerMILL4.5

16

PowerMILL4.5



. ,
, ,
, ,
2 . ..
PowerShape .
.
( ),
.

.,
:
1) ;
2) PowerMill;
3) .
.
.

17

PowerMILL4.5

1 .
,
.
1.
.
2. .
3. 4 .
4. / 0 .
5. .
6. ,
.

18

PowerMILL4.5

.
.

.
,
, .
, ()
90,
.

PowerShape.
( ).
.

19

PowerMILL4.5

, .

PowerMill,
. .

.
.
, ,
(Blade_verify).
edit toolpath ; verify.
2 .
3,
,
. 1,
0,
.
,
.

20

PowerMILL4.5

.
0,
(stepover) 1.
( ,


VB).

(
1),
, .
.
,

.

2- ,
,
. ,

.

21

PowerMILL4.5


. PowerShape
.



(
).


.
().
PowerMILL, .
0,

. ,
,
.

22

PowerMILL4.5

()

,
edit toolpath ; verify.

23

PowerMILL4.5

PowerSHAPE
5

5-
,
CAD . :
,
.

.

- .
(/)
.
,
PowerSHAPE,
. dgk

PowerMILL .

PowerMILL Impeller.dgk.

- PowerMILL

83

PowerMILL4.5

.

2.
4 (
).
: 3-
, 5- , 5-
(

).
(
).
PowerSHAPE Impeller.dgk.

(REFERENCE SURFACES)
,
,

.
,
( ).
, ,
( ).

84

PowerMILL4.5


( ).
,
.
( ) 0.2
.
4
(

).
4 ,

.
0.01.

( ).


(

).
,
(surface editing)

.

85

PowerMILL4.5

- 1.5,
.

(
).

.
,
.
,

.
(
),
( ).

86

PowerMILL4.5

( )
+15 15
, .
0.1.

(
).
3 Delete Dependencies/

(

).
87

PowerMILL4.5

(

)



.



( ,
),


.




.



(3 ),
.

,
().

88

PowerMILL4.5

( ,
,

..).
(refsurf) ,

.

refsurf.dgk.
(LIMITING SURFACES)
PowerMILL
, 5 . 5-

.
Edit Toolpath () Verify.
(user_menu).
3 , .



,


,
.
,
.
,
.

2 4
.
5 , ,
0.1,
.

.
89

PowerMILL4.5

,
,
.

, ,

.

( )


,

.



,
(
90

PowerMILL4.5

), ,
0,1.


( 0.5),

.


40 Z,

.
(bldoff0.5)
.
2
bld_off0.5.dgk.
(SHIELDING SURFACES)
, , 3-
, 5-
. 3-
, 5- ,
.
. 3
5- .

Z.
, ,
10.
91

PowerMILL4.5

, ,
.
(
).

.
0,1.

( ).
( )
Z.
Power Surface.

92

PowerMILL4.5



,
.


(0.1),
.

X (
- ).

.

.

93

PowerMILL4.5

10
.

(shield)
.

impeller.

94

PowerMILL4.5

2
shield.dgk.
(TEMPORARY SURFACES)

PowerMILL, 5- .
,
,
.

PowerMILL Edit Toolpath () Verify.
, ,
,
. ,
dgk
PowerMILL PowerSHAPE, ,
. , (,
)
PowerSHAPE, .
,
.
,
( ).

( ),
.
(hub)
, .

95

PowerMILL4.5


hub.dgk.

96


Blade8. .
. .
. .


MachineData\OkumaMM300TB.mt
d





( ).

.
.
3.

.
( )
. :
, , , . ( ).
.

.
(drive) , .
,
( ). ,
(..
).