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Geometry VI Mathematics (Track - B)

Solutions 1
GEOMETRY
Challengers
AIM - 1
1.
, , OC OB OD
KKKH KKKH KKKH
3 rays
2. Rays :
, , AD AC AB
KKKH KKKH KKKH
; Line segments :
. , , , , AB AC AD BC BD CD
3. AB + CD = 4.5 + 3.5 = 8 cm and AB CD = 4.5 3.5 = 1 cm
4. i) Line segment :
QR
Rays :
, QP RS
KKKH KKH
ii) Line segment :
, BC CD
Rays :
, BA DE
KKKH KKKH
AIM - 2
1.
, , AC AB BC
IKKH IKKH IKKH
2. i) is a straight line ii) is not a straight line iii) is not a straight line
3. The number of line segments for n points =
( ) 1
2
n n
i)
( ) 5 5 1
2

=
( ) 5 4
2
= 5 2 = 10 ii)
( ) 7 7 1
2

=
( ) 7 6
2
= 7 3 = 21
iii)
( ) 10 10 1
2

=
( ) 10 9
2
= 5 9 = 45 iv)
( ) 15 15 1
2

=
( ) 15 14
2
= 15 7 = 105
AIM - 3
2. i) Lines :
AB
IKKH
or
BA
IKKH
;
CD
IKKH
or
DC
IKKH
;
EF
IKKH
or
FE
IKKH
ii) line segments 0 iii) Ray :
PQ
KKKH
3. Plane figures Space figures
i)
A
B C
ii)
A B
C D
iii)
o
i) ii)
A B
C
D
E
F
G H
4. A space contains infinite number of planes.
VI CLASS MATHEMATICS SOLUTIONS
PART II
$fl 008ll88 10000 $0000l l0l8
VI Mathematics (Track - B) Geometry
2 Solutions
AIM - 4
1. AOB (or) BOA (or) O (or) 1 2. a) W, O, A, B; b) P, X c) Z, Y
3. P is vertex and
, PR PQ
KKKH KKKH
are arms.
4. 6 angles BAD(or) DAB; ABD (or) DBA; DBC (or) CBD; BCD (or) DCB;
BDC (or) CDB; ADB (or) BDA
5. i) 3 angles CAB (or) BAC (or) A; ABC (or) CBA (or) B; BCA (or) ACB (or) C
ii) 4 angles DAB (or) BAD (or) A; CBA (or) ABC (or) B; DCB (or) BCD (or) C;
CDA (or) ADC (or) D
iii) 6 angles DAB (or) BAD; DBA (or) ABD; DBC (or) CBD; DCB (or) BCD;
CDB (or) BDC; BDA (or) ADB
6. i) 1 = EPB (or) BPE ; ii) 2 = PQC (or) CQP ; iii) 3 = DQF (or) FQD
AIM - 5
1. i) 1 right angle = 90 ii) 2 right angles = 2 90 = 180
iii) 3 right angles = 3 90 = 180 iv) 4 right angles = 4 90 = 360
v)
2
3
right angles =
2
3
90 = 60 vi)
1
1
2
right angles =
1
1
2
90 =
3
2
90 = 135
2. 12 parts of a clock = 360 for one part =
360
12
= 30 i) 3o clock = 3 30 = 90
ii) 6 o clock = 6 30 = 180 ; iii) 12 o clock = 12 30 = 360 ; iv) 9 o clock = 9 30 = 270
3. i) 35 ii) 135 4. The angle between North east and South east is 90
5. The angle between the hour hand and the minute hand when the time is 4 o clock = 4 30 = 120
6. 1. Height of the shelf in the cuboard to its edge is a right angle
2. Height of a wall of the class room to its floor is a right angle.
1. Lenght of a black board is a straight angle; 2. Lenght of a floor is a straight angle
7. One turn = 17 6 turns = 17 6 = 102 The least number of times to make obtuse angle is 6.
8. Fraction of one turn =
225 5
360 8
=
9. i) 30 acute angle ii) 91 obtuse angle iii) 179 obtuse angle
iv) 90 right angle v) 181 reflex angle vi) 360 complete angle
vii) 128 obtuse angle viii) (90.5) obtuse angle ix) (89.3) acute angle
x) 80 acute angle xi) 0 zero angle xii) 15 acute angle
Geometry VI Mathematics (Track - B)
Solutions 3
AIM - 6
1. DOA = DOC + COB + BOA DOA = x + x+ x
A
D
C
E
B
x
O
x
x
x
DOA = 3x 3x = 60 x =
60
3
x = 20

EOC = EOD + DOC = x + x = 2x = 2(20) = 40


2. AOB = 60
4
15
AOB =
4
15
60 = 4 4 = 16
3. AOB = 54 , BOC = 24; AOC = AOB + BOC = 54 + 24 = 78
A
B
P
C
54
24
39
39
O
OP
KKKH
is the bisector of AOC AOP = POC =
1
2
AOC =
1
2
78 = 39
POB = POC BOC POB = 39 24 = 15
4. AOB = 38,
OP
KKKH
is the bisector of BOC
AOP = POB =
1
2
AOB
1
2
=
38 = 19
O
B
P
A C
38
19
19
AIM - 7
1. i) no answer ii) complement of 25 = 90 25 = 65
iii) complement of 15 = 90 15 = 75 iv) complement of 35 = 90 35 = 55
2. i) supplement of 70 = 180 70 = 110 ii) supplement of 20 = 180 20 = 160
iii) supplement of 135 = 180 135 = 45 iv) Supplement of 90 = 180 90 = 90
3. adjacent angles are AOC, BOC
4. AOC + COD + DOB = 180 50 + x + 70 = 180 120 + x = 180 x = 60
5. AOC and BOD are vertically opposite angles AOC = BOD 65 = (3n + 15)
3n + 15 = 65 3n = 65 15 3n = 50 n =
50
3

n = 16.66
6. COD + DOB = 180 x + (x + 18) = 180 2x + 18 = 180 2x = 162 x = 81
7. pairs of adjacent angles: a , b ; b , c ; c , d ; d , a
8. pair of adjacent angles AOB, BOQ
9. AOC + COB = 180 AOC + 65 = 180 AOC = 180 65 = 115
10. Supplement of 90 = 180 90 = 90
VI Mathematics (Track - B) Geometry
4 Solutions
11. The sum of measures of all the angles is 360 a + 75 + 80 + 35 + (a + 10) = 360
2a + 200 = 360 2a = 360 200 2a = 160 a =
160
2

= 80
12. The complementary angles ratio is 2 : 3; Let the complementaty angles be 2x and 3x
2x + 3x = 90 5x = 90 x =
90
5
= 18; The complementary angles are 2(18) = 36 ; 3(18) = 54

The supplement of larger angle 54 = 180 54 = 126


AIM - 8
1. l,m lie on the same plane l, m are coplanar lines
l,n are not in the same plane l, n are non - coplanar lines
2. AX + AB = XB 0.3 + 3.7 = 4 4cm = 4cm A, B, x are collinear
AIM - 9
1. i) Yesii) p is the common point iii) l, m are intersecting lines
2. i) No ii) l, m are parallel lines
AIM - 10
1. p is the transversal 2. No, p is not a transversal
AIM - 11
1.
AB CD
KKKH KKKH
2
;
EF
KKKH
is the transversal; EMB = 70
EMB, MND are corresponding angles EMB = MND = 70; MNC + MND = 180
MNC+ 70 = 180 MNC = 180 70 = 110
2.
AB CD
KKKH KKKH
2
; The sum of co - interior angles is equal to 180 AMN + CNM = 180
(2x + 7) + (3x + 13) = 180 2x + 7 + 3x + 13 = 180 5x + 20 = 180 5x = 160 x= 32
3. l m 2 so EMA + CNF = 180 100 + x = 180 x = 180 100 x = 80
4. l m 2 EMB and COF are alternate exterior angles EMB = COF a = 70
5. i) 8 angles A, B, C, D, E, F , G, H ii) interior angles iii) A, B, G, H
iv) ( ) B, F , ( ) C, G , ( ) D, H v) ( ) D, F , ( ) B, H , ( ) A, G vi) ( ) C, F
6. i) True ii) False iii) True iv) False v) False vi) True
7. i) m n 2 , l is the transversal, A = 100 A = E = 100 (
3
corresponding angles)
E = C = 100 (
3
alternative interior angles); C = G = 100 (
3
corresponding angles)
A + B = 180 (
3
linear pair angles) B = 180 100; B = F = 80 (
3
corresponding angles)
ii) If m is not parallel to n, then A C = = 100, B D = = 80
Geometry VI Mathematics (Track - B)
Solutions 5
AIM - 12
1. Let the third angle be x; The sum of angles of a triangle is 180 30 + 45 + x = 180
75 + x = 180 x = 180 75 = 105 The third angle is 105
2. In
ABC
; A = 50; Let B = C = x A + B + C = 180 50 + x + x = 180
50 + 2x = 180 2x = 180 50 2x = 130 x =
130
2

= 65 B = C = 65
3. In
ABC
; A = B = C = x A + B + C = 180 x + x+ x = 180 3x = 180
x =
180
3
= 60 A = B = C = 60
AIM - 13
1. A = 80, B = 40; A + B + C = 180 80 + 40+ C= 180 120 + C=180 C = 60
2. A = 90; A + B + C = 180 90 + B + C = 180 B + C = 180 90 = 90
3. i) isosceles triangle ii) scalene triangle iii) equilateral triangle.
4. i) right angled triangle ii) obtuse angled triangle iii) acute angled triangle.
AIM - 14
1. a) Let a = 8.5 cm, b = 8.5 cm, c = 8.5 cm; i) a + b > c 8.5 + 8.5 > 8.5 17 > 8.5 cm (T);
ii) b + c > a 8.5 + 8.5 > 8.5 17 > 8.5 cm (T); iii) a + c > b 8.5 + 8.5 > 8.5 17 > 8.5 cm (T)

Given measures form a triangle


b) Let a = 10cm, b = 6cm, c = 4cm; i) a + b > c 10 + 6 > 4 16 > 4 cm (T)
ii) b + c > a 6 + 4> 10 10 > 10 cm (F); iii) a + c > b 10 + 4> 6 14 > 6 cm (T)

Given measures does not form a triangle


c) Let a = 6cm, b = 4cm, c = 11cm; i) a + b > c 6 + 4 > 11 10 > 11 cm (F)
ii) b + c > a 4 + 11 > 6 15 > 6 cm (T); iii) a + c > b 11 + 6 > 4 17 > 4 cm (T)

Given measures does not form a triangle


d) Let a = 3cm, b = 4cm, c = 4cm; i) a + b > c 3 + 4 > 4 7 > 4 cm (T)
ii) b + c > a 4 + 4 > 3 7 > 3 cm (T); iii) a + c > b 3 + 4 > 4 7 > 4 cm (T)

Given measures form a triangle


2. i) The greatest angle of
ABC
is C; ii) The least angle is B; iii) C > A > B
3. i) C = 73 The longest side is
AB
; ii)
AC
is the shortest side
4. i) The largest angle is C; ii) The smallest angle is A
AIM - 15
1. Other congruent elements in PQR and
XYZ
are QPR

YXZ; PQ YX ; QR YZ
2. In
ABC
and
DBC
;
AB BD
;
AC CD
;
BC
is the common side
ABC DBC
VI Mathematics (Track - B) Geometry
6 Solutions
AIM - 18
1. Let A = 55, B = 65, C = 150; The sum of measures of angles of a quadrilateral is 360
A + B + C + D= 360 55 + 65 + 150 + D = 360 D = 360 270 = 90
2. Let A = 60, B = 80, C = 100; The sum of measures of angles of a quadrilateral is 360
A + B + C + D = 360 60 + 80 + 100 + D = 360 D = 360 240 = 120
3. The number of diagonals of a polygon of n sides =
( ) 3
2
n n
i) n = 7 sides diagonals =
( ) 7 7 3
2

= 14; ii) n = 11 sides diagonals


( ) 11 11 3
2

=
= 44
iii) n = 15 sides diagonals
( ) 15 15 3
2

=
= 90; iv) n = 20 sides diagonals
( ) 20 20 3
2

=
= 170
4. In a quadrilateral ABCD; ( ) A C + + ( ) B D + = 360 (180) + ( ) B D + = 360

( ) B D + = 360 180 = 180
5. Let A = 55, B = 65, C = 105; The sum of measures of angles of a quadrilateral is 360
A + B + C + D = 360 55 + 65 + 105+ D = 360 D = 360 225 = 135
6. Let A = x, B = (x 10), C = x + 30, D = 2x; A + B + C + D = 360
x + (x 10) + (x + 30) + 2x = 360 5x + 20 = 360 5x = 340
340
5
x =
= 68
The angles of the quadrilateral are A = x = 68 B = x 10 = 68 10 = 58
C = x + 30 = 68 + 30 = 98 D = 2x = 2(68) = 136
7. Let A = 80, B = 120; C = D = x; A + B + C + D = 360 80 + 120 + x + x = 360
200 + 2x = 360 2x = 360 200 2x = 160 x =
160
2
= 80 each angle is 80
AIM - 19
1. In an isosceles trapezium, the base angles are equal A = B = 40
A B
C D
40
The sum of two adjacent angles of a trapezium is 180 A + B = 180
40 + B =180 B = 140 D = 140 and C = 40
Geometry VI Mathematics (Track - B)
Solutions 7
2. In the rectangle; BOA + AOD = 180 (
3
linear pair) 120 + AOD = 180
AOD = 180 120 = 60 BOA = COD= 120
A B
C D
30 30
60
120
O
In
AOB
; AOB + OBA + BAO = 120 120 + x + x = 180
120 + 2x = 180 2x = 180 120 2x = 60 x = 30
In
& AOB ODA
isoscels triangle; OAB = 30
In
ODA
; ODA + DAO + AOD = 180 x + x + 60 = 180
2x + 60 = 180 2x = 180 60 2x = 120 x = 60 OAD = 60
3. In ABCD kite; AB = BC, AD = DC, A = 115; In
ABC
two sides are equal
& ABC ADC are isosceles triangle
A
B
C
D
57
5
7

57
5
7

In
ABC
; CAB + ABC + BCA = 180
57.5 +
ABC
+ 57.5 = 180 ABC = 65
& ABC ADC are isosceles triangle
B = D = 65 D + B = 65 + 65 = 130
AIM - 20
1. i) c = 2 r c = 2
22
7
4 c =
176
7
c = 25.1 cm
ii) a) c = 2 r 44 = 2
22
7
r r =
44 7
2 22

r = 7 cm
b) d = 2r d = 2(7) d = 14 cm
2. i) O, P; ii) T, R iii) U, S
3. i) secant of the circle ii) chord iii) diameter iv) radius v) tangent of the circle
4. c = d c =
22
7
10.5
231.0
7
=
c = 33 cm
5. i) c = 2 r 88 = 2
22
7
r r =
88 7
2 22

r = 14 cm; ii) d = 2r d = 2 14 d = 28 cm
Pearl package
AIM - 1
1. position 2. thickness 3. points 4. 0.001 m 5. 100 cms
6. ray 7. initial point 8. length 9. line segment 10. one
11. 10 cms 12. c 13. d 14. c 15. d
16. a 17. b 18. a 19. d 20. c
VI Mathematics (Track - B) Geometry
8 Solutions
AIM - 2
1. coinitial rays 2. line 3. infinite 4. port 5.
AB
IKKH
(or)
BC
IKKH
or
AC
IKKH
6. line 7. 15 8. zero 9. two 10. a
11. b 12. a 13. d 14. b 15. a
AIM - 3
1. curved (or) plane 2. plane 3. plane surfaces 4. plane 5. thickness
6. plane figure 7. plane figure 8. space 9. space 10. space
11. planes 12. breadth 13. thickness 14. infinite 15. planes
16. point 17. lines 18. three 19. straight line 20. b
21. d 22. c 23. d 24. a
AIM - 4
1. amount of rotation 2. angle 3. three 4. angle
5. 1 6. 60
|
7. 60
||
8. degree
AIM - 5
1. acute angle 2. right angle 3. obtuse angle 4. straight angle
5. two right angles 6. reflex angle 7. complete angle 8. 4 right angles
9. zero angle 10. c 11. c 12. b 13. d 14. a
AIM - 6
1. bisector 2. 45 3. bisector 4.
OB
KKKH
5. O 6. 30 7. d
AIM - 7
1. BOC 2. opposite rays 3. c 4. 180 5. 160
6. complementary 7. 30 8. 25 9. a 10. c 11. a
AIM - 8
1. perpendicular 2.

3. line 4. collinear
5. non - collinear 6. AC 7. two 8. plane
9. non - coplanar 10. non - collinear points 11. coplanar lines
12. non - coplanar lines 13. coplanar lines 14. parallel
AIM - 9
1. intersecting 2. concurrent 3. l 2 m 4. coincidence lines
5. intersecting lines 6. coincidence lines 7. intersecting lines 8. coincidence lines
9. l 2 m 10. b 11. c 12. b 13. c
Geometry VI Mathematics (Track - B)
Solutions 9
AIM - 10
1. 0 2. any where (or) every where 3. transverse 4.
MN
5. 90 6. 0 7. d
AIM - 11
1. parallel 2. alternate interior angles 3. alternate exterior angles
4. ( ) 3, 6 5. ( ) 1, 8 6. ( ) 1, 5 7. corresponding
8. ( ) 4, 6 9. allied angles 10. 180 11. coexterior angles
12. ( ) 1, 7 , ( ) 1, 2 , ( ) 7, 8 13. 180
AIM - 12
1. polygon 2. triangle 3.

4. perimeter
5. angles, vertices 6. components 7. 180 8. inside
9. on 10. three parts 11. c 13. d
14. c 15. a 16. c
AIM - 13
1. x = y = z 2. 90 3. 50, 50 4. B = C 5. AB BC CA
6. AC
2
= AB
2
+ BC
2
7. b, d 8. c, d 9. a, b 10. a, d
11. a 12. a 13. a 14. d 15. a 16. a, c, d
17. b 18. b, c 19. a 20. d
AIM - 14
1. 8.5 cm, 8.5 cm, 8.5 cm 2. C, A 3. if AB > AC then C > B
4. BC < AC < AB 5. C > A > B 6. less than 25 cm 7. B 8. b
9. d 10. b 11. c
AIM - 15
1. 2.

3. S.S.S 4. similar
5. congruent 6. S.A.S 7. A.S.A 8. R.H.S
AIM - 16
1. median 2. altitude 3. perpendicular bisector 4. angular bisector
5. 3 6. 3 7. 3 8. 3 9. within 10. 2
11. interior of triangle 12. median 13. median 14. perpendicular bisector
15. 3 16. a
VI Mathematics (Track - B) Geometry
10 Solutions
AIM -17
1. concurrent lines 2. centroid 3. ortho centre 4. circum centre
5. incentre 6. excentre 7. G 8. H 9. S 10. I
11. d 12. ortho centre 13. incentre 14. perpendicular bisectors 15. P
AIM - 18
1. 360 2. 4 right angles 3. 2 triangles 4. d 5. a 6. a
7. b 7. a 8. 35 9. p + q + r + s = w + x + y + z
10. a 11. b 12. b 13. c 14. a 15. a
AIM - 19
1. trapezium 2. bases 3. legs 4. isosceles trapezium
5. kite 6. perpendicular 7. parallelogram 8. rectangle
9. square 10. a 11. bisect 12. rhombus 13. square
AIM - 20
1. bangle 2. radius 3. infinite 4. congruent 5. chord 6. diameter 7. secant
8. tangent 9. diameter 10. d = 2r 11. arc 12. minor arc 13. major arc
14. semi circle 15. circumference 16. C = d 17. diameter 18. a 19. d 20. b
Emerald package
1. AB = 8 cm, CD = 4.2; i)
5
3
CD
=
( ) 5 4.2 21
3 3
=
= 7; ii) 3CD AB = 3(4.2) 8 = 12.6 8 = 100.8
iii) 12AB 17CD = 12(8) 17(4.2) = 96 71.4 = 24.6 iv)
15
7
AB
CD
=
( )
( )
15 8 12.0
7 4.2 29.4
=
2. 2x + 30 + 5x 10 + 3x + 40 = 180 10x + 60 = 180 10x = 120 x =
120
10
= 12
Angle are 2x + 30 = 2(12) + 30 = 54; 5x 10 = 5(12) 10 = 50; 3x + 40 = 3(12) + 40 = 76
3.
A
C
B
D
O
, No rays can be formed from o.
4. a = 50 c = 50 (vertically opposite); a + b = 180 (Linear pair) b = 180 50 = 130
d = 130(vertically opposite)
5. A = 130; H = 50; H = D = 50 [Corresponding Angles]
A = E = 130[Corresponding Angles] p q 2 because Corresponding Angles are equal
Geometry VI Mathematics (Track - B)
Solutions 11
6.
OA PC
KKKH KKKH
2
, PD is transversal z =
y
_______(1) [Corresponding Angles];
OB PD
KKKH KKKH
2
,
OA
KKKH
is transversal x = z _______(2) [Corresponding Angles] from (1) & (2) x =
y
7.
OB PD
KKKH KKKH
2
,
OA
KKKH
is trasnversal; BOA PDA = = x (Corresponding Angles)
OA PC
KKKH KKKH
2
, PD is trasversal x y + =180 [
3
Sum of Interior Angles is 180]
8. AB CD 2 2x + 61 = 5x + 10 (Corresponding Angles) 61 10 = 5x 2x 51 = 3x x = 17
9. i) x = 50 + 60 = 110 ii) y = 35 + 45 = 80 iii) z = 60 + 70 = 130
10. A + B = 120 50 + B = 120 B = 120 50 B = 70
11. AB = AC B = C = x; A + B + C = 180 76 + x+ x = 180 2x = 104 x = 52
12. 1) e 2) d 3) h 4) a
13. A + B + C + D = 360 120 + x + x + x = 360 3x = 360 120 x = 80
14. AB + BC + CD + DA > AC + BD
15. 2 r = 66 cm
66
2
r =

22
7
r = 33 r = 33
7
22
r =
21
2
d = 2r d = 2
21
2
d = 21 cm
Diamond package
1. i) AOB = AOC + BOC 180 = 60 + BOC BOC = 180 60 = 120
ii) POQ = POC + QOC = 60 + 30 = 90
2. A : B = 2 : 3 A + B = 180 [ Linear pair] 2x + 3x = 180 5x = 180 x =
180
5
= 36
A = 2x = 2(36) = 72; B = 3x = 3(36) = 108; A = C = 72 [vertically opposite]
B = D = 108 [ vertically opposite]; A = E = 72; D = H = 108; B = F = 108
C = G = 72
3. A = 120; B = 45; If A + B = 180 [ Sum of Cointerior Angles] then p q 2
but 120 + 45 180 p 2q
4. l m 2 A = C____ (1) (Vertically opposite); C = B ____(2) (Corresponding Angles)
from (1) & (2) A = B
VI Mathematics (Track - B) Geometry
12 Solutions
5. PQ BC 2 , AB is transversal
x
= 80 [ Alternate Angles]; In
ABC
A + B + C = 180
80 + 40 + y = 180 y = 180 120
y
= 60 ; PAQ = x + y + z = 180 (Linear pair)
80 + 60 + z = 180 z = 180 140 z = 40
6. OAD = 60, ACQ = 110, ADC = x, DAC = y BAC = z; OB PQ 2 , AD is transversal
60 = x [Alternate Angles]; x + y = 110 [ Sum of interior opp Angles] 60 + y = 110
y = 110 60 = 50
y
= 50 ; OAD = 60 +
y
+ z = 180 (Linear pair)
60 + 50 + z = 180 z = 180 110 z = 70
7. PQ AB 2 , AC is transvesal A = D (1) [ Corresponding Angles] ; P = A __ (2)
from (1) & (2) P = D [Corresponding Angles] PR AC 2
8. B = 5, C ___(1); A = 3, C __ (2) A + B = 8, C; In
ABC A + B + C = 180
8 C + C = 180 9 C = 180 C = 20
A = 3 C 3(20) = 60; B = 5 C 5(20) = 100 A = 60, B = 100, C = 20
9. A + B + C = 180 A + 52 + 70 = 180
C
A
B
50
70
60
7
0

E F
A = 180 120 = 60 In
DEF
D + E + F = 180
60 + 70 + F = 180 F = 180 130 = 50

AB = DF ; A = D ; C = E
ABC DEF
10. In
ABCD ;
, A + B + C + D = 360 ; A + B = 180 ; C = 30
180 + 30 + D = 360 D = 360 210 D = 150
11. In
ABCD ;
, A + B + C + D = 360 1x + 2x + 3x + 4x = 360 10x = 360 x = 36
A = 36 ; B = 2x = 2(36) = 72 ; C = 3x = 3(36) = 108 ; D = 4x = 4(36) = 144
12. Kite
13. i) 12, 1 ii) 11, 2 iii) 10, 3 iv) 9, 4 v) 8, 5 vi) 7, 6