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CARDINAL PRIMARY RIGHTS:

1. Right to a hearing;
2. Tribunal must consider the evidence presented;
3. Decision must be supported by something;
4. Supporting evidence must be substantial;
5. Decision must be rendered on the evidence presented or at least contained in the record
disclosed to the parties affected;
6. The body or CIR or any of its judges must act on his own independent consideration of law and
facts; and not simple accept the views of the subordinate in arriving a decision;
7. Decide in such manner that parties can know the various issues involving and the reason for the
decision.
MANDATORY CONCILIATION AND MEDIATION CONFERENCE
1. Shall be called for a purpose
a. Amicably settling the case upon a fair compromise
b. Determining the real parties in interest
c. Determining the necessities of amending the complaint and including all causes of actions;
d. Defining and simplifying the issues in the case;
e. Entering into admissions or stipulations of the facts;
f. Threshing out all
g. preliminary matters;
2. Conciliation and mediation of efforts shall be exerted by the labor arbiter all throughout out
proceedings;
3. In any case, the compromise agreement shall be approved by the Labor Arbiter;
4. A compromise agreement shall be binding upon the parties and shall have force and effect of
judgment rendered by the Labor Arbiter;
5. The mandatory conciliation and mediation conference shall be terminated within 30 days from
the od the first conference;
6. No motion for postponement shall be entertained except upon meritorious ground
RES JUDICATA REQUISITES
1. It must be a final order or judgment;
2. Court rendering the same must have jurisdiction over the subject matter and over the parties;
3. It must be judgment or order on the merits;
4. There must be two identity, subject matter and cause of action.
DUE PROCESS
1. Right to be heard actual or constructive
2. Reasonable opportunity to appear his rights and introduce witness and relevant evidence
3. A tribunal with competent jurisdiction
4. Finding decision by that tribunal supported by substantial evidence

CONTENTS OF DECISION
1. Facts of the Case
2. Issues Involved
3. Applicable Laws and Rules
4. Conclusions and reasons
5. Specific remedy or relief granted
CONTENTS OF REINSTATEMENT ORDER
1. Reinstatement aspect is immediately and executory
2. Directive for the employer to submit a report for compliance
APPEARANCE OF NON LAWYER
1. He represents himself as party to the case;
2. He represents legitimate labor organization;
a. Certification from BLR or Regional DOLE
b. Verified certification issued by secretary and signed by the president
3. He represents a member or members of legitimate organization
4. Duly accredited member of legal aid
a. Verified certification that he is the authorized representative of corporation or
establishment
b. Copy of board resolution
CHANGE OF LAWYER
1. There must be a written application or substitution
2. Written consent of the client
3. Written consent of attorney to be substituted
4. In absence of the above, written application or service notice of such motion